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   Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - September 5, 1942, Adrian, Michigan                                ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Much Cnange In Temperature Weather on SEPTEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 FARM PRICES TO BE FROZEN Germans Are Stopped At Stalingrad Presidential Move Is Made To Halt Threatened Runaway Increase In Cost Of Living Russians Break Into Enemy Positions Northwest of City By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sept army men lushing out from the battered defense arc before Stalingrad have stalled repeated attacks and brok en into German positions north west of the capturing prison ers and war supplies and leaving 270 enemy dead on the the Russians said Bloody fighting for a railway station southwest of the Volga River metropolis was reported in its second Frontal andenfilad ing fire cut into the huge tank and infantry formations hurled into that sector by German Field Marshal Fedor von The enemy attacks were re the midday communique Checking of the German squeeze upon Stalingrad and an improve ment of Red army positions on the Axis flank within the Don Bend had been reported 12 hours Russias central front resuming an offensive against the RzhevVyazma salient west o were reported to have captured a number of additional 400 Germans Wiped Out Red Army men of one it was wiped out about 400 enemy officers and Violent pressure in the western Caucasus forced the Russians back in one sector northwest of the Novorossisk naval but Rec land batteries and the guns of the Black Sea fleet pound ed the Germans and their Ruman ian allies the midnight com munique Six German tanks were de as well as 15 while two battalions of infantry were it was acknowledged the invaders had forced a river cross ing in the Terek Basin near Moz dok and said our troops were en gaged in pressing the enemy back in that theater befpre the Caucas ian Mountains and the Grozny oil Without the communique said fighting persisted in the re gion of 130 miles northwest of Our warships in the Baltic sank four enemy transports anc two German torpedo boats with a displacement of the war bulletin Russian sources said also that eight Nazi planes were destroyed during a thrust against Leningrad Friday and tHat survivors of the squadron Turn to Page 6 National Customers Will Be Served at Lenawee Bank Tuesday Morning In accordance with action taken by the shareholders of the two banks August the deposits and business of the National Bank of Adrian will be transferred to the Lenawee County Savings Bank over the week end and beginning Tuesday morning customers of the National will be served across the street at the Most of the National bank of ficials and clerks will join the staff at the The plan to unite the two banks provided for the sale of the de posits and assets of the National bank to the the sale making the Lenawee a mortgages and cash will be transferred to the Lenawee to offset the Clerks and bank officials have been working nights this week to bring records up to date prepara tory to effecting the actual trans Over the double holiday safety deposit boxes at the National will be moved to the Lenawee along with cash and Remodeling operations have been under way at the Lenawee to ac commodate the larger number ol SMOKY TRIP SAN Sept 5 One thing John Howard Ruggles of the RAF ferry command wont forget in a hurry is Winston Churchills He spent some hours in a smoky airplane cabin with In fact he was copilot of the plane that took the British prime min ister to Moscow recently for his talks with Joseph Til never forget that Us 28yearold San Franciscan told in terviewers wrinkling his We had to openthe bomb bay WPBToOack Down On Hoarders Sept 5 The War Production Board moved today to crack down on merchants hoarding of civilian supplies in or der to assure an equitable nation wide distribution of The WPB approved yesterday a program under which inventories in the hands of retailers and wholesalers will be The expected to become ef fective early in resulted from problems created by heavy buying on the part of some threatening to create shortages in some areas while an abundance of needed supplies was available else Donald chair said the plan would contrib ute to an equitable distribution of inventories and could be accom plished without unnecessary hard ships or difficulties for the retail and wholesale But the plan means that those affected will not be able to stock up beyond normal inventories as a safeguard against anticipated shortages in some A special committee drafted the program after conferring with hundreds of merchants and manu The latter also may be limited hi their To Require Reports A WPB order will be forthcom ing which will require reports from each dealer of his stock on hand and his sales by quarters of the accompanied by a state ment of the normal This would be a stock bearing the same relation to sales as the av erage quarterly inventory of the years 193941 had to Unless these reports showed that stocks had been reduced to such an extent as to require no gov ernment an order would enforce Although excess inventories are now In process of committee report there are indications that abnormal advance buying and attempted accumula tion of inventories will again take place in many lines of merchandise during the months Some manufacturers and mer chants would be Those whose businesses for the year end ing Sept grossed less than or whose inventories were less than tost value would not be The order would not cover merchants primarily en gaged in the food or eat ing and drinking secondhand florists and antique dry shoe repair steel and other metal auto and parts deal farm implement and fuel It was estimated that firms would be 8 Am eric an Correspondents Dead in War NEW 5 porting the first three of the war from all battle fronts has cost the lives of eight American cor says the current is sue of Editor and week ly newspaper trade Seventeen other war correspon dents have been wounded or in jured and three are the magazine adding that still heavier casualties were in prospect as the fourth year got under Listed as dead were Ralph New York Herald Tribune Melville Time Ben Baltimore Sun Webb United Press Har ry United Press Don NBC Lea PM Eu gene North American Newspaper Those reported missing were Witt Hancock and Vern Haugland of the Associated Press and Wil liam McDougall of United Hancock and McDougal have been missing since the fall of Java and Haugland has not been heard from since he bailed out of a plane over New Guinea during a storm on BRITISH OFFICER CAPTURED From German Broad Sept 5 comman der ofthe Sixth Brigade of the British Imperial forces on the Egyptian front has been captured along with several hundred other the German high com mand said Several armorsupported Brit ish attacks on the southern end of the line the communique A British destroyer in the East ern Mediterranean was to have been hit by a torpedo from a German Hurled Back Marshal Fedor von Bock Russian Army Headquarters to day reported that the massive weight of Marshal Fedor von Bocks assault against the ap proaches of Stalingrad had been absorbed and hurled The Russians also were reported to have staged successful counterat tacks on the northwest front EXPECT REVIVAL OF RUM PLAN Decision On Spending Levies Put Off Until Tuesday 5 Revival of the Runu payasyougo plan for collection of individual in come taxes was predicted today by some of its supporters on the Sen ate finance Senator Byrd DVa said he understood that Beardsley chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and originator Canada Will Curtail Paper Production 5 the Dominion newspaper adminis trator worked on plans to concent rate production in the industry to conserve workers and electric power for war Mayor Hutt of first community mentioned in reports of prospective paper making cur announced the calling of a mass meeting to seek explana Is it Mayor Hutt ask that interests who have been gunning1 for the Ontario Paper Company for years may now be able to achieve theic aims under the cloak of necessity arising from the war Administrator who was engaged in manpower confer ences at his offices has not yet disclosed which mills will be Premier Hepburn of On said on 24 that the Thorold mill of the Ontaria Paper owned by the Chicago TribuneNew York Daily was slated to be shut Earlier this the administrat or received authority from Ottawa to proceed with allocation of pro in a statement at said his city of more than with over 60 per cent of its workers engaged in paper was For three he we have been aware of bitter at tacks made on the Ontario Paper Company because this company has refused to enter into the pr07 rata agreement with other news print concerns in Canada to cut down production at re duce the payroll here and divide it up among other paper mills now or working part time ment of would be available for consultation with committee members next week when they ap proach decisions on individual rate schedules in the new Senator Clark DMo added that he believed the committee might call Ruml for further ex planation of his to which treasury officials have entered some objections and which they de sire to modify if it is to be As tentatively Rum plan would cancel all 1941 incbme taxes and apply payments made this year to 1942 which ord inarily would not be due until March Continuing this system there the taxpayer would compute his actual income at the end of the year arid make add ing the necessary amount to satisfy his liability to the payments he already had made or receiving a re The treasury has suggested that only the 1941 taxes on the norma and first bracket surtax earnings be and that persons in the higher brackets of income be given two or three years in which to pay this back tax while making payments on the current Turn to Page 6 Todays Map For a map of embattled Stalin turn to page seven of todays Germans Execute Four Churchmen Sept 5 Three months to the day after Reinhard The Hangman Heydrich died of wounds inflicted by Czech the Germans announced last night the execution of four one a on charges that they had concealed and aided para chute agents accused of the as Already the Gestapos revenge for the killing of this ruthless Ger man ruler of BohemiaMoravia has claimed perhaps thousands of Czech lives and has resulted in the destruction of two entire villages and the ar rest or transportation of their in The churchmen executed according to the German were the Orthodox Bishop Elder Jan Vladimir a and Vaclav a Their property was Earlier in the day Czech govern ment circles in London heard that 19 persons had been shot today in Eight of them al leaders in a secret anti German Three were reported accused of espionage and the other eight of burglary during the blackout In connection with the execu tion of the the Prague radio reiterated German charges that the actual killers were drop ped by parachute from an RAF plane Two of the alleged llers were onJune 18 afte they had been found in a and it was reported that five other chute agents had been killed BELLS WILL Junior and Senior High Open at Grade at 9 Oclock ATTENDANCE DROP LIKELY School bells will ring again Tues day when the Adrian public Josephs parochial and the Johns grade school open their doors for the 194243 school The junior and senior high schools will begin at and the public elementary schools are to start at 9 oclock as will Jo sephs and St Johns Five more women have signed contracts to teach in the public school Miss Mary Ellen Co burn of Ypsilanti will replace Arthur Merritt in the home eco department of the senior high Miss Gladys Emery of Dearborn will teach geography in the junior high school replacing Miss Dorothy The position of physical educa tion instructor formerly occupied by Miss Pauline Vihtelic in the Lin coln school will be filled by Miss Ruth Lawless of Mich Miss Lawless is a 1942 graduate of Michigan State Normal College at Phyllis DeVries Jones will teach in the New Mc Kinley Gladys Duncan of Toledo will repjace Miss Edna Kelley on the Jefferson school fac Teachers Meet Monday In preparation for the opening of a general teachers meeting will be held Monday at m in the assembly room of the senior high After the genera the teachers are to meet their respective supervisor or No extensive repairs have been made to the school build have read of penalizing thp antiBritish Chicago Tribune for its NEW 5 cause the war industry town of teems beyond its population one energetic woman has proposed to national officials a housing plan designed to meet wartime needs and limitations on a national Several ordnance production plants operate in town whose population in 1940 was and which issued sugar ration cards to persons in War plant alarmed at the housing sent for Miss Helen Daggett home remodeling consultant and editor of Small Home for Warren already had hot beds people using one bed in shifts of eight hours Cots crammed attics and Construction materials for new housing were unavailable they were needed for war And funds were a government housing project for people involved not only new dwellings at a cost of but the laying out of all facilities for such as streets and Miss Daggett thought this a waste of critical and ex pensive investment for the number of people to be and a potential postwar ghost she said here in an So she experimented by remodeling a dilapidated formerly used by one It cost to convert the house into four proximately per apartment This cant be taken as the ex ample to judge every house Miss Daggett but it shows what can Te She took the plan to Washing ton and is asking officials to divert housing funds to remodeling oi existent W Her plan would have the gov ernment pay half the cost ot re the owner to pay the rest Then the government might take 10 per cent of but for the duration the fed eral agency would be paid off on its at least But in case of postwar dislocation of home owners would not be saddled with obligations they could not FRENCH LAUNCH WARSHif Unoccupied Sept 5 launched to day the second warship built since the the mine Rageout de la at the Pro vence navy The hew ship is of the same class as the Matelot launched in July and also being used Trtgh selibbl and tire window sashes in all of the schools have been re All of the buildings have cleaned arid The total enrollment of the pub lic school system October 1941 was and superintendent of George Little said to day that I dont expect any in crease in the enrollment this but rather a The Marys parochial school is to begin September Registration for Josephs Academy is September 9 with regu lar class work beginning the tenth Registration for freshmen at Adrian College and also Siena Heights College will be and for September Siena Heights College will register wo men for Saturday and evening classes September Regular classes at Adrian College will begin Most of the rural schools in the county opened this week although a few will open Tuesday along with the city DAY TO BE Nation at War to Give Up Traditional Frolicking By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The American nation at war gave up most of its traditional Labor Day week end frolicking today in order to keep the production ma chine grinding against the War workers throughout the land stuck to their machines with little if any In in CIO spokesmen protested to Pres ident Roosevelt against shutdowns they said had been ordered Mon day at Chrysler and Ford If any sobering reminder was needed that war puts luxury spend ing out of bounds on a holiday week end or any other it was the disclosure in Washington thai the President was expected to an nounce Monday a drastic order limiting all salaries and farm Millions of Americans planned stay at home week ends this year There was a marked tendency against purely pleasure motoring what with the tiregasolineauto mobile Reflecting that the National Safety Council predicted a traffic toll of 400 killed from 6 Fri day to midnight compared with 600 fatalities last First reports early today in an Associated Press survey showec only three traffic one each in Connecticut Indiana and Turn to LABOR Page 7 PAPER MONDAY In with custom there will be no edition of The Telegram on Labor Axis Forces Fail To Regain Newly Won British Positions In Central Part Of Desert Line By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS forces beat off three heavy counter attacks against newly won positions in the central sector of the El Alamein desert front a joint British headquartersRAF communique said The which the Axis attempting to had been taken Thursday night when British forces struck out to the southwest in the central sec The objectives sought by the British were reached and the communique Yesterday Axis infantry and armored units were sent against the same but intense Allied artillery fire slowed up the counterattacks and helped the in fantry to drive off the Axis While the British were improv ing their positions in the central Nazi Field Erwin Rommels forces on the southern end of the line in region of Himeimat again moved slightly the communique said new withdrawal of Rommels British mobile units and artillery continued to batter at the thwarted Axis forces in this sector and con tinued their pressure on the enemys it was Germans Tanks Destroyed German abandoned dur ing the were de it was Rommels determination to find fGETl SERVICE Huge Transport Hospital Planes Planned 5 Plans of the Army and Navy to transport complete hospitals as well as all badly wounded men by air were described to the Aero Medical Association Ambulance planes will scout the seas for several hundreds of miles after fights like Midway and the In land fighting quick ie planes will jump wounded men from almost the front lines to huge transport hospital ships a few miles to the The plan is to try to assure ev ery wounded American a chance to get back to a fullyequipped hospital in the socalled golden period the first few hours during which his chances to if he is are doubled or The reports were made by Brig adier General air headquarters of the Army Air and Navy Bureau of Med icine and Last said General the Armys farthest north hospit a 25bed institution at burned to the Ev ery bit of equipment was destroy There was no replacement in In 11 days the entire equipment for a new 25bed hospital had been flown to the hospital erect ed and put into operation General Grant skid 500 sick and wounded have been flown out of Alaska and that others already are being flown from other distant The Army now is training three hospital plane two of longdistance ships and one of light The lat ter are intended to hop five to 20 miles from the battlefields to bas es wherethe big ships can lake Every troop transport and every plane now is equipped for conversion to hospital trans In a short said General we expect to assure all our wounded that they will be transported Capt Adams said that in naval air where planes strike the enemy hundreds of miles from surface the rescue soon will be primarily Sur face ships not reach thn downed aviators in REACH BASE SAFELY 5 party ofAmerican and Australian airmen who made a crash landing in a swamp near Buna on 7 finally has returned safely to base after a 150mile trek through the New Guinea with them a section a parachute on which they kept a daytoniay dairy of their long during which they shot a wild pig and two game cockstosupplement their meager a favorable place in the Allied line for an allout assault was further indicated in the movement of Axis bound east on the road between Salum and Sidi These vehicles were successfully attacked by longrange Allied the communique Although air activity over the battle area was on a reduced scale Allied aircraft pounded at enemy transport both on the roads leading to the battle front from Libya and over the Three Axis aircraft were re ported shot down near the battle area last night British commentators avoided the suggestion that the movement ofAllied forces was a counterof but noting that all arms of the Eighth British Army were engaged in considerable fight Ing throughout said Rom mel has lost the initiative and we seem to have seized While the opposing forces spar red for position on the Egyptian land Allied air in cluding American bombed Rommels supply lines on land and RAF and Australian bombers and torpedo planes picked out an Axis convoy on the Mediterranean and it was announced one mer chant ship was a destroyer probably sunk and a third ship set The same convoy had been attacked previously by Army Active Reports from the front said that United States tank riding General Grants into action in the first two days ofthe battle which began had showed they can both take it and hand it United States headquarters in Cairo announced that one Ameri can tank alone had knocked out six Axis tanks and probably dis posed of two British Lance Corporal telling how an American tank crew baled out1 of a General Grant after it had been hit by five shells and then returned and drove it off the said the American tank men were a fine bunch of chaps who are quick on the mark and can shoot It was reported that Rommel had sent a numberof tanks forward as bait for the Allied armored attempting to lure them into a nest of cleverly concealed antitank This was the maneuver which proved so disastrous to the British during Rommels drive across Lib ya in The Allied tanks did not fall into the trap this In stead they remained in the rear while Allied artillery opened up on the German Germans Report Budapest Raided First Time 5 strong force of British bombers attacked the German shipbuilding city of Bremen last night and Axis radio broadcasts reported that Allied flying near the heart of had raided Budapest for the first Eleven aircraft were reported missing from the raid on a familiarbombing target on the Weser Riler 40 miles from the North It was the fourth straight night of British assaults against war in dustries and communications of Hitlers American or Soviet bombers might have made the long flight against the capi tal of Axisallied and a commercial and industrial center of population on the mid dle but the Berlin radio said they struck from the north direction of embattled Budapests alert lasted an hour and 50 A heavy explo sionsounded on the outskirts at midnight and several hits were scored within the the Ber lin account Turn Page 7 BIGGEST CAT Sept 5 by a 12ounce is Denvers biggest cat The sevenyear old black Per sian weighed in at 17 pqunds last night and settled a stormy feline issue that has involved newspaper editors and a big share of Denvers catloving population neatly a LEVEL President ip Create Eponomic Administrator In Labor Day Message By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS dras tic Presidential order limiting all salaries and farm prices was in store for the nation today in an unprecedented govern ment officials to thwart a threatened runaway rise in the cost of The responsible sources who can not be quoted by said the as drafted by President Roosevelt for issuance onSLabor calls for creation of an eco nomic administrator to carry out these policies and others designed to halt rising wartime living In the presidential edict is scheduled to tighten the purse strings of every American to lux ury or unnecessary spending but open them wide to payments of debts and more and to great er war bond Even Roosevelts advisers who aided in preparing themessage regarded it as almost revolutionary because an act of Congress virtual ly will be set aside by the farm price section of the order which affects a provision of the price control act specifically forbidding any price ceilings on farm products at less than 110 per cent of The President will say his war time powers and duties are suffic ient authority for the Al ready mentioned as possibilities for the post of economic administrator were GovernorHerbert Lehman of New Wendell Willkie and Bernard General Provisions General provisions of the decree as outlined by authoritative infor mants is expected to prohibit wage increases above the January l level by more than 15 per the approximate rise in liv ing costs since that Work ers paid by the will not be prevented from receiving more for extra hours and it was indicated that those who had received more than a 15 per cent increase since January 1 will be permitted to continue on the basis of the increased While wages will constitute the amount paid by an hourly rate or other compensation up to salaries will include amounts ranging from that figure to a It is still to be decided whether salaries will be frozen or permitted to be raised on the costofliving but on salaries above a vear in creases will be Farm prices will be frozen also although revision may be made later on the charges for some pro ducts with some of the revisions to be it was The government officials said income tax laws will be used parti cularly to enforce wage provisions of the Refusal to allow em ployers business expense deduc tions for unauthorized wage in creases would bring increased taxes on As a matter of normal most employers were expected to abide voluntarily by the While the order is not expected to affect directly other costofliv ing it is anticipated Mr Roosevelts message to Congress and his radio address to the public will stress necessity of more more war bond more prompt payment of and avoidance of To Answer Questions in Advance As for an executive dismissal of legislation bolstering farm prices it was expected that Roosevelt would count on forestalling farm bloc protests by answering some of the objections in advance in a mes sage to Congress preceding a radio address to the The President has said his mes sage will not constitute a request for any legislation and consequent it was expected he will explain his belief of necessity for freezing farm prices at present When the President advised Con gress in 1940 of the trading of 50 destroyers to Great Britain in ex change for outlying air and naval it was recalled that his an nouncement also was accompanied by an opinion of former Attorney General now a supreme court affirming his author ity for the act The message con stituted a report and an explana tion to the There was no request for congressional In the preparation of his anti inflation the President was known to have conferred Attorney General Biddle and other Justice Department   

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