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Western Statesman, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1842, Marshall, Michigan t AJ V y VOLUME r r From Raymonds et w tions means being itcajinot con1 AS trieycatt in long turnvftfih the biiy and Sesame qnattstill large quanbUeaof EnghshgoodswiUlof is up uttd A tariff is the state im on the importation of foreign I ihe question who payi thisd The commonly receivM doctrine has Ilieen that the consumer pays the whole lemonntof the duty any considerable portidti of an ar liicle of consunipjtion is ol domtstic pro it is perfectly manifest that the consumer does not pay the whole duty on I the foreign articles All admit that and do I article of ihe same must bear Ihe j same in ihe same If then a duty of twentyfive per I raises the foreign article twentyfive per it will also raise article I twentyfive per Hence it will follow that if one half ofTin article of consump jtion be a and tho other half a I foreign a duty on the foreign which produces n re venue of one I million o1 would be a burden of tax on of two millions of I and if the domestic product should constitute three fourths of the consump tion of the then a duty on the which should produce a i of a million would be I a burden or tax on the oC four millions of and so the burden or i i the dutyv of a pounder two hundred tind fifty thousand dollars in gross on charge of thai amount npon produc and transportation to which must be equally shared by the producers and and therefore an addition al duty oftwenty five per cent upon an article of the whole of which L f M t M is of foreign price of that article lotho will raise consumer the at titles of the necesaries and comforts of at enhanced Any considerable increase of the duty upon an article wholly of foreign produc would undoubtedly affect the price so as to fender it but even this increase of would be as mn5h by fhe erroneous calculations of sis to the effect Of the duty as to the dqty lar calculation wmild that Ul II1U Ul lwlv uw instead of 25 per Ithe article would rise in the full be sent to our although burdened an impost of or thirty This then beinS the jomoUnt of tbe additional and the merchants would hold expecting to realize that and inthis way the article woutdf be kept above its proper ad for a short time buithis mistake to its proper which foreign revcini1 to an of consumplibnT the whole of which is of foreign how will it be with regard an a part ofwhich is of fprr eipn production v Suppose there is no duty on woollen and that the United States annual1 would half the amount of the y consume woollen gpods to the amount I The of production in the world of twenty mil lions of and that tert is much greater than the means for con millions are of and ten millions of foreign Government lays an impost of twenty five per adva equal to two millions five hundred thousand dollars on the foreign The question how much will this duly would be in proportion tts and hence there is a constant tendency in the supply to exceed the de Hence uniform tendency to a reduction in the price of all espe cially those which the ingenuity and pow er of man can multiply increase the price of woollen goods upon being one of the laws of the an average in our market How much I permanent effect of a tariff of ever so will it cniianctf the price to the consumer I great a per never can to raise the w i i nvAntYT RtTO fOnt1 11 I Af per in addition to the cost of ma nu There is not a oottou or woollen manufacturer in that could afford o send their goods qnf tuarket under the pre sent and yet every manufacturer in England may fine it for his ad vantage to send a Tew per of his annual production to our under etcfi a higher drily than we have to de termine which is the policy for to secnro a constant and regular suppply of goods from ourroanufacturcra at fair by securing to them out own or trust to the chance of beingsupplicd from the sur pluses of tbe English at less than the cost of manufacturing and importing the Oae of the principal of those who oppose the encouragement of domestic manufactures an increase of impost that it were an injuriouseffect upon the It is a sound maxim of political lhat the imports of a nation and will ul about equal its mer chant who cargo oi goods and ordinarily an equivalent for ibis equivalent must be and the amount of the revenue which the govern ment will receive for the will be in to tho rate of impost Lf the duty there is fairly the higher the impost ihe as that of Hp first I ofji seelts snoViiiat ihe House had no right to1 appoint such a commiltee at The he rnquires that when ft bill is felurried wim lite objec it shall be and although the appointment a committee isone step of such a he maintains that arguments of the as toelMf not better thus settling to his satisfaction that the House had no right to appoint such a c6rntmUeJlie proceeds to debate the genoal first discusses the that the President is a branch of the Legislative and that lie Has rightfully exercised his rogative In vetoing the several bills which have been laid before He goes on to review lha doings of the and o the present Scssifiris tea Sfcflftit ng which distf t lie cites of poi Ucianslo which he he contends that the provision1 in the Little Tariff Bill of suspending the was in fact the enactment of a distribution law appended to tho revenue bill 1 Ho thinks it a great mistake to suppose that there is a ny issue between the President and and fnsists that the issue is between Congress and the Country 1 This is the substrfnco of his whole It is a mere repetition of the shallow sophrs try by which the apologists of treachery have A FROtBCCIVE IT f h AMBLES UNDER root AND VIOLATES TBfc tu IAWH OF NATURES Pfee as may be Seen by the is oho of the cardinal principles of Loco It is advocated qttd defended in Washington the Albany Richmond and the Loco press gfdfi efally thro ughbot the tOCrt politicians preach it up at the corners of the and Fbco Legislatures and of sustain it in their spedches and their andi wheb recteapt President backs ihem with Loco Focos laud the aiuHiek of tax WOUIQ oe m inuuutttuu price of an article of domestic greaier the Unless a high rate of hP domestic product was greater than the the amount of is Tha tendency of a tariff is to keep the has the effect to aimioish the ex to twelve and a half per on twenty market at its present by excluding a it never can have ihe effect to diminish IUJ 1A I f I AM I 1 TtTs a conceded that the amoant of the portion of the foreign until ihe do more extensively tvn article is produ An impost ol twenly five per on Supply Comes up to the ced or manufactured in the the half of ihe consumplion of the coun which caa never be at a very distant pe 1 Uter the duty on the foreign which by the supposition is the a unless there is some natnral imped o J f ujninnnr isnnYnrtra thnn I mprit tn thn ninnnnlinn in thnt nnrtioninr certainly is than iilereforran impost or tariC highest on those articles inosV extensively on the whole consumption oflhe manufactured in the and lowest country I can see no reaspn upon wholly of foreign any the whole con Bat if it DQ true tliatthe coasum orpuys sumpiou of thecountry should be char x J n vmrhVA tno Tiritfli coun the pie whole obovo any t In ng than ouaht to he and the duty which the impost imposes ufbo lowc upon those articles wlaoh lhe most extensively produced or manac But 1 deny that the consumption o icred in the country and highest upon country is burdened with any thing those wholly offoreign such like in conse j r quenre of an impostof 25 We have already sect that when the whole article is of foreign as en which an impost must be when this comes to be the then prices commence again to The different tariffs passed by Congress have never afforded any encouragement to domestic by raising the It is net however true that the consum er pays the whole duty even upon those articles which are wholly of pro and more not upon mestic production a large portion of is of doJorne by the and the other half sc nroduction Ib7 the and consequently an Lef tWpposethe United Stales impost of twenty five per will only as they were in when the governincrease the price of the article to the con IrvoiTro ntli ment went into operationcommerce en lwelve an4 a half per and for mainn that same reasons I now tnly freehand no impost on any article consumed in the ID this stale where one half of the article consumed is of suppose the nation to of and the other half of foreign an article wholly of Woe eign lo ihe amount of one on ion of dollars in Suppose Ihe av Average price of ihe whole III im i price of coffee to be twenty cents a both domestic and only six and a which would make the quantity quarter per f All flint consumed five millions of pounds a I twohuudred and fiftv thousand dollars on same price in the same market AH admit that the domestic and foreign article of the same must bear the The for which wouldrequire a duly equal eign article must lall to a level with to twenty five per ad or five and the domestic rise to the centspound and it thereore laysanim with the Adu y of twenty post of five cents a pound on How hve per on one half of the con stuup Lch will this impost raise the price y and a half per ou Uie whole cou to tln oonsumer firt eo to dimmish the the price will aud The lhlslltll nation has been in the habit of paying a and a halrper million of dollars a year for and the I Tsay it must be shared equally between people wilhoiitgreatly subtraeling the producers and tbe is from their other ordinary the natural consequence of mutuality fee ail additional sura of two hundred the buyer and the iic price of trie domestic article above what it was at the time the tariff was These taiiffs have v pro tec ted by excluding a portion of the foreign and thereby enabling the domestic manufacturer to sell his pro ducts present instead of selling them at reduced The effect ot a tariff is to prevent prices from falling so fast as they but for the No tariff for protection ever has or prob ably ever will high enough to enhance the prices of the domestic It may perhaps be asked why it that the manufacturers are so zealous for an increase of the if an an impost has so slight an effect npon the price of their goods Two answers may be given to this 1st The manufacturers are not themselves ereoerally of the slight effect which an impost in any have upon the price of their goods in antici pate much greater effect from such meas that ihey possibly and their zeal is in proportion to their Although a tariff may have little or no effect upon the price of yet its effect npon the prosperity of the country may be vejy extensive and very An additional price of a or even of five millions of ordinary expenditure of the country when paid to our own may be of very little consequence to the nation yet ihe on the will aug ment A high tariff or a prohibitory on couou and woollen may dim nish i be revenue on couonand woollen but cient duty on all other it will augment the revenue on unless the value of oorr exports is What probabili y is that a protec tive which will have the cQeci to aug ment the annual product ofa nations indus will diminish the value of its exports It is no doubt thai the proportion of our exports to our production is every year and has been rapidly diminish sought to defend the grossest assumption of tho most undisguised contempt for the will of the and the most alarming usurpation that have ever been attempted of the It is perfectly hollow and inconclusive and no man can read it and in the light of the first principles of out being more thoroughly than before Jwiih is a of the Peoples York A SHIP OF It is mighty problem to contemplate all the essential elements con nected with the construction of so massy and stupendous a a ship destined ing for many years past andnotfoubt will continue to perhaps forever but the ambiint of our exports has not and probablv never will and of coarse oar revenue trom imposts will never bo di unless shall be for the terrible purposes of what effect na it is upon the ness of he Mechanic Let us will take one jnstancc the Tariff her gone down to its lowest ebb under the com there has been sin gle cargo into frorjn France of thousand pair of These Boots are now like from the corners of the at from eighteen to twentytwo shillings per pair wno are benefit ted by this operation the French being enabled under tbe present to introduce their Boots into our arid undersell our own manufac obtain a new and pocket tho amount which they formerly paid under the Tariff laws and which went towards defray ing the expenses of our Who else aro benefited For the life of us we cannot Is tho farmer To be sure his Boots can be purchased for less but how jand where is he Jtp obtain Tlie corn vent him from soiling his there to any advantage tbenHsjhe freight for transportation to come off of being will amount to a trifle jtjjaether with the other loss which must inevitably be sustained from its perish able Therefore the if he seeks a foreign will realizq a vastly the average rate of doty la oiher although pay and fifty thousand for this single consequence of the laws of snp ftrticle of They will thereply and ir the manufacliirer or fore use coffee wilh more has the power and the right to stiuue other firticles for and ill this way put his own price upon his Ihe buy diminish iheir This will er or consumer has an equal and produce a partial glut in the not to buy at or to buy at his The producers pr importdswluqh is the own Igo further and that ex nKio cepi for the absolute necessaries of the the exclusion of that amount1 of foreign which shall at the same time afford an additional market for that amount of domestic will have a very salu Cary upon the whole Wilh who understand ihe the object of an additional impost is not so much to raise the price of as it is to afford a market at present tho gross amount of oar exports is greater now than h was twenty years and prob ably will be greater twentv years it is yet we do not export so great a pro portion of the annual product of the nations labour now as we did twenty years and probably shall not export sogreat a propor tion of it twenty years hence as we do But all the nation wants of a revenue from is1 enough to defray the expenses of government and as the expenses of our gov ernment are not likely to increase in a great er ratio than the amount of oar there is no danger that the revenue from imposts will not always be folly adequate to the pur poses for which it b Some politicians seem to suppose that the test of national prosperity is the proportion which the exports bear to the annual product of and that the greater this propor the greater the This is most certainly a fallacious mode of estimating na tional wealth and The newest and least improved country always exports the greatest proportion of its and ol coarse impacts the greatest proportion of its consumptionbat it will hardly be preten that the newest and most uninproved coun tries enjoy the greatest degree of prosperity and aatne thing will not f theij hvejnilUons iof is prtceof flve cents get necessity or moUva to than the A to a the amount oi the consumer is to and therefore the lat producers are all as anxious to the 1 ter will have the most influence on the consumers are lo consequence and consequenlly upon ihe ihcrefore will lhat they must reduce An of twenty five per and I maintain that according ad valorem upon ac one half lo the universal laws of bejof which tween seller and and of supply and that the price of instead of being enhanced hve be enhanced two and a half cetits a In other the impost must be equal ly shared between the producer and the instead of paying twenty cents n pound as nwst arjd will pay about twentvtwo and a haU and is possible for the English manufacturers to send their goods to our under a tariff averaging more than twenty five pec ad if point of fact the duty paid tho goods euhanoes their price in our market in so very trifling a de We haye been and I admit the fact to be and woollen goods can be manufactured in ttiis 001114 iry very nearly as cheap as in There is no great difference in It being lhat the produ cers and consumers share an impost duty be tween it foIlowathaL as a large propor tion of the duties is paid by it is ibe true policy of ihe country to keep up a high tarilf on foreign It also that if the English tariff on American goods is higher than the American iMi English then the people of the e magnificent voyages it has to cross wide and agitated at times by the unbridledfury of the subjecting it to strains of the most formidable kind shall possess mechanical strength to fesist and at the same time be adapted for stowage and is expected in all cases to overtake the ene and contain within itself this materiel of a six months many other complicated inquiries which the naval architect has to must all be involved in the general conditions of his the elements of which he must esti mate while he is rearing his mighty fabric in the and be prepared to anticipate their cflects before he launches his vessel on the turbulent bosom of the Charles Emperor of when he abdicated a and retired to the mon astery of amused himself with the mechanical and particularly with that of a He What an egregious fool must I have been to have squandered so much blood and in an absurd attempt to make all men think a like when I cannot make even a few watch es keep time PITTSBURGH Glass of all descriptions is manufactured in this and this fragile production of her factories fee we are in elegant mansions of New and as well as in ihe log cabin of the western The cut glass made here is of excellent white and very The cutting of glass consists entirely in grinding away successive portions by hold ing the glass the surface of small made ol metal and are made lo revolve means of a orTongbcuttingis reduced profit upon his surplus And how will he find his home market The if he pursues his must sell his and he cannot sell them unless he puts the price down to a level with the imported No man will pay five or six dollars for a pair of when can get as good an article for leas than the If Boots are manufactured a sold the wages of Ike journeymaiimil be put down low also With low two shillings a day for his Fr manufacturer pays we journeyman Bootmaker pay the samp for his his his Certain v He must pay or eat Then will the farmer have less which to pay for his Bat iFtheT maker is driven from his bench by starvatifi and as the Free TJrade cates say he should to turn his to agricultural pursuits in order to stcur the surplus produce of the i try will of necessity bo the same tho home market is deceased Then will the fanner receive still lessor the produce of his is tt mer bcncfitted The Boots upon his fe can get cheap but he mast sell his prcj cheaper still But look vernment must be and how ill lo be done Under Tariff laws a porljoti the money is raised from a tax upon the ii ported the remainder upon other im i M J It pbrted ariicles under the Trade raise the price of the whole consumption of the country only sis and a quarter per and lifts increase of price will be re in proportion as the domestic pro duction In theory I appeal to the pracftcal about twentytwo aug A half the producer instead of receiving twenty cents as will puly repeive about seventeen and a half the The on the consunaer much in his compel tl iff laws that have passed by Cong WHee an article is mauufaQtured ni the no torlfiThas induced any perceptible effect upon TvhffAOfl is jnol pwft W consumer ebligedtS hnyv unless buy tf his own more ao for the e the various tar Jailed States contribute towards the support of the English han ihe people of England contribute towards the sup port of the Untied States government MEL GILMER3 Our readers have already beyond with cordial approval of its labor in the two countries and at any rate where machinery is extensively used the manufacture of an the differ1 ihe masterly Report of the venerable Aduins upon the latest Veto Jflessage of John in the mogt compact and forcible ence m the price of labour is not great enough lo majie any material differ ence in Ihe expense of manufacturing the How then can an English manufacturer pay a dnty of twenty pajr cent on his and still sell them far so small an advance in onr market Tho is to be explained in this anflnal proHuciwn what greater than consnmpr a uuuuw HOB aperiwweatenbancempntof tbe price off maridllwre aaaS ol extensiye most be sold at reduced pn ouomMP a naoesjorbeeatirelylosttoltiar great Protest of die ol thearticle it isimpWble in the that tariff of This surplus is sugicient to so t DOI LttS Iheir accidental and demoiUhes utterly every pretext urged in justification of his course of conduct wkh especial reference to the Revenue bill he haa strangled ia its We believe with the Intelligencer that this will become the text for the whale Whigs all over the irom which they cmjn draw whole some of instruction to iha young aod confirmation to the ia the priuciptes whichlie at thy JJMiodauon of this Goterni meal andupon maintenance pf ia their ancient Us thkig Biepom b given by wheels of after wards wheels of iron arc having their edges covered with sharp or with emery ol difjorent The last polish is given with brush covered wilh oxide of or To prevent friction from exciting so much heat aa lo endanger the a small stream of water continually drops upon the surface ot the One of tho principal glass manufacturers mentioned an amusing inci dent Indians had been as a ddega lion to about some reserved and they spenra few days here on their One of a had seen all that was curious in Baltimore and Philadel phia without being much While here he visited the and watched all thf various operations with At length he saw the process of making some cream The body of the jug form ed and when the mairial for the handle was formed it was found to be a perfect Seeing all produced molten1 the Chief couldrestrain him no rushed forward to ihe took him by the And declar ed thatTieVustvhave tha spirit of the that money is put into the pockets o the French and carried France thus enriching him and from us what little specie we is the alternative It is pip support ofGdveritmffnt derived from a Direct Tay upint ine p When the fanner is to bear he must prepare himself inaadition to the Taxes which are already onerous ana to pay ah immense UNITEDSTATIC So say Free Trade sjy Loco Foco say Loco Foci members of in their speeches lay tfieit vales are benefits of Free Trade to W farmers it Answerjat the ballotboxes of iq grossional do not bow to live Marshll Thsy wer in in their vindication ofi as yet received only Owl of W t Where thrift doth fowning w4 doubt proude williffcation tbe Father wiihiri or hj could not have
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