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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 20, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER Cloudy Unljrht ffundfcT, crKduKllr brcomtnt Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of R EGISTER Now for. Swlmminr Pool Election November-3 VOLUME 47. NO. 182 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 20, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES La Guardia, Thrice N. Y. Mayor, Dead President Returns; Calls Conference Decision on Special Session Faces Truman By D. Harold Oliver Tru- man returned to Washington from his 20-day trip to Brazil today and immediately called the White House staff to meet to discuss the impor- tant business which accumulated in his absence. The presidential yacht Wllllnms- burc bore the presidential party up the Potomac river from Norfolk, Va., where the members disem- barked yesterday from the battle- ship Missouri in their return from Rio de Janeiro. Mr. Truman faces the task of charting his course on problems o rmcrgency aid to Europe, intcrna tlonal friction and the rising cos of living. Special Session One of the first questions facing the chief executive is whether tc call a special session of Congress deal with assistance for Europe. Underlining the Importance at- tached to Europe's plight. Secretary of State George Marshall arranged 10 leave a meeting of the United Na- tions assembly in New York for a quick trip to the capital tomorrow presumably to give the President his special session views. Marshall has already stated his brllef that there is a crisis whlc! cannot wait until the scheduled re- convening of Congress in January Here are the top priority ques- tions which will receive his atten- tion In the Immediate days ahead Foreign a special ses- sion of Congress be necessary to provide stop-gap aid to Europe pending enactment of term Marshall plan? the long- and other costs have taken another sharp turn upworc since the President left for Brazl) August 31. There has been talk for and against restoring price controls, proposals for voluntary reduction of meat consumption, broader ex- port controls. new chairman for the Democratic national committee probably will have to be found short- ly. Robert E. Hannegan Is expect- ed to give up that post and stay on as postmaster general. Gael Sulli- van, executive director of the com- mittee. Is bock In the picture as a possible Hannegan successor, along with several others. United latest criti- cal exchange between the American and Soviet delegations undoubtedly will come In for presidential atten- tion. Gener- al Albert C. Wcdemcyer, Just back from n special mission to these countries, Is expected to see the President and submit his report. Important policy decisions are In- volved. 20-Mile Tokyo Area Flooded Tokyo Ten Japanese were reported dead, 50 Injured und 18 missing: tonight as floodK up to IS feet deep swept 20 squnrc in three of northeast Tokyo. Weary American soldiers fought the still rising; waters to save thousands of Japanese trapped when a Icvcc broke. Japanese police, fearing an ox- ploxlon, escorted hundreds of refugees from a chemical fac- tory where 200 kilograms of so- dium and kilograms of lime were stored. Water lapped against the second story of the factory. Army relief authorities esti- mated at leant Japanese died In the floods which have swept northern Honshu since a typhoon hit the area September 15. A new compila- tion by Kyodo news agency listed dead, 980 Injuicd and 1.8C5 missing. Metropolitan police estimat- ed that were homeless and homes wore flooded. Unofficial military government reports said another were homeless in Chlba prefecture, adjacent to Tokyo. TaftinReno; Reclamation Talk Scheduled San Taf headed for Reno anc formal speech on the reclama- tion Issue today after declaring in San Francisco he felt a depres- sion may be 'directly behind pre- valent high prices. The Ohio senator, who has bqcn :he object of Democratic nationa committee criticism because of his part last year In remodeling the OPA law, told reporters that "If this price level remains, the conditions might bring a adding-: "We have but we are no't" past the kind that came ten years after the last war." Cost of Living In n cost-of-llving speech before ,he Commonwealth club yesterday Taf t, who heads the Senate's Repub- ican policy committee, sold this country should level off both wages and prices at from 50 to 60 per cent if the point they reached In 1939. The by his as- lociates as one of the most Im- portant Toft plans to make on western swing designed to give him feeling of sentiment In this part the country on his prospects for he 1948 Republican presidential was not onsldercd a complete success by ome of his spokesmen. Left Open .They conceded Toft may have left limself open for new and vigorous Floods Follow Hurricane in New Orleans Storm Diminishing As It Moves Into Texas, Oklahoma By The Associated Press New Orleans Hurricane- groggy New Orleans grimly battled serious floods today as the ll-day- old tropical storm born in the Atlantic moved beyond Shreveport with fitful gusts und heavy rains. There were unconfirmed reports of at least a dozen deaths, but only one known fatality was of- 'Iclally recognized. Tho body of an elderly man was thrown ashore yesterday morning near Gulfport it the storm's peak. Property damage will run Into He millions, a hurried survey re- 'ealcd. The as it hit Shreveport ind moved northwest into Texas and Oklahoma, was nothing like he terrific, 100-mile terror that struck the coast early yesterday. Winds Slacken Wincis had slackened to about 40 and 50 miles an hour. Rnin was heavy. No damage was reported n the Shreveport area. Reporter James H. Glllls of the Tlmes-Plcaune In it commun lea- ion from Gulfport, Miss., via navnl cservo radio last night said there A Twisting- Tornado, offshoot of the fierce tropical hurricane, smashed a church at Apalachlcola, last nlglit. (A.P, Wircphoto to The Republican-Herald.) New Storm Miami, new trop- ical .storm appeared in the muJc- injr in the Caribbean sea to- day to the west of Jamaica and hurricane hunter planes were ordered to probe it. Corn and Wheat Continue Plunge By The Associated Press Corn and wheat prices continued their plunge on the Chicago Board of Trade -today for the third consecutive day as the Labor department reported that living: costs for city dwellers hit an all-time peak in July and.probably have gone "a whole lot higher" since then. Corn prices, which crashed the permissible limit under ex- change rules of eight cents on Bidault Sees U. N. Split As 'Hopeless' France Lines Behind U. S. on Most Proposals New York French Foreign Minister Goergcs Bidault declared today that the growing conflict be- tween the United States and Russia has reached such 'a critical stage that further efforts to reconcile the two viewpoints seemed hopeless. In Franco's opening policy speech before the United Nations assembly. Bidault frankly acknowledged that he saw no way out of the crisis sharpened by the speeches of Secre- tary of State George C. Marshall and Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vish'insky. "The French delegate deems it futile and dangerous to conceal the magnitude and seriousness of the Bidault told the 55 national delegations as the assembly con- tinued its fourth day of general de- bate. He then went on to outline France's position on specific lining up with the United States on xlinost every question. Prance will agree to consideration of nil proposals to modify or elimln- Ho this special big power votinu privilege, he suld, but feels that amendments to the charter "are no a solution, not the only any the problem we have to face." France agrees that action o Fiorello H. La Guardia. 'ere unconfirmed reports of at east a dozen deaths from drowning nd other causes.. i No bodies had been recovered, he, aid, but added five were known o be dead in the Pass Christian, tiss., area. The entire coastal area was olated. Communications still were ifflcult this morning. Familiar landmarks all along the coast were swept away. At least 20 persons were treated ere for minor Injuries resulting om the storm. Most were cut by ying glass or hit by debris sailing irough the air. The central fire ation said that between 200 and iO fires were extinguished yester- ay and last night. Most were amed on broken electric connec- ons and falling wires. On its present course, the Weath- bureau said, the hurricane will avel with diminishing Intensity to northeastern Texas and south- rn Oklahoma and added, "Winds ill continue strong and gusty, ao- impanled by rain, across Arkan- B, northeastern Texas and Into klahoma during the day, but will Iminlsh In Louisiana and Missis- Stassen Hits Two Rulings of Taf t-Hartley Act M 4 t. v n ,'sn ttnued, as the Bureau of Labor Sta- Hamplon Beach, N. H. reported in Washington that (Harold E. Stassen, former governor of Minnesota, questions the consti- tutionality of two rulings under the Tart-Hartley law which he described as "serious Infringements of individ- ual liberty." He questioned the ruling that all Democrtaic criticism by his frankisippi by this afternoon. nd blunt analysis of the nation's Inanclal condition. Motoring to Reno today, Taft Weather FORECASTS FEDERAL FORECASTS Wmona and vicinity Consider- able cloudiness tonight and Sun- day, gradually becoming cooler late tonight and Sunday. Low tonight CO; high Sunday 82. cloudy tonight tonight and Sunday with occasional ___........._ showers northeast portion tonlghtiwould go along with any reclama- and In north and east portion Sun- tlon program which could be con- to address a Republican group tonight, not only on the reclamation issue but on the Taft- Hartley, law, of which he was co- author. This Involved some political em- barrassment, since Senator Malone Taft's colleague, voted against the bill. However; the Ohio senator told a reporter that Malone had urged him to discuss the Issue frankly. The West had Taft's promise he day. No decided change In tern- fined within peraturc, cral budget. cloudy south an economical fed- and mostly cloudy north portion to-' Armv Trucks Water night and Sunday with 117 w T showers northeast; portion VVest Virginia 1 Own and in west and north portions Sun- day. No decided change In tem- perature. LOCAL WEATHER Offlcln.1 observations for tho 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 8fl; minimum, GO; noon, 86: precipitation, none; sun sets to- nipht nt sun rises tomorrow nt TEMPKRATUKBS ELSEWHEKE Max. Chicago Dl Denver 83 DCS Moincs 92 Duluth 50 Kansas City 93 Mpls.-St. Paul p2 New Orleans 79 New York 87 Mln. C4 52 Pet. 67 45 68 62 77 53 .48 1.56 .15 DAILY KIVER IJCLLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change Red Wing 14 Lake City Reads Dum 4, T. W. Dam 5, T. W. Diim 5A, T. W. Wlnona (C.P.) Dam 6. Pool Dam fi. T. W. Dakota 'C.P.i Dam 7, Pool 7. T. W. La CrasKC Tributary 12 2.5 0.2 13 4.1 2.3 3.2 5.4 10.2 4.1 7.C fi.3 1.8 12 4.7 Streams Chlppewa at Durand.. 2.5 Zumbro nt Theilman.. 2.0 Buffalo above Alma... 2.1 Trempealeau at Dodge. o.C Black at Galesvllle___ 2.2 La Cromc nt W. Sulem l.e Root ul Houston...... 5.H RIVER FORECAST (From Uiistlnffs to Cuttenbcrc) During the next 48 hours, there will bf no material change In the river stages throughout this dis- trict. West Liberty. W. Two army tank trucks rumbled into dust- dry West Liberty today to save the residents and students at the college town from prospects of a waterless weekend. Flow of a creek supplying the col- lege-operated system was thinned to a trickle by a persistent drought which prompted President Paul N. Elbln of West Liberty college to call for army aid. Lake Borgne late last night backed up Into Bayou Belnvenue, broke, through a railroad embank- (Continucd on I'affc G, Column 3.) FLOODS general officers of the A.F.L. C.I.O, must swear they are and not communists before affiliated local unions could qualify for "assistance" of the labor board and denounced the inclusion of union newspapers under the clause prohibiting direct or indirect political contributions. He said that the former could dc- prlce millions of workers of their rights and that the latter was "an opening wedge In an attack on a free press." Stassen, campaigning for the Re- publican nomination for President, Thursday aod again on Friday, dropped as much as eight cents to- times. day, with September opening at to Wheat dropped as much at ten cents, the limit, for Uie second straight day. May wheat was off ten. security council has beei en" by frequent use of the veto Russia has employed 20 No Direct Comment Bidault did not comment directly on Vishinsky's proposal for United Nations action against what the Russian called "warmongers" in the j United States. The Soviet attack launched by VI- shinsky was expected to 'be pressed forward today by chief spokesmen [for the Soviet Ukraine and for Yu- The downward market trend con- gosiavja wno were scheduled to ad- the cost "of living essentials used by moderate income Iambics in large cities" stood nt 158 per cent of the 1935-39 average in mid-July n one per cent increase over mid June. Higher Now Porter Praises Marshall Plan in Mill City Talk Minneapolis (P) Immediate adoption of .the Marshall plan for relief of Europe was urged last night by Paul A. Porter, who served as chief of OPA and then as a special government investigator In Greece. Porter, saying It was too late to quibble, told the Americans-for- Democratlc-Action rally that if the United States acted now to save Europe from economic collapse he believed armed conflict could be avoided tinder some plan "not too I complete right of freedom of the told a meeting of the Massachusetts and New Hampshire press associa- tions last night that these rulings by Robert Deriham, general counsel uf the National Labor Relations board, should be modified. Citing the case of John L. Lewis' refusal to sign an affidavit that he was not a communist, Stassen said Uiat his action could disqualify locai organizations In his union. The ruling, he added, "gives to John L. Lewis a veto as drastic 113 the veto used by Russia in the United Nations security council." j "The only sound ho said, 'is that the affidavit requirements apply in each instance only to those officers who have direct authority over a specific union, including the power to authorize strikes." He said that newspapers published by unions "should have Inviolate the A Labor department official said mid-September figures were not yet available, but that living costs prob- ably were "a whole lot higher now" Because of "the steep wholesale price climb we've had in recent weeks.' Meanwhile, the country-wide ver- bal bombardment at the high cost of living grew In volume. But the downward price trend In most of the major grain and live- stock markets this week carried more hope for the consumer that some relief from the soaring prices for food and other items was In sight. Anderson Secretary of Agriculture Ander- son, who on Monday will meet with President Truman's food study com- mittee, expressed hope thnt the price drops in the grain markets would "start a downward trend" In the general cost of living. "I hope prices soon will begin to reflect a realistic Anderson told reporters In Chicago where he changed trains yesterday for his trip to Washington. "The solution of the price question lies In produc- tion. If we produce more and more, prices will go Secretary Anderson said he fav- ored any voluntary rationing: pro- gram that would relieve the demand for high priced foods but opposed federal rationing. But in Philadelphia, Henry A, (Conliliued on Pace G, Column 4.) conx detrimental to the prestige of Rus- press to print anything sla." Jon any subject, including politics, i POl'tCr WaS Critical Of R-USSla'S "savage and brutal suppression of free peoples" and said she was pois- ed to take up the slack should we fall in our duty to Europe." they wish I g only by the regular laws of) libel, I "To hold otherwise would consti- tute an opening wedge In an attack on freedom of the press." Fairmont Union Up Fairmont, bers of United Electrical, Kartio and Machine Workers union, C.I.O. local 113C at Fairmont have voted to combat hiffh prices by establishing their own store. The local has about 300-mem- bers, all employed by Fairmont Railway Motors, The workers decided to open a company store to handle necessities for the union members at virtually wholesale prices. dress the assembly in its heaviest day of general debate. New evidence of .the determination behind the Soviet campaign came last night In a debate-filled meeting or the assembly's steering committee when Soviet Delegate Andrei A Gromyko, In a losing fight, identified support of proposals for restriction of the big-power veto'in the security council with "hostility" to the Soviet union itself. He did not mention it, but Secre- tary of State George C. Marshall had told the assembly two days earlier that the United States favor- ed drastic modification. Gromyko Loses After putting forth his most force- ful arguments, Gromyko lost, nine to two, his fight to block assembly dis- cussion of an Argentine proposal to a special United Nations con- ference to amend the veto section of me charter. Russia and Poland- cast the minority vote In the 14-natlon committee and India, China and France abstained. Marshall has asked for a reform of U. N. peace machinery through creation of an assembly committee on security. It would be free of the veto and backstop the vcto-dead- security council. He asked for modification of the veto itself and for strong nation by the assembly on irccce and Korea. Vishlnsky turned down every one of these proposals. The charter re- quirement that nil the great powers must agree before the security coun- cil can act is the foundation of the U. N., lie said. Strife Marks Labor Scene; 6 Hurt in Michigan By The Associated Press Fresh and continuing work stop pages brought new strife to the nation's labor front today. Michigan's governor, who had threatened to send troops into De- troit following violence in a three- month-old strike there, said he had decided against ordering the na- tional guard "unless and until It's absolutely necessary." Also, on the labor front, was ft report from Washington that the government had postponed Its dead- line for signing of non-communist affidavits by labor leaders from September 23 to October 31. Five thousand striking A.F.L. ;eamsters who walked oft the Job Thursday night and caused an em- bargo on. nearly all Railway Express agency shipments in. and out of New York were under orders by tclcgraflh. from their International President Daniel J. Tobin to return to work. However, a spokesman for the striking union. Local 808, said no communication had been received from' Tobin, and that the local would have no comment until a message arrived. Six Injured The strike In Detroit which was given personal attention by Gov- ernor Tfim Sigler Involved 600 CXO. garage mechanics and 77 auto dealers, with the strikers seeking wage Increases and a city-wide master contract. Six persons suf- ercd injuries and several others vere arrested in clashes Wednes- day and Thursday between police and flying squadrons of Local 415, C.I.O.-United Auto Workers. little Flower' Succumbs In Sleep Tribute Given by Successor; Funeral Monday New York Fiorcllo H. uardia, 64, three times mayor of New York and former director gen- eral ot UNRRA, died today. The fiery political leader hod been in a coma since Tuesday night when he collapsed at his home. His health had been fallng since last June when he underwent an opera- tion which disclosed an incurable pancreas condition. The announcement ol his death brought an immediate tribute from his successor as chief executive of New York, Mayor William O'Dwyer. 'In his death the people of the city, the stale and nation have lost great, patriotic (said. He added: "I fully believe that his unselfish devotion to the people and his un- tiring and energetic efforts to pro- mote public welfare contributed to a urcnt extent to the failing health which culminated in death Flags Lowered The police teletype system, which so often relayed La Guardia's com- mands to the various precincts, quickly carried an order to cus- todians of all city buildings to lower flags to half staff. La Guardia died in his sleep. Dr. Gcorgo Bachr, attending physician, said. Dr. Baehr had been at La Guardia home since o'clock last night. Dr. Meyer Karsh, an- other physician, also was there. When. La Guardia. died at a, m., his wile, their two children. Erik, 15, and Jean. IS. and, Mrs. La Guardia's sister. Miss Fisher, were at the bedside. Funeral services will be held Mon- day at 2 p. m. in the Episcopal cathedral or St. John the Divine. Bishop Charles K. Gilbert will of- ficiate. The diminutive IA was five feet, three a rough and ready exponent or 'get tough" school of politics. His caustic tongue was noted for its whiplash agility in exchanges with political enemies as well as for its luency In foreign languages. Known to New Yorkers as "The Little Flower" 'Butch" or "The latter deriving from the distinctive type of headgear he pre- Guardia was the first reform jfiayor this city ever re- elected. In Asutenr Fireman 1933. La Guardia, as a. suc- cessful fusion candidate, toot of- fice to find that the city had been denied further financing by banks. Determinedly, he went to work on ithe problem and before long was Sigler, who earlier said he In obtaining money from the same nded to use "the full power of v.nnv-.r. hart to he state" to settle the dispute, sal he had conferred with the pollc ommissloner, who advised him this matter Is wholly under con Guatemala Suspends Legal Guarantees Guatemalan congress approved a presidential de- cree last night suspending consti- tutional guarantees, following cf- __ forts by Manuel Fortuny, a leader ghFpbuiidTng CorporAUott'. Publishers Agree to Arbitrate In other developments, a three lontli-old strike of member f the CJ.O.-Industrlal Union o Marine and Shipbuilding worker ended by union acceptance of a 12-cent-an-hour wage.Increase from the New York Shipbuilding Cor poratlon. The American Newspaper Pub- lishers association said In New York jit had signed a new contract with International Printing and Assistants Union o j North with provlsons for arbitration of all disputes. Negotiations will be resumed in Washington Monday In the attempt to settle the 12-week strike at nine East coast yards of the Bethlehem of the Accion Re-volutionarin. .party, to get the legislature to omit claims In Detroit, production work- ers of the Cadillac division of Retiring Minneapolis (Mailman Given "cus- ;tomers" today presented Walter L JAhrens, 58, Minneapolis mall car- jrier, with a check for as he completed 25 years of service on a 'route in the Lake Harriet district 'of the city. Ahrens started the 'route he still carries in 1922. Youngdahl Names Board for Employment of Handicapped St. of veterans' employment repre- 11-member governor's advisory com- sentatlve; William E. Revier, state mlttee on Uie employment of the commissioner of veterans affairs; handicapped was announced R. Poole, regional manager, by Governor Luther W. S. Veterans administration; Carl The group was formed to advise !E. Ekman, department commander, as to Minnesota's observance of Na-1 Veterans of Foreign Wars; George tional Employ the Physically Han-jj. Kaisersatt, department com- dlcapped week. October 5 to. 11. [Thereafter, the committee will pro- mote unification of action among the governmental servicemen's, and other agencies concerned with find- ing jobs for persons having physi- cal Impairments. Named to the governor's commit- j tries, respectively. The Beach At Gulfport, Miss., presented this sight after the hurricane had passed Inland after tossing boats and automobiles around. Wircphoto to Tlie Republican-Herald.) tee were Victor Christgau, director of the Minnesota division of em- ployment and security; Dean M. Schwcickhard, .state commissioner of: education; Robert Hutcliinson.ltho week's observance. that the threat of communism was General Motors Corporation, were one reason for the suspension. idle lor two weeks, due, the company said, to a steel shortage. New Column to Appeal- Monday With the retirement of Wash- ington Columnist Paul Mallon from the writing field for a long- vacation, The Republican- Herald has secured the daily column written by Westbrook to replace It. column will begin Monday on the editorial pace and will appear daily except Saturday. Mr. Feeler's writings are well known to Midwest readers. Me was among- the top sports columnists of the golden wliich included Lard- ncr, Damon Kunyon, Paul Gal- ileo and others. PcRlcr is a native of tho Northwest and understands its problems. He was born in Min- neapolis, received his education in Chicago and is a veteran of World War I. In 1341 he received the Pulitzer prize for reporting. Since switching- from to national affairs have attracted a, host of readers. You won't want to miss timely articles, beginning Mon- day in THE KEPCBUCAX- HF.RAT.P- mander. the American Legion; Walter Cairs, department command- er, Disabled American Veterans; Jarle Leirfallom, state social wel- fare director; A. F. Carlyle and Charles E. Wcgncr of the Minne- apolis und St.. Paul Goodwill Indus- In addition, the governor a committee of four heads of spe- cial services in governmental agen- cies to be actively responsible for who had refused to accept city bonds. Soon he became known "The Little Man Who Is Everywhere." He attended fires wearing a fire- man's hat, declared war on rackets, banned burlesques and the sale of salacious magazines. On January 1, 1946, "The Little Flower" turned over the adminis- tration of the city, often called the nation's second most Important office, to William O'Dwyer. La Guardia had declined to run for re-election in 1945 but had said during the campaign that fall that lie could win the election even if ftc ran on a "laundry ticket." He entered Mount Sinai hospital for a checkup last April and the following month was re-admitted as a patient. On June 18 he under- went an operation for chronic pan- creatitis, a chronic Inflammation of the pancreas. His physican said the chronic condition had been responsible for his development ot diabetes. TONKA Work La Guardia became director gen- eral of the United Nations relief and rehabilitation admlnstratlon board toward, the end of his mayoral tenure. For his work with ths UNRRA he was awarded the na- ;ion's highest civil decoration, the Medal of Merit, and President Tru- man said then that he had earned the "gratitude of millions In the world who were threatened with starvation." La G.uardia was a product of Manhattan's lower east side, win colorful career Included, experiences is a frontier boy in Arizona, a. consular attache, flier In World War I, lawyer, president of the Slew York board of aldermen and As a member of Congress. Guardia brewed "hcer" In his of- Ice as a protest against prohibition. And to emphasize spirollng food irlces that followed the First World war he took a 25-cent lamb chop nd a roast to the floor of House and waved them before fel- ow congressmen. Friendly to labor. La enure in Congress was high-light- d by'his co-authorship with the ate Senator George Norris of the Morris-La Guardia act prohibttltuc he indiscriminate use of court in- unctions In labor disputes. When tile United States entered the last world war. La earned anti-fascist radio to urging, in, blunt Italian, that ic people of Italy rcnouaee MUHO-
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