Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER l.inn! JUKI inuvr liiiillM. IS COMING Be rare your new radio can M. Full Leaied Wire Report of The Associated Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 47. NO. 301 WINONA. MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 10. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES i 20 Per Cent State Freight Rate Boost Approved Russ Charge U. S. Readied Nazis for War Documents Back Statements, Soviet Bureau Declares MiHieow Till' promised todny to publish secret Oermnn documents which they wild would prove their rhai'Ke.n thnt thit Western Allies puved tho wuy for World War It. The .'Soviet Information bureau eliarged Mondiiy nlKhl that the United lirltuln and tind. In their relations with Ger- many, provided Adolf Hitter with the 'strenulh to launch tho Second World wur, 'Oolilrn Iliilri' nf IHillura The ItunMiiMfi suld It wad donii bv "a Koldcn rain of American mid by 1'Teiu'h and llrltlsh The Kujwlan statement was In reply to the U. S. ittnte. depart- ment publlciillon Jnmmry 21 of 360 documents raptured from tho Nazis dealing with lUiwInn-Clcrmnn relations prior to World Wur IT. (The documents worn published with thn sanction of Hocretary of F.tiito George C. Murshiill, They said Germany and Ituwtln agreed to divide I'oliiiid between them. (Thn documents nl.io said the Soviet union ngreed with Hitler that the United States and lirltuln should be kept out of Kuropo, Asia ami Afrleii', UIIIMII Mild Itn elmrges were mip- fKirterl hy "Itniiorliiiit docmnenln were ciipturi'il li.v Hovlot troops during the .iiiuiihiip of Hit- lerite Gen.uuiy." True rlolure 1'iirported "rubiicutioti of these documents will help present tho true, picture of how Hitler's ngtfrowtlon nnd the Second World war wero In reality prepared nnd tho state- ment wild. "Hitlerite became, pos- sible first beoiiu.io tho United States of America helped thn Germans establish, within a short period of time after the (Kirst World) war an ee.onomlr bus" for Onrman ng- Kremlnn and seeond bernunn thn rejection of colleetlvn security by ruling Anwlo-Krenuh ctrclus dls- tho rnnkn of poiico-lovlng All Moscow newspapers published the long statement In full, but mndo no editorial eommont. The official statement suld the documents men- tioned would bo published "shortly." Retired Warden at Waupun Prison to Be Honored SparU, Luke Murphy, former warden of tho state prison at Wftupun who Is retiring after nenrly 30 years of service, with tho state department of public welfare, will be honored nt n meeting Feb- ruary 17, Public welfare divisional directors and superintendents of state public welfare Institutions lit the Wiscon- sin child center here will take part, Plenty of Ka-choos Sold As Novelties I'.irk, N. S. novelty inuminmliirer. the mile during- the pust .Id of more limn Tlnin nf anerip powder. (ienundhelt. Weather FKtiKKAl, Wlnona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy with occasional light snow totilcnt. Wednesday partly cloudy. Continued cold. Low tonight xcro In the city. 0 In the country; high Wednesday If-. Light MIOW and not diilte so cold tonight mid Wediu-H- Wisconsin: LlKht snow nnd not so cold tonlKht uiitl Wednesduy. LOCAL WKATIIKH ornclul observations for tho 24 hours ending ut, 12 m. today: Maximum. Ill: inlnlmutn, -4; noon 13; prccHiltuUoii, none; HUH nets loillKhl at nearest 80 miles away The vessel, a freighter, left Boucn. France, Janu- ary 31 and was scheduled to arrive in New York February 14. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republlcan- Price Break Becomes General As Commodities, Stocks Slide By Tho Associated Press Tho price break became general today, niltlng .all commodities and pulllns stock market prices down to Grain slammed downward with the sharpness that characterized last week's Livestock was selling at Monday's lowest prices. Cotton was down a bale. Even butter, which, had been at record high recently, skidded There were scattered reports of farther declines in cost-of-livlng items. Loss than nn hour after trading opi'iiw! in l-'io Chlcnito pits all de- llvifrlen of wnro down Uln dally limit, of Bight cents a bushel. Grain had staged a one-dny rally Monday.' Wheat and oats dropped rapidly and several deliveries hit the'daily allowable decline of ten cents and six cents, respectively. Lard dropped the 200 al- Three Tanker Crewmen Hurt In Explosion New York Police head- quarters (said three- crew members wore injured In ail explosion in the engine room of the tanker Richmond today off the Statue of Liberty. There was no indication ;he tanker exploded, police said, Enrllcr tho coast, guard had re- ported liuikor exploded In thn upper The fire department said a blaze resulting from the engine room ex- plosion was extinguished before ex- icnslvo damage was done. Old People's Home Burns; 34 Dead St. Johns, persons were offi- cially reported to.have perished in a fire which destroyed Hull house, an old people's home, here early today. Four others are mlssinc out of a total of 43 occupants, tho public health and welfare de- partment announced. Tho three-story concrete building- was used as a shelter for Indigent and infirm persons awaiting- admission to hospi- tal or a permanent home for the affed. It formerly was a, private residence. The lire broke out at a. m. Firemen foupht hard to grain admission to the blazins: structure 1ml were repeatedly turned back. All Dressed Up In Costumes, these pretty (we assume) New Orleans (.'Iris are among the thousands who arc today celebrating the final day of tho Marcll Cras before the beginning of Lent, (A.F. Wlrcphoto to The Ropubllcan-Herald.) New Orleans Now Orleans went on Its annual Mnrdi orns ben- der today, celebrating a modern version of the world's oldest sur- viving festival. The people dressed In fantastic oostumcn, staged gnudy parades, clambori'd aver one another to sec thn costumes and parades, danced In the streets, Tho jji'L-Oreek shepherds who started the business years ago might havo been n bit surprised If they had chanced upon the scene, nut nobody would hiivu noticed with folks disguised us decks of cards and aspirin bottles, gypsies and convicts, apes and bal- let tlnncurs. Those shepherds used to cut a goatskin Into strips and whip cnch other about this tlmu of year. They figured 11 was a good way to make thn piu'.ttirn grow hotter. various twists and turns, their festival was changed Into the or- gies nf .European carnivals. The French cnrnlval celebration of Mnrdi Onus, with tho orgy strained A out was Imported into New Orleans about 120 years ago. Orns itself, shrove Tuesday, a day of fun before the Lenten up n car- nival season that started on 12th night, January 0. Tho festivities thus far havo included n dozen pub- lic parades nnd several dozen balls. The thing became a general spree on this final day. With all business stopped, the people crowd- ed the downtown streets for the last parades. Many thousands of men, women and children were In fancy costume. Trndltlonnl climax of the affair WON the parade of mule-drawn floats led by Bex, king of carnival. Rex, this year, was Dr. Alton Ochsner, internationally known surgeon. His queen was Elizabeth Lee Nicholson, debutante daughter of Vorke P. Nicholson, first vice- president of the Times-Picayune Publishing Company, and Mrs. Nicholson. Tonight will sec tho season's lost torchllt float parade, and several balls. Wednesday Lent begins. Oklahoma Officers Seek Brutal Slayer of Waitress Duncan, slaying of an Indian waitress, described Stephens county's worst killing, to- day spurred officers on the hunt for a three-cornered murder weapon. The body of 26-year-old Helen Beavers, partly stripped, was found in tho trunk of nn automobile unused since Christmas. County Attornny Hegel Branch, who called it the county's worst killing, said the woman's head was beaten to a pulp by 13 blows. Late Bulletins Rehoboth, Del. An arched stone bridge across near- by Indian river collapsed today and four persons were believed drowned. 4> New 'York Two men armed with revolvers scooped up between J2S.OOO and 000 In cash at the Whltcstono branch of the Bank of Manhat- tan In Queens today and es- caped. lowed in a day's tradlnR. A BC'ncral nervousness predom- inated all markets. The nation's economists studied the downward trend closely for clues to the busi- ness picture ahead. Traders in both stocks nnd com- moclltiw woro cautious nverywhurc, Muny aKreud with, tho olwervntlon of the president of the American Bankers association, Joseph M. Dodge of Detroit, who told his or- ganisation the country is "ridlns on a manufactured prosperity" which he said could not last. The bankers association was told by a lending economist. Dr. Marcus Nadlcr of New York university, that a price readjustment now would be but not necessarily seri- ous. The sooner the Inflation period is ended, the better it will be, he said. Meat Lower in Wisconsin By The Associated Press Meat prices wore lower In Wis- consin today but neither consumer nor dealer knew exactly what it meant. Winter Colder Than Usual With More Snow Minneapolis It Isn't just your is hard winter. Figures compiled in tho office of M. R. Hovde, Weather bureau me- teorologist and section director for Minnesota, prove !t. Thoy Know i.hnt throuRh the end of January, Minnesota was both colder and had more snow than usual. 'Snowfall ranged from two-and-a- half times normal in the north to normal In the southeast. Most .snowed-under of a list of communities scattered over the state was Virginia. There 03 Inches of .snow-t-more than five dur- ing November, December and Janu- ary. That compares with a normal fall during that period of 25 Inches, just over two feet. In International FaUs a loll of more than 44 inches was tho heav- iest in 38 years and compares with a normal of 27 inches. Willmar in the western ncctlon of the state has had 33 Inches, nearly twice the normal of 17, while I the Twin Cities area has received Raises in Rates to Be Effective on February 16 SU Paul Railroads and truckers operating In were granted Increases In rates today by the Minnesota, rail- road and warehouse commission. Kay P. Chase, member of commission, dissented from the cr- dnrs .signed by Commissioners N. J. Holmbcrg and Frank W. Mntuon. The order signed today for a 20 per cent emergency increase in lieu of a ten per cent emergency increase which became effective lozt January 15. The truck carriers were t.hr following Increases: Ten per cent in the mandatary ncale for ill carriers; an approximate Increase of per cent in the first class rate nnd 13.8 per cent In the fourth class rate. The commission, at the some time, announced postponement of a hearing on truck rate originally scheduled for- February IS, With certain exceptions, arc effective February 16. The orders, however, provide that rates wliall expire June 30, unless they are canceled before that date or extended. The order allowing railroad In- creases decrees: No Increases in switching on cool or coke. No Increases in line haul on coke, rough ouiiiried (rriinite. Iron ore, or suuur beets. Otto Radkc, rate expert for commission, explained that the rail- roads were granted the same In- A sampling of the price Inches where the normal Is 21. state cities by The Associated Rochester, in the south, has shov- in Press indicated that pi-Ices ol other food products were remaining level at least for the present. Flour, sugar and canned goods were ex- ceptions. Most food dealers agreed that full effects of last week's break in commodity prices would not be felt on a retail level until the latter part of this at all. cled out from under 2D Inches, com- pared with a normal of 22; Wlnona, 2D.6 Inches, and Worthlngton, In the southwest, has had 24 inches. Nor- mal there Is 14. Duluth's three month's fall was 27 inches, an inch above normal, and La Crossc, on Minnesota's Southeastern border has had 23 inches, exactly normal. Andresen Asks Name of Man Who Made in Break Representative August H. Andresen (B.-Mlnn.) said today hv lin.-i nsltort of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson for the name of a man who sold bushels of wheat short and made during last week's market break. Andresen is chairman of a special House committee investigating market speculation. His said Secretary Anderson told a news conference Monday that he knows the name of the trader. The man is not a government official, Anderson said. "We want to know, and I have asked the secretary, if the trader had inside Andresen said. "On a transaction like that he must have had a margin of close to and It looks like he knew in advance what was going to happen." Anderson declined to tell report- ers the name of the short trader. a complete standstill after filling the Cln- harbor shore-to-shore Tons of ice, above, Jammed aBainst this towboat on the Oh o river at ferry3; downstream from Cincinnati The tow and the barge barely visible at left, were locked, securely In crushing Ice. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) A. Two Million Cost Seen St. Paul Otto Radke, rate expert for the stato rail- road and warehouse commission, estimated today that freight rate increases Rrontcd to mil- roads and truckllncs operating In the state would cost Minne- sota shippers about a year. creases on MinnenotJi rates as authorized by the Inter- state Commerce commission on In- terstate traffic. On coal, however, the railroad and warehouse commission granted only a ten-cents per ton increase, net or gross. The Interstate commission had allowed 20 cenU per ton net and 22 cents per ton on coal'. On livestock, the istnte granted n ten per cent increase as compared with the I.C.C. boost on livestock of 20 per cent. The minimum on less tnan col-load shipments Is set in tins state order at as against In the federal order. In addition, the commission or- der provides there will be no in- creases in switching charges whlcn exceed per car. The order pro- vides Increases on cool become ef- fective on a date- concurrent with. a date authorized by the Wiscon- sin public service commission. explained this will eliminate confu- sion at the head of the laJces. be- cause half the coal shipped in Is received at Duluth, Minn., and remainder at Superior, WIs. The effective date for increased rates on grain and grain products was set for February 25. This done at the request of the Minne- apolis traffic association. Before the commission approved the orders by a two to one Chase characterized the as "Improper and Illogical" Insofar as tho rates lor truckers are con- cerned. by Bob Hop. have made mayor of that beautiful land of make-believe where the sun and the sky and the aand run barefoot through your money And I do mean Palm Sprinicn. certainly a treat honor they have bcntowed upon me and I'm Indeed proud to accept It, In fact, my first act an major will be to reduce the taxci on my house down there. The of Palm Spring are no xuxplclouit, though I waxn't in office two before a committee walked In, pointed an accusing flnccr at me and vaid, "Turn in your grain, you're through." Ax mayor I'm dolnr in a biff way and you have Men the looks of Kurprlxc when I jravc every girl in town a key to the city hall. Running a town like Palm isn't easy. The first thine I did was replace tbe po- lice commlnploner, fire chief and tax inspector In fact. It's the time in years my relative! have been working. What a thrill it Is to be the head executive of a town. When I walk into a place, everyone greeu me and I can have any- thing I want I keep telling them.. But I'm not going to be drunk wltli power or lose my head. No. I'm going to be a hard- working, dignified servant of the people and if you don't believe mo It says so on. my neon, chest.