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   Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - September 28, 1942, Adrian, Michigan                                ADRIAN DAILY TEL SEPTEMBER 1942 NAZIS RUSH FRESH MEN TO RUSSIA Fighting for Stalingrad Crowing Ever Fiercer and Bloodier Is EXPLOSIONS SHAKE CITY By THE ASSOCIATED PHESS Ger man shock troops rushed to the front by transport plane poured in to the debrischoked streets of Stal ingrad in an effort to clinch vic dispatches said but the Red fighting from window and rooftop and in the held the city in the 35th day of bloody Northwest of the the Rus sians were blunting the German drive and unloosing an offensive of their own In an effort to slow the more direct Nazi attack on the jit was In one a large Soviet unit killed Ger mans in two the midday com munique The fighting for the city is grow ing ever fiercer and a cor respondent for Pravda The whole city is in a sion from the incessant explosions of bombs and he The fierce fighting of the past 24 with the Germans lung ing into the city from several dif has resulted in a zig front with the Germans slight lly advanced in some sectors and the i Russians established in new posi itions to the west in one dis patch The Russians were reported to have taken two more streets from the Germans at one The mid day communique said two enemy companies had been wiped out in one smoking and shellmarked Writing from the agonyfilled the Pravda reporter said that the bursting of shells and bombs was so constant that the dust of city never had a chance to set Pleasure Boats Gone Gone from the he are the former pleasure boats and In their places are arm ored ships and fast darting from bank to taking in sup ammunition and fresh troops and carrying out the The fighting in the city was a housetohouse scramble for advan tageous positions with a Uberaland deadly use of hand fire bombs and At one place in the a Rus sian communique 600 Ger mans were killed as Red army troops drove the invaders out of buildings they had It was a constant seesaw with the Germans moving into one section only to be engaged by battle grimed Russian troops fighting for the main bastion of the lower The Russians told of another Stalingrad district where their forces killed German tommy gunners and captured a number of Turn to Page 7 NEW LEXINGTON LAUNCHED Heavy Frost Tonight on Pan Two Named for the aircraft carrier which performed gallantly in three engagements with the Japanese before she was sunk in the Coral Sea the new Navy slides into Weymouth Fore River at its launching at the Bethlehem Steel Com panys shipbuilding Scheduled to be the her name was changed after an appeal by the captain of the lost Lexington Americans Bomb Enemy Base At Rabaul GENERAL MacArthurs Head 28 American Flying Fortresses twice bombed the BunaGona area on th eastern coast of New Guinea whence the Japanese are trying to push overland toward Port Mores and also damaged a merchant ship in a heavy attack on ie enemy base at New Britain General Mac Arthurs headquarters announced Supply barges and air drome defenses were bombed and swept with machinegun fire in the win assaults on the BuhaGona a communique Return ng pilots reported they had left fierce fires blazing in the target The supply line between Buna and the Japanese advance positions near 32 miles from Porj also was strafed by alliec attack At least one direct hit was re ported scored on the big merchant ship which was damaged at Ra When last seen the vessel was belching clouds of black smoke Lighter raids were carried out m Japanese bases in the ncluding an attack on the air ield at Buin on Bougainville Is Two or three Japanese planes at tacked the northwestern Australian ort of Darwin during the mt their bombs dropped harmless y in a swamp and the a communique New Artificial Lake Takes Form As Gates of City DamAre Closed Filtration Plant and Pumping Station at Dam Site Are Water Board Coals After almost a year of work and the expenditure of Adrians new artificial lake was beginning to take shape today behind the new Wolk Creek Valves in the dam were closed Saturday after noon in a brief ceremony in which members of the city commission and the water board superintendent of the water said today that from here on the lakes progress will depend on the This water to the deptlTof al most ten feet was backed up at the dam and a large portion of the lake bed was All day yester automobiles stopped along the edge of the new lake as the occu pants watched the water Beautification Planned A great deal of work is yet to be before plans for the new lake are Banks along the south side of the lake are to be leveled off and a project which may be partially completed before cold weather sets The state conservation department has promised to stock the new lake with fish this autumn and next The island which was erect ed in the center of the lake as a foundation for a steel tower carry ing transmission has been leveled off so that it will be six feet the surface of the Floating logs and other rubbish will be cleaned out of the lake as soon as About 50 persons attended the valve closing ceremony at the dam Saturday and heard brief speeches made by Mayor president of the water and Mrl In his speech Mayor Lundahl said that the city commission is most appre ciative of the most efficient man ner in which the business of the Adrian city water board has been conducted and that Adrian has an adequate supply of water for a long time in the He said that Adrian residents should appre ciate the fact that fljis great im not only to our water supply but also the beauty ol the city has been made possible not by taxation and bond issue but through the earnings of the water Outlines Boards Goals Prentice outlined the plans of the board for future improvements to theCitys water supply The modernizing yet to be done consists of providing for improving the quality of the principal ly greater and decreasing the cost of he Perhaps the most startling ineffi ciency is the present necessity of pumping all water As a means of eliminating this Prentice described a plan whereby a new filtration plant and pumping station would be built at the site of the new dam when war conditions and finances permit the water board has been planning to centralize the entire water processing system at the site of the new dam for some this first public men tion of those It is anticipated that these im provements can be financed by earnings of the water Prentice and when paid these improvements will permit a decrease in water Smith paid a tribute to em ployees of the depart ment who have worked untiringly to complete the new project It reqquired some 328 turns of the control wheel to close the last valve and all members of the city commission and the water board took their turn at the wheeL CAFTORED POLICE Unoccupied Sept 28 Three men accused of an armed attack on a post office it in occupied were captured by police today after a running gun battle in which one officer was One of those arrested was said Lo have been involved in a recent spectacular raid on the courthouse at where four men made off with thedefendant in a crimin al trial after an exchange of a B24 Bombers Hit Balkan Cities By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Americanmade B24 fly ing from undisclosed bases with bomb loads as great as four tons have been spreading the message of theJLJnited Nations growing might among the Axis satellites in the Balkins for the past two weeks it has just been bringing blackout and bewilderment to oni capital after The targets in Ru Bulgaria and the puppe state of Croatia could be reachei either from Russia or the Middle but where the bases are is not being Nor are allied authorities reveal ing the nationalities of the bomb ers was indicated it probably jwiuld Idassume tHat are becoming ac quaifiited with the Balkansalong witivVRussian and British pilots American airmen raided Ruman ian oil fields in some of them being forced down in Turkey on the way back to their secret Reliable reports reaching here of Axis movements of troops and war materials across the Balkans re cently toward Africa and Russia bring into sharp focus the import ance of the Balkan In early train after train carried German and Italian troops through More German troops in African uniforms were re ported to have moved southwarc late in the month and during the last half of August the Axis sem 400 pieces of heavy artillery and 89 trainloads of other war materials southward through It is no secret that there were more air raids in the Balkans re cently than Russian and British communiques accounted The Russians raided Budapest 9 and the same night unidentified planes attacked capital of On Sept the Polesti oil fields of Rumania were bombed and un known raiders attacked Sofia and other towns in For sev eral Tadios in the Axis dominated countries went off the air at an unexpectedly early Newspapers Leading Intensive Drive NEW Sept 28 vomen and children by the millions egan today the greatest concen rated hunt in American lationwide search for metal scrap n factoriesand towns and For the next three weeks more newspapers in most states will lead the intensive drive findjunked metal to feed the mngry mills out weapons against the Everything that is made of worn obsolete or unessential metal s needed Old garbage cans skid washing mach nes kitchen elec iron girdersr This is the appeal recently issued by Donald Nelson As chairman of the War Pro duction I call upon every citizen of the United States to make this campaign a success by gathering and turning in all the crap metal that can possibly be Let towering victory stock piles n every communityin the nation tand as symbols of Americas de iance KTurn j Second Front Is Called For By Willkie By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS assertion By General Sir Archibald Wavell that British and American troops would fight their way onto the European continent as soon as pos sible shared attention today with labor leaders demands for an im mediate government answer to Wendell Willkies call for a second front to aid commander in chief of spoke in New Delhi in a re view of the global aspects of the war and voiced his firm conviction that the United Britain Russia and China would fight on together to ultimate It is quite certain that as soon as ever possible both American troops and ourselves will start a cant tellyou when or Wavell Its a biggishproblem starting on the continent Well have some American and we gel back into the But wel get While Wavell was giving this as Lord labor peer was demanding in a speech al Wimbledon that the Churchill wa cabinet reply without delay Willkies assertion in Moscow thai the best way to aid Russia was to open a second front before nexl Strabolgi said he did not see how the labor party could continue to give blind support to the Churchii government unless military aic were given Russia at Shimvell Impressed Emmanuel laborite member of the House of said he had been greatly impressed by Willkies outspoken statement and expressed the opinion that Britain and the United States should take We are told by members of the government that our armies are that our deplorable shippingj losses are rapidly dimin ishing and that we have over whelming superiority in the Shinwell If all that is what are we waiting for The opposite view of the situa was given by Lord parliamentary secretary of the war who said in a speech that Britain already had fought on 13 against great and that she had performed great services for Russia by aerial as saults upon Germany and by de livering supplies to the Soviet in the face of great Turn to 2nd Page 7 ON ALLIED War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS bring up elite troops by plane in attempt to clinch battle of but Russians counterattack at north rn flank of Nazi army in attempt to withstand seige now in sixth claim and such claims are usually exagger ated that three troop and supply ships and a destroyer sunk from North Atlantic WESTERN Archi ald Wavell says second front will e established soon 300 Americans leld in Paris by Germans perhaps to be used as hostages Willkie rails for second front immediately is he leaves Russia for bombing planes attack Jap bases in Australian ector and in with stinging uccess three Jap planes attack ort bombs feU mgjharinlessljrinswionpi Say 3 Transports and De troyer Sunk BERLIN from German broad 28 high com mand said today that German sub marines had sunk three transpor vessels and a destroyer in an attack in the North Atlantic oh a troop and supply convoy en route from the United States to There was no confirmation the attack from other Ger man claims of large scale victories over allied convoys in the past have proved repeatedly to be greatly In the North a specia communique German sub marines destroyed the greater part of American troop transport de stined for They attacked convoy consisting of only a fey large passenger steamers and which was strongly protected ant carrying munitions and war In the course of difficult attacks and heavy pursuit fighting lasting several they sank one two funnelled steamer of the Viceroy of India which cap sized after three torpedo hits one twofunnelled steamer of the 000ton Reina del Pacifico type which blew up following two tor pedo hits one transport of the 000ton Derbyshire and one destroyer of the Two other transport ships were damaged by torpedo With these our sub marines have dealt a heavy blow at the The enemy transport fleet has lost three particularly val fast units totaling such as are employed mainly for specially important and urgent transport of In other regions of the Atlantic from the African to the American submarines sank 11 more ships totaling so thai the total losses of enemy shipping in the last four days amount to 14 ships totaling By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS dent Roosevelt was reported today to have agreed to delay any execu tive move to control the cost of living until Congress completes action on pending antiinflation even if the final draft does not reach him by his 1 In his youdoitorIwill message of September the President told Congressthat present controls would not hold the cost of food and clothing down beyond October and requested action by that But Senator Brown told reporters he had been assured that Roosevelt contemplated no immediate action and would wait a reasonable length of time for Congress to finish its work on a measure directing that wages and salaries be stabilized at September levels so far as With the farm bloc apparently on the run in the Senate after whining an overwhelming victory in the the National Farm ers Union asserted that a change ii the formula of determining parity price will not solve the pro duction problem and inclusion of wages in parity In telegrams of the calculations is sent to members egislative chairman for the suggested Con gress leave to the President the Speed Limit Of 35 For Rubberfired Vehicles In Ordered October 1 2nd Draft Group Leaves Tuesday The second Lenawee county in duction group for this month will leave Adrian tomorrow evening for Detroit where the men will be given final physical examinations which will determine their eligi blity for active military Members of the group are to meet at the Adrian armory on West Maumee Street at to receive final The group then will leave for Detroit on the train from the Wabash Members of the group who are inducted in Detroit will be given the usual 14day furlough before leaving to begin active About 45 Tons of Metal Now Pledged In County An increase in the number of scrap metal coupons from Len awee county farmers was noted over the week end at the office of Richard county salvage but the 173 coupons re ceived so far represent reports from only a fraction of the esti mated farms hi the The weekend mail brought 4f more coupons pledging 14 tons oi metal for the collection which wili start October This brings to 173 the total number of coupons re ceived outside of Adrian and the metal pledged to about 45 From these routes for county road commission trucks will be arranged this The largest estimate of metal on hand included in the latest batch of coupons be received by Goff is pounds which Cory of Blissfield believes he has on a farm in Palmyra The metal on the Cory farm includes several pieces of old farm equipment that will have to be broken up it can be transported collection several plows and other equipment as past the usable While they wont count up in the another welcome con tribution to the campaign comes in the form of a dozen old sabers formerly used in lodge ceremon ies which Homer Harkness ol Adrian has on Will Raynor of Drexel Park writes that she has an 16 pound floor a World War helmet and other articles totaling 53 pounds to start toward the nations hungry blast Coupons clipped from The Tele gram listing an estimated ton of metal waiting to be collected were received today from Ridge of Ridgeway Ray Wiley of Percy Sherman of Pal myra and Clarence Harrington of Estimates of pounds of metal were received from Porter of Ogden and Wisner and Wisner of near Jack Adrian used car has offered to contribute a used its a fact that the car wouldnt even have to becol lected because it still can run on its own in the school children of the city are scurrying iround basements and garages to locate metal which will be taken to school when their campaign itarts Numerous Adrian merchatswere cooperating in the metal salvage campaign Metal collected trom storage rooms and sack alleys over week end had Deen piled on the sidewalks in front of stores and was to be col lected within a day or two by salvage Most of the piles of metal were small but they in dicated that practically everyone has some metal Two hundred and fifty reserva had been made at noon today or the patriotic rally and program arranged Tuesday night at the Masonic Temple by the three Adri an service will be served at The joint meeting of the Rotary and Kiwanis clubs will be the first of its kind held here in the last hree City officials have been invited be guests along with officials of he Lenawee Patriotic lepresentatives of each service club will Harold Furlong of the Army Medi cal Corps who now is administrator of the Michigan Council of will be the principal Serv ce club members bring DANGER POINT PASSED 28 ex change telegraph dispatch from alcutta quoted Lieut the eastern command in today as assert inhe felt the danger joint ia STATE OF Says Court Action May Be Necessary to Uphold Speed Ruling By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 28 Van today proclaimed a state of emergency and ordered a 35 miles per speed limit on Michigan highways effective Octo ber despite an opinion by Attor ney Herbert Rushton that this was not legally The governor called upon the state highway department and the state police to jointly impose a 35 mile limit on state coun ty road commissions to impose it on county roads and municipalities to impose it by Rush ton already has held that the state police and highway department have no authority under the law to declare a blanket speed limit al though the statute allows them to control speeds in interests of safety in limited Expects Cooperation Van Wagoner said he was acting at the request of the Office of De fense fully realiz ing that a test case in court might be necessary to uphold the power of the state to enforce the rule but that he was looking to motorists of Michigan to accept the responsi bility of cooperating in this im portant phase of the war effort In view of the critical condition of our American rubber as clearly shown by the recent report of the Baruch the pro clamation and in order to take all possible immediate steps for conservation of our irreplacable transportation units in line with new OPA and ODT I hereby proclaim that a state of emergency exists in the field of private transportation in and that it is the patriotic duty of every motorist to drive at speeds no greater than 35 miles an to make every possible effort to sharetherride and tolimittheir driving strictly to matters of urg ent I call upon all local government units in Michigan and all possible agencies having jurisdiction over speeds on streets and highways to adopt and enforce a 35mile speed limit in conformity with new ODT The speed limit comes as a com panion step to gasoline expected to be imposed federally within a short possibly in Under Honor System We will need a lot of coopera tion from the Van Wag oner and I am sure they will cooperate They will be under a sort of honor system Even before the state police lost many men to the armed forces they lacked sufficient man power to en force strictly a 35mileanhour speed The result is that motorists will be asked to understand the reasons for the the conservation of tires needed in the and to do their Van Wagoner expressed a hope that courts would deal severelv with Turn to Page 7 Move Jinked With Hender sons Order Rationing Gas In Nation Joseph defense trans portation ordered Saturday that all rubbertired vehicles in the United States be held to a 35 mile anhour speed limit starting Thurs Under the Eastman viplat ors would be subject to the speeding penalties of the states in which the violations 1 Eastmans move was linked with Price Administrator Leon Hender sons announcement that gasoline would be rationed throughout the nation beginning about In ordering the 35mile Eastman announced that he would request all state governors to put such a limitation in effect in their states by proclamation or other and to enforce it The speed limit becomes effec tive 1 for all vehicles except those operated by common carriers in scheduled regular route For those in the latter group trucks and buses operated on regu lar schedules over regular the order becomes effective The only vehicles exempt are those operated by or under the direction of the armed services or in emergencies for the protection or preservation of life and or for public Eastman speci that the exempt vehicles must not be driven at a rate of speed in excess of that which is reasonable under condi tions prevailing at such Eastman acted under President Roosevelts wartime powers after consulting with Rubber Director William Extension of the gasoline ration ing plan now in effect in 17 eastern states to the remainder of the na compulsory tire inspection and the 35 mile speed limit are designed to save rubber and They were among the recommendations made by Bernard Uaruchs rub ber investigating Penalties to be Imposed Penalties forfailure to submit tires to inspection will be imposed but their nature has not yet been officials The rationing plan will follow the one now jn effect in the Henderson said that some 000 passenger cars outside of the present rationed area will be af fected by the new He estimated also that rationing reduce the use of private passenger cars an average of almost 60 per cent from Owners of cars in the present un rationed area will be required to register and will receive a basic gasoline ration for their cars to al ow miles of travel per year jased on gasoline consumption of 15 miles to the Additional mileage up to 470 miles a month may be obtained by the motorist who can show that his original allotment is insufficient to meet occupational needs who shows either that he has formed a carsharing club to keep his car Eilled to capacity while in or that there is no other means of transportation available to Turn to Page 7 Americans In Occupied France Are Up By Germans 28 IP roundup of Americans in the Germanoccupied zone of France has started by the advices to diplomatic quarters said Reports from Paris said there was reason to believe that the Germans had in mind using the Americans as a type of hostage in an effort to demand Germans from the United States or to ask other A traveler from the occupied zone to Vichy was quoted as say iig he understood 300 persons in all had been rounded most of them in This number approximates the total Americans still hi the oc cupied among them some too ld to travel and some still await ing negotiations for It was reported without con Srmation that Charles friend of the and Duchess of Windsor whose wife is the iormer Miss Fern Lombard of tfew York and was among those taken into Bedaux recently had been in in the unoccupied zone butit was stated there was rea son to believe he might have gone to Paris The roundup was only one of a number of problems involving Americans The States embassy in Vichy has asked Pierre Lavals government to explain why citi zens of the United States had been barred from air travel in unoc cupied France along with other it KM xegorted It was understood that the Em bassy also wanted to know why American motion picture films have been stopped in transit at the Spanish border for the past eight days and why American film distributors hi the unoccupied zone have been notified to close their offices October Announcement of the restric tions on air which threaten ed to increase friction already ex isting between Washington and was made by the French air lines as Laval conferred with German officials in Paris after ousting the ardent Jacques as secre tary of state in his foreign min The ouster of BenoistMechin came week after rumors of plots against the Laval regime and was accompanied by a statement from Laval in which he declared I shall under no circumstances allow the authority of the govern ment to be This is more necessary today than The government stands firm and there Is no reason why it should not do so in the I am firmly re splved to carry out to the end my Laval did not elaborate further on the reasons for BenoistMech ins Some be lieved his action had upset a plan to have BenoistMechin take over from Laval at the head of of YoungCollaborationists press ing for a proGerman program at a pace which mindful American prestige and too   

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