Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 11, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER ronttnufd rultl tun Ir tit and mid V ISIT YOUR Schools National Education Week November 0 to 15. Full Leaied Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. 226 WINONA. MINNESOTA. TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER II, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES A Bomb Reported Tested by Russia Fight on Domestic Curbs Seen Today, IVlirn war dnncl aro honored, this picture of Ornernl George H. I'atton, Jr.'s grave, token by a Wlnonan, has spe- cial significance. The grave of the commander of the American Third army, which .In In Iho American military cemetery at Hamm, Luxemburg, nhown In tho background, with tho gravo of an cn- llnted man In tho foreground. General Patton's cross has four stars on the Indicate his tho words, "Geo. S. Patton Jr. General O2G05 3rd army" on the crossbar. The rank of the enlisted man not shown, nor is his unit. The picture was taken by Mrs. George Hubbard (nee Betty Jane who has been In Germany until recently with the Red Cross. Tho Hamm military comotery is on the route the Third army took in ltd drive into tho heart of Germany. General Patton died December 21, 1945, 12 days after ho wan seriously Injured In an auto- mobile Accident. ____ 'Cold War' Cheaper, Mackenzie Believes By DoWItt Mackenzie, A.r. Foroljrn Affairs Analyst Sftcrottiry of SUilo Marshall's plan for the economic rohablllta tlon of western Europe calls for an estimated expenditure of from to but one finds It difficult on this Armistice day to figure the problem out In terms of money. The general's program, as you know. Is the blue-print for larKC-flCalC, timr" nffrn.il Views on Aiding Displaced to Be Asked Residents St. cenaim of Minno- rp.ildcnt.1 will bo one of Ilrnt tho mate commission on re- iwttlemrnt of displaced persons de- cided Monday nt a ntato capital meeting, The group will seek to learn what relatives or klnfolk tho rcsldentd have whom they want to bring di- rectly to the state, and whether residents through churches or welfare agencies wish to nponsor re- settlement In Minnesota of thofio not klnfolk, but people who would bo aided for humunlta- rlnn reasons. Dr. T. F. ailllxxon. St. Paul, pres- ident of Luther Theological nary. was chosen chairman or the commtiuilon ami the Ke.v. Frank W. Curtln, also of St. Paul, of the dloccwin bureau of Catholic chari- ties, secretary. Named to the census committee were the Rev. James Byrnes, Min- neapolis Annunciation church: Rev. Frank E. D. Olabe, Minneapolis, Missouri synod of Lutheran churches; Jarle Lelrfallom. state so- cial welfare director, and the Rev Richard C. Rtilnes, Minneapolis Hennepln Methodist church, Canners Facing Labor Shortage Milwaukee The Wisconsin Canners association was told yc.itcr- dny its industry next year faces curtailed production of from 30 to because of tho labor 40 per cent shortftce. M. P. Vrrhulst. tho group's ex- rcutlve. secretary, told the 43rd an- nual convention thnt im a result ol roriKrrjwIonnl nellnn I hern would bo no further for ituh- xlcly of frirnlKii labor. He siikl III.M season foreign laborers werp Imported under the federal emergency farm program and that 4.000 out-of-stato labor- ers were brought In by tho Wiscon- sin stnto employment service. Ray D, Krler, Belgium; R. H. Winters, Orcen nay; C. A. Friday, New Richmond, and J. E. O'Brlon, Columbus, were elected directors of the association. Ore Shipments at New Peacetime High Cleveland Movement of Iron ore on the Grout Lakes up to November 1 of thl.i year hu.-i exceed- ed the priieetlmi- record for un en- tire nriutnri by ton.'i, Iho Lake un.'tocliiUon reported yc.iterdny. The luLsocliillon said cross ton.i had been carried on lake vessels, compared with during the record peacetime year of "cold. war" calculated to prevent tho dovclop- mont of another "hot to say, another world conflict. .The strategy of this huge expenditure is to glvo tho countries of West- ern Europe tho economic strength to withstand the Soviet drive to establish com- munism through- out tho continent The Marshal project Is pre- mised on this as- MacloniU sumption: If communist expansion is held along its present line (behind which ilcs a Soviet dominated eastern Eu- rope) then the chances of averting another global upheaval will bo good. If tho red ism overruns west- ern Europe, our hope of avoiding a third world war will be slim Indeed Too Much to Visualize But what about that 000 wo may have to spend to imple- ment the Marshall plan? For my part I can't even visualize what such an amount would look like Jn a pile of gold or in greenbacks. don't whether I could vault over It or whether I should have to walk around it. However. I've tramped across many battlefields strewn with dead 1 know what they look like, all right I was on tho fighting front in France on that first Armistice day, and the annlvoraary never rolls around with- out seeing visions of an endless line of marchers who gave their lives In two world wars. America's casualties In the two conflicts were about a million and a quarter. The losses In another global war would be colossal, and would come not only from the fight' ing forces but from tho civilian pop' ulittlonN, You couldn't balance those flKlli'on with morn monoy, no matter linw big a pile of gold tho dollars nindn. Tho lute war cost America some for military opera- tions, and nobody knows how much more indirectly. If you will take pen- cil and paper and figure- out how long It would take to spend maybe the world war rate, you will find that the time would bo mighty short, War' Cheaper So it would seem to bo far cheap- er to wage ft "cold war" offensive now than to fight n "hot war" a few years later. As General Marshall put It in urging Congress to help "pros- trato" Europe: "The economic effects of this pro- gram will extend far boyond tho xmndarloN of tho 10 countries In- volved. It in one Important world recovery program. Whether liko It or not, wo find ourselves, our nation, in a world position of vast responsibility. Wo can act 'or our own good by acting for tho world's good." Aid to Europe In Some Form Held Assured Senator George Doesn't Want OPA Returned Secretary of State Marshall said today that Con- gress will be nsked for aid for China before next July 1, in addition to the to be asked for European countries and occupation costs. This means a total outlay of for all forms of foreign relief. As Marshall gave his testimony on the foreign situation, there were Indications that President Truman may meet stiff opposition If he asks for new cost of living controls at home. New Curbs Opposed Senator George (D.-Ga.) told a reporter he is prepared to fight any effort to place new curbs on the domestic economy. Senator Brewstcr (R.-Malnc) and other Republican leaders have urg- ed the Inclusion of aid to China in any emergency foreign relief pro- gram. Asked whether any additional ap- propriations will be requested for Greece and Turkey, Marshall re- plied it is his understanding that no additional funds will be needed in the present fiscal year for that Mutt Rettore Germany Washington Secretary of State George Marshall testi- fied today it ix vital that Gcr- economy be restored to the point where its people can become self-supporting and con- tribute to Europe's economy. The secretary of state told the Senate foreign relations committee he haw no doubt .that propaganda attempts will be made to eonvlnoe the people of Europe that any re- building of Germany Franco and Italy. purpose. The fiscal year ends June 30, 1948. The over-all figure of 000 includes In pro- posed outlays for thB long-range European recovery program, in ad- dition to for immndlato stop-gap aid to France, Italy and Howard Hughes, Hollywood plane builder, testifies before the Senate war Investigating sub- committee in Washington which is inquiring into his wartime government contracts. Hughes told the group that Major Gen- eral Bennett E. Meyers tried to borrow from him when Meyers was negotiating a multi- million dollar plane contract with Hughes. (A.P. Wlrephoto.) Austria, Marshall said. The secretary of state said amount represents additional the ap- propriations to be requested of Con- gross beyond those already voted for foreign financing In the last session. Total Balance Sheet Asked The cabinet member gave these estimates In response to a request by Chairman Vandcriberg (R.- Mich.) for a "total balance sheet" of proposed expenditures in the gov- ernment year ending next June 30. Marshall already has said that the long-rango recovery program will cost about in the next 15 months. He has estimated its final over-all cost to this country at somewhere between and Here is the way the secretary, aid- ed by Under Secretary Robert Lov- ett, broke down the proposed re- quests to Congress: for long-range economic recovery, for Immediate stop-gap aid. for additional oc- cupation costs, including about for Germany and Austria, with the remainder be- ing spent in Korea and Japan, for old to China. Lovett said that if help for china is continued beyond June 30, it will cost about a month. Vandenberg asked If any allow- (Conllnucd on Page 7, Column 1) MARSHALL General Set To Testify in Hughes Quiz By Marvin L. Arrowsmllh Washington Major Gen- eral Bennett E. Meyers awaited a call today for his reply to Howard Hughes' testimony that the general tried to borrow from Hughes ;o buy worth of govern- ment bonds on "margin." Chairman Ferguson (R.-Mlch.) lold reporters l.lio Sunnto war in- vestigating subcommittee chocking jito Hughes' wartime plane con- tract hopes to put the retired air force general on the stand before nightfall. Meanwhile, Hughes himself re- sumed his defense of the pair of multi-million-dollar projects under committee scrutiny. ThcHO aro l.ho 200-ton flying boat which hu recently took Into tho air for the first time, and a photo reconnaissance plane. Ferguson Is striving to wind up the inquiry today. But Hughes told a newsman he had nslccd "for a week's time" to present his case. "I could go on he said. "It's just a question of how much time they want to give me." Ferguson declined to say how much time Hughes will get. Hughes testified yesterday that Meyers, deputy chief of air force procurement during tho war, asked him for a loan of during the time Meyers was taking part in negotiation of the photo plane contract awarded to Hughes. He said Meyers wanted to use the money as a down payment on worth of "liberty bonds." Hughes testified he turned the gen- eral down on the ground such a transaction "might be misinterpret- ed." He said repeatedly he was convinced Meyers had no Idea of doing anything wrong. Meyers already has denied on the stand sworn testimony by a former Hughes attorney that the general tried unsuccessfully to borrow 000 from Hughes during the war. Meyers did acknowledge that he attempted but failed to get a loan from Hughes earlier this year. After the committee had ques- tioned Hughes for hours yesterday on his dealings with Meyers, the Hollywood millionaire launched a rebuttal to charges by other wit- nesses that he never should have been awarded the plane contracts. He noted that Charles E. Wilson, president' of General -Electric and former vice-president of the War Production board, told the commit- tee last week it was "silly" for any- one to have expected delivery of Hughes' photo plane in time for use in the war. "If Mr. Wilson thought it was silly to expect my plane to be com- pleted In time, then why did Mr. .sanction or penult; work on 30 other cxpcrlmental airplanes that were not finished until after the Hughes demanded. He contended that other experi- mental planes started during the war are costing the government more than his contracts have. He congressional Joint committee the investment in the B-36 Lockheed Constitution amounts to and that the B-35 "Fly- U. S., Russia Agree on Palestine Plan for Split Nearing Vote in United Nations By Larry Hauck Lake Success Agreement between the United States and Russia on enforcing partition of Palestine today pushed the proposal to create independent Jewish and Arab nations in the Holy Land nearer a United Nations vote. Dr. Herbert V, Evatt of Australia, chairman of the assembly's 57- natlon Palestine committee, pre- dicted the ballot on acceptance or rejection of partition would come 1 within three days in the committee. The outcome remained in doubt despite the rare U. S.-Soviet accord because of strenuous Arab objec- tions. Attitude of Krltish Another unknown factor was the eventual attitude of the British government toward the cnforcc- mon plan, which provides that Britain, us mandatory power, shall "be responsible for the maintenance of law and order and the conduct j of essential public services in 'Palestine" for an interim period preceding independence. The cabinet was scheduled to McCarthy Hits Woods' Denial of Chicago Rent Hike TJ. S, Senator Milwaukee Joseph McCarthy who Jiclpccl draft tho rent control exten- sion law, declared ycatcrday "prcnont ippllcatlon of the law Is very dlx- turbing" and ho was "afraid it is jolnp to be impossible to continue" Jie law when it expires February 20, 1948. McCarthy, vice-chairman of a meet in London today and a Britsh spokesman said Ills delegation hoped to have definite instruction by to- morrow. The British have insisted that they would not seek to enforce any Holy Land solution which was not acceptable to both the Jews and Arabs. The Jews accept partition and the Arabs threaten force if it Is adopted. Would End Mandate A nine-nation "partition" sub- committco failed to-give-final-ap- provr.l to tho new plan last night despite the over all U. S.-Ru.s.slun agreement On the grounds that the functions and authority of a pro- posed U. N. commission charged with Interim administration had not been sufficiently clarified. Diamonds Glitter As 'Met' Opens Its 63rd Season By Hal Boyle New York Bosoms attracted more attention than "bravos" last night as the Metropolitan opera opened Its 63rd season with enough 100-watt diamonds In the glittering audience to pale the house lights. The "new look" was reflected in a number of daringly low-cut evening dresses that brought wolf calls from bystanders assembled In the lobby and on the streets to watch fashion's darlings parade Into the diamond horseshoe tier. There were .acres of white ermine to snowbllnd a careless man subdued by the tawny simplicity of broad expanses of ex- pensive mink. As is usual in the pomp of open- ing night at the old the cast of Verdi's gaudy "The Masked Ball" played second-fiddle to the spectators, gathered in splendor for the kickoff of New York's social sea- son. It was less an event for music lovers than one for style fans and those who enjoy the pageantry of wealth. Manhattan's aging society dowa- Kcr, Mrs, Cornelius Vandcrbilt. was absent in Hot Springs, Ark., for the second successive year, but in the bejcwcled throng were hun- dreds of others of from Broad- way to Park avenue. There were the Duchess of Talley- rand; Argentine Ambassador Os- car Ivanlsscvlch; Mr. and Mrs. Walter Chrysler; Thomas J. Wat- son, the business machine man, and Mrs. Watson; Mrs. Warren Austin, wife of the chief U. S. delegate to the United Nations; Opera Singers Gladys Swarthout and Dorothy Klrsten, and Frank Sinatra. Two other hardy perennials of opera openings were also present Mi's. Dosha Pwetzkin, who stood in line 30 hours to become for the second successive year the first 'standee" admitted, and Mrs. George wearing Washington her normal Kavanaugh, six diamond bracelets. She didn't drop a carat. Mrs. Kavanaugh lost a bracelet at the 1946 opening, nnd paid the Brooklyn housewife who found it a reward. Police on horseback kept back sidewalk crowds, who gave out with admiring "ohs" and "alls" as the Jeweled tide brick opera The plan calls for termination, of j cameras. the British mandate over May 1, 1948, and creation of the two independent countries no later than next July 1. After the U. S.-Soviet agreement, American Delegate Herschel V. Johnson said in a radio speech that "the chances are good of putting Into effect a workable United Na- tions solution of a difficult inter- national problem." flooded Into palace past the old flashing I Chicago Woman Admits Killing Sparta Farmer Dies in Train-Car Crash Floyd Belts, 47, Sparta, WIs. Sparta farmer, was killed Monday when his auto was struck by a Mil- waukee railroad train near here. Woman Shot at Neillsville Not Out of Danger Chicago Cook county hospital last night reported Mrs. Dorothy Frochaslca, 21, who was shot In the head at Neills- ville, VVIs., six days ago, "shows some Improvement but the prognosis of her case is not good." Mrs. Prochaska was brought to Chicago by ambulance from Neillsville, a 300 mile ride. Her husband, Albert. 2fi, told au- thorities Ills rifle accidentally discharged while he was han- dling it. Tho bullet struck wife while Klio wan lying In bed. Ohio Woman, 29, Admits Drowning Her Two Children Ravenna, Ohio (JP) Sheriff George E. Shields today said a 29- year-old Sunday school teacher had admitted in a verbal statement drowning her two children late yes- terday, in a half-fllled tub of scald- Ing water. The officer said the woman, Mrs. Edward McVeigh, Jr., will be charged with murder today in the deaths of Malcolm, five, and David, two months, at nearby Gcauga-on- the lake. He quoted the woman was saying she threw David into the tub and then "chosen. Malcolm into the base- ment. After beating his head against an iron post and the stairs, she placed him In the tub also and then attempted to drown herself in a shallow pool behind the house, Shields said. The declared the woman gave a reason for the act, but declined to disclose it. She was held under police custody in a hospital where .she was taken In hysterical condi- tion. The McVeighs were married scv- Chicago Mrs. Lucille Muel- cn years ago attending college ler, 35, was quoted by police as Ray- Both have bcen prominent in com- ing she fired two bullets which kill- ed her husband, Chartes, during a nuarrel in their apartment last night. Police Lieutenant Joseph Fallen said Mrs. Mueller told him: "I shot him twice. If there had been 25 bu'.lets in that gun I would have fired them all at him." The woman was held in Jail pend- ing an inquest. Her husband was a communications cable splicer. munity civic affairs. U.A.W. Re-elects Walter Reuther Atlantic City, N. J. Walter Reuther was swept back into office today for a second term as president of the United Auto Workers C J.O. President Leads Nation's Homage To War Dead on Armistice Day tv I-..-..'.... lousing, made the statement while presiding at a hearing on housing. He apparently was referring to the i.cUon of Housing Expediter Tighc E. Woods, who last week rejected he recommendation of the Chicago rent advisory board for a blanket 15 3cr cent Increase in the Chicago "When we were setting the law McCarthy said, "we agreed with'Frank Crccdon to permit local cnt advisory boards to determine when their areas had a KUfflclcnt lousing nupply HO that they couki 30 decontrolled." Crccdon has resigned as housing ixpedltcr, however, McCarthy de- larcd, adding rJiat his successor President Truman Lays n. wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier in the traditional Armistice memorial services at Arlington National cemetery. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) day memorial services at Arlington By The Associated Press ....._________-.j i President Truman led the nation has cost about today in paying homage to tl-.c men 000. Referring to the research value of his flying boat, Hughes declared: "I'm absolutely certain that from the knowledge we have, If this ship cracks up tomorrow, it will be money well spent." Seaman Drowns in Menomonie River Milwaukee Frank Patrick, 25, of Hudson, n seaman on the steamship Willis L. King, fell Into the Menomonie river and- drowned Monday while the ship was unload- Wood'a) is not so Interpreting coal. Police said he may have aw. slipped in the snow. and women who gave their lives for the United States in times of war. In observances in many cities throughout the country marking the anniversary of the end of World War I, military and civilian leaders included Secretory of the Navy John L. Sullivan, James F. O'Nell, national commander of the Ameri- can Legion, and Mrs. Lee W. Hutton of Excelsior, Minn., national presi- dent of the Legion Auxiliary. Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz said in an Armistice day statement that a "strong, well equipped army, as a means or Insuring peace. Mrs. Mutton to Speak stressed the theme of preparedness'navy nnd force" Is necessary to assure Americans "that the peace gained for us by the heroic sacri- Thc President arranged to lay alllcc of the men and women of both wreath at the tomb of the unknown.world wars is prcxcrvccHn the ideals .soldier In the traditional tlce day memorial services llncton National cemetery which they fought." at Ar-' Paris Observance In Paris, the communists made a Detachments from the army, event of western Europe's nizations, uith major observances and marines were assigned to take I main celebration of the armistice on the mall at Central Park and part in the ceremonies sponsored i at the tomb of the unknown soldier before the eternal light in Madlion by the American Legion. Paris. Communist party members were summoned to a parade of "workers, democrats and patriots" following official ceremonies. The avowed purpose of the communist demon- stration was to show "their un- shaken will to defend peace, de- mocracy and the independence of France." The United States army In France planned a ceremony at St. Germain isle in the Seine river for somi; 150 American soldiers of the supply headquarters of the American Braves registration command. In New York, parades were sched- uled by veterans' and reserve orga- square and in TJnlon Plant Seen Beyond Ural Mountains First Explosion Heard for 20 Miles, Claim By Mel Most Paris extreme rightist newspaper LTntransigeant declared in a dispatch from Prague today that Russian scientists exploded a. small sample atom bomb last June In Siberia. The copyrighted article, written by John Griggs, said one 12% -pound bomb of a type made at "Atom- deep in Siberia, was exploded at 10 a. m. June 15 near the Amur river, not far from Irkutsk, It said the explosion was heard for 20 miles. Top Soviet military men were reported among a group of 280 official witnesses. The account declared that first test was made after the "mo- mentary disgrace" of Peter Kapltza. award-winning Soviet nuclear sci- entist, who was replaced by Sergei Vftvilov as hend of the Soviet nuclear research organization, known as "service 126." (U. S. Senator Brian McMahon former or Senate-House atomic energy com- mission, declared January 27 suspected Russia was developing nn atomic fission plane beyond the Ural mountains. He cited nt time a news report from the Soviet union that Kapltza had sent to Siberia as punishment for some crime. McMahon said It "seems obvious to me that a more likely explanation Is that Kapitza Is now busily at work behind the TJrala constructing an atomic fission Griggs' dispatch quoted as au- thority "information transmitted from Moscow" to "confidential i he was told Russian scientists consider Soviet union "five years behind America." in development of pro- duction belt methods. Soviet Foreign Minister V. Molotov said in a Moscow speech, last Thursday that "the secret of tho atom bomb censed to exist a lone time ago." He did not Bay clfically that Russia had the atom bomb. Prime Minister Stalin had said, 13 months before, that "monopolistic possession of the ntom bomb cannot: long continue." This was in answer to a question as to whether he believed posses- sion of the bomb by the United States was n. "throat to peace." Qrlggs quoted his informants as saving the small bombs were being made experimentally at a mushroom (Continued on Pace 4, Column 2) RUSSIANS Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and cloudiness with occasional light snow tonight. Wednesday, cloudy with, snow flurries in the forenoon. Con- tinued rather cold. Low tonight 18; high Wednesday 28, northwest por- tion spreading into south and east central portions this afternoon and, diminishing to snow flurries tonight. Colder northwest and west central portions tonight. Wednesday part- ly cloudy and continued cold. cloudy tonight and Wednesday. Snow flurries to- night and Jn east and south por- tions Wednesday forenoon. Con- tinued cold. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 32: minimum, 16; noon, 30; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at EXTENDED FORECASTS Wisconsin Minnesota: Tempera- ture will average four to eight de- grees below normal. Normal maxi- mum 35 north to 48 south. Normal minimum 20 north to 29 south. Con- tinued cold weather till becoming somewhat warmer Saturday and Sunday. Precipitation will average less than U inch north portion to y. to 'A inch in southern Iowa and extreme southern Wisconsin. Snow flurries Wednesday and in north portion Friday. Snow over most of south portion Thursday and early Friday. DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage Stage Today Red Wing H 2.0 Lake City......... 6.3 Reads 12 3.6 Dam 4, T. W. 4.3 Dam 5, T. W. 2.5 Dam 5A, T. W. 3.4 Winona (C.P. Dam 6. Pool Dam G, T. W. Dakota (C.P.) Dam 7, Pool Dam 7, T. W. La .1 .1 J. 10.2 4.2 7.5 9.3 1.7 Crosse 12 4.6 Tributary Streams :hippewa at Durand Zumbro at Theilman Buffalo above Alma. Black at Neillsville.. Black nt Galesville.. .1 "i -4- .6 2.0 2.1 3.1 2.4 La Crosse nt W. Salem 1.5 Root at Houston.. 5.G RIVER FORECAST (From llaKllnpi to Guttcnberff, Iowa) No gate operation is indicated BO stages will remain practically sta- tionary throughout the district the next 48 hours with slight decrease in tributary flow.