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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 30, 1948, Winona, Minnesota                                w EATHER initlfhl nn4 FM IS COMING Be mire your new ndlo can rccein 1C Full Wire Report of Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of .VOLUME 47. NO. 292 MATTER OF FACT Changes In Franc Alarming H.r Jmrph ami w'Mlilnjtuin To tiny sensible American, tho devaluation of the Xrrnch frano must sepm M remote Bnd without rnrnacp to vis as was thr eruption of Krakalou. The rvrnts I" Paris arc regarded with drrp alarm, how- ever. In tlin small circle of men In Washington who iindrr.nand Mich trilrmii. Tliry nrp ronslrtcrrd likely, In fuel, to prt'.iauc Tim morr Kdirritl and iniicli t-ruvrr economic) troubles, ir the way that a distant clrum-rol of thunder prcsagM the storm. Tho Immediate practical effects which nre most feared are out- brnik of competitive devaluation nmorot the other European curren- and a, simultaneous drylnfc UP of t'ho channels of trade. Tho slKns nlrrady point that wuy. The Del- clun.M. for iwimplr. nro even now known to bo consIdorlrtK following thr French, with a devaluation o the IKilKlan franc, And the Hrltlsn whose position Is most seriously nre nlso Known to be ronsidcrinK thr. French to pitv In for tholr more Impor- tant purrhasrs In areas under Bri- tish control. The American the Brl trra.nury and the International monetary fund lire orKimlxInK them- drives to iivrrt the worst of these dixnaers. Tint while such lenders In the effort us Cumllle Quit, the nblo nnd couriiKcous miuwKer of Hie monetary fund, do thrlr best to put A bold fure on thr situation, they clearly feel no nssuruncp of success Umial In Moni-Urr Grimm, the nourcp of the mnlii danger Is highly tpchnlcul. As jiart of Us devaluation plan the Krrnrh government hns Insisted on c.-ttablWilnK In Purls o frrr market for the dollar other hard currencies, In this mar- ket, the dollar Is considered likely to sell, Initially, for from 300 to 400 francs. At the time, the French have established the official rate of 314 francs to the dollar at the Hank of France, tind they hsvr placed proportional official MINNESOTA. FRIDAY EVENING. JANUARY 30. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES ratrs on the other European cur- rrnclr.i. Thus thr pound sterllnR whlrh is officially worth n fraction ovrr will he dralt In by tho Bank of Franco at H03 francs to the pound. Hut. anyonr holding dollars can will on thr free, market for 38.000 francs (or And hr. can francs to get over 4C pounds ntrrlln.it at tho Bank o( rrancr, Instead of thr. 26 pounds he would havr got by changing his dollars for sterllnK directly. Thr rral vahm of tho pound Id thus undrrmlnrd, nnd so will be the rral valur of rvrry other soft cur- rrncy In Kurope, When confidence In values Is thus attacked, hardly any form of currency controls, how- rvrr r.trlct, can prevent flights from ttw r.urrrnclr.i which arn ondanuer- rd. Furthermore, n trader can buy roods In London with his cheap French poundn and sell the same goods In Nrw York for dollars, with M clrar profit of ovrr 80 per oent. This kind unhealthy trading will naturally trnd to replace normal rommrrcr, ulnco It will offer a safer, quicker rrturn. And thus tho kind of situation may arlw which led to tho great crisis of the rarly thirties, that drove tho British to take sterling off gold, and was the rral cauw of putting Hitler In the Urlch chancellory, These am tho reasons, very crude- ly stated, why both competitive- de- valuation and a breakdown of nor- mal trade are so feared In Europe, Thrsr are thr reasons, also, why tho experts of thr International mone- tary fund, and thn representatives of the Iirlilsh and American troas- urlr.i, have pleaded with tho French during recent days at least to abiindnn the free market feature of thrlr devaluation plan, t.'nrtrr Thr t'lrcumjiUnoM, It Is prrtlnrnt to note that American leadership has shockingly failed in vital matter. The French hinted to Secretary of thn Treasury John Uriydrr a.i long ago as last Septem- ber that they had something of the sort In mind. Thry officially In- formrd our Treasury of their Inten- tions morr than a fortnight ago, long before they let tho British In on the secret, Either the significance of what was afoot was not understood by the American or the Am- rrlrnn.t simply failed to make up Gandhi Killed by Assassin Three Missing in Vermont Fire Wreckage of U.o. transport Plane Sighted IIorillcl') Wage Agreement Drawn at Kahler; Strike Averted HoehenUr. Minn. strike threatening three hospitals and two hotels here was averted early today wheh reprooerrtatlYeir-of "the C.I.O. United Public Building Workers union accepted a In- crease of seven cents an hour. Tho union represents about 800 workers employed in the Kfthlcr hotel, which provides space for. some patients, the Worrnll hospital, tho Colonial hospital, the Zumbro hotel, tho Damon hotel and the Franklin heating plant. Tho union had asked for a 15 cents an hour Increase. A fact-finding comml.Hslon which in- vestigated the dispute on orders from Governor Luther Youngdahl recommended a wage Increase of six cents an hour. The ncttlemcnt was reached n.t a mooting of representatives of the union and thn corporation with Stato Labor Conciliator Leonard Johnson and Assistant Conciliator Hurry Hanson. A union meeting s expected to bo called soon to pass upon tho proposal. The mooting started Thursday nlfjht and ended about 4 a. m, to- IRV In preparation for the Sunday night strike deadline, hospital of- ficials had arranged to transfer patients to St. Mary's hospital. Earlier A.F.L, union offlolnl.s had said thoir members would picket lines if the C.I.o. building workers walked out. St. Altaani, women nnd one man were reported miss- ing and 12 persons were injured today when a sudden blare destroy- ed the Jesse Wclden Inn, forcing 100 guests to flee, some of them by Jumping out windows, Into 10-be- low-zero cold: Fire Chief R. H. Sweeney said firemen wore unable to get Into the smoking wreckage In a noorch for bodies. There was confusion to survivors because .the hotel regls- The weri dliolosed after a check with hotel employes, the chief Origin of the flames was unde- termined. Damage was estimated at more than Several of- the nearly 100 guo.tts In the five-story 78-room hotel es- caped by beating, their way through flames or leaping from windows In- to 16-below zero temperatures. The St. Albans city hospital nnid that 12 persons, six' suffering from burns, had been admitted for treat- ment. their minds, Al any rate, tho American Intervention to the French to change their plan materialized only nt thn very last mltuitp. A strong American protest B fortnight ago would almost cer- tainly have been effective. When the protest was made, the French were committed, and It was too Inf. The worst of It Is that this tardl- new and Indecision probably fore- shadow the Washington reaction to the trouble which may woll bo ahead. Kxcept for the French ex- iirrts. no CHIP sec'in.i to expect what ha.-, been done to benefit Franco In the long run. If the bottom drops out of thp vnlun of tho franc In the Tree market, Franco too will nuffnr. Meanwhile, a European monetary crisis may well occur, may Mirrad outward Into the, rest of thn world, nnd may become a general economic crisis. Yet with these titorms quite possible ahead, and cerium, If they come, to rock and batter u.s as well as every one else Grain Control Request Looms As Heated Issue Tru- man's demand for control of grain used by distillers put congressional Republicans on a political hot spot Benin O.O.P, members admitted privately that Mr, Truman had used ,hnlr own anti-Inflation law to ma- neuver them Into a squeeze between ho drys and the wets Their plight is this: Kentucky, thick with distilleries, Is a doubtful state In this year's presidential election, The West Kansas, for Instance has a lot of drys who don't think grain ought to go Into whiHky at any time. Thn anti-Inflation law passed nt the 1017 special session gave the President power to parcel out grain for distilling until January urday. Tho Senate voted to extend this power to February 20, But the Mouse banking committee killed that bill Monday. Under tho anti-Inflation law the distillers could still got together with the Agriculture department and agroo to cut down on tholr use of grain, Thny could agree how to split up what they do use. Man Conceals From Wife, Self which he sttccossfully concealed from his wife, apparently caused Martin Stops, BB, to take his life In a plunge down an elevator shaft Thursday. A note on the dead man's body directed the finder to look in the fruit collar of his home. There do- ______ _. h.itchc'i of our own ship nrcj toctlvn.i found another note which biittenrd down, and thn Ilfn-irmul: "f couldn't. Htand the pain hiivo not itceti provisioned for any longer. I think I havu con- xurnpllon." 25 Persons Hurt When Passenger Train Derailed Orallala. Neb. All 18 cars and one of three power units of the crack Union Pacific City of San Francisco streamliner were derailed 12 miles cast of here early today. Twenty-five persons were Injured seven seriously- enough to require hospltalizntion here. A hospital spokesman said none of the Injured was in critical condition. C. R. Roblson, the railroad's sta- tion agent at nearby Pnxton. Neb., said the site of the accident Is n "nice' straight stretch of track whore the streamliners usually re- cover speed." Five of the Pullmans, a diner, and two on their sides or leaning. Ambulances and doctor were sent to the scene from North Plattc, Nob., 28 miles to the cast. A sev- en-car special train was sent from Omaha to pick up the uninjured among the 214 passengers re- turn them to Omaha. Apparently a broken wheel on one of the power units wan the cause of the accident, a railroad spokesman said. The accident tied up both cost and west traffic on the Union Paci- fic's main line. Derrick crows were dispatched from North Platye, and Cheyenne, Wyo., to clear the wreck- age away. Note Withdrawal Gets French Approval ParU Both houses of France's legislature approved to- day the government's bill withdraw- ing all notes from cir- culation. The ministry announced that everyone holding the franc-notes will be repaid. The an- nouncement said the operation was not "an expropriation." An official source had Indicated Thursday that some of the bills might be confis- cated as a blow at the black market If holders could 'not explain their possession. Premier Robert Schuman's dras- tic money program, cleared another hurdle when the council of the re- public ratified by a vote of 107 to 120 the bill abolishing the 6.000- franc note as tender. Earlier the national assembly approved the bill 308 to 288 after an all-night de- bate. The premier had staked the life of his two-month-old coalition cabinet on his program. About of the notes were in circulation, valued at at the new rate of 214 francs to the dollar. "There is not and will not be any withdrawal of othur notes of the Bank of the finance min- istry announced. N. Y. Students Get Benefit of Doubt in Test; and How! New York Parents of New York city high school students have protested that a recent state regents history exam was too tough for the youngsters. But difficulties posed by the test were taken Into considera- tion. Assistant Superintendent of School William A. Hamm Students were given the benefit of the doubt It they gave any sort or reasonable answers. For 'instance, Hamm explain- ed, if they were asked to name "two ancient spans" and replied "Anthony and they got full credit. Soviet Says U. S. Holding Russians As Prisoners By The Associated Preiui Russia protested to 'the United States on thrco counts today and from Indications, there wasn't going to be much American response. In Berlin, Marshal Vassily D. Sokolovsky, the Soviet military gov- ernor, charged today In n Soviet- published letter that 206 Soviet citizens arc Imprisoned in the U, S. yushkin, the Soviet ambassador in Washington, had sent n protest note to Secretary of State George C. Marshall Wednesday. In response, a high-ranking U. S. naval officer in Rome declared the charge was ridiculous. He said the visits wore "cleared through diplo- matic channels In each case." The operation follows a friendly prac- tice that has been in existence zone of Germany. He demanded their Immediate release. long aw ships hove sailed the Thirty of them, the letter he added, nre under sentence of death. The third issue widening the The letter was dated. January 23 and addressed to General Lucius D. Clay. American military governor, who declared he did not receive it. In London, the Moscow radio diplomatic gap between the United States and Russia, Is the reopening of the American air field at Mcl- laha In North Africa. It was reported in Washington was reported as saying today that; that a note to Moscow is expected Russia has formally charged the United States with violating tho Italian peaco treaty by sending U. S. wurnhlps to Italian ports, The broadcast Alexander S. Pan- to reject Russia's protest against the reopening. The Mellaha nil' finlrl IK nubiklc Tripoli in the former Italian colony of Libya. Former Sparta, Woman, Children Believed Aboard Frankfurt, U. S. air force headquarters reported to- day the sighting of plane wreckage In the lower French Alps, and said another plane, presumably a B-17 in the search party, had crashed 20 miles east of the wreckage. The first plane was believed to be a DC-3 transport which disappeared Tuesday while en route from France to Italy. It carried three American women and five children, dependents of U, S. soldiers In the Trieste area. A former Sparta, woman and her three children reportedly were aboard the DC-3 plane but, no offi- cial word had been received in Hparta today by her relatives. Mrs. Carl Smith said her daugh- ter, Mrs. Glfford Moak, had sailed with the children from New York January 5 to Join Wan-ant Olllccr Moak In Trieste. The children were listed as Glf- ford, Jr., five; a girl, three, and an- other girl, Verna, 18 months. The Moaks lived in Worcester, N. Y. The wreckage of this twin-engined craft WHS sighted 12 miles northwest of Dignc, France, the air torc.c, head- quarters at Wiesbaden reported. One of the pilots in the search party said he had seen the second plane crash and explode. It appeared to him to be a flying fortress The air force announced the of three of the crew members of the missing DC-3 as: Earl E. Baskin of Florence, S. C, Co-Pllot Second Lieutenant Tcrrvel H. Trexler of Dunn. N. C. Crew Sergeant Don- ald L. Clmmers of Dumont, Iowa. Their wives live near the Rheiri- Maln airbase where the DC-3 was stationed. Tho name of a fourth crewman, was to be announced later. fieachers said there appeared to bo no lift about tho wreckage of the DC-3. British Believed on Loat Mohandas K. Gandhi Truman Declares Death of Gandhi Blow to World Watthlngton President Tru- man, srleved over the assassination of Mohandas K. Gandhi, today was said to regard the Indian leader's death as "a tragic loss to the whole world." Presidential Secretary Charles G. Ross thus described Mr. Truman's feelings upon hearing news of Gandhi's death. London 1'rlmc Minister Attlcr ix expected to appeal tonight to India and Pakistan to bury their in the crisis caused by the asmiNslnatlon of Mohandas K. Gandhi. A government official said almost anything might happen in India because of the shooting. The offi- cial, who spent many months In British service In India, said au- thorities there would have to move fast to keep the situation in hand. India's chief take Success delegate to the United Nations said today the assassination of Mohan- das K. Gandhi "is the biggest disas- ter which has overtaken our coun- Lry delegate, Gopalaswaml Ayyangcr. said: "I do hope the country will sur- vive even Oils enormous blow. There sufficient leadership yet in the country to pull it out of the gloom .nto which the mad miscreant's act Has thrown It." New Delhi police of- Sir Arthur Arthur Conlng- ham, British air hero of World War II, is believed to have been lost with 28 other persons today abroad a British commercial plane en route to Bermuda. This afternoon the plane was eight hours overdue at the Island outpost. British South American airways said hopes for its safety looked black, rhc ship was a British-made Tudor A dispatch from Bermuda said the plane was reported to have crashed 440 miles northeast of Bermuda and seven search planes were looking for the wreckage. Winonan Recalls Seeing Gandhi Mohandas K. Gandhi was recalled today as a little old man. dressed in a raggy white robe, walking with a small group of followers along n street In New Delhi, India, by Don Swcnson, Republican-Herald pho- tographer. "It was In Swenson, who was a photographer with-the 311th photo wing of the air force, said, 'and we were on a short leave in New Delhi, Just hiking about taking in the sights, when we saw a group of Hindus coming along the street. Inquiries revealed that Gandhi was among them. We stood and watch- ed the group. Gandhi was with about 50 of his followers. I stood about 50 feet away as they went by and took a couple of pictures of the group." The pictures with several others :akcn in New Delhi were later lost. "He was not of much interest to us at the Swenson added. Navy Butter at 18 Cents a Pound Oakland, Calif. The nnvy sold pounds of butler today at 18V-J cents a pound. But it was more than two years old. Returned recently from Snipnn, it was labeled by the Department of Agriculture as unfit for human consumption. A tallow company nought it. flclals wild tonight K. Gandhi was slain "for political rea- some persons did not ajree with his appeals against vio- lence." London Robert Sllmson, BBC correspondent, witnessed the assassination of Mohandas Gandhi. He cabled these impressions: "The shots did not sound very ,ucj they reminded me of fire- crackers. When they were fired, Gandhi fell back. "Immediately after this I saw some of Gandhi's entourage grap- pling with a heavy set man in a khaki bush coat. He had blood on him, no doubt from wounds in- flicted by his assailants." V New last person to whom Mohandas K. Gandhi spoke before he entered the Poona jail in 1032 was James A. Mills, widely traveled Associated Press re- porter. The first to trrci't him when hi: wan freed 17 months later wan Mills. Police Arrest Hindu After Three Shots Drop Indian Leader By G. Milton Kelly New Delhi Mohandas K. Gandhi was shot to death tonight by one of the Hindus he led to independence. The frail and wizened little political and spiritual leader was the target of three bullets fired at close range at his prayer meet- ing on the lawn or the sumptuous Blrla mansion, the estate of an Indian industrialist who long had supported Gandhi. He was 78. Police arrested the assassin immediately. They said only that he was a Hindu from Poona. He was held Incommunicado at po- lice headquarters. Sobbing bitterly, Gandhi's personal secretary. S. Kalyanam, told the Associated Press: "Bapu is dead." Bapu is the affectionate name for Gandhi, meaning father. To millions of his followers, he was known as Mahatma, or Grcat- Soulcd one. His lull name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Bystanders said Gandhi slumped forward as the third shot rang out. Ho seemed unconscious as he was carried to his quarters in Birla house. The secretary said death followed within a half hour. The assassin had mingled with the crowd at the prayer meet- ing. He was inconspicuous In khaki clothing which might have come from army surplus stores. Suddenly, It was said, he drew pistol and fired three times. A crowd of several hundred persons formed about Birla. house, many of them weeping. Death came less than a year after he achieved his life's mala goal of independence from Great Britain for the teeming sub- continent of India. Paradoxically, however, considered his tri- umph a failure India and her people were divided Into separate dominions of India (Hindu) and Pakistan The partition resulted in bloody, de- structive communal warfare be- tween Moslems on one side and Hin- dus and Sikhs on other. Fut Recently Ended It was In an effort to end the bloodshed that Oandhl undertook this month the last of his many fasts. After five days In which he threatened to starve himself to dentil, Gandhi broke his fast Jan- uary 18 on. the "pledge and coun- sel" of friends In both Be said they had assured him of "complete unbroken friendship" be- communities. During the tense days of his fast, some of the more militant shouted bitterly In the and before his HvlnR quarters: "Let Gandhi die." But there was every Indication that this was the view of a tiny minority, embittered by the com- munal warfare. Shortly after the fast, a, bomb exploded near by prayer meeting, also in the Birla mansion estate, but did no hfcrm. A Hindu was ar- rested. Some Hindus, their womenfolk violated in the communal upheav- als, had resented Gandhi's pleas lor peace with the Moslems. Too Weak to Walk Gandhi undertook the recent fast against the advice of his physi- cians. Ho went without food Jor live days. The effects of his gesture became noticeable at once. Peace, how- ever uneasy, settled over New Del- hi. Two days later, January 21, the bomb exploded near Blrla house, Gandhi asked police to be lenient witli the young Hindu who threw It. Even as he spoke, the Hindu spir- itual leader was too weak to walk from the effects of his long fast. Ho had been carried to that prayer mcctinR on n, chair. At one of hlK last prayer meet- ings a listener asked Gandhi to "Why, Mr. Gandhi ex- proclaim himself a reincarnation 'of God. Gandhi laughed. The speaker persisted and Gandhi, be- coming impatient, told him to sit down and be quiet. When he ended the fast, Gandhi said he was convinced that a pledge of harmony given him by Indian religious leaders would set the coun- try back on the rood to peace. Gandhi, London-educated, was ft lawyer by profession. From- Lon- don he went to South Africa to (Continued on 7, Column 6) GANDBI claimed, "If I should die and start to enter heaven, I should expect to sec you waiting to Interview me at the Mills died in 1942. Gundhl paid him a .special tribute. New Delhi Mohandas K. Gandhi said on his 78th birthday October 2: "With every brcnLh I pray God to Rive me strength to quench the flames (of communal strife in India) or remove me from this earth. "I, who staked my life to gain. India's In dependence, do not wish to be a living witness to its destruction." London Winston Churchill snid today of tho Gandhi assassina- tion "I nm shocked nt tills wicked crime." Churchill's seven-word statement was Issued through his Conserva- tive party's headquarters. Deadline for Plates on Cars Set for Feb. 10 St. had hot- ter have their 1048 license plates on their cars by February 10 if they wish to avoid trouble with the law. This warning was issued today by J. P. BeiiBlKon, director of the motor vehicle division. He said the factory has promised to deliver to the state the last of the new plates by early next week. Shortage of steel has delayed delivery of plates. -Enforcement officers, he said, "will be justified In check- ing on passcngm1 cars still operat- lUK with 1IW7 plalniH on February 10 and on other motor vehicles on February 10." Late Bulletins New York WO Pen- nock, general manarer of the Philadelphia Phillies died today In a. New York hosplUJ of a. cerebral hemorrhaire. He had collapsed in the lobby of the Waldorf-Astoria, hotel as he about to co into a meeting. Bombay Widespread looting, anon and Ktarted In Bombay tonight two hours after news spread of the Gandhi assassination. Shelbyvllle. Ind. Stale police a. mother and three of her children were believed to have burned to death today In a fire In their home near Mor- ristown. LUted as mlmlnr alter the fire which destroyed the home a. mile west of Morris- town were Norma Burtch, :i.1: Jimmy Hurtch, one; Dm'ey Iturlch, three, and Judy Burtch, Danger in India Seen As Result Of Assassination By DeWItt Mackenrie, A. P. Foralffn Affairs Annlyxt Atlanta. When history assigns Mahatma, Oundhi his place It will, I believe, be among great spiritual leaders of all time. OandM-Ji was my friend of all humanity, for that matter. He wan Indeed a. holy man outlook was not restricted by or dogma. His whole code summed up In goodness, and took It where he found It. HU own life encompassed not only Hinduism, in which he born, but Christianity, Mohammed- anism, and other religions. And once told me that the greatest. In- fluence in his life had been Christ's Sermon on the Mount. That pro- vided the code which, the Mahatma followed. Gandhi's death creates another terrible dangerous moment for In- dia, since it might kindle flames which would sweep the whole subcontinent with Its four hundred millions. The saving (trace may that the assassin was a Hindu- one of the Mahatma's own people. Had it been a Moslem who commit- ted this awful deed, nothing could have prevented the horror of war between the Hindus and Moslems. Gandhi's death has removed the most powerful re- ligious or the Indian peninsula. Just as he, more than, any other, was responsible for the winning of independence from England, so his guidance was need- ed in the new life of freedom. He will be missed sadly, but he has left behind him a faithful and capable Minister Nehru of the Dominion, of India. Nehru, who never challenged the judgment of Gandhi, may be expected to apply Ills undoubtedly great ability to following the precepts of the Mahatma. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy with occasional light snow tonight and Saturday. Seasonal temperature tonight, lowest M: turning colder late Saturday, high- est In tile afternoon 30. Minnesota: ness tonight Considerable cloudl- and Saturday. Oc- casional light snow beginning In west portion Saturday afternoon or night. Not quite so cold tonight. Wisconsin: Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Saturday. Not quite so cold tonight southwest portion. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 27; minimum, 6: noon, 18; precipitation, trace; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECASTS Minnesota and Wisconsin: Tem- peratures will average near normal with no marked fluctuations. Nor- mal maximum 15 north to 35 south. Normal minimum, two below zero north to 17 south. Precipitation, will be light to moderate averaging K. Inch or less occurring rather fre- quently over area middle and latter portions of period. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Bcmidji ............21 -17 Chicago ...........25 25 .15 Denver ............37 8 DCS Moincs ........29 16 Duluth 24 13 .05 International Falls.. T Kansas City .......35 25 .01 Los Angeles........62 Miami 76 69 .08 Mpls.-St. Paul ----23 8 New Orleans ......38 38 .75 New York.......... 32 7 Seattle 37 Phoenix ...........55 Washington.........36 23   

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