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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - December 2, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Colder Weather Details on Page Two DECEMBER 1942 3 Devastating Flood of Bombs Poured on Bizerte and Tunisia AIR BATTLES CLOUD SKY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS and French troops were reported today to have crossed the Tunisian coast al road north of denying to Axis troops access by land to the Libyan base at as British and American planes poured a dev astating flood of bombs on the main Axis strongholds of Bizerte and Tu Hitler was rushing troops to Tu nisia by sea and air in a desperate effort to stem the rolling Allied of fensive to drive his forces into the dispatches from Norlh Africa and tremendous air battles clouded the sky over North The Morocco radio reported the breakthrough to the coast in the south was somewhere between Sfax and both places still in Axis Sfax is 160 miles south of Tunis and Gabes is 80 miles farther south along the Tripoli is about miles farther to the southeast along the The radio report did not say where ihe road had been broken above but the most likely spot would be the junc tion of the coast road with a small road leading to Gafsa about 20 miles above Both Sfax and Gabes have been subjected to daylight aerial attacks and the fighting apparently has reached a scope and intensity not previously matched in British and American troops were reported slill driving wedge between Tunis and Bizerle in the north against Ihe heavyresistance of German tanks and infantry and the Morocco radio said the British first army apparently was in con tact with the nucleus of enemy re Near Tunis On 2 Roads Allied forces were approaching Tunis along two roads and were within artillery range northwest of the The heaviest fighting for Bizerte apparently was centered on the 28mile road from Mateur lead ing into the great French naval Allied forces have been in pos session of Medjez El 30 miles southwest of since delayed dispatches Allied driving a wedge be tween the Axis troops in Tunis and were exerting great pres sure on the enemy east of a rail center already in Allied As the fighting raged toward a Admiral Jean for mer Vichy defense head now co operating with the assumed the powers of chief of state in French Africa as ihe representa tive of Marshal Pclain who at pres ent is a the Morocco ra dio announced last Darlans action came after he had conferred with General Au jruste governor general in French and Pierre Bois governor general in French West Fighting French quarters having watched Darlans activities in North Africa with said the former Vichy official apparent ly was attempting to strengthen his political In an American air raid on Gabes yesterday airdromes and railroad yards were reported heavily dam aged and Sfax also was P3S fighters accompanied the bombers and when an American bomber was shot down over two P38s swooped to earth right behind it and picked up the crew of the wrecked dispatches The Adrian Telegram will ob serve its fiftieth anniversary to morrow and in observance of the occasion employees will enjoy a dinner this evening in Ameri can Legion Home on North Main An informal program has been In tomorrows the his tory of The Telegram will be re viewed as well as the histories of other papers that have been pub lished in Adrian since the first printing press was brought to the city from New York stale in A picture story also will show how the daily edition of Telegram is Lenawee Men Get Commissions At Marine Base Bradford Chaffin and Wal dron Stewart of Adrian and Edward Eugene Porter of Blissfield were commissioned as Second Lieu tenants in the Marine Corps Reserve today at after completing ten weeks of They will at Quantico for another ten weeks for officer AUCTIONS south of kef s AucL See advon MaV southwest or Tecuro REACH TUNISIAN EAST COAST KHENCHEIA ALGERIA American and French troops were reported to have reached the Tunisian coast between Sfax and severing Axis overland route from In the the British have driven a wedge between Bizerte and close to the last coastal road in Axis and appeared to be encircling the capital French troops were consolidating their holds from Djedeida to Pont Du Black arrows indicate the direction of various Allied OFMEAI 1943 OPA Explains Some Phases of Point System IP Youll have to learn how to juggle a new kind of money soon to put meat on the Disclosing a few more details of the meat rationing program sched uled for next the Office of Price Administration explained some phases of the point rationing system which has been developed particularly for handling such com Shortly after New every one will get war ration book 1 was the sugar book which also is being used for Book 2 will contain 192 coupons of different and These coupons are the coin of the new money system which Americans will have In stead cf quarters and youll have a red Al a red A2 a red A5 a red AS cou a red Bl and so through the whole alphabet ex cept I and and then all over again for the blue coupons in the same When meat rationing OPA will assign certain letters for use the first month or period of weeks red B and C for Feb then will put out a price in on various kinds of something like this Cut Points Per 1 Porterhouse S Lamb 3 Round Steak 4 Bacon 5 This illustration is strictly hypo because the big question which officials havent settled yet is the point values to be assigned dif ferent kinds of The points represent the figures on the cou From this point you budget your points just like your except that it will be your points rather than your money that will be You might have a ra tion of 48 meat points for Febru aryIf you spend all your coupons on you spend them all on porterhouse and thats If your taste runs to ham burger you get more of it for your The government has printed of these new ration money so that everyone can have While meat is expected to be the first commodity rationed with other things may be al lotted with the same For all the red coupons could be used for leaving all the blue coupons for perhaps although OPA does not contem plate clothing rationing at Generally the point values will be figures on available supplies rather than on intrinsic In some cases OPA might juggle the points from month to to influence the public to choose more plentiful by making those items cheap in In the case of for steaks might be made very expensive in points to get people to eat more plentiful that were the pork might be made more expensive than or vice Youll still have to pay real of as well as cou PROMOTED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS In North 2 Edson who trained Unit ed States parachute troops in Great Britain for the invasion of North was promoted to full colonel today by Eisenhower in recognition of the accomplish ments of his outfit in the African It was officially disclosed that Raffs men celebrated his 35th birthday 15 by landing from the air on a Tunisian capturing and then beating off Axis attempts to regain the B and C Books Are Expected to Be Out By End of Week The Lenawee county rationing board explained today the values of the coupons which must be turned in when gasoline is pur chased after it was learned that confusion exists as to how much gasoline each coupon is Four gallons of gasoline are given out with each coupon from an B or C the board Coupons from a D book issued for are good for one and onehalf gallons of Truck known as Tl and T2 are each good for five gallons of Coupons from E and R which are for nonhighway are good for one and five gallons of The rationing board said today that the work of processing and tailoring gasoline ration books was going steadily forward with the as sistance of IS volunteer workers from the civilian defense If the workers continue to the board hopes to have all B and C ration books tailored and ready for their owners by the end of this The books will be sent to ten cities and villages in the county and owners may get them in their respective The places where the books will be distributed have not been but the towns will be Mo Blissfield and Volunteer workers who are as sisting in processing the applica tion forms have no authority con cerning the amount of gasoline the applicant The volunteers must write their signatures on the booklets to indicate that they did the clerical but such work ers do not pass on They take the applications which have been approved by the board and is sue books as instructed by the This explanation came af ter the volunteers feared they might be held responsible for action which has been taken on the appli cation by the 10 SIX DEGREES Stopping long enough to foo the public into thinking it was going to start upward the mercury in the official government thermometer here dropped this morning to a new seasons low of six The previous minimum was 15 degrees on November At 7 oclock this the reading was 12 By 9 oclock the mercury had slipped to nine degrees and at 11 the sixdsgrees mark was the minimum tempera ture was 24 and the maxi 35 One year ago Adrian residents probably remarked of how mild it was for the maximum tempera ture on that day being 48 degrees and the 43 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Jap anese were attempting to reinforce their hardpressed troops in the BunaGona area of New Guinea to day as the Allied grip slowly closed on the enemy positions and latest reports received here said four Japanese destroyers were still heading for the island despite an attack by Allied bombers in which direct hits and near misses were Todays communique from Allied headquarters said only that an en emy naval force of four destroyers is apparently attempting to land A spokesman at headquarters reported the ships had been but there was no official report of the The communique reported that round forces were slowly narrow ing the area held by the Japanese along the coast of northeastern New Guinea and said Allied air units were operating in direct sup port of the ground One en emy dive bomber and two which attempted to attack Allied were shot the com munique Dispatches from the front re ported the Japanese were fighting furiously as they were forced back toward the The difficult terrain was proving as formidable an obstacle as the it was The Japanese were said to have dug themselves in with great skill with their strongest positions at Sanananda Buna and Buna These positions are not in great depth but front on marshy land and can be attacked only along narrow strips of fairly dry The enemy positions are arrang ed in a semicircle with machine gun positions on the outside and mortar batteries BULLETINS 2 An dersons shock troops were report ed today to have captured part of the highway linking Tunis and severing the last land com munication between the two Axis strongholds in 2 President Roosevelt today reorgan ied the governments petroleum but kept Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes in No details of the reorganization were available but the White House promised the text of the order as soon as The appeared to dispose of the plan to make Ickes Secretary of and manpower Japs Attempt To Reinforce New Guinea SAN 2 Dismissed for unfitnoss from the navy with which he had served 11 singeractor Tony Martin returned today to Los Angeles and the prospect of an immediate in terview with his Beverly Hills draft The2Dycarold radio and pic ture performer boaroed a bus for the south at Oakland last dressed in the civilian clothes he had said he did not want to walk around and his face partly concealed by dark Only a few hours before an or der had reached the Treasure Is land navy base stripping former husband of film star Alice of his rating as a chief spe cialist and releasing him from the Naval officials made clear this dismissal doesnt carry any degradation and should not be construed as a dishonorable dis At Treasure Martin had been assigned to staginb entertain ment for navy personnel Last summer Maurice was courlmartialed on Treasure Island on various charges of falsehood and unoffirerlike con one of which was con trary to naval he ac cepted a S950 automobile as a gift from Martin for facilitating the singers Martin testified first that Aroff did accept the car as a gift and later that the officer had arranged to pay for it in Notice of Aroffs discharge came from Washington only two weeks No direct mention of the Aroff affair accompanied the or der for Martins The wavyhaired entertainers imminent encounter with the Bev erly Hills draft board will not be his The board issued a com plaint against him Christmas charging failure to report for a physical then in flew to the coast and was accepted in the navy as a noncommissioned offi Later the draft boards com plaint was dismissed by order of the attorneys office which termed it a War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AFRICA Hitler frantically rushes reinforcements to Tunisia by sea and air as Allies cut Axis escape corridor to Tripoli by sev ering coastal road 200 miles south of Axis forces still firmly entrenched despite heavy blows to their air British Egyptian army pounds Rommels remnants with artillery at El Agheila pre paratory to new push report Hitler pulls troops from Stalingrad to bolster forces in DonVolga trap claim in Stalingrad and on Moscow front with more Nazis slain in breaking long warns invasionjittery na tion seeking peace means re nouncing forever dream of being great nation and terms 100 times worse than Admits high aerial casualties and evacua tion of women and children from Mussolini Replies To Churchill 2 Mussolini struck back angrily day to Prime Minister Churchills warning that the Italian people shold sue for peace and said the Italians will not be inferior to the British and Reading extracts from Chur chills warning that Italy would be placed under scientific and shattering air Musso lini said Churchill hoped to un dermine the resistance of the Ital ian If this should happen the Ital ian nation would renounce forever its dream of being a great the Premier Mussolini was heard coughing and breathing heavily as he deliv ered his speech to the Fascist chamber of Intoning Churchills accusation that one man and one man only was responsible for Italys entry into the Mussolini asked scornfully when did the prime minister ever ask the British peo ple if they wanted war He promised that Germany would reinforce Italy with powerful contributions and said the joint ItalianGerman defenses will give the raiders a hot Women and children are being removed from Italian cities and towns to leave fighters masters of the Mussolini There have been reports of mass evacuation from Turin and which have been heavily raided by RAF bombers based in England in recent Referring to Churchills re proach for the stab in the back to Mussolini declared that no one expected France to collapse so suddenly and added that France still had air force and navy in tact when Italy declared Will Fight To Victory When he came to Churchills question to the Italian how long will it last Mussolini said I answer in the most solemn Until we a chieve complete Defending Italys inlo the he said that if she had re mained neutral both belligerents would have maltreated Noting that Churchill called him a Mussolini said he consid ered himself a thousand times more a gentleman than intoxicated with alcohol and to Englands history of the last 300 years is one of a long of acts worthy of he Churchill says my empire is but the word has not been premier complained that nobody ever really understood Italy and every time we asked for something we found obstacles in our Turn to MUSSOLINI Page 6 Knox Sees Wars Outlook As Brightest In 3 Years Russians Report Continued Successes On Two Fronts By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 2Steady suc cesses in Soviet offensives on two bolstered with a telling blow by Soviet air power in the Stalingrad marked the bal tle of Russia today as the Red ar my continued to count its dead foe in the Enemy resistance continued the midnight commun but it asserted that both in the area of Stalingrad and on the central front west of Mos cow our troops continued their offensive in the same direction as before and occupied several pop ulated The communique discussed at length operations about where Axis legions moved in 100 days ago to lay siege to the indus trially important river There was still fighting within the in the factory areas where the invaders had establish ed themselves in pillboxes and But in the corridor between the Induced By Smoke and Heat of Night Club Fire five survivors of the Cocoanut Grove holocaust battled in addition to today as de mands were heard for an overhaul ing of night club safety precau tions along the lines of theater regulations prompted by the Iro quois theater fire in Chicago in Charles Lund said at City hospital that every survivor was Xrayed for pneumonia and treat ed with the finest known sulpha but that the pneumo nia was induced by smoke and heat inhaled during the The 35 cases developed yester and other cases may he as the Boston Committee on Public Safety set the disaster deaths at with all but two bodies Twin investigations into the fire proceeded one by the city and one by the with officials vowing they would follow through to the last grain of but whether any evidence would be placed before a grand jury conven ing today was The most sweeping move toward tighter control over night club safety conditions was taken in Bos ton where police last night closed 51 night clubs and other dine dancedrink places pending a com plete recheck of the premises by building Their action came shortly after the Boston license commission had banned all entertainment and danc ing in the citys licensed night hotelsand at the behest of Governor Leverett Sa for similar Act first and let someone ques tion your authority the gov ernor told the The board earlier had pointed out that it had no inspectors and was dependent on police and other city de partments for information on which to TUG SBNTCS 2 sank early today about 15 miles northwest of Cleve land and the 14 members of her crew are unaccounted the coast guard The of the allied which the tug had in re ported the Coast guard life boats from Cleveland and Lorain and one tug from each port were sent to the JAIL Fined for Aiding Nazi Saboteurs NEW 2 thony Yorkville me convicted of treasonably aiding two of the eight Nazi sab oteurs landed by submarine in the United States last today was sentenced to 45 years in prison and fined After sentence was imposed by Federal Judge Henry Defense Counsel Harold Medina said he would At the trial of who was convicted the government charged he gave aid and comfort to Werner Thiel and Edward Kerling after they landed by sub marine on the Florida intent on destroying units of the nations aluminum Cramer was accused of meeting the two saboteurs in New and of giving false information to Fed eral Bureau of Investigation agents in an attempt to conceal Thiels mission and Both Thiel and to gether with four of their compan later were put to death after trial by a military court in Wash Cramer had faced a possible maximum penalty of In presenting its case against the government charged that he met Thiel on June less than a week after the saboteurs landed in the United and had ar ranged several meetings with One of the Nazi experts in de Ernest Peter whose life was spared by the mili tary court which condemned six of his testified against Cra Cramers defense was that he did not know Thiel was here on a mission of Cramers was the third trial in federal courts of persons accused of treason in aiding one or more of the Three men were condemned to death in Chicago 24 and their who had been tried with were sen tenced to 25 years in prison and fined Helmut Astoria garden was freed of a treason charge Monday when a judge in federal court here directed a verdict of ac quittal on grounds that the gov in presenting failed to produce at least two wit nesses to testify to each overt act Leiner also was accus ed of aiding After his he was interned for the duration as a dangerous enemy CIVILIAN OFFICIALS HAVE FINAL WORD ON MUNITIONS OUTPUT 2 The final word on scheduling of munitions output apparently rested today with civilian puted victors in a backroom verbal slugging match with the armed With President Roosevelt in the dual role of matchmaker and ref the long pending controversy was declared settled yesterday with Vice Chairman Charles Wilson of the War Production the new boss of aircraft The announc ed the problem was as he previously said it would getting the participants together in a room and keeping them there un til an agreement was A government official said WPB Chief Donald Nelson who ap pointed Wilson head of a little WPB for the aviation emerged victor of the Pro duction scheduling of all other mu nitions would be managed by the armed he but un der a delegation of authority from A spokesman for the WPB chair declined to confirm or dney this report and said the agreement was not placed in writ Volga and the Don River to the Russian forces were reported continuing thier crowding opera trying to cut off and destroy piece by piece the remnants of the vast army that General Fe dor von Bock deployed in the area more than three months Here the Red air force came in to The communique re ported it had shot 20 trimotored German junkers transport planes out of the air yesterday and then had raided airdromes to destroy 30 Communications Cut The enemy has been attempting to bring up supplies and war ma terials with transport the communique Pincers thrown far west of Stalingrad by Russian columns previously had cut Axis rail and road De struction of the flying freighters adds to the harassment of the in vaders caught in the Don Soviet units repelled attacks in the factory area of the communique and killed 300 of the To the there were artillery To the south the Red army strengthened its positions and in some sectors continued their v Northwest of Stalingrad our troops continued their offensive on the left bank of the said the The enemy was offering resistance in an attempt to check the Soviet Red army breaking up the en emys are continuing their The war bulletin tallied more than invaders killed in the days There was less detail given about the battles waged on the frozen swamp land and over snowfilled roads in the RzhevVyazmaVeli kie Luki but success claims were Stubborn resistance was broken west of the Russians arid several populated places were Turn to RUSSIANS Page 9 At Least5 More Enemy Ships Sunk By Our Subs 2 United States naval pressure on Japans vital supply lines squeezed tighter today with at least five more enemy ships sent to the bot tom of the Pacific by American Two additional enemy vessels were struck by torpedoes and one probably the navy an nounced last bringing the toll of American undersea craft to date to 98 Japanese ships 22 probably sunk and 28 The representing enemy vessels of all reached the new figure by the sinking of an enemy a tank er and three cargo ships of and A cargo ship was damaged and an other of twice that displacement was believed The navys latest submarine suc cesses were reported as Admiral Chester the Pacific fleets envi sioned American warships closing in on areas more strongly held by the At a presentation of medals to 21 officers and men at the Pearl Harbor subriiarine Nimitz declared the navys task will in crease in difficulty as it moves but added Our efforts in the past year have inspired the entire fleet with a dauntless spirit which gives me full confidence in ultimate vic Naval officials in Washington observed that the results obtained by American submarine since the start of the war represented one the greatest contributions to puncturing Japans naval es to her stolen and man Jf in the Pacific and the China In the southwestern Pacific American forces in the Solomon Is lands were proceeding with the job of cleaning the unwilling Jap anese out of Guadalcanal with what was described as routine trol This the navy in cluded giving the Japanese outpost on the island a heavy dose of ar tillery fire accompanied by straf ing and bombing from American The artillery bombardments and aerial action supported army and marine ground patrols in the vi cinity of the Americanheld air No accounting was given capture SUpplies DIES EN CRASH NEW 2 WJSecond Lieutenant Charles of Irene Hay of Bay was killed yesterday in crash of his army fighter plane The eastern defense command gave no Lieutenant Hay married Jayne McKeown of Detroit 13 shortly after his graduation from Kelly They had made Home at son City the at their BEFORE PEARL Says Japans Casualties Be lieved Five Times Greater Than Ours By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW 2 View ing the war outlook as the bright est in three Secretary of Navy Knox disclosed today that Japanese casualties are believed five times greater than Americas and that the United States navy is larger and more powerful than the day before Pearl Balancing the nations books of war near the end of a year Knox told the National Association of Manufacturers con vention in a prepared We have expended a lot of precious ships and but we have exacted a toll the enemy can ill Tht navy secretary asserted that while Japanese casualty fig ures could not be trusted even if they were United States intelligence officers esti mate that since 1941 to the Japanese in all thea aters have lost in killed or per manently injured roughly Approximately he are navy casualties or about 10 per cent of the estimated Japanese naval United States na val he are about ona per cent of the personnel strength and estimates of comparative loss and damage of ships and planes Is equally We have a larger and more powerful navy measured in ton air power or anything he than the day before Pearl the day after Pearl Production records have been broken on almost every type of craft and I might add that the Navy uses more than 150 dif ferent I think you would like to know that the private companies government yards which are build ing combat ships are setting rec ords equal to anything now be ing achieved in the production merchant Admits Inefficiency Acknowledging that in the war effort America had displayed tim con waste and all the other things the critics Knox de clared that in contrast We have converted the great est peaceful industrial plant into the greatest arsenal of all We have maintained our free doms and our solvency at We have an army in the South Pacific an army in Britain and an army in Africa and we equip ped We have a navy on all the seas and it has no apologies for its performance to We have mounted offensives at two And the first anniversary of the war is still to he ad I think as long as we do not overlook our failures there is nothing very immoral about taking a little comfort from our I have said it before and I will again risk the assertion that in view of the complexities and the enormity of the to dale this has been Americas best run On the debit the Secretary of Navy cited the nations men killed anl missing since Pearl the staggering total of spent on munitions and war construction this yea and predicted that the bill for 1943 would be more than S70000 Turn to KNOX Page 9 ORDERED OUT IN MICHIGAN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A swirling snowstorm accom panied by sharply falling temper brought snow plows of the state highway department out in force through most of western Michigan but department officials at regional headquarters in Grand Rapids reported that all trunk roads were open despite con tinuedsnow and heavy drifts in some The highway report ing for eleven west Michigan coun said the heaviest snowfall had occurred in Oceana county where five inches fell In other areas the overnight fall averaged about two the department The Coast Guard station at Grand Haven reported blizzard conditions on Lake but had received no news of distress from vessels on the Heavy drifts and falling tem peratures were also reported at South Haven and in Van Buren with all available road cleaning equipment pressed into Ludington was experiencing its first blizzard of the but all state and county roads had been kept open up to The highway department said that while all trunk lines were roads were dangerously icj in virtually all of west
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