Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard, February 15, 1877

Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard

February 15, 1877

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Issue date: Thursday, February 15, 1877

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Publication name: Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard

Location: Albert Lea, Minnesota

Pages available: 35,507

Years available: 1870 - 1929

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Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard (Newspaper) - February 15, 1877, Albert Lea, Minnesota Enterprise HEAL ESTATE AGENCY. WK ye of sule, farms in rywu n this county. TERMS to suit everybody. LOW prices, long nnd a low rale of intiTMt. IF you dssire to buy a farm, call on UB IP you have farm or lands to sell, cull on ai. OUR, facilities for buying and selling examining mid perfecting tiilcs, urt unequaled, wo have ABSTHVUlb, TRANtfKKR.S, and PL VTS of every piece land in thin county. Star if 9f Tyrer, Albert Minn. April 25, 1876. Boots ami Shoes. Boot Shoe Store. O. TV. I- H.v. ju.t received and will keep in slock the Assortment of Boots Shoes of all kinds To be found in town. CUSTOM MADE Four or workmen will be constantly orders for New Good, jr for Repairs will filled, and on the shortest notice went Albert Lea, Minn. 8kf GIVE THEM A CAI-L. Maker and Repairer of Boots Shoes. S Shop on Clark street, north oppo- of Wedge Spioor's Drug nlorc. FIRST-CLASS WORKMEN employed. done to order, cheap find on notice. Gi-9 him ft cull. 87tf Albert Lea, Minn. HAS REMOVED THE OLD PIONEER MEAT-MARKET! On nide Broartwny, first cinor south of THE PEOPLE'S STOKE. WITH INCREASED FACILITIES FOIf DOING BUSINESS, HE I'KO- POSES TO GIVE BETTER SATISFACTION! THAN EVER BEFORE. for Hides, Tallow, MEAT MARKET WILLIAM TUNELL Again calls attention to his FINE MEAT MARKET, be found at nil times, choice cuts of Beef, Porle, Mutton, Sausage, fyc. Alia FISH, POULTRY, WILD GAMK in thnir ieaaon BROADWAY, near Armstrong's V.nnk- ALBKRT LKA. IIINN. SIXTY ACRES of good farming lands, 25 aeron nf which uru improved, in the (own of Albert Leu, only four miles from Tillage, and henntifiilly situated near the Will he sold ciicnp, and on terms to suit purchaser. on or address JOHN ANDKHSON, Office orer Wedge Wulfsburg's store. HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE, in Tillage of Albert Lea. A beautiful location, and a good and convenient dwell- ing, will be sold chcnp. JOHN ANDERSON. Office over Wed-re Wulfsburg's store. FLOUR, FEED, GBOCEBY WARREN BUEL, (Successor to J. T. Green Door South of the People's Store. Whero the FLOUR, CORN MEAL, GRAHAM, BUCKWHEAT FLOUR, OATH, CORN, BKAN, FEED aan ba had. AUo Confectionery, Tobacco, Cigars, Tea. Butter, and Vegetables which will soW the lowest living prices. Farm produce sold on commission. voll9no473itf If you want circulars, If you want handbills, If you want envelopes, If you, want business cards. If you want neat bill-headR, If you want tasty letter-heads, If you want nice If you want any kind of job work, 4 ordors at TUB Office FOft Scholarship in the Madison Business College. A former of Frceborn county is one of the the proprietors of this institution. The scholarship will be sold on favorable terms. to I- BOTSTORP. VOLUME 17. Photographs. 1 SO.T5 S. S. EDWARDS H O TOORAP H E S Broadway, opposite Postoflficc, ALBERT LEA MINN. MSfttfkers. H. D. BBOWX. D. R. F. H. D. BROWN CO.'S BANK OF ALPERT LEA, ALBERT LEA, MINNESOTA A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS TRANSACTED. H. D. BROWN CO. BANKERS. SEFEBENCES: Ut Nat. Bunk. Austin. Ink Nat. Bauk, HI. 3d Bank. Chicago. 4th Nat. Now York. eoiiXTY Thos. II. AKMSTR.ONU, Bnnkor. ALBERT LEA. MINN, Stray A. H.SQUIEU. CITY EXPRESS DRAY LINE. Deals in IIAHD and SOFT COAL. Also Seasoned Wood. Orders lofi on the slate at Lincoln Brot attended to at once ill in cry. MRS, C, S. WARREN Milliner Dressmaker, [Successor to Mrs. C. Will open n fine new stock of Millinery and Fancy Goods, Ties, Cuffs, Collars, A full line of Worsteds, Lumars Patterns, Doing over Felt bats a specialty. Fashionable Dress-Making done in die vorjr best manner. Four doors iouth of the People's Store. Apprentice Girls wanted. ft If you want to get Wonted, Filling Silk, Worsted Needles, or Notions, you will find them at MRS. RICHAEDS' old stand, chtaper than at any other place in town, for she has just receitcd a freih slock of the aborn mentioned articles, and the line of goods will be kept full daring t ho season. MILLINERY AT UNUSUALLY LOW PRICES. 46tf TRIMMED HITS FOR ONE DOLLAR AT MRS. JOHN STAGE'S MILLINERY STORE! ALBERT LEA, MINN. HIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR and Gents' Chains from same made to order. Also Ladies' Switches, anil all other work ill that line. TERECIA ANDERSON, FASHIOABLECLOAK-DRESS-MAKER OTOT Spioer-s Drug Store, AbBBRT LKA, Minn. per Aero ImprovedFarm Fine farm of ItiO acres ;'100 lores now plowed rcti'ly for -crop tame meattotc living springs. Good fence around the entire farm. Good house, "tables, Post-office across the road, with niuil. School house 100 yards from the door. Albert Lea in full view, 2] miles distant, whore everything that heart can wish is for txetpt I WEDGE J11BBS, Agents, Albert Lea, Minn. March 22. 1876. 12 Lea, Minn. llf ALBERT LEA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1877. NUMBER 7 FBEEBORX o PUBLISHED BY HUT Terms, For Tear, In Advance, 00 BATM3 OF ADYKUTISINO. inch inch inch inch inch col col I col 10.00 1.00) 1.50 1.751 2.50 n 2.50 3.25 4.0U 4.50 6.50 3.50 4.50 5.50 5.25 8.50 13.00 4 w 3 in 2.50 4.50 3.50 6.00 7.00 5.50 10.00 12.00 14.00 22.00 30.00 7.00 12.00 18.00 6 m G.OO 8.60 9.00 16.00 18.00 22.00 30.00 50 00 10.00 13.50 2000 30.00' 50.00 '90.00 OFFICERS OF FREBBORN COUNTY COCKTT COMMISSIONERS Thoreson. W. W. Johnson. J. M. Oeissler. Jame> H. Gozlee. Ole Hnnson. Kittelson. Batchelder REGISTER OF Peterson. Consrv A. Lovely. J. Sheelian. DEPUTV Larson. CI.KRK or W. White. PBOBATK Gulbrnndson. SCHOOL Thurnton. COUNTY G. Kellar. Froshaug. COURT B. Spicer. DR. A. H. STREET, OFFICE, OVER THE DRUG STORE, South of Post Office, Albert Lea, Minnesota. OR. DE M. CRANDALL, 1 I "JL" Office OTer A. E. Johneon'i store, Broad- way, Albert Lea. Physicians. PHYSICIAN 1 SURG10N. omec and Residence up Stain over the Post offlee. ALBERT LEA, MINN. r> C ECLECTIC PHYSICIAN ANDSURGEON TWIN LAKE CITY, MINN., Will treat nil diseases to which mankind ii subject, to the best of his ability. Dr. Rowland 1ms made a specialty of diseases of Women and Children, and chronic diseases nf long standing. By long exparicncc and strict attention to his profession, licii con- of treating all curable with success. Obstetrical cases treated with and success. Consultionut tree, lo Lawyers A' JLana Ji.. LOVEI.T. JAUZH H. LOVELY PARKER, in Ilewitt'g Block, up stairs 1 st door. ALBERT LEA, ---.._ MIN E. O. BTAOT. A. M. STACY TYRER, (torneys at Law, Notaries Public, Real Estate and Collecting Agents. CONNEYANCING all kinds adcurately done, acknowledg- ments taken oaths administered, Taxes paid. Titles investigated, Lands bought and sold. Particular attention paid to collection. Corner Clark and Newton Sts., Albert Lea BLACKMER, H, A. IV r> i LAEBT LKA, A. K MINN. JOHN ANDERSON AND NOTARY PUOIJC Office over Wedge Spicer'n Drug Store, ALBERT LEA, MINN. Hotels. HALL HOUSE W. G. FOSTER, Proprietor. Albert Lea, Minn. JERLOW NARVESON, Albert Lea, Minnssota. DEALRB8 IX DRY GOODS, HATS CAPS, CROCKERY GLASS-WAKE, STONE WOODENWARI, GROCERIES, SPICES, SARDINES, CONFECTIONERY, And in fact ererything usually kept in a country store. We keep constantly en hand a first class variety of voU6n474itf JOHN M. MARTY. PURVEYOR CIVIL ENGINEER, ALBEET LEA, MINN. r'Jeia -n-ith Stacy Xyrcr. STOLES PEUIT. room at of i 'riouse wilh windows lhat opened a few- inches ooljr, and let very little of the-wretched air of the crowded street, into as poor a room as ever poor woman tried to keep clean. It had not the immaculate spotlesa- DCHS of the traditional bouic of poverty of the Sunday-school books, but thut I believe to be a fable nud do what the owner could, the smell of cubbage, which the good German housewife down stairs was cooking, and the smell of thu pipe, which the irishman on the nest floor was comforting his soul in, would min- gle with the perfume of the drains. which the owner thought would do very well, if the Board of Health never no- ticed them, and uiuke the room any- thing but fresh, and sweet, and pure, whenever the door was opened. However, (ho poor creature bad swept and dusted, and scrubbed up the place before daylight, and she bad made her soup and gruel, and had left her sick little girl to the care of a brother two years was only had gone to-hef long day's duties at the factory. To neglect them would be to have no room or gruel next week, for she must be mother and father both to her chil- dren, not that her sailor-husband hnd gone down at sea with the wreck of the Esmeraldu." All day long shs worked her body in the factory, and her heart in the little room where now, in the baking heat of the red-hot noon-tide the little girl lay tossing and turning on her pillow, and the little boy sat beside her. repressing his boyish longings to be off into the street, for love of his sick sigier. I he Raid, staling his 6rtn conviction, for he had never had enough to eat in all his life I think, sis. if you could cut the rest of the gruel you'd feel and he pressed it upon her, holding the bowl in one hand and the spoon in the other. Do now try to cat it, Kitty." No, no paid the pirl. No, I hate it. I want something nice and I I had Jtojonsde. If i had lemonade, I think I should {jet well right away. Oh, I wish I had lemon- ade Mother will get you some when i she comes said the boy. She said the girl. She won't have any money until Saturday night. Oh. dear 1 wish I was rich I'd have a great pitcher of lemonade, and drink, and drink, and drink But it's no wishing, and she turned her flushed little face upon the pillow, and burst out with And such lots of lemons in the gro- cery down stairs At this juncture poor little feverish Kitty besun to cry. In imnginalion she saw the long basket piled to the rim with the yellow fruit which nature taught her would do her so much good, and the tears came at the thought that whfle there were so mnny sho could riot have one. The sight of these tears was more than Tom could bear A thought oamc into his mind that had never been there before. cry, he said. I'll be back in a and ran out of the room, down stairs, and out of the side door of the house. lie meant to ask the grocer to trust hiui to a lemon, ind then to earn the pennies to pay for it somehow But there at the aide-deor stood Mr. O'Brien with an exasperated countenance, hold- ing a slato covered with figures with his left hand, and emphasizing his remarks with his forefinger. That's the way we grocers ruin our- said he, trusting every one that COOK'S along. No, Mrs. Conner, I can't. It's oath with me hereafter. No more trust. Didn't you see the card with the poetiy on. it I've hung over the counter No is on it, as your own eyes can see. It's not you particular, but it's everybody that I say No Trust' to.'' After that what could Tom do? He couldn't beg for one; beside, he knew he shouldn't get it. But there he stood beside the lemon basket, so that ho could smell the de- lightful odor of the fruit, so that, by putting out his hand, ne could touch it, and no one was looking, or he thought so, and the vision of his little sister tossing on her pillo w was before bis eyes, and the temptation of opportunity fell upon him at the same time, and Well, the next minute each of his hands held two big lemons. As well be hung for the old sheep as a lamb, and he was about to plunge them into his pucket-s, Catch him Cntuh him, the thafe of the world cried the groeer's wife from behind the counter, and out flew the away flew Tom. The lemons bobbed up and down in hi? pockets, and his heart bobbed up and down in his breast, nnd he ran very fast, but after him came those whi) could run faster. The grocer, a lithe, long-limbed, ac- tive man, a of them. Very soon all tho rag-tag and bob- tail of the river-side street; and the cry of stop thief! wus taken from the grocer's mouth by the crowd, so that soon he had no need to bellow it himself, and save his lungs for running. Let no one blame the grocer; ho knew nothing about the sick child up- stairs. All he saw was a well-patched, able- bodied boy making off with so much profit in the shape of four lemons. His dealings were with poor people, and there was nothing in this rifler of his basket and bis store to touch his hoart particularly. If you were a you know how aggravated was, and what just cause he thought he had for following that fly'ng figure with purposes of vengeance. And the boy was a thief. The chase lasted a little while, con- sidering all things but it ended at last. Tom tripped over a curb-stone and came to the ground. Ife iras liftad b'y his eoliar, ind frota pockets were taken the great yellow lentous. Tha finest in the lot, the young devil! cried the grocer. And now there was nothing to do but to choke down his sobs a- he was led to the station house. H-e had no idea of excusing himself by mentioning his sick sister. He was a son of Adam, but he was not so mean as his forefather. If he had eaten (he apple he never would have mentioned Little h'c knew who brought up the rear of that lone procession that turned out to see him caught. Kitty, lying in btd, heard the noise of the pursuit, and had risen to her knees and thrust her head from the narrow window just at the moment when Tom started on his hopeless race She knew in a moment what had happened. She knew had stolen some lemons for her. She remembered seeing them her words And aucb a lot of lemons in the shop down stairs." Why had she uttered them 7 And now what could she do but fol- low them and tell the truth, and ask them to punish her, not Tom She had not been uble to stand on her little feet for many days, but now the brief strength of fever wux upon her, and she found herself making her way, barefooted in little nightgown, down the stairs and into the street. The station well-patronized institution in the very near. Into its doors, between its great gap- lamps, marched the officers and their prisoner, and the procer, and all thft ragmuffins, who were at once driven bick. They crushed and crowded away fure tho flourish of clubs, and Kitty was pressed against the wall. She was almost too small to be seen, and six sailors, part of the crew of the Peter Potter." who had been called upnn to give evidence in the case of comrade who had been beaten to jelly by the mate during the voyage and were slowly filing out. never noticed her but the seventh, a tall, robust man of forty, paused and stooped down and said Well, little lass, what is the mat- ter 1 Oh, everything Baid Kitty. Oh, please, please, don't hurt him please don't. I said there were lots of lemorre in the shop, and he took them for me, because I was sick. Please do it (o me, whatever gets done with thieves Please, he's my brother." It's the boy who was ju.nt taken in yonder, you mean asked the sailor. Yes, brother said Kitty and they won't let me in, and I fuel RO queer." And the sailor bending over her, lifted Tier in his arms. You are ton sick to be in the street, he said, and strode into the building again, and there in the great room before the fittest and whitest, headed old gentleman she had ever seen, stood Tom and the grocer. Sure, and Your Honor Bees said the grocer, holding out the lemons. Four great beauties, and saw him tnke them with my own two eyes." Kilty's head was swimming, and she wan as cold us she had been hot now. but high and shrill her baby voice arose It was for me he took them. I cried, 1 was so hot. I paid there were lemons in the shop. Please, please, do it to me, whatever it is." Tom turned, saw his little sister, and for the first time broke down and cried; but through his tears he managed to sob She don't know. She's not much but a baby. I guess the fever has got into her head. She's got nothin' to do with it." Now, if I might speak Your Hon- cried the sailor. But you said the Justice of the Pea30. "Who are you? This child's guardian I just happened to be going began the sailor. Then keep your finger out of the said His Honor. I'll pay Mr. Grocer for his box of lemons, if he'll let the lad persist- ed the sailor. Hold your tongue, sir cried the Justice. Do you make a charge against this boy, Mr. Grocer But at that moment a little tremb- ling figure ran into the room. The mother of the children, who had come homo earlier than usual from tho factory, work being slack, -'and had heard the'awfnl news of her boy's ar- rest, and had misfed her sick girl. It's mother I cried Kitty. It's mother And it seemnd to her that all must be right now. But Tom crouched low for shame. He knew he wns a thief; and what hnd his mother told him abont kcepiiiir the laws of mnn nnd God. and being honest if ever so poor 7 How he must shame her! The grocer looked at her alsa in com- punction. The a dacent said he, ''and pays for what she gets. A daeent, respectable woman." But then and there, before the very eyes of the whole court, the decent, re- spectable woman pave a wild, plad cry, and flung her arms about the sailor, who, in bis (urn, pressed her to his heart. Tom first amazed, next turned furi- ous, and doubled both his small fists. But Kitty, with her baby woman's instinctive comprehension, saw at a glance what it would have taken hours to have explnined to Tom, nnd cried I guess-its father come back from sen." She gurssed right. It was the old story of desert years of anx- ious waiting, and the sailor had made search for bis wife and children since his return. And thus quoerly had they all been brnrignVCogether again. In consideration of all theu circum- stances, the grocer refused lo make uuj charge against Torn, and he vtas set free. to FarmwB. A bare pasture enriches not the soil, nor fattens the animals, nor increases the wealth uf the owner. One animal well fed is of more value than two poorly kept. Tho better animals can ba fed, and the more comfortable they can be kept, the mora profitable they all farmers work for profit. Ground once well plowed is better than thrice poorly. Make the soil rich, pulverize it well. and keep it clean, and it will generally be productive. Cows well fed in winter give more milk in summer. An ox that is in good condition in the spring will perform more labor, and stand heat of sum- mer much better than one that is poor When you see the down put it it remains until to-morrow, the cattle may get over. What ought to be done to-day, do it. for to-morrow it may rain. A strong horse will wurk all day without food, but keep him at it, and he will not last long. A rich eoil will produce good crops without manure, but will soon tire. Anarch) in South America. The United States of Columbia, in South America, are just BOW the theater wherin are enacted all the horrors con- sequent upon a State of internecine strife. The city which has been re- cently subjected to pillage and its de- fenseless inhabitants delivered to the merciless hands of a brutal and drunken soldiery, is Cali, in tb.9 State of Cauca The country is one of the richest and most fertile of all the Columbian States, and the fields and farm houses ofthe interior afford evidences of the industry, wealth, and intelligence of the inhabitants. The city of Cali is ono of the richest and most populous of the State, is possessed of elegant churches and residences, and the center of con- cidcrable foreign ami domestic trade The details have reached us of the sack- ing of this fair oily, and the horrors en acted have their parallel only in ihe butcheries ot the barbarous ages. The Liberal General Pens, who was drunW when the city was captured, eave his equally drunken soldiers five liberty, and the manner in which they gave themselves up to every excess detailed in a letter, from which we ex- tract the following ''Crowds of furiis in the shape of women of the lowest class, in many cases with their offspring at their heels, swarmed in the streets hounding on the excited mob to break down all doors not immediately thrown open. All houses were bedizened with red rags, shawl, handkerchiefs, table- covers, everything bearing distinctive colors of the invaders. All trusted to a broken reed for safety. By uoon most of the stores were cleared of their contents. Men, women, and children were scattering in every direction un- der the burden of their spoil, and were in turn maltreated, knocked down, and sometimes even killed and deprived by their fellow thieves of the proceeds of their robberies. Barrels and cases ol wines and spirits were turned into the streets, and a saturnalia of drunken- ness befan that will never bo forgotten by those who had the misfortune to wit- ness the deplorable Fcenes. After the first rush on the stores had procured them an abundance of drink, bands of frenzied men patrolled the town, firing at and hacking every living creature but, unsatisfied with slaughter in the they poured into the houses of Liberals and Conservatives alike, most- ly those of the latter, and continued the work of murder and destruction. All Conservatives were ruthlessly killed, and mimy Liberals who tiied to arrest the barbarians in their progress or to shield friends or relatives and persons suspected of sympathizing with the Conservatives, or of having no decided opinion in politics, shared the same fate. But all the horrors are nothing compared with the still more frightful excesses perpetrated in the suburbs and on the estates in the surrounding coun- try. There, murder, lust, robbery, and incendiarism have continued unchecked for days together All small shopkeep- ers have been deprived of house and home, all estates ravaged, cattle driven away or shot, hedges torn down, corn- fields burned, and even machinery de- stroyed, so as to render it useless to its owners." Another Swindle. From RH Iowa Exchange. One F. S Taylor and others are traveling through tho country, swind- ling the farmers with a new dodge. They nre selling a wire cloth for sieves for fanning mills. Their mode of ope- ration is to go to a farmer, offer to sell him the sieves nnd deliver the goods at 50 per sets of three, telling the par- ties they shall have exclusive right of the county, to sell, and that they can readily dispose of ten or fifteen sets at 85 00 a set. In payment they take the victim's note, payable in thirty, sixty, or ninety days, just as they can get it, at the same time giving the purchaser a contract agreeing to take bock all sieves that may be on hand at the time the note matures, at the agent's Jirst coxt, which amounts to about forty cents each. He also states in the con- tract that it is no patent right, clearing himself from breach of law in selling two persons the same territo- ry So soon as the sharpers take in ono party, they go to nnotbnrand make the same trade. They immediately take the notes to some bunk nnd dis- pose of them. In this way Taylor and his ngent have made a rich harvest in this county. These chaps aro heading northwest and the press will do the public a favor by exposing them in advance. Everybody seems anxious to congrat- ulate the Hon- Ben. Hill on his promo- tion to the Senate' Gen. But- ler should bo excluded. He was seat to tho House chiefly to keep Mr. Hill straight, and lie may not like to b-e cheated out of his tart In thJB way. THE TELEPHONE. CONVERSATION AND filNOIKO IN OKDI3ABT PLAINLY HEARD TliBOt'on fix N'LKC Or TELEGRAPH From the Boston Hernld. Prof. A. Graham Bell, of Boston Uni- versity, and the inventor of the tele- phone, gave another interesting experi- ment to illustrate the conveyance of snund by telegraph. The experiment was made from the office of the Boston Rubber Shoe company, where a large company of gentlemen had assembled. The wires used were those of the com- pany, running from the office to the lesidence of Mr. Ci-nverse, in Maiden, six miles distant. Mr. Thos. A. Wat- son, the professor's assistant, officiated at Mr. Converse's house. Stationed at ihe Boston end of the wire, Prof. Bell requested Mr. Watson to spt-ok in loud tones to enable the entire company to at once distinguish the sounds. To show that loud speaking was not essen- tial to intelligibility, Mr. Bell explained that soft tone? could be heard even more distinctly than loud utterances, and in confirmation of this Mr. Watson began speaking in turn with each mem- ber of the company, and after the "effi- ciency of this met hod had been proved, he informed the assemblage that gold had closed the previous evening in New York at 105J. The desire for conver- sation having become general, Mr. Watson was plied with questions, such as Is it thawing or freezing at Mai- den? Who will be the next Presi- dent It was remarkable that Mr. Watson was able to distinguish be- tween the voices at the Boston end, he calling at least one gentleman by name as soon ns the latter commenced speak- ing. A ludy ut ihe Maiden end sent the company an invitation to lunoh per telephone, and an appropriate response wan made by the same medium. At length the company were requested lo remain quiet while a lady at the other to them the sweet strains cf music. The assemblage thereupon listened with rapt attention while the lady sung, "The Last HoseofSnm- mer." The effect was charming. Pos- sesbing, the fair cantatrice does, a voice of exquisite sweetness, the sounds pcnctrutud into the Boston end of the telephone with a distinctness equal to lhat attainable in the more distant purls of n large concert room, and a unani- mous vote of thcnks was sent by ihe handy little instrument which had procured for the assemblage agree- able an hcur. Among those present were electricians and gentlemen occu- pying prominent positions on western and ono and all expressed the conviction that the telephone was des lined to achieve the greatest possible results. The C'unard Service. They are a steady-going, conserva- tive lot of old Cunarlurs, and never do their business with a flourish or spasm the owners nor the officers The line, which includes over fifty large steamers, remains exclusively in the hands of the firm that started it There is no stock jobbing or patronage about it. The men employed are se- lected for their worth. not at the instigation of any meddlesome director. The chief consideration in building the ships is strength, and the second con- sideration is speed; but strength is never sacrificed to speed or appearances The manager in Liverpool is Mr. Chas. M elver, One of the son is one of the mcmbcre of Parlia- ment for the straight, shrewd, practiaal man, with a personal knowl- edge of nearly all his officers, and a still more intimate knowledge of his ships. He exacts the strictest attentioH to duty, and never pardons an error in this" direct ion. He often drives down to the docks and inspects the steamers in port from the port.hole to the wheel- house. The hour of his cotningjis never known, and if any man is found away from his post, that man might as well resign. An officer (Mr. in Liverpool recently, who had for years held the same position in (he service, while others had been promoted over his he-id. He was a sober man. an experienced sailor, and a skillful navigator Muny wondered why he never and sonic tell tliig anecdote in explanation. One night old Mr. Mclver drove down to the Ilutchinson dock, and asked, on one of the steamers, for the officer in charge. The watch- man stated that he had gone on shore, but would be back' in an hour or two. Who is it askod Mr. Mclver. Mr Very well when Mr. comes on board, tell him to take my carriage and drive to my house." When Mr. reached Ihe house, he found Mr. Mclver seated in his li- brary. You were absent from your poM, to-night, sir; I wanted to see you, sir; that's all." And Mr. was bowed out by the implacable old Scotchman, in whose eyes the neglect of duty was the worst possible ofl'ense, and never from lhat night to the day of his death was to a more responsible position. On another occasion, Mr Mclver was on board ono of the steamers as she was passing from the river into dock, and stood watching some caihrs hauling a rope, under the direction of a mate, who was helping them, with a will. Mr Mclver was secretly pleased with his zeal, but touching him on the shoulder, said with affected severity: We do engage you for that kind of service, sir The mate relinquished the rope at once, erpecling a further reproof; but during the next week he was pro- moted from tho third to the o md rank A From the Heading (Pa.) Times. Frederick Lavcr, Ksq., has at pre- sent in his possession an original iiari- urfcript letter of the great reformer, Martin Lather, dated in the year The letter is written on a half-fheet of paper, note site, aftd h in a well pre- served condition. The Euanuccrrpt is legible, and the signature, Mart Lu- ther, is written in a good bold hand. There is no doubt as to the au- thenticity cf this letter, written in tho dialect of the German language cur- rent during the sixteenth century. The signature and chirography have been compared with manuscripts of Dr. Martin Luther still in ezisteoce, and found to be an exact resemblance. The letter is the property of John G. Lange, of Richmond, Va, and was sent to Mr. Loner by that gentleman, in the hope that a purchaser for it. might be found at the Centennial. Mr. Lange came in possession of the latter by accident A number of yean ago he had sent to him an old German book, which it was represented had at one time been the property of Dr. Martin Luther. The book was printed some time during the sixt'cerrth Century, and it bore the appearance of not having been opened for a couple of hundred years. Concealed among the leaves of the book was found this letter which is now HO highly prized. The letter is a brief dissertation on the 118th Psalm and contains thoughts similar to those found in the Hymn of the Reforma- and it is believed that the indit- ing ot this letter first led to the com- position of that famous hymn. The letter contains expressions which now sound exceedingly curious, in the pre- sent refined condition of the German language. The writing is neat and concise, although difficult to read, ex- cept to a thorough student of German, in consequence of abbreviation, and singular terms used. The age of the letter is 334 years, and its excellent state of preservation gives it great and it will no doubt ultimately find an eager purchaser, in some collector of curiosities of this kind. COMMON sense' has given to words their ordinary sig- nification, and common sense is the geniuo of mankind The ordinary tig- nification of a word is formed step by step in connection with facts; as a fact occurs, which appears to couie within the sense of a known tei-m. it is received1 as such, so to speak, naturally the seuse of the term becomes enlarged and extended, and by degrees the different facts, and different ideas, which, in virtue of the nature of the things them- selves, men ought to class under ibit word, become in fact so elsssed. CURIOSITY in children but an ap- petite after knowledge. I doubt not but one great reason why many chil dreu abandon themselves wholly to silly cporls, and trifle away all thoir time insipidly, is becnuse they found thair curiosity balked, and their inquiries neglected. IT Is tho rich who want the most things. Keep an .Account. From the Fnrmtre' Union. There is no reason why a farmer' should not keep as accurate account of his business as do merchants and bank- ers, and be able ut any time to render an exhibit of resources and nnd at the end of the year be able to show very closely the net amount of profits or lo-9fb. [t is not a difficult or intricate process, for any lad of sixteen years cf age, who can read, write, and nod a column of figures correctly has all the business education that is required for the purpose Let each farmer, at the present time of year, take an accurate inventory of the farm and every article of fal-ae on hand, together with the cash in poSJCS- sion. Then keep an itemized record of all transactions, both of sales and pur- chases, expenses charging the farm with every dollar expended for cultivation, machinery, and tools, and1 crediting it with all sales of farm pro-- ducc, increase of stock, and when' sn inventory is taken in the following January you will know exactly whether you have gained or lost during the year, and how much. Another advantage will inure to the farmer from this sys- tematized account, and that ie by close- ly etudy'ng (he details the following season he will be enabled to decrease little expense here and there that didn't prove all that it promised, as he will- know just how much bin experience coat in dollars and cents If possible it will be found advanta- geous to keep an account with each- crop, so that the most profitable ones may be increased if advisable, and oth- ers abandoned- There are farmers' account books ruled especially for keeping such item- ized but any blank book will servo the purpose admirably. Too Much Work. Said onu of the oldest and most suc- cessful farmers in this state I do not care to have my men get up before five or half-past in the morning, and if they go to bed early and bleep soundly they will do more work if the get up at four or half past four." We do not believe in the eight hour law, but nevertheless are euclined think as a general rule we work too many on the farm. The best man we ever had to dig ditches seldom digging by the rod, more than nine hours a day. And it is so in chopping, wood by tnc cord, the men who accom- plish the most, work tho fuweU hours. They bring all their brain and muscle into exercise, and uvike evety blow tell. A slow, plodding Irishman may turn a grindstone or fanning mill better, than an energetic Yankee, but this- kind of work now mottly dona by horse power, and the farmer needs, above all else, a clear head, and with- al! his faculties of mind and muscle light and active, and under complete control. Much, of course, depends on temperament; but. as a rule, such men need sound sleep and plenty of it. Let farmers and especially farmers' have plenty to eat, nothing to drink, and all the sleep they want and cao take. Thanks and a thousand of them to that unknown jrenius who-entrusted a trunk with a hivo of bees in it, to the tender mercies of a Syracuse baggage smiihhcr, the other day. The company will pay fur the bees and the doctor thinks his patient will be around agaia in a week or two. The long controversy is not entirely without its benefits For one thing, the people will come out of it knowing a good deil more about the Constitu- tion than they ever did before. street-corner diacuraion developes a con- stitutional expounder who hasn't a hit a doubt that he oould give Paniek Webster eovoral EWSPAPERl ;