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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 25, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER cloudy to cloudy tvntrht ay with 106 DAYS Pool Att Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME.47. NO. 134 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWELVE PAGES Canton Coach Dies Rescuing Daughter From Stalled Car on Nebraska Crossing DI j. 7 Dead m Illinois Mine Blast 174 Others In Shaft Get Out Alive Fire Breaks Out Following Explosion Weit Frankfort, seven miners lost their lives in an explosion yesterday In one of the state's largest mines in the heart of the Southern Illinois coal fields. Twenty-six of the approximate 200 miners at work In the diggings 5OO feet underground were found dead about a mile and a half south of the bottom of the shaft at the main entrance to the Old Ben Cool Company's No. 8 mine. One of the five seriously burned and Injured In the blast died today In a hospital. The bodies of all 20 had been brought to the surface early today by rescue squads and were placed In an emergency morgue set up at the Central Junior High school gymnasium. Relatives who remain- ed at the mine throughout the night during rescue operations, sought to Identify the victims. Work was hampered by carbon monoxide gas and the last three bodies found were burled beneath coal and debris. Many Badly Burned Harold I. Walker, Illinois direc- tor mines and minerals, said many of the bodies were badly burned. Indicating, he said, a fire had brok- en out following the explosion. The cauae of the blast early had not been determined.- During the rescue operations there had been conflicting reports of the total number of men trapped. The rescue teams worked frantically to reach the men in tho belief they had been trapped by rock slides and might be alive. However, early to- day Walker laid all 26 men were dead. Earlier Coroner D. J. Clay- ton of Franklin county said 28 had lost their lives. The blast occurred within one day of four months from the explosion last March. 25 at the Centralla (111.) Coal Company's mine which cost the lives of 111 miners. oJ the explosion In mld- aftemoon spread quickly through this coal mining city of and hundreds of persons rushed to the on the southern outskirts. Up Rescue Rescue crews were hastily" organ- Republlcan-Hcrald photo Vliltlng And Their here for the annual convention of the First District Editorial asso- ciation, pose on the wharf at Levee-park before embarking on a scenic speedboat cruise on the river. Left to right are Mrs. R, J. Mack, Plalnview; Mrs. Ludwig I. Roe, Montevideo; Mrs. J. B. Enstad, nona; Mr. Roe, publisher of the Montevideo News and president.of the Minnesota Editorial association; Phil Duff, Plalnview, and Mr. Mack, publisher of the Plalnview News. Free Press Termed Essential to U. N. By W. Carpenter., Lake Paul Mar Canadian minister, of na- tional health and welfare, declared today the principles of freedom of information and of the press are essential to the maintenance of International peace and other objectives of the United Nations. In a prepared address to the United Nations economic and so- cial council on the report of the U.N. subcommlsslon on freedom of information and of the press, Mar- tin said his government supported the cubcommigslon's recommenda- tion that a projected world confer- ence on freedom of Information be Woman Shrinks To 46 Pounds, Visits Mayo Clink .Rochester, Minn Her nor Ized and callx were put In for ex- tra supples of blood plasma. Rela- tives of the miners flocked to the mine. Mrs. Arthur Fritts of West was one of the first at the scent- and learned that her hus- band. Arthur. 27, was among the miners trapped. She was taken to (Continued on Page 10, Column 1) MIXERS mal weight of 120 to 125 pound shrunken to a mere 48W, Allle Te Graham, 30, of Lexington, Ky., wa In St. Mary's hospital here toda undergoing tests by Mayo cllnl doctors who are trying to diagnose Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Sat- urday with occasional local showers. Warmer Saturday. Low tonight 02; hi eh Saturday 88. Minnesota: Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday with widely scattered showers and thunderstorms. Wisconsin: Portly cloudy tonight and Saturday, scattered light show- ers Saturday; somewhat warmer Saturday. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 60; noon, 71; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Pet. Chicago.............. 84 60 Duluth ..............84 C3 International Falls ..83 62 .15 Los Angeles 82 67 Miami 85 77 .04 Mlnneapolis-St. Paul .84 CO New Orleans 88 76 .03 New York .......'___83 G7 Phoenix .............HO 71 Seattle 74 54 .01 Washington.......... 83 61 RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-Hr. Stage Today Change Red Wine....... 14 2.0 Lake City......... 6.4 Reads 12 3.4 Dam 4 T. W...... 4.0 Dam 5. T. W...... Dam 5A, T. W..... 4.9 Wlnona 13 5.1 Dam C, Pool 9.G Dam 6. T. W...... 4.1 Dakota 7.4 Dam 7, Pool 9.3 Dam 7. T. W...... 1.6 La Crosse 12 .4.4 Tributary Streams Chippewa at Durand 2.2 her mysterious ailment. Miss Graham arrived In Roch ester late yesterday by ambulance plane. Being an. emergency case she was allowed to skip the entry routines at the Mayo clinic am was taken directly from.the alrpor to the hospital. An older sister, Mrs. S. A. Phclps of Lexington, who accompanied Miss Graham, gave on intense will to live as the chief reason that the stricken woman has lived the las! two years. Doctors In Lexington, said Mrs Phelps, diagnosed the ailment as "glandular trouble and gave her up as Incurable. They said she-couldn't live two Another doctor, Mrs. Phelps added, said the ailment was a nerve disorder. Miss whose weight has dropped to as low as 30 pounds, has a twin sister in normal health. She Is Mrs. John F. Berry, Jr., of Louisville, Ky. Mrs. Phelps sold her sister has been 111 about six years and In seri- ous condition about three years. "Because the Doctors had given her up, we decided to take her to my home about a year ago. Since then we've kept her alive with hypodermic injections every two hours. We've, also given her blood ny effort ti plasma and vitamins. community.. held early next year. He said Cana- da attached great Importance to this conference. 'The people and the government Of Canada believe that freedom of Information and freedom of the press are not only basic freedoms n themselves but are essential' to ;he fruitful exercise of other basic Martin said. Threat to Democracy He added that without adequate access to comprehensive and ob- ectlve Information on the world n which we live, the "very exist- ence of democracy could be en- dangered." Martin told the delegates that his government believed that facili- House Committee Votes Approval Of Training Bill WMhinrton The House armed services committee 'today ap- proved a universal military training bill by a vote of 20 to 0. Chairman Walter G, Andrews (R.-N. 'Y.) told reporters immedi- ately that there Is no Intention of bringing the bill to a House vote this year. He said the committee action is Intended solely to get a bill before Congress. The bill, draft- ed by a .subcommittee, goes on the House calendar and will be ready for consideration early next year. Eight Republicans and 13 Demo- crats, with three of the Democrats represented by proxies, voted to send the bill to the House floor. There ore 33 on the committee. Follows Truman Plan Closely following the recommen- dations of President Truman's spe- cial commission on universal train- ing, the legislation calls for six months of basic training in an army or navy establishment lor all quail- May Gets Eight-Month Prison Term Similar Sentences Go to Two Garsson Brothers Washington Ex-Congress- man Andrew J. May was sentenced today to a term of from eight months to two years in prison on charges of accepting in bribes while he was wartime chair- nan .of the House military affairs committee. The two men accused of paying May the makers Murray and Henry were given prison terms with a minimum of. eight months and a maximum of two years. The maximum penalty that could have been Imposed on each by Judge Henry A. Schweinhaut was six years in prison and a fine of The sentencing was delayed for more than two hours while the de- fendants' lawyers pleaded for a new trial and may beseech the court lor Stuart D. Fanner, Canton High school principal and coach, died early today in Osceola, Neb., after being injured when he was struck by a freight train while rescuing his daughter from a stalled car. He and his wife, shown above, the former Vcrnice TJrsella of Bed Wing, were graduated from the Wlnona State Teachers college in 1939. Mrs. Farmer and the four-year-old daughter, were uninjured. Jesse Jones May Be Witness Against Hughes and Kaiser mercy. Conscience Clear The 72-year-old former Kentucky Democratic congressman insisted that he had never taken "a single dime" dishonestly during his long service in Congress. He told Schweinhaut: "I stand before the court today with a clear, clean conscience. "I never violated a law as far as I know In the-72 years'of 'my life. "I never received a dollar directly or-Indirectly that was not honestly earned or justly due." After an 11-week trial. May and the Garsson brothers were found guilty July 3 of charges growing By Jock Bell Washington Senatorial in- vestigators hinted today at Jesse Jones as an ace witness in their efforts to prove that White House pressure forced award of a 000 wartime plane contract to How- ard Hughes and Henry J. Kaiser. The former cabinet member's pos- sible appearance hinges, one senator said, on whether any documentary evidence is. found in the files of the late President Roosevelt. A Senate was Investigating sub- committee will open a hearing Mon- day into the contract lor planes that never were delivered. Senator Ferguson who heads the inquiry group told a re- porter he know yet" whether Jones will be asked to testify. Although Ferguson declined fur thcr comment, another committci member said it is likely the former secretary of commerce and head of the Reconstruction Finance Cor- out of May's job as wartime chair- poration will be asked to tell what Henry Kaiser Howard Hughes fled American males after they reach the age of 18. Youths still In high school when man of the House military commit- tee. The 72-year-old Kentucky Demo- crat was convicted of taking In bribes from-the Oarssons who, the government'said, got May to use his influence In helping them Bet favors for their arms- making concerns. Protest Conviction All three protested that they are innocent. Their lawyers claimed their convictions were "unfair" and the 'result of "prejudice." They also sold that Schweinhaut, ill a "misleading, conflicting and confusing" charge to the Jury, "over-emphasized" the government's ferment, but In avoid training come 20. les for full comprehensive ibjectlve reporting, alnd the right >f access -of all men to such In- ormation will contribute to inter- national understanding and friend- ship." "We believe he said, "that he principles of freedom of in- ormatlon and freedom-of the press re essential.to the other purposes jf the United Nations: to the maln- enance of International peace, and o the solution of problems of an conomlc, social, cultural and umanltarian character. We believe hat it Is essential to the promo- on of 'social progress and better tandards of living in larger free- om.'" Martin declared that the dele- ates had met in the U. N. to mak effort to build a true communll f all the people of the world. H aid .that his government deplore ny effort to limit or destroy tha case and "under-emphasized" their arguments. They asked for a judgment of ac- quittal, an arrest of judgement and lo event could they a new trial. Scheinhaut must dis- before they of these motions before he passes sentence but the motions Following the six months of basic training, the legislation provides for the equivalent 'of six more months of training, which a youth could ac- quire In various ways, such ns through enrollment in the national guard, the ROTC, or some other reserve unit. A special commission would su- pervise the entire program under a system of discipline less rigid than that applicable to the regular armed forces. .1 Marriages on Decline After Postwar Boom Washington The postwar boom in romance has reached its peak; marriages are on the decline. The national office of vital, statistics reported today that couples bought marriage licenses during the first quarter of 1947. That Is 20 per cent fewer than the. number issued during the same quarter of 1946. The report attributed the huge Zumbro at Thcilman Buffalo above Alma. Trempealeau at Dodge Black at Nclllsvillc.. Black at Galesville.. 1.8 1.8 0.5 2.4 2.4 Crosse -at W. Salem l.ff Root at Houston...... 6.1 2 .6 postwar Increase in weddings to .4 G.I. romances. .1 It saldmarriages started climbing .5 "unusually high" as early as 1945, .1 when veterans were returning from .1 Europe, and lasted through most .5 of 1946. .3 Last year set a new record In American marriages, a total of or about 41.8 per cent more 2 than in 1945. In the war year of 1944 only licenses were 1s- sued. .1 While marriages have Increased; ,2 the ratio of divorce to marriage has declined. In 1945 there w.ere 31 .1 divorces for every 100 marriages. In 1946 the ratio dropped to 27 divorces for every 100 marriages. The sta- tisticians attribute this to the big Increase in marriages and not to a decline in divorces. The birth rate also is declining from the record high points set In the closing months of 1946. During 1946 an estimated babies were born, the greatest num- ber in 'American history. The January total of births, 000, was about at the same level with the record-breaking totals of the closing months of 1946. Since then .births have declined rradually, to in.April, the ast month reported. Sentence of La Crosse Woman Is Commuted Madison, Gov- ernor Oscar Rennebohm commuted ;he sentence today of Betty Even- son, 22, of La Crosse, Wls., to effect ler immediate release. Miss Even- son has been serving a sentence of one to two years at the state prison for women for vagrancy. involve points of law he overruled during the course of the trial. More than 100 ing Secretary of Marshall, General he knows about the matter if a search of the Roosevelt files proves fruitless. Jones Balk Reported Jones was represented by this member as having balked at signing the airplane contract with Hughes millionaire Hollywood movie pro- ducer, nnd Kaiser, wartime ship builder, until he was given, a writ- ten memo on the deal. President Roosevelt ousted Jones from the cabinet In January, 1045, to give the commerce portfolio to Henry A. Wallace. The Ferguson committee has been ;old in testimony taken behind closed doors that the army and navy opposed the Hughes-Kaiser contract for plywood planes. Tills contract later was replaced by a contract with Hughes for a photo- econnalssance ship. Greek Guerrilla Force Repelled Near Albania By L. S. Chakalcs Athens A war ministry spokesman said Greek government forces, using and artillery, rocket-firing planes repelled a strong guerrilla attack today on Grcvcna about 40 miles east of the Albanian border. The ministry said a guerrilla force of from to men, equip- ped with heavy weapons, launched .he attnck at 3 a. m. The spokesman snld the initial assault forced bnck guard posts outside Groverja, a town of in he Pindus mountain foothills, outhcast of the Mount Grammos jorder area where government orces have been battling leftist mlts for almost a month. "The attack was repelled nnd the ;uerrillas were pokesman said. decimated, the State George! Dwight Eisen- hower and the then secretary of war, Robert the stand during the trial. Their testimony helped to run the trial record up to pages. Boy, 15, Drowns In Lake Zumbro Rochester, Minn, Clarence j O'Connell, 15, Simpson, drowned Thursday when he stepped from a boat to wade to shore In Lake Zumbro, 14 miles northeast of County Coroner Theodore Wellner, said other boys in a group of church plcknickers in the boat with Clarence told him the youth stepped from the boat about 15 feet I from shore, thinking the water was shallow enough for wading. Wellner said Rochester firemen .worked over the youth lor more than an hour in an unsuccessful at- tempt to revive him. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Francis O'Connell. S.D. Farmer, Former T. C. Grad, Victim Family En Route Home From West Coast Vacation Stuart D. Farmer, 30, principal and coach at Canton High school and a graduate of Wlnona State Teachers college, was fatally in- jured last night in rescuing his four-year-old daughter from a car stalled on a railroad cross- ing near Osceola, Neb. Mr. Farmer was lifting daughter, Lynne, from the stall- ed car when a Union Pacific freight train struck, according to Deputy Sheriff Lee Johnson. The child was uninjured. Mrs. Former, who also escaped un- hurt. is believed to have been driv- ing the car, according to The clated Press. She Is the former Vcrnice Ursella of Red Wing, who was graduated as a two-year stu- dent from the Wlnona' State Teach- ers college with Farmer in 1939. Vacation Trip The deputy sheriff said the car apparently skidded on the gravel when Mrs. Fanner tried to stop for the crossing and the car stalled on. the tracks. The Fanners are be-' licved to have been en route to Can- ton from a vacation trip to the Weft coast. The Canton principal died about midnight after both legs -were amputated. After being graduated from Can- ton High school in the spring of 1935, Mr. Farmer enrolled that Sep- tember at the college He majored In science and mlnored in mathematics and social He was. bachelor of sctence degree. "Stuart was a very floe said Dr. Ncls Mlnne, president of the college. "He was -one of the bert we've ever had." Dr. Minnc olio said Farmer was not only a brilliant trackman bus that he was a good basketball player. Because he worked In the kitchen at Morey hall to keep him- self in school, he did not have the time to compete in varsity basket- ball. Conference Record Dr. G. E. GaUigan, athletic di- rector at the college, today mid Farmer was one of the best trade athletes and well-liked students be has ever coached. Farmer held the State Teachers College conference discus record with 128 feet for about six years, Dr. Gulligon said. He also threw the shot put. He was captain of the track, team in 1938. Miss Helen Prltchard, registrar. and Jean Talbot, director of women's physical education, also New York's Republican Governor Thomas E, Dewey greets Prin- cess Blue Water of Ogallala Sioux at Cheyenne Frontier days cele- as Chief Red Cloud waits Ills turn. Mrs. Dewey looks on at right and Dowey's sons, Thomas E., Jr., left, and Henry, concern themselves with crowd. CA.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Kenneth C. Royall, above, re- enacts oath taking ceremonies in Washington, D. C., in which he became secretary of war suc- ceeding. Robert. Patterson, who resigned. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Schools Not Required to Furnish Bus Court Holds St. The state supreme court ruled today that under pres- ent law school 'boards cannot be compelled to furnish free trans- portation for pupils. The ruling came in the case of eight residents of school district 31, Stearns- county, who sought to force their school board to furnish trans- portation for eight children living in the eastern end of the district ;o the district school in Fairhaven. The group also asked repayment for their costs in transporting the children after the school board failed to do so. Basis for the demand was the resul't of a school election held in i mental one" for the school board the district after the school at Fair- haven burned In 1933. Four ques- tions were submitted and .voters balloted overwhelmingly for con- struction of a school in Eairhaven with bus transportation to be pro- vided for children in the eastern part of the district. The school was built and bus transportation provided until the 1945-46 school year when .the school board voted to discontinue It. The supreme court held that the question of building a new school was a proper one .to submit to a vote, but that the question of pro- viding transportation is a "govern- decide. The court held further-that .the fact that -proper and, improper questions were submitted and de- cided affirmatively at the. same time did not make the decision on the Improper question valid or binding upon the school board. Bringing the action were W..H. Muehrlng, William Johnson, Henry Knickerbocker, Otto Schwonke, J. H. Nyren, James Knickerbocker, Gerald Wlcgand and WllJard FieJd- seth. The supreme court decision af- firmed District Judge Byron R. Wilson. recalled how cooperative and well respected Farmer was as a student. Luther McCown, who is on the college coaching staff, was a mem- ber of the same track squad with Farmer. He said Fanner not oii'y was a good athlete, but was a worker and was popular with teammates. First Position His first teaching position, for which. he was highly recommended by Dr. Minne and other members of the faculty, was at the high school in Lynd, Minn. Former served In the navy for about three years and was station- ed for a time at Great Lakes naval training station. He returned from the service In February, 1946, and finished the year on- the staff of the Canton High school. He was principal and coach there this last school year and appar- ently intended to return In the fall. Unrestricted Installment Buying Seen A return to unrestricted Installment buying by November l appears likely today with the possibility that President Truman might end controls on payment purchases even earlier. Compromise legislation to kill the credit buying curbs at the end of October passed the House by vote and was. sent to the Senate. Senate action Is expected to send the measure on to the White House by tomorrow night. Meanwhile, the Federal Reserve board predicted that Mr. Truman will lift the restraints, as he prom- ised last Juno 5 to do unless Con- gress passed a law specifically au- thorizing the restrictions in peace- time. He sold he wanted the curbs for a time as a safeguard against inflation... Current controls, Invoked by presidential order under special wartime powers, set the amounts of down-payments and limit the time for liquidating the' such as one-third down and 15 months to pay the remainder due on such things as automobiles, radios and refrigerators.
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