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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - December 7, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Continued Cold Weather Details on Page Two ADRIAN DECEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 Navy Reveals Details Or Vast Damage Done To Naval And Air Power At Pearl Harbor Enlistments Halted McNutt Gets Control Of All Manpower Opened for Honorable Discharge of Those In Service Over That Age tary enlistments in the armed forces were stopped by Presi dent Roosevelt ex cept in special and the Army and Navy were told to get their recruits henceforth through the Selective Service which was placed under Paul At the same time the War De partment called a halt to the in duction of all men over 38 and opened the way for the honorable discharge of such men already in service if they can serve the war effort better as The President after weeks of study of the knotty manpower in an executive order which not only vested supervision of military procurement in McNutt as chairman of the War Manpower Commission but gave him stronger powers as weH over all government departments concerned with man power and over the practices of private McNutt was empowered to direct that the hiring of workers in any occupation or area which he might designate should be done through the United Stales Employment an adjunct of his Man power and to channel workers into the most essential jobs from those less Applies to Those 1838 Roosevelts ending voluntary a step de signed to bring military and civil ian manpower procurement and disposal under unified applied lo men 18 to The armed forces thus might continue to re ceive enlistments of various spec ialists above that And the Navy was enabled to continue its recruiting of The Army enlisted no men below The ban on re ferred to the enlisted personnel of the armed serve The accept ance of volunteers as officers ap parently The Army has that all its officers henceforth will be ob tained from the ranks through the officer candidate schools except in the case of a few The selective service heretofore anindependent ment was placed under McNutts complete The duties of Lewis Her its were transferred to The was em powered to appoint a director or other officers to exercise the func The ending of inductions of men 38 and over was ordered by the War Department shortly before the White House order was issued and Selective Service immediately tele graphed all state directors to com Men of 38 to 44 will be listed in a new deferred classification designated as Turn to MANPOWER Page 11 SAYS IT WITH SHIPS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS America said it with fighting ship on the anniversary of Pearl its navy vfVti a two aircraft car a uiser and seven smaller The carrier Belleau third carrier in 15 weeks to come out of the New York Ship building yard in slipped into the Delaware river The Bunker was to be launched today at the Bethle hem Steel Corpss Fore River yards at She is a sister ship of the New launched Into the Delaware also go two large The ton New Jersey slides down the ways of the Philadelphia navy yard and Tuesday the will be launched at the Cramp Shipbuilding yard in Thp Bathe Iron Wprks launched the Today was a big day for the citizenry of a daylong program was to mark the launching of seven fighting Six powerful mine sweep the Ar Arch and to go down the ways at the Tampa Shipbuilding and the ceremony wao to be climaxed with the chris tening of the heavy de stroyer Piedmont WICKARD CHIEF OF FOOD NEEDS Placed In Complete Charge By Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard today was in complete charge of supplying the greatest food needs in American President Roosevelt directed him 3esterday to assume full responsi bility for and control over the na tions food an undertak ing that must reach unprecedented proportions next year in order to help feed the armed the Al lies and liberated Included in this is supervision of fojod although the trans fer of authority is not expected to mean any changes in the present rationing programs of sugar and coffee and the prospective ration ing of These programs will continue to be administered through the Office of Price Admin Wickard becomes the fourth sin gle director of a national resource in President Roosevelts official war The others are Paul McNutt William and Harold Roosevelts order placed Wickard on an equal footing with WPB Chairman Donald Nelson in case of with the Presi dent final Wickard has served notice that he would make every effort to raise next yearSproducUqn allot ment for farm has By the per cent for ard wants 50 per cent of the 1940 output next Under the new the agri culture department is divided into two main one for produc tion and the other for Wickard will appoint a director for ALLIED PLANES POUND EUROPE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS strong force of RAF striking af ter American and British airmen carried out their biggest daylight assault against the con tinued the offensive to knock Italy out of the conflict with an attack last night upon one of the bottle necks in the rail system through which the Nazis sustain their weaker At a cost of nine planes the Bri tish bombed targets in southwest which Berlin identified as Karlsrue and neigh boring communications and war factory centers on the most direct route from Germany to The German news said there were killed and injured both at frequently bombed Karls rue and at 16 miles to the southeast The air ministry did not give the size of the raiding but its assertion that was a strong one persumably meant that hundreds of bombers were TheBritish announced officially that nine planes were lost the Ger mans claimed only five but broad cast a boast that craft were downed in Sundays massive raids against 17 announced by the Turn to RAIDS Page 7 BULLETINS The war department reported today that heavy fighting involving arm ored farces began yesterday andis continuing in vicinity Te where Allied troops are at tempting to hold their advanced Tunisian positions against strong Axis bers of JMstrict 50 of the United Mine Workers have voted to strike at theWestern Cartridge union officials to force immediate and full compli ance with a directive of the War Labor John assistant regional director of District said the strike would begin at 8 to morrow and he had so notified Wil liam chairman of the and John head of the United States Conciliation Serv SAILORS RESCUED FROM BLAZING A Navy launch pulls up to the blazing West Virginia to rescue sailor lower circle from the battered battleship during Japanese attack en Pearl Harbor Note the two men upper circle in the AP Telemat from Navy Additional pictures on page Says Jap Sea Losses Menace Security Of Bases In Pacific 7 P Secretary of the Navy Knox as serted today that Japans loss of cargo vessels and troop transports was approaching the point of desperation and was im periling the security of her far flung Pacific island The enemys maritime he said in an in the Army and Navy has cut in one year of a few thous and desperately im fJhgvhis is actuall when trie Japanese forces in theoccupied islands of the Pacific will suffer for lack of in ammunition and medical sup the lack of ships to transport For this situation he gave much credit to the war of attrition waged during the last 12 months by American submarines in the and translating the subs accomplishments into terms of future he added Patient whittling away of the ship strength of our maritime ene lessens the magnitude of the task our men will Have to do with Bomb andbayoneh along the rpad to Against the suffered by whose replacement rate is much less than that of the United Knox set the fact that our own shipyards are launching naval vessels at a accelerated which has already providedus today with a far hafdeVr hittingand faster fleet we had on December He said submarine construction time had been cut since PearlHar Dor by four months andthree days has been put into the fleet seven months ahead of sched ule destroyers are produced in little more than half the time it took in and the latest air craft carrier sent was build in exactly half the four required to complete her pre did not name the but had in mind the HorneXwhich was started in Sep tember 1939 and commissioned in 1941 to that the PLANS IE LASI PHASE OF By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS com manders were reported today to save laid plans for the final phase of the Tunisian campaign at a candlelight conference in a farm louse kitchen late yesterday while leavy fighting raged on in the A Reuters dispatch from the battle front told of the Heights dominating strategic communications center 20 miles west of are secure ly held by Allied the Mo rocco said in a broadcast re corded in Allied by the lack of prepared advance air were neverthe less to be attacking German arid Italian positions continuously while bombers pounded Bizerte and Page 7 Wasp was started in and commissioned in April Knox declared the United having produced a great quantity of arms of all kinds was now con centrating on improving the qual ity of its weapons and said I wish with all my heart that we could likewise increase the quality of We have a greater overpro duction of faultfinding than in any other product of American ingeh ing of good paper ihk Jstealh cbqld refined to critical from which the men charged with management of the war effort could Hitler andhis stooges in Tokyo and Rome would know their ultimate doom to be He gave much credit for coop eration in waging the naval phase of this years predominately naval campaigns to the forces of other members of the United REDS SMASH COUNTERDRIVES OF GERMANS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS re stiffened by airborne re was growing on the central front west of Moscow to but the Russians announced they had battered down 20 count erattacks west of Germanheld Rzhev and killed Nazis a threeday advance along the im portant Rzhev Vyazma railroad The Russian offensive gained ground both on the central front and southwest of itwas although the Germans were bursting out of their snow covered positions in desperate Northwest of the Volga stronghold the Red army was reported tightening its hold on both banks of the Don Turn to RUSSIANS Page 7 HP ATM FATAL TO HRH Served As JudgWofProbate for 32 Years Harry LarwUK for 32 years judge of the probate court of Lena wee county died suddenly Satur day evening about oclock in his home at 406 North Broad the result of a heart He had been in his health until last weekwlien night he had He suffered another Saturday morning at his office at 123 East MaumeeStreet but it was not se Larwill vere and he dismissed his stenog rapher Arlqw Shafer as us ual Saturday The fatal at tack came in his home at dinner He was 79 years Although born in New September 1863 the son of George and Annie Lar he spent all but six weeks of his life in Adrian moving to Adrian with his parents when six weeks While attending Adrian high school he entered the Adrian Times office as a printers appren learning type setting and eventually becoming a In 1883 he was appointed court re porter for the Lenawee circuit court and held that office until Turn to LARWILL 6 Alone Producing More War Materials Than Axis By THE ASSOCIATED can war production in 1942 has fal len a little short of the mammoth goals set by President Roosevelt in all major categories except mer chant the Office of War Information disclosed but nevertheless reached such a pace that this country alone is outpro ducing the Revealing some figures carefully kept secret OWI said in a review of the wars first year that production totaled tanks and selfpropelled antiaircraft guns larger than20 tons of merchant ship The goals which Roosevelt set last January were antiaircraft guns and tons of chant At that time the figures were consideredbreaiitakiEg in this The Axis radio scoffed at them as fantastic and in its called the record impressive and observed that there were some compensat ing factors in the categories where were not An increasing proportion of our planes are heavy it pointed In addition to tanks and selfpropelled thousands of scout cars and half and fulltrack carriers have been produced which are as essential to a wellrounded mechanized force as are tanks many thousands of antiaircraft machines guns have been turned OWI there should be no cause for contentment in the figures themselves or in the fact that we are now outproducing the Axis in Greater Task Ahead The production tasks of 1942 seem easy compared to those which to 10 SEM LOCK Union Still Insists That Non Union Woman Worker Must Be Discharged MASS MEETING CALLED Efforts to effect a settlement of the wildcat strike called by the Machinists Local of the AFL at the Kurd Lock Manu facturing Company were unsuc cessful Saturday night although about half of the companys em ployees have returned to Eddy of the concilia tor service in Detroit and John Hughes AFL representative of the WPB also of Detroit were in Adri an Saturday night and met with Hurd officials and union represen was reported thatthe union insisted that one nonun ion woman employee be discharged and that a wage adjustment be made in the tool The union brought chargesagainst the woman employee on the grounds that she was Company officials said the charges didnt hold up after an Ac cording to reports the union was willing to arbitrate its demand for a maintenance of membership Under such a policy all new employees would be required to join the ISO at Meeting About 130 members of the local met late Saturday night and heard their representatives at the man agementunion conference with Eddy and Hughes ask them to re turn to their Eddy and Hughes asked that such a request be made by the union As the re sult of a misunderstanding on the first present voted to return to After the motion was explained more fully the group voted and Hughes were present A mass meeting of all members of the uaion as well as all Hurd employees and the public has been called for 8 oclock tonight at the AFL hall on West Maumee Eddy and Hughes returned to De troit Saturday Further con ferences may be arranged later in the week but no definite meetings have been president of the returned to Detroit Saturday night and wasnt in the city The Union Position Harry president of the said today that he did not believe the unions position in the controversy with the company had been made entirely During the late Dillon the woman took a leave of absence without asking permis sion of the union or the manage Turn to Page 6 William Price Special 1o The Telegram Ed ward 19 years third class torpedoman on a is missing in action according to a telegram received Saturday by iiis James from the Navy William Price was born in Morenci and lived there his entire life until he enlisted in the Navy two years ago last Schroeder to Go to Bat With Willkie Forces de cision by Werner Chicago to go to bat with the forces of Wendell kie opposing him on isolationist grounds promised a genuine floor battle as balloting approached to day on a new chairman of the Re publican National The party scrap was assured when efforts to seek a compromise choice acceptable to all groups blew up late last night and Schroe der announced Im in the And Im going to Schroeder Illinois National Com mitteeman had been opposed from the start by the Willkie forces who had succeeded last April in steer ing the party away from what they called its isolationist moor They contended Schroeders prePearl Harbor utterances stamped him a genuine isolation Combined with the Willkis forces were others who had noth ing against Schroeder but wanted to avoid a split in the party at all costs in view of what they call trend away from the New Deal shown in the recent Joseph Martin retiring chairman who had figured prom inently as peacemaker in the late night conferences said long as theres going to be a fight we might as well have a good It might be a good thing for the par Schroeder claimed from 55 to 60 votes with a majority if all 106 committee members were He said there would be only from 90 to 95 votes Opposing forces had claimed that they had Schroe der definitely lickedwith 57or 58 votes againsthim Every Battleship In Hawaiian Area Was Disabled By Japs Missing in Action Con gress Faces Holiday j Logrjam 7 With final adjournment only four weeks the 77th Congress found on itshands today a holiday logjam that had no relation to the yule Stacked up in committees and on the calendars of both Houses were eight bundles of legislative contro versy if a quorum re mained in to keep members busy up to with a brief interlude for They included A Houseapproved proposal to jack up the basis for computing agricul tural parity prices by including all farm labor Advocates said they would attempt to prevent the Senate from voting finally on any other legislation until this fought by administration support is A narrowed war powers bill authorizing the President to sus pend tariffs but not immigration House approval was considered possible but there was doubt that the Senate would get around to Turn to CONGRESS Page 2 War at a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AFRICA Allied commanders map plans for final phase of Tuni sian campaign as American and British troops hold strategic heights above 20 miles west ol and heavy fighting continues around Mateur and approaches to Reports from front of ter rific German divebombing attacks indicate Allies have not yet won control of air but Allied bombers and longrange fighters continue raids from bases in Malta and EUROPEAN hun dred British and American bomb protected by 400 fighter planes make Sunday daylight raids againsl locomotive and carriage works at German air base at Abbeville and radio tube factory at Eindhov the Seventeen planes reported RAF follows with assault against south western soldiers es tablish fourth beach position on narrow strip between Buna and Gona in New Marines wipe out 400 Japs on Guadalcanal bring ing enemy killed to on island besides thousands estimated to have perished at sea in reinforcement at Secretary Knox says Jap anese sea vessels sunk enemy security in widelyscattered Pacific PEARL reveals eight battleships sunk or dam aged in first Jap attack on Hawai ian base a year leaving Amer Pacific naval force outweighec four or five to one by Jap imperia Salvage and repair opera tipnsileave only one of 18 damaged warstijpiln iotaMoss 19 SHIPS LISIEO AS Of the Battleship Ari zona Is Only One Totally and Permanently Lost By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 7 The Navy Sunday issued the following statement on the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor a year ago On the morning of December Japanese aircraft temporarily disabled every battleship and most of the aircraft in the Hawaiian area Other naval both combatant and were put out of and certain shore especially at the Army air Hickam and Wheeler and the naval air Ford Island and Kaneohe were Most of these ships are now back with the The aircraft were all replaced within a few and interference with facilities was generally limited to a matter of When the Japanese attacked Pearl two surface ship task forces of the Pacific fleet were carrying out assigned missions at and two such task forces were at their main base following ex tensive operations at Dis counting small S6 ships of the Pacific fleet were moored at Pearl Included in this force were eight seven 28 destroyers and five sub No aircraft ear ners were v As a result of Japanese at tack five the Nevada and West Virginia three the Cassin and Downesthe minelayer Oglla the target ship and a large floating drydock were either sunk or damaged so severely that they would serVe no military purposes for some time In three the Maryland and Ten three the Helena Honolulu and the seaplane tender Curtiss and the repair ship Vestal were Only One Totally Lost the naval vesses above as sunk or the 26 0 batUeSWp Ari2ona te v InYneDPemanen0y to y Preparations for the nghtmg of the Oklahoma are now although final decision vessels either have been or wUl he salvaged and Turn to DETAILS Page 5 ByTHE ASSOCIATED PRESS ALLIED HEADQUARTERS forces cuttmg further into the and Japanese beach head on northeast New Guinea drove to the beach east of BuS village isolating an en emy pocket in the villagf area war correspond ent of the Melbourne Heraldi said the latest wedge was hammered through to the coast by American supported by Australian the had been a difficult the Americans be ing forced to penetrate swampy mangrove country in the face of heavy enemy Bsttlefront reports said mg was progressing at Buna vil The wedge was driven be tween the village and the mis which is a mile to the east at the eastern end of the Buna Gona The Allies cow have reached beach positions at four each of Buna and on each sioe of At the point of the latest Allied the Japanese have a series of stockades along the beach and reports from war correspond ents said the foe had but three to fighi to the ta surrender or an attempt to escape by the Opposing air forces were active Fifteen Japanese bombers and 16 zeros attacked one of the Al lied rear positions shortly after noon yesterday but no damage was Allied planes continued recon naissance and strafing activities jjesplte unfavorable
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