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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 16, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER lute fold lonllhli' wirniir nfltrnMH. FM IS COMING mra your new radio on receive it. Full Leiied Wire Newt Report of The Anociated Frew Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 47. NO. 255 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING. DECEMBER 16. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES 3 Years Ago Today Barrage, Tank Attack Opened Battle of Bulge By Jack Onunpton fUpubllcun.IleraKI HUff Writer December IB, Proctwly 30 HRO today Gorman operation ORIEir be- Ktin. the BctKlixn BulKO. tho Ardennes break-through, the counter- attack. It was thp ffiriUo.it bnttln American armies up to that time had fought In their ontlro urnntoat In tho number of troops rnKMCfd fit nny ono tlmo, Krctitont In bloodshed and casufil- tlps sustained, tuklnK Into nccount Oenrmn rrlfttlvoly the (trcntest In Its effect on tho course oT history. More than American casualties wore sustained In the Initial phases Of the bulge. Here's what happened to ono Infantry rlJlo company near the Oerman-nelRlan frontier at Krlnkolt, Belgium, the day of De- cember 10, The snowy plno bough-covered In n pine Ipr- est had been relatively quiet durum the weeks preceding the German thrust, Quiet, except for 40-BO .88 mm. rounds daily each mid-afternoon Into prominent terrain features that might bo used tor observation posts by front-line American riflemen. Quiet also, except for tho car-pleaslnjc, continuing ol American- ftwl artillery projectiles over the front-line foxholes day and This particular point In tho front linos was the Juncture of the First and Third tho so-called calculated which was thinly held by combat-now Infantry divisions. Lonely r flo- stancllnK Ktmrd on this sector of the front often walked iwvwftl blocks amonft tho shadowy plnos before coming to a jrtmrd of the next company, Companies wore often given miles of frontline to Kiiard against unheard of In any Infantry tactics manual. Several riflemen In those combat-new had been the front several clays before they were finally told to lond their fruns. some askoct seriously where the nearest post WM wi.ro not informed the life-vital difference between Incoming and' outgoing artillery fire, some had uwd five-second Brenadei during training In Texas nnd had not been told they were using three-second at the front. In training they had learned to count 1-2-3 and then to throw. KPW infantrymen in this sector used grenades, how- ever, the wpokit preceding December 18. Artillery MOVH Vp day before the German attack, an unprecedented thing took place Division artillery, the were moved up two miles behind front lines, when they normally ahould have been much further buck. Thpy were moved up In anticipation of a small-scale American push the next day. Riflemen looking out of their frontline foxholes the momlni of December 18 noticed a trail of pookmarks In the anow advancing toward their iines-ixdvixnolnK artillery fire. They at first thought their own artillery was flrlnit n few uncomfortably short rounds. The fcrtlllery flrn onme closer and then passed over the foxholes, the sharp sound of ,88 muMle to their tars and the whine of shrapnel In the trees around them. Then oamt the tree-bursts, artil- lery shells exploding on touchlnK treetops or at certain above the ground. Instead of on the irround. dlreolinir the forceof their shrapnel flown Into tho foxholes Instead of up Into the air. This was the first baptism of fire for many Infantrymen in this sector, also, inci- dentally, the lust for many. The irrew more Intense, screams of those hit wert heard now und then as eaoh man olnwed deeper Into the dirt In the bottom of his body-length foxhole. After a several-hour barraile. shaken riflemen looked out of their foxholes itcrose no-man's-land at the German front They hrvd bpon told that companies of the Volkssturm manned tho pillboxes old men. cripples, cases, .etc. Looking through a dense white fog thixt plnyed about the edyes of the forest they were in. they could soe wide, flnt Royal Tiger tanks lumbering throunh the snowy pine trees opposite. Occasionally the seemingly Bp-foot-long -f' mounted on the front of tho Tlgors-now parallel to the I pointblank fire nt American frontline of a shPll. A spttt-socond Inter, troos Just back of the American front- line foxholes would bo splintered with the shrapnel bursts. Tliren Advance The tanks crime ridden In some cases by Hitler Juitend infantrymen who fired mnohtne-f un' bursts at every thing that moved in front of them. Some American troops In this sector withdrew m disorder before this maniacal onslaimht. some were shot w attempting to surrender, somo were crushed to death In their foxholes by the overrunning Tigers before they could get out of them. The a'prmnn spearhead rolled right on through the so-called Unes in this part of tho Arclonnos sector, a front of merely one-foxhole n depth They rolled on through company headquarter, companies, cooks supplv troops. They cn.mo upon the American artillery moved up day before In anticipation of anAmerlcan push the succeeding day. turwd thS Sun. nrouml and fired the plled-hlgh American ammunlt on all December and most of January al American riflemen who had with- drawn to the nrxt Riflemen withdrawing from the fluid, confused -frontllncs J" hoard artillery hitting all arounrt them, saw burning. unks in tho whitt- Holds through which they ran (tanks whoso posl- tionThad radioed to the German artillery by Quislings in towns behind the Americans glimpsed assorted dogfights raging In the sky dfsplte the poor flying wcnthor, saw tho puffs of black earth, smoke and unow dotting tho landscape on all sides. Thry raced In eonfusod disorder to take semi-shelter In house barie- mrnts in the tipivri-st town. Darkness finally cloud In. A sketchy _ n- vrnlory revpnlrd thoro wore no Miuads, sections, platoons, companies, biaullcms. rcKlmontH or somutlmos ovun divisions as such, Soldiers from five to six different outfits of ton found themselves In tho same building. That night, the skies wnre aflame with tho Klare of burning Orrroan planes hud dropped on area roads, rovealinit the stream of American troops moving to and from a non-existent front. Tho nory trails and roar of buwibombs, launched only two or three rnllos .away. punctuated the night. Incoming artlUory continued to pelt the irround and, oftrntlmcs. tho huddled troops. Tracer bullots of antl-alrcraff guns fur to thn rrar lit up thi> sky as they converged at points miles behind the accelerating bury.bombs. (Irrmnn I'arairnnpers Kumnrn Ihnl uppclally-lralnpd Clorman paratroopers In Amerlcnn had born dropped behind them, each speaking American slang and rnch i-qulpppd with piano wlro for throttling unwary American nflpmon, added to the foarfulnoss nnd agony of a horror-rackod night. American troops hit by German artillery fire within pur own ox- trrmHy fluid lines wnro taken to tho roar along a series of vohlolo and troop-Jammed, blackrd-out hlnhways. takon through a series of evacua- tion hospitals. Siwprul wounded riflemen ondod this backward trek at nn, of thn LtfKP trnt city hospitals. They sweated out litrrallv sweat. Tho ohlpf Gorman spearhead advanced to within six oulclc-s'wrepmK miles of tho hospital and thoro were no facilities for rvneuatlnu all thwto hospitalized or oven a large part. Nights were sppnt UstonlnK to tho unonluod babbling of those with too-frrsh vuions of the Initial Gorman drive the frontlino foxholos, ttPclfiuitlnK companies and battalions. Nights wmo made still moro tPrrlblP by tho fact that Llogo was a prime buMbomb urgrt. Hundreds of those bombs cut off each night over tho tents. turned over on their bucks out of control and glided over the tent rows into thP muln piirt of beyond, detonating with a terrific concussion which suckrd in the of tho long tont rows even though the blast look plncc miles nwuy, Christmas clay wus spont listening to the Jubilant lluw Haw, forecasting complete doom, This then may hnvn boon the dlnry on ono frontlino Infantry rifle- man cuuKht in th'p Initial phuso of tho bulgo, During most of lutter Dpoombor and all of January, most Anicrlcan mfanirvmim on the north PdKO of tho Gorman sullont shlvorod In tholr fnxholp's on the of a hlKh rldKO untlor direct nro and observation of Ornrmit uc'i'iww from thortii There was no thought of attacklnR, the only thought was to hung (Continued on I'Mfe 10, Column 1) UATTLK Of BULOK 'Big Plans German Union May Accept Only Week Left to Be a Good Fellow HERE in Just one wook loft In which to bo a Good Follow And tho need foi Good Fellows Is groat this year At Good Follow headquarters tho work today u w n 11H f undo Purchases cannot bo made unless tho money available. So each day tho list of contributions Is watched closely oy tho .Good Follow buyers. If tho fund goes up n lot there Js rejoicing. It means that shoes can bo bought for some little girl who has far to go to school, that John- ny can have that new pair of pants he wrote Santa for and that a group of children scheduled to como for fittings today Strom St, Jo- soph Kchool can bo accommodated. So Good Follows, wo urge you to hurry. Join In tho work now. Bring or none! your contributions to tho Good Follows, Tho Ropubllcan- Horold, Wlnonn. Tho l.lmo growing short. In your response IH tho iin.wor to the prayorn of little children. Will there bo empty stockings this year In Wl- nona? Bo a Good Fellow now. Help make this Christmas a merry one for some needy child.__ Be a Good Fellow Tho following Is a list of contri- butions to the Good Follows fund to "previously listed ......J1.173.G7 A frlonil LOO Optimist club FrlondH 2.00 Bud and Bob, clotlilnjr itnri LOO A friend, Weaver, Minn................ LOO Mr. :ind Mm. F, II. Walker B.OO Inne? Circle Senior High Kchool.. Belly nml Nnncy Sperbnck 2.00 Trarellnr man 1.00 N 71' Wlnonn Senior mnd clothing, Drugs to Combat Virus Diseases Held Possible New now clues toward possible discovery of drugs ;o combat virus disease were re- ported today by Dr. Conrad A, Klvohjem, of the University of Wis- consin. Viruses cause many different kinds of diseases, among them In- 'antllo paralysis and Influenza In lumans. Dr. Elvcnjcm mentioned tho possi- bility of anti-virus drugs In de- scribing recent progress in nutri- tion to tho midyear meeting of the American Pharmaceutical Manu- ncturera association. "Thoro arc undoubtedly many difficulties and obstacles In iv pro- gram of this kind, but oven If wactlcal applications do not come out of their much funda- mental knowledge must accumu- he sivld. Tanker in Peril South of Aleutians army tanker El Canoy her rudder ripped loose and propeller damaged by heavy In peril early today in tho North Pacific, south of tho Alo'.ltlami. Tho Hawaiian- frontier .re- ported that tho en route Irom Yokohama to Seattle with a crow of 45. Committee Cuts Aid by General Bill for Full Grant Before President By William F. Arbopwt House ap- propriations committee today made an cut In the emergency foreign aid program from to and slashed a fund the army asked for govern- ment and relief in occupied areas. It ncnt to the House floor a bill providing aid for France, Italy and Austria compared with tho the administration asked. Nothing For China Nothing was recommended for China. Only yesterday, Congress sent to President Truman legislation ap- proving a program Of help to tho three European countries and China. Mr. Truman had called Congress Into special session No- vember 17 and asked to help France, Italy and Austria get through the winter and resist com- munism. The Dill sent to the President only gave congressional approval for the idea of aid and set as tho maximum which could be pro- vided, Separate legislation was ro- qulrad to provide tho funclii. Thai; in tho bill the committee has now recommended. Part of General Bill While tho committee recommend- ed no funds for China, It said the 000 000 reduction would leave a resorvo for use In China In tho event an aid program is begun there. Tho foreign-aid money Is in a general appropriation bill which also provides funds for various other government uses. The total In the measure is The amount Is 31 per cent below what the administration asked. Tho largest reduction was in the fund for army government and re- lief in occupied areas, amounting to (53 per cent. Green Wants Lewis to Return Waihlnifton A.F.L. Presi- dent William Green pledged today that A.F.L. .leaders will "do oU within our power" to bring John L. Lewis and his United Mine Workers back Intd the federation. Lewis pulled his union out of tho A.F.L. last Friday in a curt, crayon-scrawled We dls- ufflllate" note to Green, Green's reply, not an answer to Lewis but a statement to the press; mid the A.F.L, membership cerely regrets" the U.M.W. di action. He termed it a boon to jor's "enemies." Greely S. Curtis, Air Pioneer, Dead Marblchead, Mass. Greeley S. Curtis, who experimented suc- cessfully with tho manufacture and operation of flying machines before tho Wright brothers' flight at Klt- ;yhawk, N. C., died Monday at his home. He was 70. Curtis became Interested in the problems of flight while a student at Harvard. In 1895, he and Otto Llllcnthal made successful glider flights in Germany. He leaves his widow, Fannie Hooper Curtis, two sons, p.nd eight grandchildren. Minneapolis Man of Automobile Injuries D. Hold- rldgo, 01, injuroo; Saturday when his auto nti'uck a truck, died luxt night in General hospital to bring the city's traffic toll to 47 for tho year, Five Winona School Patrol Boys Honored by Governor Youngdahl to this newspaper at noon Get Five-Year Certificates for Long Service Five Winona School Safety patrol boys ware honored for their work in the school police at special cere- monies today in tho office of Gov- ernor Youngdahl at the state capital n St. Paul. Tho governor signed and present- ed to them certificates lu rccognl- ;lon of their outstanding ____ of leadership and dependability th senrcn were DCmg consider- ing live years of school patrol The boys, each 14 years old, are cd. Ice, High Water Halts Hunt for Weckler Body Blue River, WIs. Big chunks of Ice, high Water level and fast current brought a temporary halt today In the search of the Wisconsin river waters for the body of Georgia Jean Weckler, eight, Fort Atkinson farm girl, who disappeared from a driveway near her home May 1. All dragging operations were canceled and the possibility utilizing other methods of conduct- Russell Schmidt, David Mahlke, Richard Ross, Gerald Bathen and John C. Fair H. They tire tho first Winona school ratrolmen so honored. Following the presentation, the boys were taken on a tour of the Twin cities, state capltol and state ilstorlcal society museum. They were driven to St. Paul In a Winona police car by Walter A. Haeusslnger, police supervisor of the school patrol. All of the boys have been school patrol members at the Jefferson school since 1343, except Russell Schmidt who was a patrolman at Madison school 1943-45. Gerald Bathen is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Harold Bathen, 1418 West Fifth street; John Fair, son of Mr. and Mrs. John C. Fair, 921 West King street, present Jefferson school pa- trol secretary; David Mahlke, 166 larvester avenue, present Jefferson ichool-patrol captain; Richard Ross, -Mr. and Mrs. Albert A. Ross, orth Baker street, Jefferson -palrol captain, 194G-1947, and SMI Schmidt, son of Mr. and Mrs. in G. Schmidt, 451 Wilsle street, (Cbntlnucd on Pace 3, Column 3) SCHOOL PATROL 1 Dead, 11 Hurt in Explosion in Vewark Plant Newark, N. J. One man was fatally hurt and 11 others in- ured yesterday in nn explosion that vrockod a building of tho Celanese Corporation of America, hurling bricks and rubble to tho street. The heavily-populated section of the city was shaken and many win- dows In homes, some ol them blocks away, were broken. Robert I. Simons, manager of the riant, which IN one or tho 23 Culan- cse Corporation plants sprawling iver a six-block area, said the cause Rlchland County District Attor- ney Leo P. Lownik said he had ask- ed the attorney general's office and the state public service commission regarding possibilities of diverting waters of the river Into a tributary which flows off-stream not far from, the Bluo river bridge. At Madison the public service commission said that If no forma: protest was made against placing a coffer dam below one of the three bridge spans it was probable that searchers could go ahead with such a dam if it did not Interfere navigation. Divers Sent Down The raging current fought against a diver sent down after the body yesterday. Authorities today plan- ned to plant a large snow plow In the indicated channel as a brcak- watsr to help the diver's search. Sennett stood on the bridge for 40 minutes yesterday after all spec- tators had been removed at Ills request. Then he was snatched back to the Waupun state prison where he made the confession Saturday to Jefferson County District At- torney Francis Garity. A month ago Sennett had stood on the bridge and pointed out where he had tossed the trussed and weighted body of Carlson, a young medical student. Carlson's body was recovered, and Sennett and Robert Wlnslow, 24, were sentenced to life terms for the killing which was a part of a night long horror of blood (Continued on Faire H, Column 7) SEARCHERS Billy Fox to Fight Lesnevich Billy Fox of Philadelphia will flght Cham- pion Gas Lesnevich for the world's IlRht-heavyweight boxing title Madison Square garden on March 5, same figure recorded on Fox's manager announced today. Preston Lawyer Appointed to Railroad Post Minneapolis C. W. Wright, vice-president and general counsel for the Minneapolis
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