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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 24, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER with Hiht mini PlniMlr WHrmer. c ONTRIBUTE To Commnnlty Chert Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. 211 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING. OCTOBER 24, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Bar Harbor in Ruins After Fire Taft Enters 1948 Race Ohio Only Primary Scheduled Brown to Manage Prcconvention Drive for Senator By D. Harold Oliver Washington Senator Bob rrt A. Tuft of Ohio formally an- nounced his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination describing the ruco n.i "wide open. Tail's long-expected formal entry contained In ft lotter to K. Johnson, chairman of the Republican state committee. Th committee and other O.O.F. group had urged him to make the rac last July 31. The letter was written befori President Truman's nnnouneomenl to Taft und other congrosslona leaders that he was calling a special nesslon of Congress November 17. Broum Named Tuft wrote Johnson that he would keep upeaklng engagements already lined up out that alter the Senate met In 1948 he would be too busy here to make n personal campaign lor the nomination. The. aenator hurried from ycster- day's White House conference ti catch a plane for Cincinnati where he delivered an off-thc-record talk at the Commonwealth club las night. It was not learned Immedi- ately whether the special session call might cause any change In plans. The senator designated Repre wntatlve Clarence J. Brown, Republican national commltteoman as his preconventlon campaign manager. Taffs name, of course, will ne entered to Ohio's primary. The law there requires consent of the can- didate before ft delegate slate can be- formed. Now that they have his consent. Ohio Republicans will utart lining up a slate of delegate candidates pledged to him. Taft told Johnson he has no "present Intention" of entering any other state primaries because, he that would require an active personal campaign and more time and money available." In his letter, Taft said ho has been encouraged by "numerous of- fers. oJ support from all parts of the country." Ho said he believe; the nomination race Is "wide open' on the basis of observations made on his recent western tour, and that the winner will be picked from among "many able and competent Republicans" by a convention act- liu: as a "free deliberative body." Taft's announcement, which had been forecast for weeks. Is the sec- ond to come from a number of possibilities, Harold E. Stasson, for- mer Minnesota governor who at 40 Is 18 years younger than Taft, an- nounced last December, and has been on the campaign trail elnco. Whether the Ohlonn's formal entry will arouse to more outward notion the camps of Governor Thomas E. Dcwey of New York and othern remains to bo seen. A drive has been under way for some weeks to build up support for Oon- eral Dwlght D. Elsenhower, but the army chief of staff Insists he wants "nothing to do with politics." Taft in his second term In the Senate, Is chairman of his party's policy committee In that body and also heads the labor committee which helped write the Tnft-Hart- ley labor relations act. Ho Is a vigorous critic of the Truman ad- ministration's domestic and foreign policies. He has been Ohio's favorite son for the presidential nomination twice 103C before ho was a senator and in 1040. At Albany, N. Y., a spokesman for Dewey said the governor had no comment on the Taft announce- ment. London Trains Crash; 31 Dead London wrv- Two commuter- Washington..........85 packed suburban rlectrlc trains col- Rcglna Jo lidrd in a dense fen this morning, killing nt Irftsl 31 persons and In- Jurinc C3 others. Railway officials ono of tho Reel Wing trains was probing Its way slowly LrUlIlA WHS Wi through the fog toward South Croy- Reads 12 don when there suddenly was a don wncn tnere suuacmy WHS unm 1, T.W....... blinding nosh and a grinding ex- pam G, T.W....... 2.5 plosion as a following train rammed Dam 5A, T.W...... 3.2 Into the reur of the first. Wlnona ___ Kl1 The last two coaches of tho flrst Dam Pooi train were thrown off the rails and nnm 0 TW the two lending cars of tho follow- Dakota ing train were splintered, smashed _ p'' J find telescoped. There Is no loco- 7 TW motive on these commuter trains. Nearby residents said there was ljtt oomplrtc silence for a few moments after the crash and then they bo- can to hcnr screams and erics fpr fOK help coming through tho swirling K. Cllmblnc hlifh, spiked Hillings tho rushed to tho sccno and passcnKrrs flKhUnc tholr way from the wrecked carrlnccs. kick- ing out broken windows and culling for help for the Injured, Ambulances uncl Mr engines runh- rd to the nccno but tho latter wore cot needed. City Officials Meeting At Rushford Ask Share Of State Gasoline Tax Anti-Freeze Time? 22-Day Warm Spell Ended After a 22-day lull of near-record October weather, the mercury taw 10 fit to plummet to a low of 47 las 10 night and had' risen only two de- is grcos to ft chill 49 by noon today. Precipitation totaled .05 Inches half of which was the result o Thursday's suppertime rainstorm. Newly furnace-conscious Wlno nans begun looking Into the possl bllitlei of obtaining new anU-treeze or re-using last year's. Pigskin fol- lowers thought of observing games In of warmer clothing and Markets. Hot water bottles, mayhap made tholr appearance. Last night's low was not the minimum temperature recorded this autumn, however. A reading of 29 was recorded September 30 and a 3 reading October 1. Thursday's rainfall was general over the state, ranging from .OS In the Twin Cities to .84 at Willmar. The permitted final mop ping of fall grass and brush fires rt northern and central Minnesota taking pressure off the battling fire- fighters. Nationally, -weather picture was Light falls of 'mow and rain anc lower. temperatures were reported over sections from the Rockies to the central Missouri Valley but con- Jnued'mlld weather was forecast.for ;he Eastern states and from the Ohio valley southward. There no Indication of rain for the northwestern section of the country tfhere forest fires have been raging. The Dakotas and Montana were the coolest areas in early morning with temperatures near and below the freezing mark. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity Consider- able cloudiness tlnlght with oc- casional light rain in the evening Continued cool, lowest 45. Saturday, partly cloudy and a little warmer, 05. Minnesota Cloudy with little ihangc In temperature tonight. Oc- joslonal light rain ending early to- night. Saturday partly cloudy and warmer. cloudy tonight and Saturday, with occasional light rain west and central portions to- night and Saturday morning, be- coming partly cloudy and a little warmer Saturday afternoon. Minnesota and peratures will average near normal, formal maximum 47 north to. 55 southern Wisconsin. Normal mini- mum 30 north to 38 south. Warmer Saturday and Sunday becoming colder Monday and Tuesday. Pre- cipitation will average one quarter nch occurring as occasional rain Sunday or Monday. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 70; minimum, 47; noon, precipitation, .05; sun iota tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Pros. Bcmldjl 43 40 .30 3onvor..............47 Duluth 44 ntornatlonal Tails 48 Miami ..............81 Mlnneapolis-St. Paul 56 Now Orleans.........81 Seattle 60 32 41 .IB 37 .29 78 47 .02 88 43 .07 51 30 .11 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Btage 24-hr. Stago Today Change City 4, T.W. C.O 4.2 4.1 Thollman Uiffalo above Alma Black at Nolllsvlllo Black at Oalesvlllo LaCrosso at W. Salem___ Root at Houston 5.6 10.1 4.3 7.4 9.0 1.7 12 1.8 2.0 2.2 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -1-0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -1-0.1 (From to Gattcnberjr) Tho present rainfall will not ma- terially change tho river stages so there will bo little change through- out tho district over the weekend. the state tax. Goodview Need Not Wait for Liquor Store, Belief By Staff Writer RunhforU, Minn. Sixty South- eastern Minnesota municipal offl- clals were spurred here Thursday night into a drive to remove the gross discrimination" of a tax plan under which 30 per cent of the tra- veled miles in the state are made on streets of cities and villages which receive no revenue from either gasoline or registration Q. C. Ludwig, executive secretary of the League of Minnesota Muni- cipalities, sponsor of the meeting, urged tho municipal officials from three counties "to flght for a fair share of the automobile tax dol- lar." Hu pointed out that the county gets one-third nnd the state two- thirds of the gasoline tax, the state receives all of the rovcnuo from registration, and municipalities get none from either. More Miles Traveled The percentage of the vehicular miles traveled on per an understatement, said Mr. Ludwig, declaring that "It costs more to build and maintain a mile of street than a mile of highway." He mentioned snow removal, not Just snow plowing; street lighting; policing and parking, which necessi- tates a wider roadway than for merely traveling. Picking up the discussion, aimed at .to remove the "gross City Engi- neer Carl W. Frank suggested that the Minnesota highway deportment and the counties "need all the money they "are "getting. We can't take any away from. them. What is needed is an additional cent or two of gasoline tax for distribution to municipalities and other govern mental unite." This discussion got under- way when James Darrell, of the -Minne- sota highway department, explain- ed that after snowstorms the high- way department was primarily In- tent on clearing a road on the high- way and could not concern Itself immediately with sweeping wide the highways when they run on city streets. That explanation was made n response to a question from Sen- ator Leonard W. Dernek, Wlnona. But the discussion ranged far and wide at this four-hour dinner.meet- Ing at the Ferndale Country club, with Rushford Mayor Norman Berg and other Rushford officials as hosts. The officials discussed municipal liquor stores, methods of assessing sower removal .of gar- bage and refuse, federal aid to hos- (Contlnued on 8'; Column 4) CUV OFFICIALS Woman Politician in Britain at 76 Arabella Susan Lawrence, former member of par- liament and chairman of thB Labor party in 1930, died today. She was 76. Baruch Cites Mobilization Mistakes Lives, Dollars and Time Lost, Adviser to Presidents Says Washington Bernard M Baruch declares today "thousands of lives, extra billions of dollars and months of time" were lost In World War II because the gov- ernment repeated the mobilization errors of World War I. The 77-year-old adviser to presi- dents told the Senate war Investi- gating committee the armed serv- ices had a mobilization-day plan "which, would have -saved precious lives and the wasted wealth, but they were not permitted to put it Into effect." "We were told this was a differ- ent kind of Baruch said in his prepared testimony, "and none of that 'old world war i stuff was wanted." The committee Is trying to learn why 193B industrial mobilization plan was .discarded by the Roose- velt administration after Pearl Harbor. No Action Baruch, who headed the war In- dustries board of World War I, was named by President Roosevelt, in 1935 as chairman of a commit- tee of cabinet officers to find ways of taking the profits out of war. In addition to working with this group, the witness said, he appear- ed before congressional committees and "went fully Into all the ques- tions now before us." But in the end, Baruch said, "there was no action" to put his when they, were clearly after the war began. Controls Baruch said the policy of "piece- meal" controls led to the present threat of next to human slaughter, maiming and destruction, Is the 'worst conse- quence of war. It creates lack of confidence of men in themselves and In their government." What was needed, he said, was an over-all price control law includ- ing and con- trol of all prices, wages, rents and Truman to Report Tonight On Special Session Call Aid Program and Tax Cut Possible, Stassen Believes fumbling" and "in- nomination, said last night toe aid in 1948 and still reduce taxes .bout in the year. Addressing the annual meeting of he Maplcwood civic association, the 'ormer Minnesota governor outlined a. financial program for 1948 which contained the following additional raints: Payment on the national debt of approximately in addi- 'tlon to interest. A-balanced federal budget Maintenance of "excellent mill- food." Instead, he said, "alter having granted favors to one class, group ifter group fought for favors, until we found ourselves upon economic stilts. Then restrictions were re- moved while peace was still distant." Reminding the committee that ho has applied the phrase "cold war" to postwar "lack of unity among the Baruch de- clared: "We are In the midst of a cold war which is getting warmer." 13 Missing After Czech Factory Blast Pllscn, teen persons were reported missing today following an explosion in the Trylc chemical fat'tory. Workers are hunting In the burned ruins for bodies. tary strength during this unstable world period, with particular em- phasis on research and on air pow- Strlct economy In all other ac- tivities of the federal, government. '48 License Plates Coming Out Early St. 1947 auto- license plates are exhausted, wi and highways earlier this year, Sec- retary of State Mike Holm said to- car delivered to a pur- before January 1 becomes day. A chaser subject to the registration tax and must bear license plates before it can be operated, Holm. .said. Con- sequently, with 1947 plates exhaust- Latt Special Session WasbJngton The special session of Congress was convened by President Roos- evelt on September 21, 1939, to change this country's neutrality act. In a 44-day session the law- makers voted to permit Europe's belligerents to buy arms and other products here on a cash- and-carry basis. Since 1900, 13 special sessions have been called. Including the one President Truman ordered for' November 17 to consider price and forelgm relief prob- lems. furnish the background against which, upon the actual convening, on streets he will recommend a three-point program of action to the Republi- can-led .Congress. Mr. Truman made clear yesterday when that much toward the closo of a tensely active day, he read newsmen an announcement that he had just signed a special session proclamation. Longest Session ed, the secretary ordered 1948 plates Less than an hour before the distributed to new car purchasers, Reds Seek to Control Schools [n Los Angeles, Committee Told Washington (fP) Oliver Carl- son, former communist told the Souse un-American activities com- mitte today that communists have sought control of the public schools of Los Angeles, The Los Arigclcs local chapter of the American Federation of Teach- ers "has been dominated by com- Carlson said. Many teachers, he added, have refused to join the union because f its communist leaning and have complained to the parent union Ho said communist leaders have worked for years to extend the party's influence in Hollywood. Ell Jacobson, he related, was sent rom New York to Hollywood to direct activities and was, in 1938, under specific instructions to con- duct classes and general educational iropaganda among the film folk." Carlson was colled to the witness chair after Mrs. Lela Rogers of Hollywood had testified that com- munist activities In the movie capl- ol are Increasing but "I feel we The four big stars drew another record crowd which was composed largely of women and autograph- seeking bobby-soxers. Their combined testimony boiled A iltZAA (down to assertions that commu-'of Crabbe is a very healthy specimen" today. Cooper said most of the com- munist activity that he had en- countered in Hollywood was "word have held them in posing thorn." check by ex- Mrs, Rogers said communists have >btained control of "many schools" ind have injected their propaganda nto many places, "even the little women's clubs." She cited the picture "None But he Lonely Heart" as a "splendid xample" of communist propaganda n tho movies. Anti-Climax But today's session generally was n anti-climax to yesterday's per- ormnncn which featured Gary Coopor, Robert Montgomery, Ronald Reagan, George Murphy and Dl- ector Leo McCarey. For instance I a man some inroads in Holly- wood but that the industry has been successful in keeping propa- ganda off the .screen. The account of the Broadway "assassination" highlighted the ten- minute appearance of Cooper. The drawling 46-year-old he-man of the screen heard with amazement com- munists reports of what he sup- posedly had been doing recently to help the red cause. 'Healthy Today' 150 years out of "It is very shocking to hear someone with a lot of money say such a thing." Cooper and the committee coun- sel put into the record two pam- phlets circulated by communists in Italy and Yugoslavia. The first told about Cooper's addressing a crowd of persons in. Phila- delphia, and quoted him as saying it great honor to be a com- munist." The reports, read into the com-! "I've never been in President had Informed a confer- ence of Republican and Democratic congressional leaders of Ills decision to take that action. Earlier in the day hp had met with his cabinet for twc hours and 35 record tion. session for his adminlstra- To the news conference he said he had given the congressional leaders "detailed information con- cerning the alarming and continu- ing increase in. prices in this coun- try and the situation regarding the need for emergency foreign aid." He later referred to this as the "crisis in western Republican leaders readily agreed with the chief executive's right to call the session. But several made clear his "recommendations will be (Continued on Page 8, Column 6) TBOMAN Coal Consumers Should Buy Now, Report Says Washington The nation is not threatened with a general coal shortage, but consumers in some areas would be wise to buy now, a report to Secretary of In- terior J. A. Kru'g said yesterday. mittee record to demonstrate how cooper said. "I am told it would be] The report came from a commit- communists capitalize on big were contained in pamphlets dis- tributed to theater goers in Italy and Yugoslavia. One told how Buster Crabbe, a follow actor, had been machine- gunned to death in gangster fashion at Seventh and Broadway in New York city last June 3 because he had come upon 'some "valuable documents" exposing "tho criminal and aggressive plans of reactionary circles in America." Philadelphia 'Appearance' pretty difficult to get people fee representing coal producers and Soldier Views AH That Is Left of the Hotel Malvcrn at Bar Harbor, Maine, alter disastrous lires swept the town. CAP Wire- photo to The m Loss m 7 Communities Nine Deaths Reported, Dry Forests in Flames' Bar Harbor, fa- bled summer playground of the rich, and six other .communities, virtually wiped out today as winds fanned woodland flres ravag- ing New England liito fresh fury with the death, toll, already at, 11 and property tlomage- amounting above A spectacular all-night evacua- tion by land and peacetime Bar Harbor a de- serted town as townsfolk fled By John M. Hlghtower Tru- man drafted a report to the nation today on his "compelling reasons" for ordering a special session of Congress November 17 to meet a economic emergency in Europe and to check "alarming" I inflation at home. The chief executive is scheduled o broadcast the report over all radio networks at 9 o'clock (C.S.T.) tonight. Officials predlcteJ'that it will be a sweeping analysis of the critical economic conditions Mr. Truman sees tills nation confronted with both hero and abroad. And it will Broadf oot Speaks To Wisconsin Municipal Rally Green .presi- dent of the League' of Wisconsin Municipalities; R.' J.'' Bclesteln of CassvUle, yesterday protested to the groupls.- annual- convention what he said .had been a "swear" attack on the league's' lobbying activities by some publications. In his annual report Eckstein complained of improper lobbying tactics employed by some of the league's legislative opponents. Eckstein condemned the lobbying pressure of the organized munici- pal flremen and the vocational schools; groups with whom the league has tangled frequently in leg- islative disputes. Speakers addressing, the conven- tion Included Assemblyman. Grover Broadfoot of Mondovl, author of the 1947 legislative act establishing a bureau of alcoholic studies In the state department of public welfare. Broadfoot predicted that alcohol- ism clinics at the state's expense will bo established tliroughout Wis- consin. during the next two years. The convention will end' tonight. Rye Being Shipped Across Border N. the face of a 60-day distilling holiday ordered by the National citizens' food com- mittee, it was learned today that thousands of bushels of rye grown in the United States are being ship- ped across the border into Canada. In Canada, the American-grown cereal Is reportedly being sold at more a bushel -than Is being paid at XT. S. markets. The Fargo Forum today said from 35 to 40 rye-ladened trucks have crossed the border daily for the post ten days at Neche, and that the volume seems to be steadily In- creasing. The report followed an announce- ment by Chairman Charles Luck- man that the citizens' food commit- tee Is rejecting appeals by 14 small distillers for exemption as special hardship coses from the1 distilling holiday scheduled to begin at mid- night Saturday, Customs officers at Neche said the trucks carry from 200 to 600 bush- els Fargo grainmen con- firmed the report and. said the grain is being bought in. Canada at about per bushel. to turn out in Philadelphia." McCarcy Testimony McCarey, director of several pic- tures including "Going My Way" and "The Bells of St. told the committee these pictures had made a lot of money In America 'but we never got one ruble on them from Russia." "They had a character in them that the Russians don't he said. 'Who, Bing asked Ro- Fleet Unit Practice in Atlantic Scheduled With solemn, face, Cooper heard bert E. Stripling, committee coun- aircraft carrier Midway plus a fleet Wisconsin Hospital Plan Submitted Madison, Wisconsin plan for hospital construction dur- ing the next five years, based on a by the state Krug that the coal car supply situation appears likely to improve somewhat with the closing of the Great Lakes to navigation and the winter decline in movement of other commodities. how he, Tyrone Power, George'scl. Brent and Al St. John had been! said God. pnllbenrers for Crabbe and how McCarey, like i.ie four actors, Power and Alan Ladd were im- .hedged nC the -suggestion Hollywood prisoned as "leftists." His main .reaction to that story, Cooper said, is to note that "Mr. should produce some anti-commu- nist shows. "Movies should be enter- he said. of cruisers, destroyers, submarines and lesser craft will practice cold- weather operations in the Atlantic October 20 to November 2C. The exercises will include an am- phibious landing, the navy said to- day in announcing the plans. committee, will be submitted to the board November 7, Dr. H. M. Coon, committee chairman, report- ed today. Requirements were listed under three areas, base, intermediate and rural, with a view toward event- ually bringing adequate facilities within convenient reach of the entire state population. If approved by the state board, Dr. Coon said, the plan win be sub- mitted to the Federal Public Health service for approval to qualify for federal funds which would be alot- ted over a five-year period. This would cover 20 per cent of estimated cost of general hospital beds, the chairman added. Odor Spreads 600 Hing-ham, Mass. Sir hundred miles from the Mains coast, the Norwegian tanker SoUlad menaced tropical radio at that the crew could wnell the odor of bnrnlnc woods borne on northerly blowing seaward from forest fires. in fright before flames that leveled from. 200 to 300 homes, includim summer show-places of the Interna- tional society set. Damage to the ruined in this town alone was officially act at counting the of valuable art treasures and fur- nishings they contained. As north winds blew -up to ft force of 25 miles on hour throughout the region tills mo- mentum all the outlook was grim with still no apprcclabla amount of rain in sight. Fear Strong1 Wind While the raging flames were checked In Bar Harbor, fears were expressed that perhaps It was only temporary. "All we've done is stop the fire in the said Selectman Setb. Libby. "A little more wind would raise a lot of Thiee New England Maine, Massachuetts and New Hampshire were virtually on wartime footing as national guards- men, Legionnaires and others -wera (Continued on Pace 14. Column 1) BAR HARBOR Turkey Protests Red Propaganda Lake formal- ly complained to the United Nations today against what the Turk dele- gation called an "aggressive propa- ganda" campaign by Russia to in- cite "the Turkish people against their own government" and other friendly governments. The complaint was made by Tur- kish Delegate Sellm Sarpar in re- ply to Andrei Y. VIshinsky's charges that the United States, Greece and Turkey were permitting "warmon- gering" against the Soviet unlon. Sarpar charged that Russia, through propaganda, was trying to turn the Turkish people against the United States by spreading reports that the United States was taking over Turkish military bases- under the Truman aid program. 35 Taken Off Burning Ship Monterey, Calif. crew members ot the burning, crash- damaged tanker Sparrow's Point were rescued from life boats by tho coast guard cutter Minnctonlca early today. Four other crew members still missing, but the rescuM captain said they may still be aboard vessel.
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