Thursday, February 12, 1948

Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 12, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER mill nil liillo ll InnKhti r rlmnl; Full Lcaicd Wiro Report of The Anociatecl Pren WINONA. MINNESOTA. Member of the Audit Bureau of FIVE CENTS PER COPY THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 12. 1948 IS COMING Be rare your new radio can 1C TWENTY PAGES 11 Persons Die in Danish Plane Crash Stassen For Prices Under Top G.O.P. Candidate Believes Drop Permanent PhlUdHphlu Harold E Ktnwirn Mild t'Kluy wlw pnllcli'ii I" Kdvrmiiii'iit should tirliu! it, Mnlill- nt prld'H Ifi cent lower tlwn HIP "ItKi high" UivulH of a month IXKO. ThP Republican presidential ns- plrnnt told thr Philadelphia Junior Chamber of Commerce "i.um con- vlnrrd development In recent duy.-i in thr romrmxllty market inoun tho rt underfills hluh price curvo Is. per- manently broken." "The he mild, "i.i morn favomlilf trxlay for ft mimossful postwar economy thiin lit any time since thn administration miido tho (two economic mistake of clivlm- there could bo major rounds of wane Increases wtthout price Stnsscn clnclarrd n combination of "unwise policies in tho ndmtiUstra- tlon compounding tho wot'Ul-wiclo shortages of goods" caused a very serious Inrliuiotiiiry problem. Tho rnpldly climbing footl price curvu JIP iiddrd, the mo.it wrlotis fac- tor In this Inflallotiivry nltuiiUon, Prior to the Junior Chamber luncheon, Stamen told n news con- ference onn of tho mo.it Important questions within tho Republican party Is "the decision on tho dif- ferent vlows of foreign pollclon." "Wr mu.it decide-." ho said, "Whe- ther wo will follow tho policy chnr- by Senator VandenborK cr the policy by tho Chl- rnco Tribune. It Is Incumbent upon Kll other Hepubllcans to Indicate on tho whoio which side of Uio juo they are Stasscn wild ho Is returning to Minneapolis this weekend and will leavo by piano Sunday night for a 13-dny trip with stops In North Dakota, Montana. Washington, Ore- ton, California and Texas. Ashes of Gandhi Immersed in Sacred Rivers India mortal remains of Tho Mohandas K. Oawlhl. the bclovrtl man who ranks a.s a wilnt In this toncl. were Immersed in the waters of tho three sacred Hindu rivers horn today, Tens of of pornono wlt- newrd thr ceremony, plnre. Jllflt lifter 2 p, m which took at thn con- fluence, of the Ganges, Jumnn arid Suriuiwntl rivers. Among thn wit- nesses was the prime minister of India. Punrtlt Jnwnhnrlul Nehni. Others who wutchrd Included nvmtxTs of the central government, thr governor of the united prov- inces, and ministers ot tho local government. Gandhi wus shot to death Janu- ary 30 by a young Hindu. The special train currying Cland- hl's ashes arrived ut Allahabad sta- tion nt D iv. m. Nehru, who arriv- ed In Allivhiibnd by alrpluriu Wed- nesday, wns til the station to the train of Ihlrd-clivsa brnrtrii: tho funeral urn. A guard of honor escorted the urn to Trlvenl Siinghiim, confluence of the thrrn rivers, for tho final ceremony. The urn WHS curried from tho und placed on n trailer, To the accompaniment of a booming wilute of cannon stiol.t one for riirh year r.f Gandhi's 7U and tlin soundlnit of conch horns, tho pro- cession Marled, A itrent luish fell ovrr thr crowd ns the military escort moved out, prerpcllnu a rquuclroti of military police. The procc.wlfiii went along Cim- nlrur r.Mid, the innln thoroughfare of Allahabad, on HM way to Trl- vrnl iiiinKnurn. Tt. (mu.ii'tl between IIIIKC, silent crowds who lined, the way to Trlvenl. Thr march from (lie .itiitInn to the conflui'tice of tin: rivers ended ut in. C.I.O. President Posts Bond Presldr-nl Philip Murray today patted bond In federal district court for appearance before a federal court Kebnmry 30 at. WnshliiKton. Murray and the C. I. O. weru In- tlicled Wednesday In Washington nn chnrKr.x of violating thn Tiift- Hiirtlcy act ban on union spend- ing The federal unimt Jury accused the Kl-yiir-okl Murray niitl his nrk'nnlxntlon "f Intrntlnniilly print- Hit in the C I.O. publlcn- tlr.n financed by union endorsement for Democratic cundl- diite Kflwiird CUirmatv, lust July In a Maryland eoiiKfr-ssirmat election. won. Three Firms Cut Soap Product Prices New frocter A: Gam- ble Company, U'Vi-r Brothers and ColKate-I'almollve-I'cet today an- nounced price cuts of five, per cent lit wholesale on all soap products, effective immediately. Thr coiPiUiiiilr.H said Hit' reduction reflected the recent downward trend In ftil tilid oil prices. j Maynard's Profits to Be Probed Committee Will Study Market Break Cleanup T. Maynard of Chicago will be asked to tell congressional Investigators how he turned the grain market .slump Into a prol'.t. The only question today is which of three interested committees will get to him first. The thrco are the Senate agri- culture committee, a Senate appro- priations subcommittee Inquiring In- to speculation, and a similar special group in the House. Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson said Wednesday May- nard ivuidc more than In wheat, another to In cotton and an undetermined amount in oats. Senator William Knowland <R- a member of the Senate ap- propriations subcommittee, told re- porters: "I would advise you to keep in close touch with the committee next St. Altkln county slot machine owners claimed <There: wereuneonflrnicd re- they pale, a former sheriff for return of machines ,so zed more thim a year nRo, State Examiner Richard Dolling reported Mllton R- YoullK (R._ Lodtiy. N. who ix on the agriculture Golllnc said tho onetime sheriff, Ned Price, now In California, committcc, said he thinks all of _________ nnV mnnnv. be ill- Abraham Lincoln's Ordinal order for the execution of 39 S oux Indians In Minnesota, shown here, will play a prominent part In dramallHlnK the floods of the Emancipator during the Minnesota Torrltorlat Centennial celebration In 1040. Mrs. Marilyn Pa rbanks. a stenographer for tho Minnesota Historical society, is exhibiting thi. historic document on which Is listed the name of each Indian orctnral to lici itxocutiid. (Associated Press photo.) ______________ Aitkin Sheriff Was Paid To Return Claim Market Prices Get Much-Needed Holiday Breather New Plunging market prices took an enforced "breather today after u week-lend rampage. United Stated commodity rind se- curities murknts were closed In ob- servance of Lincoln's birthday, Tho first clccl.slvo break in the price level came on Febru- ary 4. Since then prices have nose dived on tho commodity and se- curity exchanges, and to a lesser iixtont in wholesale food and raw maturlul markiits. Grains and cot- It still was on be ton led tho slide, Wednesday, but appeared to losing some of Its violence. Last Friday the consumer folt tho first effects of the widening brcftkn. Now retail food price cuts wore on tho fire Wednesday night. The retail price of flour and lard fell, Bacon and some cuts of brof wcro cheaper In many stores. ilroud prices were down, Reaction spread Wednesday to securities markets around the world. Stocks tumbled In Manila, Copenhagen, Sydney and Toronto. Thorn a on the London murknt, but prlcfs there recovered before! thi! British exchange closed for tho ttuy. There were temporary rallies In tho prices of grain during tho week, but they were ahort-llved. Tho worst day of tho week-long mcloo Tuesday, when prices foil like ten pins. Stocks tumbled to u share Tuesday and sent The Associated Press average down to u now low since last June. Tscver before wnrii so many I.WUBH traded on llio New York Htock exchange. A survey or A.F.L. and C.I.O. lenders showed they generally ro- gurcl current price declines lus not enough to reduce their wage de- mands. A spokesman for the A.F.L. Meat Cutters In Chicago suld, how- cver. tho commodity iilump un- doubtedly will" altcct them IMS Slulln ImN liocn llNtcttlfiK to llio "Mln.s llusli" proKriini, The UuHMlan icovrrnmcnt piiNii-d a Inw iirohlliltliiK IliiH- MIUIH rnmi liilklnir to forelifneni. Tim only IttiHMlun who can Dpciik to foreigner IH Mololiiv mill IIP (inly IIIIM onn word. He's Kiit cvrn Unit down to a niiitlnn now. Hi- bother tmylnR tho word He Just shiikcs hU lirnd. Even the Volfra boatmen arc worried. They arc now humming- Hut wallers ctin nilll converse with forrlKiicr-i. Of course, all thry urc allowed to nay In "Why dliln'l you finish your And they permit ticket sollnrs Id lalk to you. Tho last tlilnp they will close up will bo tho two rnlilc windows nt the track. Now If n comes up and wlilfiprrn to yon, yon won't know whether IIC'H u tout or Just breaking tho law. I know of ont; American cor- respondent who wns watchlns iv Kusslan soccer match and nuked iv Itii.HxItin spectator who was wlnnlnir, Tho xny Ignored him, turned to Ills nclKhbor anil "Slulln was rlcnt. These Ameri- cans never know the ncorc." They may carry thin law a uttfp further. It could be worse. AI least now when you whistle ut a Kusslan K'rl. can still whistle buck. Of course, this new law doosn't affect mn very much. My pic- tures have, pluylnjr In Mos- cow for yearn "nd tiiny haven't lice.n allowed to tnlk to me since "lload to domed receiving In a formal report, covering s operations muso vestlgated." sults of an investigation of Chicago, Maynard offered this statement as the koy to his success county financial affairs from the market: ary 1, 1040, through June 30, you had to do to know prices tho public "examiner said going down was to read the Thlol, Grand Rapids, and Anderson told the agriculture Polo, Soanlon, tho slot that Maynard hud "no Inside owners, estimated their eight and that "no corrup- chines contained about was involved. said the trader has bought seized and opened, dolling said sold more than bushels sheriff turned over to wheat this month. county treasurer as proceeds tho House meanwhile. Repre- August H. Andreuen (R.- tho said the special committee Oolllng reported that on heads will have a look at May- 2 1047, five days before his speculation. expired, Sheriff Ned Price that wo know his name, tho machines. Two were told a reporter, "We will from a bar In Rabey, two from a complete study of his trad- rilling station in Hill City, We will talk with Mr. May- from another -filling station In and If necessary bring him same village, one from a cafe the committee." Tamarack and two from a Tamarack liquor store. "Price did not arrest the proprietors of the establishments Shoots the slot machines wore found, nor the owners said Colling In the report, "And no charges Two Turk made or criminal complaints filed iigalnst tho persons." Thlol, according to Calling's Planes port, said ho paid Price The Bulga- sheriff demanded for return of telegraph agency says two machines and took them from fighter planes were shot county Jail under cover of Monday by Bulgarian coastal In addition. Thlcl said ho Price to cover a sum tho report. Issued Wednesday, wius unable to remove from one one of tho pilots drowned ir. tho devices without damaging Black sea, Off the port ol Sozo- the report The other was said to have Polo, the report stated, said injured and captured. paid Price for return of guns apparently were machines. "Price denied receiving any At Istanbul, Turkey, a foreign from Thlcl or Colling spokesman confirmed the re- In his report. "He admits that eight slot machines wore taken from the county Jail after Vandenberg and, In Thlel's case, with his approval. Ho admits that no by Stassen were made or charges Pa. Senator against the slot machine owners H, Vandenberg is "the who best applies to world the concepts of Wisconsin Scouts Harold Stassen. avowed candidate for the Republican presiden- Boost to Civic nomination. Madison, Wlx. Wisconsin's Boy Scouts contributed greatly to civic service activities in 1H47, Governor Oscar Rennebohm learned a speech before a Republican Lincoln dny dinner Wednesday night, the former Minnesota governor said Vandonberg's "Insistent search for peace with Justice hris a groat impact on our nation's In a report prepared by policy." Ti. wiarK jr., jviauiouii KJLWUU varied services were listed. They Brakeman Dies cluded collection of pounds of clothing, pounds of food, Being Crushed 509 books, pounds of W Wesley Zf- and pounds of 07-year-old brakeman, died In addition, Clark said, route to a hospital Wednesday planted trees and being crushed between two uted government freight cars in the Milwau- tions last road Bass Lake yards. Russ Say Britain, Urged Hitler Against Moscow Russia says comment was forthcoming from Britain and France before the department on the latest So- encouraged Adolf Hitler to turn statement. German army against the British foreign office and French foreign ministry did not She charges that they Jet either.) many take over Chechoslovakia Soviet communique said In the pact of Munich and policy before the war entered into nonaggresslon aimed "at isolating the U.S.S.R. ments with Germany's directing Hitlerite aggression These accusations wore made the cast against the Soviet a statement Issued Wednesday using Hitler as a tool for by the Soviet Information .own ends." In support of them, the declared that Hitler's annexa- cited German foreign office of Austria March 12, 1938. met ments for 1337 and 1038 which resistance on the part of Britain said the Red army had France and that face The statement was Russia's Czechoslovakia's appeals for help ond in reply to publication of Germany under a mutual pers on Nazi-Soviet relations pact, "the Anglo-French the United States. This one remained implacable." little about the U. their desire to ward off the (The U. S. State department of Hitlerite aggression from lished captured documents the communique 21 which said Hitler and believed that the plotted to split up Poland, agreement and similar ones ate the Balkans and shut the the gates wide open for Hit- ern powers out of Europe aggression in the ag- against the Soviet un- (In Washington, Wednesday Senator And Robert A. Taft are shown on their arrival in St. Paul today.forScaiator coin day dinner .speech. Mrs. Taft is a former Winonan. (A.P. Wlrcphoto to Tho Taft, at St. Paul, Bids for State Vote If Stassen Fails McCarthy Says Congress Will Boost Housing Joseph R. McCarthy (R.-Wis.) predicted today that Congress will pass :v lonir-ninijo housing bill this year. The Wisconsin lawmaker, vlcc- chalrnmn of the House-Senate hous- ing committee, made this forecast after talking with leaders in Congress, At the same time McCarthy rec- ommended in a report to the Joint committee that (.here be no provi- sion In the program for govern- ment operated or owned public housing projects. He suld any public housing leg- islation should be handled separ- ately In order to avoid the "emo- tional controversies" which surround this hot Issue. "Private enterprise must be our chief McCarthy declared. Hi; said i.hc goal should be 000 new dwellings a your. But he added that about of thesfi probably "will continue to be priced out of the n-.arket" each year un- less (A) "We are able to bring about a substantial reduction in prices" or (13) arrange for the gov- ernment to stand part ol the cost. McCarthy's report is based on hearings he held last fall in :v num- ber of major cities. Except for pub- lic housing, it largely parallels many feiitunss of the ner rr-E-W) bill approved by the Semite, banking committee lust April. The Senate Republican leadership has refrained from caning up that measure for debate, however, ap- parently bcciiu.se of doubt that it could pass the House. The House killed n similar bill in 194C it had cleared the Senate. level return for farmers which, he said, Congress has promised to maintain throughout 1348. Says Tuxes Can Re Cut Asked if the drop in commodity prices would halt attempts to reduce federal taxes, Taft said he foresaw no such result. He snld only' a general depression would be likely miiko It Impossible to cut taxes. Montana 'Wheat King' Offers Views on Bread Albuquerque, N. D. Campbell, the Montana "wheat said Wednesday he had sold about 00 per cent of his 500.000- bushel wheat crop before the com- modity market broke. He plans to hold the balance probably until May, he said in an Interview. "Like any sensible Campbell .said, "we sold because the price was higher than It had been In 70 years. We had no inside In- formation. In fact, the break came a little more suddenly than I had expected. I wish I'd sold Jt all." Washington A veteran New Orleans cotlon dealer told senators today there isn't any liiLsis for talk of "inside" ROV- crnmcnt information "leaking" to commodity speculators. Trolled buck in the Senate agriculture committee's witness E. V. Creekmore said there may have been leaks at one time, but not in recent years. Milwaukee Retail beef prices dropped ;us much as 16 cents per pound in Milwaukee today. Bread, flour and butter also hit the skids. Porterhouse :md club steaks were selling for 77 to 78 cents per pound in one. large Kroup of Milwaukee stores. This represented a price slash of IS cents. St. Paul. Minn. Senator Robert A. Taft (R.-Ohlo) said to- day that a recent dip in the com- modity markets may have solved the problems of price-wage spiral. Here for a major foreign policy .speech tonight, Taft told a news conference he does not believe fal- tering commodities prices point to- ward any general depression. But the Ohio senator said he hopes thnt "we may now look toward a straightening out of the curve of Inflation." "If that takes he said, we will hrive the problem of adjusting those things which are out of line." In this connection it may become necessary for the government to Expectin' Gary, Sen- ator Raymond E. Willis (R.- introducing Senator Rob- ert A. Taft (K.-Ohio) at a meeting of Gary service clubs Wednesday, said: "Ohio is regarded as tho mother of presidents and. by jrolly, I think that maybe she Is In a family way support the price other commodities of at wheat and the parity to reduce revenues so .sharply as to He added: Kersten Seeks Alaska Highway For Military Use Representative Chwles J. Kersten (R.-WIs.) pro- posed today that the United States and Canada immediately work out an agreement granting tills country military use of the Alaska highway. "The United States presently has no legal basis for the use of the Alaskan highway for military pur- poses should the necessity therefore Kersten said in a. speech prepared for House delivery- The highway which cost .some was built and paid.for by the United States during the last war. "However." Kersten said, that portion of the highway lying in Canada miles of it was. under the basic construction agree- ment, completely tunned over to Canada on April 1. 1940." This agreement provided that the Canadian portion of the ln.vid link to Alaska "become an integral part of the Canadian highway system subject to the understanding that there shall at no time be imposed any discriminatory conditions in relation to the use of the road as between Canadian and United States civilian Kersten In other words, the only purpose 'I see no reason to think this for Whlch we may now use the drop will bring a depression or js for civilian traffic and terfere with full employment unless it becomes much more serious than .t now Taft said. Discussing his race for the Re- publican presidential nomination, Taft made It plain ho is not seeking in his Minnesota visit to undermine the expected first ballot support of this state for former Governor Har- old Stassen. But Taft said he hopes thnt Min- (Continucd on Fapc 18, Column TAFT that only to the extent that a Can- adian citizen may use in on the basis of non-discrimination. "The Alaska highway was built by us for the military defense of Alaska and now we may use It only for civilian Kersten introduced a resolution proposing an agreement between the two countries to assure the United States military use of the route. Passenger Train Plunges Into Gorge; None Dead Alamosa, on a tiny A massive snowsltde thundered down lously escaped death. and a dispatcher for the Denver and Rio Grande Western reported that all the 11 passengers were shaken up. The passengers and members of the train crew arrived here at 5 a. m. after a two-hour, 15- mllc trip from the wreck scene. The injured men were Identified by the dispatcher as Brakeman George Ottoway nnrt Railroad Ex- press Messenger Victor Ingle. The dispatcher said one woman passenger whose identity was not immediately available was reported to have frozen her feet. Railroad officials said the snow- 100 feet wide, and ten route to the wreck slide was feet deep. The only scene, high in the Cumbres moujv tains near the Colorado-New Mexi- co border, 50 miles southwest of slammed into, it about G p. m. Two passenger cars half the size of standard railway equipment hurtled at least 300 feet down the canyon. The observation car tumbled about 75 feet. The engines, bagRiigc and mall cars remained up right. "It's a miracle the cars didn't plunge to the bottom of the can- yon said George Dodge, railroad official in Denver who knows the area. The Los Finos river running at the base of the chasm is at least another 700 feet below where the cars stopped. Conductor L. E. Morgan uncoupled one of the locomotives and rode on it to a nearby way station where he telegraphed to Alamosa for help. The passenger train was on its daily 200-mile run between Alamosa and Durango, Colo. here was over the winding, breath- A Chamn, N. Mcx.. hotel opcra- takmg railway line. tor said the snow depth on the level The five-car train was being pull- at the wreck scene was more than cd over its tortuous route by two en-1 four feet. Temperatures hovered gines when the snow the zero mark. Ten Others Live Through Air Tragedy C-47 En Route From Copenhagen to Switzerland Dlrichnteln, Gernuuiy A Danish air liner crashed and burn- ed here today, killing an estimated II persons. Ten others climbed alive from the wreckage, The plane was en route from Co- penhagen to Switzerland by way of Frankfurt. It lost altitude and crashed on foggy hill at p. some 30 miles from the TJ. S. Rhinc-Mnln air base at Frankfurt. It was a C-47. The plane carried 17 and four crewmen. Six charred bodies were found near the plane. Tonlnht rescue teams still un- able to extricate five other bodlea believed to be In the wreckage, Overthrow Plot In Costa Rica Nipped by Police Sun JOM, ConU and police nipped today a plot to overthrow Costa-Rica's government and Install Former President Rafael Caldcron Guardia. The attempted coup began with violence Wednesday night over Sunday's presidential elections. A policeman was killed and several persons were wounded in shootlnjr. which continued into the early morning. Gangs raced through the streets. They wore the blue, yellow and red armbands of the Rcpublicano Nft- cional and the red armbands of Vanguardia Popular (Communist) party, both supporters of Calderon. Caldcron trails by votes In Sunday's election and has conceded the victory of Publisher OUUo Blanco, ol the Union NocloruU party. However, Caldcron. charged fraud. XTIatc said Wednesday teamed the and army men planned a coup, but out- going President, Teodoro Picado MlchalsW said he irfts confident lucli a move could be repelled. A government sources said coup was plotted by the commun- ists, and. that the Republlcano Na- clonal was not involved. He said the first step was a vain attempt to seize a barracks. He added it prob- ably failed because the plotters struck too soon. Shots rang out frequently In UM capital this morning. Half-tracks loaded with soldiers raced through, the streets with sirens screaming. Mobile troops patrolled the business district. Tho presidential guard said machine-gun fire broke out within the Bella Vista police and army barracks and that then th-s firing became general throughout the business district. People ducked Into doorways or dropped to sidewalks. Mother Warm Weather for Burial Farminicton, scal- ed casket containing Private Earl E. Sawyer's body has been In his moth- er's 'parlor since lost November IS because she can't bear to think of it in a cold vault during harsh winter. "My feelings on this may seem unusual to a majority of people." Mrs, Rita Brown declared. "But the fact that my son is home again brings me a great deal of Sawyer's body will be buried when warm weather comes, she said. He was killed Jn the Battle ol Bulge. Wallace In Minnesota Set New York The WaUnce- for-presldcnt committee announced Wednesday night Henry A. Wallace would make two major addresses in Minnesota one in MlnneapolU February 27 and the second at Du- luth two days later. Weather FEDERAL, FORECASTS Winona and and not quite so cold tonight; lowest zero in the city, -5 to -8 In the coun- try. Friday, becoming cloudy and warmer; highest 28. Minnesota: Generally fair and warmer tonight. Friday cloudy and wanner but turning colder again with snow flurries during afternoon or night. Wisconsin: Fair tonight wanner north, and west portions. Friday in- creasing cloudiness and somewhat warmer with snow flurries cxtrcma north portion by evening. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 22; minimum, noon. 14; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Free. Chicago 29 Denver 6 DCS Moincs Kansas City 21 Los Angeles 59 Miami........ 76 Mpls.-St. Pau New Orleans 62 Seattle...... 46 Phoenix...... 53 Washington 30 Winnipeg 9 13 3 5 S 40 74 -12 60 28 25 28 7 .12 .08 .01 .29 .4 .09