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Winona Daily News (Newspaper) - April 15, 1976, Winona, Minnesota r-Thursday's Activist on trial --Andrei Tverdokhlebov, human rights activist went on trial Wednesday in Moscow, charged with slandering the state. The 35-yeir-oM former physicist was arrested a year ago when Soviet secret police cracked down on members of Amnesty International, a human rights organization based in London. Asylum refused The Libyan government has refused asylum to the three Filipino Moslems who surrend- ered in Benghazi Wednesday after the.longest aerial hijack- ing in history, the official Libyan news agency reports. The Arab Revolutionary News Agency said the three young men were under interrogation but gave no indication what President Mo- ammar Khadafy's government might do with them. Andrei TverdoUtebov Business boost Sen. William Proxmire, an unrelenting critic of government waste and improprieties, boost- ed his wife's tour business by reserving congressional recep- tion rooms for her customers. Proxmire reserved rooms for her tours "about 30 times over the past five but abandoned the practice six months ago following com- plaints from a rival tour guide, an aide to the senator said Wednesday. Abortion needs unmet Pregnancy termination is still unavailable to many low-income women, a St. Paul, Minn., gynecologist and abortion rights advocate said Wednesday. Or. Jane Hodgson toJd a U.M. conference that only about "25 to 34 percent of the need for services is being met" in the state. Glen Cover, a state health department official, said 61 percent of abortions in the state in 1975 were performed in the Twin Cities area. There were about abortions in the state last year. Criticizes police chiefs Boston Police Commissioner Robert di Grazia criticized most of the nation's police chiefs Wednesday for behaving like "pet rocks unable to move, grow, change or innovate." His remarks were in a speech prepared for a conference of law enforcement officials and scholars in Washington, sponsored by the Police Foundation, a private organization. Italian officials face crisis ROME (AP) The Christian Democrats have nude a last-ditch appeal to the Socialists to save Premier Aldo Moro's government and stave off the elections in which many expect the Communists to run first. The Socialists are expected to-refuse. Dissolution of parliament appears likely, with elections to follow in June, a year ahead of schedule. Moro's all-Christian Democrat, minority government has existed since It was formed in February only because the Socialists agreed not to challenge it on a confidence vote. But after More bowed to Vatican pressure and agreed to a less liberal abortion reform law than the Socialists demanded, the Socialists threatened to withdraw their tacit support unless the government gave the Communists a role in making policy. The Communists, who ran only two percentage points behind the Christian Democrats in elections last June, withdrew their earlier demand for a place in the cabinet and proposed an providing for regular official consultation between Moro and Communist party chief Enrico Berlinguer. The Christian Democratic national committee rejected at a meeting Wed- nesday any official collaboration with the Communists and appeared to the Socialists to reconsider their stand. The committee emphasized its. anti- Communist stance by electing ex-premier Armintore Fanfani. Crucial time Benigno Zaccagnini, secretary general of Italy's Christian Democratic party, left; Christian Democrat Premier Aldo Moro, center, and Amintore Fanfani, new president of the party's policy making National Committee, arrive at a crucial party meeting in Rome Wednesday. (AP Photofax) Wmona Daily News j 121 st year of publication Winona, Minnesota, April! 5.1976 22 Pages 2 Sections 15' Robert di Grazia No mistake If somebody wishes you Happy New Year next Oct. t, don't stare. It will be New Year's Day for the federal government. The government will start its fiscal year on Oct. 1, instead of July 1. The fiscal year shift is part of a major effort to put government spending on a more businesslike basis and to give Congress more effective control over its own fiscal actions. Ambassador named India announced today it is sending an ambassador to China for the first time in 15 years, restoring full diplomatic rela- tions with its longtime foe. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's government named a top career diplomat, K. R. Narayanan, to the Peking post. It said China was expected to reciprocate by sending an ambassador to New Delhi. "All America Cities'named "All America Cities" named Wednesday by the National Municipal League for citizen efforts to improve local government ranged in size from the former logging town of Harbor Springs, Mich., to Portsmouth, Va., population Other winners are Plainfield, N.J.; Cleveland Heights, Ohio; Frederick, Md.; Marshall, Tex.; Montebello, Calif.; Oak Park, III.; San Pablo, Calif., and Tuccoa, Ga. The inside index: Television.........4a 6a-7a Agriculture...... 8a-10a Daily record.......14a 11a-12a Comics.......12a, 8b Sports.........1 b-5b Markets...........5b Few turn out to honor rights leaders BOSTON (AP) They sal in their academic robes Rosa Parks, the black woman who 21 years ago refused to move to the back of the bus, and Linda Brown Smith, whose father did not want her to go to the segregated schools of Topeka, Kan., 22 years ago. They were honored by Boston University, alma mater of the late Rev. Martin Luther King on (lie eighth an- niversary of his assassination. But in this city torn by strife over school integration, fewer than 50 people came to pay tribute Wednesday to 15 heroes and heroines of the civil rights movement. Eight years ago, thousands of students, black and white, brought together by the shock of the King assassination, attended memorial services at the university. But oil this warm spring day few drifted into the building, except on their way to class. Dr. Benjamin E. Mays, president of the Atlanta Board of Education, told the youthful audience that "in- tegration will come completely only when racism is completely rooted out. And human nature being what it is, it will not be in my time, and not in the time of any of you living now." But, he added, "We cannot quit. This is what America isal! about." During an afternoon session on busing and its alter- natives, George H. Esser, executive director of the biracial Southern Regional Council, said northern cities cannot approach the subject of school integration "without a package that includes busing." lie said he brought Boston a message from the South, adding. "The evidence is that the South, however reluctantly, has accepted the national mandate (to in- tegrate) and that its achievements are encouraging." The award to Miss Parks was for her refusal in 1955 to give up her seal on a city bus in Montgomery, Ala., to a white passenger. The incident sparked a year-long boycott by black residents of the Montgomery city bus system. The boycott was led by King, and it was the event which first brought him national attention. The boycott also led to a U.S. Supreme Court decision or- dering the integration of the nations' bus systems. Mrs. Smith received on behalf of her father, the late Rev. Oliver Brown, a posthumous citation. The Rev. Mr. Brown was plaintiff in the landmark civil rights suit of "Brown v. The Topeka Board of Education." In thai case, the Supreme Court ruled that, "separate educational facilities arc inherently unequal" and said that the separale-bul-equal doctrine had "no place" in public education. Rain Mostly cloudy, windy and mild through Friday with showers and thunderstorms likely, with chance. of locally severe thunderstorms tonight. Lows tonight mid 50s to low 60s. Hiqhs Friday mid 60s to mtd 70s. .weather details, pagella Toll climbs in Lebanon Ambassador Thomas "S. Gates Jr., sworn in Wednesday as chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in Peking, stands with Chinese Ambassador Han-Shu at a reception following the White House ceremony. (AP Photo- fax) tiEIKUT, Lebanon (AP) Casualties in Lebanon's civil war today climbed toward the level before the cease-fire, with 75 persons reported killed and 120 wounded, as politicians jockeyed for the presidency and debated Syrian military intervention. Presidential hopeful Raymond Edde claimed lhat the toll in the year-long war is now dead and wounded, about 25 per cent more than previous estimates. The heaviest fighting during- the night was in Beirut and the suburban hills where Moslem leftists and right-wing Christian forces continued to battle with mortars and artillery for control of key points. Several large fires were burning in downtown Beirut. Another fierce battle was reported around Zagharta, hometown of Christian President Suleiman Franjieh. The town is at the northern tip of a Christian enclave of 800 square miles running north along the Mediterranean coast from the Christian half of Beirut. Today was the day on which other Christian leaders said they expected Franjieh to sign a constitutional amen- dmcnt adopted by Parliament last week to terminate his term five months early. But there was no indication the president would sign, and the amendment cannot become law for a month without his signature. Right-wing Christian leaders were meeting at Franjieh's temporary headquarters 12 miles north of Beirut. They were believed trying to agree on a successor who would uphold their con- servative views and some of the rights of the Christian minority but would also be acceptable to the Moslem side. The Lebanese left, a loose grouping of Communists, Socialists and Arab nationalists led by Kama! Jumblatt and continued attacking Syrian military inter- vention in Lebanon. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger told a Senate subcommittee in Washington that either we nor Israel believe that Syrian action in Lebanon is a threat to the security of Israel." But he said Syrian troop movements may be getting "close to the borderline" of Israeli tolerance. Kissinger said Syria has introduced some military forces into border areas but "has not made a major military movement into Lebanon." He said published reports that there are Syrian troops in Lebanon are "grossly exaggerated." Authoritative sources in Lebanon estimate that Syria has moved at least armed men into Lebanon army regulars, most of them in frontier areas controlling the three main highways from Syria into Lebanon; Palestinian guerrillas of the Saiqa organization which Syria finances and controls, and several thousand Palestinians of the Palestine Liberation Army based in Syria. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin Slid this week lhat Israeli forces would move into southern Lebanon only if the Syrian troops posed a "direct threat to Israels security." Israeli analysts in- tcrpreted this to mean the Syrians would have to cross the Lilani river, a natural boundary about 15 miles north of the Israeli-Lebanese frontier. HHH poses problems WASHINGTON How do you introduce Hubert H. Humphrey to an audience? That has become one of Washington's most perplexing, if least important, problems. Eugene C. Patterson of the St. Peter- sburg, Fla., Times, handled it this way on Wednesday: "Our speaker he told the American Society of Newspaper Editors, "is a former vice president, was the mayor of Minneapolis at one time, is a former presidential nominee, a leading senator, a happy warrior, and we can't rudely disregard his insistence that he isn't running for anything." Humphrey, who says he is not a can- didate for anything but another six years in the Senate, was then questioned by an ASNE panel. He said he didn't know why, as a non- candidate, he was visiting the editors, who represent newspapers from all over the country, except that "someone sent me an invitation and I'm a creature of habit." There was the inevitable question on whether his decision not to allow his name to be entered in any presidential primary was final. "That's my present.judgment." said Humphrey. "Could it change before began the questioner, William Eaton of the Chicago Daily News. The audience roared. Humphrey repeated, "That is my present judgment." "In the next Iwo weeks? How long do you think it will be in the Hum- phrey was asked. "Most of the time, I imagine." "You thinking it "Not said Humphrey. He explained that never is very finite in politics, "but I'm a political man and I know the pressures (hat are brought to bear on you and 1 don't expect to yield." Humphrey was asked his feeling about a Democratic convention start with no clear favorite. He said unless something star- tling happens in the upcoming Penn- sylvania primary, none of the candidates would sew up me nomination. He said, "I feel perfectly capable physically, mentally and politically of conducting a major cam- paign if 1 needed to do so. The question is do I want to do so and it isn't because of any physical condition. You go up to the Senale and take a look at what you got up there and take a look at me. Til take 'em on." And about that Humphrey for President Committee reported to be operating? "I don't know of any committee. I've authorized no committee nor has anybody been authorized to speak for me, solicit for me, lalk for me, or embrace for me. Humphrey said "I'll do all that for myself." HHH supporters delay campaign WASHINGTON (AP) Sponsors of a plan to seek support for Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey for the Democratic presidential nomination have decided to delay the letter- writing campaign. Reps. Robert Bergland, D-Minn., and Paul Simon, D-II1., had planned to spend to mail letters urging some 17.000 party leaders and for- mer national convention delegates to keep the senator from Minnesota in mind for the nomination. But Bergland said Wednesday, night the mailing has been put off" until the Federal Election Com- mission has been reconstituted. Bergland said he sees no hurry to get the mailing out, although doing so before the FEC is back in business might eliminate spending ceilings on individual donors. At meeting Sen. Hubert Humphrey, D-Minn., speaks at the American Society of Newspaper Editors convention in Washington Wed- nesday. (AP Phototax) Possible veto shadows work on election commission bill By DAVE RILEY WASHINGTON (AP) Most of the presidential candidates, cut off from federal matching funds for nearly a month, are In various stages of financial desperation and some of them are just plain broke. The How of federal matching funds, which had pumped some 112 million into the various campaigns since the first of the yeark ended abruptly on March 22 when the Federal Election Com- miwlon lost its power to pay out taxpayers' money because of a Supreme Court ruling. It was up to Congress to meet Supreme Court objections to the makeup of the FEC and put the commission tuck in business. But the bill to do that is just now being put in final form, and it facet a possible veto by one of the Ford. Ford's campaign Is one of the few that remains financially healthy, despite the lack of federal matching fundi, and In fact is reporting figures that show It is the mott solvent campaign. 'In the latest report on campaign funds, Ford's election committee told the FEC last week It has a cash balance of on hand. On the Democratic side, only former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter and Sen. Henry M. Jackson have reported to the FEC that they are financially sound. Carter told the FEC he had on April 1, Jackson, who started the year as one of the richest candidates with more than it million, said in his latest report he has The financial situation faced by Alabama Gov. George Wallace is somewhat fuzzy. Wallace has been known to have been cutting back, closing headquarters and dismissing paid campaign workers, but his aides maintain his campaign d solvent. Among the other Democratic candidates, five have ceased active campaigning, some of them because of the cutoff, of federal funds. Ford's Republican opponent, former California Gov. Ronald Reagan, is staging an intensive campaign in Texas but has been borrowing money from banks to finance his campaign. Reagan's last report to the FEC showed he was close to million in the red. "Inaction by Congress on a simple bill to reconstitute the commission has thrown a monkey wrench into the whole said Rep. Morris K. Udall, a Democratic candidate whose Pennsylvania primary campaign is plagued by debts that now total some Udall said Wednesday his campaign has "financial lar- although he says the FEC now owes his campaign There were these campaign developments on Wednesday: -Udall, Carter and Jackson failed to appear to speak to the American Society of newspaper editors, refusing to cross a picket line thrown up by the National Association of Broadcast Employes and Technicians outside the Washington hotel where the session was held. The union la striking NBC and had hoped to keep the network from covering the meeting. The three candidates addressed the meeting by telephone. -The office of Ford's press secretary, Ron Ncssen, said he plans to attend a rehearsal in New York today of the NBC "Saturday Night" show, on which he is to be a guest, although it means crossing the union picket line. called on the olher Democratic candidates to debate him before the Pennsylvania primary April 27, saying voters "deserve to know who the serious candidates are, what our records have been and what we propose to do about the serious problems America faces. Instead, what Ihey may get is not just a secret ballot, but a secret campaign, if the availability of money is left to make the difference." Udall later flew to Louisville, Ky., scene of violence last fall over school busing orders. He maintained his support of busing if that's what it takes to integrate classrooms, but he said his desegregation proposals would keep busing to a minimum.
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