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Winona Daily News (Newspaper) - April 25, 1969, Winona, Minnesota THE RIVER Thuri. 17.38 Crest TODAY .16.54 19.44 1965 18.76 20.75 1952 16.80 17.93 1951 14.98 17.35 TOMORROW WINONA DAILY NEWS SUN RISES SETS FULL MOON MAY 2 114th of Publication WiNONA, MINNESOTA 55987, FRIDAY, APRIL TEN CENTS PER COPY Want Ad Sell-A-Phone Number Is 3321 2 SECTIONS 20 PAGES De Gaulle Moves to Reverse Public Opinion PARIS (AP) President Charles de Gaulle makes anoth- er radio-television appeal to- night in hopes of reversing the tide of public opinion threaten- ing him with defeat in Sunday's constitutional referendum. "Advantage to the said the headline on the report of one opinion pool. "Sounding Shows No's in the said another. It was the first time since De Gaulle became president in 1958 that pre-election polls indicated he would lose. The unfavorable indicators included two taken by traditional Gaullist oplimisls- the government and the con- servative newspaper Le Figaro. Figaro gave the opposition 53 per cent but said 34 per cent of the voters were still undecided. De Gaulle's task was to counter- act the apathy widespread among that group and bring the unconcerned or undecided out to vole for him. The official issue in the refer- endum is establishment of re- gional governments and remov- al of what little power the na- tional senate has left. But the 78-year-old general made the vote into another plebiscite on his rule by saying he would quit if the referendum proposals were voted down. De Gaulle's big problem seems to be that many middle- of-the-road Frenchmen no long er believe a whirlwind of confu- sion and anarchy would follow the old man's departure. The communists demonstrat- ed during the student-labor tur- moil last year that they aren't militant revolutionaries. The Left appears divided, and De G a u 11 e 's former premier, Georges Pompidou, is regarded by many cautious Frenchmen as a likely and quite capable successor to the general. No one seems to know why DC Gaulle decided he needed a vote of confidence at (his time. His speeches and memoirs tell of various periods in his career, going as far back as 1940, when he felt "I had to ask myself if must not leave The most recent occasion was last May 29, during the student- worker crisis, "when I was tempted to leave." If De Gaulle were defeated Sunday and resigned, Senate President Alain Poher, a cen- trist, would become interim president. The constitution pro- vides for an election within 20 to 50 days. Any number of candi- dates could run, and if none got a majority, the two high men would compete in a runoff. The new president would serve a full seven-year term. The President Talks It Up IiHE dictates of proto- col rarely permit the President to relax, but President Nixon did it on two occasions Thursday. At left, he chats with two-year-old David Lupi on the steps leading to his office. David is the National Association of Hearing poster child. Below, Cathy Muirhead puts "the eyes of Tex- as" on the president. The young lady from Denton, Tex., and the Chief Ex- ecutive chatted on the White House Lawn. (AP Photofax) Mills: Adjustment Needed In Oil Depletion Allowance WASHINGTON CAP) _ Rep. Wilbur D. Mills, chairman of the powerful House Ways and Means Committee, says passage of a tax reform bill will he al- most impossible without some adjustment in the controversial oil depletion allowance. The Arkansas Democrat told newsmen Thursday, as his committee ended two months of hearings on restructuring the nation's internal revenue code, that the 2744 per cent oil deple- tion allowance was a symbol of tax reform. The depiction allowance has been criticized by reform advo- cates as a large loophole, but at- North Korea Hikes Budget For Defense TOKYO (AP> _ North Korea said today it is increasing ils de- fense budget U per that continuance of U.S. .spy flights off poast provocation; threat and black- mail." The report by Pyongyang's official Korean Central News Agency repeated assertions that the U.S. Navy plane shot down by the North Koreans April 15 was deep in communist air space. Accusing the United States of steadily intensifying the war provocation the agency said North Korea plans defense expenditures this year equivalent to about milion compared to million for 1968. The million represents 30 per cent of North Korea's 1969 budget. U.S. military officials in To- kyo reported earlier that the North Koreans have been train- ing a tough, elite corps to infil- trate into South Korea and work for a "native guerrilla upris- ing." A band of about 100 guerrillas landed on the east coast last year, but anti-communist South Koreans failed to support them and told South Korean troops where to find them. In his first news conference since the shooting down of the U.S. Navy plane, South Korean President Chung Hee Park warned the North Koreans to- that "there is a limit to our patience." Park said the U.S. decision to continue the flights with fighte Japan was "very clever and What will be a critical part of counlermeasures.1 tempts to modify or junk the ex- emption have always failed in the past. This was the first time Mills publicly indicated he thought it was necessary to modify the allowance. Mills said his committee's bill will go beyond Nixon's propos- als in this as well as in other areas, although he said he sup- ports Nixon's plan for repealing the 7 per cent investment tax credit and favors eliminating in- come tax for poverty-level fami- lies. Mills indicated he will go along with extending the income surtax and favors the Nixon plan to cut it from 10 to 5 per- cent Jan, 1. Writing ot the tax bill will start Tuesday, Mills said, with floor action expected by August. The first order of business will he drafting tighter rules for tax-exempt foundations, he said. He asked the Treasury offi- cials, who will take part in the closed drafting sessions, to think about establishing a staff to scrutinize more closely than in the past the operation of foun- dations with tax-exempt status. Mills' endorsement of repeal- ing the investment tax credit came after he extracted a Nixon administration commilment the on again-off again credit will be ended permanently. Mills said some way should be sought to reduce the use of tax- free municipal bonds which have been attacked as major tax shelters for corporations and the wealthy. But he sug- gested the subject is a problem because it is unlikely interest on bonds already issued could be taxed. Mills proposed developing oth- er ways to aid local govern- ments to raise money so that fewer of (he tax-free securities will be issued. Anywhere At All Joe E. Lewis, who has investigated the subject, reports that a fellow can get just as drunk'on water he can on land Love of money causes half the world's evil. And, says the cynic, lack of money causes the other half Definition of a monologue: A conversation between hus- band and wife on the tele- phone Hippies Vnotes Monte Hurst of Dalias) are like flannel they shrink from washing. (For more laughs see Earl Wilson on Page 4A) U AMCRICANS KILLCD N. Viet Commandos Raid Camp Near Laos SAIGON (AP) _ North Viet- namese commandos moving be- hind a rolling mortar barrage battered their way into an allied camp near the Laotian border today, with dynSmite bombs and band grenades. First reports said three Amer- ican soldiers and four South Vietnamese troops were killed, 12 Americans and 43 South Viet- namese were wounded and at least three armored personnel carriers were destroyed. The U.S. Command said 30 North Vietnamese soldiers also were killed, raked by 90mm tank guns and .50-caliber ma- chine guns mounted on the per- sonnel carriers. The North Vietnamese at- tacked about 300 soldiers from the U.S. 5th Mechanized Infan- try Division and from a South Vietnamese armored cavalry troop who were in night bivouac two miles east of the Laotian border and 19 miles south of the demilitarized zone. Mortar shells began pouring into the camp about a.m., pinning the allied soldiers down. DETROIT (AP) _ General __ Molors CorP- its v s important is how to wide sales in the first quarter of cope with North Korean reac- 1959 were a record 5 billion command I believe this 21 per cent above sales el billion in the same period last year. 36 SENATORS MAINTAIN WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST WINONA AND VICINITY Considerable cloudiness tonight and Saturday with chance of showers or thundershowers de- veloping. Wanner tonight; not much change in temperature Saturday. Low tonight 50s; high Saturday 64-72. Outlook Sunday: Below normal temperatures with chance of showers. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 71; minimum, 44; noon, 71; precipitation, none. Arab-Israeli Talks Necessary WASHlWflTfW f Am o___ ir.._i_ o_ WASHINGTON (AP) _ Thir- ty-six senators said today the only way to lasting peace in the Mideast is through face-to-face Arab-Israeli talks, not from out- side big power agreements. "The parties to the conflict must be parties to the settle- the senators said in a statement commemorating Is- rael's 21st anniversary. "We op- pose any attempt by outside powers to impose halfway measures. not conducive to a permanent peace." The senators 23 Democrats and 13 that "We deeply regret that Israel's Arab neighbors, after three fu- tile and costly wars, still refuse to negotiate a final peace settle- ment with Israel." The statement, drafted by Sens. Hugh Scott, R-Pa., -and Abraham Ribicoff, D-Conn., supports Israel's opposition to the current talks being conduct- ed at the United Nations by the United States, Soviet Union, Britain and France, aimed at finding a settlement to the ex- plosive Mideast situation. The Arabs, who have ex- pressed interest in the four pow- er talks, insist they will never sit across a conference fable wilh the Israelis until Tel Aviv first withdraws from the territo- ry captured during the 1967 six- day war. On that point the senators said: "To ensure direct negotiations and to secure a contractual peace settlement, freely and sincerely signed by the parties themeselves, the United States should oppose all pressures upon Israel to withdraw prema- turely and unconditionally from any of the territories which Is- rael now administers." The senators also deplored ''one-sided United Nations reso- lutions which ignore Arab viola- tions of the cease-fire and which censure Israel's reply and coun- teraction." The statement praised Israel for the progress it has made but expressed concern that "the people of Israel are still denied their right to peace, and that they must carry heavy defense burdens which divert human and material resources from productive pursuits." The senators' declaration came a day after the State De- partment repeated its appeal to __...._..._ BRINGING ALONG THE SAME OLD CONTROVERSY Here Comes Daylight Saving Time By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Except for three slates, the nation will go on daylight saving lime at 2 a.m. Sunday. Hawaii, Arizona and Michigan will remain by local law on standard time while-most Ameri- cans turn their clocks ahead one hour. That, 'at least, is the general picture. But a few states are special eases, and Indiana is prob- ably the most special of all. Indiana is divided by a time zone line, with about half the counties in the eastern time zone and Ihe rest in the central zone. Come Sunday the line dividing the time zones will he shifted to the west, leaving only two pock- ets of six counties each, near Chicago and Louis- ville, Ky., in the central zone. .This means that in a large part of the state residents will push their clocks ahead one hour to conform with daylight saving time and another hour if their lime zone has been changed from central to eastern. Then there's Michigan. The federal Uniform Time Acl provides that a state must observe daylight saving time from 2 a.m. on the last Sunday in April until 2 a.m. on ;.he last Sunday in October, unless it exempts itself by stale law. Two years ago Michigan exempted itself. Last year, however, the state went back on daylight time when the exemption law was nullified by oe- titions which forced a referendum. In November, voters rejected daylight time, in effect reinstating the law, and putting the stale back on standard time. Michigan's Lower Peninsula lies in the eastern zone while the Upper Peninsula, a large but sparsely settled region, is in the central zone. Some of the eastern counties in the Upper Peninsula ignore the zone lines and keep their clocks set for eastern lime. Judging from a recent vote by county super- visors in the western part of the Upper Peninsula, persons there, too, prefer eastern time. So what will they do on Sunday? "They'll do whatever they damn said one source. both sides to adhere to the cease-fire and House Republi- can Leader Gerald R. Ford said the United States would never sell out Israel's interest in the big four talks. The State Department said Egypt's repudiation of the cease-fire "is retrogressive and can only increase tensions in the area." Tent Housing Indian Leaders Burns; No Injuries FARIDABAD, India (AP) Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and other government leaders escaped unhurt Friday morning when a huge tent housing the annual convention of the ruling Congress party went up ii flames. About delegates were in side the a re-foot en closure when the fire broke out near the speakers' rostrum at the opening convention session. Officials said there were no fatalities. Some persons were treated for minor burns. Mrs. Gandhi restrained a number of delegates from stampeding out of the tent, then fled through a nearby exit a few minutes before the rostrum was destroyed. Security officials escorted he: from the site as a precaution. Two fire engines rushed to the site within minutes, but their crews could not control the flames. First reports said a short cir cuit caused the fire. Congress party officials saic. they hoped to go ahead with the convention. While they were taking cover, the North Vietnamese comman- dos slipped through. Once in the camp, they began hurling hand grenades and dynamite bombs into thfe_ defenders' foxholes and firing bazooka-type rocket gre- nades that cut through the ar- mored personnel carriers. .Spokesmen said the size of the commando force was initially estimated at 30 men, but it like- ly was more. Two more American helicop- ters were shot down Thursday near the Laotian border in the northern half of South Vietnam, killing 'two Americans and wounding four. The weekly sum- mary of aircraft losses reported that helicopters had been lost in the war, an increase of 23 since last Friday. The summary also reported a total of fixed-wirig aircraft lost, an increase of 35 since last Friday. More enemy troops were re- ported withdrawing to South Vietnam's borders as the United States stepped up ils air attack with the heaviest bombing raids of the war. Military analysts said several enemy battalions that had been poised southwest of the ancient imperial capital of Hue were re- treating to bases along the Lao- tian border. Latest intelligence indicated the troop movements were part of a general with- drawal of North Vietnamese and Viet Cong units to Laotian and Cambodian sanctuaries, the analysts said. They attributed the withdraw- al to serious losses suffered dur- ing (he communist command's spring offensive rather than an effort to de-escalate the war. The troop movements also might be in preparation for an- other offensive, the analysts re- ported. "Captured documents men tion another offensive in the months to come, but nothing one source said. "This could be simply an effort to mo- tivate their own troops." RESIGNS Prime Min- ister Rashid Karami re- signed Thursday night as Premier of after two days of bloody clashes between ant i-government demonstrators and troops. Premier of Lebanon Says Quilting OKed BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP Premier Rashid Karami met to- day with President Charles Hel- ou and told newsmen afterward Helou had accepted his resigna- tion. Ha hedged when asked if the president would ask him to form a new Cabinet but urged that a coalition govern- ment be formed. Karami resigned Thursday night after four months in of- fice, saying the country was split over whether Lebanon should become a base for Arab guerrilla action against Israel. Karami was asked after hij visit to Helou if the president would tap him again. He re- plied: "The question (of Ihe guerril- las) is now more important than personalities. It concerns the fu- ture and fate of the entire coun- try. There must be cooperation between all persons." With the country (cnse after two days of rioting in which 18 persons have been killed and nearly 100 wounded, Karami told a special session of Parlia- ment that some persons advised him to give unqualified support to the Palestinian guerrillas. He said others warned such support would provoke Israeli reprisals. The rioters were mostly Pal- estinian refugees demanding that the government give full support to the Arab guerrilla or- ganizations which have been raiding Israel. Karami said he had tried to help the guerrillas without endangering Lebanon's f_ security. Despite pressure from the refugees in the coun- try, the government generally has tried to avoid involvement in the Arab-Israeli fighting. The crisis threatened to cause a major split between Leba- non's Moslem and Christian communities, which are roughly i- equal in size and divided the posts of political leadership ac- cording to a detailed formula. Karami, a 47-year-old Mos- lem, was serving his eighth term as premier. On the Inside: ST. controversial liquor pricing law reaches the House floor-a great triumph for its sponsor-Page 2A difference of opinion between blacks and whites over what integration means is a rpa] stumbling block to racial peace, reports former CORE chairman Floyd McKissick-Page 5A. WISCONSIN RACINE-The city council meets four Jiourj to hammer out recommendations to end the city's racial demonstrations 2A, MADlSON-The Joint Finance Committee approves a new University of Wisconsin medical 7A, ELSEWHERE MINOT, N.D.-Six striking Minot teachers went tc (all Thursday but also drew strong and vocal support from fellow strikers-Page 7A. WASHlNGTON-Scn. Edward M. Kennedy says that rank and file Democrats should have the greatest role In planned party reform-Page 2A.
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