Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 8, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER nhtl Hunrtay, In Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of s OKOLSKY Read His Xcw Column Dally on Editorial VOLUME 47, NO. 17 WINONA. MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 8. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES Marshall Seeks 4-Power Security Pact Truman to State Views on Greece Monday _ Vte. i mi ii- -n..i. _ i-i------ _____ _ Crisis Puts Problem Up To Congress President May Ask Arms for Friendly Forces Tru probably will make an an nounctment on the Greek itltua tlon Monday after he confers with concresKlonat leaders. The White House announced thl. today as the British ambassador nnd Acting Secretary of State Ache- Kin discussed Greek problems thr Suite department, The ambassador. Lord Inver- chappl. told reporters In response to a question that he had not de- livered any note to Acheson. Asked IT Greece was discussed Ifivcrchnpt-1 replied: "Can't you use your Plans Announcement Presidential Secretary Charles Ross, discussing the meeting of Mr Truman with congressional and government lenders Monday, tolc reporters: "In all probability there will be U.N. Action Urged Ilrprexent- ntlvp Clarence Ill-own (K.-Olllo) today called on President Tru- man to turn the critical Greek Mtuatlon ovrr to the United Na- tions Immediately. Brown protested In ntrone the "se- crecr" In making for pos- sible direct Intervention In the strife-torn Mediterranean coun- try's Brown declared In hl.t state- ment that "the administration Is remlrrlnjr a grave disservice to the American people by. the Greek situation In, secrecy." He asserted that "the people are entitled to a chance In do not want these mysterious buildups." Brown sale! that "If ever there was a time for nrss the time Is now when wo nrr undoubtedly faced by what will be succession of crises in forelirn affairs." Three Killed in 4- Car Gore Points Crash Near Norwood Norwood, Minn. Three persons were killed last night and five others were injured in a four-car automobile accident on Ice-glazed highway 212 a half mile weal of Norwood. Nor- wood Is about 20 miles west of Shakopcc. The dead were Donald E. Burke, 38, Minneapolis; Mm. Donald Wales, 25, Minneapolis; and J. A. YValscr of Mankato. The following were taken to the hospital at Glcncoe for treatment of injuries: Donald Wales, 25, chest In- juries: his son, Thomas Lee Wales, three and n half, cuts and a possible lee fracture; Orville Kroelli, 19, Norwood, bruises; Miss Edna Wesscndorf, 27, Springfield, Minn., arm frac- ture and hip dislocation. Sheriff Lester Mclchcrt of Carver county said a car driven by O. T. Johnson, Plpcstone county court clerk, skidded on the pavement 'shortly after 1 p. m. It overturned. He and members of his family were not hurt. A second automobile pullcd- up and in trying to stop skidded sideways across the road direct- ly in the path of two cars ap- proaching from opposite direc- tions. The together, the wreckage blocking the high- way. Supreme Court Asked To Make Ban Against Strike Effective By Harold W. Ward Washington (fP) The government will ask the Supreme court Monday to knock out the possibility of a soft coal stoppage rtarch 31 by handing down Immediately Its mandate against John L. Lewis and the United Mine Workers. Union attorneys called a huddle today to decide whether they will oppose the motion by Attorney Way to Save Would Cut. Interest! on Income Tax Refunds to 3% ore (D.-Tenn.) proposed today ;hat Congress save in ;he 1948 budget by cutting the In- terest rate on income tax refunds n two. He told newsmen this would 'provide some real economy" in the first big appropriation bill of the soth Congress, which he called a Republican "hidden ball iham and a phony." As it came from the G.O.P.-con- rolled appropriations committee, he measure provld- ng funds for the treasury and post- ffice lopped off Fresi- .ent Truman's budget estimates. Savings Possible But Gore, a member of the com- mittee, declared of the pparent saving was achieved by lashing the estimate for tax re-1 unds. The refunds will have to Tugs And Fire boats Pour water into the liner S. S. John Ericsson as Jt burns at Plei1 90 in the Hud- son river in New York city. In the background is the Queen Elizabeth at her berth on the other side of the pier. Passengers were embarking on the Queen Elizabeth when the fire swept the promenade deck of the John Ericsson. (A.P. Wirephoto.) e made, he said, and Congress will! avc to provide the money now or, later. T T AT A r> Liner Crippled U.N. Awaits British Proposal on Palestine New York Fire By John A. Parris, Jr. announcement at that time faft to Canvass .O.P. Opinion )n Rent Control Toft R.-Ohlo) called the Senate Rcpub- caii policy committee together to- ay to canvass what he said is a wide difference of opinion" over the extension of rent controls. Taft told a reporter the policy committee is likely to turn the ques- tion over to a j Monday night con- ference of all of the 51 Senate Re- publicans. He said this will be the first in a series of meetings of the majority group, expected to bo held frcquent- ROS.I emphasized it will not be a "policy announcement" but. will consist of some word as to and when Mr. Truman will state his views. Asked whether the President a foreign policy speech, Rons said: "There will be no further an- nouncement In that respect until after ho talks with congressional lenders Monday morning." To a question whether the Presi- dent would send a message to Congress, another whether he would address a joint session, or whether[ position would be made known! :r> a formal statement. Ross dined to say. Republican Caribbean Trip Canceled also declined to elaborate the crisis brought about by Greek appeals for financial assist- ance to bolster her economy. This thf? President to cancel his [Republican a greater voice in shaping policy. Outlining the questions to be dis- cussed, Taft said that as soon as the Senate labor committee com- pletes Its hearings, he will ask for a! conference on labor disputes legis-' la tlon. Later there will be a conference General Clark. tions which regularly overpay their! of the same The Justice department, last ing the "danger" of a walkout exists, said it would bo in "the public in- terest" for the court to issue its edict without waiting the customary 25 days. Meanwhile Secretary of the In- torior Krug said the government will make no attempt to bring Lewis and j the soft coal .operators together for contract negotiations "until Lewis has complied with the decision." Strike Dancer Lessened v Asked by a radio Interviewer 'last night whether the' court's decision has lessened the threat of another coal strike, Krug replied: "Yes, tem- k high court's mandate requires Lewis to withdraw his notice end- He said cutting the interest on) Lako N- Y. The next move toward placing the tax refunds from six to three explosive Palestine problem In the hands of the United Nations cent would effect a real appeared today to be up to the British government, mainly jit the The United States U.N. delegation declared last night that it could not agree to any immediate U.N. procedure for handling the knotty Holy Land question until it is presented to the United Nations in some "concrete" form. Most U. N. sources said they be- lieved Britain would waste no time names of big companies ou the re- fund last year, after Gore commented. "They can't get six per cent interest anywhere else, al- though I'm not saying they deliber- ately Asks Gore's proposal would not change La Guardia Asks Congress to Aid Merger of Unions By Max Hall New York The liner John Treaty May Be Welcomed By France Bevin First of Visiting Leaders to Reach Moscow By Daniel DC Luce Berlin Secretary of State Marshall indicated today the United States hopes for a four- power security pact as an interim solution of the German problem pending the writing of an actual pence tre.ity. Marshall, preparing to depart to- morrow for the foreign ministers' conference in Moscow, which will take up the Austrian and German situations, said completion of a four-power pact was of the highest importance. He left the impression that such a pact was the major S. objective at Moscow. Marshall told American corres- pondents that such a security pact; for a 40-year period would clear away many difficulties now block- ing Allied peace settlements for Germany and Austria.. j Major Objective I He said United States proposals for that sort of treaty, first made by his predecessor, James F. Byrnes, last year, were a declaration to the world of continuing TJ. S. willing- ness to accept responsibility to European affairs. Marshall hinted that the security pact was the major objective of the United States delegation to the Ericsson, swept by a foreign ministers' confer- lay crippled at her cncc to which he now is en route. pier today while 435 passengers! Sonle u- s- officials expressed sougth other means of passage to belief such a pact would be wel- make it possible for House G.O.P, leaders to achieve their goal of an over-all burget out without abolishing every other fed- eral agency except the army, the Secretary General Trygve Lie. They said Britain might possibly ask that issue be submitted to the gen- l assembly with a recommenda- tion that a commission of inquiry into an "American Congress of La- be established now to study the case. in officially filing the case with i5h ijner Queen Elizabeth, berthed the statutory requirement that sixj H. La per cent interest :must be Guardla today urged Congress to! taxes not paid on tiroB.; use its "influence "to achieve the The Tennessean said the treas-1 mfrstf.. ioy.poBtofflee.Ull as it stands ing the union's contract with thc'novy nnd cnc veterans adminl'stra- 1 govornment as operator of the coal1 mines. When he ordered the min- ers back to work December 7, the tion. Including the tax fund item, the committee chopped until the end of this month. from the President's I budget estimates for the treasury V i MLJUKUb J.U1 bluuouiy Lewis will have five days to oo- ttnd from postofflce estl- scrve the mandate. Adding the1 usual 25-day delay by the Supreme court would run the court procedure reciprocal trade agreements program. the truce Senator Taft chairman of the Senate labor committee, said after Lewis' appearance as a com- mittee witness yesterday he thinks j the next coal strike will occur July mates. c, b TT t HiC XJCAU UUUt Will VUW LU O UJJf Senator Vandenberg of Michigan, 1_tho dftte wnen th government.s ic Senate s presiding officer and flnt.horitv ,ft tH the the chairman of its foreign relations committee, announced that he will lay Information on the.forelgn situ- ation before the G.O.P. membership oon. Taft told a reporter he doesn't whether there will be any policy on rent projected IC-day trip to the Carib- bean uren, which was to have start- ed today. authority to operate the mines runs out. Lewis' contention before the com- mittee that the government is act- ing as patrol" "muscle man" and "police for the coal operators brought the comment from Krus Bill Would Give Cities Half of New Liquor Tax By Cyril W. Plattes St. (A1) The cry of muni- cipalities for a share in state tax He recommended 'Creation of a I ;ommlttee of Con- igress members and of labor and indus- try to study this proposal, as well as pending legis- lation to change the labor laws. La Guardia, co- sponsor of the Norrls-La Guar- dia antl Injunc- tion act enacted in 1932, said In a statement prepar- La Guardia ed for the Senate labor commit- tee: To Close Hearings "Under our 'form of government, one .national parent body for labor would fit admirably and would re- villages borouehs and last night that the Krug-Lewls con-! the TJPF eallAn Per 8aUon Eisenhower's Dog Returning to U. S. Berlin General Elsenhow- er's little Scotch terrier, Tclek, which followed the Allied command- er on the road from England to It was understood that otherjGermnny durmg the war, Is on his concerning eastern Mcdl- tn QU f'Tranean countries, including Turkey, probably would enter the discussions Monday. The confer- ence will be the second held since f l Britain Informed the United sidles that she would have to ceas aid to the Greek govern merit. Iti both congressional and dlplo mailr quarters, It was expected tlm Mr. Truman will ii.sk Congrcwi fo iiuihority iinel moliey lo nhouldc itir lion's .stmrr-'-nml perhaps eve more of Drllulti'.s burden In Grccc (Continued on I'uer 7. Column 1. TltUMAN Mother and Four Children Perish in Georgia Fire mother nnc of her five- children burned to death today In n nt their horn the Morgan Mill's village. Th child, (i girl, was scrlousl; burned. The lire wnw reported to have turtrd trcim an explosion causec the mother. Mrs. Buford Mul- Ifi. used oil to start a fire in a Basic Commodity Prices at Peak NFW York Associated Press composite- of 30 basle com- MKKUUes reiichtcl a new pt-ak for the sixth conM'cutlvu Prldny on March ni'.03, compared with a a-wk earlier and a year ago. Food, grains and cotton, and non ferrous mrtuls rose sharply to new ]M7 highs. Textiles advunccd and iHCiuMrlal.s were unchanged. Live- stock wns the only component show- jnc a decline from the previous Bri- wny to America. Telek took off from Berlin today in an American overseas airlines plane In custody of the pilot. He l.i destined to go to California and Captain Ray Summcrsby, General Elsenhower's former secretary, to whom the general gave the dog when ho left Europe. I the mine workers. Lewis Statement Denied Krug signed the contract with Lewis last May 20 which ended the spring coal strike. The mine owners quickly took ex- ception to Lewis' statement yester- day that they arc making big profits under government control. John D. Battle, executive secre- tary of the National Coal associa- tion. Issued a statement saying that profits during the first nine months last year, before federal taxes, aver- aged less than 15 cents a ton. Lewis told the Senate committee It was 40 cents a ton. He said the operators made in profits last year. Support from scattered sections of the house threatened to upset a portion of the budget recommended! by Governor Luther Youngdahl, former New York mayor tes- tified as the Senate committee made ready to close six weeks- of hearings on bills to revamp the labor laws. Answer Awaited The Idea for a commission was put forward earlier this week by Lie but he could not get any speci- fic answer on it from the majority of the Big Five powers. The U. S. delegation was under- stood to be opposed to such a com- mission, but before the Idea is dis- cussed delegates want Britain for- mally to place the issue before the United Nations, Paris el Kliourly, chief spokes- man here for the Arab slates a member of the security council, informed Lie yesterday that he was opposed to a commission of inquiry.! The Syrian delegate said he sup-! corned by Prance and might serve to allay her traditional fear of German aggression. Marshall said French President Auriol and Premier Raznadicr had given him at first hand their views on numerous questions puzzling Eu- rope and confronting the foreign ministers at Moscow. Studies German Situation He said he also had studied German situation here with the highest American military govern- ment officials and had arranged The pier was only a block talk with General Mark W. from the scene of the disastrous! Clark, who served ns his deputy blaze that left the liner Normaodielin drafting Austrian peace condi- a charred hulk five years ago. their European destinations. The fire, which blazed for nearly four hours yesterday afternoon, swept through the superstructure between the bridge and the two stacks of the U. S. Lines vessel, engulfing the officers' quar- ters and badly damaging the prom- enade deck. The fire did not harm the Brit- at the other side of the same pier, but sailing of the giant vessel was delayed for more than one hour. Price of Houses To Drop, Value Of Lots to Rise The National Association of Rcn.1 Estate Boards predicted today home sales will drop both in volume and in price 13 a majority of cities this year. But an association report cover- ing u survey bad news, e-sceker; last month. Cloudy weather forced Marshall'! plane to make an instrument land- ing in Berlin yesterday, and !certainty existed as to when sky conditions would permit the take- off for Moscow. The secretary of state scheduled conferences last iiisht and today with General Joseph T. McNarney. retiring U. S. military governor for Germany; Lieutenant General Lucius D. Clay, named to succeed McNarney. nnd Robert D. Murphy, the military government's political advisor. He was to get a fill-in on the control council disagreements over _ ported the view of the U. S. First, higher prices for residentialja report to the_foreiBn ministers, gation that the British should are foreseen in 46 per sent the case with a definite prop- Of the cities, lower prices in only osition for the United Nations to seven per cent. iMoscow for Pal-ley act upon. Three Steps Urged Second, a trend to higher real Moscow Foreign Secretary estate taxes is reported in. 83 per Ernest Bevln of Britain arrived Khoury suggested three possible !Cent of the cities. Two per cent steps for Britain to take: 1. Declare Palestine- independent .mmedlately and notify the 0nited Nations of the move as the British did in regard to Trans-Jordan. 2. Continue the mandate over nf To tlonal state revenue an- nually. Representatives E. J. Windmlller Fergus Falls, and Carl D'Aquila Hlbbing, are among leaders of the movement for a 50-50 split of the liquor tax revenues. They not only would give cities and villages n portion, but boroughs and town- ships as well. He listed examples of the revenue that would accrue to scattered cities every Aus- tin Rochester Farl- baull; and St. Cloud The three large cities, by reason of their population, would cash in to the tune of Minneapolis 204; St. Paul and Duluth i GUIS w icvumjj tue lauui and present it to the trus- La Guardia suggested that theiteeshlp 3. Resign the which would automatically throw the country to the United Nations for the security council 1. Transportation, including railroad, water, air and land workers. 2. Mining, taking in coal, all minerals and oil. 3. Professional and entertain- ment workers, 4. All other skills and trades. supervision. Meanwhile, appeared ready to accept the U. S. proposal to place the Japanese- mandated islands in the Pacific un- der a "strategic trusteeship to be admitted by the United States. Delegates will renew their discus predict lower taxes. Prices on houses "are expected to be lower as the year progresses in S3 per cent of the reporting the report said. It added: "Only 11 per cent of the cities believe that prices will continue to rise. Not one of .the largest cities with a population of more than looks for higher prices, nnd only three per cent of the cities with a population of 000 or more anticipate such a rise." La Guardla coupled his merger Oj (ho Paoinc isJtmds trustee recommendation with a plea- problem" next Wednesday. An Congress avoid "hasty" action on.otncr meetine scheduled for Mon labor legislation. Both matters, on international control o sftid, should be studied by his pro- atomic energy, posed special committee, which would report not later than next October. Despite the lengthy hearings, many members of Congress were still undecided today about major j proposals for labor legislation. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Increasing cloudiness tonight, mostly cloudy Sunday. Little change In tempera- Athens An unconfirmed ture. Low tonight 24; high Sunday Greek Guerrilla Chief Reported Killed in Action 1 press dispatch said today that the i self-styled leader of the anti-gov- jernment guerrilla forces in Greece, 'identified only as "Captain had been killed in action. Only a week ago, the United Na- tions Balkan investigating commis- sion now sitting at Salonika estab- lished field teams to visit various parts of northern Greece in an ef- fort to find Markos. The commis- sion is investigating Greek com- plaints that guerrilla forces in Greece received aid from Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Four Persons Were slightly injured when the freight car at left came tearing Into the home at Holt. occupied by Fred Welsh and his three children. The accident happened when three cars of a Michigan Central railroad freight train crashed over an abut- ment, crossed a yard and smashed into the home. (A.P. Wirephoto.) 38 to 40. Minnesota: Mostly tonight and Sunday, with occasional light Fourth Person Dead in Fire Near Clements Clements, Minn. A fourth member of the John Senger. family died late Friday of burns suffered Thursday when fire destroyed their farm home near Clements. The other three perished' in the blaze. Latest victim was. Otto Senger, 18, who escaped from the flaming building by breaking a window. UL1U i ffi j. local snows. Little change in tern- Otto suferec: severe cuts on his pernture. Wisconsin: Considerable cloudi- ness tonight and Sunday, a few snow flurries In northwest portion wrist, but doctors at a Springfield hospital where he wns taken, said death was caused by burns. The youth's 53-year-old mother change in two sisters, Mary M.and Mar- Ten Italians Killed When Car Hits Mine Rome Ten Italians were killed today when their automobile was blown over a. cliff after hitting a mine left in the road following the war, the newspaper Espresso re- ported. The automobile was trav- eling from Rome to Artena, ture. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 38; minimum, 17; noon, 33; precipitation, trace of snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomor- row at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pet. 51 70 Los Angeles........ 63 Miami 76 Mpls.-St. Paul...... 37 New Orleans 57 41 New York 40 28 Washington........44 31 24 trace .67 garet 12, died in the flames. The father was attending church in Clements when the fire started. Old La Crosse Airport to Be Armory Site La Crosse, VVis. W) The La Crosse city council last night desig- nated the old Salzcr airport prop- erty as the site for a naval reserve, armory to be built here by Langer Questions Canadian Ties of New Ambassador Washington Senator Lan gr.r (R.-N. D.> criticized the Serial' yesterday for confirming the nomi nation of Lewis W. Douglas as nnv bnssndor to Great Britain bu Senator McFarland (D. Ariz. strongly upheld the appointee. Noting thnt he wns absent las week when the Senate acted, Langer told his colleagues that some people are wondering about Douglas' Can- adian connections. He7 said Doug- ns1 father wns a Canadian citizen nnd British subject. "There nre some in this countrj who wonder if Douglas is mi Canadian than American or wheth- er he will be another Walter H. 'age, more British than .anger declared. McFarlnnd replied immediately .hat Douglas has a long record of listinguished service to the United States, Including his tenure as director of the budget after he vas a member of the House. "Regardless of what you think f his views you cannot challenge Lewis Douglas as a loyal American the Arizona senator dc- larcd. the government. -ieutenant Dismissed or Entertaining Crew- naval court mar- al has ordered Lieutenant John Vardle dismissed from his com- land for prejudicing naval disci- at the white Russian railroad sta- tion about noon today, first of the visiting foreign ministers to reach the Soviet capital for Monday's Four" session. "We shall spend th'e days ahead in trying to make some peace which will prevent any future aggression and let the whole world live in Bevin said on his arrival for meetings at which the foreign ministers will work on peace trea- ties for Germany and Austria. He .spoke into n, microphone rec- ording a message to the people of Moscow, which began: "I am very glad to be back in. Moscow again and bring you greet- ings from the British people to the people of Russia." Others Awaited Expected late today or tomorrow wjis Foreign Minister Georges Bl- dnult of France, also coming by rail. Secretary of State George C. Mnrshnll. who flew from the United States, wns not expected to nrrlvo before tomorrow at the earliest. Bevin was reported held up some hours at Brest-Lltovsk. Train travelers had to change there from western standard-gauge to Russian broad-gauge cars. Hundreds of Russians yesterday cleared Moscow streets of snow Ice in sunny weather, and others wprkcd itl painting, cleari- ng and otherwise refurbishing the aviation industry building, where the ministers will meet; the rail- road station awaiting their arrival, and Metropole and Moskva hotels, where diplomats and foreign cor- respondents will stay. No word leaked out us to what preliminary diplomatic work might e going on in the Kremlin, cenfer if the Russian government, and he foreign office. Russians See U. S. Aims on Iceland Moscow The Soviet navy 'ewspapcr Red Fleet said today the uggestion of Representative Ber- rand W. Gearhwt CR.-Calif.) thai celand be made the 49th of the Jnitcd States reflected "certain def- nite intentions of certain circles in line. He was convicted of United Suites to secure some aining his mineswceping crew of .kind of strategic position in non- five at Christmas luncheon at sea.JAmerican territories."