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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - December 3, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Continued Cold Weather Details on Page TwoV DECEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 Decisive Battle For Bizerte And Tunis Seems Under Way Americans Play Major Part in Smashing German Coun terAttack GERMANS LOSE HEAVILY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS decisive battle for Bizerte and Tunis ap parently was under way today with British and American troops con verging on the bombbattered Axis strongholds after smashing a Ger man counterattack which touched off the heaviest fighting of the Tu nisian Dispatches from the front said the Americans had played a major role in repulsing the Nazi directed at the Allied lines in the vicinity of vital railway junction 20 miles west of Tunis and 35 miles south of Allied headquarters declared the Nazis had lost heavily in their un successful launched with the apparent hope of cutting off the wedge which the Allies have driven between the two Heavy fighting also was reported around 12 miles south of where an Allied column is driving toward the British and American planes hammered the enemy from the air with mounting concentrating especially on Axis American medium es corted by P3S raided the Tunis airdrome for the fifth time in 44 destroying at least 12 grounded Reports from the front indicated that the twinengined P3Ss were playing an important part in the battle for control of the skies over Tunisia and were proving more than a match for the best German The P38s also were credited with knocking out a number of German tanks in the Djedeida sec tor near Royal Navy Enters Action Adding to the pressure being ex erted on the Axis garrisons on the ground and in the the British navy swung into its big guns harass the enemy from the The news that the fleet had gone into disclosed in an Allied communique yesterday afternoon was viewed here as an indication that the Allied offensive is swiftlv approaching a While the battle for Tunisia thus appeared to be nearing a showdown there were hints that the Allies were on the verge of acquiring the French West African base of Dakar wilhout with it a valuable part of the French flee stationed Informed sources here said they were certain that a decision to open Dakar to Allied use would result soon from conferences now under way in Algiers among Pierre Bois governorgeneral of French West Admiral Jean Darlan and Allied military Complicating the how was the hostile attitude which the Fighting French continued to take toward former com mander of the Vichy armed forces who has bone over to the Allies and who has announced formation of an imperial council to govern North Africa until France is liber Last night the Fighting French radio at in equatoria launched a new tirade against calling him twice a Though the situation obviousl London observers ex pressed belief there was no danger of the differences between the op posing French factions breaking out into open The importance of a speedy un delstanding with regard to the status of Dakar was emphasized bj reports from Bern that Pierre La val was about to form a new Vichy cabinet of decidedly proNazi ele ments to further his program o collaboration with A Swiss dispatch from Milan said that Laval had arrived in Berlin last night to discuss formation o his new in which Jacquei who advocates a French declaration of war against the United was expected t have a 6 AXIS SHIPS SUNK 3 Axi merchant ships and two escortinj destroyers were the Medi terranean while bound for Tunisia in a sgirited engagement with ligh British naval forces the night o the Admiralty announced The British destroyer Quentin later was sunk during an attack by enemy dive bombers and torpe docarrying the an Jiouncement The naval force participating u the assault on the Axis convoy in eluded three cruisers and was un der the command of Rear Admiral C L AUCTIONS Public northwest o 1L AUCL See adv on MRrkct Household Auction at Adrian Fred C See on Market Fiftieth Anniversary The Telegram is 50 years old the first issue the paper having been published on a small handfed press in the Wheeler December In observance of the papers Kolden the mem bers of the staff have prepared a complete history of The Tele gram along with a brief his torical record of other papers that have been published in Adrian since A picture story also tells and shows how The Telegram is edited and printed each These special features may be found on pages 11 and 15 of todays Publisher Presented With Wrist Watch at Dinner Program No Mention Made of the Possible Number of Men Lost FLOWERS FILL OFFICE Celebrating The Telegrams fif ielh the employees of the paper enjoyed a turkey dinnei and an informal program of speak dancing and games at the American Legion Home on North Main Street last business manager chairman of the program and ntroduced the employees in the order of their Stuart H briefly reviewec The Telegrams history and spoke of some of the changes that have aken place jn the newspaper pub ishing He also recalled the days when the older employees of the paper first started to work or The Perry told the staff that he proud of the excellent record Uiat The Telegram had made and commended the employees for their But it must be re he the collec tive effort of the staff is not alone responsible for the papers The excellent community in which the paper is with its all American population and well edu cated has also played an mporlant part in the papers de A good and successful paper cant be published in a poor community any more than good crops can be raised in barren le Perry predicted thai the next 50 years probably would see as many changes in newspa pers as the last 50 years have pro Women employees of the paper were presented with while carna tion corsages and the men were presented with red carnation bou tonnieres by Perry over the pen name of wrote a daily column for the paper in Melvin who has been with the paper for 37 pre sented Perry with a gold wrist watch on behalf of the Roses were sent to Twentyone business firms and organizations in the city extended their cpngratulations and best wishes to The Telegram on its golden anniversary by sending Large baskets and vases of carna tions and other flowers filled the desks and counters in the business office today and transformed it in to a veritable winter 5 OTHER SHIPS DAMAGED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Navy Department announced to day that five United States jiaval transports were lost during the oc cupation of North Africa by Unit ed States Three other one de and one tanker were dam aged during the There was no mention of the possible number of men The names of the damaged ves sels were not The communique follows Africa The following naval transports were lost during the early part of November as a result of enemy submarine torpe does during the occupation of North Africa by United States The Tasker Hugh Scott and the Edward Rutledge were sunk off The Joseph Hewes was sunk off The Leedslown was sunk off Three other United States one destroyer and one tanker were damaged during the The next of kin of personnel or missing are be ing notified by telegram as soon as information is This was the navys first commu nique on operations in the North African British Carrier And 3 Destroyers Reported Lost 3 Brit ish aircraft three destroyers and five lighter vessels were among Allied naval losses in cident to the North African land First Lord of the Admiralty announced Alexander said the destroyers Brook and Martin and The Neth erlands destroyer Isaac Sweers were along with the two a a minesweep er and an antiaircraft The Avenger is not listed in Janes directory and naval sources declined to identify her It is possible that she was a con verted The Allied naval losses were con siderably smaller than Alexander reported in a statement to the House of He said they were far less than the enemy The naval escort for the vast op erations included Canadian cor vettes and Dutch and Nor wegian units as well as British and American The expedition sailed in three Alexander from the United landed from the Atlantic on the coast of Two from Eng landed from the Mediterra nean on the coast of APPROVED BY BARGE ADRIFT ON LAKE ERIE 3 Guard vessels attempted to restore contact today with the 250foot oil which had drifted through a wintry night after cut ting loose from the tug whose sinking cost 14 The icesheathed with 19 men lost radio communi cation with the nearby Coast Guard shortly be fore dusk when water put her generators out of commis sion and crippled at least a part of her heating The Ossipee reported early to day she had lost said dis trict coast guard and at daybreak two civil air pa trol planes were dispatched to scout the about ten miles off A motor life boat also was sent outA Coast Guard spokesman said it was believed the barge and the Ossipee had drifted some dis tance The cutter probably did not want to stay too close to the Cleveco because of the heavy he Traveling Must Be Done By Public Conveyance The Adrian board of education lias modified its policy calling for the elimination of all school activi ties requiring travel outside the ity to the extent of allowing tlio school basketball team to iJay a minimum schedule of The action was taken night at the boards monthly meet ing after a lengthy The board did not rescind the previous motion which ruled out all activities necessitating travel until the rubber situation is al It merely authorized school officials to arrange a short ened schedule on the provision that traveling be done on public ruling out the use ot private automobiles for team As a the board held to its belisf that rubber tires and gas oline be conserved wher possible in Thractual number of games be played by the basketball team and the opponents to be contract ed was left to the discrimination of school tin board indicated that eight be considered satisfactory witli four of those contests awai from home within reasonable tra veling Members of lh group said that if other team wished to come here for contests no limit would be placed on th number of home games to bi The compromise action came af ter a long discussion of the board previous motion during which two or three members argued that th travel elimination should Compulsory physical education courses were adopted for twelftl grade students to improve health Previously the course was compulsory only through th eleventh The board approved the resiq nation of three senior high metal shop resigned to accept commission in the Rachel stringed instru rient is to become a mem ber of a symphony orchestra ii Texas Miss Elizabeth ar teacher in the junior high and ele mentary resigned because ct her approaching Miss Jeanne a student o Butler Indianapolis was employed to replace Miss Wil Miss the daughter o snd Roswell Burr of Ad will leach part time until end of the first semester when she will be here in a full time capacity Roswell Burr was appointed fo represent the board in organ izine the nursery project planned by the War Senice STEAMER AGROUND The 504foot steamer Augus of the Pioneer Steamship of lay grounded in shal low water near a dock after a collision in the Detroit river late yesterday with the Alexander None was injured as the Augus tus was struck just aft of the num ber five Both ships were down bound Russians Steadily Close Jaws of Trap on Stalingrads Besiegers Overheated Furnace Believed to Be Cause The interior of the George Burkett residence at 618 Dennis Street was damaged by fire evi dently caused by an overheated lurnace at oclock this morn The fire started around a regis ter in a first floor room at the rear of the frame building and spread upward through a partition into the second floor and When members of the fire depart ment the flames were gaining headway rapidly and were breaking through the Six 35 gallon tanks of chemicals were used on the interior of the building while water from the tank carried by the rural truck was used on the The fire was brought under control ouick Tnn which is covered by was confined to the rear of was burned away and small areas cl the siding and roof were dam The fire was discovered by 15 year old Ellen Burkett who was alone in the house at the She ran to the house of a neighbor where a call was put in for the fire A misunderstanding in making the telephone connec ticn with the fire department re sulted in the loss ol three or four minutes in notifying the depart rnen Chiet Jack Hawley urged all persons who may have occasion to report a fire to the department to rjmain on the line until the loca tion ol the fire is given clearly to the At oclock yeslerday after the chiefs truck was called to Glen Davis residence at 518 Cornsock Street where a chimney wa burning No damage re CAPTIVES POORLY CLAD By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS By K11DV clad Russian ski troops pressed the Na zis back on blizzardswept battle fields west of Moscow today while between the Don and Volga the Red drmy steadily closed the trap on Stalingrads besiegers from re captured heights northwest and southwest of the Battlefront dispatches gave this account of the steadily mounting Russian winter drive South of Leningrad and west of Moscow the Germans were dying a day as ski troopers armed with tommy guns clashed with Na zi Alpinist reinforcements in some of the fiercest fighting of the past two weeks amid snowblanketed Nazi tanks and now often abandoned and On the Stalingrad front the Ger mans were resisting savagely in a fight for and the Russian onslaught went into its third slowed but A communique said Soviet troops stormed and held another strategic height northwest of the with the height southwest of Stal ingrad which was reported yester day as gave the Rus sians a field of file over at least part ofthe German corridor of es cape or to Stalin The Germans rushed reinforce ments into at least three key sali ents in a desperate effort to halt the Russian Strong forces of German Alpin sts went into action east of Velikie Other special units appeared south of Rzhev where the Germans vere trying to regain control of vital sections of the RzhevVyazma ail Reinforcements also stif fened the German defense outside Stalingrad between the Don and In the Rzhev and Velikie Luki sector of the central front bliz increasing in slowed Turn to RUSSIANS Page 2 ATTACK JAP AIR BASE NEW P Blenheim bombers of the es corted by fighter success fully attacked the Japanese air drome at yester scoring hits on the main run way and dispersal a British communique announced Railways stations at Kadu and Hangton on the MandalayMyitky ina line also were the bulletin Some antiaircraft fire but no fighter opposition was encountered in the attack on the com munique and all the raiders G5 WARM ENOUGH matter how it feels to the War Production Board has it on good authority that a 65 degree home temperature is healthful and com The authority is Sugeon General Thomas Parran of the public health who said the 65 de gree temperature is well within not only the health zone but even the comfort To minimize discomfort from lowered home the surgeon general suggested that similar temperatures be maintained in offices and relatively lower tem peratures in factories and other buildings where active work is go ing War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS troops less than dozen miles away tighten trap around Axis forces in Tunis Bizerte zone as British navy pro vides shelter from Roya Navy shatters Tunisiabound Axis destroying six NORTH AFRICAN LOSSES Washineton and London tell naval losses in North African occupation naval transports thrte other a destroy er and a tanker damaged no toll of lite three destroyers and five lighter ships w i n t er drive slackens but makes new gains at Stalingrad and on Moscow EUROPEAN pounds Germany with 100plus bombers after ten day concentrating on industrial w a r p 1 a n e 3 smash new Jap attempt to rein force Buna survivors in New Guinea as ground forces close in confirmation else Jap torpedo flotilla sank Allied cruiser am two destroyers in night assault Nov 30 off Guadalcanal in Solo By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AFLCIO plan of practical coop agreed to as a step to ivard total will get its first test immediately in the Kaiser shipyards The decided on yesterday ay leaders of Americas two major labor provides for ar bitration of jurisdictional differ ences which cannot be solved b the unions The agree ment is subject to approval of the AFL and CIO executive but unity negotiations will go forward President it was has intervened to preveni a prospective drag out fight which fights the Nationa Labor Relations Board in the mid Through James his economic stabilization Mr Roosevelt has requested that lead ers of both organizations withhold their fire in the Kaiser battle and try to reach a conference solution The NLRB had ordered a hear ing at on 14 a the instigation of the CIO Marine and Shipbuilders which charges that the closed shop con tracts between AFL unions am three yards of Henry Kaiser were made The AFL Metal Trades Depart pledging all its resources in the has assailed the NLRB for disturbing an amiable relation If the contracts are set aside and a collective bargaining elec tion as the CIO wants the AFL says bitter electioneering will cut down vital ship production The CIO is so liciting support among the wesl coast Rival leaders disclosed their agreement after a day and a half o conferences in a Washington hole but would not discuss its practica application in relation to specific fights between constituent unions of the two Unles the individual unions ratify the there is some doub whether it can be made binding on any union which chose to reject it Harvey president o the AFL machinists declared in advance of the peace negotiations that the AFL committee no speak for or many others in the metal trades These are the unions involved in the Kaiser shipyards All Victims Of Night Club Fire Are Identified vic tims the Cocoanut Grove fire which took an official toll of 49C were reported identified to Victims not previously liste were Alexander o identified at South and Geha Theresa identifiec at North husband Allies Smash Another Jap Attempt To Land Troops In New Guinea Western Part of Michigan Snowed Under By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A cold wave gripped Michigan or a second successive day today vith temperatures dropping close o zero and the western section of he state digging itself out from snow A temperature of 6 above was reported from Battle That irea received but roads were ipen despite Ann Arbor re ported 11 above with a strong wind nd roads in fair The United States Weather Bu reau at Detroit predicted contin ued cold for with diminishi ng It was 10 above in De roit at 8 after having fal en four degrees in four Reduced highway travel as a consequence of gasoline rationing made the traffic problem less se than it might have been in areas where ice appeared on he State Highway Department Western Michigan had a fight o keep highways clear last night after a storm which threatened to assume blizzard Bus runsover US31 between Huskegon and cancel ed after one coach was marooned an hour near were re sumed this as were runs etween Traverse City and Manis Further occasional light snow vas but strong winds had Temperatures ranged from degrees in Mecosta county to 25 at At streets and high ivays were reported icy this morn ng with a temperature of one above zero at 9 One traffic death was attributed o the The victim was John of Grand who was killed last night in a headon collision of two automobiles on an cy road near Grandville on Police said the cars skidded into each was ridinjrjn or cardriven ay of Grand who suffered shock and possible internal Kerope and Fred riding in the same also ivere Arzoomian was placed in an oxygen tent in a Graham of Grond driver of the other and Melvin his compan also were A woman was slightly injured at Pontiac when a wooden barricade was blown Several store windows were blown in by winds that reached a velocity of 44 miles an hour Wednesday District Highway Department offices at Cadillac reported all trunk lines open today in the 13 county LudingtonPetoskeyCJare except for MS2 near Fer ry in Oceana Roads were generally open in the Grand Rap ids although oneway traf fic was necessary in Ionia county on M166 and Three school buses were strand ed at 13 miles south west of by drifting snow that closed side roads Wednesday and 17 youngsters found refuge in farm houses A num ber of outlying Ingham count schools disimssed their classes early yesterday and most of them closed MOTOR TRAVEL IN STATE OFF 3 travel on state trunkline highways showed a per cent decrease on the first day of gasoline ration the state highway depart ment said Commissioner Donald Kenne dy reported the figure represented the average of a count taken at 27 stations on Monday and Tues when rationing In the Thumb district on M53 north of Marlette the decline was 63 per cent from Monday on US16 be tween Lansing and traffic was off per while in the Detroit metropolitan area it was down only per presum ably because of war workers trav el to and from he December 1 travel in the state was per cent below the same date a year while a similar comparison at the Straits of Mack nac showed the number of vehi cles transported on state ferries fell from 606 to fewer than Straits traffic dropped from vehicles in to 065 last OFMY But Question of Raises Still Unanswered 3 OP Salary stabilization experts of the Treasurys Bureau of Internal Rev enue scattered to the storm cellars one jump ahead of an army of white collar workers shouting what about me Voluminous but somewhat vague details of a program planned to prevent most raises and hold all salaries to net a or a basic gross of were issued after of But the question of whether a lot of citizens named Joe will get rais es was still up to the bureaus regional offices to case by If its appeared to be just as big a question and dafor identi cal Under terms of the antiinfla tion program outlined by President Roosevelt and Economic Director James the bureau must regulate all salaries over net a plus those under that fig ure when paid to unor ganized executive and professional Last the bureau an nounced the outlining definitions and broad terms of the program in a singlespaced typewritten But as Joe searched it vainly for the solution to his specific problem a treasury spokesman admitted There are thousands of ques tions which remain While the new regulations indi cated that there are many ways by which salary increases may be giv the bureau stressed that mosl of them must be approved by the internal revenue commissioner through one of the regional stabili zation offices or both employei and employee may risk a fine or a years Raises may be given without the commissioners approval oniy for individual promotion or reclassi individual merit increases length of service under an estab lished operation of a trainee or such other reasons or circumstances as may be prescribec in rulings or regulations promul gated by the commissioner from time to Jap Destroyers Forced to Flea Without Aiding Their HardPressed Forces ALLIED HEADQUARTERS In 3 Douglas MacArthurs air forces upporting ground troops closing n on the BunaGona area on the New Guinea coast have smashed a new Japanese attempt to land re nforcements in a 12hour running battle with four Japanese destroy ers and their screen of fighter The allied planes knocked 23 ea emy fighters out of the air as they carried the attack to forcing the destroyers to withdraw with out materially aiding their hard messed forces on the shallow leachhead ringed by allied ground The planes also kept up low level attacks on Japanese ground posi tions between Buna and Brief reports from allied airmen described the night fight in the air and at sea as a great fireworks display with enemy warships shooting rockets to illuminate the allied The destroyers and their fighter screen were sighted in icon Tuesday coming from the coast of new Flying Fortresses roared to the attack and were engaged by the Japanese North Ameri can B25s came in and made a direct hit on one destroyer but the Hotilla continued its zigzag way to wards New Turn to AUSTRALIA Page 17 3 war labor board opened a conference here today in an attempt to med iate differences between the Con sumers Power and its CIO un ion employees who have threat ened to strike at midliight Frederick WLB sen ior mediation was in charge of the federal agencys attempt to avert a tieup that might affec power in 19 warbusy lower Michi gan The conferees met behind closed doors and none would comment on the prospects of an agreement on the demands made by the union for a union 15cent hourly wage increase and elimination of wage zone Noel of the state labor mediation said he was rep resenting the governor in this con The army was represented by Major John of its manpower and Henry corps investigator for the Saginaw Two Consumers Power Company Frank Boyce and Wilson both of were Harold National chair man of the Utility Workers Or ganizing Committee headed the union representatives who also included Herman president of the Michigan State Joint Utility Workers Coun cil Francis sec retarytreasurer of the andGarland council MotoristsJixpjricnce Trouble In Starting Cars It was real ear muff weather to day as temperatures in Adrian dropped to the four degree mark at 8 oclock this At 10 oclock it was five The minimum temperature yesterday was six degrees and the maximum A year ago today the minimum was 44 and the maximum With the temperature down to a new seasons Adrian resi dents wtih fuel oil heating equip ment shivered between patriotism and comfort in houses where heat is held at 65 The cold Wave caused motorists no end of Stiff motors re fused to start and many a car was moved down the street with a friendly push from a more fortun ate A few radiators boiled over after the liquid in them A return line in the steam heat ing system at the court house sprang a leak last night and work men were called in today to repair The about one inch in broke under the con crete floor of the basement outside the automobile license Adel bert Vedder of the building com mittee has charge of the It was believed possible to fix the line without inconvenience to em ployees in the BULLETINS TWO AIRMEN DIE IN CRASH 3 Second William 25 of Grand and Private Wil ton Toombs 20 of Little were killed in Un crush of their plane after a mid air collision over the British flying training school at Texas last Pilot Reed and radioman Toombs were on a routine night flight from Majors army air field near Ralph di rector of training at Majors said the Majors Field plane crash ed with a British flying school which made a crash landing with half its landing gear ripped George Derrick of pilot of the British was not CoPilot Marshall Callander of was cut over the Reeds parents are and Earl Reed of Lake Michigan Grand 3 The House by unanimous consent today passed legislation redefining agricultural parity to include tha costs of all farm a step against which President Roosevelt expressed unalterable opposition when antiinflation proposals were before Congress two months 3 Marine patrols attacking enemy forces on Guadalcanal have wiped out another 55 Japanese in the Solomon Islands and captured a quantity of arms and the navy announced J An attack by marines on a par trol of 60 Japanese near the up per River ended in lulling 35 of the enemy and capture ol some arms and In another patrol encounter in Hie Matanikau River area 20 addition al Japanese were 160 ARRESTED BERLIN from German Broad Berlin radio quoted a Vichy ment today as saying that French police had arrested 160 persons and interned 67 during November in their fight against Communism and British The broadcast listed 68 DeGaul list sympathizers as arrested and 37 as and declared that 70 terrorists had beenseized in possession of weapons and explo 3 on the strategic west coast ol has granted air base rights to the United States for the duration of the 3 bitter protest against what he termed general grants of power to the Gearhart Bi contended today that it to time for Congress to check up be fore it finds itself in the low and lonely position of the German His assertion came as the House nays and means committee open ed public hearings on a modified measure granting the Chief Exec utive powers to suspend tariff and regulations covering transmis sion into and oat of the
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