Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 29, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER fair tnnlfhl nil c ONTRIBUTE To Community Cbect Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations ----------W1NONA. MINNESOTA. WEDNESDAY EVENING. OCTOBER 29. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER TWENTY PAGES VOLUME 47. NU. _ _ Aid to Europe, Balanced Budget Urged OTJB -_------------------ i Committee Raps Racial Segregation 35 Made in Report to Preaident By Max Hull A committee appointed by President Truman pro- posed today that rurlal jioBregatlon be wiped out or American life "now." Mr Truman's committee on civil headed by President CharlcH E Wilson of the General Electric Company, miirlc 35 recommenda- on explwlve subjects In the whole civil rights field. It urgtd the enactment of federal anti-lynchlnp, anti-poll tax, and lair employmnnt practice laws- three issues which have torn Con- tcrewi with bitter It recommended that Congress and the state legislatures outlaw and discrimination based on race color, creed, or na- tional origin. In such places BS trains, buses, schools, hospitals, theaters, hotels, restaurants, tho armed and private employ- ment. It proponed that the states out- law "restrictive covenants" by which property owners bind themselves not to soil or lease to "undesirables, 15 on Committee The 15-membcr committee and many others bring the nation the and these measures, inre needed to nearer to full realization of American way" of freedom equality. It time Is for three reasons: Moral, economic and international. The> committee's vlow of the In- ternational aspect was that "the united States n not to strong, the final triumph of the democratic Ideal Is not so inevitable that we ipnorc whnt the world thinks of us or our record." The committee criticized, without names, what it called "ir- respontible opportunists who It practice to attack every pcr- or group with whom they as It said, "We cannot lot these nbuses deter us from the legitimate exposing of real and real rnd added that "tho Mane zeal" must bo nhown In do- lending our democracy against one pwip as against tho other. The committee said "public ex- citement about 'communists' hai rone far beyond good Judgment and calmness, and "a state near- hysterta now threatens to Inhibit freedom of genuine democrats." Concerning federal employes, tho committee said the government has a. duty to dismiss disloyal workers, but their civil rights must bo pro- tected. and procedures should bo out for this protection. Tho 178-page report was made public by tho White House. President Truman set up tho committee last December 8 to study how present laws and governmental agencies may bo "strengthened and Improved to safeguard tho civil rights of tho people." In the group are two Industrial- two labor leaders, two college four church leaders, four lawyers and tho director of an educational fund. With South Much of the report duals with the South and with the Negroes of America. The report said all tho recom- mendations were a "general eon aensus" of the committee except that on two matters where there was a "substantial division of views." These were: 1. The committee recommended that the federal government refuse to prant funds to uny state govern- ment or other agency for public housing or hospitals, for if there is to br Kck'1'c.'nullon 1" tho use of the rnonoy, A minority or the committee, while favoring an end ol segrega- tion as an "ultimate opposed this a requirement for the givlnc of funds. 2. The committee recommended that the Mute i-niict laws banning discrimination in udmliUnK students to the public and private schools. Chuch-supported schools would bo exempted. A "RUbstantltil" minority of the committee was opposed to such laws. Communists Lose In Denmark Vote Copenhacrn, Denmark OP) Danish communists lost nine of their IB seats In tho Folketlng (lower chamber) in yesterday's parliament- ary elections. Until returns showed today, and were running sixth In a flcld of Hcven parties In tho popular vote count. The social democrats, which lean to the Itft of center, won 57 scats In the balloting, a gain of nlno over what thry won In the last election, October 30. 1D45. The right of cen- ter Agrarian party of outgoing Premier Knud Krlstcnscn mado tho greatest pain of any of tho seven parties by winning 49 scats 11 more than In 1045. Most observers attributed tho communist slip to two causes: (1) recent demands for a purge of the Danish government, and (2) Recent communist moves In other European countries. Coroner's Jury Finds Youth Negligent in Crash Near Galesville Guards Halted But Not Mikolajczyk Josof CyranklewlcK told the Polish parliament today that frontier guards had prevented persons from illegally leaving tho country this year but that Opposition Leader Stanls- law Mikolajczyk had managed to floe. Tho premier mild nothing, however, to clarify how Mlko- Ittjwyk. the leader of the Polish Peasant party, had made his way out of the country or his present whereabouts. Cyranklowlcz declared that Mikolajczyk fled after nil his hopes of "foreign intervention" in Poland had vanished. Churchill Motion Against Labor Regime Debated London Conservative peers and opposition members of the House of Congress were reported to- day to be working on plans to revise a Labor government bill aimed at trimming the low remaining powers of the House of Lords, Parliamentary sources said some foes of the government measure, while awaiting tho end of debate on Winston Churchill's' fourth parlia- mentary effort to unseat the Labor government, would meet privately to-day to lay out their Ideas for tho future of the House of Lords. Non-Hereditary SUM cited These Informants said that .among tho proposals to bo considered at this mooting was one to change the membership df tho ancient body from a hereditary bssts'WB-ctumii bor made up of men eminent In various walks) of life, suoh ns doc- tor's trade unionists, Industrialist! and artists. Tho government, apparently fear- ful of tho Lords' opposition to na- tionalization of the iron and steel Industry, has proposed that the Lords' power to delay legislation be cut from two years to one. The upper chamber, since 1011, hos had no power to reject legislation. It can only delay. Debate on Churchill's opposition resolution, calling for a virtual vote of no-confidence in Prime Minister Clement Attlee's government, was due to be wound up today. BurnquUt Named to National Board A. A. Burnqulst of Minnesota was named to tho cx- ocutlvo board ao tho National ASBO- clatlon of Attorneys General clos- ed Its 41st annual convention here last night. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS nonu und vicinity i Generally fair tonight and Thursday. Warmer Thursday, Low tonight 45: Thursday 66. high Minnesota: Fair tonight. Some- what warmer north and cast por- tions. Thursday Increasing cloudi- ness and warmer except becoming cooler with a few scattered showers In afternoon in northwest portion. Wisconsin: Pair tonight and Thursday. Cooler south and cast portions tonight. Slowly rising tem- peratures Thursday afternoon LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon today: Maximum, 50: minimum, 40; noon, 00; precipitation, a trace; nun acts tonight ut 5; sun rl.ses tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Free, Chicago 54 48 .15 Denver CB 3G Duluth so 30 Kansas City 04 40 Los Angeles 71 57 Miami ..............81 Mlnncapolls-St. Paul 58 Now Orleans......... Now York 75 Phoonlx .............88 75 43 CO 62 53 .30 1.38 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-Hr. Stage Today Change Red Wing 14 LnKO City........ 6-3 Roads 12 3.4 Dam 4, T.W...... 4.3 Dam 5, T.W...... 2.4 Dam 5A, T.W. Winona 13 5.3 Dam 6, Pool....... 10.0 Dam 8. T.W....... 7.8 8.7 Crosso 12 4.6 Tributary Streams 2.2 2.5 1.8 3.0 2.5 La'crosse at W. Salem 1.7 Root at Houston 0.0 .1 .1 .1 .1 Dakota Dam 7, Pool Dam 7, T.W. Lft Chlppowa at Durand. Zumbro at Thcllman. Buffalo above Alma... Trcmpealcau at Dodge Black at Black at Galesvlllo .1 .3 .1 .2 .1 -I- .3 .3 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastlnjrx to Guitenbcrg) During tho next 48 hours tho up- per pools from La Crosse southward to dam ten will fall .2 to .3 foot. Elsowhero throughout this district there will bo llttlo change. Frank Wieczorek of Bluff Siding Sun Blinded Him Whitehall, Wls. A verdict of a high degree of negll- House Group Cites 2 More In Film Quiz Contempt Orders Now Pending Against Six Washington Two more screen figures were cited for con- _____ tompt by a House Un-American nc- gonco was entered by the coroner's I tlvltlos subcommittee today, raising inrv in the inquest here Tuesday to six the number now facing this jury In the inquest afternoon into the death of Mrs. Lawrence (Marian) Stafford, 25, Lu Crosse, in an auto collision be- tween 3 und p. m, October 10 In front ot the Young Brothers farm, dalesvillc. Frank Leo "Wieczorek, 13, Siding, was adjudged highly negli- gent. It was his car which crashed into the Stafford car. District At- torney La Vcrn Q. Kostner, Arcadia, said no charge has been made against wlcczorck as yet. Coroner Martin A. Wclmer, Inde- pendence, conducted the Inquest, with the district attorney doing the questioning. Jurors were Adolph Hanson, B. M. Skogstad, Joel Haugh, Clarence H. Johnson, Ralph Rasmuson and Ole Halllngstad, all ol "Whitehall. 'Alter hearing testi- mony for tlireo hours the Jurors deliberated 20 minutes before re- turning their verdict. Doctor Testifies Dr. Henry A. Jegi, Galesville, first witness on the stand, testified that he was called to the scene of tho accident, on highway 53 about a hnlf-mllo east of Galesvllle, on the afternoon of Sunday, Octo- ber 10, and the he found Mrs, Stafford dead ol a hemorrhage from a cut clear across her throat which had severed most, if not all. tho largo blood vessels in the throat. She had apparently, he said, been cut when thrown through the windshield. Mr. Wieczorek, son of Mr. and Mrs. Leo Wieczorek. Bluff siding, who WOB driving a 1037 sedan west toward Galesvllle when he swerved south to tha left side of the high- way and head-on into the car driven by Mr. Stafford, testified that he, accompanied by Miss Mar- jorie Ramsey, La Crosse, and her friend. Miss Botty Jean Hanson, IM Crosse, started from ,La Crosse about o'clock the afternoon of tho accident and headed toward Bluff Siding and Winona, driving slowly while they looked for pheas- ants und other game 'in the corn- fields because ho hod guns In tho car and planned to shoot if he found game. Blinded by Sun He did not go an estimated 20 miles an hour, he said, until he passed Hunter's bridge and ap- proached Galesvllle, and, seeing no cornfields along the road, picked up speed but did not exceed, he estimated, 45 miles an hour. Ho testified that as he approached what later became the scene of tho accident ho saw ft 1933 or 1037 Plymouth car ahead of him, gray In color, and as he traveled on he neared the rear of the car, which accusation. The committee acted against: Samuel Ornltz. a writer. Herbert Blbermnn, a producer and director. Culled as witnesses In the com- mittee's rcds-ln-HoIlywood Investi- gation, these figures refused to an- swer questions. They took the same stand four writers had taken earlier the committee had no right to Inquire into their affiliations or political beliefs. The eighth day of the commit- tee's hearings was launched with a statement from Chairman Thomas (R.-N. that it won't'stop "un- til, all the communists In Holly- wood are but immediately ran into difficulties. Thomas Heads Statement Before calling Screen Writer Sam Ornltz as the first witness, Thom- as read a prepared statement in which he referred to "powerful in- fluences" which he said "have sought in every manner to divert this committee from Its main course of Inquiry." Ornltz is one of 19 writers and workers represented by Robert W. Kenny, Los Angeles attorney. Four of the 19 already have been cited for contempt for failing to answer committee questions as to whether they are communists. After Blberman, the committee called Emmett Lavcry, a ruddy- faced man of 43. who said he was "delighted and proud" to acknowl- edge that he Is a member and presi- dent of the Screen Writers guild. Almost as soon as he seated him- self at the witness table, he said: "As a student of constitutional law, I am not sure this committee has the right to aslc the questions It is asking. "But let me break your suspense at once. I am not a communist. I never have been a communist. I do not intend to become a communist. "I am a Democrat, who in my youth was a Republican, Now if tho committee would like to know why I became a Democrat." Thomas Interrupted, "The com- mittee is not The crowd laughed. Lavery told the committee "there are probably communists In the Screen Writers but said their influence "is not half as much as they make out." Lavery said he was certain that communists have not controlled the guild during the three terms he served as president. Tuesday three of Kenny's clients Writers Dalton Trumbo, Alvah Bessie and Albert answer the communism question yesterday and promptly Joined Writer John Howard Lawson In the vs? rvs order to either stop When he was approximately feet from tho rear of tho gray car, he estimated, ho turned left to pass the car and at the same time applied his brakes. He testi- fied that he saw no cars approach- Ing from tho opposite direction ex- cept cars a hnlf-mllo dlstnnt on the curve coming out of the city of Galesvllle. He at no tlmo saw the Stafford car approaching, he (Continued on Pago 16, Column 5) GALESVILLE Jnstitutcd contempt procccd- failed to answer the question Monday, 6 Hurt in Minneapolis Car, Truck Accident Minneapolis Charles Hy- sell, 57, the motorman, and six pas- sengers were injured, none seri- ously, last night when a streetcar and semitrailer loaded with steel sheet collided. Donald Kampa, the truck driver, was not hurt. Babcock Tablet Unveiling Draws Tributes of State Elk River, Minn. Friends and neighbors of his lifetime Joined today with state officials in paying tribute to 'the late Charles M. Bab- cock as a monument was unveiled at the homeaito of tho man who is called "the father of the Minnesota trunk highway system." Babcock died at his liome here in 1936 after having served as state highway commissioner, from 1917 to 1932. The monument, erected by the Charles M. Babcock Memorial as- sociation, consists of a granite block inset with. a bronze plaque bearing his. likeness, and inscribed in, part: "Erected by the people of Minne- sota in grateful appreciation of his distinguished service for the com- mon good." Christiansen Speaks Dates on the plaque recalled that Babcock had served on the old state highway commission for seven years before becoming commissioner. He was born at Santiago, near here. In 1871. Former Governor Theodore Christ- iansen, under whom Babcock served for some years, delivered the dedica- tory address, declaring that the late commissioner was a man "who would be remembered for his successful ideas." "If I were asked to compile top- ranking names in the history of our Christiansen said, "that list would not contain the names of a single governor, senator or other elected public official. Gives Credit to Builders "Some were conspicuous and im- portant lor a lew years but after they find .strutted their brief spans upon the stage they wore seen mid heard no more. The men of enduring significance have been the builders, whose works. Jiving after them, have given them immortality. "In the builders category I would Include Edward D. Nclll, creator of the public school .system; Cyrus Northrop, who took over what was little more than a frontier academy and expanded into what is now the University of Minnesota, one of the nation's foremost colleges; James J. Hill, who built an empire with a transcontinental railroad, and Wil- liam and Charles Mayo, who estab- lished the world's greatest medical center at Rochester. "History will also accord a place In this list of builders for Charles M. Babcock, whose highway system will be more enduring than the Vatican Choir Stranded in Phoenix Phoenix, dif- ficulties have temporarily left the 54 members of the world famous Vatican choir of Italy stranded in Phoenix. Due to leave here today for Ely, Nov., the departure time was post- poned until tomorrow while new financial backing for the group was being sought, according to Sol Interpreter for the choir. The choir is composed of 24 youths ranging in ages from eight to 13 23 laymen and seven fathers. Not one member of the choir can make himself understood in Eng- lish. The Rev. Klllan Pryor of St. Mary's church said he was in- formed that two bus drivers who had not been paid for five -weeks had declined to continue the tour unless their money was forthcom- ing. of the opposition national peasant party, today of conniving wltfi. U. S. representatives and striving to bring about foreign intervention in Ro- Paris Police Quell Communist Riot Paris Unofficial counts of the number injured in last night's bloody, head-cracking street fight between communists and Paris po- lice ranged today from 40 to 300. The riotous street brawling, the first major political street battling in Paris since the bitter political conflicts of 1936, occurred only a few hours after Premier Paul Rama- dier opened Ms government's fight for life in the national assembly, summoned Into special session to dctil with Prance's vexing political and economic problems. Communists estimated to number about responded to a call In their newspaper L'Humanlte to break up an anti-communist meet- ing in the Place d'Etoilc. sponsored by former Senator Gustavo Gua- thcrot. They besieged the meeting place and broke through three police linos and a wooden barricade before police drove them off. The meeting, attended by about persons, was held and ended early today. An official police statement said eight officers had been hurt. The assembly, which yesterday heard Ramadlcr attack both the communists and General Charles de Gaulle, was in recess until to- morrow, when it was expected a Romanian Blamed For With United States Bucharest. Romania A military tribunal indictment ac- cused Dr. Juliu Maniu, aged leader Lovett told his news conference mania. Eighteen of Maniu's also were on trial. They had been under arrest- since summer but today. (The United States had pro- tested twice to Romania about the The lengthy indictment asserted that a letter, from-Dean Acheson. former TJ. 8. under secretary of state, had been found in Maniu's secert files and that the letter dissuaded Maniu from using vio- lence "at this moment." The indictment, words long, accuses the Peasant party of ally- Ing itself with "members of tho American espionage service" in or- ganizing a movement In Romania. Named in the indictment 'members of the American espio- nage service" were Major Thomas Hall and First Lieutenant William Hamilton, former members of the mission in Romania. The Treasury Head Opposes Cut in Taxes Major on Marshall Plan Seen Next Week VRuhlnRton Secretary of Treasury John W. Snydcr said to- day the United States should keep its budget balanced In providing old for Europe under the Marshall self-help recovery program. Snyder said that not only would he like to sec Congress provlda revenues to cover any such Kid costs, but also allow enough mar- Bin each year to apply something for reducing tbe national debt. For these reasons, the Treasury secretory said he is opposed to any change in present taxes until Con- gress decides how much aid can provided under the European re- covery plnn suggested by Secretary of State George Marshall. Snyder told reporters he Is not proposing that costs of the plan necessarily be scaled down to keep it within available, budgetary sur- pluses. He said he "wants revenue pro- vided" to cover the cost of the statement that could be Inter- preted to mean increasing tax reve- nues If necessary as well as down aid requests. The 16 western European who would benefit from- the Mar- shall plan have reported they will need in aid for through 1951, with the TJ. S. supply most of It. Aid requirements foe next year alone was set at about Major Dccblons Promised Under Secretary of State Robert series of major decisions regarding1 Marshall plan old will be made by early next week. Lovett did not elaborate on what these decisions may be or what phase of the plan associates they may affect. Lovett said studies so Jar seem to make clear that some of the goods charges were not specified until to be shipped to Europe, such food and consumer materials, have to be financed by grants in aid, that is given by the CT. 8. to the European countries involved. Other goods would be sent on a loan basis, Including long-range con- struction materials, such as steeL Replying to a question about taxes, Snyder said President Tru- man "will talk about taxes" in his message to the special session of Congress November 17. Then he added quickly that reason for saying so is that Mr. Truman "always does" talk about taxes. Snyder added that cj as no "inside dope" on what the Presi- granite and bronze in his memorial I vote of confidence would be taken. Most observers thought Hjima- monumcnt." Seven-year-Old Bonny Markee, right, Visits with Charles John- stone 70 in his blacksmith shop near Union Center, WiS., after the two'earned that they were named to divide the estate in the Will of Mrs. Effle McNamara. who died last month. Johnstpnc was caretaker of the McNamara estate many years. Bonny used to nm errands for Mrs. McNamara, who lived across the street. (A.P. Wire-, photo to Tho Barkley Shaken in Auto Crash Owcnsboro. Ky. Senator Alben W. Barkley (D.-Ky.) was shaken and bruised in an auto- mobile, collision during, a state cam- paign tour yesterday, but continued his speaking schedule. The 69-year-old Senate minority leader came on here for an address last night In behalf of Representa- tive Earle C. Clements gubernatorial nominee. India Pours Troops Into Kashmir Fight New government of India continued to pour more troops into Kashmir by air today amid conflicting reports concern- ing the progress of operations against a force of several, thousand Invading Pathan tribesmen Irom the northwest frontier province In Pakistan. Pakistan radio reports heard here snid that the invaders had filtered into the Kashmir capital of Srina- gar and tliat the city was trt danger ot capture, but this was denied by the Indian government. The situation in Kashmir, a pre- dominantly Moslem state, stems from its government's recent de- cision to Join the Hindu dominion of India. dler would be small margin. able to win by a McCormick Praises McArthur and Taft Honolulu Colonel Kobert R. McCormick, editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune, said last night "I would like to see General MacArthur make a triumphal re- turn he is the only good general to come out of the war." McCormick and Ills wife arrived at p. m., aboard a Pan-Amer-, lean Clipper en route to the Orient. McCormick said he has a high regard for both MacArthur and Senator Robert Tnft but did not know whether MacArthur is inter- ested in becoming a presidential candidate. dent plans to say. Earlier Senator Buck that restoration of war- time food rationing on a limited scale "might be feasible" In order to aid Europe. But he turned chief thumbs down on return to any the'mTsslon, also was mentioned form of price control several times in the indictment. Son Says Father Killed Mother Colorado Springs, Colo. Paso county officers today investi- gated a six-year-old mystery, brought to light when a son ac- cused his prosperous rancher father of shooting his mother and burying her remains in a farm shed. Sheriff Ray Slocum. said that held for investigation Is Junla Wes- ley Vandervoort, 61, who steadily denied the shooting, maintaining his wife "Just rushed off" early in 1D41 and hasn't been heard from. Slocum said the son, Wesley, 21, after, telling of the alleged shoot- ing, directed authorities to the shed on the ranch southeast of here where they dug up most of a human skeleton, and clothing fragments. The son told this story, according to Slocum: The elder Vandervoort, in a rage shot his wife with, a small rifle as she attempted to crawl under u fence to flee from. him. He forced Wesley to help stuff the body In a wash boiler which he buried in a dry arroyo three miles from the ranch home. The father dug it up three nights later and threw the body in a peg pen. Finally he burled the remains in the dirt floor of the shed in a hole which he forced the son to dig. The sheriff quoted the son as saying he. kept Quiet under threat of death by his father but decided to break his silence after hearing the rancher had been mistreating a brother. Vandervoort, a native of Bloom- ington, HI., told police he had been acquitted In Wellington, Kan., in 1011 of a charge of murdering his first wife, Cora. He said he shot her accidentally, mistaking her for a burglar in the dark. Globe-Circling Pilots in Alaska After Crossing Pacific in Cubs Adak, Alaska The treacherous North Pacific cross- ing lay behind globe-girdling pilots Clifford Evans and George Truman and their tiny planes today, but the long Aleutian island chain, the "Cradle of lay ahead. The two former army fliers and their 100-horsepower planes landed at Shemya at p. m., Pacific Standard Time (7-35 p. m. last night after a. flight of 13 hours, 28 minutes from Nemuro Airfield, on northeastern Hokkaido island, Japan. The distance Is about miles. Shemya. is 420 miles west of here. Buck is a member of the Senate banking committee. This group jmd Its House counterpart will consider the price-curbing program which. President Truman has announced he will Iny before Congress at special session opening November 17. Rationing Dincuwwd Mr Truman has not disclosed de- tails of the plan, but he recently termed rationing and price control the methods of a police state. He said they were necessary In war, but undesirable sn pence. But Buck told a reporter: "I thinK rationing of certain con- sumer goods might be feasible If are ROtog to be able to help Europe. I have in mind such products ns aro in demand for export, among them some kinds of meat, as well as but- ter and lard and shortening." The Delaware Republican said, too, that some sort of producer ra- tioning should be set up for wheat, steel and perhaps lumber. Choice of Two "As I see It." Buck added, "we'va got a choice of only two things. Either we must curtail our ship- ments abroad of food and other things, or we must find a Way of tak- ing the pressure from prices at home by a system of fair distribution of commodities in demand abroad." One slight hitch lias developed in the JLuckmnn drive to conserve, grain, but officials sold they do not anticipate that it will do any appre- ciable damage to the program. A Kentucky Judge ruled the citi- zens committee has no authority to force distilleries to shut down for the 60-day liquor-making holiday started at midnight Saturday. Tariff Pact With Britain Reported London Harold "Wilson, president of the Board of Trftde, said today that Great Britain has reached a tariff agreement with the United States, He told a news conference would be published in about weeks. _ Lawyer Convicted of Stealing From Blind Man Ellrabeth, N. J. A 38- Newark lawyer today faced sentence for twice stealing from the stand of a blind man. Harry Lleb of Newark, wept yes- terday when a jury of eight women and four men convicted him. Ho had testified that he forgot to pay f.or tho clears through tnUteke."