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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w BATHER rain tonlfht and Warmer lonlfht, s Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations OKOLSKY His New Column Dally on Editorial Pace VOLUME 47. NO. 39 WINONA. MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING. APRIL 3, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Krug Orders Dangerous Mines Closed U.S. Gets Mandated Islands Gromyko Abstains From Veto Security Council Decision Shows U.S. Power, Austin Says By Larry Ilauck Lake >'ucrevs, N. Y. The vast chains of Pacific Islands where Jupar. mounted her attack against the States officially went American control today through .-.ecurlty council approval of a United Nations strategic area Four hours after the unanimous council decision last night. American Warren R. Austin boarded train for Washington with the rr.njor victory in his pocket. Austin won the significant trl- urr.ph a bitter round of closing ci'batc, where Soviet Delegate An- dre: A. Gromyko at one point ab- stained on a contested section ra- ther than exercise the veto. f N. Hoes Work Commenting that "this demon- r.yaics that the United Nations doos work." Au.-.Un took the report to Cupltol Kill, where he was called Ix-forr a House committee to testify on rxppncJUurr-i of the American Ij'. N. delegation. Austin likewise nd-.ir.rd his old colleagues in the Senate. -which must finally ratify thf agreement, but this was expected to bo a routine step. The agreement gives the United States sweeping rights, amounting to virtual annexation, under which the government may fortify the vital irjiinds, close them at will for secur- reasons, and ban foreign air- craft. Covered Covered in the agreement were nil .'oriHiT Japanc.ir rrmndatcn, In- cluding thr Marlanafl nnd Carallnrs, Thr 034 Islands, sparsely Compromise Offered on Reparations Marshall Would Allow Payments From Production By John M. Hifcbtower of State George Marshall told the council of foreign ministers today the United States would be willing to consider limited German reparations from current production, but only If the Allied powers agreed to leave in Germany a number of plants now earmarked for capital reparations. At the same time Marshall pro- posed the compromise formula, he reaffirmed in a paper circulated 'Yes' Vote on Winona Bond Issues Urged By 3 Labor Groups Terming sewer extensions and construction ot lift station, "the No. 1 necessity for the future of three Winona labor groups today recommended a "yes" vote on all three proposed bond issues In Monday's election. The.statement was issued by the executive and legislative com- mittees of the Winona Trades Labor council and the Wlnon Building Construction Tradi council. The statement follows: We, the executive committee an legislative committee of the Wlnon Trades of badly needed coal. In almost every mining drab today In drizzling men failed to show up on the despite an "urgent request" oiade by authorities in a radio broadcast in German last night. The walk- out order was issued by'mine union leaders yesterday at Bochum, Some officials described the dem- onstration as a "petticoat strike.' They said the miners, with the highest rations in Germany, had no reason to strike on their own be- half but must have listened to wives' complaints that they and their children lacked food. One responsible official pointed out that a miner's family got only normal calories a day is standard in the TJ. S. and British occupation that this had not been met. This official expressed confidence that, their emotions released in a Private Liquor License Bill Gets Initial O.K. St. a sharp wet- dry division In the debate, the house Wednesday gave preliminary approval to a bill requiring com- munities to continue private li- censes before setting up municipal liquor stores. The vote was G2 to 30. Under suspension of rules, the house gave final approval to a measure, recommended by tho high- way committee, which would re- quire the state highway commis- sioner to compel the use of 15 per cent natural cement in state high- way construction. Other measures approved in the house were by: Other Measures Senaltor. John Slmonson, Litch- 'ield, setting salaries for probate udges doubling in juvenile courts per inhabitants. Senator George O'Brien, Grand No Agreement Now Berlin General Lucius D. Clay declared on his arrival today from Moscow lhat( "all hope has been given up of reaching a settlement on rep- arations at this conference." Tho American military gov- ernor for Germany, who was Secretary of State George Mar- shall's chief advisor on Gen- man affairs in Moscow, said tho conference in the Russian capi- tal was "not proving a failure, but also is not proving a suc- cess." Clay said he believed the con- ference was bringing- out and developing the basic issues, which he said were "clear cut." Foreign Minister Georges Bldault that "present demands to increase the reparations agreed upon at Pots- dam cannot be considered by the United States." This was a restatement of his qualified opposition to Molotov's de- mand lor over 20 years. Greater Level of Industry Marshall's new proposal, which previously was taken, up briefly in a- .secret session last Tuesday, is based, he said, on the assumption that the German level of Industry is to be raised and that plants now marked for reparations export can be used to boost the level. The heart of the Marshall formu- la was that that the nations which would have received the plants issues in the election Monday. Sewers No. 1 Problem Of these three proposed civic 1m provements, we believe that th sewer extensions and construction of lift stations are the No. 1 neces sity for the future of Winona. W believe they are the No, 1 problem because the present lift" station a Lafayette and Mark streets is near ing collapse. As a result of sucl a breakdown, all residences in th entire area from Wabasha strcc south and Lafayette street west to the city limits would be flooded with sewage. The bond issue pro- posed calls for the construction o new lift stations and you can't ex- tend the sewers extensively with- out new lift stations. More Important, however, the number of industries in Winona is expanding rapidly. The workers in these industries need 'homes, and we want them to have the higher standards of living. One of them is sanitary sewers. We know that the construction of new homes in Winona is defi- nitely stunted by the lack of sewer: in the outskirts of the city. This is driving people out of the city to build, and Winona loses the tax revenue. The proposed bond issue for sewers would provide1 sewer service to the outskirts of the city. As for the Prairie island road, even without the airport this road is getting in such a condition that something will need to be done soon. This is not a road to the airport: the rond to the airport is to be built from highway Cl. The Prairie island road is a rond to a recreation area and a residential a dike to protect the area, and airport. The flooding of this road annually is a real danger to life. Not too many years ago a whole famil; 518 Soft Coal Pits Affected Secretary Target of Lewis Before Committee Hearing: Washington Secretary of the Interior J. A. Krug today ordered the indefinite closing- of 518 coal mines for safety reasons and John L. Lewis'commentcd: "May God in heaver, forgive him" For not closing them before 111 died at, Centralia, HI. Krug announced that other mines In government possession will be permitted to reopen next Mon- day at end of the miners' six-day mourning period for the Centralia victims, provided the pits are cer- Jfied as safe. The 518 mines ordered closed by Krug because they are "believed employ workers. Enforcing Own Code Lewis was testifying on mine afety to a House committee -when Krug issued the order at the In- deportment. "I point the United Mine Workers chief said, "that Secretary is doing now what he should lave done ever since the safety Governor Dwight Green of Illinois announced that Robert M. Medill (above) had resigned ns director of the Illinois de- partment of mines and minerals "for the good of the service." (A.P. WIrephoto.) 7ilchock and -tapes Suspended 5y Pro League Philadelphia The National ootbnll league tociny suspended [definitely Prank 'eric Hupc.s. New Fllchock and York Giants nycrs Involved in attempts to fix ic circuit's 1946 championship inic. Commissioner Eert Bell announc- d the decision just 24 hours nftor ntcnclnR of three men in New 4 iiivi if-i UJ. UIJi JiiVJli JIl Ai'- W SS York for their part in the biggest sports scandal since the 1910 base- ball World scries. Bell said he found the two play- ers "guilty of actions detrimental to the welfare of the National Foot- ball league and of professional football." D dlkc likc the Prairie island road. This could happen on the Prairie island rond. The third project is the comple- tion of Lake WinoJia dredging. This project was begun before the war. The city at that time invested mon- ey in the lake, and the city should Every Ohio Mine Powhatan Point, Objo Adolph Pacifico, vice-president of district six, United Mine Workers, snid today he believed every cool mine in Ohio would he affected by Interior Secre- tary Krug's order closing 518 unsafe mines. should agree instead to receive an now complete the oroiect to rc-iliyo'f A T- equivalent value in German repara-; the in vestment to Australia. Sapids, authorizing the conservation tlons. "If reparation from current out- put is conceived in this way, the United States delegation Is willing, without commitment, to have its ex- perts study this the state- Inoim is a natural asset, and the city should develop it, Of these three projects, the pro- posed bond issue for sewer exten- sions and lift stations is the largest. mcnt said. Clay Leaves Earlier, General Lucius D. Clay, principal advisor to Marshall on Germany, left by plane for Berlin in a move interpreted as indicating the United States delegation little prospect of settling any Ger man issues at the current confer cnce. There was no indication that thi Marshall formula would be at al satisfactory to .Russia. It tauldaH.w j2 eac bnnr nn t t built on the streets to Visit St. Paul Sydney, Australia -W) Amljns sndor Robert Butler left by plani today for a month's visit in thi U, to include his St. Paul home u' o-i lo mciuac nis at. faui name J Vlsltlnu Sydney's royal -show Wed- home inesday, BuOer commented: "I come to be extended, more sewers tax revenue will be added to city's funds. where Minnesota where the best ni-p nnnnlynrt "Cd this excels all of them." one-day walkout, the miners to extend miningiquestion whether it might provldi TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pet, 47 33 D'-r.vcr Paui. N' -A- NI-.V York C7 CG 80 54 80 54 C3 40 50 68 35 50 38 50 42 48 BULLETIN .44 .02 .G7 Flood Stapo 24-Hr. StaKe Today Change O.-irn IJ..TT. V. U..T! '7. 4.3 -J- .1 7.5 -I- .4 12 4.2 -I- .2 I. T. 5.3 -i- .3 T. 3.4 .4 A. T. W..... .j. .i 'C.7M 13 Pool 8.U -H T W...... 5.4 B.I ,1 I'oc.I fl.C T. 3.8 12 5.9 .1 Tributary Streams lit Uunind 3.5 .1 Zumbro ut Theilmnn 4.P .5 rJurJulo abfive Alrnu ..3.2 .5 nt Dotige 2.C Illark n: Nclllsvllle 7.8 H: Oalesvllln 4.0 CTC.KJ.C ;it Salem 2.1 .1 Uco: :i! 7.8 ICIVKK FOKKCAST ifriim II.istincH to (luttenbcrR) Badger Senate Confirms Whitney Madison. Wis. The state senate confirmed by a 20 to 10 vote today the appointment of Wlklon F. Whitney to the public service commission for a six-year term as recommended by the late Governor Walter Goodland. The confirmation came following DO-mlnutc debate in whlcn senators opposed to his confirmation cited claims that Whitney had taken prominent roles in commission rul- ings held to be detrimental to co- operative and farming interests. Whitney's confirmation was op- posed by the Wisconsin Electric Cooperative and allied farm groups. return to work and production grad- ually would begin to climb back to of the Easter holidays. normal. Because leases on low grade ore properties up to a limit of January 1, 1975 with approval of the state executive committee. however, full-scale resumption ofi Representative Louis Hill, St. work was not expected before served notice he would seek a week. Von Runs ted t May Be Turned Over to U. S. A usually well- informed source said today the British soon would hand over Ger- man Field Marshal Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt to American war crimes trial authorities In Nuernberg. American officials declined cither to confirm or deny this report. Von Rundstedt, commander of German forces during the "Battle of the was brought from a basis for further negotiations tc break .the reparations deadlocl which was barring progress on al major issues. British leaders have circularize their delegation with Instructions tc be ready to leave Moscow on Apri England recently to testify at war crimes trial in the British occupation zone in Germany. special order today which would bring the rcapportionment bill DC-J13. This is a target date and may fore the house again Monday. He be shoved back a week, but it show's said his committee's revamped the trend of thought. measure would raise house member- ship from the present 131 to 141. Senator Karl Neumeier, Still- The best American estimate is that the conference will last unti about the end of the week of April water, and others Introduced for after the present German joint resolution, later referred to. discussions are ended the foreign the judiciary committee, which ministers still have to talk about would put Minnesota on record as, such major subjects as German ratifying the proposed amendment; frontiers, the American-sponsored to the federal constitution limiting, "Blg Pour- German disarmament presidents to two terms. Five Major Bills The senate, civil administration committee recommended for passage five major bills, Including: will br gradual Increase trnim flow over the weekend rises averaging ,2 to .3 of in all upper pools. The Win- IJinc'k rivers will rise l.v smaller tributaries will in cu.sc of effective rainfall. Greek Loan Sent to Senate Without Dissenting Vote Washington The Senate foreign rcIiiUons committee today approved, 13-0, legislation to carry out President Truman's program of extending financial and limited military aid to Greece and Turkey. Brushing aside proposals to elimi- nate Turkey as a beneficiary and to strike out the military aid provi- sions, the committee unanimously sent an amended bill to the Senate for expected action there next week. Before acting, it revised an amend- ment by Chairman Arlhur Vandun- (R.-Mlch.) to give the United Nations authority to call a halt on American assistance only when the ntcrnatlonal organization finds ;hat assistance being provided by tself makes the continuance ot American aid unnecessary. I Representative Eaton (R.-N. of the Houso foreign affairs com- mltee bluntly blamed Russia to- day for inability of the United Na- tions to net In the Greek-Turkish situation. "I know something about tho United Nations." declared Eaton, who has served as consultant to American delegations at U.N. con- ferences. I "The U.N. has absolutely no funds to meet starvation through- out the Eaton said, and added that it has no military or- ganization. "The reason for he said, "is that tho Russian delegate has exer- :lsed a continued back, confusing and which has made It impossible to be ready now." The fair employment practices act, creating a commission to try settlements ol cases of dis- crimination in employment be- cause of race, creed or color. The youth conservation act, setting up a commission to seek the rehabilitation of young per- sons convicted of crimes instead of imprisoning them. A measure setting up a hous- ing commission to inquire Into building problems and to seek to aid private Industry in solving building problems. A proposal to amend the state civil service law in major re- spects and the house approved bill providing general salary in- creases for state employes. Recommended for passage by the senate education committee was the bill which would transfer the Du- luth State Teachers college to the University of Minnesota. The same committee !nld over for further study a measure by Senator Val Imm, Mankato, which would en- able state teachers colleges generally to tuach liberal arts courses and grant B.A, degrees, a prerogative they held during wartime under emergency regulations. treaty, and the Austrian treaty. Milwaukee Shooting Accidental, Jury Says coroner's jury returned a verdict of justifiable homicide yesterday In the death of Allan Borchardt, 16, who was acci- dentally shot by a policeman as he fled from a stolen car Saturday. Patrolman Prank Kocjan, from whose gun the fatal shot was fired, told the jury "I slipped and as I slipped I pivoted. I had not in- tended to fire the gun. It went off accidentally." The jury termed the death "an unfortunate incident." Greek Loan Favored, Survey by A.P. Shows Washington An Asso- ciated Press survey of the House foreign affairs committee today Hhows :i bipartisan majority President Truman's measure to help Greece and Turkey tend off communism. Of the 25 members, 13 regis- tered themselves in favor of the program in general terms. Five asked to listed at this time as cither undecided or noncommit- al. The others were reported out of town. Kickback ;Fall Down Stairs Clayton. N. kickback iKills Hartford Man broke Paul Miller's leg. The young Seneca rancher said he kicked an old bull to hurry him into a corral. The bull kicked back. Hartford, Wis. Clifford Wiscwcll, G7, was injured fatally yesterday when he fell down a flight i of stairs at the apartment building I where ho Jived. Bridget Pufjlicsc eight-year-old of Brooklyn, N. is all smiles as are her playmates, twins Joan (left) and Rose Marie Gabriel. Bridget, whose right leg is still bandaged, was crippled for life when she was run down by a Brooklyn trolley as she pushed the twins from its past lust summer. She was awarded by tho city. code became effective. He's starting to enforce his own after 111 men died at Centralia." Lewis then demanded: "What should the. United Mine Workers do Kc continued: "If we must grind up human flesh and bones in the industrial machino that we call modern America then before God I assert that those who consume the coal and are made comfortable by protection to those men first, 'and owe security to their widows and children. "1 sn.y it, I voice It. I proclaim t. And I care not who in heaven or hell opposes it." Removal At one point, Lewis accused Knur of "lying" and demanded "that he be removed from his high office." Recalling the work agreement vhich he signed last year with. Krug, he .snid: "We knew that the coal operators wouldn't keep the mines safe. he reason why we asked Krug to o it. Lewis called Krug: "This modern Hercules with umber 12 shoe and the size flve .it." Scornfully. Lewis drawled that (.his "Hercules" had "reduced mine fatalities from 95 a month to 85 n. month nnd then rested from his labors." Approximately miners are employed at the 518 mines which Krug said nre "believed dangeroua from an explosion point of view." Rc-exanjin.ition Ordered Krug said that a review of inspec- tion reports did not Indicate un- duly hazardous conditions In mines. But lie directed an Imme- diate re-examination of safety con- ditions and practices along with consideration of any federal or state nspection reports. Navy Captain N. H, CollLssorj. coul mines administrator, called on Lewis to submit the names of any other mines "which the union con- .idcrs so hazardous as to require closing." In order to reopen the 518 mines :ansidered hazardous, a safety ccr- ilicatc will be required from the union safely committee and the mines manager, Krug said. If agree- ment cannot be reached on the afety certificate, a federal inspec- or will be sent as soon as possible o go through the mine again and recommend when it can be opened. The 518 mines which will remain closed are scattered throughout the nation. The Interior department estimates the daily output of these mines at tons of bituminous coaJ. Boy Scout, 15, Kills Wildcat With Knife San Diego, Calif. Fifteen- j'ear-old Charles Edward Bonks of Nearby El Cojon, was credited by Boy Scout officials Wednesday with milling with a knife a. wildcat at- tacking his father, Edward A. Banks. Earlc B. Moore, area Scout execu- tive, reported the elder Banks, ending a group of boys on an out- ng, was attacked by the wildcat, vho leaped from a dry wash. As Banks held it off, receiving numer- ous bites nnd scratches, his son. umpcd forward and cut the cat's throat with his Scout knife. Dr. H. A. Thompson, bnctcriol- iglst ot the city-county health de- partment, said examination of the animal disclosed it was infected. vitli rabies. riagen Urges Check on Postal Efficiency Washington Jlopre.wnta- ive HrtRcn (R.-Minn.l Wednesday uggestcd no efficiency survey of he Postofficc department, pointing ut that no such study of the far- flung postal service has been made or about 50 years. Hagen is n. member of the postofficc commlt- which would conduct the sur- cy-
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