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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER s Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations OKOLSKY Read His New Column Daily on Editorial Paee VOLUME 47, NO. 33 WINONA, MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 27, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Tax Cut Bill Passes House, 273-137 Krug Rapped for Centralia Mine Disaster As Senate Orders Investigation of Blast Rescue Squads Work to Recover Bodies of 76 Still in Pit Ontralla, III. The twisted and broken bodies of 18 miners were brought to the surface from the Cmtrallji Coal Company's No. 5 mine this morning, increasing to 35 the number of known dead In an explosion Tuesday and leaving 70 trapped in the pit-and given "r.o chwice at all" by n mine rescue WjU.'id leader. A heavy sno.v fell over the grim wf.inB nr, reseui: squads, after work- Jn" through thr early mornln? hours, brought the secv.i-.d group ot dead miners from 540 feet below the ground. There were only a few per- at the pit as the bodies were placed in ambulances and taken to it temporary morgue In n nearby bu.i Last night 16 bodies were removed to the Kariifrc. Earlier one m'.npr removed from the mine on Tucvlay An unidentified rescue worker sold the bodies of the 1C brought from the pit todny were twisted and bruiwd and clothing on some were burned, indicating they had been nearer to the explosion than the 1C miners who were found last nlcrht. Death Toll 111 The toll of 111 dead predicted by William J. Rowekamp, rescue leader and recording secretary, of the Cen- tralia local of the A.F.L. United Mine Workers whose members worked the mine, would rank the rtiMistrr as the greatest In the na lion's coal fields since 105 lost their lives in 1028 at Mather. Pa. Opinions varied widely as to the length of time that woQld be re- quired to complete exploration of the more than three and one-half m'.le tunnel In which the trapped men hud been working. .Drlscoll O. Scanlan, rin Illinois Mute mine Inspector, nnld because of .-.low progress It might take n week to probe to the end of the neven-foot-hlgh passage. Mule pow- er was being used In preference to machinery for fear of electrical Kpnrlv detonating gases collected In the workings. Rescue workers KO.S masks. Slclo diggings OJT the fast-west paxsngo were being boarded up to assure better ventila- tion for rescue workers. Relatives of the miners' hold ft vigil nt the mine entrance during the day and early evening yesterday but as the tedious rescue work far underground proceeded slowly they went to their homes. Letlrr Krvenled Meanwhile, there were these other developments: RottTkamp made public n letter the union local had sent to Gover- nor Dwljrht Green of Illinois n year asking the governor "to please wive our lives, to ploosc make the department of mines and minerals enforce the laws (at the before we have a dust explo- sion." Governor Green's office said In a statement that such u letter had been received and that the governor hud requested the department con- cerned to give It "full and complete consideration." The governor nlso released a report to him, from the committee, named by the state de- partment to investigate charges mntle in the letter, which related that "the complaint sounds a good deal worse than it really is." s> Report to Be Invc.itljtiitcd Circuit Judge Ralph L. JV'nxwell said In a statement he would In- struct the Washington county grand Jury to conduct an Inquiry to deter. if any criminal negligence was involved In the explosion. The )ury will meet next April 14. A .'.tnte Inspection of the mine rr.ude a week before the disaster fJiowed the mine was "not adequate- ly that dirty haulage roads should be cleansed and sprin- kled and ventilation Increased at various points. The Inspection re- port also stated recommendations of previous inspections had "not been compiled with and should be com- plied with." Young of the coal company said In nnxwer to this that "We have been working on these recommendations. Some cim be accomplished In a few day. but others take several months, hieh accounts for their appearance in .several reports." Rook dust is finely ground rock spread in mines for the purpose of reducing explosion hazards. Families of the victims of the ex plosion Tuesday in the Centralia Corxl Company's No. 5 mine will not get Immediate aid from the United Mine Workers health and welfare royalty fund. U.M.W. hcad- qu.irtcrs said, but, a state district U.M.W. official said.' they are eligi- ble for state Industrial compensa- Pollce, And Volunteer Workers hold hands as they form a ring (foreground and at right) around the tipple of the Centralia Coal Company No. 5, Centralia, HI., as blankets are handed to miners coming from rescue mission to reach trapped miners. (A.P. Wlrephoto.) Centralia Coal Lifts Bring Up Bodies of Dead Miners By Robert A. Suits Centralia, lifts at the Centralia Coal Company, No. 5 mine rose to the surface this morning as silently as the fall- ing snow and death rode along with each of 16_ trips. Every fow minutes the twisted, broken body of a Badger Daylight Saving Vote To Be Taken MadUon, Win. Rural nnd urban WIsconsInltes, who have been trading punches Intermittent- ly for two decades over the Issue of daylight saving time, will go another fast round next Tuesday. This time, instead of a verbal exchange, the voters will register beneath an olive drab blanket, was carried past a safety gate to a wait- ing ambulance a few feet away. The hclmctcd squad of. lour rescue workers about-faced, re-entered a platform lift and dropped quickly from sight. Scarcely had they dis- appeared before the bowed 'heads of another four men rose Into view on an adjacent lift. The cables slap- per softly against the upper der- rick, causing snow to shower down from the pithead auperstructurc. jmust "give a great deal of weight" Hoover Dubious Of Proposed Red Party Ban By Douglass B. C.ornell Waahlnrtoh F.B.I. Dlrep- tor J. Edgar Hoover's "grave doubts" of the wisdom of outlawing the Communist party all but clinched today a congressional-committee de- cision on .that hot, red Issue. "I would Hoover said, "to see a group not deserving the cate- gory of martyrs made martyrs by some law which might later be de- clared unconstitutional." Representative Nixon (R.-Callf.') told reporters later the House com- mittee on un-Amcrlcan activities Butler Points to 'Possible Negligence of Federal Officials But- ler planned to designate a Senate public lands subcommittee today, to determine whether negli- gence by any, federal oUicin.1 led to the Centralia, 111., mine dis- aster. The Senate decision to order the Inquiry and provide for ex- penses came after sharp partisan debate but members were not re- corded on the voice vote. Republicans, centering their fire on Secretary of the Interior J. A. Krug, blamed the administration for safety code violations in soft coal mines. The Interior department has been operating them Bunder govern- ment seizure since last May 22. Of Missing Insuranceman Ed-ward Schoniger Found Floating in Mississippi The body of a man, identified by Sheriff George Port of Winona as that of Edward Schoniger, Winona .nsuranceman missing since Novem- ber, was found floating in the Missis- sippi river along the Wisconsin shore about opposite the Yahnke ice house at 9 o'clock this morning.] Sheriff Port, who answered the call, remained at the river until a call could be placed for. Buffalo county authorities since the area is in Wisconsin. Early this afternoon the body had not yet been removed, pending an official release by Buf- F.B.L Has Diaper Shortage Beaten San Francisco (IP) TIic Federal Bureau of Invcstijfation lias so many diapers on hand Its storage capacity can't ac- commodate them. U. S. Attorney Frank J. Hen- nessey took the problem to Fed- eral Jadfrc Michael J. Roche. The judge set June 7 as the final date for owners to establish their rights to the articles. It unclaimed, they will be sold. Hennessey said most of the diapers had been stolen from interstate commerce shipments. Democrats accused the G.O.P. County Coroner H. F. Stoehr, of trying to make political capital IAlma of the explosion in the Centralia Coal Company's mine No. 5, The Investigation was proposed in resolution (R.-I1U. by Senator Brooks. Arguing for its adoption, Senator Bridges (R.-N. called Krug the man directly responsible" for .he disaster and an "arrogant bu- reaucrat" who instead of supervis- ng operation of the mines has been "spending his time traveling all over the United States cam- paigning for the vice-presidency." Retorted Senator Taylor followed In several minutes, he had disappeared. A search was begun and abou 7 p. m. the missing man's overcoa was found at the rear of the Pain Garden. The area along the rive behind the tavern also was reache and about 11 p. m. Schoniger's ha was found on the shore. The rlv: Bureau''of Mines recommendations dragged subsequently but state policemen, a sprinkling of min when Milwaukee adopted a loca ordinance providing for It. Twc years later the city repealed the ordinance and that same year the legislature passed a law providing thnt only central standard time could be used In Wisconsin. Since then, many attempts have ben made by legislators to kill the standard time law, but all failed Rural Interests consistently have objected to daylight time, contend- ing that It forces them to work by two time time and daylight saving time. Residents of urban areas have been for daylight saving time be. cause it gives them an hour more of daylight in the afternoon In which they can enjoy outdoor rec- reation and pursuits. Bavarian Office in Nurnberg Bombed bomb explosion last night rocked headquarters of the Bavarian commissioner for racial and political pcrsecutees. The build- ing was damaged but no persons were injured. Red Cross and Salvation Army rep- resentatives, who waited prayer- fully. A rescue squad which entered the mine lost midnight as snow began to fall returned to the surface at dawn and trudged through deep snow to report that the bodies were ready for removal. Macabre March Army and private ambulance: backed Into position, waiting, en- gines idling. There was a sound of stumping feet In the snow and men softly slapped gloved hands together. Wet snow packed atop caps and clung to their shoulders. "Watch the warned a mine employe at the shaft opening. Through the murky light the first body was carried out. Its 1'ect, toes jointed downward, protruded under he blanket edge. The figure made a huddled outline as though kneeling o bury its face In the stretcher. The lift fell. The other rose. When the last ambulance drove to HooverJs Ideas. Nixon said leg- islation to outlaw the Communist party "won't be approved as It is presently written." And he implied that no bill to outlaw the party will be approved.! The P.B.I, chief testified to th committee late yesterday on bill to wipe out the party. Eugene Dennis, party secretary also tried to tell the committee in a statement that bills are uncon stltutlonal. He didn't get a chance In a short, rough and tumble appearance before the committee Dennis refused to give his name, was ordered curtly from the room, and was handed a subpoena and usually awaits the bureau's re inspections. Collisson's office said he would have no comment on the Senah debate or the disaster until invcs tlgations are completed. to return April, 8. Dennis tossed the subpoena to the floor. Technically In Contempt Chairman J. Farnell Thomas (R.- N. J.) told reporters: "We are going through with this case on no uncertain way. He Is technically In contenlpt now. He refused to answer questions of the committee." Both Hoover and Robert E. Strip- Ing, chief Investigator for the com- mittee, read off half a dozen names (Continued on Page 3, Column 4) HOOVER Youngdahl Asked To Apologize for Bribery Remarks Virginia, Minn. Charging acts by Governor Youngdahl could 'only be interpreted as urging their conviction." D. A. Bourgln, Virginia attorney for three of. four men ac- cused of last night called upon the state's chief executive for an apology to the trio. Those accused in pending court actions are T. M. Seppi, Mountain :ron village trustee; H. Terrio, a former trustee, and Victor Lahti, Virginia tavern owner and former ilot machine owner. Arraignments f the trio Wednesday was delayed until April 2 by Municipal Judge Frank Rosemeier. Mountain Iron Mayor Clarence C. Liquor Licensing Bill Reported Out St. proposal to re- ulrc all cities and villages llcens ng municipal or private liquo: tores to levy a tax on liquor bough' or sale was reported out withou ecommendatlon today by the sen- te liquor control commissioner. Subject matter of the bill Is to be to the committee for hear- warmth of their automobiles. weary watchers dispersed. i industry indicated they would op- Experimental Bomber, B-36, Lands Despite Gear Damage pose the measure. As sent out the bill sets these Ban on 'False' Ads Proposed St. advertising, or advertising that "tends to de- crivc or mislead." would bo pro- hibited under n bill introduced In the Mute senate today by Senator A. O. Slctvold, Detroit Lakes. Rc- for enforcement would placed primarily on the commls- Monrr of agriculture, but county ati-ntx would be authorized to take uMiiU steps to prosecute viola- Fort Worth, army air forces' B-36, heralded as able to "carry an atomic bomb to any inhabited region in the worlc and is safe to fly another day. Although the plane's massive right landing; gear was damaged, Test.Pilot B. A. Erlckson and C'j- Pllot Gus Orccn nursed the air giant to a smooth stop on the Port Worth army air field last night as hun- dreds of soldiers and other specta- tors cheered. Two hours earlier, the huge plnnc, world's largest land bomber, had disgorged 12 of tho 14 men aboard. A stiff wind caught their parachutes and tossed them over n wide section of the rolling hill country west of Fort Worth. Six of tho men were Injured In landing. Tho necessity of making an emer- gency landing became apparent soon after the 130-ton experimental bomber took the air on its 15th test flight at p. m. (C.S.T.) yes- terday. Through the long interven- ing hours, ns It burned up excess gasoline and dropped it passengers, tho plane was In radio contact with the air base control tower. Balancing the great bulk of the machine so that its weight bore chiefly on its undamaged left land- Ing gear, the pilots rolled It to a gentle stop. j An official of Consolidated in Now I York said the pilots had "saved a plane." Tho company said that while sub- sequent planes of the1 same type rates, based on the wholesale price of liquor uought for sale: On-off sale liquor stores, five per cent; on on-sale stores, ten per cent; and on combination on and off sale per cent. It was estimated this would yield a; total to communities having liquor estaolishments of approxi- mately ,a year. Yugoslavia Will Not Yield Ships London Yugoslavia has ;urned down United States and British demands that she give up ten Italian merchant vessels seized as war prizes .after the Allies signed the September, 1943, armistice with Italy, official sources said today. A foreign office spokesman said the Yugoslav government had sent a "not very satisfactory" reply to a Pelgen, fourth defendant, was ar- aigned Tuesday, waived exn.mina- ion and was bound over to district ourt. Bourgin cited a radio talk Young- ahl made Tuesday night and tatements concerning the case he Tiade to the press. In St. Paul, Governor Youngdahl when asked about Bourgin's charge, trace was found of the body. Mr. Schoniger was born Jn Stock ton valley August 20, 1878. He 1 survived by his wife, 217 East Wa bosha street, two daughters, one son and four grandchildren. Daughter are Mrs. Mildred Murtinger, Mil- waukee, and Mrs. I. J. Bergholt Teaneck, N. J., and the son is Ray- mond Schonlger, Shawano, Wis. At the time of his disappearance, a re- ward of was offered for In- formation leading abouts. to his where- Weather FEDERAL, FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy with slowly rising tempera- ;ure tonight; low 28. Mostly cloudy Friday and warmer; high 45. Minnesota Partly cloudy tonight and Friday. A few snow flurries north tonight. Not so cold north- last tonight. Somewhat warmer iouth Friday. cloudy tonight xnd Friday. A few snow flurries lorthwcst tonight and north Fri- day. Slowly rising temperatures. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: had amended it to raise the num- ber of house members from 131 to 132. after protesting the manner Jn which Koochlchlng county had been rcdistrlcted. A brief reapportionment discus- sion also came up in the senate where it was agreed to postpone further deliberation until later in the session. Measure Goes To Senate for Final O.K. Bill Cuts Income Tax Payments by By Francis M. Lcroay Washington The Jlousa passed today a Republican-backed bill slashing Income taxes tills year by almost The legisla- tion now goes to the Senate, where t probably will be revised. The rollcall vote on passage was. 273 for the bill, 137 against. Just before the final vote, the Re- publicans beat back In a 237-172 vote a Democratic motion to lay aside the bill until Congress has more information on the government expenditures and revenues, as well as possible new foreign commit- ments. The tax the Senate and President Truman approve be retroactive to January I. It would cut taxes of Joivor income persons by 30 per cent and give a 20 per cent reduction to most others among the taxpayers. Withholdings fro7n wages and sal- aries would drop to lower levels on June 1, and taxpayers would get re- "unds on any overpayments froni January 1 to June 1. However, Senator Taft (R.-Ohio> already has indicated the Senate will revise the measure to make the cut effective July 1, instead of January 1. This would hold the tax reduction to around this year. Taft contends the House bill ac- tually would cost the reduced revenues and tax refunds in the fiscal year beginning July 1. Some Democratic leaders said pri- vately that Mr. Truman is bound to veto the bill if it reaches him in its present form. Enfi-cl Assails Plan Earlier Representative Engel (R.- Mich.) told the House that G.O.P. bill "gives a man who made the biggest profits during the war the biggest tax relief." "All I want is to give the low income group a contending that he said, the House bill Veterans Study Representative Robert J. Shcran Mnnkato, and others proposed a house resolution setting up a ten- member interim committee, to in- quire into the hardships and needs of World War II veterans, its activi- ties to be financed by a 20 per cent tax on admissions to places of amusement. He explained this set- up would be over and. above any bonus legislation. Sent to house general orders by the house public welfare commit- ;ee was a bill limiting small loan firms to maximum individual loans of with simple interest of eight per cent, or a charge of two- hirds of one per cent a month on balances in excess of In the senate, the bill providing or compulsory drivers license cx- imlnatlons was put on general or- ders after the motor vehicles com- mittee had recommended it for pass- vge. Senator Karl Neumcier. Still, vatcr, succeeded with an amend- lent which would allow those now lolding licenses to renew them without examination, except in oscs where permits had been previ- usly canceled or suspended, New Department The senate civil administration roup recommended for passage a ill creating a state department of usiness research and development, hich would combine the state gJves a man and wife with a year incomes a tax cut of W while giving the a year man a cut. He declared: "Unless fog is cleared from, the brain of some of our Republican leaders, they will find themselves once more a minority party when the next election rolls around." However, his speech failed to halt the dominant Republicans in their drive for the 20-30 per cent tax- cutting measure. Kousc Meets Early Republican Leader Halleck of Indiana sought to interrupt Engcl for questioning. The Michigan, member shot back: "I have the floor. You can run your crowd, but you can't run me, Brother." Members were called into session two hours earlier usual. Democratic Leader Raybum of Texiis supported President Tru- nnn's plea that Congress emphasize debt payments this year rather than tax-cutting. Party Views Before the House voted, party Maximum. 43; minimum. 18; bureau, resour ut toilwater stages will fall from I Lima to Dam No. 9, averaging .3 to; 5 foot with a rise of .5 foot at Dam I 10. The lower Black and the lower Wisconsin rivers have about reached crest. lines solidified behind these bitterly conflicting contentions: REPUBLICANS The bill redeems a campaign pledge. It would case tlic tax burden of low income jrroups, encourage risks by businessmen to develop new plants and new jobs md put "the ax to punitive taxes." Tlic G.O.P. spokesmen contend- ed the tax cut would money to begin payments on tlic debt. DEMOCRATS It is a bill to pay off on a Republican campaign pledge without re- to the needs of the treas- ury. It is "a discriminatory patchwork oC political expedi- equitable, timely, nor sound." The Democrats said tile bill would give a "windfall" to persons with large incomes. Some Democratic leaders Insisted privately that Mr. Truman would veto the measure if it gets to his desk in its present form. How Hill Would Work Here's how the bill would work: 1. A 30 per cent cut for persons with taxable income (gross income minus personal exemptions and de- up to This would mean a 30 per cent reduction for a single person earning up to about appropriations committee todny. Isi.GSO; a married man with gross Sponsored by George French of i income up to S2.200: a married Minneapolis and others, the meas- couple with one child to ure would establish a young con- servation commission empowered to and a married couple with two children. prescribe corrective treatment for' o, A 20 per cent cut for persons persons under 21 years of nge taxable incomes above S1.396 arc convicted "of crime. U. S. Reparations From Germany Large, Says Russian Newspaper communist orffan Pravda reiterated today Russian assertions tliat the United States and Gre.it Britain have received more than SIO.- in reparations from Gcriimnv. Only yesterday U. S. Secre- tary of State Marshall circulated amonff the foreign ministers a statement saying that the Unit- ed Stales thus far had received no more than in reparations. until income reaches S302.000. Any income above would get a 10.5 per cent tax cut. 3. A "notch" provision whereby each person with taxable income between and S1.395 would get graduated cuts ranging from for the income to for the JS1.395 income. Ihis is done to pre- Ivcnt a loo .sharp transition from 30 to (he 20 per rent cuting levels, Persons over 65 would get on extra personal exemption. j bringing their exemptions to i If they elect to lake advantage of Ithis provision, however, they may 'not apply exemptions in present lax law for annuities such as those under the railroad retirement or social security acts.
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