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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - October 5, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM OCTOBER Not Much Change in Temperature Dctalla on Two PRICE 3 NAZIS FORCE RUSSIANS But Red Army Holds Germans On All Other Sectors of Front FIGHTING IS FEROCIOUS By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS Oct 5 troops in in a deter mined drive on a factory settle forced the Russian defend ers to withdraw somewhat during the but the Red army heTd the Germans on all other sectors of the the Soviet communique said Northwest of the Russians reported a Soviet unit launched an attack and improved its In other fighting in this a Red army unit battling for pos session of a strategic height killed 150 Germans and destroyed some German it was re The ferocity of the fighting with in the city was Indicated in the re port that artillery and mortar fire wiped out a battalion of enemy Infantry and destroyed 24 machine gun posts and six gun and mortar The enemy is conducting fierce attacks in the direction of a factory the midday com muniquS said of the fighting in At the cost of heavy losses he succeeded in somewhat pressing back one of our On all oth er sectors the German attacks were repulsed by our A furious German infantry at tack was reported from the north western but the communique said it had been repulsed with heavy Four hundred more Germans were killed in fighting for a populated place north of Vor it 80 Germans Killed In the somewhere ta the Mozdok the Germans attempted to fight their way through a mountain but re treated in the face of stubborn re leaving SO it was re But tSe Germans obviously were throwing their mam strength into the struggle for Stalingrad where the Russians were holding fast amid Ihe smoking ruins for the 42d While they fought on stubborn ly in the streets of the Volga the Russians kept up their pressure on the German flank the north and desperately trying to pinch the Nazi forces together and ease the terrific strain on Stal ngrads dispatches Northwest of the city the Rus sians apparently were maintaining the the midnight com muniqug reporting that the Red army was conducting active opera tions One soviet unit alone knocked out two German tanks and killed 150 enemy soldiers in a bat tle for a strategic the com The communique gave no clear picture of the surging battle around and inside the claim Ing no advances and acknowledg ing no It reported timply that fierce fighting con Turn to Page 2 BOY MEETS GIRL BUT WHICH IS WHICH Men dressed as women and women dressed as men and wore the green freshman pots during the annual freshman initiation at Adrian College last In the above left to Miss Doreen Doten of Keith Morrison of Jim Davis of Morenci and Miss Clara McCoy of sympathize with each other concerning their predicament As a climax of the initiation upper classmen lined up the freshmen men with their womens clothes in front of the girls dormitory to take a Then they doused the men with water from a second floor Collections Begin in Con tinue on Farms Scrap metal from basements ant from barns and attics some of it a ventury was find ing its way back into circulation oday as Adrian school children iqh wide basis will determine how ong and how fast the nations steel mills can turn out the implements E Although the collecting campaign n Adrian wasnt scheduled to be gin until school children anxious to get made some collections last In the junior high the Yellow and Blue earns were engaged in a full scale ivar of their own today as they vorked to turn in the most metal ts a matter of school pride with the Yellow and the Blue Ir ither years they have played foot jail to settle the question of supre Grade school pupils were lending a groups of neighborhood oys and girls working together to bring particularly large pieces of metal to Students who ob ained large piles of big or carrying to were obtain ng the services of a truck to make The truck calls were Turn to OLD Page 7 Pledges Equitable Distribution Of Products Civilians Need Oct 5 Roosevelt said today that the gov ernment will do everything that it can to see that the products available for civilian needs are allocated in an orderly and equit able The Chief Executive said in a message read at the Boston Confer ence on national forum of it is essential that those whose obliga tion it is to provide the mechanics by means of which the products of our farms and factories reach the consumer seek in every way pos sible to expedite the free flow of If this is not the Presi sarydent there may be un necessary dislocations which will tend to hamper the war effort We have already had evidence of those It wffl be the patriotic duty of the nations distribution system to make certain that the orderly flow The members of your confer ence I undertake this duty in the spirit In which the sug gestion is the national In another message to the con Secretary of State Cordell Hull said business in in both production anti must put forth unprecedented en ingenui and capacity for adaptation if the nations wartime requirements are to be met on a scale and with a speed that will ensure complete 1 he that the participants of your conference are firmly resolved that neither per sonal nor personal nor personal differences will be permitted to detract one iota from the supreme effort which the na tion must make when its freedom and everything that free men hold most dear are gravely menaced by ruthless and unscrupu lous In a cable from Oliver minister of production of Great said that it would require nothing less than the utmost of effort and the last ounce of determination from all of us to overthrow the that he you in America and we in Britain are pooling our our produc tion and our inventive counting nothing lost if victory be The brains and the hands of our two nations in the common effort to annihilate the common Price Administrator Leon Hen derson called uponthe nations dis tributors to join in an attack upon the inflationary the tre mendous excess of purchasing pow er over available goods that will exist by the end of this A very first consideration is to assure that the gap does not wid he said in a message prepared for conference on we as a you as a group of indi have a responsibility there a grave He asked the merchants and other businessmen attending the conference to consid er what means of persuasion or selfimposed discipline beyond tax es and increased savings could be devised to reduce the gap and what economies might be affected to prevent it from Both Henderson and Wayne undersecretary of dealt with the problem of distribution for the maintenance of civilian Child Army Attacks Scrap Problem By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A brighteyed army of Americas children set forth today to insure their stake in the future in the best way to know how Collecting Millions have ieen precious metal junk but how they were massed on a nationwide basis to join the scrap campaign led by the countrys State governors have called up on them to do a complete job and as they went about the search for old metal needed by the mills war they had this assuring word from President Roosevelt I know theyll do their part The heritage they sought to keep by sweat and work in the sal vage drive was freedom of speech press and They remembered that sturdy and they were a great democratic contrast to the children of Europe where food is scarce and terror strikes by day and night Many a school declared a holi day so that on this opening day ot their twoweek drive they could make a whirlwind The army of boys and girls in many states and towns was organ ized for the job on military lines as Junior Texas Rangers Texas they became Junior first time such a title was ot the seriousness of the job and the reverence in which Lone Star State children hold the was how they were doing Turn to Page 2 In Workers Being Enlist ed in County Campaign More than workers are be ing enlisted in the county to assist in the general drive for funds to be conducted by the Lenawee Pa triotic The drive will be gin October bene fit 11 war relief in cluding the and will end November During the drive the organization hopes to double a set goal of A chairman has been appointed in each of Lenawees 22 The township chairman will ap point a chairman for each school districts in their In there are 150 such districts in the Three workers will be enlisted for each school district and their duties will consist of the actual canvassing for funds in homes throughout the rural parts of the Workers are being organized for similar fund solicita tions in the cities and In addition to these workers for the general county approximate ly 100 women will enter the war plants of the county to solicit funds from the In the drive will entail the cooperative efforts of nearly Claude cam paign manager for the Patriotic said Urges Citizens to Open Homes to War Workers 5 Van Wagoner today called on citi zens of Michigan to open their homes to provide living quarters Cor war workers in areas of acute housing shortage and asked the War Production Board to release enough lumber to speed up build ing The governor said the where the housing shortage is most acute are the Willow Musicegon and Saginaw He adde that there also was a shortage in practically every other Turn to VAN 7 War At A Glance When Adrian residents hear the soorn of exploding bombs just be ore 8 oclock tomorrow t wont mean an air It announce that a Victory Auction is about to begin at the Masonic For the occamdustrial city of the retail committee sale of war stamps and which is promoting the las been able to obtain six aerial ombs which will be set off in dif ferent parts of the Two giant spot lights will play through the skies before auction aceord ng to chairman of the Between and 5700 worth of all of which has been ionated by the of Lenawee will be up for auction Tuesday As at he Victory Auctions held during fair bidding for the various articles will be done in terms of war bond Merchandise to e given as premiums with the war rands includes rugs cattle feed and one gift consisting of ten pounds of Serving as auctioneer will beAl Linehan of The Adrian ligh school will The deafor the Victory Auctions orig nated with Dave Elmans Hobby xibby radio program and is being copied with highly satisfactory re sults throughout the By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS German gains made at Stalingrad which still holds after 42 days of furious siege and battle Stalin tells Associated Press it essential that allies ful fill obligations to which in terpreted to mean that second front is GERMAN Goering harangues people with statement that Ger mans must be no matter what happens to rest of bomb Brat capital of German puppet Slovakia troops con tinue chase of Japanese across Owen Stanley mountains of New by air CHINA Willkie cheered in Byrnes Is Named To Take Over The Direction Of Stabilizing Economy ALLIES FULFILL PLEOGESJF AID Help Delivered So Far Has Been He Tells Reporter INSISTS ON SECOND FRONT By HENRY CASSIDT by The Associated Press 5 Oftvoiced Russian desires for speedy estab lishment of a second front were given ne wurgency today by a blunt statement from Joseph Stalin and he called on the allies to fulfill their of aid fully and with out The help they have delivered to he has been com paratively Stalins statement wasdelivered in the form of a letter answering three questions submitted to him in writing by this chief of the Moscow bureau of the Assocoated and represented the Soviet premiers first public utterance on the second front issue in more than a The tevt of the typed on a plain sheet of white notepaper and Signed in a bold follows Dear Cassidy Owing to the pressure of work and my consequent inability to grant you an I shall con fine myselw to a brief written answer to your One What place pos sibility of a second front occupy in the Soviet estimates of the current situation Answer A very important place might say a place of first rate Two To what extent is allied aid to the Soviet Union proving ef fective and what could be done to amplify and improve this aid Answer As compared with the aid which the Soviet Union is giv ing to the allies by drawing upon itself the main force of the German the aid of the allies to the Soviet Union has so far been little In order to amplify and improve this only one thing is required That the allies fulfill their obligations fully and on Three What remains of the Soviet capacity for resistance Turn to Page 2 PILOTS OK ByTHE ASSOCIATED PRESS combat showing that American planes and pilots are meeting and beating the enemy convinced a congressional commit tee today that United States Army aircraft are more than a match for any the planes that are now pitted against That formal assurance drawn from the figures of planes downed and from the testimony of some of Uncle Sams ace birdmen and top ranking army air force came from the House Military sub committee on Reportingon its investigation into recent criticism ofcombat air craft of the army air par ticularly the committee held that the proof of the puddin is in the eating thereof an indi cated that American army pilots are not In the final said the report to the it is the box score that It is idle to compare the performance and maneuverability of one plane against another when engaged in in actual are academic It is only common sense to say that our planes and our pilots are performing exceptionally well when they are knocking down two or three enemy planes to every one of ours that is lost Your com mittee finds that our planes are not inferior to those of Germany and Turn to Page 2 Australians Push Deeper Into Owen Stanley Mountains GENERAL MacARTHURS 5 ff In the seventh day of unopposed Australian troops pushed upward yesterday over a rugged trail north of Efogi in New Guineas Owen Stanley Fliers of the Allied air forces at the same time swept far beyond the advanced ground forces to har ass key points on the Japanese line of retreat In another sector Cata lina consolidated bombers made night raid on the airdrome at on the extreme northern tip of the starting fires near the runway and in dispersal areas and destroying at least one 64 miles by jungle trail from the Allied base at Port Moresby and about seven miles from the gap in the Owen Stan ley was captured The Australians were believed to be either in or near the south en trance of the gap which lies at an altitude of more than feet A spokesman for General Mac Arthur said the Australian forward units had made only slight contact with the too light to indi cate even rear guard Theirexact position WES not given i Europe To Starve If Necessary For Germans To Goering Tells The German People 5 that respect could be taken as Ten points emphasized by Reichs marshal Goering in yesterdays long and labored peptalk to the Ger man people were interpreted by allied observers today as suppor for the thesis that a second front would gofar toward ending the war in Europe by next The harvest festival address by the 2 on the other hand contained Germanys formula for defense in the coming months ant NEW TAX George Predicts Downward Revision of Standard of Living By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct straining taxation that will force a downward revision in the stand ard of living soon was forecast by Senator George DGa today as the Senate prepared to receive a new revenue bill calculated to ex tract more than yearly from as chairman of the fin ance was charged with reporting to the Senate a measure containing rates he said were ap proaching the maximum that coulc be assessed against individuals ant corporations without hampering war At the same he told re porters that taxation to enforce loans to the government to aid in financing the war must be enact ed by Congress in the near future adding Every 1 per cent addition that made to these proposed tax rates Jforcompulsory savingsor loans the government going to push the standardof that It cant be Our living standards will have to change when we go beyond the rates in this Turn to Page 2 MOVES CLOSER 10 JAPHELD United States Air Force fliers lave engaged in offensive opera tions from ah advanced base in the Aleutian 125 miles from Japaneseheld the navy an nounced A communique said that army with naval recent ly occupied positions in the And reanof group of the the nearest point to Japan yet occup ed by American Flying Fortress and Consolidated together with Lockheed Bell Airacobra and Cur pursuit already are operating from airfields in the Andreanof the Navy The occupation was carried out without enemy Occupation of the Andreanof group indicated a determination to drive the Japanese out of the Aleu as well as marking a new ad vance toward the heart of the Jap anese The westernmost portion of the Andreanof Islands is miles rom The positions in he Solomon Islands captured by United States Marines are miles from Midway Americas base in the Central Pac is miles from Dutch Harbor is 250 miles east of the new American positions in the The Navy communique told also of new bombing forays against the Japanese in the On an enemy cargo ship vhich had been attacked northwest of Kiska on the preceding day was again bombed and strafedby army The ship appeared to have been War Workers Are Urged to Keep Mileage Record War production and others who may be able to qualify for supplemental gasoline when consumption is restricted in Mich gan were urged today to keep a record of their mileage and gaso ine consumption in driving be tween home and iThe advice came from Arthur state director of the Office of PjSce Administration and was relayed here through the county war price and rationing If he regulations now governing gasoline rationing in the east are applied he it will be of great importance that lersons who can otherwise qualify or rationing have an accurate check on their travel ample warning that allied action must be well under way before the formula is completely Conservative military observers that should Germany be able effect a portion of her organization program the war might be lengthened by point by is the inter pretationof the Goering speech said that the civilian population must enaure allied air although more shelters were promised an acknowledgement that the attacks have cut deeply added that the Ger man air force cannot now be used in strength against Britain and will be tied up as long as the battle of Russia blunt state ment that Germany and ex pects to more than a one front air said greater effort would be necessary to conserve iron and hint of the tremendous industrial cost of the war on Rus Not Growing Bich denied rumors that he is growing rich from the That such a denial was necessary might indicate growing whispers among the German said that generals were as subject to discipline as any one interpreted here as an allusion to oftreported differences between the army command and Turn to Page 2 Food Prices Frozen and Rent Levels Are Rolled Back THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct Byrnes into a White House office to take over direction of the nations economic stability today after a week end series of rapid fire moves resigned to halt rises in two major and rent Following up Saturdays order ex tending price ceilings to 90 per cent of all food Price Admin trator Leon will help administer the general poll 3YEAROLDS EL OF ISLAND DEAIH Toledo Woman Is Found Dead on Posey Lake Island The deathof Bou 7t years in a cottage on the island in Posey five miles northwest of was discov ered Saturday afternoon when the cries of her three year old grarfi Joan finally at tracted the attention of persons on the shore of the Investigators who reached the is land in a rowboat were told by the little Grandma wont talk to They found Bou drie dead in her Coroner Paul called with sheriffs said that death probably was caused by a heart attack and that there will be no with her son and his and John Bou drie of had been coming to Posey lake for several and John Boudrie were in Toledo Friday night Joan Marie tried for several hours Saturday morning to call the attention of persons on the shore to her plight but her antics were passed off as childs play until about noon when the investigation finally was The body was taken to the Ack er Funeral Home in THE MICHIGAN VOTE 5 Votes of Michigan legislators on congressional roll calls during the week ended Oct 2 Honse Senate Price stabilization bill Brown Thomas amendment to include cost of farm labor in computing parity prices no Vanden Barkley substitute amendment authorizing modification of max imum farm prices to reflect in costs since 1941 yes Lucas amendment giving presi dent discretionary authority to in crease the loan rate on basic com modities from 85 to 90 per cent of parity no Ball amendment to write an in dustrial wage control provision in to the bill no Clark amendment directing the President to issue a general order stabilizing wages and salar ies at highest levels between Vand Sept 1942 no des formulated by Byrnes and his economic stabilization last night ordered all rents rolled back to their March 1 The food price a 60 day emergency order to be followed soon by permanent ceilings for the is effective It en joins all manufacturers and processors to charge no more than the highest price they charged between Sept 28 and Oct The only important foodstuffs excepted were fresh most fresh fruits and and which probably will be treated with later on a seasonal All landlords who have raised rents in the last seven months will be asked to reduce them to the March 1 Henderson said the stabilization covering an estimated householders living outside the 395 defense rental areas al ready would mean that the cost of housing to American most important single item in their be kept stable throughout the Turn to Page 2 What President Roosevelt Did To Control Inflation Oct 5 Here in a nutshell is what Presi dent Roosevelt did about inflation ADMINISTRATIVE Appointed James Byrnes who resigned as Supreme Court justice director of economic stabili2ation with control over civilian purchas ing subsid es and all related He will issue directives to all Govern ment agencies in this Advis ing him on policy will be a board composed of various Government officials and two representatives iach of management and WAGES Forbade any wage Increases above the levels of Sept 15 and any decreases below the highest wage paid between 1 and Sept 15 mless approved by the War Labor Board approval will be given only when necessary to correct mal adjustments or to eliminate of to correct gross or to aid n the effective prosecution of the The WLBS jurisdiction was extended to all industries and all employes instead of only those in volved in a labor SAURIES Put no restriction on increases in salaries below a but for mde increases in salaries above 100 without Byrnes approval ex cept where an individual has been assigned to more difficult or re sponsible work and forbade de ireases in any salary below the ughest rate paid between 1 ind Sept 15 unless to correct gross nequities and to aid in the effective of the Provision was made for Byrnes in the fututa to place a limit on salaries of 000 after taxes but with due al lowance for life insurance prem iums and fixed obligations here tofore The term salar ies means remureration for per sonal services regularly paid on a monthly or annual basis and includes commissions and other FARM PRICES Ordered prices of raw and pro cessed agricultural commodities so far as at Sept 15 levels and in conformity with the standards laid down in the new Price Administrator Leon Henderson was directed to establish price ceilings on foods not previously controlled and prompt ly did RENTS Directed Henderson to freeze all rents throughout the in stead of only those in defense areas as at and to order reduc tions in such areas as you deem ap KILLED IN ACTION From German Broad Oct 5 Baron Von Langermann Und commander of a German tank and Colonel com mander of a Hungarian were killed Saturday on the Don the German high command announced AUCTIONS Auction southeast of Oakley See on Market Public auction at Fred See on Market Auction west and south Irving See on Market
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