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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - October 26, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Colder CWesther on Pace Two OCTOBER 1942 PRICE 3 Axis Troops Unable To Close Up Gaps In Their Desert Lines EGYPTIAN DRIVE MAY BE AWAITED SECOND FRONT British Eighth Army Pushes Through Toward Main Axis Defense Centers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct Its Britains army of the Nile beat off German and Italian at tempts to close the gaps driven into the El Alamein and moved tanks and mobile artillery forward today under strong aerial cover for the expect ed test of strength with Rom mels main tank Much of the battle still was being fought in the air where the Black Scorpion squadron of United States fighters shot down four of yester days Allied bag of seven Axis United States bombers and fighterbombers joined British squadrons in virtually unceasing assault upon Rommels massing his lines of supply and his grimly beset defense system in the 40mile battle belt between the Quattara salt marshes and the Battlefront dispatches indicated that the British eighth army had penetrated well into the Axis ad vance system of mine barbed wire barriers and strong points and were fanning out toward his main defense Cairo dispatches published in London newspapers said two Axis defense lines had been overrun in one sector in a twomile half way through the enemy de A said armored units on both sides had been in volved in preliminary engage and reported that the enemy was unable to dislodge our troops from the areas already Up to 6 the war bulletin German and Italian prisoners had been Fighting French forces with the eighth army were described in London as the largest French force yet to participate in the North African They are commanded by De Larminat and include the Fighting French stand at Bir Hacheim oasis during the German offensive which drove the Allies out of Libya earlier this Turn to Page 2 Four tons of scrap metals were contributed by Adrian boys and girls at the scrap matinee arranged Saturday at the Croswell the contributions ranging from a 1927 model automobile to old fashioned The automobile was donated by Betty and Dick Reed of 633 Dennis Street and it earned each of them a fourweek pass to the Another team of Harold and Billy Heistand of 123 Bent Oak Avenue also won fourweek passes for their efforts in contributing 595 pounds of Richard Gautz brought two wheelbarrow loads of scrap weighing 338 pounds and worked so hard that he missed part of the Hell see another to make up for the Other prize winners at the mat inee were Gerald and Marilyn Emerson of 217 Michigan Avenue with 490 pounds Maxine 458 Pounds Gerald and Dwight 434 pounds Richard 338 pounds Glen 204 pounds Billy and Donna May 187 and Raymond 123 Each of them received worth of war stamps and a theater The winners are re quested to call at the Croswell box office for their Members of the William Stark post of the American Legion and Richard salvage helped weigh the scrap brought to the theater by the children and load it on city 8 Cargo Vessels Lost in Atlantic By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Seven United States cargo ships and one Panamanian last week were announced sunk in Western Atlantic enemy spelling death for at least 19 seamen and adding 10 to the list of the miss The sinkings brought to 502 The Associated Press tabulation of an nounced United and neutral na tions merchant ship losses by ene my attack in that area since Pearl The skipper of one of the Amer ican ships was taken prisoner aboard the attacking 12th such imprisonment in recent Destruction by enemy planes of five other American mem bers of Russiabound convoys in the North was announced during the These sinkings are included in the PATRIOTIC LEAGUE and Nine Other War Relief Organizations Will Benefit Inmt Cmt PATRIOTIC LEAGUE VICKYS TO VISIT PLANTS Lenawee county residents pre pared to give of their own today as nearly one thousand Patriotic League workers went into action to raise the countys quota of 000 for the United Service Organiza tion and nine other war relief Throughout the sim lar war chest r g a n i z ations ashed thein along to help swell the national goal of Each of the agencies to benefit from the war chest drives has been investigated and approved by the National Budget Committee for War Relief Before being accepted by this each of the agencies agreed not to so licit funds or to make any other appeal for one year in communi ties where such war chest drives have been The will receive the lions share of funds collected here as in other parts of the The goal for this agency in Lenawee is a part of the national quota of This money will be used to give the American soldier a home away from Contri butions to the Patriotic League will follow Lenawee county men wherever they they are in the United States or in over seas The Government does not provide funds for the because it cannot supply funds for private activities and it has been Turn to Page 9 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct than including women and were shot to death in a new wave of terror in the Axis created Croat the exiled Yugoslav Government reported to The which Yugoslav sources said were aimed at exter minating the occurred in the Province of Srem at the hands of brownuniformed Fascist police of the Italian puppet Ante the last of Executions The list of executions announced by the Yugoslav Government in cluded More including women and forcibly taken from Vukovar in September and shot after a summary Eighty Serbs in opposite killed 26 and 27 27 in 16 in Sremski and Karlovci and 40 in Jarmina killed 14 in reprisal for the deaths of four German Sixtysix in Jarmina shot and 80 most of them from The Government said that 600 many of them wealthy land owners of the Milosevas district of Orasje in were taken to Belgrade as hostages An order issued by the comman der of the Ustashi said that Serbs were to be shot in Srem pro the Government announce ment A report by Russian news from said that 22 students had been sentenced to death at on charges of subversive Six others were given life imprison ment and eight others received les ser The Berlin radio said that five Yugoslav natives serving with the Italian military forces had been executed as spies and a like num ber sentenced to long terms at hard BULLETINS NEW Oct Japanese in a sudden burst of aerial activity over India attacked airdromes yesterday and today in northeast Assam near the Burma The British announced that ci vilian and military casualties were extremely light and damage was small in the Sunday but details were lacking immediately on todays raid in which one ene my raider was Two of the Japanese crewmen took to their 26 teen persons were killed today in the crash of a Royal Air Force ferry command aircraft on the north endof Montreal PRUSSIA POLAND SOVIET RUSSIA GERMANY V UNOCCUPIED AVONAGENOA TRANS IJORDAN fiSSuez Canal Qatlara Depression The new Allied offensive in Egypt was seen as a possible second front to relieve the hardpressed The Red Army held at Stalingrad and Mozdok but retreated south of Sup porting the British desert drive were RAF raidson the Italian cities of Savona and Genoa cir and embarkation points for African British seacraft shelled Evidently fearing blows by Fighting French at their rear broken Axis planes raided Kufra Fighting French outpost 500 miles south of BY Attack White Cloud Airdrome Near Canton 26 UP States army air force bombers struck at Hongkong early today for the second straight day and followed up with an attack on the White Cloud airdrome near it was announced official The North Point power station in Hongkong was destroyed in this mornings a communique from Lieut Joseph Stil wells headquarters as all bombs landed in the target In the raid later onthe White Cloud airdrome which is northeast of bulletin many fires were started and a heavy explosion was The Japanese attempted to in tercept the bombers but both mis sions were accomplished without the loss of a single United States medium bombers protected by fighters scattered high explosive and incendiary bombs among the warehouses and ships in surprising the Japanese conquerors of the British crown colony with the greatest raid yet executed by the China air task Many fires were started in the Kowloon dock a communi que Japanese fighters intercepted the American formation after the bombing and the American fliers shot down ten Japanese planes and probably destroyed five One American bomber failed to return from the mission and a fighter slightly made a forced landing in Chinese Long stretches of the once hum ming dock area in Hongkong were blown up fay the bombers and sev eral ships were hit Fierce fires were licking at warhouses and other buildings as the American planes headed for their While the bombers were visiting six other American fighters found 20 Japanese fighters hi the air over South Yunnan pro southwest China and shot down three planes and probably destroyed four more without the loss of a single American aircraft This brought the days score over China to 13 Japanese planes cer tainly destroyed and probably nine Caleb chief of the bomber command in personally led the bombers on the flight to Hongkong and Robert Scott commanded the The operation was direct ed by Claire Chen commander of Army Air Forces in from an ad vanced air It was the first time the Jap anese conquerors of Hongkong had been attacked in the stronghold since they occupied it last Christ The in their broadcast version of the said that eight large planes dropped incendiary bombs from a high altitude over Hongkong at The Japanese government general at Hongkong was quotedas de scribing the damage as The government general said all the Japanese planes involved in the fight returned safely to their The Hongkong raid seemed to in dicate that American planes were Turn to Page 9 AUCTIONS Public auction northeast or See on Market Oct Auction sale southwest or Irving Auct See on Market Public auction northwest of Rome See on Market Public west of Adri Andy Auct See on Market Oct Public auction northwest or Llnehan Auct See on Market Oct 3ist Auction sale west of Auct See on Market Delegates And Visitors Here For Grange Meeting Constitutional Convention Is Opposed for 1943 By State Master Official delegates and other Grange members from all parts of the state from as far away as Iron began gathering in Adrian today for the annual convention of the Michigan State Grange which opens today in the Adrian Armory and continues through Members of Lenawee Granges were busy today decorating the conven tion hall and state officers were putting the finishing touches on the Chamber of reported this morning that Adrianfehouse holders have responded to dieap peal for rooms for Grange visitors so well that accommodations for 600 have been offered which more than take care of the expect ed number of or ganizations are serving mealsto relieve the strain on hotels and res taurants which would be swamped by the 600 or so added persons to Likely Resolutions Among some of the more impor tant resolutions which are expect ed to be introduced and acted upon will be those dealing with the sale of liquor at army tire ra and especially the provi sion allowing tiresfor beer trucks while farm trucks cannot obtain shortages of farm labor and farm price fixing and other government Armstrong of mas ter of the State expects the convention to go on record as opposing a state constitutional convention in His own view point is that the war effort should receive the undivided attention of all people and they should not be called upon to consider a new con If the constitution needs he it can be done by amendment and there seems to be no need of the long drawn out and expensive job of re writing the Armstrong will deliver his annual address at 2 oclock Tues day He is unopposed for Ohio Grange Master to Speak A few changes and additions have been made to the weeks In addition to the program as pre viously printed the mayor of Plymouth is to address the conven tion Tuesday afternoon at 4 Tuesday at the song festival will be under the direction of Dora Professor Gunn of Michigan State College will speak Wednesday at m and Paul master of the Ohio State will deliver an address Thursday morning at The annual banquet is to be served in two sections Wednesday at instead of as pre viously The meals will be served in the Methodist church and the Masonic temple preceding the address at the Armory by president of Cen tral State Teachers College at Pleasant WILLKIE TO REPORT NEW Oct 26 dell Willkie will report to the na tion tonight on his recent globe girdling tour of allied The halfhour talk will be broad cast on all major networks and will originate from the studios of the Columbia Broadcasting System here beginning at East ern War Since his return from middle Russia and Chinese battle fronts 10 days Willkie has spent virtually all of his time in preparing the Armstrong Japanese Land More Troops On Guadalcanal Americans Hurl Back Five Attacks Russians Continue To Hold In FireBlackened Stalingrad By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS army troops held fast in blackened Stal ingrad today as the Germans launched another assault after fur ious artillery preparation and in a fierce engagement which at times developed into handtohand fight ing expelled the Nazi forces from a factory property into which they penetrated the midday German infantry moved into the assault in a factory area with tanks leading the but the Russians reported that their artil lery fire decimated and put to flight an entire regiment of in The Russians then launched their own attack to drive the Ger mans from the ground they had gained the day Reports from the front north west of Stalingrad continued to be the midrday communi que reporting that a number of German blockhouses and trenches were five tanks destroyed and a company of enemy infantry knocked It is in this area that the Red Army is trying to bore in to the flank of the Germans to ease the pressure on In one sector of this front 200 Germans were reported killed and the communiquS said that Soviet scouts filtered through to the en emy trenches and killed 70 The lull in the Mozdok area of the Caucasus where the Germans are trying to drive to the Grozny oil fields but the Rus sians said their artillery fire de stroyed 20 trucks and a company of Red Army especially trained for street were sent into Stalingrad as the German assault grew more intense with the return of favorable It was not clear from dispatches whether the Russian gains within Stalingrad completely nullified the German occupation of two new streets in the city as reported by Soviet high command The Nazi advance had been made at the cost of enormous The Germans threw two divisions of fresh infantry into the battle and backed them up with fleets of tanks and but the after nine weeks of bloody and tir ing continued to slug back at every dispatches Within the city of the enemy were reported killed yester day as the Germans made their ad Turn to Page 2 Block Busters Dumped On Italy a cost of only eight the RAF was reported today to have done untold damage to war in dustries and supply centers in northern Italy in a smashing new offensive in which homebased air craft struck across the towering Alps four times in three Capping the attacks was a heavy assault Saturday night on site of the Caproni bomber where fourmotored bombers un loaded a vast weight of including twoton block Pilots who participated In the Milan raid said that buildings in Italys second largest city went flying as stick after stick of bombs fell on the Only a few hours earlier a large force of had raided the same city in broad first daylight bombing expedition against Northern Italy since the beginning of the Genoa and Turin were bombed Friday night for the second night in 25 miles west of was attacked si While the British were assessing the results of these assaults the Vichy government announced that it was filing a strong protest against alleged attacks by RAF planes on six different localities in the unoccupied zone Saturday The announcement said the at tacks occurred in the regions of Montlucon and all in the Allied and at Chateau Roux and An They constitute a deliberate ag gression affected in broad daylight and in the unoccupied zone against the civilian population of a dis armed the ment An earlier announcement issued in Paris said hedgehopping Brit ish and American planes had ma chinegunned French farm work ers near Fecamp and Amiens in the occupied causing casual A Reuters dispatch from Bern said the Swiss government also was protesting to London over al leged violations of Swiss territory in connection with the raids on northern Italy Saturday night Air raid alarms sounded again in Bern last But there was no indication here that the RAF had been busy over northern Turn to Page 9 Plan Reported to Have Byrness Approval By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS con gressional move to keep farm work ers on the farm and out of the army was reported today to have the approval of Economic Director James whose advisory board is expected to begin soon a study of the manpower The proposal to defer agricultur al workers came before the House today as a Senate addition to a re vised bill making 18 and 19year old men liable for military The Senate voted 62 to 6 to di rect local boards to defer workers regularly engaged in agricultural pursuits essential to the war ef move interpreted ator Maloney DConn as mean ing The farm boys wont go to House action faced a how until a quorum could return after the 3 elections to con sider a controversial Senate revi sion requiring a years precombat training for 18 and 19year old Administration leaders hoped to kill this restriction in Byrnes was summoned before a congressional committee today for the first time since he resigned from the supreme court to take ov er the stabilization Called to Testify The Senate agriculture commit tee also called Price Administrator Leon Henderson and Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard for testimony on a controversy which has arisen between farm state leg islators and officials charged with administering the revised price con trol Dissension aparently has centered around the Presidents directive to include soil conservation and other government benefit payments in arriving at price ceilings on farm Farm bloc members have com plained there was nothing in the law providing for use of any such The attitude of Byrnes and the other officials was report ed to be that they merely were carrying out the Presidents direc tive and could not be expected to go behind The manpower next on the list of major issues expected to come before Congress after final disposal of the teenage draft claimed the attention also of the Senate military which called Lewis director of selective for testimony A Senate labor headed by Senator Pepper DFla which has been studying other phases of the was expect ed to recommend creation of occu pational deferment boards to make certain that essential workers were not drafted into the armed The group also was reported favor ing action to excuse physicians from the draft because of a grow ing shortage of medical men in many Halsey Assigned to Job of Holding Islands 26 Navy removed Admiral Robert Ghormley from the command in the Solomon islands Saturday and gave to Vice Admiral William the task of directing the developing battle to hold American positions there against the Japanese bid to recapture The the third south Pa cific command shakeup of the war came after a campaign which had cost the Navy three five destroyers and five other ves and at a moment when the enemy was massing its forces for a powerful Ghormleys removal was an nounced without official comment Led Marshall Raid Making it known that Halsey would take the Navy noted that he had conducted carrier operations in the south Pa cific area last spring with distin guished and pointed out that he received the Distinguished Service Medal last February for his raid on the Japaneseheld Gil bert and Marshall The Gilbert it developed were the scene of another American raid recently in which an enemy destroyer and merchant ship were damaged and two small enemy patrol boats were all by The American raiders also struck at the nearby Ellice is lands with unannounced results ex cept that no strong enemy forces were Warn Against Speculation Naval officers described the op eration as probably a reconnaisance raid intended to determine whether enemy forces were gathering in those islands for a drive upon the 975 miles The communique said that no new ac tion had been reported from the Some naval officers warned that to link Ghormleys removal from command with recent reverses in the Solomons would be pure specu They mentioned the pos sibility that having taken the posi tions now held by American Ghormley might be assigned to of fensive duty elsewhere with the task of defending the islands turned over to Turn to Page 9 Presidents Wife Misses Air Alert In Great Britain 26 Franklin off on a visit to a Womens Auxiliary Terri torial Service missed today the firstair alert in London since she came to The American First Lady was looking over the ATS somewhere in the home countries when the brief alert was in force in the cap Her itinerary included an in spection of an antiaircraft gun site partly manned by who undoubtedly would be called to action stations in case of an alert After a visit last evening with King George and Queen Elizabeth in the country Roosevelt spent the night at the country home of Prime Minister and She disclosed yesterday that two of the prime wants of the second as confided to her by In dividual are thicker sockjs and more letters from You may not get thicker socks right because it takes a lot to change things the army she said in a brief speech to a Cafeteria crowd at the Washing ton the American Red Cross biggest service mens center in I learned also that you would like more One of you told me he hasnt had any mall for two My boy in the Solomons said the thing they missed most was Its almost impossible to get letters to them out but theres no reason you shouldnt get more mail Shefailed tosay which of her sons is in the Solomons but Major James Roosevelt of the marines last was reported in southwest PLANES DAMAGE Hit 3 Merchant Vessels Are and One Gunboat Is Sunk By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct incessant pounding of their naval the Japanese have landed fresh troops on Guadalcanal and are hammering determinedly at American The navy reported last night that enemy using tanks and heavy artillery threw themselves against the western de fense lines five times Friday night and Saturday Each time they were hurled The first four attacks were re pulsed by army and marine corps troops and artillery which destroyed five enemy There was no mention of Amer ican tanks in The fifth early Sat urday was broken up by aircraft and with the loss of one United States Yesterday morning additional enemy troops were landed transports on the northeast end of the navy adding No amplifying report on these operations has been American bombers and sweeping out from the Guadal canal airfield and other continued to slam away at Japanese damaging five warships and three merchant ves sels and sinkig a gunboat 2 Ships Hit A light cruiser and a destroyer were hit in a raid over the Short land Island area during the night of Oct 2223 and a heavy or was possibly dam aged by a torpedo hit On 25 Douglas Dauntless divebombers swooped down on an enemy force cruisers and de stroyers Immediately north of FloridaIsland which Is jibouns miles north of and damaged a The preceding night another enemy cruiser was reported probably damaged about 300 miles northeast of Guadal In General MacArthurs Australian headquarters reported that American Flying Fortresses had sunk a Japanese gunboat and damaged three merchant vessels at New bringing to about tons the toll of shipping destroyed or damaged at that port in three The all of which returned also hit fuel barges near the causing a series of explosions and fire which were visible for 100 The land fighting which started on Guadalcanal Friday night was preceded by aerial attack dur ing which our Grumman Wildcats destroyed an entire fighter escort of 20 shot down one of 16 enemy bombers and damaged three Will Ration Coffee 28 1 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct 26Cofiee will be rationed starting at mid at a rate of one pound every five weeks for each person over 15 years the Of fice of Price Administration an nounced On the basis of 35 to 40 cups to the the ration means slight ly more than a cup a day per per Retail sales will be halted at Price Adminis trator Leon Henderson for a weeklong freeze during which grocers will stock their shelves for the start of The first rationed coffee will be purchased on the last stamp in the sugar ration stamp Subsequent rations will be issued by working backwards through the sugar using stamps 28 to in The War Production Board ord ered OPA to take control of con sumer distribution to assure an equal supply for Henderson and attributed the emergency action mainly to excessive buying by Reports of hoard overbuying and runs on deal ers supplies have been reaching Washington from many cities for three There is no reason for anyone to run to the corner put the squeeze on him and try to force him to help a Henderson There is absolutely no excuse hoarding coffee at this Were announcing that forth coming rationing now because were going to have to talk to a lot of people in the coffee industry and elsewhere about the adminis tration of the rationing Turn to Page 2
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