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Winona Daily News (Newspaper) - March 20, 1974, Winona, Minnesota Partly cloudy tonight, Thursday; somewhat cooler 119th Ytar of Publication Wmona Daily News WINONA, MINNESOTA 55987, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 2 Sections, 26 Pagw, 15 Cents Until impeachable offense defined Nixon: no more files By DONALD M. ROTHBERG But a problem is that the Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ident Nixon's words were dif- ferent, but his message to the House Judiciary Committee was the same: no more White House files until the panel de- fines an impeachable offense. During a televised question- and-answer session Tuesday night before the National Asso- ciation of B r o a deasters House committee and the Pres- ident disagree on the definition of impeachable offenses. At a news conference on Feb. 25, the President said, "The Constitution is very precise in defining what is an impeach- able offense.... A criminal of- fense on the part of the presi- dent is the requirement for im- peachment." The House Judiciary Com- mittee hasn't made any final THE MOODS OF MR. NIXON. Presi- dent Nixon displayed these moods as he an- swered questions asked by a panel of broad- casters and newsmen during an hour-long televised session before the National Associa- tion of Broadcasters in Houston, Tex., Tuesday night. (AP Fhotofax) "It is the Constitution thai defines what the House should have access to and the limits of its investigation. Now, I'm sug- gesting that the House follow the Constitution. If they do, will." What prompted that state- ment was a question in which the President was asked if he weren't seeking to define the limits of the impeachment in- quiry by saying what he would and would not give the House committee. Nixon replied that the Con- stitution defines grounds for impeachment as "treason, bribery and other high crimes and misdemeanors." He then seemed to suggest that the House committee should limit its requests to ma- terial that would bear on what are found to be "high crimes and misdemeanors." convention i n j determination of what it will Houston, the President said: regard as an impeachable of- fense. But a staff memorandum giv- en members of the committee just four days before President Nixon gave his definition said that, "in drawing articles of impeachment, the House has placed little emphasis on crimi- nal conduct.... "Much more common are al- legations that the officer has violated his duties or his oath or seriously undermined public confidence in his ability to per- form bis official functions." Members of the House panel didn't necessarily agree with the staff study. Rep. Edward Hutchinson, R- Mich., the ranking Republican, said the study "speaks to the committee, it does not speak for the committee." The President has portrayed the House committee as mak- ing broad requests for material in an attempt to find something that would fit an unspecified definition of an impeachable of- fense. For example, last Friday be- Nixon at a glance HOUSTON, Tex. (AP) Here, in brief, are highlights of President Nixon's Tuesday night speech and question-and-answer ses- sion at the convention of the National Asso- ciation of Broadcasters: WATERGATE The President said that "dragging out Watergate drags down Ameri- ca, and I want to bring it to a conclusion." RESIGNATION Nrxon said that it might take courage to resign, "To run away from the but said it also takes courage to stand and fight, which he said he intends to do. HOUSE IMPEACHMENT NixOn said it should be noted that House impeachment investigators already have been provided with a great deal of evidence and blanket re- quests for more would prolong the investiga- tion and violate presidential confidentiality. GASOLINE------Nixon said it will not be necessary to have compulsory gasoline ra- tioning, announced an end to Sunday service station closings and promised additional sup- plies of gasoline to reduce lines. He also prom- ised more gasoline to industry and agriculture. ENERGY LEGISLATION Nixon said, "The greatest shortage of energy is the lack of energy on the part of the Congress of the United States in getting to work and passing the legislation needed to increase the supply of energy." EUROPEAN RELATIONS Nixon said he expected differences to be worked out but said European nations should "consult with us and not work against us MIDEAST The President said the Mid- east "is one of those flash points in the world" and U.S. policy is "not only to be a friend of Israel, but to be a friend of Israel's neighbors." FOOD Nixon said beef prices will re- main high this fall, but food prices generally should moderate later in the year. fore a group of business execu- tives in Chicago, Nixon said some people would have him give the committee "a fishing license" to go through presiden- tial files "in order to find out whether or not there is a possi- bility that some action had been taken which might be and might result in an offense." His message then, repeated Tuesday night, was that to per- mit such a broad search would irreparably weaken the presi- dency. Ex-Nixon aides ask report not be turned over WASHINGTON (UPI) The lawyer for former pres- idential aides H. R. Halde- man and John D. Ehrlich- man today filed legal briefs to block the House Judici- ary Committee from receiv- ing a secret grand jury re- port into President Nixon's handling of Watergate. John Wilson, who repre- sents both of the men who once were Nixon's White House associates, asked in the U.S. Court of Appeals for a write of mandamus or prohibition of execution of the order giving the ma- terial to the judiciary com- mittee. to maintain oil boycott BEIRUT (UPI) Libya pledged today to maintain the, oil boycott unilaterally until the United States proves it is "neu- tral" in the Middle East con- flict. A high Libyan official will visit the United States, the So- viet Union and Britain within days to "explore the real situ- Will Vorfc out differences' Nixon eases stand on Europe help in settling tensions in the bridge the "very wide gap" Middle East. HOUSTON, Tex. (AP) President Nixon says he be- lieves the United States and its European allies will "work out _ ,u.u.... <.aFluiCu the differences that we have In j Peace in the Middle East if the snould yjeld ta the the economic and political j Soviet Union is against 'the jthat U.S. officials say divides "There cannot be permanent itne .Octobfr on, 4L caPtured territory Israel fields." Nixon's tone at his Tuesday night news conference conciliatory than his a commentary broadcast by official Libyan radio said. warning last Friday that trans- Atlantic cooperation "is not a one-way street." The President said he would troop cutbacks in Europe, j which he had posed as a pos- President said. Heights. At the news conference, Nix- Earlier Tuesday, it was an- On said the United States will nounced in Washington that Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger will reopen his drive for a military disengagement between Israel and March 29 in Washington. Syria The radio said Libya' threat duTinS his Fridav maintain the embargo "until i aPPearan.ce in Chicago. Washington proves by acts and Speaking at a convention of not words that it is no longer the National Association of hostile to the Arabs, but is neu- Broadcasters, Nixon also made tral in the Arab-Zionist con- flict." The commentary was part of a campaign launched by Libya against the decision taken by seven Arab countries in Vien- na Monday to lift the five- month-old embargo, originally imposed because of America's pro-Israeli policies. Libya and Syria opposed the decision. Algeria said it will re- consider it next June. Similar denunciations of the embargo-lifting decision were made by newspapers in Leba- The disengagement talks are to resume with Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan after Kissinger returns from a trip to Moscow to discuss strategic arms limitation negotiations. The American secretary remain Israel's friend but that he believes "it is much better to have the United States as a friend of Israel's neighbors and thereby able to influence and perhaps restrain their pol- icies." Nixon said he is optimistic the Arab oil embargo will not be renewed, even though the Arabs said they would review June 1 their decision to lift the embargo. happy with the initial response of French officials to his criti- cism of lack of progress in adopting a common set of eco- nomic and political principles with the United States. The President last week ruled out going to any summit meet- ing with the Europeans unless there is agreement on new dec- larations of cooperation. The President conceded at the Tuesday news conference that, "in the political and eco- nomic field, in the deals be- tween the nine, the European Community and the United States, those discussions haven't gone well. "They have not gone well due an indirect appeal for Soviet In executive session plans to deal with the Syrians On the U.S.-European cooper- j jp_ the Jact at separately later in trying to'ation issue, Nixon said he was Rebozo interrogated by Watergate committee WASHINGTON (AP) C. G.< 000 payment from billionaire I mittee has learned that the _ "Bebe" Rebozo, President Nix- Howard Hughes. I idea of a Hughes contribution non and Kuwait, and the closest friend, was inter- xne storv includes arose during the 1968 pres- rilla group Popular Democratic rogated under oath by the Sen- tnat one consideration may! idential campaign at a lunch- times haven't consulted with us, we think, fully or In time, and second, in some areas have actually taken a position which is hostile to the United States." But Nixon asserted: "I be- lieve that we are going to work out the differences that we have in the economic and politi- cal fields." The President warned against 'a new sense of isolationism" in America, which he said has led many to advocate bringing military forces home from Eu- rope. Also States Tuesday, the United and West Germany reached an agreement whereby the Germans will offset the cost of stationing the Ameri- can troops on German soil. Front (PDF) called it a "cruel stab to the Arabs struggle for liberation Beinit's English language newspaper Daily Star said thej executive session decision meant the "Arab unity j t subpoena, of the last few months has finally given way to the Rebozo is a leading character ate Watergate committee today i have been the favorable resolu- ieon conversation between Nix- about a campaign contribution tion of federal antitrust action Rebozo and Richard Dan- om Howard Hughes. aimed at Hughes' Las Vegas; tecome Rebozo, a banker, arrived for gambling and hotel interests. in re- Its most recent chapter was the dumping of in old bills on a committee table fragmentation." in a story of top-level campaign by a Hughes emmissary. Sources have said the com- of the Hughes-owned Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas. According to Banner's testi- mony, the money was not im- mediately forthcoming. A payment is said to have been made in 1969 or 1970. A second installment allegedly was made in 1970. In addition, an independent government regulatory agency is said to have evidence that a third payment may have been made. On the inside: A House committee has voted to impose relatively light new taxes on the petroleum industry story, page 4a The Minnesota Senate has approved a probate reform measure by the margin of 47-13 and sent it to the House story, page 12a. Cpnolnpe A of senators before President Nixon's OcllaiUI J fcxas news conference shows 17 favor his resignation, while 39 support his vow to stay in the White House story, pagn 14a. Ujll Equipment is rolling again at the Stockton, Minn., Will mill and buckwheat flour produced there is begin- ning to appear at area stores picture feature, page Ib. UD A The Winona Housing and Redevelopment Autnori- nnM iy Tuesday called for condemnation of the Latsch property north of the Morgan Block story, page 3a. HAMMERING HOME THE POINT President Rich- ard Nixon pounds his fist on the podium as he answers a question during his televised appearance before questioner! made up of members of the National Broadcasters Associa- tion in Houston. President Nixon declared that "dragging out Watergate drags down America." (AP Photofax) Price rise to continue Fuel shortage to continue By STAN BENJAMIN WASHINGTON (AP) The ,14 to 20 per cent shortages of The timing of the payments American motorist will contin- is considered crucial by investi- ue to face a gasoline shortage gators because some of the d h w h dates on which the money may the f gthe of the between Danner and then-Atty.! THEY LIKE DICK Crowds of support- ers gather around President Richard Nixon he returned to his hotel in Houston, Tex., Tuesday night after an hour-long question and answer session before the National Association of Broadcasters. (AP Pholofax) the Dunes Hotel in Las Vegas. Houston Tucsd ht sgld Rebozo earlier told the still have an anticipated mittee that all of the money Of perhaps 5 to 8 per inamed in a safe untouched foricent the United States." three years- and was not used in I the 1972 campaign for fear sub- Earlier federal energy chief sequent controversy and tur- 1 William E. Simon told news moil inside the Hughes empire men here, "Gasoline is going to might embarrass the President, 'cost more and so is heating oil." The money was returned by A shortage such as that mcn- Rcbozo to a Hughes reprcsenta- tioned by Nixon means Amcri- tive in the summer of 1.073, cans would have about the legedly after Rebozo took Dan- same gasoline supply as during ncr to the presidential retreat j the first week of March, when at Camp David, Md., to talk 'long lines at gasoline stations with Nixon. The Whito House scorned to vanish suddenly, A 5 has said the money was not to 8 per cent shortage would be mentioned at the meeting. a great improvement over the The return of Arab oil, Nixon said, would not close the gap i ban on gasoline sales. completely, although he said it would rule mean the It will be necessary to Stations now may open on Sunday HOUSTON (UPI) President Nixon says gasoline sta- tions may now open on Sundays officially lor the first time since December. But, he said, prices still will be high and perhaps go higher. There will be no rationing. And those awful gas lines are going the way of the horse and buggy. The President gave that news to American motorists Tuesday night, compliments of the end of the Arab oil em- bargo. "It will not be necessary for us to have compulsory ra- tioning in the United Nixon said during his televised qucstion-and-answer session. "And effective this Sunday I have rescinded the order which closes all service stations." He said the long lines which plagued most of the nation last month should shorten and eventually be eliminated with the increased allocations now that the Arabs have ended their embargo. of car-pooling and also of slow- er Nixon said of the anticipated shortage. Simon had explained earlier In the day that as the higher- priced Arab oil returns to the U.S. market, it will raise the average U.S. cost of oil, creat- ing increases in fuel prices to the consumer. Neither Simon nor Nixon esti- mated the extent of the price impact but Simon's deputy. John C. Sawhill, has guessed the price of gasoline could hit 70 to 80 cents per gallon at the pump this summer. Energy officials hope these Nigh prices will at least take the sting out of the remaining shortage by causing motorists to voluntarily reduce their gasoline use. Simon and Nixon also said :hat energy problems, in gener- al, would not disappear with the shipments of Arab oil.
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