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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 16, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER fair. Full Leaaed Wire News Report of The Associated Press WJNONA, MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING. JANUARY 16, 1947 PROTECT YOUR FUTURE Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations U.S. SAVINGS BONDS 'OLUME 46. NO. 280 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Talmadge Seizes Office, Bars Arnall Commission Suggests 2% State Sales Tax Asks Repeal Of Personal Property Levy Minnesota Revenu Structure Termed a 'Hodge-Podge' St. Paul The Minnesota Resources commLislon In a forma report to Governor Luther Young dahl today recommended nbolltlo or all personal property taxes an enactment or a two per cent rctai sales tax to Improve the state's "tai climate." The recommendations grew ou of a tax study conducted by th Twin Cities Research Bureau Inc at the request of the resources com "The present tax structure of th state cl Minnesota Is n verltsbl hodRe-podKe of expediency and In consistencies." James Ford Bell, resources commission chair mnn. In n letter transmitting thi report to the "It grown up over the years piece by piece, to meet varying sit- uations and necessity (some of pure- ly temporary without adherence to any definite plan or pattern, until today, In the opinion of your commission, it stands as menace to the future welfare, pros- perity, and wealth of Minnesota. It places our state, under handicaps ai compared with tho products anc services of other states against whom we must compete." Lawnon Out BeM. chairman of tho board ol General Mills Inc., said the report was approved by all members ol the commission, except George Law- son, secretary of the Minnesota State Federation of Labor. All members, who were named by former Governor Edward J. Thye, hnve submitted their resignations to enable Governor Youngdahl to make own selections. Governor YounRdahl Is on record as opposed to a sales tax. The re-port estimated that the two per cent soles tax would yield about S30.000.000 a year, approximately S12.000.000 more than would be lost through elimination of per- sonal property taxes. It proposed that the state retain five per cent to replace its present share of the personal property tax revenues and distribute tho remain- ing 95 per cent to local governments. The report suggested that 47% per i cent of the net yield be distributed on the basis of population and the Senior High Girls Missing Since Tuesday Sought by Police Naney Greer 'rospects Fading ?or Straight 20% ncome Tax Cut are adlng in Congress for the Republi- an bill to cut most income taxes a tralght 20 per cent. But tax cutting in different port called for enactment of a two per cent tax to prevent out of state retailers from having an un- due advantage over Minnesota re- tailers. low Income groups the Iggest more likely i pass. This is indicated todayby rmul poll of the House ways and cuns committee, which writes all x bills. Meanwhile, Representative Grant J.-Ind.) prepared for introduction hortly after noon a xmsored measure to continue war- me excise tax rates indefinitely on uch things as liquor, furs, jewel- luggage and lipstick. Chairman Knutson CR.-Mlnn.) Id the ways and means commit- o may approve this measure holding tight to some in tax revenue its first meeting tomorrow. In the survey of ways and means members, at least three Republicans said privately they now prefer a graduated Income tax reduction. Their Idea Is that those in brackets should get greater relief proportionately than persons with large Incomes. With indications that the ten committee Democrats will stand sol- Icily against a straight slash, the A search Is being mads for two Winona high school girls who have been missing since Tuesday eve- ning. They are Virginia 'Anderson, daughter of Mrs. Lulu Anderson, 609 Center street, and Nancy Qreer, daughter of Mrs. Edna Qreer, 254 West Wabasha street, both. 10-year- olds and juniors at Winona Senior High school. They have not been seen since a basketball game be- tween the Winona school and La Crosse Central High school at La Crosse Tuesday. The girls went to the game on a school bus but did not return. How- ever, Mrs. Greer has learned that tho two talked to other Winona stu- dents at the game and at that time had planned to return bn the bus. Occasionally, Mrs. Oreer said, Nancy has stayed In 'La Crosse all night but has always telephoned her mother to let her know of her plans. Persons who talked to the girls throughout the evening or saw them the latter part of the evening have been asked to contact Winona police. Mrs. Oreer, aided by La Crosse authorities, searched for the girls there yesterday. r Among persons; contacted was a friend of Nancy's, who said he had not seen the girl since the game. Neither Mr a. Anderson nor Mrs. Greer said they knew of any reason why the girls would leave home. Virginia Record Food Output for 1947 Sought Less Wheat, More Flaxseed and Pigs Recommended Washington Secretary of Agriculture Clinton Anderson today Issued final 1947 farm production goals perhaps the last time In several years to for another year of record output of food and other products. Anderson recommended planting of acres, which is more than was seeded last year and about more than the prewar average. He asked also for a continued high level of pro- duction of livestock and livestock products. Announcement of the goals came a week after President Truman cau- tioned In messages to Congress that a possible shrinkage of foreign mar- kets and' agriculture's increasing efficiency may join. to create new price-depressing farm surpluses. Anderson's final goals call for a few changes from tentative figures referred to state agricultural coun- cils a few months ago for suggested revisions. Cat In Whest Asked The most significant change Is reduction of acres in wheat seeding to encourage use of this land In production of more flax- seed, sorely needed for Unseed oil Divorce Given Vet Here Whose Wife Wed 2 Weeks After He Was Reported Missing A Winona World War n veteran there. Tho husband, who is 38 years whose wife married 'another vet- eran two weeks after he became listed as missing in action during the Battle of the Bulge in Decem- ber, 1944, was granted a divorce in "district court here today in an un- contested action. The case, brought on the grounds of cruelty, was heard by Judge Karl Finkelnburg. The man, Phillip Waletske, Wi- nona, informed the court that his wife, Rose Mae Waletske, 33, had been sentenced in United States district court at St. faul, December 23, on charges of illegally receiving family allotments from two soldiers. .Testimony during the hearing to- day brought out a tangled, not too unusual case of a wartime marriage that "didn't take.' Although .the couple has no children from their marriage. Mrs. Waletske has two by a former marriage. Taken Prisoner The plaintiff, who testified on his own behalf, revealed that the couple was married at Phoenix City, September 16, 1943, while he was stationed in an army camp near old, said he went overseas a shor while after the marriage and In the Battle of the Bulge in Belgium, was taken prisoner by tho Germans. The War department notlflec Mrs. Waletske that her husbanc was missing, the plaintiff said he had learned, and about two weeks after receiving the notification she remarried. About three weeks after his wife remarried Waletske said he learn- ed his wife was informed that he was alive but a prisoner. Waletske said following his re- lease from prison he returned to the United States and was later discharged. He said he and his wife then resumed martial relations as husband and wife. He declared his wife subsequently Informed him of the later marriage and treated him cruelly by telling him she had lost her love for him. When Waletske was discharged his wife was no longer living with her most recent husband. Questioned By AfenU Sometime after he and his wife resumed living together, Waletske ,ald agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation came to the Walet- ske residence and questioned his wife. A short while later he said his wife was, arrested and taken to St. Paid, Federal authorities said Mrs. Wa- letke appeared in U. S. district court at St. Paul November 10. 1946, and pleaded guilty to three counts charging her with receiving family allotment checks from two soldiers. She was later sentenced to serve three ten-month sentences in ft prison for women, but as the sen- tences were ordered to be served concurrently, she will serve only ten months. In testifying before the U. S, court, Mrs. Waletske declared she had married a Lloyd E. Zollman and lived with him at Columbus, Qa. She asserted she received none of the money from the allotment checks Issued to her in connection with this marriage, but declared that Zollman made her sign the checks over to him. After hearing the testimony of Waletske and his only witness, Law- rence Babotta, Winona, Judge Finkelnburg ordered a judgment entered In favor of the plaintiff. for paints, varnishes and other in- dustrial products. With a record winter wheat crop already in pros- pect, Anderson said some shifts from spring wheat to flax could be son with ilx states, based on 1942 figures, Minnesota had the next to the highest tax collections per capita for Its state and local governments, tho highest cost of op- eration per capita, the highest net lone term debt per capita, the lowest Income per capita, and Im- posed the hlRhest state Income taxes both upon business and upon its owners. States used In the com- parison are Iowa, Missouri, Wiscon- sin. Illinois, Indiana nncl Ohio. In colling for tax revision, start- Ine with the personal property tax give tho anti-20 per cent group a majority on the 28-member com- mittee. That would defeat the bill, authored, by Knutson. Joe Tinker's Leg Amputated Orlando, Pte. Orange Me- morial hospital authorities this morning described the condition of Joe Tinker, former Chicago Cub shortstop, as "very good" following abolition and sales tax enactment, Inn operation to amputate his left Virginia has blond hair and blue eyes and is nve feat, four Inches tall. She weighs about 110 pounds. Bare- headed, she was wearing bobby sax, moccasins and a light blue three-quarter-length coat when she left home. Nancy, Mrs. Greer mid, has near- ly black hair with a front bang bleached blond. She is five feet, two inches tall and weighs 108 pounds. She was wearing a blue-grey full length coat, bobby BOX, moccasins, a white sweater' and a green skirt. Merchant May Refund Tax Cut Washington The Internal Revenue bureau said today a mer- chant he to a purchaser an amount equal to part or all of the 30 per cent fed- eral excise tax on furs, jewelry, sil- verware and cosmetics. However, the bureau emphasized, the merchant Is forbidden to ad- vertise or tell a customer orally that he will pay the tax itself, re- fund it or absorb it. To do so is a violation of revenue laws and sub- made safely. Other changes Included reduc- tions of In corn and the commission said It was con- cerned about: "The continuing decline and de- crease of our individual wealth from 30 per cent above to 20 per cent! below" tho national average. "The development of new and cheap sources of iron ore In other purts or tho United States and in jorrlen countries, available to this rnuntry. and the probnblo decline In thr markctftblllfy of our remaining Minnesota ore." "The of mnrjtrt research and analysis for the agricultural and industrial product.1! o! ,'itnte, that they may bind In present or dc- vrloped forms wider distribution and CrcftU-r value." ju.it above the knee. ject to a penalty of a fine up to Any advertisement in this con- nection, the bureau said, must be limited simply to a statement that a refund will be made. Thus, the merchant' may grant the customer a reduction that would amount to as much as the tax; In barley, and an increase of acres for tame hay. Anderson said these relatively small reductions in acreages for corn and barley appeared desirable when recent 1940 crop summaries showed that the supply of feed grains per animal for the year would likely be the most liberal in hlatory. More Cotton Needed Compared with last year, one of the largest increases urged was for cotton. The goal was set at acres compared with last year. Because of war- time emphasis on production of food, supplies of cotton have dwin- dled to a relatively low level. Anderson recommended a 000-head pig crop as compared with (Contlaned on Page 10, Column 4) CROPS Youngdahl Names Austin, Hibbing Municipal Judges St. Governor Luther Youngdahl today appointed two municipal judges. He named Philip Richardson, a disabled veteran of World War n, as municipal Judge in Austin to succeed Judge Clifford Enger, who resigned January 6. Appointed to fill the unexpired term of Judge Christ Holm in Hlb- bing was N. 8. Chanak, Hlbblng at- torney. Holm was advanced to the district bench at the November election. 45-Hour Service to Forecast Manila Don KlnK, North- Airlines' vice-president lor the Congressional Record Should Be Best Seller, Senator Wiley Says to Chc by May 1 u arrived yesterday on a survey "_ King snkl Manila would be thcj whV? malccs wlley By Arthur Edion patient, yo 90 out of 100 U. S. citizens who never have seen a copy of the Con grcsslonal Record. If Senator Alexander Wiley (R. Wls.) has his way, the record wl' KO on sale at all the better news .stands, Wiley used a page and a half o the record yesterday to repeat an article he had prepared for th magazine Future. And In thl.i article ho said that A. Tho record is tho world's mos Important publication; but out of 100 have ever And chief overseas maintenance base 11 Jncllltl'es nre obtnlmible. Francis O. Jurvls, new U. 8, air attache for embassies at Nanking and Manila, said no agreement yet had been reachrtl with Russia for emergency use of Kurileg and Kam- chatka fields, which lie along NWA's proposed Aleutians-Tokyo course. King said Seoul, Korea, would bo stop on some flights at the re- quest of the 6. S. State department, Combustion Blamed for Sheboygan Fire Sheboyjan State Deputy Fin- Marshal Henry Dahlby Bald yesterday that spontaneous com- bustion apparently was the cause a S100.000 fire which swept the Sheboycan Iron it It has stuff that affects "every businessman, farmer, house- wife, veteran, wage earner." Because It mirrors "rhetoric, wit humor, pathos, strategy, and, yes boredom now nnd then." Right now, the rccorc) reachi only subscribers, mostly lib- polltlclans, friends of con- gressmen (who get it Yet If tho make-up of the staid record could bo jazzed up a bit, Wiley thinks it could hold its own on the newsstands. Wiley insisted that the record isn't as dry as dust, "It can frequently be touched with ho said. And he gave this sample, an ex- change he had with Senator Charles Tobcy (R.-N. H.) during a debate on Brctton Woods: "Mr. Tobcy. day. Company grounds last Sun- nounciation in The correct pro- 'Bretton' with a short 'e.' Will the senator please1 Senator Urges Changes in Army Courts-Martial By Richard P. Washington Young (B.-N. D.) said today Congress should revise the articles of war concerning courts-martial "to guar- antee army personnel the same basic legal rights which they would enjoy as civilians." He told a reporter he Is with- holding introduction of a bill desig- nated to make such changes until Secretary of War Patterson sends his recommendations to Congress. As an aid to Patterson in draw- Ing up his report, Young sent a letter to Under Secretary of War Royall listing the "most common complaints which I have received from hundreds of former officers and enlisted men who have written to me on this subject." Young said the principal criticism of the present courts-martial pro- cedure Included: "1. That there is a double standard of military for of- ficers and one for enlisted men. "2. That defendants are often represented by counsel unschooled in law and unable to safeguard ele- mentary legal rights. "3. That i courts-martial are not free to administer Justice impartial- ly because the officer-members of these boards are usually appointed by and answerable to their com- manding same com- manding officers who recommend or withhold promotions and who write efficiency reports. "4. That there is little consistency In sentences for the same in the various branches of the service, in different theaters of op- eration, or even among different commands in the same theater. "5: That military personnel, gen- erally denied the right of habeas corpus, are often confined for long periods without formal charges be- ing filed and that even after such charges are brought they may be held for additional weeks or months before coming to trial." Government Hails Cut in Fords By Sterling F. Green Washington Government officials today hailed the cut In Ford car prices as an "encouraging" start toward the general price reductions which President Truman baa asked of all In- dustry. Edwin Q. Nourse, chairman of the President's council of eco- nomic advisers, termed the Ford action a "crucial" contribution to sustained high production employment. High Court To Rule in Georgia Row Attorney General Files Petition WitK Superior Judge Atlanta Herman Tal- madge, In a predawn coup back- ed by National Guard and state highway patrolmen, seized Georgia's executive de- partment today and denied Ellis Arnall admission to either the governor's office or the official residence. Arnall arrived at the executive offices this morning to find Tal- madge in the chambers Arnall had occupied all day yesterday. Later when Amall went to the executive mansion for lunch, he was met by four state patrolmen. who blocked his entry, "This completes. It seems to me. the capture of the state government a> Tor as physical properties are Arnall told newsmen who accontpanled him to the man- sion. "It has been done by gradual military Infiltration, so that at the Nourse added to a reporter that "a number of business people" have notified him of their In principle" with the "agreement President's plea for lower prices as a means of keeping public purchasing power Schacht Indicted by German Court Stnttrart, Germany HJal- mar Schacht, Hitler's former fi- nancial was Indicted today German denazification authorl- Other By The Antedated Press New cracks in the cost-of-Ilv- tng price structured appeared across the nation today. Cotton, wheat, butter and some textiles were most vulner- able to the pressure of steadily Increasing supplies of essential commodities. Security prices joined In the although at a compara- tively slow rate. Inspired in part by talk of consumer resistance to some tex- tile prices, cotton at New York broke aronnd H a bale under heavy selling. Wheat futures at Chicago plunged as much as four cents a bushel at the opening but ral- lied later. Traders appeared worried by the possibility of too large supplies of the bread ce- real later this year. Top trades of wholesale but- ter In the New York spot market declined two to two and one- fourth a pound to cents pound. Supplies con- tinued to flow to market In heavy volume while buying re- mained slack. Wholesale butter prices have toppled about 20 cents a pound in the past three weeks and about eight to nine this week. ties. The gruff former chief of the German Relchsbank, freed of war crimes charged by the international military tribunal, could face ten years imprisonment If convicted by its countrymen of being a "major worst kind of Nazi. Weather Senator Alexander Wiley, Wisconsin, has a food laugh reading the Congressional Record. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican" Herald.) renounce It correctly? It jangles ny nerves to hear it called "Bray- on" Woods, "Mr. Wiley. I thank the senator, ut I am not so sure he is correct. depends upon whether one is in Vlsconsin, New Hampshire, on the high seas, or in Britain, Brittany, or elsewhere. I am sorry the sen- ator's nerves are so tender. "Mr. Tobey. If the senator were to call it 'Bray-ton' woods in New Hampshire, he might not come out alive." End sample. No comment. FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair and continued rather cold to< night; low ten to 12 above. Friday Increasing cloudiness with rising temperature; high in afternoon 28 to 30. cloudy tonight and not BO cold north and west portions. Friday mostly cloudy and warmer. tonight. Colder south and east portions. Friday partly cloudy and not so cold. LOCAL..WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 21; minimum, 6; noon, 21; precipitation, .4 of an inch of snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Pet. nigh. Nourse's council wrote the framework of Mr. Truman's eco- nomic message to Congress last week. "Mr. Ford's statement was made In most careful and reasoned terms should appeal to a large busi- ness said the economist, with reference to yesterday's price- cutting announcement in Detroit by Henry Ford H, president of the Ford Motor Company. "If other manufacturers follow suit, they will make a real con- tribution to stabilizing business." Ford announced Immediate re- ductions ranging up to on all Ford cars, as a "common sense" move to avert the recession which (Continued on Page 7, Column 1) FORD 15 Miners Dead In Colliery Blast At Plymouth, Pa. Plymouth, Pa. Fifteen miners were killed and three others Injured in an explosion last night that wrecked the anthracite col- liery operated by the Glen Alden Coal Company here, trapping tome 22 workers 850 feet below the sur- face. Edward Griffith, president and general manager of the coal firm which operates the Nottingham col- liery, said the blast wos discovered by an unidentified foot tender at the bottom of a mine shaft. The man, noting heavy clouds of dust and smelling gas fumes, sounded an alarm. Griffith reported. Rescue crews, in constant dan- ger of cave-ins because of weak- ened shorlngs, rescued seven men after more than three hours of fran- tic digging. A short while later, Orlfflsh said, the bodies of the IS dead men found grouped in a gangway leading from the shaft were brought to the surface. Griffith said the company was unable to ascertain the exact num- ber of night shift men working in the blasted section located under the Susquehanna river but re- ports from the scene said only 32 men were in the shaft. The dead were all from Plymouth or nearby communities. Mothers to Leave Hospital 24 Hours After Baby's Birth whose babies are born at Dea- conea hospital may remain hos- pltallced only 14 the Her. A. H. Scluneuner, saperlntend- ent, announced today. Dr. Scnmeuner laid longer stays were permitted only for compli- and that then five dayi were the maximum except In "mart anasnal" He said maternity cases hod Increased 45 per cent over four yean aco and that the new policy was the only way the hospital conld keep up with demaadi for the deliv- ery room. moment storm troopers are in con- trol You have seen a military coup d'etat seize the mansion, private office and auto- mobile." Shortly after Amall made his statement to newsmen and Jeft mansion, the troopers admitted Mrs. Herman Talmadge and her two children to the residence. Young TalmadBC, elected by legislature, took physical possession of the capltol sulto earlier with a statment "as governor of Georgia I have taken complete charge of the executive offices at the state capltol." ArnaU's entry to the offices blocked by Ben Odum, secretary to Talmadge. Arnall set up temporary offices In the rotunda of the state capltol building and at room 1400 in Candler bunding. Pounds on Door As Arnall arrived in the antcroon which opens into his executive of- Hces at the capltol, he was met by Odum and during a brief ex- change of words at the door Arnall continued to pound upon it de- manding admittance. From within the room stationed at the door refused to open and called repeatedly for "col- onel." Finally the door was opened and Amall forced his way in. Arnall strode across the floor to a door-leading into the executive's private office where he was met an aide of Talmadcc who told llm to have a seat when he said he desired to see Talmadge. In a blunt question directed re- peatedly at Odum, Amall said dramatically: "Are you denying me the right to enter my Odum Insisted each time that he was not denying Arnall entrance to "your but that he would not permit him "to enter the office of Mr. Talmadge who Is now the legal governor of the state of Georgia." Issues Statement After continued futile demands to gain entrance, Arnall turned to the room which was crowded witli photographers, newsmen and madge supporters and said: Denver 23 Kansas City 42 Los Angeles 60 Miami 78 Minneapolis 13 New Orleans 82 New York 42 Seattle 34 Washington SO Winnipeg 4 22 42 C9 3 69 39 33 44 -16 .04 .05 .T. .04 .22 .61 11-Day London Truck Strike Ends Saturday By Tom Williams London Heads of the Transport and General Workers union announced today that the 11-day-old London truck strike, involving at least men In work stoppages which Immobilized the port of London, had ended and the strikers would return to work Saturday. Unofficially, Jt was understood that the strikers' demands for a 44- hour week, eight-hour day and the payment of overtime for shifts ex- ceeding eight hours had been grant- ed by the road haulage association, representing the employers. The vote to return to Work was almost unanimous. Informed sources reported. The decision was an- nounced after a closed meeting of delegates of the strikers and union officials, marked from time to time by bursts of applause. More than 100 ships were tied up in the port of London by the strike of dockers and stevedores. They were idle in protest against use of troops to supplant striking truck drivers, whose ll-day-old work stoppage now Involves at least men. All along the Thames ships lay at anchor ..with their cargoes half unloaded. "Gentlemen of the press. It b quite obvious that I am denied to my office. It U qnlte obvious that Mr. Tmlmadce Is afraid to me face to face. "Last night a perfect panzer movement wu executed wnieli recalled In the removal of the locks front these br B mlltary force from the Tal- madge orra.niza.Uon A colt has been Instituted in the of to my position "I hereby place on order all department hearfi and noti- fy them that henceforth they act at their peril unlen ex- prawly under direction from El- lis Arnall." Arnall, continuing, said that the attorney general had ruled that he should remain in office until his successor Is duly qualified and ready to assume the office. Arnall repeatedly referred to Talmadge as "that and added that "I propose to continue to act as governor of Georgia until Lieuten- ant Governor M, E. Thompson is sworn in and can take over." issues now involved tran- scend personalities and involve themselves into the question of whether the people of Georgia shall rule and democracy prevail or whether the state will give way to rule by force and barbarism." Talmadge took over ArnaU's In- ner office promptly at 9 a. m. after aides had ordered tho locks changed during the night. Uniformed state police stood at the entrance of the private office and only news pho- tographers and close political friends were allowed to enter. Gladys Creel, private secretary to thcujate EuRenc Talmadgc and now priviite secretary to his son, said Talmadgc forces had moved Into the executive offices around or 8 o'clock this rnorn- (ConUnued on 7, Column 1) TALMADGE
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