Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 5, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER partly Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations IS COMING Be irare radio 1C VOLUME 47. NO. 270 MONDAY EVENING. JANUARY 5, 1948 WINONA, MINNESOTA. FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES World Conquest Russian Aim, Mikolajczyk Says Than Yield to iiuch Incrcdlblo snys Stanlslaw Mikolajczyk, "you might even na did these three Polish standing before n Nnzl firing sqund on n Warsaw street during the Nazi occupation. The former prime minister the Reds to bo an even more sinister Invader. Articles Reveal Life Behind 'Iron Curtain' Red Military Men See Sweep Across Europe to Channel; Counting on English Neutrality BY STANISLAW MIKOLAJCZYK (Former Prime Minister of Polund And President of the Pnllxh Feuant Party.) (Xaltofi Notr: Stanhlato Jlflkolalczyk, the former Pollalt leader tchon from Communist-dominated Poland thrilled tfit world, today "btpins long-awaited ttorv of life behind, tile "Iron. tht unbelievable cruelties of the police state, the broken vacti, the ana Mi ottm fllffltt to warn the western world of what caUt "Ttn Coming Jliuslnn CHAPTERS I AND II I OLAKD. conquered by Adolph Hitler first and later forsaken by own Allies, may seem to be a remote land to the reader. The names of its people, Including: my own, may be diffi- cult to pronounce, and its tragedy may be dismissed by some as normal plight of Europeans and particularly But Poland today is you. When a Pole today IB deprived of hla rights or is tortured vilely and put to death for simply belitrinir In what millions of democratic peoples else- where talce for granted, you, too, are being attacked. And BO Is sanctity of your home. A fantastic world war began on Polish soil, after being con- ceived In the twisted minds of Hitler, Sttilln, Mus.iollnl nnd Tojo. And now an even more horrlblo war has erupted In Poland, It a war against the dignity and freedom of all democratic peoples, and the Poles onco again arc in the front lines. Just as World War II spread its tentacles out of Poland, this could reach the homes of peace-loving people elsewhere In the world and more quickly and with a thousand times the venom of the opening of the Battle of Britain and the attack on Pearl Harbor, I know, because I am a survivor of the opening movements of that war of which I spcftk. I know the determination, the pltllcs.ine.ss nnd the vigor of the new common enemy or mankind, communism directed from tho U.8.8.R. A New Photograph of former Prime Minister Stonlslnw Miko- lajczyk of Poland who came from behind the "Iron Curtain" to tell the world the story of "Tho Coming Russian Terror." "France And Italy may be a bit difficult for ft Russian officer told Mikolajczyk. Even though many communist-Inspired demonstrations, like the one nbove in Rome, were put down, tile Russians be- lieve their agents will ultimately achieve communist aims. Congress Convenes Tuesday I know Stalin personally. I know the men behind him, and workings of their minds and the yoke which they are now im- posing on the world. Forget for a moment my very name and the positions that I held in the Polish government not only during the occupation by thi Nazis but by the even more sinister invader of reds. of Personal Liberty Simply assume you urc a Pole, llko myself, and that you arc still possessed of your love of personal liberty, your feelings on the rights of man find your beliefs that you have the right to speak, Plan to Curb Soviet Given 8y Stassen Candidate Says Program Would Aid U. S., Europe E. Stas- sen, candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, outlined today a five point program which he "could" by 1050 result in the Inability of the Kremlin to wage aggressive war, and diminishing communist strength in other notions." Adoption of the program by the Tj. 8., the former Minnesota gov- ernor said, also should show "con- tinued success of tho American economic system, marked progress In rebuilding Europe with rising standards of living, and n definite trend toward Increased individual economic, social and political free- dom." Tho resultant situation In fila, ho In nn address before the New York Young Republican club, would be continued low production and poor living standards "com- pounded rather than corrected by the ruble purge." Five Points Given Tho five points, as compounded by Stosscn, are: 1. To demonstrate the continued success of the American system by 'a network of intorroliil.iicl menu-' iron oT llmtlod powers In J mont, of curbs on cxcewlvu rft! (11 IPFlOF! to decrease inflationary pressures, of. Governor Says U. S. Pay for Democracy Copenhagen Governor Luther W. Toungclahl of Min- nesota told newflmen Sunday on arrlvnl for n tour of Scan- dinavia that the United fitiut give more than "lip serv- ice" to democracy. He juild Dial America muni thut U in willing to puy the price it to live up to democratic lilenlit and pointed to Minnesota's In jrlvlnic equal treatment to mi- nority The governor, accompanied by Mrn. Voungdahl, arrived In CopcnJiiiECU Sunday after trip thrice delayed by weather, lie IN the first Minnesota, rov- crnor of Scandinavian descent to visit tho Scandinavian coun- tries while in office. Governor said the United States must .show Jluj- sla that "our economic system Is not going to add- ing that America must show Russia by the example of an over-all prosperity and by to htilp ntherH. The MlniKiKDtii executive tor mod niitruu that n, Ilepu lean victory In tho next presidential election would mean the end of help to Eu- rope. Maloney Reports Massive Russian Winonan Shot While Hunting Near St. Charles Narrowly Misses Death St. Charles, Minn. (Special) Although "peppered" with No.. 6 shot from a. .12 gouge shotgun fired V5 feet away, a Wlnona bricklayer today Is recovering at the Wlnona General hospital. Ho Is Clyde Port, 28, Wlnona route one, who caught the charge from a shotgun fired by Elmer Buck, Jr., Id, Wlnona route two, who was aim- ing at a frightened rabbit. The pair were in a party of six hunting rabbits off highway 14 mile west of St. Chat-Ion Sunday afternoon. Tho mishap, termed an accident by Sheriff George Port, oc- curred at 1 o'clock. According to the attending phy- sician, Fort escaped a fatal injury by the narrowest of margins, OI the more than 20 pellets which were driven into the upper portion of his body several narrowly missed vital organs in the chest and another drove deep Into the throat near the windpipe. That one and several oth- ers may be embedded too far to re- move. The from the shotgun drovo through a heavy hunting coat and carried pieces of It into the flesh. Several pellets in the right arm were nearly driven through. They con be felt in the flesh on the opposite side from tho point of entry. Pellets were driven Into tho neck, chest, right'arm, right hip and Jaw. Fort was sitting by a rabbit hole when he caught the charge. Ho had dropped a ferret into the hole and his fellow hunters were standing In the vicinity waiting for a rabbit to show. Besides Buck they were Peter Fort, a brother, and Peter Spongers Duluth, construction foreman at Tho Oaks night club. Elmer Buck, Sr., and Otis Pomeroy, Bclmont ad- dition, were In tho cor on the high- way. All except Mr. Buck, Sr., arc employed at The Oaks construction project. When a rabbit popped out of unexpected hole Buck fired and port of tho charge caught Fort. He tum- bled over. When they wanted to re- move him to a physician, they first had difficulty in starting: the car Eventually they got him to St. Charles, where a resident used his car to bring him to the Wlnona General hospital. Ho was admitted at o'clock. Sheriff Fort investigated the nc- cldent nnd interviewed the mem. bers of the hunting party. supervision of exports to avoid too great an impact of world-wide Philadelphia Representa- tive Franklin J. Maloney shortages, of limiting of inventories nsscricd today that the Russians to prevent hoarding, of economy in arc U3infr German and Austrian tho civilian activities of govern- labor "In the thousands" In ment, and of n variable federal fiscal ft massive war production unclcr- program, nil to check booms nnd uklng behind the Ural mountains. Act and vote iw your conscience dictates. So one nlKht, without warning, n group of armed sccurlt police, trained, directed and controlled by n foreign power enter your home nnd nrrests you. You ask, to see their warrant and they laugh at you, for their warrant is the machine gun that is pointed at your stomach. I their pockets is your sentence, already made out, and your "trial In the military you nre given bo only n fiction One of thnm cu.iunlly pulls out n revolver, opens a drawer 1 your desk, puts the revolver In the drawer, lifts it out again on Accuses you of concealing weapons in violation of a "law" this 1 a mixture of mockery and murder. Your wife and children and relatives and even associates ar taken from you, and you may never see them again yoi will Always bo tormented by the terrors Inflicted upon them. You yourself arc subjected to what could be types o torture, for there is no limit to tho Infamy concocted by the com- munist torturer. And if you survive and arc released you mus irign a document in which you promise not to reveal what has been done to you or your family. If you break that promise, there other trotures nnd no difficulty In arresting you again. You are cursed in the controlled newspapers as a "bandit" or Tascist" or "traitor" though you a.ro none of these things and have proved It throughout your life. Your crime? You liked a certain candidate for office and hat Announced your intention to vote for him. Or, perhaps, you had decided to run for office your on a ticket that docs not happen to- please Moscow. You would protest, of course. You might even thou- sands of Poles similar to you have than yield to such an incredible tyranny. Signal of Tilings to Come But this is certain: You would say to yourself, "This cannot happen in the 20th century. This cannot be the work of men by whose side we fought the Germans. The Americans and British will do something about you would the heart- warming humanity of those powers. There lies the ultimate tragedy. What Russia and Its agents are doing in Poland today Is (Continued on Face S, Column 3) MIKOLAJCZYK I avoid depression biinL'i." Ho asked "supplcmuntary action on the housing and health and education shortcomings." 2. Place the Marshall plan "on n sound and business-like basis, es- The legislator who recently re- tiiirnod from n. seven-week tour of Europe said he received his infor- mation from n high German churchman. "The Maloney said In nn tabllahlng proper economic condl-] interview, "arc calling in tlons to increase Its prospects of Home women, the Rus- sian-occupied zones of Germany and Russia. Their families never and not permitting quibbling or I hear from them again." politics to.-delay and handicap or! Maloney said the Soviet war pro- success, but above all, treating it as the bl-partlsan program that it is. Train Hits Bobsled, 10 Ohio Children Killed Aruhbold, Ohio "I thought the track was Jesse Wy.se said today in explaining- how the New York Central's Chl- cagoan passenger train smashed his farm bobsled, killing- ten children of three neighbors and seriously injuring two others, one of.them his daughter. Wyse and his 13-year-old son, John, whom the father bclicvei "too young and inexperienced" t take the tractor-drawn sled ou himself, were not hurt. The bo leaped to safety from the rear o the sled. "I Just stiffened in my sent 01 tliu thii father wild. "Til train hit thu sled, tore It looms froil the tractor and hurled it dowi the tracks." The bobsled was scattered for Mac Arthur Hints O.K. On Candidacy cut in half and destroy." Wiuits More Air Power 3. "Wo should maintain a strong military posiltlon and increase our air power and enlarge our research." 4. "Stop shipping to Russia heavy machinery, machine tools, electrical devices, and other apparatus and ocjulpmcnt which could become n part of a Communist war machine lenders definite unless nnd until the In tho Kremlin show ductlon campaign is "a tremendous undertaking" and that reliable In- formants told him the Soviets nre making projectiles and though I don't know their Ural factories. Since the end of the war, Mnloncy nddtd, the Russians hnvo removed n grcnt number of their major fac- tories to the HCCluxlon of tho area Augusta Woman Gets Jail Term for Shooting Dog Eau Claire, A 74- ycar-old woman was servinfi- a five-day jail term today utter she admitted shooting a. dojr which she claimed had chased Iicr civtfl. Mm. Ella Thiiycr of AUKimla plvndnd guilty In county court Saturday to it of inall- cioiiHly Injuring the. animal nnd fined with nn alterna- tive of five days in the county Jail. "I'm H. and If I net a Jail term, I'll nit It nut like n Mrs. Tliayer wild. She de- clared she would not permit anyone to pay her fine. The dog; was hit in the hip with a .22 caliber rifle bullet but WHK not Injured fieriounly. built a lot more since he f agreement nnd notion that they wllij cooperate in rebuilding Europe." 5. "An extensive world-wide cam- paign of ideas to combat the 'propaganda line of the commun- ,sts" which "should go far beyond tho Voice of America broadcasts." Committee to Ask Stassen Statement Washington Senate com- mittee agreed today to call Harold something the American people ought to he added. The congressman said he did not make a statement attributed to him Saturday night at a speech before a Veterans of Foreign Wars gath- ering in which he was quoted as saying American-made machinery Is being used by the Russians. "I never said such a thing be- cause I don't know It for 11 he explained. "But I wouldn't doubt Stassen possibly mcnt." 'resident Truman's personal phy- .ician the same toll what hey know of commodity specula- ion. Chairman Ferguson (R.-MIch.) f an appropriations subcommittee nqulrlng into trading by federal mploycs said Mr. Truman's physi- larj, Brigadier General Wallace H, Graham, will be called if tho group an prepare its information by that that they're using American equip- noon, 30; precipitation, trace. Stnssen. candidate for G.O.P. residential nomination, has charg- d that government "insiders" have profiteered In commodity trading. Wisconsin University Bee Farm Burns Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity: Clearing tonight. Pnrtly cloudy Tuesday. No important temperature change, tonight 18: highest Tues- day 34. Minnesota: Clearing and colder tonight. Tuesday Increasing cloudi- ness with little change in tempera- ture. Wisconsin: Light snow extreme east early tonight becoming partly cloudy late tonight and Tuesday. A little warmer tonight. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the 2- houra ending at noon Sunday: Maximum, 30; minimum, 20; mile along the right-of-way civs of this Northwestern Ohio town Two of the victims were ground beneath wheels of the train. No train passengers were injured nnd It continued to Chicago after a 57- mtmiti; delay. By that time, witnesses said, snov, nearly had blotted out all evidence of the tragedy which occurred a p. m. (C.S.T.) Sunday. Wyse snlcl he stopped at the cross- ,ng- mid thought the tracks were 24 Official observations for the hours ending at noon today; Maximum. 38; minimum, 18; noon. "I started up the tractor again and Just ns it was clearing the tracks, I saw the train bearing down on the he continued Tt was horrible." The dent! were identified by Coro- ici' H. M. Warner of Fulton county is four children of Mr. and Mrs. liiwrcnce 13; her win, Charlcne: Patricia, eight, and 'Sharon, children of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond ald, 13; Marl In, H: Arlonc. ten, nnd Janet, two daughters of Mr. and Mrs. 12, nnd Marjorie, 15. Wyso'fl daughter, Janice, seven, and another daughter of the Law- rence Grleser's, Shirley, nine, were hospitalized at nearby Wauseon. D. O. Schcrer of Toledo, engi- neer of the train, said he the slolghride party, whistled frantic- ally but was unable to stop in time. He estimated his speed at 80 miles nn hour. Conductor R, It. Snook of E'.khnrt, Incl., said two of the children leaped before the train struck. Shirley, taken to a Wauseon hos- pital with a broken, leg, described the "terrible moment" of the trag- !cdy. Mudlxon, Win. Douglas MncArlhur sent a message of congratulation to Wisconsin's cen- tennial celebration today that one of his chief state supporters said definitely indicated he would be re- ceptive to the Republican presiden- tial nomination. In the message the supremo com- mander of Allied powers in Jnpan, who is a native of Milwaukee, said thnt "them cnn bn no grrnlx-r fmti.t- fuctlon than such us comoti from the confidence rcilectcd in tho selection by one's neighbors for public service no more challenging responsibility than lies in the fulfillment of their trust." Secretary of State Fred R. Zim- mcrmnn said he was sure the gen- Tax Cutting Expected As First Battle Election Year Final Session Py William P. W) Questions bearing vitally on the future of the United States and most of the world confront tho 80th Congrtmrn mealing Tuesday for its final eee- sion. Help for Europe and Asia, cutting, the high cost of Jlvirur, control nnd the housing short- age, military preparedness icollh Insurance nre a few of the top Issues. And the list probably Will grow, A complicating factor la that thU s a general election year. Demo- crats want to regain the control of Congress they lost la the G.O.P. n 1946. The Republicans hope to put their presidential nominee In Jie White House for the first time Ineo Franklin D.'lvooscvelt started in first term in 11133. The nmt of new Muilon will be devoted primarily to Bpeech- nnd strategy huddles by ongrcssional leaders, with a. few committees starting to lay groundwork for future actions. The Chief Executive will BO to the Capitol in person to deliver that message to a Joint session of the Seiintc and House. The White House reported today ProNliiont Trumnn will also deliver hlh htnto of the union mouwfte to Congress In person because of "in extreme Importance." The first actual battle of the ees- sion probably will take place In the House, over tho House leaden measure thla tax reduction bill, want to pass the eral meant he would perform any month so, n.s Speaker Martin put public service he wax called upon the people W it be as President or in the army. The general said that he "Joins with my fellow citizens of Wiscon- sin in hailing in Infinite pride nnd satisfaction the completion of 100 years of statehood in the American union. "As I reflect upon the events in this century of effort and ic stated, "I am proud indeed that my own life is deeply rooted in Wis- consin's post, for I have trod those Wisconsin paths which my 'ather nnd my grandfather once ,rod, and take great pride in the roiowledgc that my opportunity for ervlce to. country found its origin n Wisconsin's selection nnd np lolntmont, as did my fathers nnd Tandfnthcr.i before me. it, the President will know whut to expect. The bill under consideration would cut mid about low Income and elderly persons from the tax rolls. Whilo the President has Mid nothing about his plans if he re- ceives another tax cutting measure. highly placed White Eouse expect him to oppose any general slash while tho national income Is at a record high. Most slKns indicate that the for- eign nld picture will not take def- inite shape for several WliiJe Democrats generally arc sup- porting the administration's Mar- lnr spend 38; precipitation, none; sun sets to-j ..Wc didn't see the train because Madison, night at 4; 42; sun rises tomorrow at ,ve wcrc lmvlng so much she cd an experimental laboratory at the University of Wisconsin's East hill bee farm Sunday with dam- ages estimated by Dean Ira H. Baldwin of the agricultural college at The flrc started in the one-story frame laboratory and apparently was caused by a faulty oil burner or a short circuit in electric wir- gf; Baldwin said. i I related. "All of a sudden we look- Chicago 34 Duluth 34 TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE led there the train was, big Max. Min. Pep. I as everything and whistling like I mad." "I was so scared I didn't know what to do, so I just sat there. "Janice Wyse and I were sitting up front in the bobsled. The next thing we both knew we were flying right through the nir." Janice also was hospitalized here. 70 30 70 Seattle 47 Phoenix 75 Rcglna 30 Miami Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans Tiic Pas 23 28 21 54 15 Trace 37 34 .02 40 3 .1-2 12 of President Succumbs New Benjamin Harrison, 89, widow of President Benjamin Harrison, died today. Mrs. Harrison, who was the soconc of the 23rd president, was a niece of the first Mrs. Harrison, who died In the White House In 1882 She lived in retirement in recent years, maklnpr her homo in New York with her only child, Mrs, James Blalne Walker. Mrs, Harrison's death leaves only four living widows of former presi- dents, Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, Mrs. Calvin Cool- and Mrs. Franklin D. Roose- .08 Both licr were broken. velt. Born Mary Scott Lord to Hones- dale, Pa., in 1858, Mrs. Harrison never occupied the White House as flrst lady, but lived there for two years during the Illness of her aunt. Her first husband, Walter Dimmlck, had died in 1882. She married the former presi- dent In New York city in 189C, three years after the expiration of hla: term. during the next four years to help tlic 16 noncommunlst nations of Western Europe rrxpnin their eco- nomic feet, Republicans nre di- vided. Record Budcci Rcqucul Srrn Mr. Truman is expected to sub- mit a record peacetime budget of about in his message next Monday. Shortly thereafter. Joint committees under con- trol will meet to work out a legis- lative budget ns a pattern for fu- ture appropriations. In advance of actual knowledge, congressional lenders nre speculat- ing that the president will ask lawmakers to: Approve tile Marshall plan quickly. Extend rent control beyond February 29 expiration date. Pass a universal military train- ing bill. Approve a national health insur- ance program. Broaden social security cover- age. Extend the reciprocal agreements act expiring m June. Give legal status to and expand the State department's foreign, to- ormatlon program. Do something about the housing situation, and Give him standby price-wage con- trol and rationing powers.