Wednesday, July 16, 1947

Winona Republican Herald

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 16, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER lonlfht omrtr iUy; wirm ton Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of 97 DAYS Klnoa Pool VOLUME 47. NO. 126 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 16. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES U.S. A-Bomb Factory Put on Permanent Basis By Elton C. Far Washington The United States is putting Its atom bomb factory on a permanent basis. This grim footnote to the long and thus far fruitless effort to set up world controls over nuclear energy came to light today In an atomic energy commission announcement of plans to "permenantlze and effectively modernize" the war-built town of Los Alamos, <N. M. The first A-bomb was made there and tested at Alama- pordo. N. M., two years ago today. The commission announcement said that Carroll L, Tyler, retired navy captain and ordnance expert, will be In charge of the Los Alamos laboratory, "where a .multi-million dollar Improvement program Is underway." Tyler succeeds Colonel Herbert C. Gee, army engineer who has been on loan to the the commission since it took over the army's Manhattan project at the start of this year. Word of the Los Alamos "permanentlzing" coincided with another disclosure relating to military matters. That was the army's Identification of the secret Sandla base near Al- buquerque, N. M., as a unit of the little-known "armed forces special weapons project." Virtually nothing Is known of the nature of work at this project except that Major General Leslie B. Groves, who was director of the Manhattan project when the army made A-- bombs, Is associated with it. The identification of the Sandla which the army previously had refused to talk at contained in a routine announcement of command changes for various general officers. The atomic commission statement on plans for improving Los Alamos said that more than new homes will be con- structed along with new schools, community service, and commercial facilities, streets and utilities. It described the town this way: "Los Alamos Is the principal center for the military ap- plications ol atomic energy and the work under way in the .double-fenced exclusion, areas of the reservation is highly classified. Pull security restrictions are maintained, but the modernizing of the town Is expected to insure a. normal community environment." The atomic energy commission lias declined to discuss frequent statements by scientists and public officials that the United States either has or Is developing atomic bombs of tremendously greater power than the five exploded to date. One of the most recent of such statements came from Dr. Robert M. Hutchins of. the University of Chicago, where the first atomic energy pile was built. Hutchins asserted last month that "American science and technology have produced, a stockpile ol new and improved bombs large enough, ac- cording to usually conservative sources, to destroy every largs city on the earth." U. S. Calls 11 -Nation Parley on Japan Depression Adjustment in Prices Seen, But No Slump By Marvin L. Arrowimith Former Price Administrator Leon Henderson said today he sees "little immediate dancer of a major depression" but that prices may collapse, disastrous- ly M they did after World War I, "While that collapse (or 1020-21) cannot be compared with the grind- Ing depression of 1928-33, it was no Henderson said in a statement prepared for the joint congressional committee on the economic report. He presented his document as chairman of the executive commit- tee of Americans for Democratic Action, an organization of self- styled "liberals committed to the principles ol liberty and Justice and the democratic processes." Out of Hand "Today. Just as in 1020, prices been permitted to get out of hand." Henderson declared. "Once the price structure la shot through wim distortions and Im- balances." Henderson, now chief economlit of the Research Institute of Amer- ica, a private business survey enter- prise, made no mention in his statement of yesterday's testimony to the committee by the National Association of Manufacturers. But the ADA views ho set for clashed Khurply with those enunciated by GeneralMoto rs to Shut Do wn Labor Draft Unlikely, Week; Steel Lack BL Henderson Detroit General Motors Corporation ..will take a week off from manufacturing passenger cars, starting Monday, because of the steel Industry's "disturbed condi- tions." CM., which makes roughly half of the nation's automobiles, sold Its steel supplies were too short to permit full-time operations. It blam- ed the "cool-mining situation" of curly July. Ultimately workers will be laid off from the corporation's as- sembly lines, a Q.M. spokesman said. The corporation, which em- ploys a total of production workers recently reached a weekly output of cars. There were no immediate Indica- tions, however, that other major manufacturers of motorcars would follow suit. O.M.'s president, C. E. Wilson, an- nounced the shutdown plans last night. Plants in Michigan, employing workers, will be closed first, and another wil be laid off as other plants become affected through lack of supplies from feeder plants in Michigan. Wilson specifically mentioned coal mining in his explanatoln. "Due to the disturbed conditions in the steel industry, caused by the caol -mining situation during the first two weeks of he said, "delivery of steel to General Mo- tors has been reduced to such a low level that all passenger car pro- duction will have to be shut down for one week to allow us to accu- mulate sufficient working inven- tory." At the same time Wilson said sheet steel has been "extremely short" since the end of the war. Non-Russian Greek Border Bomb Trapped Watch Sought Guerrilla Units N.A.M. President Earl Bunting. example, Henderson said: "The fruits of our stabilization program -were thrown to the winds In the hasty abandonment of war- time controls. Had the basic war- time controls been continued, our economy today would be equally and strong." Bunting, on the other hand, re- called that N.A.M. argued for elimination of price controls in order to cncourugo production. Bunting said this objective has been achieved with only "moderate" price increases, and that during the last four months "the price level has definitely flattened out." Bunting said also that If produc- tion and productive efficiency can be kept moving ahead, "we should be able to hold n potential price rise from setting out ot hand." Submits Program Henderson laid before tho com- mittee the same program for eco- nomic stability the A.D.A. an- nounced two months ngo. This among other things, for: 1. An "orderly scaling down" of prices to eliminate about half the over-all increase since June, 1946. 2. Creation of a price adjustment board to work with Industry to accomplish this on a voluntary basis. 3. An "orderly Increase" of wages where this year's 16-ccnts-an-hour pattern is not In effect. The AJXA. also called for im- mediate enactment of a "truly effective" rent control law. It said tho extension bill recently passed by Congress "invites landlords to bludgeon their tenants Into agree- ing to 15 per cent rent increases." Lake Succeu An authori- tative source said today some United Nations delegates were considering the possibility of setting up a Greek border watch outside the world or- ganization if Russia blocks eeourlty council action on the Balkans. The said this WM one poi- slble step should the security coun- cil turn down a V. 8. proposal for establishing a TJnited Nations' semi- pennnnent commission to watch over the Balkan'border areas. If Bussla vetos the U. 8. commis- sion plan, this informant Mid, Greece could Invite other members ol the United Nations to form an independent could mnko Greek Planes commission which its headquarters on Greek soil and watch over the border area. Such a commission, ne explained, would have no .powers but could gather information. The members, through their government, could place the information at the dis- posal of the United Nations when the general assembly meets in Sep- tember. It appeared that both Britain and America would exhaust all other moans before joining In an indepen- dent watch over tho Balkan borders from Greek soil. Recovery of La Guardia Slow York Former Mayor Florello H. La Guardia, who was operated on June 18 for a pancreas condition, was described today by his physician as "quite a Rick man." Dr. George Bnchr said La Guar- dla's convalescence was "extremely slow" nnd tho post-ppcratlvo prog- nosis indicated he was "far from well." La Guardia, former director general of .TTNRRA, returned to his homo last Saturday from Mount 81- na( hospital. Anoka Picks Queen, 102 Anoka. Minn. Anoka, cele- brating Its centennial for three days starting today, had a 102-year-old queen and n 101-yonr-okl king to cpark the celebration. Her majesty for tho period ol the fete is Mrs. Amanda Weaver and she will have as her consort "king" Nathan Colbum, one of the state's oldest living members of the Grand Army of the Republic. Both ex- pressed themselves as somewhat be- wildered at the sudden and unex- pected publicity. Including water sports, band con- certs and baseball Rnmex, tho fete have for one Its highlights the arrival of the Paul Banyan canoe derby teams, racing 450 miles clown the Mississippi river, on Thursday nlRht. Helen Keller at Rochester Hospital Rochnter Helen Keller, blind author and lecturer, was in a Mayo clinic hospital today for an unannounced reason. Miss Keller was previously u clinic patient in October. 1S45. I are reported to have been rushed by the Greek government to the Kon- itsa area after guerrillas were routed in their initial attack on Tanks and planes were gent from Yaniim (2) nnd Salonika (3) to aid the ground troops repel the in- surgent forces said to be com- posed of well-armed Greek and Albanian troops. By L. S, Chakalei Greek army planes lammercd leftist guerrillas trapped on the slopes of Mount Gamlla north of loannlna (Janina) today as three government brigades closed in for a showdown battle, military sources reported. Army authorities said that pre- cautions also had been taken against tiny new Invasion. The authorities added that Greek intelligence re- ports disclosed there were six guer- rilla concentration in Albania and three in from which new offensives could be launched. A source close to the general staf indicated last night that the field o tho payoff bottle in northwestern Greece probably would be near th villages of Yeroplatanos and Vaslll Icon where, he said, the army ha. guerrillas surrounded. Vaslllkon i only four miles from tho Albanian Marshall Asks Admission of Some D.P.'s Washington State Marshall urged today that the United States admit a "substantial number" of Europe's dis- placed -persons, partly to remove a friction" In Britain source of "conflict and with Russia Marshall told- a House judiciary subcpmmittee'that ,to accede. to. re- peated" Russian demands and .'forc- ibly return "these -allies. of ours'" to their prewar homes would violate aoth American tradition and prin- ciples adopted by the United Nu- tlons general assembly. But as long as they remain in Germany and until they can strike new roots elsewhere .'n friendly soil, the displaced persons will re- main a "constant source of inter- national Marshall said His testimony was delivered in sup- port of a bill to admit of the refugees Into the United States in More Workers Need in Mines, Textile Plants By Glenn Williams London Britain's Labor government was confronted today with a controversy-provoking pro- posal for a peacetime draft of so- called "nonproductive" workers to fill the manpower gaps In industry which are slowing tho nation's economic recovery. The explosive suggestion was ad- vanced by Arthur Deakin, general secertary of the powerful transport and general workers union. In a speech directly counter to long- standing union opposition to labor conscription and piece work pay. "There are thousands of people who ought to be put into productive Secretary of ndustry and at Deakin de- clared after asserting that organized abor "must of necessity expect a limited measure of direction." Many observers believed that Deakin's speech was merely a trial baloon released with the approval of a cautioius government seeking the reaction of trade union mem- bers, on which its political strength is., based. "The government as .well, as the unions heretofore has been op- posed to peacetime conscription of workers. The country's economic plight, however, has been pictured by I Deputy Herbert Morrison (is-likely to reach a crisis in the autumn, and the dire threat of hunger obviously may be activat- ing a change in labor's attitude. i Voluntary labor recruiting in the! the .five-day week as a down after pulling about. men into the pits, and Lady Iris MonntbaUen O'Malley, 27, first cousin of Sing George VI of England, leaves criminal courts building In New York accom- panied by Sir Francis Evans, British consul general, after being paroled in the consul's custody for a hearing in felony court July 22. She was arraigned on charges of Issuing a worthless check in a Wash- ington dress shop on June 9. story on Page 4.) (Associated Press Wircphoto to The Republican-Herald.) as immigrants over a four-year frontier. War Reported Trapped Minister George Strata, Mrs. Faye Ann Crow, above, 20-year-old British beauty who ran awny from her Columbus, Ohio, home last Thursday, turn- ed up last night in Long Island, New Vork, exhausted from a hitchhiking jaunt she began with only Mrs. Crow re- fused to discuss with reporters her reasons for the trip to the homo of her aunt, Mrs. Violet Duncan nt Baysido, L. I. Her 23-yenr-old husband, Ralph, an cx-nrmy air forces corporal, said at Columbus that, while there had been no quarrel, their in- ability to go Into housekeeping nnd to remain out of debt had posed major marital pfeblems since she came hero from Eng- land last February. meanwhile reported the entrapmen of some antigovernment troop by three Greek men of the village oi Ncgrodhes, where he said they were halted yesterday in a drive on the Eplrus capital of loannlna, 10 miles to the south. The irregulars, said Stratos, "can- not escape and have to give battle.' Stratos, who has pictured the cur- rent guerilla offensive as an "in- vasion" aimed at setting up a com- munist state, said 20 prisoners had told interrogators contingents of an "international brigade" were among the forces fighting the army. He added that members of a United Nations Balkan subcom- mlsslon had become convinced that the offensive began in Albania. Stratos reported the subcommiEslon went back to its Salonika head- quarters from the battle zone yes- terday but would return to Konltsa to talk with prisoners. Wedemever and Staff Take Off for China tVaihlnfton Lieutenant General Albert C. Wedemeyer and the six members of his group which will make'a fact-finding survey in China and Korea for .President Tru- man left today in a special army plane for Nanking. They are due in the China capital July 22. The group is expected to complete its findings in early Sep- tember. Congressional leaders have vlr f eliminating a "Big Pour" or "Big Five" veto control over every pro- vision going Into the treaty. The proposal went out only few days ago and to which no re- plies have been received yet would not only take treaty-maidn? out ol the hands of four nations and turn t over to 11, but It also would es- tablish a two-thirds voting system among the 11 so that even there ao ireto would be permitted. Disliked By Molotor 17. 8. Ambassador Walter Bedell Imith, on confidential instructions from; Secrc.taxy. of ..Slate las discussed, the new treaty-mak- ing plans '-with Foreign Minister Molotov and Molotov Is understood to have indicated dislike ol those provisions which would end ex- clusive domination of the-great pow- ers In Oils field. However, Molotov agreed to take the matter under consideration and no Russian objection or counterpro- posal has been received. The countries Invited to the Au- gust 10 parley arc the members of the Par Eastern commission set up about two years ago to make Allied policy for the Japanese occupation: Australia, Canada, China, France. India, the Netherlands, New Zea- land, the Philippines, the TJnited Kingdom, the Soviet union and the United States. The meeting called here is sup- posed to tackle only questions of peace treaty procedure that is. creation of working committees, when and where peace should be and the like. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Local thun- dershowers tonight aad early Thurs- day. Rather warm tonight with ow 68, becoming cooler Thursday; high 84. Minnesota: Local showers and thunderstorms beginning to north- west portions this afternoon over- prcading most of state, except ex- ircme southeast tonight, and con- tinuing in southeast and extreme east portions Thursday. Cooler In .orthwest portion. Thursday. Wisconsin: Partly cloudy tonight with local thundershowers, begin- ilng in extreme northwest portion, ate tonight, and Thursday morning vcrsprcading north and west por- lons Thursday and southeast por- ion Thursday night. Not much hangc in temperature. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 iours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum, 66; oon, 82; precipitation, none: sun ets tonight at sun rises to- lorrow nt ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pet. JlicitBO........... 78 6G cnvcr 87 58 JO >cs Moinos .......93 66 Juluth 76 50 iternntloiiiO J'jills .86 62 Cansas City 93 71 liami 86 70 T IplS.-St. Paul -----88 67 Washington .......81 74 RIVER BCLLETIX Flood Stage 24-Hr. Stace Today Change ed Wing 24 4.3 ake City......... 7.9 cads 12 4.5 am 4, T.W....... 5.4 am 5, T.W....... 3.5 am 5A, T.W..... Inona 13 am C, T.W....... Man Suffocates in Coal Hopper Apple ton, Wls. Sylvester Philippl, 39. suffocated last night when he was buried in a coal hop- per while attempting to clear a :logged conveyor at the Western Condensing Company. 5.G 5.5 7.6 33 53 -f- .1 .1 Dam 7, T.W....... Ltl Crossc 12 Tributary Chippewa ut Durand 2.4 Zumbro nt Thcllman Buffalo above Alma.. Trcmpealeau at Dodge Black at Nclllsville.. Black at Galosville La Crosse at W. Salem 1.3 Root at Houston......7.0 2.7 2.0 1.2 2.S .4 "1 .1 -H a