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Winona Daily News (Newspaper) - July 12, 1967, Winona, Minnesota McNamara Hints at Better Use of Troops in Vietnam WASHINGTON (AP) Sec- wtary of Defense Robert S. Me- Namara kept secret today his recommendations on boosting U.S. troop strength it Vietnam, but hinted strongly at plans to get more combat power out of the forces already there. In advance of a luncheon with President Johnson at the White House, McNamara refused to disclose what measures he will propose as a result of his ninth on-the-spot checkup of the U.S. military effort in Vietnam. "I can't comment oa what additional troops, if any, will be the defense chief told newsmen who met him at drews Air Force Base, Md., where he arrived from Saigon just before midnight Tuesday. He refused flatly to give any idea about the course of the air war, saying "I never comment on future operations." The effectiveness of the bomb- ing hi North Vietnam was a prime topic during McNamara's conference with Gen. William C. Westmoreland, U.S. commander in Vietnam, and other key American military leaders there. McNamara re-stated what he said is a two-year-old policy this way: "What the military com- manders feel necessary to carry out the military operations that are required to meet our limited political objectives in South Vietnam will be sent." Westmoreland is reported to have asked for up to more fighting men. Present U.S. strength in Vietnam stands at Current Pentagon speculation centers on the possibility John- son will approve possibly two more division forces, totaling possibly men, spread over a period of months. Army officials said they could handle such an increase, and possibly even a bigger one, by increasing the draft rather than calling up reservists. The strongest possibility ap- peared to be the addition of one division force, totaling about 000 men, to plug gaps left by Army troops moving into the central highlands and the north- ernmost provinces to bolster other Army and Marine troops against serious North Vietnam- ese probes. One effect of this shift of men from the provinces around Sai- gon has been to reduce U.S. Army sweeps into Viet Cong held areas and thus permit some Viet Cong to return to sec- tors from which they had been driven. McNamara demonstrated a determination to get more fighting manpower out of U.S. forces already in Vietnam and, it appeared, out of the none-too-successful South Viet- namese forces. McNamara noted there are slightly over a million allied forces in Vietnam, including Americans, South Vietnamese and relatively small forces from South Korea, Australia and New Zealand and the Philippines. "There are large opportuni- ties for increasing the effective- ness of our existing McNamara said. "Clearly that must be one of our immediate objectives." Asked to elaborate on tbess points, the defense secretary spoke of "further opportunities for reducing the ratio of support to combat forces." This was a reference to the situation which finds many more behind-the-front troops (Continued on Page 4, Col. 7) MCNAMARA 4th Infantry Loses 35 in Valley Fight SAIGON (AP) Offensive pressure from North Vietnam- ese troops, which had seemed lately to be concentrated near the demilitarized zone, erupted violently today against two companies of the U.S. 4th In- fantry Division in the central highlands. A large detachment of Hanoi regulars pounced on an Ameri- can force totaling about 250 men in rain-swept jungles just north of the la Drang Valley. They killed 35 and wounded 26 in vi- cious, dose-quarters fighting. There was no immediate ac- counting of North Vietnamese casualties. Associated Press Correspond- ent Peter Arnett reported from Pleflra that the infantrymen had completed a survey of an area hit by B52 bombers Monday. They were on their way out when they came under heavy mortar, automatic-weapons and small-arms fire. The la Drang Valley, near the Cambodian border, was the site of the week-long battle between U.S. air cavalrymen and North Vietnamese regulars that cost heavy casualties on both sides in November 1965. Several ma- jor engagements have been fought in that area since. Intelligence officers had -re- ported that fresh North Viet- namese regiments were braced close to the frontier of Cambo- dia, which professes neutrality, during the present rainy season for anotherjiffart to wrest the highlands from allied control. American planes and shii carried the war to North Viet- nam again with air raids deep in Bed territory Tuesday and ship-to-shore bombardments far up the coast. Five Red MIG21s were reported sighted. The U.S. Command said they refused battle. Chrysler Next To Hear New DAW Demands DETROIT (AP) Walter P. Reuther takes to Chrysler Corp. today new contract demands ol his United Auto Workers union. They include profit sharing, with the threat of a strike to get it. Reuther's Chrysler visit is his third in as many days to mem- bers of automotive's Big Three, where current three-year pacts run out Sept. 6. He previonsly dropped on bar- gaining tables at General Mo- tors Corp. and Ford Motor Co., similar sets of what he de- scribes as the union's "longesi and most ambitious" list of de- mands. The profit-sharing goal came as a surprise Monday at Gener- al Motors. Reuther emphasizec this as "essential" to a peaceful settlement at Ford Tuesday. A guaranteed annual income previously had been given top billing among union goals. Under a guaranteed annual income plan, Reuther says a worker must know at the beginning of a year what his income for the next 12 months wUl be, any layoffs not with standing. On top of that, the DAW presi- dent disclosed as new bargain ing opened that the union wants bonuses based on profits at the end of the fiscal year, just as company executives get bonuses and stockholders get extra divi (lends. Reuther repeatedly has failed to gam profit sharing from the Big Three in past negotiations There have been no indications the companies are any more disposed to agree to it now. At a news conference preced ing his Tuesday visit to Ford Reuther emphasized his deter mination to get it this time. The UAW won profit sharing at American Motors Corp. in 1961, but except for the first two years, American, smallest o the automakers has had no prof its to share. 112th Ywr of Publication TOMORROW _ SUN RISES SETS NEW MOON JULY 17 WINONA, MINNESOTA 55987, WEDNESDAY, JULY 12, 1967 WINONA DAILY NEWS TWO SECTIONS Cooler Tonight, Low of 44-55; High Thursday 72-82 THIRTY-TWO PAGES Israelis Sink Egyptian Boats REFUGEE PILOT TELLS OF STALEMATE Report Congo Cannibalism GIANT-SIZED CANTEEN A U.S. Marine with a giant thirst drinks water from a five-gallon jerry can after returning from a long and dusty operation south of the de- militarized zone near Con Thien, South Vietnam. His M-16 rifle rests against his legs as he drinks. (AP Doves Paint Dark Picture If Viet War Intensified KIGALI, Rwanda (AP) A Congolese Cabinet minister today reported cannibalism of white settlers in the southeast ;ongo as a refugee pilot told of a stalemate between mutineers and loyal troops in Kisangani to the north. Interior Minister Etienne Tshisekedi told newsmen at Bu- jumbura, capital of Burundi, that Congolese had eaten several fhites in Lubumbasbi. He said he feared similar cannibalism might occur in Bukavu because of the mutiny there by white mercenaries and Katanlan troops loyal to ex-Premier Moise "shombe. Tshisekedi said he ordered a stop to "such barbarism and reprisals" in Lubumbashi, which as Elisabethville was capital of Catanga Province and Tshombe's former stronghold. "I am going to Bukavu where similar acts could take place, -----------------------------------all the more since the local lopulation is still furious igainst mercenaries who rou- tined there last he said. He said the situation was f air- y quiet in Lubumbasbi, but the Congolese population feared mercenary attacks. Lubum- >asbi escaped the mutinous uprisings that raged last week n Bukavu, 650 miles to the north, and in -Kisangani, the ormer Stanleyville. The Congolese embassy in 'aris issued a statement deny- ng that the interior minister said Congolese had eaten white people in Lubumbasbi. It insist- ed he said at Bujumbura only 'that some malicious acts had jeen committed by some Con- golese to foreigners." A Cuban-American pilot who escaped from Kisangani said a stalemate seemed to prevail Jhere with mutineers and loyal troops holding opposite banks of lie Congo River. The pilot for the Congo gov- ernment's airline, Francisco Alvarez, landed his bullet- scarred DCS at Kigali airstrip Monday night. He told Rwanda authorities he had escaped un- der heavy fire after being held :or five days by white merce- naries and troops from Katanga Province who mutinied after ex- Premier Moise Tshombe was kidnaped in the Spanish Balear- ic Islands and taken to Algeria. Alvarez, his French copilot, Georges Lagarrigue, and three passengers, a Belgian, a Span- iard and a Congolese, were jailed on demand of the Congo- lese Embassy on charges of stealing the plane. Alvarez told U.S. Embassy officials that about 150 Euro- peans, including 22 visiting lewsmen trapped in Kisangani jy the mutiny, were in a hotel under the protection of the mer- cenaries. WASHINGTON Wi Con- gressional critics paint a dark picture of increased taxes, price-wage controls and mobili- zation of reserves if President Johnson intensifies the Vietnam war. The doves are telling Johnson through Senate and House speeches that he also will be risking World War III if he pours in a huge complement of ground forces and expands the bombing of North Vietnam. The hawks, diverted at the moment by the alarms of possi- ble American involvement in African conflicts, are other- wise relatively silent while awaiting Johnson's decision af- ter he confers with Gen. Wil- liam C. Westmoreland and Sec- retary of Defense Robert S. McNamara. Both just returned from Vietnam. But Senate Republican Leader Everett M. Dirksen seemed to voice the general view of hawks that if Westmoreland wants more troops, he ought to have what he needs. Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield, who wants a renewed effort to reduce the present level of U. S. involve- met in the Asian war, cited the possible domestic effects of ex- panding the conflict. Mansfield told the Senate Tuesday that a third world war may be "already incubating in the ever-deepening and expand- ing struggle in Southeast Asia.'! He said every escalation thus far had failed to bring the con- flict nearer an end. "Before we take another sig nificant step deeper into Viet he said, "it is to be hoped that we will have asked ourselves at what point we in- tend to increase taxes, apply the wage and price controls, tighten the draft exemptions, cal! up the reserves and make the countless other adjustments in our national life which are im plicit in further extensions of the American involvement." Mansfield's estimate t h a Vietnam expenditures will rise to billion yearly brought a prediction from Sen. George D Aiken, R-Vt., that an increase of 18 to 20 percent in income taxes may be in the offing. No Comment on Protection for Hong Kong WASHINGTON (AP) State Department officials concerned about the rapid growth of vio- ence in Hong Kong will not comment on what understand- ings, if any, exist between the United States and Britain for defense of the crown colony off China. Legal authorities at the State Department make it clear there s no formal commitment by the United States to defend Hong Kong. But the extent to which there may be a private under- standing is not being disclosed. State Department press offi- cer Robert J. McCloskey was asked if there Is a U.S. policy in the event Hong Kong is attacked from the Chinese mainland. He said there is such a policy but its situation has not arisen and ie would not discuss it further. There are approximately Americans who are residents of Hong Kong and there is a so- called floating population of 000 to more Americans visiting there. McCloskey advised U.S. tour- ists Tuesday that it would be prudent to take into account the present turmoil before visiting he island. At this point there is no ban on travel there. Legal experts said that while there is no written understand- ing between the United States and Britain comparable to the defense treaty between the United States and Nationalist China, Hong Kong has been dis- cussed on a confidential basis. It is believed there was an exchange of views between President Johnson and British Prime Minister Harold Wilson on the subject during their meeting here last month. Sleep-Unease Middle age (says Angle Papadakis) is that period when even a good night's sleep doesn't help To- day's teen-agers are no worse than their parents were at the same and that's why the parents are so worried Isn't it strange how complaints about the slow delivery of mail fall off about the first of the month? Arnold Glasgow writes: "Some peo- ple sleep till noon, then com- plain that life is too short." (For more laughts see Earl Wilson on Page 4.) WRECKAGE REMOVED Israeli soldiers carry wreckage of an Egyptian plane that was shot down by Is- raeli antiaircraft gunners Tuesday in the Sinai Desert north of El Qantara. The plane, a Soviet-built Sukhoi 7 fighter- bomber, was one of two planes that crossed the cease- fire line and flew over Israeli troop positions on the east bank of the Suez Canal, an army spokesman said in Tel Aviv. (AP Photofax) ON MILITARY ACTS Congress Seeks Greater Voice WASHINGTON (AP) Con- gress wants a much greater voice in deciding whether U.S. military forces should be or- dered into new world trouble spots, members of two key Sen- ate committees told Secretary of State Dean Rusk. He met with them Tuesday to defend the dispatch of three U.S. military transports and MOTHER HELPED The aged mother of Hong Kong Police Constable Lam Po Wan is aided to the graveside at his funeral in Hong Kong today. Lam was slashed to death Sunday by Communist terrorists. In background are Hong Kong Police Commissioner E. Tyrer, left, and R. C. Small- shaw, aide to Governor Sir David Trench of the British crown colony. (AP Photofax) about 126 troops to the Congo, whose government is trying to overcome rebel mercenaries. "We don't wish to continue intervening here, there and ev- Chairman J. W. Ful- jright, D-Ark., of the Foreign Relations Committee c o m- mented in telling newsmen of h e congressional demand served on the administration. He also charged the adminis- tration's Congo decision was based on greatly exaggerated reports of dangers to Americans there. Fulbright said the experience of the initial involvement in Vietnam caused what he de- scribed as growing congression- al apprehension over the au- thority of the President to order U.S. military forces into trou- bled areas. He said Rusk seems unaware of this apprehension. In the future, Fulbright said, Congress wants to be in on the decision making. Consultation involves more than notifying congressional leaders of deci- sions already taken, the chair- man asserted. Bat Rusk, also commenting separately to newsmen after the two-hour, closed meeting with the committees, said, "some people have the impression we go around the world looking for business of this kind. The oppo- site is true." Rusk said earlier that con- gressional leaders were notified of the decision on sending aid to the Congo, but Fulbright said that was not the kind of con- sultation he had in mind. Rusk told the senators the help to the Congo was designed to show the people of that coun- try there was no white conspira- cy against their government and to provide it with logistic support. Moslems Will Ask Israel Be Censured UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) New fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces on land and at sea was reported today as angry Moslem diplo- mats at the United Nations worked on a resolution to cen- sure Israel for refusing to give up the Old City of Jerusalem. Israel announced that Israeli naval units sank two Egyptian torpedo boats Tuesday in the first naval clash between the two nations since the Middle East war last month. An Israeli army spokesman said the engagement occurred in the Mediterranean about IS miles off the occupied Egyptian town of El Arish when the Egyptian boats fired on a pa- trolling Israeli flotilla which in- cluded the destroyer Elath and two torpedo boats. The spokesman said eight Is- raeli seamen were slightly wounded. An Egyptian communique re- ported two clashes south of Is- mailia, midway on the Suez Ca- nal. Fighting began when Israe- li tanks on the east side of the canal opened fire, the Egyp- tians said. In the two ex- changes, two Israeli tanks and two armored cars were de- stroyed and one Egyptian tank was knocked out, the commu- nique added. The censure move led by Pak- istani Ambassador Agha Shahl overshadowed intense behind- he-scenes negotiations on other lossible resolutions as the Gen- eral Assembly prepared to re- sume its emergency session on the Middle East this afternoon after a one-week recess. No agreement appeared near on any proposal to break the assembly's tight deadlock on withdrawal of Israeli troops rom the territories of Egypt, Syria and Jordan occupied dur- ng the June war. Israel touched off the censure move Tuesday by informing Secretary-General U Thant that it was going ahead with meas- ures to unify the Israeli and 'ormer Jordanian sectors of Jerusalem despite the assembly resolution July 4 calling on Is- rael to rescind all measures which would "alter the status of Jerusalem." Israel has contended that its measures simply provide for administrative unity and could not be correctly described as annexation of the Old City. Whatever the term, Foreign Minister Abba Eban made clear to Thant that Israel had no in- tention of canceling the compre- hensive plans already in motion for health services, social wel- fare, education and protection of the holy places in the Arab sector. The resolution July 4 was sponsored by Pakistan and was adopted 99-0 with 20 abstentions. The United States abstained, although the Johnson adminis- tration had urged Israel not to annex the Old City. The assembly can condemn or censure Israel, but only the U.N. Security Council can im- pose penalties. One proposal under consideration was to have the assembly ask the council to implement the July 4 resolution. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST WINONA AND VICINITY Cooler tonight and little temp- erature change Thursday. Low tonight 44-45; high Thursday 72-82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. to- day: Maximum, 88; minimum, til; noon, 75; precipitation, none.
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