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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 12, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER TumrinT, c OMICS Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Frew VOLUME 47. NO. 72 WINONA. MINNESOTA. MONDAY EVENING. MAY 12. 1947 Member of the Audit Bureau of "FIVE CENTS PER COPY" For tho Tops in Adventure Comics Back Page Daily TWE.NTY PAGES Supreme Court Upholds I.C.C. Rail Rate Changes nepubliean-Hcralil photo their Mrs. Winnie Judd Recaptured After Fleeing Hospital Army Takes Steps to Ease Shortage of Infantrymen woe rlecl about a "world-wide, critical .shortage" in infantrymen, declares thut too many ot Its fighting foot soldiers are doing office Jobs. So It has taken steps to remedy the situation, A new War department circular J-hwnlx. Trunk Vurclrrrj.i Winnie Ruth Judd wan today about 1.2 hours after escaped from the state hospital The sheriff's office said she was i says flr.st that a rifleman can't draw Biitrr.orr hotel, luxurious winter re- to assignment, nort on the rdc-.f of the desert north Lhc circular adds this: c'. 'he city "A" enlisted men who have been wnVthe third escape for the awarded thn combat or expert ln- badge who volunteer foi who killed two 5rlfnds in 1031 and shipped their dlsrr.rmbered bodies to Los Angeles a trunk Her escape from R second floor 1 uiutryuiiui I service with the infantry (except those whose badges have been with- drawn) svill be transferred to the Infantry provided they are physi- cally qualified for such service. This Borg, Noted Painter of Indians, Dead Santa Barbara, Calif. Death has claimed one of Amer- ica's foremost painters of In- dian Oscar IJorg. Horn In Sweden, Borp, 09, had made his home here many years after arrival in California in 3904. A sclt-tauRht artist, he lived lo sec his work hung in leaclinp galleries in France, Sweden and the United States. Her escape from n second i oor Bffcctlvc ftt onco room discovered by an rcKarcilcss O! the n: a. m. She was last seen at nsslgnment status of Individ p. rn. last night. Dr. Larson ur-c-cl the word "con- in explaining escape of :he 43-year-old murderess. He s.aid she was believed to have used a key which opened two doors, or.e or. the second which svl- Icwed her to descend a on the ground level. and is _. __ present individuals de- ,are on the north of the assignment _. siring The army asserts that "It Is not Intended that Infantrymen shall fill all staff and administrative po- sitions; nilhcr, that they shall be assigned only to those positions which require or. can be filled by Infantrymen In order for the duty to be properly performed." The combat infantryman shortage, War department officials explained crountls Dr. wild. was found open, immediately were sent to the airport and rail- from Thousands of men trained for tactical operations in the field now are pinned down on occupation du- (serve in Europe and Asia. There they In constabulary Jobs, some- ana in the manner of a policeman search Ipmrc-HiaK his bent but with no s'.a'.iort as a widesprc. ,KC woman" got undcrichange for training or refresher 'courses on the field fighting jobs it was considered pos-ifor which they are intended. mlKht have! Special constabulary units are outside the grounds for.belnc trained but to date are In tos former nurse. jsmull numbers to relieve the as- J'lcTd shot her roommates, slgnment of combat soldiers. f i and Medvit: Kam-j A second factor is UK: simple Tact iV'-'ri" 'o'tle-i'h in a house they the young volunteer Is attracted Ifi IfOl almost any branch of the army bodies were except that of the foot soldier. ...'.V, rt' -incl -.hlpp-cl to] Total army strength. Including the Whether Mrs. Judd cutliilr forces, Is about men, herself or had an but Chairman Chan Gurney (R.- hji-j beeen cstnb- S.D.) ot the Senate armed services 'committee suld recently the army M- Judfl appeared to cluimlhas only about combat Los Angeles, depot their suspicions aroused ,J. i j r> Tvruliar odor, refused to re- Bradley WOUld troops. ic. rrru.ved. trunks unless opened. Mrs.[ .u ic. Gif t AutOS to Some ThY trunks' were opened and their Disabletl Veterans cr.Mv disclosed. tha tr-.c killer had vanished. era Omar K B later she was apprehended In n-' department store. Srnteneecl to Returned to Phoenix, Mrs. Judd and luh Hour sanity hear saved her from the and! _ uciminsRtrutor of veter- wday BOVcm. shouUl only veterans whose "sound will be Vlr disabled veterans whose "s Ix, Mrs. jut cl rehabilitation" w. sentenced to ,llflecl by hnvlnK Ulc cur. StirUt V flCiir- ,1 r Oil this ground. ques- i-.is cornrniltcil to the Hate hos- 1S39 she l twice In n period. On the first occasion ftiirned Td the hospttiil sifter s. Congress voted last ilDK'tl VCKJIilJ n Jifcuw year to provide automobiles for vet- Senate, conferees, emus whose Injuries to their legs seriously restrict their travels. which sue luid sent jjnulley presented his views to a authorities tlmmv.h public welfare subcotnmlt- saylnc she WHS bclntf tec which is considering several bills jto extend eligibility for cars. Various Or. :he sectind escupe she re- bills would qualify blinded veterans, 12 days, finally be- those who lost one or both arms, and disabled veterans of all previous wars and the peacetime service. >c on ;ooi. "In seeking to determine the dc- Th? contended she killedl.slrablllty of these new proposals, "Lcrol. a former school have limited my judgment to the e- Sa.T.uelson, a doctor's value of automobiles in the sound I 1 J 4-t j-llp prchcr.ded at Yuma. ISO miles She maintained she had trav- n jealous rage over the of a mutual friend. and successful rehabilitation of dis- abled Bradley said. Marshall Supports Merger Bill Measure May Be Cleared to Senate Floor by Weekend. Washington Secretary of State George C. Marshall, while ask- ing to be relieved of further testi- mony because of his diplomatic sta- tus, nevertheless holds to his belief as a soldier that army-navy unifica- tion is "essential." Chairman Chun Gurncy (R.- S. released a letter containing Marshall's views today as the Sen- ate armed services committee headed for a showdown on the hotly-dis- puted merger issue. Shying from any public forecast of committee sentiment, Gurney said only that he expects the pending bill to be cleared to the Senate floor by the end of the week. Marshall, while serving as army chief of staff, gave enthusiastic sup- ports to the original merger plan which was bitterly opposed by navy leaders last session, Gurney asked him to testify again this session on the compromise version supported by both army and navy leaders. IlcaffirniK 1'osition The secretary of state replied, however, "I can not under the exist- ing circumstances in my present po- sition think it advisable for me to further participate In this discus- sion." But, Marshall added: "I will reaffirm my previous po- sition regarding this issue that legis- lation lor unification of the armed forces, in my opinion, Is essential." The present unification bill drafted by army, navy and air force heads under a White House directive to compromise their previous dif- ferences. Single Department It would set up a single depart- ment of national defense under n civilian cabinet .secretary. Subordi- nate secretaries of army, navy and air forces would administer the three major services. However, a complete substitute for the administration measure was promised this week by two senators openly opposed to any pending plan for "merger or unification." The pair. Senators Edward V. Hobertson and Joseph McCarthy said their bill will stress "coordination" through a special deputy to the president in charge ol national defense. This official would not have cabinet status. The present secretary of the navy would retain his cabinet place as would the secretary of war with his Under Arms, Paper Claims New nations of the the New York Times, have almost men under arms and "spending perhaps 000 more on armaments than they did on the cvc of war In 1938." The story ivas written by Hanson W. Baldwin, the Times' military writer, and was baserl on a survey conducted by liirn and Times correspondents in many countries. Baldwin said that about 10 nations "are spending at least ;i year on arma- The Times survey placed the United States sixth in armed strength, as follows: China, 750 000 (nationalist and com- munist) Russia, Great Britain, India, Turkey, and United States, Baldwin placed Russia's de- fense budget for this year at G" rubles, which wof't' at the o.T'chil rale of exchange. Senate Agrees to Vote on Labor Bill Tuesday Washington The Senate agreed today to vote tomorrow on passage of the general labor dls- Four Trouble Spots Seen on Labor Scene Coal, Construction, Rail, Maritime Strikes Brewing By Max Hall Washington Four indus- tries still arc potential trouble spots on the labor-management front: 1. Coal. 2. Maritime. :i. Railroads. 4. Construction. C. I. O. factory workers have won wage increases without striking. The telephone strike is about end- ed These developments were good news for America. But there may be some bad news around a couple of corners. The situation in each of the pos- sible trouble spots is this: strike is feared for July 1 That's when the government must restore the bituminous coal mines to private operators. And John L. Lewis and the operators haven't even started bargaining on the terms of a contract. They have held meetings, but to date have talked only about the Is- sue of industry-wide bargaining. The next session is scheduled Thurs- day. Legislative Influence Southern coal operators, who have been Urging Congress to out- law Industry-wide bargaining, arc unwilling to sit down with northern operators and Lewis to write a sin- gle contract. Dean Acheson Northern Quits; Lovett Nominated [JIUWKVK1- u'.v gie COIlbllLUl.. putes bill. The action of the Senate lost week Under an agreement engineered [n defeaUnCi 44.43, H proposal to by Acting Republican Leader industry-wide bargaining may ry (Neb.) and Senator Tuft CR.- influcnco some of the' southerners. M r- the Senate at p. m. The House already has voted to m t t n .rin iw 1C i___ .1 11 ]S K iw EDT. a. in. C.S.T.) tomor- row will cease debate and begin vot- ing on all pending amendments to the bill and then on the measure itself Wherry assured Democratic Lead- er Barldey (Ky.) he would be al- lowed time tomorrow for a final speech on the bill, strongly opposed by the administration. A group of Democrats are offering an entire substitute for the G.O.P. bill. A roll call will be taken on it during the series of votes tomor- 18 Injured by Storms in Texas WUUJU IAH y VYjti. iv i Lcnorah, Texas and i title and department changed to vinhnmn eounted 18 inlured today "army." A new air force department counted 18 injured today after a scries of small tornadoes swept through or near four towns in the two states causing extensive crop and property damage. It was the fourth time in a month that tornadoes had .struck in the two with the dev- astating Woodward, Okla., storm on April 9. In Tcxus. the twister first clipi clown at North Cowdcn, an i producing region in the western part of the state, then hit Lenorah, 40 miles to the northeast, and was last reported at Ackcrly, 20 milus far- ther on. In southwestern Oklahoma, three persons were hurt when a twister swept tho region around El Dorado, not far from the Texas border. Lenorah, Texas, was the hardest hit. The twister swept down on this tiny farming community late yester- day, injuring 15 persons, including two critically. 'army." A new air force department would be created with a cabinet- rank secretary. Russia Sends New Note on Korea Washington Secretary of State George Marshall sent a new note today to Russia on the pro- Iposal to reopen direct Sovlct- Robert A. I-ovott Washington Dean Ache- son resigned today as under secre- tary of state and President Truman appointed Robert A. Lovett to replace him June 30. Lovett, a New York banker. Is assist- of 01 disclosing the changes, the row. Depression Seen Arguing for thu substitute Sen- ator Pepper told the Sen- ate the G.O.P. measure will start the country on the way to a depres- sion if It becomes law. "This bill is not going to stop strikes, It is going to start Pepper shouted. "It cause labor unrest. Is going to s If this legislation Is enacted into law it is going to contribute to a depression." Pepper said corporation prohibit industry-wide _. Therefore the labor, bill which fin- ally passes Congress may or may not contain this provision. contracts of five C.I.O. maritime unions will expire June 15. The biggest unions In- volved arc Joe Curran's National Maritime union, on the East coast, and Harry Bridges' Longshoremen, on the West coast. Demonds Not Known Negotiations haven't started yet. The unions' demands haven't em- erged, i RAILROADS The rail unions I have made demands, but no crisis is likely to develop before fall. Seventeen nonoperating unions (telegraphers, clerks, railroad shop workers, and the like) have banded together and demanded a wage In- crease of 20 cents an hour. The live operating brotherhoods Cenglneers. firemen, trainmen, con- ductors and switchmen) also have decided to work as a unit to seek changes in their working rules, profits, CONSTRUCTION Local u wrote Acheson of, his "great regret" that "I can not again ask you to Costs Hiked Ten Per Cent Ruling Aims at Equalization; South, West to Benefit The Supreme court today upheld an Interstate Commerce commission order raisins railroad freight rates ten per cent In the North nnrt East .ower- ing them ten per cent in the South and as far west as the Rockies. The commission ordered the chances after otticials of southern states complained that higher raien in their region gave northern man- ufacturers competitive advnr.uiges, are so-called class rates. These apply principally to manu- factured articles. Seven-Two Decision Justice Douglas wrote the court's seven-two decision. It was read by Justice Burton in the absence of Douglas, who has been ill with a. cold. Justices Jackson and Frank- furter wrote dissents. The commission in May. 1345. found the freight .structure dis- crimlnated against the South on al- most all manufactured articles and ordered the changes n-s the flr.st stop toward equill7.ini; rates. The commission planned as a sec- ond step to work out "national uni- formity in the classification of freight, and a greater degree of national uniformity in the class k. 1, freight rale .structure." Class rates apply to about four per cent ot ail -i rail freight traffic and yield about six per cent of freight revcnur. Action Ch.iilenfiXd Southern olllclals hulled the I C.C. order as one which would pvrmlt southern industry to "breathe freely for the. first time In history." Nino northern stairs, governors of the six New HuRlmwl suites, and 33 railroads, however, challenged tho I.CC. action or, arbitrary- They said it was not based on facts and lupsot principles of rate nrivato life" '.upsct principles ol raic Acheson has long sought to resign whlcll lind been used for many gen- craVlons. previous year 'while wages and sal- aries decreased In the same period. Downward Spiral "We arc already In the very down- ward spiral of wages, salaries and public purchasing power that Jed us In a toboggan slide to the last he said. Senator George (D.-Ga.) led southern opposition today to n. mild Democratic labor bill as Republi- can leaders predicted overwhelming A ouiws Senate approval this week of legls- ment of the action was outlawing the closed snop Pepper said corporauou CONS rose in 1946 over in the building trades are d sal- and there, with Acnesuri and return to private law practice, Presidential Press Secretary The challengers first presented Charles G Ross announced case before a special threo- Truman's selection of Lovett as Judgc federal court in Utica, NY. Achcson's successor. T r Lovctt's nomination will be sent to the Senate sometime this weelc. Taft CaflsTor Compromise on Budget Reduction Robert Taft called today for a Senate-House budget trimming de- cision ahead of scheduled Senate action next week on the Amt'rlcan negotiations May 20 on a provisional government for Korea. A State department nled by a hint that preparations for the meeting might be held up until a reply is received from Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov. The text was not made public but officials said it might be given out Senate Refuses House Changes in Greek Aid Senate re- fused today to accept House changes in the Greek-Turkish aid bill and sent it to a Senate- House committee to work: out a com- promise. Chairman Arthur Vandenberg (R.- of the Senate foreign rela- tions committee asked for the action. In passing the legislation last week, the House failed to include a provision calling for Senate con- firmation of the top administrators tomorrow. Press Officer Reginald Mitchell declined to say whether a note received Friday from Molotov was satisfactory, or whether instruc- tions have been hold up for Lieu- tenant General John K. Hodge, occupation commander, to make preparations for resump- tion of negotiations. 12 Seek Minneapolis Mayoralty Today Minneapolis Minneapolis cropping up here and there, -with more to come. This is the season when contracts in the industry gen- erally expire._________ Furs to Be Sold at Milwaukee Milwaukee Nearly 90.000 furs, including mink and silver fox pelts, will go on sale here next Monday in a three- day auction of the American Na- tional Cooperative. The offering of trappers and col- lectors wild furs, largest since the auction, was established in 1945, will include muskrats, weasels or ermine, 5.000 rabbits, 4 000 raccoons, opossums, down version OL no red foxes, 700 spotted skunks, 550 He adcKatSrom ten to 15 other ringtail cats, 125 beavers and lots Democrats will vote against it." I of otter, marten, fitch and squirrel. 000 tax cut bill. and curbing many union activities. George told a reporter he con- siders the substitute proposal offer- ed by Senator Murray CMont.) and ten other party members "A watered down version of no citi had a choice of 12 Syria Demands Immediate Freedom for Holy Land Take Success N Y Syria increased Immigration into told the" United Nations today she Holy Land, declaring "the the would accept no solution of the Holy Land problem except the cre- ation of an independent Palestine delegate, election. Mayor Hubert Humphrey seeks re-election. He was opposed for re- nomination by PranK J. Collins, Barton C. Brown, Vincent K, Dunne, Bernard E. Ericson, Roland L. Hill. political com- urmatioii ui LUU uujj of the program. It also wrote in a Earl Kallestad, Robert. J. Kelly, clause MX ..loyalty Oil tills ground, .urncucy nm tloned the advisability Of free nil- screening of all aclmini.stiativc cm- tomoblles for many classes of ells ploycrs. Vandenberg named to head Work on Austrian 11 Treaty Reopened Representatives of the United States, Britain, Russia and France assembled here today to take up work on the Austrian treaty where the "Biff Four" foreign ministers left off a.t their recent Moscow con- fcrciicc. The main issues to be resolved were the definition of German assets in Austria and Yugoslav- ia reparations demands. 4 The voters also nominate candidates for 2B other city offices. Polls close at 8 p. m. Madison Warehouse Fire Loss Madison, VVis. Fire destroy- ed two warehouses of the Doyon Lumber Company yesterday, caus- ing damage estimated at and minor injuries to 12 firemen, Captain Paul Gabbei, head of the Ore department inspection bureau, reported today. Five Madison com- panies joined in fighting the fire which for several hours threatened neighboring business establishments and Homes, Gabbei said. 'commission. Immigration and the current anti. The Jewish agency for Palestine I immigration policy" of Britain, me ,iewibii ____ n? t.he nrnblcm in a prepared statement, mean- while demanded that the U. N. bar British and Arab representa- tives from membership on the In- quiry commission. Moshe Shcrtok. appearing for the agency, also projected the wartime record ot the exiled grand mufti of Jerusalem Into the Palestine debate here for the lirst time. Delivery of Shcrtok's statement 'was delayed by El Khoury's speech. ShertoK told the political commit- Palestine "which 2. A' solution of the problem of That court upheld the I.C.C. The challengers then appealed to the Supreme court. Actual change in class rates was deferred pending the high tribunal's decision. The nine states opposing the in- crease were: Xci- York, Delau-arc. Indiana, Maryland. Michigan, New Jersey. Ohio. Wisconsin and Penn- sylvania. Weather FEDERAL, FORECASTS For Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy and a lilUe cooler and Tuesday with occasional local showers. Low tonight 48; high Tuesday G6. cloudl- tonlKht and Tuesday with oc- dent, Truman's proposed (ICHll COO outlay for the year beginning July 1. It tacked on a' provision ear- marking of any sur- plus for debt reduction. The House earlier had pledged a spending cut without any specific debt payment promises. While the Ohio senator was silent on the particular point, he obviously hopes to be armed with an .inree- ment on spending cuts before the Republicans undergo a Democratic barrage intensified by pot shots from some G.O.P. members on the tax reduction bill. Senators George D. Alkcn a freouent dissenter on policy iDului.li matters and Senator George Wilson LOs who goes off the rescrva- Miami lion occasionally, said they want know the spending totals before New Orleans they vote on taxes. 'Phoenix---- Democrats have lost no west, portions tonight. 1.OCAI. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; minimum. 62; noon. "8: precipitation, none; sun sets tonight :it. sun rises to- morrow ul For the 24 hours ending :il 1- m. Sunday: Maximum. Hfl; minimum, S3; noon, precipiuition. none. Tr.MlT.UATUUMS Kl.SKWHKKK Mln. JVt. .-IS 43 IIy to point out that for more than: two months the Republicans haven't will never allow a wedge to be drlv- CIl ill to ItLLtJOl 1 illicit LWO dOHLX'JS LJ Answering questions submitted to agree on how deep the by committee members last week, D1.unjng knife shall go the Jewish Agency representative ___----------- made these main points: 1. The present political crisis in Palestine "is nothing but a clash between the dire needs of Jowls' Last Marines I Leave Peiping I'cipiiiK- U. S. marines' completed its with- Pciplng. which 19 KIVICR Flood Stage 24-Kr. Stage Today Change Lake City 12.6 Reads 12 8.S .2 Dam -i, T.W....... fl.5 Dam 5. T.W....... 7fi .2 Dam SA. T.W..... Winona iC.lM. Jewish claim and need for immigra- tion would solve nothing." 3. Terrorism in the Holy land Is "the pernicious outgrowth of a dis- astrous policy." The Jewish agency "hns unreservedly condemned ter- rorist bloodshed." The Soviet proposal calling .ui study of immediate Palestine independence "loads the dice heav- ily against the Jews." sion leatherne terical excitement. The last group of 500 men lett, for the port of Chinwnngtuo Humbro Dam C, Pool Dam C, T.W..... Dakota i.C.P.) Dam 7, Pool 7. T.W..... i La Tributary K.7 12 100 Streams .mi.. .1 .1 special train nnd road convoy. Col- onel Julian N. Frisbie. Springfiel-l, 111., tough, ixipular commander of tlie rcBlmcnt. made the trip In n. glass-enclosed special car. There was little ceremony as the marines boarded antiquated, uncom- Uull'uln Tremi Ulack Black mavor. 1.10 operate with the Arabs in the Holy Land, but contended that tho licad of the Arab Higher Committee of mufti now in Cairo directly involved during the war in the Nazi policy of extermin- ation of European Jews." El Khoury delivered a vigorous attack against Jewish demands lor ing Palestine full independence pos- sibly within six months. They predicted also the Russians would be defeated in their effort to include the five major powers on the proposed inquiry commission for the Holy Land. Kumhrn lit Thi-lliiian.. -1 Alma. t. Dodge ni Neillsvllle... at Galesville La Crosso at W. Salem l.G Root at Houston (35 -1 JUVKIl l-QRKCAST (From Unstintrs lo Guttcnbcrg) The Mississippi will fall slowly throughout this district with aver- are three officers and 42 enlisted men handling claims. They will leave May 27. per day the lower section. All f tributaries will fall except with ef- fective rains.
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