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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - November 23, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Rain WeatherDetails on Two NOVEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 GERMAN LINES SMASHED BY REDS JAPS IKE LAST DESPERATE FIGHT IS FIERCE BUT ALLIES ARE WINNING 1 Enemy 19 2 Landing Boats De stroyed by Allies JAPS IN TOUGH SPOT By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS GENERAL MacARTHURS Head American and Australian airmen plunged into battle against the Japanese forces making a desper ate last stand on the beaches of the Buna area in northeastern New Guinea yesterday and when the smoke cleared they had sunk one destroyed 19 enemy planes and smashed two small land ing in addition to giving Japanese ground troops a daylong The Japanese were fighting back bitterly from their precarious po sitions on the coastal strip between Buna and Gona with every wea pon at their but the Al lied noose was slowly drawing The destroyer sunk by apparently was trying to land troops at Buna to aid the besieged Japanese forces there and official reports mentioned the possibility that troops may actually have been landed before the a spokesman at head quarters said the destroyer was not operating with four other Japanese destroyers believed to have been sent to reinforce the Buna This destroyer flotilla was steaming 1o the northwest when last he Moving In after the Allied fliers had subjected Japanese ground po sitions to a terrific American and Australian troops captured a new landing strip at Buna from the Attack Buna Mission Other Allied forces were reported attacking the Buna one mile from Buna and the main land ing field on the outskirts of the The attacking Japanese positions at 12 miles up the coast from furi ously for were be lieved to have advanced closer to Iheir but the exact situ ation there was Twelve Japanese escorted by 20 Zero fighters ap peared over the forward Allied po sitions yesterday but they vere intercepted by Allied planes and ilew back to their bases at Lae and leaving a number of smoking wrecks of planes Including the victims in the dive bomber formation and planes de stroyed on the Allied air men wrecked 19 enemy planes yes terday for the loss of only one American The air command made the strongest air effort of the cam paign in the combined attacks on sea and A North Ameri can B25 was credited with the di rect hit which sank the Japanese but all other types of planes were engaged in fighting off enemy air attacks and bombing the Japanese ground NEW GUINEA PORT MORESBY Berlin Radio Hints Rommel Has Changed Headquarters To Tunisia Rickenbacker Never Doubted That He And Companions Would Be Saved Despite strongest forces in New Guinea have managed virtually to encircle Japanese held Buna broken Latest reports indicaie troops are closing in on three sides of Buna black arrows and the fall of that city appeared Victory at Buna would enable Allied troops to drive against Japanese footholds in Sala mua and Lae not north of present Cermond And Hawley To Re port Crowded Conditions To State Fire Marshal An inspection of six apartment buildings in Adrian last week by Fire Chief Jack Hawley on orders from Louis commis sioner of public revealed that four of the buildings inspect ed are serious fire hazards while the other two are in only a fair Conditions in the most of which are large frame build ings which have been altered slightly to allow the owners to pack as many families in as pos will be reported immediately to the state lire marshals The housing shortage in Adrian may he Commissioner Germond but its not so bad that lives have to be endangered by sticking families in the attics of old We intend to do somt thing about this now and not wait until lives arc lost before taking Chief Hawleys report indicated that some of the buildings were little more than In one for a two story frame structure has been arranged as living quarters for 24 persons in six different In 25 persons are living in a three story The most seri ous part of the condition is that i a fire starts in those the residents night be In the three story there is only a single means of egress frorr the second and third which means that if a fire should start in or near the lone loss o life or injury probably would re Chief Hawley said that in severa instances the wiring in the building is in poor condition with extensioi wires wound around In some the basements were filled with Other apartment houses in the city probably will be inspected in the near But th state fire marshals office will b asked to take quick action in th four most glaring Had Been Druggist In Adrian And Other Cities Special to The Abraham 60 years died in his home at 128 North Street at oclock this morning after a short Dersham was born at He attended the Lenawee Junction Adrian high school and Ferris Institute at Big He was employed as an apprentice druggist at the Han Shaw store in Adrian and later owned drug stores in Bliss and in Morenci where he had lived the last eight Der sham was member of the Pres byterian church in the Masonic lodge in Blissfield and the Kiwanis Club in He was married in Adrian to Miss Blanche Miles of Morenci who He also leaves one Miles Dersham of one Der sham of Morenci and a Slater of North The funeral will be held Wed nesday afternoon at 3 oclock in the Stockwell Funeral Home and the burial will be in Oak Grove TO VISIT PRESIDENT President Carlos Arroyo del Rio o Ecuador was to arrive here toda to be the guest of President Roose upon whose direct invitation he is visiting the United President Del Rios arrival las night by chartered plane in At lanta was devoid of I a message broadcast after his ar rival he expressed brother greetings to the people of the Un ited States and declared his coun try has always sought in law an in peace the standard of conduc to be followed by all the nation of the Italy Appears On Verge Of Panic By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Unhappy which went to var for a quick victory in s now faced with cascading dis sters abroad and at home and ap icars today on the verge of nation wide Dispatches from half a dozen European cities all pointed to ap iroaching crisis the regime ol remier Mussolini as the nation aced complete loss of its forces and lands in Africa and possible in asion at saw its cities blast ed by allied bombs and policed by more and more German all probably adding up to sudden A total of German tour sts were reported infiltrating the bolster icollnpsing norale while propaganda minister Allessandro Pavolini felt compell ed to ask Italiansxvoluntarily to evacuate large cities if their pres ence in them was not RAF experts in London declar ed photographs taken above Genoa after the raids of 19 and since showed the great port has been made useless as an effective Axi supply channel for months to come The arsenal cities of Milan and Turin have also felt the blows o British twoton The photos showed that in Genoa alone one patch of 27 an other of 20 completely burn ed In Genoa and according to American radio cries of peace greeted King Vittorio Emanuele when he went to see bombed The British radio relayed re ports from Switzerland which told of thousands of refugees stream ing out of northern Italian and reports in Ankara said the Germans were preparing a second line defense along the old AustroItalian With the flower of Italian mill 1STAFFORD lary might already smashed or in East Africa and now in others forced into freezing frontline positions in and still other Italian units apparently headed for capture or a costly evacuation from talk was even spreading in Italy of evacuating according to diplomatic channels tappedin Jitters have been the general re cent mood of the Italian which was heard last week in Lon don in this vein Italys hour has Europes hour also is near is ready to pounce on As compensation for all its Italy had only Nice and taken from prostrate France when the Germans occup ied the Vichy zone and held only on sufferance of the Nazi overlords To Become British Plane Pro duction Minister 23 Staf ford regarded as the num ber two man in the British govern ment a few months droppet from the war cabinet today to be come minister of aircraft produc tion at Prime Minister Churchills For some British politica observers there had been re ports that Sir Stafford had failed to see eye to eye with his cabinet They asserted also that in his positoin as leade of the House of Commons he hac been unhappy and unpopular with some in asking tha Sir Stafford take the ministry o aircraft said his pro posal was conceived solely to mee a most serious war Sir Stafford was lord privj leader of the House of Com mons and member of the war cab his change occasioned a re shuffle of posts and Into the war the gov ernments inner went anoth er vigorous and popula Herbert who for year has been marked as a potentia prime minister in event of labo regaining He retained h posts as home secretary and min ister of home Foreign Secretary Anthony Ede ook on the additional duties o of the Sir Staffords office as lord priv eal went to Viscount Cranborm olonial The latter por olio went to Major Oliver Stanley ho in the past has held a grea ariety of ministerial president of the board of edi president of the board rade and who ha een minister of aircraft produ was made resident ministe n charge of supply repr enting the minister of productio n Sir Staffords star shone th Tightest last He was a public He had a ALLIES TAKE PRISONERS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 23 IP The British First with Ameri can and French was re ported today to have launched a g attack against the German alian positions in the defense per meter of Bizerte and Tunis where onetime German master f Africandesert was aid to be in command with per aps a part of his Africa Tha radio in Alliedheld Moroc o said prisoners already had been rought in asa result of the Brit h attack which the Allies have een preparing for a and Berlin broadcasts hinted lommel had transferred his heari uarters and perhaps some of his forces to Previously the British and forces which had treamed across North Africa for undreds of miles in a race to get ontrol of Tunisias middle Medi erranean bases were reported to iave tested the defenses in the lorthern tip of the French pro and Radio Morocco quoted an Allied spokesman as aying their attacks were growing ANOIHEB SCB LATjTfCHED The fourth submarine built on the Great Lakes in World War n was launched yesterday by the Manir towoc Shipbuilding Christened the Puffer by Ruth Lyons of she is a fleettype submarine similar to her sister the accepted Saturday by the Intensive Use Of Existing Housing Urged In Defense Council Bulletin The housing committee of the Michigan Council of Defense at in a bulletin issued urges local cooperation in Adrian ana 17 other areas in the state in solving war manpower Adrian is one of 18 Michigan cit ies designated by the federal gov ernment as critical housing cen The stale committee rurges the intensive use of existing housing in the 18 areas and has suggested seven methods that might provide room for more war The use of all unoccupied rooms in houses so single war workers or childless couples can be housed is one method suggested to alleviate the housing The shar ing of especially by two or more units of related families so that other quarters may be made available also is In other suggestions theslate lousing committee recommend the conversion of larger houses in lo rental units the renting o nouses now being held vacant fo the opening of rental proper ties to families with th possible conversion of commercia properties for family Use and th winterizing of summer cottages fo year around War production requires ade quate housing for the workers nee essary to accomplish the bu letin says and emphasizes tha manpower problems and housin problems are The progress of the war has created serious manpower an materials situations for which th government continually seeks th best One underlying prin ciple is definitely established an will doubtless mus make intensive of what w haye in in materials an in PEARL Captain Eddie sur vivor of many close brushes with never doubted for a mo ment during his three weeks on a tiny rubber raft in the South Pa cific that he and his companions would be The American flying ace of the First World War cited his own re ligion as the buoying hope during the days of ordeal after the big army plane in which he was flying on an inspection trip for the sec retary of war went down for lack of fuel October I hold to the golden rule and I believe most firmly that if a man just follows what he truly knows and feels in his then he can not go and is possessed of re ligion enough to get by in any mans said the 52yearold Ricken who has survived the perils of auto downed 21 enemy planes in aerial and was badly hurt in the crackup of an The tale of the rescue of Ricken backer and six of his seven com of them died and was buried at was brought to Pear Harbor from an atoll somewhere in the South where the res ued men were first brought to afety and It was a ale of of rain and of starvation staved off with he help of raw fish and Official advices said all the sur ivors who were hospitalized are recovering but that it may be a month before Colonel Hans of is able to The eight men took to three rubber rafts after the plane touched the From then on Jiey were lost to the world until William pilot of a navy searching spotted one of the little rafts the night of Rafts Are Separated The three rafts became sepa rated the afternoon of One of the Alexander Kacz of meanwhile had William of Abi pilot of the Rickenback er plane and sole occupant of one of the was the first to be He was sighted by Eadie and flown back to an island With his rescue hope rose that the others would be See RICKENBACKER Page 5 n The broadcast said that one clash miles south ot he coast and that the engagement remained Allied spokesmen were quoted as admitting that the Germans and Italians were well established with a strong air force at Bizerte and Tunis and it was apparent that the Axis was going to make a fight to retain their dominance of the Si cilian straits Allied forces have launched an attack against enemy forces en trenched around the towns of Tun s and said the Morocco announcement this Prisoners Brought Back The main Allied forces are be ing actively brought up to the front to attack the whole of the Axis occupied The first prisoners have been brought back to the See MEDITERRANEAN Page 11 Just A Mistake Japs Suffer Series of DevastC ating Raids 23 American Sky Dragons of the China command sank a big Jap anese transport or possibly an aircraft French yesterday to cap a series of devastating allied week end raids upon the Japanese from Burma in the south to the Yangtze basin in The ship of between and uccessfu mission to Russia behind lim he was a bright new member jf the cabinet before full of was a mission to India to set le the deadlock over Britains rule and Indias role in the war No settlement of the India prob em was Sir Stafford re urned emptyhanded and since hen his influence in the govern nent and his popularity with the jeople have been waning LEHMATTO BECOME REHABILITATION AND RELIEF DIRECTOR 23 Herbert Lehman was back in lis executive chambers put ting his affairs in order before eaving next week for Washington to become director of foreign relief and Lieutenant Governor Charles who will take over the slate reins for about a con ferred with Lehman on unfinished including the 3 clemency hearing for Louis Lepke Emanuel Weiss and Louis convicted mur scheduled for electrocution at Sing Sing prison President Roosevelt indicated Saturday he wanted Lehman to set up as soon as possible the or ganization for the important new post which the 64yearold Demo cratic governor visualizes will ex tend away end of the tons was destroyed in a de vastating assault upon the dock and warehouse area of the enemy occupied port on the Gulf of Ton it was announced at head quarters of Claire L commander of the China air task Observers said that the vesse probably was a transport but tha it possibly could have been a car Immense fires were declared to have been left enveloping the Haiphong over which supplies are believed flowing in land for a Japanese attack on Yunnan in southern from This raid provided explosive emphasis to the expanding alliec air which fell heavily up on the enemy in raids since Frida by Chinese and Britisl Turn to ATTACKS Page 2 Consequently Lehman expects to leave his home since first as lieutenant governor under Roosevelt and then as by earlier if pos The governors task apparently will but vastly exceed in the relief activities of Her bert Hoover World War DRAFT GROUP LEAVES FOR DETROIT TD1H Lenawee county men who pas final physical examinations in De troit tomorrow will be inducte in to the Those who ar to appear are to meet in Ad rian armory on West Maume Street at oclock this evenin roll call and final instruction They will reassemble later at th Wabash station and leave for De troit at Lists of thos who are accepted for the Army to morrow will be available later i the A group of for active duty at Fort Custer a so left Adrian early mornin The group was composed of thos men who were accepted and in ducted in Detroit November AUCTIONS Auction southwest of Lypn Vriehan Set ad fron MaiWt Gasoline Panel To Meet Every Night This Week To Speed Approval Work The Lenawee county rationing board this morning awaited the de livery of all A gasoline rationing forms which were filed by some county motorists last The Adrian forms have been de along with others from some but sheriffs officers and county school at tendance were collecting the blanks from other village and rural schools this The rationing board was busy to day with a steady line of persons quiring for instructions for fill application blanks for ex a gasoline rations on the B and Applications now are be g taken and will be taken for emainderof the Those who eed assistance in filling out the anks are being helped by civilian fense volunteers at the Adrian ty hall and in villages in the Eight workers were at the ty hall today from 9 to 5 from 7 to 9 to The same hours will be ob erved tomorrow and n Blissfield help can be had at eegers in Clinton at the ffice of and in ecumseh at the office of Wade village Harry county treas rer and chairman of the ration ng said this morning that he board was at grips with the roblem of processing thousands of pplications for supplemental ra He said that the gasoline anel of the consisting of Kauffman and George Baker of Adrian and Victor Hudson vill meet every night to process he Bradley will also help with the He was Dessimistic concerning the possibil FORT You wouldnt have believed The fellow in the privates uni from the guardhouse to Major Vincent judge advocate at Fort that he was not a sol dier but a the uniformnot Its all a he You wont believe it and nobody else but heres what happen ned Russian Counter Offensive Springs From South of Stalingrad By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS mighty Red army counteroffensive sprung from the northwest and south of Stalingrad has put thousands of Germans to the Russians re ported and the Nazi forces which have besieged the Volga city vainly for three bloody months were pictured as facing disastrous Broken German divisions were declared fleeing across the frosty Steppes before the surge of Rus sian guns and tanks in the greatest Soviet offensive of the adding new casualties to the Nazis reported killed and captured in the past few Here is the story of the as given in official Soviet announce ments and in warfront dispatches Already some Germans have been killed and more captured since the Russians sprang their The German besiegers of Stalingrad have been placed in a perilous and the German forces in the Caucasus are being held to a standstill as the bitter Russian winter sets The Stalingrad offensive stretch ed two arms around the Germans still holding positions in Stalingrad and placed the Russians astride two important railway lines used by the Germans to supply these Im in Detroit in my sailor suit and am thrown in the jug for being In the cell is a also So we get to talking and decide to change uniforms just to see what the other one feels Then a sailor mind take a catnap in this soldier suit and when I wake up my friend is gone with my The guards tell me he has been taken to the Naval Training Station at Great by the shore Im trying to think what to do when two burly military police stand in the cell and tell me to hustle that were going back to Fort I tell them Im a one of them winks at the and I decide not to So Im in the guardhouse here Seaman Clarence Leroy in an army and your soldier boy is in the bri at Great Major Rosecrans thought the story warranted A phone call to Great Lakes brought information that Jack Hottenfel ler of West garbed in a sailors was insisting he belonged in the army at Camp Hottenfeller is now in the guard house here and its sailors in the brig at Great ty that the board can pass ment on the thousands of B and C ipplicalions before December the lay rationing Bradley said today that the board may seek help from the ounty civilian defense council by asking for volunteer He aid that volunteers must be par icularly well qualified because of he nature of the Turn to RATIONING Page 7 ATTACK STUTTGART LONDON IP trong force of British bombers ast night attacked an mportant manufacturing center in southwest on a raid from which 10 planes failed to it vas announced The Berlin radio quoted a DNB dispatch which said incendiacy Dombs had caused slight damage n one town of southern but did not identfy the The capital of Wuerttemberg lies approxi mately 400 miles southeast of Do A center of aviation and elec trical it was attacked three nights in succession by the RAF last It wasthe first RAF raid upon Germany since the night of when Hamburg and other places in northwestern reaches of the Reich were Untillast the 9 raid had been the only one this month by night against Germany but Italy has been attacked six Airraid alarms were soundedin Swtizerland during the which may have been caused by a raid on southern Other alerts in Switzerland usually indicate British air operations di rected at early morning pritish reports today failed to men anysuch ANTIHOARDING REGULATIONS ARE PREDICTED Overbuying of food products by householders fearful of future ra tioning programs may force the government into adopting anti hoarding An official disclosed today that panicbuying of foods and other commodities has become wide spread enough to give the Office of Price Administration The hysteria seems to be get ting near the point where we are forced to consider the rationing of things that otherwise wouldnt have to be explained the federal The proposed antihoarding reg ulation now study by the he compel pur chasers to declare their present supply of any rationed article they Any such he would be difficult to enforce since the OPA has no idea of in vading private homes to inspect food Tha official asserted that by making excess or unnecessary pur chases of food and other scarce commodities illegal householders might be made to realize the seri ousness of The offensive dispatches with a onehour artillery bar rage so intense that when the fir ing ceased only isolated enemy guns Red army infantry and tanks then piled through the German front driving the enemy from trenches into the open Germans Overwhelmed The German front line was over whelmed by the ferocity of the Russian dispatches Prisoners started to pour in and guns and mortars piled up as the Red army carried the advance as far as 45 miles at some During the night of 2223 our troops in the Stalingrad area continued to carry out successful operations and continued to move the midday Russian communique In a special communique issued last night the Russians announced that a Red Army force sweeping forward from northwest of Stalin grad had reached and occupied 50 miles west of Stalin while another column strik ing westward south of the city had occupied the railroad town of In aggresive motion on a wide stretch of the long front Russian troops were credited today with killing some enemy soldiers within Stalingrad and on the Nal Leningrad and northwestern fronts in addition to those slaugh tered in the Stalingrad Two companies of Germans were wiped out in the factory area of Stalingrad when the Russians smashed two the com munique Along the route of the two pronged drive two German storm battalions were reported routed northwest of Stalingrad and much material South of the com munique our troops continue to advance inflicting heavy losses on the About 600 German officers and men were wiped out and 40 guns and 70 machine guns were Russian it was report destroyed seven enemy strong points in the Nalchik area of the Caucasus and dispersed two com panies of On the northwestern Red army troops took a fortified point from the Germans and killed about 400 soldiers while at Leningrad snipers killed 400 more in two days of the communique But the main Russian attack was being delivered where the Russians have suffered most this on the plains outside Turn to RUSSIANS Page 2 BULLETINS HEIFETZ RECOVERING 23 the concert was recuperating here today from a mild attack of Influenza that forced his managers to cancel two en gagements scheduled for this Marvin Atlanta concert said Heifetz was forced to bed aftera recital here Saturday night during which he had a temperature of 102 In compliance with advice from the physicians that he avoid the strain of concerts for the next few days as a precautionary measure McDonald said the Heifetz pro grams at Tues day and at later this week had been 23 The United States has reached satisfactory agreement with Mar Secretary of State Hull said as a result of which there is not likely to be any neces sity for American occupation of the French Caribbean Hull told his press conference the new covered all French possesions in the western including French In he it was a re newal of the agreement originally made in 1910 with Admiral French high commissioner on Mar with important additions and 23 The Senate shelved today legisla tion to ban the collection of poll taxes as a requirement for voting in federal The action followed defeat of a motion to end filibuster through limit on de
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