Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard, January 18, 1877

Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard

January 18, 1877

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Issue date: Thursday, January 18, 1877

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Publication name: Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard

Location: Albert Lea, Minnesota

Pages available: 35,507

Years available: 1870 - 1929

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Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard (Newspaper) - January 18, 1877, Albert Lea, Minnesota HEAL ESTATE ENCY. Wl hat for sale, lands and farms in town in thin county. TBRMS to suit everybody. LOW prieei. long time, and a low rate ef interest. It you desire to a farm, call on us farm or lands to sell, call OUR facilities for buying and selling lands, examining and perfecting titles, a'nequsled, we have tttASyFEUS, and PLATS of every piece land in (his county. Stacy S Tyrcr, Albert Lea, Minn. April 26, 1876. nntl Shoes. VOLUME 17. MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 18, 1877. NUMBER 3. Bankers. B. "D. BBOWH. D. Bi P. HXBBS. Boot Shoe Store. O. f. 3V- I jnst received and will keep in stock tbc largwsl amorlmenl of Boots Shoes of all kinds To be found in town. CUSTOM MADE WOK, Four or five workmen will be constantly for New Goods jr for Repairs will be filled, cheap and on the aborted notice Broadway west fide, Albert Lea, Minn. GIVE THEM A CALL. H. 0. BROWN ft BANK OP ALPERT HA, Maker and Rppairer of Boots Shoes. Shop on Clark street, north and oppo- site of Wtdge Spicor's Drug store. fIEST-CLASS WOEKMEN 1 are employed. Repairing done to order, cheap nnd on notice. him a call. Albert Lea, Minn. ALBERT LEA, MINNESOTA A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS TRANSACTED. H. D. BROWN ft CO. BANKERS. REFERENCES: lit Bank. Austin. 1st Nat. Bsnk, St. Pnl. Bank. Chicago. 4th Nat. Bank, Mew York. ___ _____________34tf____________________ THE FBEEBOBN' COILYTY BAM, Mitttnber Yard. C. L. COLEMAN'S Af ALBERT LEA AND ALOEN. Every description of PINE LUMBER, INCLUDING FENCING, FLOORING, DIMENSION! BOARDS, CLEAR LUMBER, SIDING, BtilNGLKS, LATH. DOORS SASH, SHEETING PAPBB, PICKETS, AC., Constantly on hand, and for imla at Lowest Market Price mum STANDARD, rVBLIIBBD mVKBT THURSDAY. tvron, per Tear, In Advance, (9 00 B.ATI8 Of ADVERTISING. w l 2 1 I 50 1 OOJ 1 1 H. AHMSTKONC, Banker. ALBERT LEA, MINN, Markets. HAS KEMOVCD THE OLD PIONEER MEAT-MARKET; On Kast side Broadway, first door south of THE PEOPLE'S STOUE. WITH INCREASED FACILITIES FOR DOING BUSINESS, HE PRO- POSES TO GIVE BETTER SATISFACTION THAN EVER BEFORE. paid for Hides, Tallow, Ac X1MC MEAT MARKET WILLIAM TUNELL Ageia ealU attention to his PINE MEAT MARKET, Lines. MALLERY BROS. Keep on hand Hard Soft Coal, Sleasonocl w ootl I Orders left on the slate at J. W. Fmith's promptly ettended to. A. IT. SQUIER. CITY EXPRESS DRAY LINE. Deals in HARD and SOFT COAL. Also Seasoned Wood. Orders left on the slate at Lincoln Bros. attended to at once FOR FILLED TO ORDER ON SHORT KOTIOB J. F. REPPY. AGENT, J. C. JOHNSON AUKNT, Alden.Mun OFFICERS OF FBEEBORN COUNTY W. W. Johnson. J. M. Goissler. Jaatef II. Goalee. Ole Hanion. KitUUen. Vat eh elder or Peteraon. A. Lovely. J. Sbeehan. DKFETT Larson. CLERK OF W. White. PBABATK Gulbrnndion famooL Thurston COBNTT G. Kellar. Froshaug. GOCRT B. Spicer. DR. A. H. STREET, Jflillinery. MBS. C. S. WABBEN Milliner Dressmaker, [Successor to Mrs. C. ill open a fine new atock of Millinery and Fancy Goods, Tics, Cuffs, Collars, A full line of Worsteds, Lamars Patterns, Doing over Felt huts a specialty. Fashionable Dress-Making done Tory best manner. in the Four doors south of the People's Store. Apprentice Girls wanted. vollGno44tf ft Where be' found at all outs of times, choice Pork, Mutton, Sausage, FISH, POULTRY, and WILD GAME in their season BROADWAY, near Armstrong's Bank ALBKHT LEA, MINN. If you want to get Worsted, Filling Silk, Worsted Needles, or Notions, you will find them at MRS. RICHARDS' old stand, cheaper than at any other place in toun, for she has just reoeired a fresh slock of the aboTD mentioned articles, and llie hue of goods will be kept full during the season. MILLINEKY AT UNUSUALLY LOW PRICES. 46tf Sergeant. MINNEAPOLIS LUMBER. W, P. S1CMOT DXALXR 15 ALT, KINDS OF MINNEAPOLIS BER, SHINGLES. LATH, LIM1. CEMENT, AND BUILDING MATERIAL. are rsoiriag a large Ut well Seasoned Lumber OF A SUPERIOB QUALITf, WHICH It VIEW OF THE PUOBABL1 AD- VANCE IN LUMBER, PEOPLB WILL UO WELL TO AVAIL THEMSELVES OP BARGAINSWB MOW OFFER. Call and our Stock before ALBERT LIA, 34. OFFICE, OVER THE DRUG STORE, South of Post Office, Albert Lea, Minnesota. OR. DEM. CRANDALL, KT 07 I S OSee OTer A. E Johnson's store, Broad- way, Albert Lea. fkysicians. pnreaaaiaf THE WISCONSIN VALLBT LUMBER YARD! PHMCIAN and tip SUin orer the ALBERT LEA, MINN JD O larad >i, X> ECLECTIC PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON TWIN LAKE CITY, MINN., Will treat all diseases to which mankind is sabjeet, to the best of his ability. .Dr. Rewlaad has made a specialty of diseases of Wemen and Children, and chronic diseases leng standing. B; long experience aud strict attention to his profession, lie u con- Bdeat ef treating all curable discasas nith Obstetucal oases treated with and success Oonsultionat free, lo ALBERT LEA. WELL TRIMMED OATS BARRELS OF GREEN FRUIT JUST RECEIVED AT RANSOM'S RESTAURANT! DEALERS AND FAMLIES SUPPLIED AT LOWEST PRICES THREE BDS1IELSIX EACH BABREL! FOR ONE DOLLAR AT MRS. JOHN STAGE'S MILLINERY STORE! ALBERT LEA, MINN. HIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR Opposite the t- AOL. Zl. FLOUR, FEED, AND GROCERY WARREN DUEL, to J. T. Green Second Door South of the People's Store. Wherji the-Wst FLOUR, CORN MEAL, BUCKWHEAT FLOUR, OATS, CORN, BRAN, FEED be had. Also Confectionery, Tobacco, Cigars, Tea, Coffee, Butter, and Vegetables which will be sold at the lowest living Farai sold on commission. GENERAL MERCHANDISE eTOIXOJBI of Oeavva, has purchased, and will make addttions to the stock formerly owned by M. 8 Buz l on. and Gents' Chains from same made to order. Also Ladies' Switches, and all other woVk in that line. TERECIA ANDERSON, PASSABLE CLOAKiDRESS-MER Spicer-s Drug Store, ABBBRT LEA, Minn. per ImprovedFarm J. F. JONES, Geneva, Minn. Fine farm of 160 acres 100 acres now plowed ready for crop tame meadow living springs. Good fence around the entire farm. Good house, stables, Post-oflice across the road, with daily mail. School house 100 yards from the door. Albert Lea in full view, 2} miles distant, whore everything that heart can wish is for sale, exerpt WEDGE 1IIBBS, Agents, Albert Lea, Minn. March 22, 1876. 11' Albert Lea, Mitre. Hf "BTIOR Scholarship In the M. Madison Business College. A former resident of Froeborn county is one of the the proprietors of this institution. The scholarship will be sold on t'avorabU terms. Apply to 1. BQTSFORD. We will keep constantly on hand a fall of White Pine, Norway Pine, and Hem- lock lumber, which we offer to the eitixens of the surrounding country at the very low- est CASH PRICE. Our Hemlock DIMENSION LUMBEBI! is far superior to pine, for the rea- son that it is stronger, has less knots, and is durable when exposed to weather. We introduce it to the farmers as being ESFECIALL7 ADAPTED for the building ef graneries, it is proof against rate and mice, which is some- thing that farmer should guard against. Also the plank to use in barn floors, bridges, sidewalks, have no equal. WM. J. PRETTYMAK, Agent -36tf JF A. LOYII.T. JiMn B. PARKIB LOVELY PARKER, ATTORNEYS A.t JL.A.W, in Hewitt's Block, up stairs. 1 st door. ALBERT LEA, _ MIN O.'STACT. A. M. TTBER. STACY TYRER, tteraeye at Law, Notaries Public, Real Estate Agents. CONNEVANC1NG all kinds accurately done, acknowledg- ments taken oaths administered, Taxes paid. Titles investigated, Lands boaght and seld. Particular attention paid to collection. Cerner Clark and Newton Sts., Albert Lea "HEMAN BLACKMEE, A FOK S A. E 2 4LAERTLEA, MINN. JOHN ANDERSON, OSee over Wedge Spicer' Drag Store, ALBERT LEA, MINN. Hotels. HALL HOUSE W. G. FOSTER, Proprietor. Albert Lea, Minn. JERLOW advancement of our great agricultural interests, is near- ly silent in regard lo locust or grass- hopper devastations, the attention of the department not having been directed to the investigation of the subject. Is there not a great fault that this depart- ment has not given this question more attention Surely it could not in any manner aid or advance the interests of agriculture better than by a thorough investigation of a subject so closely al- lied with the vital prosperity of the country. The fullest information on the subject ii embodied in the reports of the regents of the Smithsonian In- stitution, to which I am indebted for many of the facts here given In order lo bring the subject readily before you I deem it proper to review briefly the destruction which bus been made by th-> locusts in various countries, and at different periods of the past, together with some of the means which have employed for defense against their inroads Perhaps the earliest recorded appear- ance of thegraasboppers upon the North American continent, was upon the lands of the Jesuit missionaries, in California, in the year 1722 They re appeared there in 1746, and in 1753 and 1754, j and again for three years successively, begiining with 1765 Captain Jona- than Carver, who explored the vast re- gion of the extreme Northwest in 1766, describes their appearance at thateitrly day, adding that they infest thesn parts and the interior colonies in large swarms and do a great deal of mischief." The first record we find of the ap- pearance of the locusts in the Nortrcst during the present century is contained in Neill's histary of Minnesota. It oc- curred in the Red River setthment in the years 1818 and 1819, and was an invasion in great force, causing mueh suffering in a young colony already struggling with the numberless hard- ships incident to early pioneer life The account states that the grasshop- pers came from the West one afternoon in the last week of July, 1818, ate ev- erything green and deposited their egzs The colonists were obliged to send to Prairie du Chien to obtain need for their next crop. From 1820 to 1855 there seems to have been no marked lo- cust invasion in the Mississippi Valley, excepting the ravages in Texas in 1845 and in 1849, and in Missouri in 1848. This long interval of quiet may perhaps be explained by the fact that within the interval severe visitations were felt in California in 1828, 1838, and 1816, and by the possible fact thai the locusts may have crossed the Rocky Mountains and made advances westward during those years. But it is plain from the words of Carver, already quoted, that the appearance of the locusts in the Northwest was a thing of repeated oc- eurrenco before the time when he visit- ed the country and it is more than probable that even portions of Minnesota were visited between 1819 and 1856. The invasion of Minnesota in 1856-7 Was confined mostly to a narrow belt npon the upper Mississippi Valley, and though limited in area was exceedingly severe. The insects re-appeared in 1864 and 1865, chiefly in the north- western portions of the State, doing but little damage except in a few localities. Their next appearance wue in 1808, when they made a slight incursion. They appeared in limited numbers, do- ing little damage in 1871-2 But the period of the most prolonged and de- structive visitation of the peat is that which began in 1873, and which con- tinues to this date. Missouri was severely ravaged by the insects along the western borders in '1866-7, fruit trees being much injured by them in 1867. In 1856 Utah, Tex- as, and portions of Iowa and Minnesota suffered a destructive incursion from them. In 1866 they devastated por- tions of Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Mis- souri, and Texas, the insects being so thick in some places as to obstruct rail- road trains. They visited Utah in im- mense swarms in "l 867 and were very destructive and they re-appeared there in vast numbers in 1870. Colorado suffered terrible devastation from the numbers, ib 1864-5, and their devasta- tion was so great in 1868 that a severe famine ensued, and aid was volunteered from Minnesota and grnntedj by the government, in order to avert .Fi-esh swarms invaded the Provibce in 1872 and laid their eggs, and mpre or less destruction haa since ensued No efforts appear to have been made to s'tajf the ravages of the insects in that country. In the vicinity of the Sacramento Valley, California, in July, 1855, the locubts made their appearance in great nutubers. 1'he air for three days, at an elevation of from twenty to two hun- dred feet, was literally thick with' them, resembling a dense snow-storm. Great numbors fell npon the 51recta of Sacra- mento, and the city cecmed actually taken by storm. They immediately commenced the wholesale destruction of every green thing in the neighbor- hood. IB the Sacramento Valley whole orchards, vineyards, and gardens have been consumed by them. Entire fields of graip, and other crops, and vegeta- bles were eaten up in the coarse of a single day. In some portions of the valley they annoyed the passengers and horses of the public stages to such an extent as to cause the greatest incon- venience, and in some instances so as to positively endanger human life. They even consumed the leaves and bark of the alder tree, and the young leaves and bark of the small branches of the cottonwood and willow, and even the soft green parts of the bullrushes, and in some parts of the valley they ate through gauze and'textile coverings of all kinds, which had been used to shel- ter animals and plants from their at- tack. In the same year and the year following, they visited Oregon, Utah, and Texas in great numbers, destroying every green thing in their way, and full one-half of the entire crops of all kinds. In 1856 Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Min- nesota, and other States were vixited Their ravages were fulfy as destructive as in California the previous year. The principal mode for the destruction of the locust has been the burning of the prairies The Indians take the locusts, sweeping them into holes or pits, or surrounding ihetn by fire and driving them into the centre, thus roasting them, and afterward using them for food. As early as the years and 1756, the locuiLs made their ap- pearance in Maice (see Williams' His- tory of and devoured almost every green thing, even to potato tops. So great was the alarm occasioned among the people that days of fasting and prayer were appointed on account of the threatened calumny. In the year 1826 the locusts made their ap- pearance in New Hampshire by mill- ions, and wers fully as destructive as in Maine. They destroyed the entire crops of the State or nearly so. Late in the autumn a heavy flood came, af- ter which cnld weather set in and de- stroyed the eggs which had been depos- ited during the summer So abundant were these insects that Arnold Thomp- son, of Merrimac county, succeeded in catching in a single evening, between the honrs'of 8 aud 12, five bushels and three pecks, by means of a suck fas- tened to a cross-pole. In Dwight'a travels through New New England and New York in the years 1797 and 1798, there is an ac- count of the locusts in Vermont, inseets in 1864, 1865, 1870, and at sev- eral periods since the last named year. Kansas and Nebraska were again visit- ed by the grasshoppers in 1868, when the pests stripped corn fields bare- and totally destroyed gardens and wheat fields. The British Province of Manitoba wa invaded by the iusects as early as 1818, in which year and in the two years fol- lowing, their ravages wore extremely severe. In 1857 they re-appeared there and deposited their eggs, and in crops of all kinds ware totally destroyed The insects again appeared, in limited oachusctts, and New Hampshire; and the insects in these Stales were, if pos- sible, even more destructive. They de- voured clover, maize, tobacco plants. burdock, all vegetables, nnd even gar- ments of men busy in the field. They also devoured the loose particles of saw dust left on freshly sawed boards. In 1838 Baltimore was infested by these insects. The locusts were so thick and destructive in gardens and grounds that negroes were employed to drive them from the fields and gardens with rods, and in this way the insects were lepcatedly whipped out of the grounds, leaping and flying before the lines of castigators like flocks of fowls. These were red legged locusts. From Gray's account of the West India locusts there are fully destructive as in the United States. Wherever they alighted, either upon trees, corn, or green fruits nothing was expected but ruin and barrenness Ef- forts were made on the approach of the insects to frighten them away by the blowing of trumpets and other instru- ments and to destroy them trenches were dug, and the young driven into them. Mexico has often beeen infested by locusts, and their ravages have caused in some localities severe famine. They often devastate various portions of Central America, and, according to accounts given by E. G Squire, are of the same species as those in the United States. At intervals they afflict the entire country. The means of defense there resorted to are lighting of fires, and shouting and waving of branches to arrest the attack. In Palestine, the inhabitants, at the approach of the locusts, endeavor to drive them away with smoke from burn- ing piles of wood and with beating of sticks and rods upon the ground, and of metal kettles, with musical instruments and shouting, In Morocco, where people have been acquainted with locusts, and subjected to their raveges some portion of the year, time without date, the people un-, dertake to destroy them with wot and dry ditches, into which the young in- sects are driven and destroyed and also by driving horses, cattle, and sheep over the ground infested by them Long ropes have been used. These were drawn upon the ground as low as possible by two men having hold, one at each end, who at the same time made noise by brawling and beating, endeav- oring to d-'ve them into trenches dug across, or a cloth stretch out npon the ground and drawn up to a ridge, where they were trampled upon and crushed by. oilers. In the province of New Russia the most effectual method for destroying loousta is by driving the young into ditches dug two or three 'feet deep. The Russian government has decreed that a sum equal to tea cents per pint be paid for the locust eggs. The in Russia are gathered at night by the aid of a sieve and thrown into bags and so destroyed. ID souio countries the experiment of waterlog the fields with lime water and lye to destroy the eggs of the locust, has proved impracticable, as the eggs can hardly be reached to any extent by this means. lo Greece, each inhabitant is re- quired to take part in their destruction three times a year, first, in destroying their eggs, next in destroying the young lastly in destroying the adult locust. In China and the Roman em- pire, and in many parts of Turkey, the rttral authorities urn required to have the inhabitants attend to the destruction of the locusts, in onler to prevent their becoming a public scourge. The means for their destruction were sheets spread out and the young locusts driven on them and put into bags and destroyed also brooms and shovels were used for their destruction A reward is paid for the destruction of the insects und their eggs by those governments. IB France, when (he locusts make their appearance, all the people who are able go to the women, and use whatever means may be at hand. From the times, by regulation of the government, a common price has been paid for lo- custs collected and their eggs. The reward of one-half franc is paid for two pounds of eggs, and one-quarter franc for the same weight of the insects Twenty-five thousand francs have been paid in one year for collecting 295.000 pounds of eggs and insects In Italy. Hungary, and Spain, the governments pay rewards for the destruction of lo- custs or their eggs In Spain, they formerly swept the young locusts into large heaps with long brooms and burned them. Eighteen thousand bushels were collected in three weeks by three thousand men It is certain that many kinds of birds are destructive to the locust an i are his worst enemy A bird in India, termed the grakle. is a great container of the locust and its The grakle is sim- ilar to our Cslifoi nia chenate or black- bird. The inabuants of hare killed the grakle to almost his extermi- nation because of his depredations up- on the young crops j but when this his been effected a great increase has oc- curred of destructive insects and espec- ially the locusts Some of the efgs of the locust being accidently intro- duced into the French island uf Bour- bon, they multiplied so as to threaten the devastation of the countrv. The government, learning the great services of the grakle in India, bad a number of pairs imported and distributed over the islands under the government's charge They brcJ very fast, and in a few years the locusts were extermin- ated The grakle then begin to dig the newly sown field in search of eggs, when the colonists, concluding that they were devouring the seed, were alarmed, and got them exterminated bj the government. In a few years the} perceived their ennr. for the locusts again commenced their ravages. Upon this, the government procured a new supply ot garkles, and the birds cleared the island of locusts. There is a species of bird found in immense numbers in Russia, Poland, and Lower Egypt, and on the shores of the Mediterranean, called the rose- colored black-bird, that feeds on lo- custs, and tbeir eggs and larvae It devours incredible numbers in a day The red-winged starling of the south- ern Atlantic States, described by Alex- ander Wilson, is another great enemy to the Mr Wilson e-timates that .wo millions of the starling will con-ume in three weeks the enormous amount of sixteen thousand two hun dred millions of eggs and larvae of grasshoppers. The large number of birds found in our several Stales are intended as pos- itive blessings to the people; and there is no doubt that suitable laws should be passed by all States, and espicially those which arc ravaged by locusts or grasshoppers, for the protection of birds, especially the starling, blackbird, lark, crow, jackdaw, stork and that the rose-colored starling and irrakle should be introduced into the United States. These birds nre a very destructive ene- my to the locust. They pursue them at night when they alighton the ground. It should be regarded as a dime to shoot or catch any birds which show themselves useful to the inhabitants. In Egypt, the ibex was considered ea- crcd, because it destroyed reptiles and insects, especially the locust, France places her chief reliance lor the de- struction of the locusts upon birds. I shall not attempt any details of the prolonged scries of visitations of these insects, from which so many of the States and Territories arc now suffer- ing. Since 1873, few portions of the vast country lying between the Mis- sissippi river and the Rocky Mountain, have long been exempt front their rav- ages. Most of you are doubtless iar with the sad experience of many localities in your several States, where the people have suffered continuously to the last extremity of endurance In my own State, the ravages have thus far been confined to a comparatively small belt along and northern borders, but within this aiea many lo- calities have suffered an almost total loss of crops for four years in succcs- tiion and with the people them the question is fast assumming the vital alternative of exterminating the pests, or of being exterminated by them. During the present year, while the to- tal loss has been little or no greater than in prior seasons, and less complete destruction has occured in any single locality, the insects have laid their eggs in sections not heretofore visited by them, creating an apprehension for the future, such as has never been ienced. It is a singular fact, that although the grasshoppers of locusts have in felted vaaious portions of this country, more or less, nearly every season for the past one hundred years, few of our efour observing writers of sciedtists have made more than a passing notice. of an insect which has caOMd, thrS country so much distress by its terrible ravages, except Prof. Riley, Bn: tomologist of Missouri, whole valuable reports have thrown much light upon' the subject, a few others. The nature and habits of the locust should be diligently ob's'erve'l; by ,rtbe cultivators of the soil, and by tbescien- tific men of this The general government should employ tn'e ftbFdnt naturalists in America to study amf compile for public use the moat search- ing arid complete investigation's into their habits, and the best methods of checking their increase thwart- ing, their ravages. Tbo most illustrious nations of the world have not disdained lo devote their time and means to the destruction of this nernieiotls ftiSpCl; and it surely becomes our nation, which' prides itself upon its practical to give timely heed to a problem apod :he solution of which depends so large, ly the primary sources of its prosperity. Notes and Comments.' Tbe cremation mania is extending'. America produces bar- rels of flour annually. Afrida is times dehVrfy pop-: ulated as America. Only half of the children inOiiio ai-" .end the public Anna Dickinson is happy. She oys adverse criticism, and plenty of it. Mexico would have a couple of J'res-s, dents to let, if she hafe need of1 hree. Mining explosions in England, and ajlway on the continent, are coking up. Greece has issued a loan, in order to' be prepared for all eventualities, jike a citifen. Gen Burnsido is described Democratic paper as a preposterous fur-trimmed leg of mutten." Arizona is replete with Attee mains, which indicate a high State of1 civilization among the extinct race. All bass singers claim to be high toned, notwithstanding the tenor of their ways may be a little irregular. The anger is the latest form" of medical treatment. It consists in getting the patient mad enough to staff the perspiration. Times are so hard that an Irishman says hu has parted with all his elegant wardrobe, except the armuoles of an old waistcoat. The Hawaiian Islands nre fast being Americanized, and ere many years btrf a slight trace of the original inhabitant' will remain. The best sealskins do not when moist or criterion by which ladies can judge of the quality of the material put in their Jaunty sacques. I hear an angel sang a young njan in an outside town- ship school exhibition. No, shouted an old farmer in one pf Cha' back seats it's only my old muld that's hitched outside." The young man broke down and quit. "Mother, have I any asked an urchin of eight Why, no what put that into your returned the surprised parent. Because I read to-day about children's' answered the acute juvenile. Bar's gwme lo be remarked a colored cituen, an' all ye niggahs mount jen's well git ready active1' business" "Which tide shall we' asked one of his hearers. You niggahs can take jes' wat side yer please; I'so gwine to take de ada side." Where did this baby come from asked a little three-year-old girl of the nurse, who was washing the squealing little stranger. Why, from of replied the nurse: Wolf, if it screamed like that there, I don't wonder they sent it was the stun-' nfng rejoinder. When you meet a man who down in the morning and kicks ihe cat over the table, cuffs two of the children, and remarks that ho should think from the appearance of the breakfast thae the cook was drunk, do not thin! harshly of him. He is probably the person who Mngs Home, sweet home" so affectingly at the evening parties. The paternal author of an heiress was approached by a youth who re- quested a few minutes conversation in private, and began, I was requested to see you, sir, by your lovely daughter. Our Young interrupted the parent, briskly, "I don't know what that girl of mine about. You are the fourth gentleman' who has approached me this morning on the subject. I have given my con- sent to the others, and I give it toy oa; God bless you." exchange a little package of arsenic in a safe place, and occasionally sprinkle a little of it on a well-buttered piece of bread1.' and put it where they are accustomed to spend their evenings. Fill a barrel half full of water. Hang a cover a little smaller than the top, that it will be easily tipped Fasten a bit of smoked bacon to the centre, and the next morning fish out dead rats. Pound up your old ink bottles and such pieces of L'lasa as arc at hand, and mix with meal. Put the cake wherff the rats run. Busy your b'oys in' mailing tfapa. fi wil! give them excitement to kill Ihe animals when raught, and take up A little time io setting. By the diligent use of these four modes, we will guarantee respite from the racket in a month. A PaoMrsK promise ehonld btf given with caution, and kept with-care. A promise should be made wifh the heart, and remembered by the head. A promise is the of the inten- tion, and should be nurtured by recol- lection. A promise and its performance should, like a true balance. sent a mutual adjustment. A promise delayed is justice deterred. A promise neglected is an untruth told. A prom- attended to is a debt settled. AN exchange says that a society been formed in Siberia which all males to marry when nf age, makes the wife the head of the family and the husband a marked subordinate. There are a good many families in'this community that are run on the! plan. ;