Friday, October 26, 1962

Winona Daily News

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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Winona Daily News (Newspaper) - October 26, 1962, Winona, Minnesota Considerable Cloudiness, Continued Cool TOMORROW SUN RISES SETStONEW MOON OCT. 28 WINONA DAILY NEWS iimj. v-.. Ywr of Publication' WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1962 TEN CENTS PER COPY _____ TWENTY PAGES Soviet Ship Boarded, Allowed to Pass Blast at High Altitude By MALCOLM BARB m By MALCOLM BARR HONOLULU United States exploded a submegalon nu- clear device at high altitude above Ihe Pacific early today. The flash briefly lit the ocean with a rain bow of red, green and blue for hundreds of miles. A Thor missile, which failed in three previous tries at the same test, carried the warhead to its firing height, estimated at 30 lo 40 miles. The booster apparently per. formed perfectly during its con- trolled flight to detonation. The nuclear device packed a wallop of between and' a U. N. TRIANGLE Representatives of the three nations involved in current crisis over So- viet missile bases in Cuba and th U S. blockade of the island are shown during a session of the U. N. Security Council. Dr. Mario Garcia-Inchau- slegni, left, Cuban delegate, and Soviet Foreign Minister A. Valerian Zorin, right, listen as U, S. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson, center, addresses Ihe council during the stormy session. (AP Photo- fax) U.N. Sets Up Negotiations To Ease Crisis By TOM HOSE UNITED NATIONS, N.y. (AP) Acting Secretary-Genera! U Thant met with representatives of (he United Stales today in- an ef- fort to set up ncgolialions lo end the Cuban crisis. He scheduled meetings 'later in (he day with So- viet and Cuban diplomats. Two top-ranking members of the permanent U.S. delegation (o the United Nations Ambassadors F c i s T.P. Plimpton and Charles W. Yost met with Thant in the absence of Chief Delegate Adlai E. Stevenson who had rushed to Washington for consul- tations. The first meeting took place at a.m. EOT in the 3Sth floor office of the secretary-general. Thant arranged lo see Soviet Dep- uly Foreign Minister Valerian A. Zorin at p.m. and Cuban Am- bassador Mario Garcia-Inchausle- gui at p.m. In Washington, Stevenson con- ferred wilh President Kennedy nnd attended a meeling of the 12- member execiilive committee oi Ihe National Security Council ai Khrushchev Seen Trying For Berlin Concessions million tons of TNT. It was the second most .powerful high-altitude explosion of the 1962 series. actual detonation occurred near Johnston Island, 750 mile: southwest of Hawaii. The bias was clearly visible there but in Honolulu it was a Short-lived flash of light. A reddish glow arched across the clear sky when the shot wen off a few seconds past midnigh Hawaiian lime. The color changcc to then gray-blue Then Ihe glow disappeared. The test was Ibe third high-alti lude success of the drawn-out op eration Dominic series which be gan April 25. The first was a Iher monuctear blast July 8 which ere ated a giant radialion bell in outer space and lit up the Pacific with dazzling array of color. The sec ond was a low-yield detonatioi last Friday. The fireball from (bat shot was visible in some parts of Hawaii. Four tries have failed three with the submegaton warhead and one witti a thermonuclear pack age. Malfunctions in the Thor caused each failure and rockets and warheads had to be destroyed without nuclear delonations. Postponed two days by technical (roubles, Thursday night's shot went off hours late but was still well within the five-hour span scienlisls allowed for Ihe test. Four holds delayed the firing. By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON IAP) Soviet Premier Khrushchev may have ordered construction of "missile bases in Cuba as parl of a Krem- lin plot to put President Kennedy under a surprise threat of nuclear war in an attempt to force U. S. concessions on Berlin. This possible strategic purpose for the sudden and unexplained installation of Soviet nuclear mis- siles 90. miles from the United Slates is being given serious con- sideration in official quarters here. tt is one of the reasons why authorities are sticking grimly to their conviction that while the first phase of (he Cuban crisis has been on the naval blockade front a second and po- tentially far more serious phase is yet to come. As lo the nature of the second phase there are-two possibilities in speculation. One is that Khru the White House Moscow Radio announced the Soviet Union's slralegic rocket troops have been ordered on a state of increased combat readi- ness. Krasnaya Zveida (Red Ihe defense ministry newspaper, said: "The unprecedented aggres- sive actions of U.S. ruling circles toward Ihe Cuban republic and other slates could not hut provoke retaliatory measures from the So viet government." Premier Khrushchev's condi- tional acceptance of Tbanl's ne- gotiation proposal was seen by Western dip'.omals in Moscow as preparation for him to appear before Ibe United Nations. Tiiey said he also apparently had di- rected Soviet ships carrying arms to lurn hack from Cuba. U.S. strategists believed the cli- max of (he crisis was slill lo come wild Ihe issue up lo the Kremlin whether Ihe solution would be military or peaceful. As Ihe peace efforls focused on the United Nations, demonslra- lions for and againsl the U.S, blockade continued around (he world. Western Europe's newspapers greeted wilh relief the willingness of the United Stales and the So- viet Union to talk. But many feared the crisis may smoulder (or weeks. Than! announced he would hold separate Inlks wilh (he United States, the Soviet Union and Cnba, beginning loday with U.S. Ambassador Adlai E. StcvcnW Stevenson Indicated to newsmen he would insist on proof (hat Soviet arms shipments lo Cuba will cease and Ihe Soviets will hnll Ihe crcclion of missile bases in Cuba i[ (he Ibree nalions agree (o meet at Ihe negotiating table, Wintry Weather Moves Into East By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Midwintry snow and cold poured double trouble on seclions of the Northeast today. Snow reached a depth of 8 inches in Ghent, near Akron, Ohio 6 inches in Twinsburg; and 2 to 4 inches in some of Cleveland's suburbs. U.S. 21, the main route between Cleveland and Akron, became blocked at a.m. wilh between and vehicles on Ibe road. Snow removal equipment was trapped in the snarl. Five Iractor-trailers jackknifed in a 25-mile-long traffic tieup. Several schools closed. With winter almost two months away on the calendar, snow in Michigan measured 11 inches in Cassopolis, 8, in Van Buren and Paw Paw, and 4 in Allegan. Up to fi inches of snow accu- mulated in mountain sectors of Pennsylvania. Snow fell in many parts of New England. U was light in most districts, but amounted to about inches in Worcester, Mass. Light snow blended with wilh lemperatures close to freez- ing in northern New Jersey. New York City had its first snowfall of Ihe eighth time on record lhat snow fell in October there. "One of the coldest outbreaks of polar air ever seen in Octo- that's Ihe way the Weather Bureau described il shattered many long standing temperature records east of the Mississippi River. The autumn freeze reached down lo the, middle of Gulf Coast stales. Among new lows for (he dale were 19 above zero in Molinc and Peoria, 111., 25 in Pittsburg, 23 in Columbus, Ohio, and 33 at the Charleston, S.C.; Airport. Minima elsewhere included: Lone Rock and Park Falls Wis II, International Falls, Minn., la' Cincinnati 19 and Birmingham' Ala., 30. There was an indication of some relief from Ihe cold in the- .Mid- west. Temperatures moderated in (he Plains states as Ihe cold air mass, fanned hy southerly winds, shchev is intent on forcing showdown' with the West over Berlin and may go through with his main plan in spile of the dis- closure of Ihe Cuban missile buildup. The oilier is that the U.S. government is determined that Ihe missiles must be removed from Cuba and the bases demol ished. The for a frantic diplomatic search peaceful way out of the crisis, centered at Ihe United Na- lions, is so far liltle more than a lull in the diplomatic storm which broke over Ihe world Mon- day night. A defense spokesman reports that Soviet missilemen and mili- tary of whom Ihere are an estimated on the Caribbean are still work- ing at top speed to complcle Ihe bases and get whatever missiles are available to them in place. The naval blockade force which President Kennedy set in motion Monday has proved an effective barrier lo the introduction of more missiles inlo the island but the U.S. aclion has not evidently put a halt to Ihe Soviet activities already under way Ihere. The question <A why the Soviet government sel out on such a radical new course in its cold war stralegy, carrying a clear increase in (he danger of nuclear war, is a source of inlense sludy among experts and policy makers for it may give clues to future Soviet behavior. One point on which aiilhorilies seem agreed is that Ihe Ihrusl of Sovicl nuclear striking power into must tht Western lleifirsphere represent a basic Soviet moved eastward. policy decision made much ear- lier Ihis year. The indication is that the decision called for a swilch lo a much more aggres- sive slralegy with much grealer reliance on military power (o serve Moscow's expansionist pur- poses in Ihe world. First Boarding Party From Destroyer Joseph P. Kennedy Men From.Destroyer Pierce in FirU Boarding Party INTERCEPTED SHIP This was the SS Ben II. Miller when launched by Bethlehem Steel in 1943. Lloyd's Registry o! Ships says Ihis ship now is the freighter Marucla, which the U S Navy slopped, boarded and inspected (oday. The Soviet-chartered ship was bound for Cuba. The man for whom Ihe ship originally was named was a reporter for the Baltimore Evening Sun killed in a plane crash in 1942. (AP Photofax) WRANGLING AT HEARING Solon Demands Truth on Cuba WASHINGTON Several il (the Cuban sitiialion) is exactly Dnublirnns rwkMrtvt it.. registered criticism and Dernocrals countered -vilh charges of polilicn! wrangling al icrrct briefings for congressmen ml governors on Ihe Cuban block- ide. "it was something of a ral said Sen. Joseph S. Clark, )-Pa., after Thursday's sessinn in New Vork City, nut biparlisnn upport was noted, loo, in this meeling and olhcrs in Fort Worth, Tc.v., Atlanta and Chicago. The sessions sverc conducted hy De- fense and Slate Department ofli- cials. A note of controversy marked the tilth and l.iil meeting in San Francisco today even before it got off the ground. Rep. Thomas M Pclly, said he was pass- ing up the session because "1 will not expose myself lo more Stale Department propaganda.'1 "When I get briefed. I want the 1 truth, not Iramiuilizcr treat- KALAMAZOO The Kalarnazoo (Mich.) area became an autumn winter wonderland as snow piling up to from 8 to 12 inches in rieplh, (ell on (he area. Traffic, particularly on hills, was snarled hy slippery streets anl hundreds of" molonsls wore making emergency Insinuation o. anli-frccM as the mercury dipped to 17 degrees in Ihe outlying areas. MP Photofox) 1 V II IIUI- Pdly said in .1 .statement Thursday. "In Ihe future, when I want infcrmalion and an intelli- gence ronorl, I shall go to our DC. fcnsc Doparlmenl, not our Deport- ment of Stale." New York's Republican Gnv, Nelson A. Ilockcfcller-a possible candidate for (he presidency in a bipartisan note when he told newsmen: "I Ihink the way (he President described it three nighls ago. I don't sec how the President could have pul il more But New Jersey's Democratic Oov. Ilichard ,1. Hughes said (hat there was a "deplorable undcrcur- rcnl of polillcal questions" at Ihe conference.. And Clark said it "was constantly interrupted hy Republi- cans making belligerent speeches and arguing wilh the officials." A Republican conlcrce, Hep. Steven Ucrounian of New York reported that "alter the briefing Ihis morning I think our whole in- lelligcncc setup needs a Ihorough overhauling. We know less (ban should. We certainly don't have the informalion." A conflicting view was ex- pressed after (he Chicago session by Itcp. Henry S. Kcuss, IJ-Wis. The briefing for senators, rcpre- senlnlivrs and governors from 14 central slalcs represented a "first class job of intelligence hy Amer- ican intelligence agencies" he said. ths [rutting jot under way Gov. N'ortnan A. Erlit of jowa, a Republican, commented: We should have had a definitive plan on Cuba a year ago, nnd wouldn't be having (his (rou- ble now." CostofLivng Climbs, Highest In Four Years WASHINGTON cost of living climbed six-tenths of one per cent in September, the largest increase in more than four years. The increase was due primarily to a jump in meat prices following a withholding action hy farmers in Midwestern areas who refused to senr) meat animals to market. The Labor Department's con- sumer price index bad held steady during August at Ihe record level set in July. But the September index rose to 105.1 per cent of the 1357-59 average. Kwan Clngue, commissioner of :hc Bureau of Labor Satisfies, said (he major parl of the rise was due lo temporary or seasonal faclors. He cilcd the farmers' withhold- ing of livestock from market and seasonal increases in the prices of eggs and clothing. Clague said the meat situation lad changed by mid-October, with wholesale prices dropping (o about (heir August level and retail iriccs being reduced hy about half Ihe September increase. Clague said it was loo early to ell whether the Cuban crisis will lave any effect upon Ihe cost of iving. However, he added, there s no reason why it should, be- cause (here no shortages in he United Stales. Instead, he said, there is ovcrsupply in almost all arcns. w Air Force Launches Atlas-D Missile VANDENDEIIG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. Air Force loday launched a big Allas-D in- ercontmcntal ballistic missile from Ihis rocket ami missile base U was termed a routine irainine aunch. The Air Force announced plans 'or (ho launch because, as a spokesman said: "We didn'l want anyone in the area to sec it go up and Ihink it Tnighl have anything lo do wilh Iho Cuban situation." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST WINONA AND VICINlTY-Con- iiiler.ible cloudiness tonight nnd Saturday. Ixiw tonight 28-34, high Salurriny 48. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for Ihe 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Max- minimum, 18; noon, 34; precipitation, none. AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) Max. temp. 36 at noon, min. 18 at 5 a.m., sky overclouded nl feel, visibility 12 miles, wind calm, barometer 30.25 nnd falling slowly, percent Men From Two Destroyers Inspect Cargo BULLETIN WASHINGTON W) _ A Department spokesman said today "further action will justified" If offensive military preparations in Cuba continue. Press officer Lincoln declined to speculate on just what the United States might oo. However, officials said sur. veillance discloses that tha work of building missile sires in Cuba is continuing. White House press secretary Pierre Salinger said may have statement later in the day en activity at missile in Cuba. WASHINGTON (AP) _ A U.S. Navy party boarded a Russian- chartered Lebanese freighter to- day, and reported more than two hours later thai no offensive wea- pons material was aboard. The freighter, Marucla, was permiiicd to sail on for Havana with cargo described as 12 trucks, sulpher, paper rolls, and pnrls for trucks. Assistant Secretary of Defensa Arllmr Sylvester laid a news con- ference (hat the. Navy hart re- ceived a message saying that ths boarding parly was returning to the destroyer Joseph p. Kennedy at a.m. The message reported that "no prohibited ma- terial" has been found on board. The menage said alf the Mar- ucla's papers were in order and the boarding party hart obtained a copy of (he cargo manifest. "Cargo 12 trucks deck loaded the message said. "All holdj loaded to capacity. No passen- gers." The slopping o( the Marucla was the second interception an- nounced and the first reported hoarding by the Navy since it clamped a quarantine on Commu- nist arms shipments to Cuba Wednesday morning. Marocla, which Sylvester said was listed in Lloyd's Shippino Registry as ji British-owned World War II Liberty ship, was given permission to proceed on a course for Havana. The vessel reportedly flies a Lebanese flag. The boarding parly, of undis- closed size, went aboard the Mar- ucla at a.m. (EST) 180 miles northeast of Nassau in the Ba- hamas. Sylvester said that the destroyer John li. Pierce set out at 2 p.m Thursday to intercept Ihe Mar- ucla, assisleri by tracker air- planes. The Pierce made conlact about p.m. Thursday and was joined by the destroyer Joseph P Kennedy after midnight. The Ken- nedy was named for Uie Presi- dent's brother, a Navy flier killed In World War fl. During the rest of th. night, th. Marucla beaded on a south south- west course at 12 knots, Sylvester sairj. The freighter informed the Pierce that she had a cargo of sulphur, paper rolls, and truck parts tfta rucla by about two miles under orders to stop her and ward at first light. Sylvester, st a.m.. said Ihe boarding parly was still aboard and (hat the first message from the scene read: ".Party aboard Marucla at 6-50 a.m. Cooperation good, No diffi- culties expected." Sylvester totri a news conference that "until boarding party re- turns after looking at the mani- fest, inspecting cargo and inter- rogating (he personnel we cannot be sure of Ihe composition of tbo cargo." The Marucla is a Lebanese-Has! ship, built in 1943 with a length of W (cct, it beam of 57 feet and 27 fool draft. Sylvester said sba sailed from Riga, in Communist- conquered Lai via on the Baltic Sea, under charter to the Soviet government. The boarding, parly was com- manded by Lt. Cmdr. Dvvigbt G. Oshornc of East Pettcrson, N.J., and Lt. Cmdr. Kenneth C. Rey- nolds ot Coronado, Calif. Osborne ij executive officer of Ihe Pierce nnd Reynolds executive officer of :he Kennedy. The Pierce is skippered by "mdr. .lames Fotist of Greens- burg, Pa., and the Kennedy by Cmdr. Nicholas M. Mikhalevsky of Slfllcn Island, N.Y. The first ship lo be intercepted was (he Soviet tanker Bucharest bill she was not boarded and was allowed to proceed for Cuba after the Navy had checker! her hatch work from afar to determine (hat she was a legitimate tankor and (Ccnlliwd on Page 1, Col. SI SOVIET SHIP