Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 3, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W; EATHER tuft vtrr PI4 UH htw lit rllyi fair, Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations PROTECT YOUR FUTURE U.S. SAVINGS BONOS VOLUME 46, NO. 269 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING. JANUARY 3, 1947 TWELVE PAGES Bilbo Blocked From Taking Oath Knutson's Bill Urges Graduated Tax Cut Lower Income Group Will Benefit Most 20% Slash Sought for Earnings Up to tVjuhlnfflon A tax-trim- mint; bill culling for u 20 per cent rut In Income Utxe.H on the, first of Individual liieoinr.i nffrii-il today by KeprPsrn'.aUvn Humid Kim'.-um (K.-Mlnn.i. 'S'tit prospective Republican chair- man of the HoiiMi ways nnd means committee modiilcd his bill at tho mlnutp before Introduction at thr noon opening of Congress, In- MPiid of a flat 2f> per cent cut across the board in nil Individual income tax brackets. Knutson rccom- rr.rr.drd: I. A 20 prr rrnl rut nn tllfi flrit S300.000 of Inriimr. 10..', rent rrtlcintlnn tliot portion of liirmnr finrnl- Inf Infrnnl Itrvriuir btirmtl flgurrs ffir thn lust yenr thnt Just civrr 100 persons in thr United Ktutcs hud u gross income above that year. Kriutson said In a statement: "The reduction of the tax attribu- table to that part of the. Income of taxpayers which Is In excess of Is reduced by 10.5 per cent." In general, he added, "Incomes above ore unearned." Rill In final Form In Its final form, the Republican bill also would grant nn added ad- vantage to taxpayers over 85 years old. giving each person In that age croup an additional exemption of miiklns n total exemption of statement said: Byrd Plane With 8 Aboard Missing Craft Fails Congressmen of Both Parties Open Drive To Prevent Strikes G.I. Appeals To Truman to Admit Bride Famed Senate Restaurant Impartial Washington The Semite's fiunod restaurant, bowed impartially to Republican and Democratic states alike tO'lay as Congress convened. Tho Ventured luncheon, at 05 Included: linked Oregon Salmon or .in.i Chopped Sirloin of Href, South Dakota Sauce New Mexico Cole Slaw Potatoes Wyominu Missimtppt Corn Bread i biscuits with Iowa butter Also a choice deserts and Beverages Urge Compulsory Arbitration, Ban on Closed Shop By Max Hall i Washington Members of Congress from both major parties opened, a drive today to prevent strikes which affect the public or safety-Including coal to tlin entire calendar; yrar 1M7, the measure wlH provide fresh Snow, Cold Curbs Traffic Over Nation By The Auoelated Freu Air travel was curtailed, train and bus schedules delayed and motor traffic made hazardous today by 20 per cent reduction In the In- dividual Income tax payable under law on Incomes up to and of mow, rain, slcot, and log over wide section of the country. A blanket of new snow covered 'many sections of New England, the sllehUy In excess of "The group which receives Midwest; and extended into Okla- full 20 per cent reduction includes homa and in the Texaa Panhandle the worker, the rnrnrr. nnd those and other North Texas points. The who utilize their Incomes In produc- falls In some cltieg were the heaviest tJon. expansion and employment. the winter and covered already Aid for Manntrmcnt slippery highways and streets. Tem- Palllng within this class will beiperatures dipped to near freezing In the management groups and those California and to near zero in Spo- who furnish risk or venture capltnl Jcnne Wash for new enterprises which would, mtter cold struck the Dakotis more Jobs In nn expanded and Minnesota today and the mor- heulth strikes. The drlvr facos strong opplslUon. All proposals to compel unions and employers to settle their dis- putes short of walkouts or lockouts aro being fought not only by organ- ized labor but by wide segments of Industry as well. Representative Howard Smith (D.-Va.) said he Is ready to Intro- duce a lengthy labor bill this after- noon after the session opening for- malities of the 80th Congress are out of tho way in tho House. One provision Is designed to force arbitration of disputes in the most essential Industries. Would Outlaw Closed Shop Another would outlaw the closed shop. And a third would forbid collective bargaining on an indus- try-wide as autos and steel, both of which suffered crip- pling strikes last year. Smith said In an interview before tho session started: "The public Interest must bo paramount. I think It's a mistake to pay too much at- tention to the special desires of WlreDhoto to The Republican-Harold Mrs. Quatt and Son Hawthorne, N. ex- G.I., appealing to President Truman for permission to bring his German bride to this country, backs up his a quotation from the either labor or Industry." Five House Republicans were ready with another repeat Thf ttntrmrnt. aflilcrl: "Jlrcau.'.e of the ncof.tslty jcury dropped to moro than 30 bc- jlow zero at Bemldjl, Minn.; near (Continued on Pare 7, Column CONGRESS 4) Pin Removed From Girl's Lung plea with Bible. The former soldier, Charles Quatt, said yesterday he had written to the President asking for aid In getting the former Lotte Nlppgen, whom he married, secretly in IMS in Regens- burg, Bavaria, Into thla country. "I put It up to you, Mr. Presi- Quatt said ha wrote. "Did I do anything that was not correct To Return to Mother Ship Hope Held Craft May Be Afloat on South Pacific PBM Marin- er seaplane eight persons aboard la overdue on an exploratory flight from tho navy's Antarctic ex- pedition, the navy reported today. The plane took off from the sea- piano tender TJ.S.S. Pine Island at a. m. (C.S.T.) December 30. It wan scheduled to return p. in. tho same day, but had I sufficient fuel for 11 additional hours of flight. The lost report from the plane was received at a. m. (C.S.T.) on December 30 at which time It was about 250 miles south ot the Pine Island. Previous reconnaissance flights had reported open water In that area and the navy expressed hope the plane had made a safe land- met. Search and rescue operations lave been hampered by bad weath- er. One of those reported aboard the plane- lg Captain Henry Howard Cald-vell, whose wife Mrs. Dorothea Qlendora Caldwell, resides at Nor- folk. Va. Caldwell, an Annapolis graduate, la commander of the Pine Island. The seaplane was one of three sent out on a the Roosevelt New Speaker, Majority Leader Representative Joseph W. Martin, Jr., left, of MauachuxetU, who becomes speaker today when the Republican majority orjraniKra the House of shows one of the he'll use to Representative Charles A. Halleck of Indiana who li the new ma- jority leader. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) scouting flight over and Balllnshausen Philadelphia Surgeons to- day removed a pin from tho right lung of little Elizabeth Thomas only t.'vr January 1, mrt-a "Since such a methc-d can be put1 of rr-nho 30-bclow mark at Pomblna, N. a few hours after she was brought ,H -----------.......-------------._ hcre ,n an army CVJ Temple university hospital's Jack- son clinic reported the three-and-a- half-ycar-old girl resting comfort- ably following the operation. Phy- sicians said there were no compli- cations and she should be able to _ _ withholding tiibles. and tho nnd fr'ori: i 20 below ui'p'arts fnrt that Individual taxes are now of South Dakota. on current pn.v-n.i-yo'.i-xo bttxls, a.' Federal forecasters said the cold ix-rrrr.tiiK'1 reduction In tux appears; wnvo would move eastward to the to be the mrwt fi-aslblo method to'Allantlc coast and predicted lower relief to incomes, cf fee- 'temperatures for the north central Planes Grounded Into effect almost Immediately, It piftne flights in several cities were meivn relief to millions of grounded to the storm which struck workers by inrrraslnic their take- hntnr pny without delay. ___________ It hoped and expected UintiiiliilpVuid" t wl" KlVU "l municipal airport In various forms. Fog and rain grounded iilrllne lllghts at La CJuar- cn-iilrst possible Incentive to invc.-.tmi-nt of capltul In new ven- tures, which will open Up new ave- I.UPS for rmploytnent as well ns ex- panded markets for rnw materials." Knutson Mild the ways and means committee will take up the tax cut- ting lull "iir. r.oori tho legl.'ilntlvo Midget with KM celling on appropri- ations Is ain.roved later lhln inonlh." The tax aiit.horltlfii e.tltiintcd (li.it (he n-vlficd bill, if would cut 1IM7 lax collec- tion'. Ij.v whereas n 20 per cent reduction would II.IVP amounted to about X ;l Uiat In the hlghi-M bracket.-! would net r.V- cent reduction of i.'ic first sr.oc.OOO of their Income, b'j! the reduction on Income iibove would bo 10.5 per cent. cuts A was at a virtual standstill since Thursday because of snow. All com- mercial plane (lights In Philadel- phia and Pittsburgh were ground- ed because of fog and there were no (Hunts out of Detroit this morn- ing. Chicago had its heaviest snowfall In two measuring about six Inches, while Topeka, Kan., was blanketed by a fall ot eight inches. Us neeond approach Thn fall nt Kt. Joseph, Mo., mcas- out of heavy ured seven Inches; six inches in nlBht IoK that shrouded the Kansas City and Elk City, Okla and five Inches in Tulsa. Okla. leave the hospital In a few days. The daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William H. Thomas of Opellka, Ala., landed here last night after a daring flight from Atlanta, da., through weather so hazardous that direct authorization had to bo ob- tained from General Carl A. Spaatz of tho army air forces. All commercial aircraft were grounded here by poor visibility and a crash truck stood by for tho ar- rival of tho army C-47 transport bearing the little girl and her par- ents. The big ship made one unsuccewi- accordlng to any concept of morals, common aense or the "Tho Bible says, 'Thou Shalt go forth Into the world and seek wife.1 Look as I may, it did not say what nationality she could arid should be." Quatt, who won tlie Purple Heart, said the civil ceremony dn his mar- riage was kept secret because the urmy then had a fraternization ban and refused permission for tho wed- ding. The State department has agreed to admit their infnnt son as an American citizen, he nald, but has refused to permit his wife to enter. Quatt returned to Germany, after his discharge last Mare.h, as a civ- ilian clerk with the War depart- seas by the eastern group of the expedition. A dispatch three days ago from Alton L. Blakeslee, Asso- ciated Press staff writer with the expedition, had Identified Leblanc as the pilot and Kearns as co-pllot. Martin Asks Prompt Action on Labor, Tax Issues by New House Fight Over Seating Opens New Congress House Organizes, Elects Martin Speaker, 244-182 BULLETIN voted today to delay the Mating of Senator Itillxi This lrf( the way open for newly-rlected to lukc the Rhine ihrlr partr control of thr Senate. WaKliinjrton Triumphant lepubllcali.s quickly elected Joseph V. Martin of .speak- r of new but, Sen- ite urKiinlKiillon the jiOth Con- Rl'eSH .stalled 111 debate over .valinc Theodore G. Bilbo of Mississippi. Martin, first. Republican to over the House gave) in 15 years, was elected, 244 to 182. In a key- note spcpcli lie called upon Demo- crats cooperate with his party in hnndllmr such problems na labor laws, taxation and government economy. The House then ready for business with two major l.ax reduction nieuMjvr and a com- prehensive Inbui bill would outlaw tlie closed .'hop and f'irco iirbilratloii of ril.'-iJiJti's in essential in the lemslative hopper. The first House session recessed, at p. m. today until Monday. But nt the other end of the Capi- tol, an exceptional and -wordy wran- gle over permitting Bilbo to .serve a I third term delayed organization of the Senate after only one new of had taken the oath. Oath Refused Bilbo, in red lie. walked up to bar with a Democratic colleague, Overton of Louisiana, to take his onth. Promptly, Senator Glen Tay- lor (D.-Idaho> objected and offered a resolution to block the Mt-ssisslp- plan pending n further inquiry. Senator Homer Ferpuson CR.- Mlch.) was ready with .1 similar res- olutlon from the Republican ma- Washington Speaker Joseph W. Martin, Jr., called on I aln-ndy conimltir d against House members today for cooperation in thr hisJBUbo- But in tne nis- Near Icepack A dispatch was received today ment. Ho returned States pending the to the United ful pass at tho field, swung off and his domestic difficulty. untangling of Top Floor of Boys Town School Burns Boys Town, broke out today in the top story of the by the navy from Blakeslee but the first port of it was missing, because of poor communications. In this dispatch, apparently filed yesterday, Blakeslee says: "Tho missing plane was probab- ly 400 miles from the Pine Island when It sent Its last message. The planes were operating in the area of the Roosevelt and Belllnshausen seas with instructions specifically to photograph the coastline which is largely uncharted and then to work Inland. (There was no immediate explanation of the variances in the distances from the Pine Island as supplied by the navy and by "Rescue operations will depend upon where the plane Is found. The Icepack is a 300-mile wide belt of Jumbled ice but with some opened stretches of water. Extricating men from there would probably be dif- ficult." of deficit spending, the ________ ______ tory of our aation" to deal with labor laws, taxation and gov- ernment economy In the 80th Congress. The 62-ycar-oJd Massachusetts newspaper publisher, first O.O.P, presiding officer since Nicholas Longworth stepped down in 1S31, asked Republican and Dem- ocratic members to face the nation's postwar problems side by side. "This cooperation is he declared in his keynote address, "if we are to accomplish successfully tho painful readjustments from war conditions waste, and cost' policy." Martin snld the .solution of labor- mahagemcnt problems must receive "immediate attention" and the nation must return promptly to "the sound philosophy that the government docs not support the people; tho people must support the government." There must be quick tax slashes, budget-cutting, and reduction of the public debt, he said. He said the debt, now Just under1 is so mammoth that Americans will bo paying it off Elevator Burns at Falls River, Fall River, Vila. Firemen from four communities baUled four five-story school building at this hours early today before bringing famed boys home and several fire Presidential Talk Deplored By Eisenhower of .lkcn Rcpuoll- cans had consequently lacked a voto. And In oppciltlon to the Republican move. 14 Democratic senators organized for "extended debate" in Bilbo's be- hUf. In the White House. President Truman heard and saw tljo opening 'House proceedings by means of tel- evision. A set was installed temporarily !n the President's office and enabled the chief executive to keep with the House organization. President Truman, personal sald Miami, D. Elsenhower in today that the mention of his name as n presidential candidate "Is not good for the great organlzntion with which I am associated." will be IclpvlTi'd. KOI an idea of hon he will look on Die nir waves. Eisenhower, the army's chief staff, made thinking as plain that he soldier of tlie Truman Talk Tlie White HOU.M- announced President Truman would deliver his of'state of the unTbii message at a wasijolnt session in the House cham- Monday, nt, 32 p. m. for the next Republicans 100 years. do not "gloat" lion's future security to prevent theiif both houses orRani-cd then. Jnlted States from falling victim[ The No. 1 measure offered m to some possible future blitz." "From tVie beginning of the war, ovcrjwhen my name has been nien- "supcr-'the House was the Republican plan to cut Individual income t.ixcs. In- stead of the proposed 2fl per cent their victory in the November clec-'tioncd In connection with a nossl- Uld companies from nonrby Omaha under control a fire which threat- ened to destroy this Columbia coun- not fought nnd to keep the flames from' There was ruin in Pennsyl- vania, Ohio and southern Indiana P'lorldu c.ltlc.M wen; tho hot I'pota on the imilon'H weather map yes- terday, with rending of 83 at Tam- pa. 81 at Miami and 79 at Jackson- ville. due to y.o inlo effnrt July county, hit southern Wlscon- Ittst night, choking highways fiKht over the cfore him, were rounded up onejthe city, 16 below in rural if tor another and were taken to the Saturday generally fair and Isolation hospital, where all high 15. quite reported well. They included Cor- poral Reuben Gcssert, Marshfield, Wls. Their Flying Fortress took off rom Iceland yestcrdny- for a train- ng flight. It was blown from ourse. and continued very cold this afternoon and to- night. Generally fair, and not quite so cold Saturday. when an cxplnriuip; ol! called his attention to the could make 110 estimate of the loss nl- t.houfth all but one (if 11 uutos :n the building were pushed to -safety. Truck Caravan Reaches Alaska Jack the Snipper' to Victim Washington Washington's Jack the Snipper" sheared his Ighth victim last night nnd apolo- Izcd for jostllnp her. Bcrnlce Dyer, 17, a Junior at St. atrlck's academy, reported she lost lock of her brunette hair appar- ntly to a stranger who bowed and pologlzed for bumping her on a olley Inudlni; platform. Mrs. Margaret Dyer, tho girl's mother, said her daughter didn't Iscover her loss until she arrived home. Bcrnlce had been letting her hair grow for two years, she said. wave with tem- Itsipcrature falling to 15 to 20 bclowj Fairbanks, Alaska Delay, north and five to 15 below south ed on the way abou'. two weeks. Al- portion tonight. Diminishing snowlbcrt Herda, heading a three-truck and blowing snow extreme east por-'convoy from tho Stales, arrived Ilion this afternoon, clearing Year's Kve over Hie Al.-iska Generally fair and cold Saturday, highway. One truck broke through EXTENDED FORECASTS .the ice between Dawson. B. C.. arid Minnesota, Fort St. John, B. C. Tlie las: J.OOO turcs will average ten to 14 degrees below normal, cold Saturday, slow warming trend Sunday and Mon- day, colder Tuesday, warmer Wed- nesday; no precipitation of conse- quence. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 13; minimum, miles was made about on schedule, Hcrda said. Thye Slated for Three Committees Wanliincton Senator Ed- ward J. Thye of Minnesota for appointment on three commit- tees, lie will nrmii-iated .'or noon, 4; precipitation, none; sun tions on the agriculture and forestry. sets tonight at sun rises morrow at to- civil service nnd exix-ndltures in the executive departments.