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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 6, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER flMllnlkprt cold wurniff FM IS COMING your new radio can Ik Full Leased Wire NeVi Report of The Atiociated Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 47. NO. 298 1 MATTER OF FACT Passage OfE.RP. Forecast WINONA. MINNESOTA. FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 6. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES l Aluop WK.hlnjtton Antuto political bcttora enulft do worw thnn got K ilttln moiiry ilnwn on com- t.rdiMlw fin th" riu'tivnry tirmirnm tx'lwriMi tin- iidmltiliitrntioii nnd liif Mrnnto follow- rtl by nulck con- itreMtonnl nation. Krrretnry M n r- dhnll RlronKly rtlMncllnrrt to up- to thn coun- try. without which X.R.r.'n congres- sional prospects or proved. Truman Imn mnU-rlnlly the eonftreMlonnl munition, by the whole peculiar school .uprcmncy a compromise would not uve the lUU'.'s Imeon, It wojilfl nine. nave Hi" poltUcnl Ime.on of thn two AS to tho niiturp of this compromise. It would be broadly Ihnt which WKH outlined In ihta HBO. won d nomewnnt bly by mH.e.Ing from IS to 12 months the period for which mrmpy I., to br "PPfOprlntec At the name time. Senator Arthur H, Vnnclenheric nnd hln rorelftn relu- tlonn pommlttPB would rndornc KK.P. Secretary Marshall would chime in wlih hln npprovul. Thpn. after r.r election, if thP Initial nppro- priation of hud proved nderiu thp KU.I'. ndmlnl.itralor would to thr IIPW Congress for n cloflcloiioy appropriation. The virtue or defects of this Mlbln compromise nro much lorn impelling. in the proiwnt BlUintlon, thnn political expediency, To be cwdr about It. political expediency will control the decision Of nil Par- ties to thn bargain. TIIK ClHJCIAli point U. must nitrco In order to agreement on n eompromliifl at nil In other words, the Stain de- partment Is unlikely to approve tiny departure from tho orlxlnnl Ifl.BOO.- 000 000, 18-month mithorlviixtlon from KJI.P. unless Sonntor Vnndon- can deliver not merely himself and his committee but tho Congress us wholo. Including the bulk ol the Isolationists. Tho conKrcsuloniU isolationists are unlikely to reduce their clPmnmM. unless n round-robin etit puts overjrono In tho bont. with nomn show of con- .n to thorn. And Senator Vnn- dpnbprK is unlikely to tnko thr first hnck nt K.Uf. unless Secretary Marshall KOOS untl tho Isc- Inllonlsts ulonK too. This kind of circular negotiation nmong men divided by mutual dis- trust, Is nlwny.H tho most difficult Thew fncts miiko nn Immndlnto EJl.P, eomproml.in im attractive bet (and It is only Negotiations have nctunlly beer started by Senator Vnndonborg: ul parties to tho negotiations have nearly equal bnrwalnlnK power. It u to everyone's Interest that the negotiations should succeed. The tmrKi'lnlnK power of the Stnto department Is the lenst nppnrcnt beciiiisii It Is loriK-rnngc. Nono tho Irvi. it entirely clear to Senator knows tho facts of the world Mtimllon. A major Ucjuibllcitn-led on.ilnUKht iigitlnxt K U 1'., seriously Impairing the bill's usefulness, will almost ce.rtnlnly muse .irrlous political rrprrctmslonn In Western Kinope. Tho effects on the coming campaign may Market Declines Meet Resistance Youth, 24, Kills Mother Truman Plans With Hammer, Then Smiles F.B.I. Gestapo, Senator Says Lloyd navld Slefker. 24. left. Indianapolis, surrendered to pollen In Cincinnati today. He told Detective Sergeant Wllllnm Burke right how he "killed my mother with n hammer in Indianapolis Wednesday." (A.P. Wlrophoto to Tho Republican-Herald.) few hours U. S. Navy Plans Giant Flattop For Big Planes Washington (fll Planes big onouRh to carry atomic bombs may bo able to operate from a giant new American aircraft carrier. Tho proposed addition Of a mammoth flattop and eight other experimental warcraft to tho nation's nrsonnl of now weapons was first hinted at n month IIKO by President Truman. Tho President proposed In his budget message to Congress thnt Which would have gone Into ships now on tho be used Instead to build fighting craft of "advanced design." It remained, however, for Secre- tary of thn Navy Sullivan to pro- vide the still sketchy details of what those ships will look like. And Sullivan made another dis- closure: tho hopes for guided mis- sile- development are somewhat nhoncl of accomplished fact. Therefore tho navy Is stowing nwny. for n time, Its plans for con- verting the. hulls of two big battle wagons into guided missile launch- Ing craft, Construction work on the battU'.ihlp Kentucky nnd the battle cruiser Hawaii will be postponed Indefinitely. Sullivan .steered a cautious course at his news conference Thursday concerning tho Intended use of the the announcement fol- big currier, few WMks a statement u by Admiral Chester Mimiiz, rcuruu imnitined. If I're.Mtle t Truman lhat the nble to point to a I'.i rope In wlu bullcl cnrrlcrs capable of rirocDw of being gobbled up hnmh cnnrv- ftepiibllenii.n for this development. .Senator VaiidenberK therefore wants Secretary Marshall's concurrence, In hiiy major K.lt.I'. ermriKO. from u lower as well 11.1 a higher motive. TIIK motive, of course, IB the fuel that If Keeri'tnry Mnr- Mmll ronriirs In the. change, thn Kiiropeuiin will rn-nnMircd thnt K.It.l1. been materially Im- .torn bomb carry. The projected now vessel will bo thr flush-deck type. EUilllvnn mild only thnt bigger and aircraft wlll be designed to IndlanapolU after the battered body of Mrs. Corn Lee Slofker had been found In her home here, her 34-year-old son, Lloyd, told s. Cincinnati police- man he had Wiled mother. The son, Lieutenant Williams Burks said, telephoned police head- quftrters from the Drake hotel In Cincinnati and said he "wonted to be arrested." Slofker WM taken to police head- quarters whero.-Detectlve Chief Clem Merz Ulked to him. Mere said the young man, grin- ning broadly, told of beating his mother with a hammer as she lay in bed In her home. why did you kill your Merz said he asked Slofkor, nnd the young man replied: "I had no rca- Mcrz said Slefkor told of having received a medical discharge from tho army nnd of having received trcntment in Veterans admin- istration hospital for mental pa- tients at Marlon, Ind., and In hospital at Canaralgun, N. Y. The slaying occurred about 4 m., Wednesday, according to Sicf- Tho body of the 55-year-old wo- man, who had been employed in B downtown department store as a seamstress, was found Thursday night by another son, Glenn Slel- kcr, and his wife. They went to tho home after being called by a neighbor who noticed Wednesday and Thursday newspapers untouch- ed on the Slefkcr porch. Merz snld the young man, with no display of remorse, told of hav- ing planned since lost October to kill his mother. snld ha could get no rational explanation of the slaying. paired. The lowrr motive Is to siifo- fly from the blgKcr carrier. Ho did not specify types. Ills rcforcnco to faster aircraft MiKKtvitwl Jet-powered plunen. In addition to i.ho crirrloni. Slulllvnii nald the navy Intends, if Congress approved, to build four ,_____ submarines capable of high speed Hiwrcl thr Hfpulillcim party from wnnu ,mbmerKcd and presumably future ml.iftirlune In the election, with Oormnn-dovolopcd deriving from disasters nbrondi enabling them to remnln which would drive homo to tho water for long periods rlcrtorntn thr folly of tho Ilcptlbtl- can l.iolntlonlsls, AH for Senator Vutulonborg, his bargaining power vis-a-vis tho State department obvloun, If, itt any momprit, hr chooses to tell tho tin- purtment, "Tliln lit the absolute bfldl 1 CUM iho drpiirr.ment must Rccept whiit hp NU.VN. l.lilt Vnnclon- bert; iildo bnrKiilnliiK power with mm like. Benutor Robert A, Tiifi., who do not nt yrt umlcmtnncl HIP poHtlnil (lyimmltn with which they urn plnyiiiK abroad. I-lllt they clriirly mulei-stand the dangor ut homo of n party split on u big IKXUB In nn election yctif, Thoy havo KlKnlflcd this understanding by In- dicating already that any com- promise thnt wlll navo tholr fncnn will be. entirely to tholr tnMoti, Final- ly, thn bnrKitlnliiK power of Iho Isolationists derives from tho fact thnt In tho present chiiotlc, Incka- (tnlMral they can do K.It.r. excPPdtiiKly serloim clnmago If they hnvp n mind to. It can DP dinted that thono down- to-eurth consideration.'! havo al- ready been reviewed by Senator Vniidrnborg nnd Secretary Mnr- fthiill'ii representatives. Tim likeli- hood of compromise now turns on one simple tiuetslon. Cnn Scnntor VandenbcrR be reasonably .turo of prompt affirmative notion on imy plan ho nnd Mar- shall's men work out? If ho. can of- fer this nssiirntice, tho betting will chango to cxjds-on. L. secretary of tho Flanna Fail (government said today Prime Min- ister Enmon do Valora of Eire lost his Dall (Parlia- ment) majority by a slim mar- gin In Wednesday's general elec- tion. Bitter Battle on Civil Rights Hits New Pitch Washlnrton The bitter Democratic fond over civil rights hit n now pitch lodny. Senator Riehnrd B. Buwicll iD.-dn.) con- tended thnt President Truman Is planning an F.B.I. "gestapo" to oreak down race segregation in the South. Russell told a reporter the South s revolt; against tho PrenldeiH'N call for now measures to knock clown racial "is more serious than any I have seen In my lifetime. This is true, the Georgian said, because southern Democrats have Interpreted tho President's demand for an end to Jim Crow laws on trains and buses as tho opening! wedge In a fight to halt all race segregation, Would Attend Same Thnt could mean, he said, Neg- roes and whiten would attend tho same schools, fiwim in the same pools, eat together and. eventually, Intermarry. "The President has made tho flat declaration that hn comildnrn nnKru- gatlon to bn discrimination and n. violation of civil Russell declared. "Ho wants to set up a commission and hire a lot of law- yers to fight segregation wherever It exists. "He ordered tho Federal Bu- reau of Investigation to work with the department of civil rights divl-1 slon and says It Is giving aro plan- ning iin nuto iihow for hot In Anoint nnd, for any other blr upectacle, they will pick a queen. She will be known Hypoed of Hot rod Callfor- amiwer to over popula- tion. They arc going to unow that go up to a hundred. Of course, they will have the that fly at only 50 feet. The the down to and the new really go to There la v> lit- tle body left, the only way they can keep the raccoon tall up to hnvo a raccoon run In front of the One feature of the show will be n pedestrian-hitting content. There will be judging In the following- KTOUpn: Ricochet end over end uplral and jackknlfe. All will be pennllicd ten for hooking or HllclnK. I will hate to to that beonuie It will be awfully stuf- fy. will fall apart If they turn on tho air condi- tioning, Hot are driven only by younr and naturally Croiby one. Of course, be- fore he could buy H he had to get permlnlon from father, Dine. A hot-rodder once took me for a ride. I didn't know If we were Kolnff but I said to him "What did we Ju.it ho "that no building That wai Long Beach." A Trailer Rlirht to sell ten lots'oTs.OOO bushels cnch with hand signals in the wheat pit of the Chicago Board of Trade Thursdny a.i grains broke the limit, reaching new low levels on the spectacular downturnL which got under way lute last month. Another trader, left, also uses hand (A.P. Resigned U.M.W. Trustee Says Agreement Possible But Lewis Won't Budge New little more give and take is all that's needed to break the deadlock over a plan for bituminous miners' pensions says Thomas E. Murray, who recently resigned as impartial trus- tee of the United Mine Workers' pension fund. And, he adds, breaking that deadlock will avoid any threat of a Ing morn or less than an P.B.I, gcstapo to break down race segre- gation in the South." Other Russell's charge highlighted these other developments: 1. Chairman Robert A. Toft (R.- Ohio) called the Senate Republican policy committee together today to pick a spot on the legislative sched- ule for an. expected battle with filibustering southerners over one or more civil rights measures. 3, Senator Joseph Ball predicted Congress will pass no anti-job discrimination bill with enforcement provisions. Ball voted "no" when Senate labor com- mittee approved such a measure Thursday, seven to five. 3. spread that Governor Piclding L. Wright of Mississippi would move at a Tallahassee, Fla.. meeting of southern governors today to have them Issue a call for nn "Independent" Democratic conven- tion to split away from Mr. Truman. 4. A Democratic official said the party's national committee will "sit tight" to see what happens before It charts its course. Youth Killed When Revolver Discharges Bed Lake Donovan Krause, 17, was killed Thursday night when a revolver he and a 15- year-old companion were cleaning discharged accidentally. The bullet struck the youth In the heart. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Krausc. Weather FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and continued cold tonight; lowest In tho zero, slightly no- low in the country. Increasing clou- diness and slightly warmer Satur- day with occasional light snow in the afternoon or nt nlffht; high- est 22, Minnesota Mostly Light local snows Saturday and south por- tion tonight. Not quite so cold south portion tonight becominK colder northwest portion Saturday, cool strike, ;ays that John L. Lewis, _f the U.M.W., refuses to from Ills first proposal. Hi: adds that Ezra Van Horn, spokesman for the mine operators, is not In agreement with Lewis, but fails to offer an alternative. Lewis, Van Horn and Murray were the throe trustees charged with establishing a miners' pension with rules of eligibility and amounts of payment. Murray resigned his trusteeship on January 6, Pie gave as his reason the "un- compromising attitude" of the other members. Outlines Situation Murray outlined the situation In an Interview today. The pension fund was provided for in the 1347 agreement between bituminous coal miners and oper- ators. The agreement did not es- tablish rules or procedure. That was the task of the trustees and n. majority vote at the board was necessary, Under the 1947 agreement, Mur- ray said, pensions are provided for "members of the United Mine Work- ers, or their families, or their de- pendents, or such other persons as may be proper." He described the provision as too broad and Indefinite. In drawing up rules or procedure, he said, Lewis wanted a pension plan based on monthly payments of payable to miners 00 years of age or over, after 20 years or more ol service.' Greek Navy Unidentified Subs Attacked and Sunk Greek navy ministry today ordered IU war- ships -to attack and sink all uni- dentified In Greek territorial watcrm. The order followed the report- ed of two (trance submarines. Troop and supply now are bclnr escorted by and corvettes equipped with depth charges. McCarthy Says Countries Resell Food From U. S. Belolt, Joseph R. McCarthy (R.-Wis.) com Thursday night "food we have shipped to foreign nations is not Objects to Lewis Plan Murray said that his objection to the Lewis plan is that it is not con- sistent with the contract. He added that It is too indefinite and leaves the possibility of too broad an in- terpretation for the basis of an Interim agreement. Under It, he said, the exact pen- sion rights of- the miners arc ob- scure. In its place, Murray recommended a plan which he described as a fair and reasonable fulfillment of the 1D47 contract. Murray's proposal would reveal, on nn experimental basis, the exact number of pension applicants for cloudiness the year UMB, Mnceju Ol and west central portions by Sat- urday morning and continuing over most of state Saturday. Not quite so cold south and slightly colder north central portions tonight. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 18; minimum. -4; noon, IB; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at EXTENDED FORECASTS Wisconsin and Minnesota: Tem- peratures will average 7 to H de- grees below normal. Normal maxi- mum, 20 degrees northern to 36 southern. Normal minimum, one deprce northern, 17 southern. Sub- normal temperatures continuing throughout period with no marked fluctuations. Precipitation light and spotty, with some light snow south- ern sections tonight and Saturday, and again around Tuesday. A few snow flurries or very brief light .snows occasionally throughout pe- riod north portion. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free. Bemidji 9 -13 Chicago 26 8 Denver 25 0 DCS Moincs 20 fi JDUluth IB 6 'International Falls 5 iKansas City 24 19 Los Angeles 56 42 D 'Miami........ 76 70 iMpls.-St. Paul !New Orleans 77 G6 JNeW York 28 24 Seattle 38 24 Phoenix GO 47 I Washington 28 25 0 jReglnn I Winnipeg -23 tronctive to January 1. Two Jews Killed in Sniping Battle Jerusalem Pollco said two Jews were killed today In the sniping battle between Tel Aviv and Jaffa. An Arab was wounded. Late Bulletins Syracuse, N. year-old Mrs. Margaret Trait Walker gave birth to her sec- ond set of live triplets today at Syracuse General hospital. The American Medical associa- tion said this was the first such case on its records. Washington The Na- tional Petroleum council up- pointed a committee from the oil Industry tod.iy to help re- lieve fuel oil shortages in 15 midwcstcrn states including Minnesota and Wisconsin. 83-year- old Milwaukee man burned to death today when he collapsed while trylntr to flee from his naming cottage. Firemen who hurst Into the smoke-filled dwelling found the charred body of Edward Podgraskl. Interpretation Of Grain Market Break Given My William FrrrlK most Import- ant thing to understand about the grain market break is that it is not a brief sideshow. It has been go- Ing on for two-and-onc-half weeks. Only In the past two days has the retreat deteriorated Into n. rout. Most grains reached their highs on January 16. In the cose of com and oats, prices thut day were nt record peaks. That was a Friday. The following day a slight slump developed. During the next week ending January market eased, but there was no spectacular drop. Wheat fell about seven cents, corn five cents and oats three cents tor the week. Last week the decline accelerated. More Important. It was noted that every time the market attempted to rally it ran into increased selling. Prices then, slumped again, set- tine a series of new lows. Corn and oats were weakest, corn losing as much as 13 cents for the week in the May contract. The current week started with slight decline on Monday. But the next day corn again developed in- dependent weakness, dropping 3% to 6% cents bushel. Corn Dlntnrblnr The weakness in corn was dis- turbing. It had been the strong- est grain for the past few months. Now, commission houses reported some selling of corn futures was coming from the country dealers and feed manufacturers who held given to starving is giv- en to governments which sell our nelp and pocket the money." He declared the American people should look further Into the Mar- shall plan before giving it all-out approval, and asked: "How much good will will our aid create? "How will this distribution of bil- lons of American dollars weaken this It, was reasoned these interests were hedging the cash corn they is, selling futures in case there should be any price decline. They had not done that for more than a year. They had held cosh corn unhedged, certain they need not worry about a price drop. The fact these interests were hedging Indicated their customers were backing away from prices at (Continued on 7. Column 1) INTERPRETATION Wheat Drops 10-Cent Limit But Recovers Stock Holding Own; Butter Firm New York The headlorm plunge ol commodity prices showed signs of touching at Icnst tem- porary bottom today. Wheat futures RRain reached tile maximum decline or ten ccnu ft bushel but found enough, buying to recover slightly. Com skidded the dally limit of eight cents for the third straight day. Oats were down a lesser amount. Some bulniioo came back Into tho iitock murkftt, when) prices held Just about even. Cotton futures after dropping heavily recovered to show narrow gains nt noon on the New Yortc exchange. Encourered The erratic movements of com- modities other than grains lent encouragement to analysts who see this week's break In the price front as a. healthy adjustment rather than n. definite change In direction. Vegetable oils were among London Break irovern- ment were firm UxUr but other Mcurltlei on the London exchiuice. broke mhnrply, follow- Inc the trend ol on Amer- ican stock uid commodity mar- keU. Market Mid trad- looklne to United gtmtn nnanclal for a lead, feared the powibUlty of a world- wide deflationary movement. showing further declines on wholesale markets. The butter firmed somewhat New York, ajid tallow and grease atoo were slightly higher. The commodity markets closely watched by those seeking to determine If the upward spiral In the cost of living might be at an end. Whether the housewife eventually would pay less for a loaf of bread or a cotton dress depended on one prime factor: whether the break in prices la a flash In the pan or a decisive turn Jn the inflation road. The answer may come in next few days. In wholesale food and raw ma- terial markets lower prices posted for such key items as flour, lard, hogs, cattle, lamb, grains. sugar, rubber and linseed oiL New Low Noted The Associated Press average of 35 such commodities dropped to a low since November 6. Less than a month ago the index had soared to a record high. Today's flgurs of 1975 <1928 equals 100) compared with the 1941 high of 95 reached soon after Pearl Harbor. Many observers saw a basic In topheavy grain prices, swollen out of proportion to supply and demand. A Tree In Rnssla London An estimated four billion saplings will be planted In the western regions of the Soviet union as part of a rive-year plan for large scale forcstatlon, Tass re- ported. The dispatch said new trees would cover approximately Newspapers Try Electronic Photo-Engraving Machines A New Electronic Photo engraving machine, top, was demon- nlanr. of the Bergen Evening Record, Hackensack, N. J., stratcd at the plant of the Bergen Evening-------_. one of the 26 newspaper plants where the machine is being tested. A Dlostic halftone cut produced by the machine is Inspected, bottom, by EMB HoUistcr! left, of Fairchild Camera Instrument Company, G Jr., center, from whom Fairchild acquired some of the patent and Donald G. Borg, editor of Bergen Evening Record. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Hackenuick. N. J. Cul- minating a century of development, a new electronic photo engraving machine which automatically pro- duces "cuts" from which pictures arc printed Is on trial In three New York area newspapers. One of the new machines was shown at the offices of the Bergen Evening Record- here by the Fair- child Camera nnd Instrument Cor- poration of New York, which pro- duced it. Others are at the News- day at Hempstcad, N. Y., and Rldgcwood Herald-News, Twenty-three other test engrav- ers arc being Installed, but general production Is not i-xpocted to bo under way until July, The new engraver was acclaimed by publishers who saw the demon- stration as economical and a spur to Increase use of pictures in news- papers, particularly smaller news- papers without conventional photo- chemical engraving plants. The machines will rent for a month, and Fairchild docs not plan to sell.them outright, The engraver produces only half- tones, not line cuts. The test ma- turn out 65-scrccn engrav- ings. Laboratory models producB cuts of better than 100-screcn. An operator can learn to produca photo-engravings on the electronic machine in "a few the firm reports. After being loaded with A picture and the plastic material on which the engraving is made, then adjusted, the machine func- tions automatically. The Fairchild engraver turns out cuts at the top rate of four square inches a minute. It wlll produce the maximum size engraving It will ac- indies in 18 minutes, The new engraver produces cn- (Continued on Tare 7. Column ELECTRONIC
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