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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - August 24, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Continued Cool Weather on Face Two 1942 PRICE 3 ARE ONLY 40 MILES Ferried Across the Don Are Greatest Threat to Key City REDS FIGHT DESPERATELY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Rus sians battled desperately today in the flat corridor between the Don and the Volga to halt Ger man forces which finally had con solidated a river crossing and struck out lor probably only 40 miles Another thrust at the great in dustrial city moved slowly ahead at terrific cost on the Kotelnikovski sector southwest of Stalingrad along a railway leading from the Black The midday communiquS report ed a violent struggle southeast of Kletskaya where the Germans had reached the east bank of the Tanks which ferried the placid riv er constituted the greatest threat to The exact location of the tank crossing established only after Russian artillery and planes had destroyed four previous pontoon not but the Germans have been attacking most heavily in the Don only 40 miles from Stalingrad and the Russian forces remained on the west side of the despite the enemy breach and near Kletskaya itself were counterattacking to relieve The lines on the outer defenses of Stalingrad ap peared to be highly mobile with both armies maneuvering swiftly for A soviet tank detachment was sent against the flank of the Ger man force northeast of Kotelni kovski and seven of the German machines were destroyed and 200 Germans the midday com Supreme Test Near The struggle for Stalingrad ap peared to be nearing the supreme Russian reports as a new crossing of the Don was forced southeast of Kletskaya by the The Russians were fighting stubbornly to push these Germans into the river and destroy the In another sector of the Klet skaya Russian troops broke into an enemy position during the night with bayonets and hand killed 100 Germans and destroyed a radio sta tion and other the communique In the Caucasian foothills too the picture darkened the Russians reporting that the Red army had withdrawn to a new position southeast of only 140 miles from the Grozny oil South of Krasnodar hi the north west where the Germans are attempting to bludgeon their way to the Black Sea coast and the Russian ports of Anapa and the Russians were reported holding and deal ing out heavy The Berlin radio said Berlin military quarters reported that fighting in that area was made particularly difficult by tropical heat and torrential but said the Russian defense was in vain and German troops were advanc These same German spokesmen quoted as saying that a fight for a major decision was in prog ress between the Caucasus and the Volga Bend at The Germans apparently were pouring new reserves and every piece of equipment available into the fight for Stalingrad in an ef fort to capture one of their major 1942 objectives before the weather turns against Enemy Pressure Increases The enemy is increasing his pressure in the center of the Don but Soviet troops are firm ly holding positions captured a few days the army Red adding that the Germans had lost more than men in the one attempt to cross the In one sector of the Kletskaya the midnight communique reported that not less than half the effectives of the Italian Celere division had been destroyed by Russian tanks and Farther up the don near Klet the Russians were reported improving their positions after forcing the Germans from several populated Russell commander of the United States army forces in the middle said in Cairo yesterday after his return from that the Rus sians were making good use of American war materials and that he received a most favorable im pression of the Russians enthus iastic GENERAL HONORED 24 Iff Raymond chief of the Army Veterinary today was presented the Tweltfth International Veterinary Congress award for distinguished service to veterinary The award was made at the opening session of the American Veterinary Medical Associations 79th annual An accom panying citation stated General Kelser had been honored because of his work in developing the corps and for his research in the fight against livestock GREAT LAKES AIRCRAFT CARRIER COMMISSIONED AlLEAST 25 DIE IN 4 SCATTERED The transformed from an ex cursion steamer into the only aircraft carrier on inland waters and the only sidewheel flat top in the is placed in full commission on Lake Michi gan Chicago as Navy pilots in Gruman Wildcat fighters roar flight The carrier will be used in operational training of pilots at the nearby naval air Commission May Purchase An Additional Gallons i of Resurfacing Material The Lenawee county road com mission received the goahead sig nal for its entire 1942 program of road resurfacing and repairing Saturday when the Public Roads Administration of the Federal Works Agency approved its appli cation for bituminous road repair ing The road commission will be per mitted to purchase an additional gallons of resurfacing ma terials and gallons of patch ing materials from the now care fully conserved war stocks of the The commission had already received a total of gallons of bituminous materials from the Public Roads The approval of our application means that we will receive 100 per cent of the materials we asked George chairman of the said The materials that were granted to us previously amounted to 35 per cent of total request This was sufficient for get Despite the war our repair and resurfacing program is well ahead of schedule this We started earlier and worked fast anticipating the which would be One hun dred miles of repairs were com pleted before the rule went into effect July The remainder of the bituminous materials will be used mainly on roads carrying war materialy which are used by war production work Taylor BUENOS 24 Informed sources said today that President Ramon Castillo had signed a decree granting Brazil nonbelligerent status in her war with Germany and The decree is expected to be pub lished later in the 24 The Senate Finance Committee voted tenatively today to cut to the 400 exemption for de pendents voted by the House in individual income Chairman George said the taken on a 126 would add an estimated 000 to the increase in federal revenue provided by the bill as it passed the 24 forces have captured lanchwan Fuchow in Central second most Japanese base in the the Chinese high command announced tonight HAIFM PLATES Beginning 1 Cars Must Have Full Year Tags Michigan motorists have one week remaining in which to drive cars bearing halfyear license Expiration date for these plates is August and the full 1942 plates will be re quired for the first time September In the new plates may be purchased at Budds Electric 131 East Maumee Street which is a branch office of Harry secretary of The store will be open from mi to 5 oclock every in cluding Thursday and Saturday af ternoons this According to Budd pro prietor of the it is not neces sary to bring in the old plates in order to obtain the metal strip bearing the date which will be af fixed to the The applicant must bring the car title and the last car registration Except in the case of an auto mobile it is not necessary for the car owner to apply for his own license plates but may have someone else obtain them for When the automobile is being both the in dividual selling the car and the purchaser must come in together to get the proper papers This is not required if the papers have been notarized Additional clerks have been hired this week to facilitate issuing of the PATRIOTIC LEAGUE TO MEET TUESDAY The final organization meeting of the Lenawee County Patriotic League will be held at oclock tomorrow night at city temporary chairman of the organization said Delegates from all sections of the county are expected to be on hand to help organize the group for A board of directors con sisting of 18 members is to be elect ed and the in probab ly will elect its own Notices of the meeting were sent out to the delegates last BULLETINS 1RJN THE AXIS Takes Against Token Attacks By By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS RIO DE The government moved to put Bra zil on a full war footing tightening its control over Ger man and Italian nationals and tak ing special precautions against a possible token attack by Axis sub marines known to be lurking off this countrys long Noisy demonstrations which ac companied Brazils entry into the war Saturday died down yesterday and the nation was outwardly but the Navy and Air Force stapped up their offshore in the region of the natal which is only miles from At least four enemy submarines were reported sighted off thecoast and there wide spread speculation that they might attempt to shell some point in emu lation of the Japanese submarine which ineffectually bombarded the Santa Barbara area on the United States west coast several months In Sergipe south of the government demonstrated its awareness of this possibility by or dering a total blackout of the city of decreeing a 10 curfew and ordering state police reserves to duty to improve the coast Partial blackouts were enforced In Rio De the bright beams of searchlights swept over the beautiful harbor during the night to expose possible Prepare For Long War A desire for closest cooperation with the United States in military and economic matters was evident in official which obvious ly were preparing hard Informed aid WarMin ister Eurico Gapar Navy Minister Admiral Aristides Guil hem and Air Minister Joaquim Sal already were planning new to build up their re spective It was expected that some light would be cast on these plans after the first meeting of the war cabi which will meet weekly for the duration under President Getulio Dutra has been strengthening the army numerically since April when President Vargas unthor ized him to increase the The biggest step was taken June 17 when three of the most recent classes of who served last year as were called up for active The Air force has been strength ened considerably by the recent ad dition of many modern planes built in the United Federal pressed a roundup of persons sus pected of having associations with Axis agents and intensified a search for secret radio transmitters which might be used for communicating with enemy It was an nounced that one transmitter had been found in the German embassy 11 Aboard Navy Patrol Plane Which Dives to Earth Near To Make Statement On Posi tion In New International Situation BUENOS 24 W South American diplomats awaited with undisguised interest today a statement by the Argentine gov ernment clarifying its position in the new international situation cre ated by Brazils entry into the war against Germany and While the foreign which announced last night that such a statement would be gave no indication of its there was general belief the gov ernment would grant Brazil non belligerent thus enabling her ships to use Argentine ports as in peace The position of of two Hemisphere nations still maintaining relations with the Axis thrown into bold relief by an expression of solidarity with Brazil which came from their joint In a message to President Var gas of President Baldomir of Uruguay declared his nation was ready to carry the agreement wfilclfTie said makes the continent a single nation against aggressions of a nonAmeri can Some observers took this state ment as an indication that Uruguay might follow Brazil into the An official announcement issued in Montevideo last night by Foreign Minister Alberto Guani after a ser ies of conferences with the Bra zilian and United State ambassa dors said the Uruguayan govern ment had decided on the terms of a decree fixing its but de tails were not immediately dis It was expected that the decree certainly would grant Brazil non belligerent In direct support of her northern Uruguay be gan of Germans and ItaliansjWho had fled across the borderSfrbm Semiofficial advices from Mon tevideo also reported that planes of Uruguays small air force were co operating in the search for two German submarines said to have been sighted off the coast of south ern The possibility that other South American nations might be drawn actively into the war was not ex cluded by second American na tion still maintaining relations with the Axis maintained official si lence with regard to the although the government protested vigorously to Berlin last week over the sinking of Brazilian Sections the Chilean press urged a break in relations with the Panama newspapers were virtu ally unanimous in praising Brazils The Panama Star Herald said that what has happened to Brazil can very well happen to any other American republic and declared it was time that all realized they could not be friendly with both the democracies and totalitarian gov TWO BOMBERS ARE LOST By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS At least 25 and possibly 26 of ficers and men were killed and three others were injured yester day in four scattered airplane ac cidents reported by army and navy Navy said 11 men were known to have been aboard a navy patrol plane that crashed last night in a field near and the there may have been a 12th The second biggest disaster was the crash of an army Flying Fort ress bomber in the Southern New Mexico mountains 20 miles north west of Las Cruces in which seven were killed and two others injured in parachute Six airmen were killed and another was critically injured when an army medium bomber crashed on a wooded hilltop seven miles south west of exploded and burst into In the fourth second Melvin of was killed when his army pursuit plane struck a tree on a takeoff from a base near Names of the dead in the navy plane crash were not immediately announced but the army made pub lic the following casualty list for the accident in New Mexico Dead Lieut James Indian James Van California Eugene La Leon Frank John White William New and Cato Tex as Injured Staff Walter Mel and Quentin In the crash of the medium bomber in the Army named the following dead 2nd William Iowa 2nd Bernarc Private First Class Walter El Private Edgar Strat Baton Private Charles and Clarks Canadians Speak With Awe Of Main Beach At Dieppe Tex VICTIMS OF HOAX 24 of North Denver families went without water victims of a cruel hoaxerwho warned them over the telephone that their water supply had been all told the water board the same story A man who identified himself as a board official telephoned and asked if water from the faucets was turning When the house holder replied in the the mysterious caller warned him to shut and keep it It is apparent some person with a warped sense of humor or a de sire to create panic is responsible forr the said George executive secretary of the Laboratory technicians found no trace of SAY DON CROSSED From German Broad 24 ff German troops have forced a crossing of the Don River northwest of Stal the high commands bulle tin By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Axis surface and undersea raid ers in an apparent shift of opera tions to southern waters were dis closed last week to have sunk 13 more merchantmen to swell to 439 the announced wartime toll of Al lied and neutral victims in the Western Atlantic area as tabulated by the Associated Six Brazilian four Brit one one Panamani an and one Swedish were announc ed since August 16as having bren destroyed in the Caribbean and off South America with a death toll oi more than 640 seamen anc At least 550 persons were No sinkings were reported ofl the east where 17 ships have gone down since Pear and none off Canada or in the Gulf of leaving the wartime sinkings in those sections at 41 and Of the newly announced sinkings nine occurred off South America for a war total there of 41 and four were in the making that figure HOUR DARK FOR SAYS BIDDLE 24 General Francis Biddle toda called upon the peoples of Canada and the United States to brush away the distrust and that he said were delaying the ultimate victory o the This hour is very make no warned in a pre pared address at the annual meet ing of the American Bar Associa tion He said he was delivering his remarks particularly to Canad ian The legions of the enemy march still as on the in Bid die Time and still they We have made our ex said we were unprepared said that democracies move slow Do democracies move slowly to their death the attorney genera He admonished the barristers ti find words to sting our hearts with and admitted that the Canadians were in less need o such inspiration to fight than thi people of this Sou Canadians much longer have known the sacrifice and endu ranee that we are but beginning to Biddle Walter presiden of the bar told lie gatgs that while we must never relinquish our settled belief and determination that the war can and must be we must also as events daily demonstrate that the war can be lost Largest Convoy Britain Safely i By ROSS 5IUNRO Canadian Press War Correspondent SOMEWHERE IN 24 speak with awe in Canadian army camps of the main beach at Dieppe where hree Canadian infantry tank engineers and infantry men fought the longest sustained action of the raid on the old Trench The battle of the beach was the main Canadian di rected at the town From stories told by the men who came back this general picture has been pieced The Essex Scottish landed at about on the eastern half of the milelong gravel and shale 75 yards The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry went in at the same time on the western half with the Calgary tank infantry and sap Les Fusiliers Mont Royal landed later as Halfway up the stretched across the Canadians was aarbed The attackers faced a thick German fire pouring from a row of buildings looking to beach across the broad promenade edge which was supported by a long The defenders had field guns and the row of buildings they oc cupied bristled with machineguns and trench The RAF and the navy plastered Dieppe for half an hour before the Canadians swept in from small tanklanding Meet Blistering Fire The first wave of Canadians met blistering machinegun and mortar fire as they swept up the cut through barbed wire and advanced to take cover behind the sea 10 feet high at the eastern end and lowering gradually to two feet at the western extrem In 10 minutes the long wall was lined with troops of the Essex Scottish and the Royal Hamilton Light Some tanks had been landed by then but were hav ing preliminary difficulty in get ting a solid hold for their treads on the Heavy shelling and a torrent of smallarms fire prevented some of the troops from debarking from thevtanklandihg eppering away from rooftops and A number of Essex Scottish also are believed to have broken into Dieppe and fought around the edge of the Members of Les fusiliers Mont Royal who came jack a number of these tough TrenchCanadians smashed right through Dieppe to Basin Du Cana which is well back in Their route took them clear through Describe Street Battles Privates Archie John Shu art and Roy Wilkinson and Lance Corporal Pentice all of and Private Bill Bur man of all said street battles raged for hours amid ruined and blazing German dead lay all over some of the said Thebattle of the sea wall was described graphically by Eugene Cousineau of Windsor There were explosions around he boats as we were going he We touched down and I was the fourth man out of the We got to the barbed wire on the beach and cut our way Heavy fire was raking the landing We made the sea wall and had practically all our section with The gang I was with stayed Shere fighting from the sea wall from six to We couldnt move from there but we gave the Germans plenty to worry about even There was a astle on the cliff on the west headland and its machineguns walloped us a Ger man aircraft strafed the beach on the way back from a bombing raid on the fleet lying forward in and finally cap tured the Dieppe of large buildings at the western end of the Ca sino which was filled with Ger mans was one of the features of the main beach The Hamilton troops moved from the Casino into the Capt Denny former Hamilton Tiger star football led one detachment well into Dieppe proper and handtohand combat Whitaker was among the men who got One of the other Hamilton de tachments battling in the streets reached the post office near the heart of the town despite the ex posure Nazi snipers who were 24 German bombers were reported destroyed during the night out of a small number of enemy aircraft which came in over East Anglia and spread widely over the Mid lands and as far as northwest Eng The bombers caused slight dam age but there were an authoritative statement The night raid came after deep daylight incursions into hostile ter ritory by both the Royal Air Force and the Two of the RAFs Wellington bombers broke through clouds over the German naval base of Emden and the air ministry said hits were scored among buildings in the dock A German airplane approached the of Northern where many United States troops are yesterday mornin but RAF fliers intercepted it and said they damaged it before it was forced to turn A Dublin dispatch said a Ger man plane crashed yesterday morning on the south coast of neutral Eire and four crew mem bers were A half hour earlier a British plane crashed northwest of The pilot was injured 3 Persons Drown Over Week End By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three persons drowned in Michi gan waters over the week PONTIAC Thomas 14 monthold grandson of Oakland County Treasurer Charles drowned Sunday in a foot of water in Williams directly in front of his parents BIG RAPIDS Earl of drowned Sunday when he fell from his boat he was returning to shore from a fish ing The body was Charles Tup of drowned Sunday in Lake His body was House Group Taking Up In come Tax Question The way was cleared for Senate action today on a bill giving ser vice men the wartime privilege of onaecns foriSenatorsjJRepresentatives and presidential w Democratic Leader Barkley of called absent members back their desks answer a quorum call and a week end com promise eleminated objections which Senator George DGa had voiced against the George meanwhile announced that the finance of which he is would plunge immediately into the controversial income taxquestion when it meets in closed session today to begin an itembyitem study of the new revenue Under the compromise Hvorked out over the week any ber of the armed forces stationed within the continental United States who is eligible to register and meets home state qualifications for voting would be able to vote by absentee ballot mailed under su pervision of the secretaries of war and While many states have absentee ballot and all but a handful have special provisions for soldiers to vote by the bill is designed to simplify the George said the amendment re quiring that the soldier be eligible for registration were he at and that he be otherwise qualified under state would safeguard state control over voter qualifica He said he believed the bill would open the way for absentee voting for all service men except those from whose courts have ruled the voter must be pre sent in person at the polls under the Kentucky Turn to Page 7 BRAZIL 29TH TO DECLARE WAR ON AXIS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With Brazil at war against the the United Nations now num ber 29 as follows The United Brit Bel Costa Cuba Dominican Re public El Guate Lux the Netherlands New Norway Philippine Po South Africa and Yugoslavia Twelve of the 21 American re publics now are at war against the seven others have broken diplomatic relations and two retain relations with BerlinRomeTokio After Brazils war declaration Uruguay gave evidence of follow ing suit and Chile is inclining to ward breaking off diplomatic re lations with Here is the lineup of the Amer icas At United Mexico Dominican Re El Salvador Costa Honduras relations Uruguay Para Maintaining relations Argen Speculation on Second Front Stirred Anew Among British Observers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS arrival of still another American he greatest with more thous ands of fightingfit United States roops stirred British observers anew today to speculation on a iecond The size of the so large hat its laden troop ships and trans ports scattered to many British lorts to unload men and weapons now dispersed among waiting American accounted only lartly for the predictions of second Britons noted also the prepared ness of the Americans for absorbing the frontline cali er of the men sent to this war the material which panied the variety of branch es they the emphasis on air strength in both men and supplies and the psychological mo ment of their The announcement that the vast sea train had disgorged new fight ing strength on British soil came while London papers were filled vith comment analyzing Prime Minister Churchills recent mission o Moscow and calling last weeks attle of Dieppe only a portent of things to Because of 24houraday work setting up huge bases in the Americans now are able to ab sorb ground forces at a greatly iccelerated pace and the striking power of the air it was point id can be doubled and re doubled quickly now that the months of preliminary preparation are behind it Lets Get it Over With The eagerness of the New United roops for motto is Lets get it over their welldrilled appearance at the debarkation ports accented the statement of Mark commander of ground troops n the European that only crack outfits were being sent At the same mnounced the formation of a new rahIraq command under Sir HenryMaitland Wilson in the Al oil reservoir behind Russias imperilled Britons saw the creation of an ndependent command in that area under the former righthand man of Sir Archibald Wavell as one fruit of Churchills He held a long conference with Wilson during his stopover in Egypt en route to By this Britain divided the Allied Middle and Near East into hree separate giving Wilson military autonomy in a re gion poorly linked because of bad roads and long sea lines either with ndia or North the other two command Chief Air Marshal Sir Arthur William with headquarters n will retain command of ihe RAF in three how is regarded by Churchill as one of Britains finest As British commander in Egypt in he was responsible for defending the western desert in he trying months after the fall of He led the British Expe ditionary Force which stiffened the defenses of overwhelmed Greece In 1941 and directed the successful British campaign in v DIES OF WOUNDS NEW 24 Karl who until was usually the authoritative spokesman quoted in dispatches from Berlin and who then was im prisoned for tipping off the im pending attack on Soviet died Saturday from wounds re ceived on the Russian the Berlin radio announced last For four years Boemer was head of the foreign press department in Paul Joseph Goebels propa ganda Only a few weeks before the Germans on June marched into Russia he was arrested by the Gestapo and charged with dis closing the state secret of Ger manys coming The of it was was com mitted at a reception in the Bul garian legation and his friends said he had been Tried before the peoples he was convicted and sentenced to He later was released through the intervention of Hitler on the understanding that he would go to the JUDGE DEAD NEW 24 OP Judge Rufus senior jurist of the fifth circuit court of died at his home last night after an illness of several President Theodore Roo s e v e 11 nominated him district judge for the eastern district of Louisi ana in He was elevated to the circuit court in 1925 by Presi dent Calvin Foster presided over the tribunal which hears appeals from federal district courts in Texas and the Canal
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