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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EITHER Fulr with 111 tonlzM) -r BOYSCOUTWEEK Soys Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 46, NO. 301 W1NONA. MINNESOTA, MONDAY 10, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWELVE PAGES Public Buses for Parochial Use Upheld By Coal Edict Shortage Perils Status of Labor Cabinet Jiy Robert Hewett London Half of all British industry closed down today because of a shortage coal from the so- cialized mines. Four million work- ers became Idle, many going back on the dole, as electric service drastically reduced. Prime Minister Attlee prepared to face Commons during the after- noon and be questioned there by Winston Churchill, leader of the Conservative opposition. Attlee scheduled a radio broadcast tonight to plead for cooperation. The prime minister and his cabinet met nt his unllghtcd Downing street residence. The Labor government, which converted the coal mines from pri- vate to state ownership January 1, called the coal conservation meas- ures necessary to avert "complete disaster.'.' The crisis depressed shares on the stock exchange, where some brokers spoke of an "Industrial 'Warmer Slightly higher temperatures cas- ed momentarily one of the most se- vere cold waves of the winter, but the forecast was for colder. Most Industries and householders appeared to bo obeying the gov- ernment directive to throw switches voluntarily on lines where demands for essential services prevented a complete shutdown at tho source of supply. All Industries except a few vital to health and welfare were ordered TO halt totaly or in part in 38 ol the 64 counties of England and Wales. Consumers wero forbidden to use electricity between 0 n. m. nnd noon and from 2 p. m, to 4 p m. In homes, iitores, offices nnd restaurants, affecting an estimated 22.000.000 people. Conservative newspapers demand- ed Attlee shake up his Labor cabi- net, which commands a two to one vote in Parliament, The Manchcs 81 Bodies Taken From Berlin Dance Hall Ruins Peacetime Draft Plan Not Yet Dead Roosevelt's Son Christened Popularity of Marshall Keeps Issue Alive ter Guardian nnd London's Daily Mail and Daily Telegraph demand- ed Emnnuel Shlnwcll resign as min- ister of fuel and power. Confusion and chaotic conditions prevailed in many areas. Nearly everywhere, electric current use was cut sharply. The London Power Company said It was supplying about half its nor- mal load. In tho great Industrial center of Birmingham, factories and the city's people were put on their honor and electric cur- rent usage dropped about 75 per cent. Tho Birmingham transport system was snarled by workers re- turning home. The Shropshire, Worcestershire Staffordshire Electric Power Com- pany, supplying square miles, i-.ald Its demand was less than half of normal. Tower Shut Off Tho town of Dartford in Kent rtld not respond to tho conservation iippcnl, officials said, and all Us po'A'rr was cut oil Immediately. The gloom of darkened homes find shadowy streets was thickened by a heavy fog In London, Birming- ham rind many other cities. Thousand.-, upon thousands Rubble In foreground la all that remains of Karlslust dance hall in Spandau section of the British zone of Berlin following flash fire Saturday night. (A.P. Wircphoto to The Republican-Herald.) Berlin Rescuers, working in near-zero temperatures, today had recovered 81 bodies from the ruins of the Karlslust dance hall, razed by firo at the height of a Saturday night costume ball. An- other 30 persons were in hospitals. Captain Frank Waltcn, British firo chief, said he did not cxpcc the death toll to climb mud Dismissal of Portal Pay Ruling Starts Case Back to Supreme Court Detroit .With the blessings ol Federal District Judge Frank A. Picard, the multi-billion dollar, portal pay dispute ap- peared destined today to return to Congress and the Supreme Dulles Warns Reds Challenge U. S. Policies Traditional Unite. Statca foreign policies face "a ser ious challenge from the Soviet un John Foster Dulles, authority of International affairs, said today but ho adde'd "there Is no reason whatever to assume that the Sovic challenge makes war inevitable." In an address prepared for deliv- ery to the Inland Daliy Press asso- ciation, Dulles, of New York, said "There is risk that we may- pro- voke war by a retreat which wouk cnu.su Soviet leaders to push on recklessly." "The greatest danger of war Is from possible Soviet workers thrown out of Jobs swamp- ho ntutcd. "Political leaders who dynamic and who have had (treat Initial successes often become over- confident. I bellevo that Soviet dyrmmlnm will keep within tolerable bouwl.'i; but that will bo because it comes up against something that is vigorous, not because It encounter.-) mu.Hhlnc.iH." Ke outlined a six-point program which ho said would have as its objective "the strengthening of our herltugo of American ideals to the point whcro ideals commonly shar- ed, and not deals secretly arrived at, might bo the cornerstone of Ameri- can foreign policy." court for final Labor attorneys planned to carry Judge Plcard's decision dis- missing the Mt. Clemens Pottery Company case to the nation's highest court and maintained It would have little 'or no benrine on hundreds of other portal suits on of <-cl labor exchanges to register fi :hr dole. Many other thousant will rlruw tJii-lr WMKC.I Friday lit cl'-r Ktmrunti'ccl IM-honr week plat Mx-ci.'lccl In fuitiii! labor HKn-Tmeiit Si-M-Cfi of thuiiKandfi In tho Ilir miiixhnm arm were notified till. would not be entitled to guarantee payment..1; If the shutdown.1! cot tinned next week. 'T'tie ministry of fui'l and powi ;ws users of flcclrlclly "on the. iitmor" to obr.ervo tho embargo un til the crisis was Mln IMcr Shlnwcll said It would las "three or four days, possibly Shlnwcll told tho House of Com mon.H Friday that month-long col wuve had catlni: fust Into th nutlun's already ncsnuy coal pile Kiid the shutdown was impcratlv !o avoid outright (ll.-.antcr. A r.urklen thiiw Unit melted snow rtrifis in southern England movec jinrihwnnj and giivn hopi mine1 product tori would In- rranr and railroads and uhlpn cotilc ii'Mime normal movements of coal lint sotnfi informed circles said tha thr fuel ministry wii.i preparing for ux much as two weeks of power rr.Uricllons. Furlough Rates to Be Canceled The War de- partment announced today it has Informed that till rail and bus lines are canceling special fur- lough rut PS for .service personnel cflfctlvc Friday. February 28. On January 30, the carriers with- drew the reduced rates on rail and bus lines operating cast of MIs- M.-wsippi river. Today's action ex- tends the cancellation to the rc- of country. Furlough fare tickets purchased nrior to March 1 will he good for suse at furlough rates between points nnd within tho time shown on tho tickets. file in other districts. Spokesmen for American indus- try, from which some is sought in portal claims, general- ly commended the ruling. Many By Edwin B. Haakinson. Washington Congressiona leaders showed new reluctance to- day to write off universal train- Ing as a dead issue. While every sign still points to the toughest kind of fight ahead top men on both sides of Capito' hill. indicated privately that the outlook may change. They cite two factors: First, the tremendous personal popularity in Congress of Secretary of State Marshall, and, second, possible in- ternational developments not now foreseen. Marshall in his first news con- ference as a. cabinet officer last week listed uni- v e r s a 1 training as a requirement If this' country is to have any real and positive mili- ;ary power to back up its foreign policy.. On the surface h i s declaration made no deep mprcssion'on ;hose who have been outspoken against any plan" or peacetime con- icriptlon. A sample check Chan Gorney of six South Dakota hree from each major losed only one. Chairman Gurney of the armed services higher. A check of British rosters showec seven soldiers missing, the British provost marshall's office snid. Fou British soldiers were hospitalizei with burns. Meanwhile German authoritie were attempting to identify th bodies. Only three of the fll sc far have been identified, they said Various causes were advanced fo: the to the 'dis- astrous Cocoanut Grove blaze in Boston four years ago, which caused 440 deaths. A .British fire felt, however, the revision of the control officer blamed overheated fair labor standards (wage-hour) i stoves, Avhlle a German civilian act still was "urgent." As for Picard himself, he ha expressed on numerous occasions wish that the case would be ap pcnled once again so the Suprem court, which injected the portal to-portal theory Jn the original dls. pute over alleged unpaid ovcrtlm Picard, resting at his Snginaw Mich., homo after working day an night on the decision handed dow Saturday, reiterated that desire to day. Ho also said ho wanted to "se straight" som'c persons who ha 'misinterpreted" what ho termc .he "meat" of his ruling. This concerned his interprctatio of the "clc mlnlmis" doctrine. The Judge emphasized he did no rule that nny time spent wulkin or In other work preliminaries u o "20 or 25 minutes" was "d' nlnlmls" or too trifling to be con- pcnsable. Previous to hlw decision, he said he Supremo court and the Wage- lour administration always had uled such time "do minimls." In he Mount Clemens case, he added he walking-time going to work- he only "portal" time recognized iy the Supremo never more than eight minutes. Government attorneys had an- .ouneed intentions of appealing the ase regardless of Plcard's ruling. Pencil Nearly Writes Finis familiar with the structure, said a short circuit caused the lire. The German recalled that the flames Ilrst broke out In the ceiling anc the lights went out immediately. Eyewitnesses told ,a macabre scene with milling crowds trying to force their way out of the flam- ing ballroom, and hopelessly jam- ming the exits, of others who need- lessly sacrificed their Jives by re- turning to look for their coats. "It was the most terrible thing I've ever said Reginald Pres- ton, a British soldier who was near the main exit when the blaze broke out. "Several women who fell were trampled to death. Others who .vcre standing there were naked be- cause their clothes were torn off ,n tho scramble." Within a few minutes a British fire brlKadc arrived, followed by Gorman firo trucks, bul; their combined efforts wore not enough ;o check the flames. ommlttee, squarely behind the universal training plan. An earlier check, among the House armed services committee in- dicated similar strong opposition o any compulsory peacetime train- ing. But leaders who a few weeks ago ended to dismiss the idea as lacking any real chance plainly are adopting n. "let's wait and'see" atti- tude. Subjects Being- Studied A civilian commission currently 'is Beverly Hills, a gown his illustrious grand- father wore at the same ceremony in 1SS2, Michael Anthony lloosc- vclt was christened Sunday at the Catbolic Church or the Good Shepherd. Michael Anthony is the two-month-old son of James Roosevelt, eldest son of the late President, and Romcllc Schneider, former Independence, WJs., K'r'- Shown above, Monsignor John Concannon (left) is christening the baby. The godparents are Mr, and Mrs. J. J. Hcgarty of New York Colonel Roosevelt is at the rear and Mrs. Roosevelt at right. Wircphoto to The Rc- publican-Hcr.-iId.) Cold Follows Snow And Sleet in Florida Chicago The severest cold wave in many years followed i unfamiliar snow and sleet in Florida's winter playgrounds today csta'biisiimcnt.'' as the northern segment of the nation's most recent blizzard! whistled off into eastern Canada and out to sea. U.S. Supreme Court Makes 5-4 Decision 'Clean Polities' Law Backed in Other Decision Washington The Supreme court, splitting five to four, ruled today that public school funds, raised by taxation, may be used to 3ay for transportation of children to Catholic parochial schools. The division, in a Now Jersey cose, come over the question of what t takes to constitute "establishment of rclifrion" which is forbidden by the constitution. Trie majority ruled that the New- Jersey law is social or public benc- "it legislation, and that no person. may be excluded from the bcnc- its of such legislation by reason ot ils religion. It held that the bene- it to the church was incidental. Tlic dissenters hold that the pay- ment contravenes the prohibition in he first amendment to the con- titutlon. against taxation of a itizcn for tho support of beliefs o which he is opposed. 73-Pauc Report The voluminous opinions in the a.se nilcd "3 printed pages. Justice Black delivered the court's majority opinion. Justice Rutlcdge dissented in strong terms, with the concurrence of Justices Frankfurter, Jaclcson and Burton. Jackson also wrote a special dissent in which. Frankfurter joined. The decision was given on an ap- peal filed by a New Jersey tax- i payer who protested that such use He oa contended this The Chicago Weather bureau said the Jacksonville, Fla., re- ported an early morning low of 27 degrees, while Orlando had 32 and Miami 44. Light frost was probable lor the entire state, except Miami, which appeared to be protected somewhat by clouds, the forecasts said. Sleet In Florida Sleet was reported at Orlando and Daytona Beach yesterday and snow was reported to have, fallen near Ocala and at Sa'nford. For the studying the whole subject time within a week all pub- President Truman. No legislative jlie and parochial schools in Dadc request will be made until it sub mits its report, probably in April. Senator Elbert Thomas (D.-Utah) former chairman of the Senate military committee, said he desire no quarrel with Marshall but is op posed' to any compulsory training for youths. Another Democrat, Senator Ed- win C. Johnson said mili- tary training is the "only poin1 upon which I dif- fer" with Mar- shall. Senators Taylor Rever- comb (R.-W. Va.) and Young (R.- N. suggested In separate inter- views that some plan might be de- veloped under which military training could be combined with county (Miami) were ordered closed because of the lack of heating facilities. Although temperatures were climbing back to normal in most of the Middle West, some gas serv- ice companies appealed to users toj conserve stocks of the fuel, drained by the cold wave. The Milwaukee Gas Light Com- pany notified industrial consumers, Including hotels and restaurants, to reduce the use of the fuel to an absolute minimum. The company's supply of liquified petroleum gas and oil has dropped to the "danger it said, because of the rail- road's inability to complete ship- ments into the city which still is digging out of a snowstorm ten. days ago. Eifrht-Foot Drifts The Manufacturers Light
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