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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - September 3, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Cooler WtfUut Details on Faca Two SEPTEMBER PRICE 3 New Sign Aid Pacts Check Germans in But Retreat Southwest of City RUSSIANS FIGHT BITTERLY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sept German assault against Stalingrad from the northwest stood checked at the very approaches to the Volga city but to the southwest the Red army again recoiled before the massed tanks which drove a men acing wedge into the most stub bornly defended Both the noon communique and field dispatches announced a fur ther retreat in this vital while 400 miles to the southwest a similar retreat was made by the Soviet forces defending the Black Sea naval base at A dramatic battle was reported northwest of Stalingrad where a Russian antiaircraft battery level ed its guns against 50 German tanks charging into the approach es to the city and stopped them until reinforcements The saic that German planes divebombec the northwestern approach to Sta lingrad after which tanks appear ed suddenly and rushed toward a Russian antiaircraft Swinging their guns to horizon the antiaircraftmen haltec the but two companies of German infantry trailing the ma chines closed in about the Until nightfall the Rusisan gun ners wrecking 17 of the The battery exhausted its supply of but the crews cap tured a mortar and shells from the enemy and held on to their posi tion through a night illuminated by They effectively blocked a German supply route and in the morning were relievec by tank and troop Hungarian and Rumanian divi sions were said to be speeding eastward to swell the ranks of the Kazi shock Guns flamed through the night on the Stalingrad front and abovi a provisional Red naval base on the Black the midday the Russians fought to hold against intensified Defensive feats were emphasizec by the troops who recently fought their way back to the Klet area to harass the Axis flank within the Don Bend repuls ed an attack by a German infan try regiment which was supportet by 28 it adding Turn to Page 2 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sept 3 The United Great Au New Zealand and Fighting France concluded today a series of reciprocal aid agreements de signed to clarify the principles of mutual assistance in their common struggle against the Signed on the third anniversary of the French and British declara tions of war against the agreements specify and formalize the principles and procedures cov ering aid to the armed forces of the United States by the other par ties to the agreements on the same terms as those under which the United States supplies lendlease aid to Such reciprocal aid already has been furnished to the United States also by the other signator ies without conclusion of formal agreements a State Depart ment commentary points this aid is rapidly increasing in impor tance as the intensity of the Amer ican war effort increases in the various theaters of The Australian and New Zealand agreements wereconclud ed in Washington by exchanges of notes between Secretary of State British Ambassador Lord Australian Minister Sir Owen Dixon and New Zealands Walter The agree ment with Fighting France was concluded hi London by John acting military representative of the United and Maurice De rep resenting the French national Kanzler Gets Key WPB Post Sept The rapid rise of Ernest Kauz ler in the governments war pro duction councils today found him ready to act as director general fo operations of the War Production Posts of increased responsibility have been given Michigan automotive since he accept ed his first government job las and in his new position he will have supervision over a operations of These operations include thi activities of approximately 40 in dustry and materials branches am all priorities and allocations mat Appointment at Kanzler to hi new post was announced by WPI Chairman Donald Nelson last night thus moving the bespectacl energetic former production chief of the Ford Motor Company to one of the highest positions in the wartime production a native of Saginaw and an attorney and banke as well as an industrialist succeed Amory Y Industrialist who has ef fective Sept Houghton resign it was hi order tc save the WPB any embarrassmen from the recent federal court con viction of himself and his company among of charges of vio lating antitrust The WPB announcement sai Houghton would return to his position as chairman of the Corn Ing Glass The government first brough Kanzler into its service last Jan when William pro duction chief under the Office o Production Management named him chief of the OPMs automotive A fortnight later as WPB appointed Kanzler di rector of the Detroit region Tinder the new Kanzler played an important part In the gigantic con vision task of the auto Industry as it turned to high speed war pro Turn to Page 17 Postpones Tonights Concert The weekly concert of the Ad rian scheduled tonight a Riverside was postponed early this afternoon by Huge assistant because of inclement If weathe conditions are favorable the con cert will be presented next week on committee headed by Charles de All of the agreements empha size that the general principle gov erning mutual aid is that the war production and war resources of each of the signatories should be used ways most effectively util izing the man production facilities and shipping They further specify the elimi as far as of mone tary That a max imum of the articles and services provided by each party to the oth er shall be in the form of recipro cal aid in services or thus reducing to a minimum the need of each for the currency of the The agreements formalize the obligations of the other parties to furnish the armed forces of the United States with military equip military and na val and other fa cilities and whenever these can be most effectively ob tained in their respective coun Turn to Page 2 No Progress Made Toward Settlement of Post Dis pute BATTLE Sept Renewed assurances were given management today by strikers that adequate personnel will be admit ted to maintain the security of the Post Products plant of the General Foods here against fire sa accident and food In response to a demand by Ed ward conciliator and Tom chairman of the state labor relations the as surance was given Stanley Zim plant by Roy CIO union representative lasfcnigKtScogginsspoke forl300 striking members of the Dairy division of the Unit ed Retail Wholesale Employees of and made the pledge to chief of police Harold E The assurances came after a complaint to Van Wagoner yesterday morning that the union was not allowing maintenance workers to enter the plant as its representatives tad agreed the night Scoggins said that at the last negotiating session Tuesday night recessed by Federal Conciliator Richard the union had agreed to admit a list of 233 main tenance and security in eluding men employed as machin ists in turning out a defense sub contract and research chemists working on an army field Yesterday Scoggins office workers and some union men who were among the 233 agreed on did no1 show up to enter the plant He saic some maintenance men agreed on were not located in time to report for Zimmerman met with Scoggins last night in an attempt to get the union to agree to admitting a re vised list of 219 When Scoggins removed traffic depart ment employees of General Foods office foremen and assist ants from the Zimmerman left the With no scheduled resumption of contract there is no apparent progress toward a settle ment of the now going Into its fifth day or a resumption o state conciliators are believed about to resume discus probably Herring Favors 5 to 7 Per Cent Levy 3 JP Senator Herring DIowa declar ed today that a manufacturers sales tax of 5 to 7 per cent was the most practical way to boost reve nues from the pending supplemen tal tax bill to the Treasurys goal of a When we get through consid ering the taxes already written into the House bill or those sug gested in the Senate Finance Com Herring were go ing to find ourselves far short of our revenue A sales tax is the It will bring in the all A check changes indicates that the Senate group has trimmed about from the potentia revenue under the House version a member of the Fi nance estimated tha a 5 to 7 per cent manufacturers sales tax would produce upwards of Fur he forecast that such a levy would prove popular withthe cit izens would pay the tax and result they had a stake in the government As Iowas first Democratic gov ernor in 46 I sponsored a sales Herring I was passed and two years later the fight against me was centerec on the sales But I was re elected by twice as big a majority as in The people liked Turn to Page 2 MAY HAVE TO LEAVE COUNTRY SAN Sept Two children of a native citizen of the United States must leave the country by November 1 unless friends can have the immigration laws amended by They are Karen and children of Grace ONeill Nansen who escaped with them from Norway after the Ger mans invaded that Their a Norwegian who formerly worked in a London is in a German concentration The mother was born in San Diego and lost her citizenship on marriage to an Subsequent ly she reacquired her citizenship but it was not until seven years ago that the immigration laws were amended to put mothers on equal footing with fathers in trans mitting citizenship to children born the State Department has no tified Nansen the children must leave the country before November the date their visitors visas Attorney Curtis Hillyer has ask ed Sheridan Downey to spon sor legislation authorizing admis sion of such children as nonquota iROUND TROOPS RESTING By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS GENERAL MACARTHURS Sept planes bombed and straf ed Japanese troops in the Kokoda area four times yesterday while Allied ground forces rested and a Japanese destroyer and airdromes at both Lae and Biika were the tarr ets of other aerial a com muniqufi said Milne Bay operations at the southeastern tip of New Guinea were summarized with a declara tion that the Australians continued to round up isolated enemy de tachments in the Both the guerrilla type fighting about the Salamaua sector and heavier clashes at 60 miles northeast of the advanced Al lied base at Port were broken off as the weary troops took a breathing Landbased bombers ranged over the Pacific by night to a Japanese naval and air base at the northern tip of the and smashed at its airdrome runway and No interception was Five tons of bombs fell in the target the communique An enemy destroyer was attacked with unknown Fast United States medium known as Maraud the raid upon a familiar target on the northeastern coast of New andthe com said there was no inter Airdrome installations were reported effectively Fighters and light bombers climbed over the Owen Stanley mountains and then dropped sharp ly to strike with machineguns cannon and explosives at Japanese lines and A spokesman for General Mac Arthur said he had no explanation for the recent lack of Japanese aerial A compilation of communique shows that the Allies destroyed 80 Japanese fight nine bombers and two dive bombers against a loss of only five Allied fighters and four bombers Allied piaiiesnave gone aloft daily without a break since 5 to bomb or strafe the Japanese in the south Little Is Authorized To Collect Madisons Delinquent School Tax The Adrian school board last eve ning authorized Superintendent George Little to proceed to collect of delinquent school taxes held by the Madison town ship The sum represents taxes assessed on Madison town ship property that formerly was within the Adrian school district The money was collected as delin quent school taxes after the area was severed from the Adrian school district by special act of the state legislature in Under that act pupils living in the Madison township area were accorded the right to attend the Adrian schoolfree of tuition for a tenyear That period ex pires in July The ion period was written into the act to repay the Madison township property owners for their equity in the Adrian school districts plant and equipment The tax money that the Adrian board seeks to re cover was levied before the separa tion took At the August meeting of the John Madison townships said that the taxes were levied for Madison school children and that his town ship board proposed to spend it only for such a He had acceptedit said that in trying to collect the money the Adrian board wants to pick the pockets of those Madison He suggested that the part of Madison township be rein corporated within Adrian dis then the delinquent taxes plus some other school funds woulc be paid But the Adrian board was cool to that suggestion President King remarking that the Madison taxpayers hat received their that their children were educated here then and the moneyis due the Adrian business coming before the board last evening included lowance of August amounting to and the approval three contracts for Con tracts were approved Miss De Vries Jones and Gladys Dun all grade school Superintendent Little said that the position of home economics teach ers was still Five appli cants for that position had been approved since he bu in each case they had decided to accept positions in larger schoo One applicant declined the position three hours after she 3 Interception Noted as Jap Base in Solomons Is Bombed INVETOTE DEATH OF Sept 3 27yearold civil ser vice employee of the Nava Ordnance plant operated by the Hudson Motor Car died in St Josephs at two hours aft er he was discovered near his parked car with his clothes aflame State police today were probing for an explanation of how anc why McDonald was set and McComb county Coroner Howard Groesbeck ordered an immediate Morris a farm dis covered the blazing state po lice and beside it McDonald his clothes Another pas serby arrived goon anc together the two men stripped of McDonalds clothes and summoned an Hysterical with the victim made no coherent statement be fore according to police State Trooper Charles Leaf of the Keego Harbor post said the car bore no marks of having been in volved in an A can that had contained high lyinflammable oil was discovered in the Persons that passed the on Seventeen Mile Road between Ryan and a few mo ments earlier told police McDon alds car was not parked there at that Navy officers at the Hud son arsenal said McDonald was an accountant in the cost department and that he did not have access to vital information or A former resident of Lansing he is survived by his Aileen who now is living in Chinese Retake Important Towns Sept 3 nese dispatches reported today the recapture from the Japanese ol an important highway anc river center about 25 miles north west Other reports related that Chi nese guerrillas had repccupiec several important in the Ki angsuAnhwei border region late in August The suffered heavy losses in both from their own forces and from the Chinese pup pet troops whodeserted to Free Chinas and in large quanti ties the reports At one town alone more1 than 800 puppet troops were said to have crossed to the Chinese side after and Japanese Price Ceiling Violators Gted 3 The Office ofPrice Administration announced that it would file ac tions in federal 18 cities today in connection with a cam alleged violators of price ceilings on beef and than 100 and wholesale distributors are involv Most of the OPA in volve socalled upgrading of beef and although many were concerned as wellwith plain and simple The packers and wholesalers also will be charged with issuing incorrect and failing to issue as provided for by OPA OPA will seek injunctions to compel compliance with its regu There have been complaints from all parts of the OPA that packers and wholesale distributors were ignoring price regulations and are palming off inferior cuts above OPA The OPA defined upgrading as stamping and selling meat of in ferior grades at prices established for higher Under the all carcasses and wholesale cuts of meat must be ac curately stamped and sold at prices not exceeding the legally established maximum prices for the particular Showdown Battle For NUe Fails To Develop A s Rommel Meefs Furious Allied A ttacks XP Reciprocal lendlease already las brought American forces abroad a wide variety of war sup plies ranging from squadrons of Spitfires and newly constructed airdromes to D ration chocolate Plane Crews Report Large Fires Are Started strong force of RAF bombers ushered in the third anniversary of Britains declaration of war against Ger many with flamesetting raids up on the upper Rhineland centered at railway shops city of the British said The crews reported very large fires and a thick pall of smoke up to feet over the an authoritative statement Eight our bombers are mis Relays of British planes evi dently both fighters and thrust explosively at Nazi com munications and defense works in northern news said dispatch that bombs were dropped at sever al places to theleft of the a city of pop stands on an elevated plain five miles east of the river and 65 miles southeast of coal and iron production point which was bombed Tuesday night by morethan 200 British bombers in a raid officially termed an out standing Observers on the English south east coast said explosions and vivid flashes developed across Dover Strait around midnight and Ger man searchlights could be seen probing the The attack against French ob jectives continued about 30 minutes after outwardbound British planes had sped across the Another RAF raid on the same area started before 4 anc continued 20 Two German bombers were re ported shot down in raids shortly before midnight last night upon areas in east and northeastern Eng British authorities said the raiders caused only slight damage and there were no reports of cas A Berlin broadcast said military the industrialmid lands were the American Fliers Are Decorated 3 of 24 decorations in the wars firsl mass citations of Americans hi Europe was announced today by Major General Carl com mander in of air forces in the European The Distinguished Flying Cross went to four two were given silver star awards while 18 awards of the Order of the Purple Heart were Five of the latter awards were Second Samuel Junkin of the first S fighter pilot to shoot down a Ger man plane in this was award ed both the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Purple His victim was a FockeWulf shot down in action over Junkin was wounded in the left shoulder and also was shot He now is recovered in a Of five posthumous awards of the Purple three were for men participating in the first American bombing raid against Germanoccupied Europe July Awards of the Purple Heart were made to several members of Flying Fortress crews who took part in an aerial flight of B17 bombers over occupied territory Among them was Sergt Will Manis for performance of ex traordinary fidelity and essential service while participating as radio V AUCTIONS Furniture auction at Fred Market r Household auctionin BUss See Americans Get Variety Of Supplies Through Reciprocal LeaseLend Aid bars and Signing of the reciprocal aid agreements among the United Great STew Zealand and Fighting France to clarify principles of mutual as brought announcement from the Office of War Informa tion today that aid given Ameri cans covers a range as wide as QF18TORQIDS Warn Against Sapping Na tions Efficiency as Arsen al of Democracy Sept 3 ff Senate Democratic leaders pro fessed little taste today for Re publican proposals to draft youths of 18 and and one warned against mobilizing an army so great as to endanger the nations efficiency as the arsenal of de Majority Leader Barkley of Kentucky told reporters he had re ceived no request from the White House or selective service head quarters for any change in the draft He would support such he only upon a re quest that it is Senator Thomas of the Military express ed little sympathy for a move to induct younger He told re porters the 18 and 19 year olds should be permitted an additional year or two for the education that can make a good lieutenant out of an average Care should be he against going to the extreme in mobilization of an army in view of our commitments to supply our own forces and our allies with am ferialsiof VOE a nation of approximately Thomas went there are approximately be tween 20 and half of that number are An armed service of will require one of every three men in that he while out of that group must come most of the skilled men who produce the weapons this arsenal of democracy must furnish the United Senator Taft declar ing the Administration was wait ing until after the November election before asking further draft said he was pre paring legislation for the induction of youths under The he would embrace the whole question of voluntary distribution of and cover selection of married men on a basis of age groups and Senator Gurney also drafted an amendment which he said he would offer today to au thorize induction of younger men so that they may be trained and prepared If they have to go into the requirements and geography of global Reciprocal aid is being provided to this OWI on the same basis as we are providing lendlease help to other countries n order to pool all the resources of the United Nations for most ef fective use against the Without payment of American fighting men re ceived balloons for the west and antiaircraft juns for the east They are using British corvettes on anti submarine duty and have OWI specifications of new lyinvented British devices for both attack and troops also are traveling in British firing British guns and consuming New Zealand and Australian meats and wearing Australianmade and utilizing materials and labor of fighting France in New Caledonia and equatorial Other master lend lease agree ments with China and other united OWI provide for reciprocal aid as the need arises and where war conditions make possible for them to fur nish us with such supplies and ser Total British Empire cash pur chases in the United States since September OWI estimated are about great deal more than total lend lease deliveries to the British Em pire so BULLETINS 3 Treasury Secretary Morgenthau asked the Senate Finance Com mittee today for legislation to levy and additional in taxes on over and above the tax bill passed by the with provision for a postwar rebate to in If the new program were enact it would boost to approximately the amount over and above existing taxes which the treasury would drain from national Total tax collections would be increased to approximately for a full years opera with to be credited to individuals for post war Belgian Con SO Delayed IP American Army technical forces arrived today at this Belgian Con go capital and started immediate ly to build a big camp namedfor President apparently in preparation for further troop ar S JP Petroleum Coordinator Ickes announced today the gov ernment requisitioned from the midwest and southwest all the remaining rail tank cars trans porting gasoline This might result in local oil shortages for tLese he said possibly requiring rationing or some other step to cut consump The new requisition Ickes told his press conference to add around to the cars that last week delivered barrels of oil daily to the nowrationed 1 Atlan tic seaboard states and the District YOUTH OFJC We Wont Let You He Promises American Fighting Men By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS President Roosevelt told young people of all the world today that German Italian Fascists and Japanese militarists have nothing the cause of the United Nations is cause of youth His words were broadcast inter nationally and were directed to young men and women hi the United Nations and in Axis nations and Axisdominated lands as well But Roosevelt remarked he fully expected the Axis to jam the airwaves to drown out his mes The Presidents immediate audi ence was the International Stu dent gathered in Wash The cause of the United Nations Roosevelt is the hope of the new generation and the generations that are to come PLANES SUBJECT FOE Shuttle Over Battle Area Smashing at Communica tions and Troops By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS probing by Marshal Erwin Rom mels African corps has encounter ed a fury of air artillery fire and harassment and four days by mobile after the British expected an Axis offensive the showdown battle for the Nile had failed to British ground troops in strong points and slit trenches along the 40mile El Alamein line had not yet come into action with the Only screening mobile forces were reported thrusting and attacking the German armored columns which had filtered eight miles in to the minefields of the Ruweisat Himeimat sector on the Whether Rommel was puzzled by the British was playing a game of his or was made hes itant by the of artillery fire and the thunderous aerial bom bardment of his armored and sup ply columns which greeted his first observers could hot Todays communique said Rom mels Axis army was subjected yes terday to a recordbreaking bomb ing by RAF and American Never before since the start of the North African a communique have so many bombing sorties been carried out in the course of a From dawn until after al lied bombers shuttled over the bat tle unloading high explosives on Rommels communications and troop concentrations in an effort to break up his preparations for an allout assault on the El Alamein defense Many Vehicles Destroyed Many were de Considerable activity also was reported on the part of the Axis air resulting in numerous dogfights in the communi que six German dive bombers and nine fighters were shot Assurance that the Axis forces had not achieved any important gains since they made their first offensive gesture Sunday was giv en by Lieut Montgom commander of the British eighth who declared last night at his field headquarters In no and hi no part of the eighth army have the enemy penetrated our organized for a new life that can be lived in and and He added This fact is becoming clearer every day to the young people of where the Nazis are try ing to create youth organizations built on the Nazi It is a pattern devised by Hitler and im posed upon youth by a form of mental forcible diet of false and prohi backed up by the guns of the Any who wonder what the de cent youth of Europe think of he have but to consider the brave young men in occupied countries who prefer firing squads to lifelong slavery and degrada tion under Throughout the men in Americas fighting forces were listening to their Commanderin Much of the address was directed specifically to them and he gave assurance that we here at home are supremely conscious of our obligations to now and in the and we will not let you The United Roose velt have the technical physical cour vision and will required to build and sustain the kind of world order which he can justify youths sacrifices Must Keep At It But we must keep at must never never never we must keep at it he We must maintain the offen sive against evil in all its We must work and we must fight to insure that our children shall have and shall enjoy in peace their inalienabje rights to freedom of freedom of free dom from freedom from Only on those bold terms can this total war result in total vic We Roosevelt in the thought that the free men and women of the United Na tions and not the woundup ro bots of the slave states will mold the shape of the New Roosevelt spoke from the White House and some three score delegates to International Stu dent Assembly were seated before Midway in his address he delivered what he termed a special message to our fighting men wherever they may Turn Page General Montgomerys report on the made it clear that thus far the which the fate of Egypt may still in its opening phase and that the main bodies of the opposing armies had not yet come to From the disposition of Rom mels armored concent rated mainly between the tip of the Qattara Depression and El Ruweisat ridge a dozen miles it appeared he might attempt to turn the British left Turn to Page 2 War At A Glance troops checked at approaches of Stalingrad to north west and Russian dispatches while Germans claim siege guns are within range of the Volga Hungarian and Rumanian divisions enroute to re inforce Reds claim more than Nazis killed in last 24 Bitter fighting rages in Cau casus for Russian naval base of EGYPT counterattack on southern sector of El Alamein front to check Marshal Rommels fourday British claim many vehicles destroyed Amer ican and RAF planes combine in daylong raid against Axis concen Planes set large fires in bombing assault on Ger man rail center of Karlsruhe while British also pound Germanoccu pied French invasion coast from air in two night Berlin says German raiders also attacked English midlands industrial cent Great New Zea landand fighting France sign new series of reciprocal aid FAB Japanese offensive indicated by continued withdrawal of invasion forces in Chinaand surprising slump in aer strength in southwest Allied planes unchallenged by enemy filers in attacks on two New Guinea Chinese report re capture of important high way and river center northwest of 25 miles
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