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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - August 19, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Weaflier Details OB Fajca Two Warmer AUGUST 1942 PRICE 3 CENTS And Allied Troops Land In France In Biggest Commando Raid Of War ARESETARi Russians Report Hitler Is Draining Reserves from All Western Europe RED TROOPS FALL BACK By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 19 Saviet troops fell back again yesterday in the Don Bend and a counterof fensive southwest of Stalingrad appeared but a communique Germanys gains since May 15 had cost casualties twice those of Russia and that Hitler was draining reserves from all Western Red army men gave ground be fore reservebolstered Nazi col umns in the region of in the midCaucasus 170 miles southeast of Nazioccupied Mai but repulsed repeated attacks in the Krasnodar the sians While the Germans succeeded in somewhat pressing back Red troops in the Pyatigorsk Cossacks cut down 300 of them with sabers in a surprise the Soviet in formation bureau announced at Defenders of the Krasnodar re gion of the Western counter attacking at routed a German infantry regi ment and destroyed many trucks and seven German the bu reau While the Germans gained in a Don Bend three vain at tacks were cited in which they lost four tanks and more than 300 More than 100 German au tomatic riflemen were reported killed on the approaches to a vil Bed Patrols Active Southwest of Red army patrols were active over night and one was credited with the destruction of seven Nazi sup ply a searchlight installa tion and twoanticraft hind the German Fighting flamed again on the Bryansk front southwest of Mos The information bureau said a Soviet artillery battery re pulsed eight wiped out a river crossing and killed at least 500 Midnight reports indicated a re surgence of Nazi effort along both arms of a pincer groping toward Stalingrad and the while the Red army counterattacked in the Krasnodar sector and stood off assaults in the Pyatigorsk area of the Already wedged into Russian po sitions in one sector of the Don Bend the Germans massed large formations to strike else where southeast of Kletskaya and forced a Russian unit to the Soviet information bureau an Turn to Page 7 Panels Named to Handle Automobiles and Foods The Lenawee county war price and rationing board was reorgan ized from a three member to a nine member board at a meeting last night at the court house when six new members were added to the three former board members The new board was nominated a month ago by the county civilian defense council but the nominations were not made final until approval of the Detroit office of the Office of Price Administration was ob In addition to the three former Harry Frank Riley and the board now includes George and Jennie Keeber of Victor Keip of James Murdock of Tecumseh and Francis Cain of Bradley remains as chairman of the board and Nemire will continue to serve as executive The board has been divided up Into three panels of three members each to segregate the duties of the Autombile tubes and retreads will be regulated by a panel composed of Cain and Automo bicycles and typewriter ra tioning will be regulated by Keip and Bak Foods and sugar will be regu lated Keeber and AUCTIONS 21st north of AL See on Mar ket northwest ol Mo See on Market 21st Furniture auction at See on Market Public Victor See on Mnrkft Paga IT WAS A GOOD RIDE Capt William of talks to his crew beside his the Peggy at a bomber command station in England as crews waited for the zero hour for European bombing raids in The zero hour came and Mus selwhite was one of the leaders in the allAmerican squadrons that raided It was a said a former Mississippi State ACCEfi tD I Germans To Deport Poles 24 Novices Made 1st Profes sion and are Invested With Black Habit MANY VISITORS PRESENT At traditionally impressive monies this morning in Holy Ros ary Chapel in the Mother House of the Sisters of Dominic 16 postulants wereinvested with the white habit of the Order and 24 accepted into the order me time made their first A large number of clergymen representing various dioceses and many friends and relatives of the young candidates witnessed the His the Most Joseph Bishop of and the Very Warren Dean of Ann Arbor Dean preached the Other officers of the Mass the James of Notre Dame Deacon the John of the University of SubDeacon the John Bush of Master of Ceremonies the Richard of Terre Deacon of Honor the Gerald Owens of Deacon of Honor the of University of Cross Wear Wedding Gowns Wearing white wedding gowns and with white net veils attached to their hair by a tiara of to symbolize their marriage to the 16 postulants expressed their desire to enter the religious life of the Order of Dominic and to forsake worldly things for After the the postulants were invested with the white habit of the The novices professed their determina tion to serve Christ through the Order of Dominic and were in vested with the black habit of the Many of them soon will leave the Mother House as teach ers while others will pursue their either at Siena Heights or other colleges and Turn to Page 6 Po lish governmentinexile said today that the Germans planned to de port half a million Poles from Po lish Pomerania to make way for Nazi The plan to make that region a rampart of it was outlined in the Berliner Boer sen Zeitung The time limit for this forced transfer has not been published the Polish announcement add sees that it will tumn simultaneously with an order forbidding the use of thePolish language in the DanzigWest Prus sian Gau district in accordance with the statement by Gauleiter Albert Forster in was no indication where the Poles would be sent The Berlin newspaper was quot ed as conceding that Germans re presented only 43 per cent of the provinces The Poles said those to be de ported include Pomeranians described by the newspaper as in capable of Germanization and 000 Poles who moved to Pomer ania since War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WESTERN EUROPE Canadian and British commandos stage tankled raid at which largest scale thus far put Brit ish radio insists it is notinvasion with establishment of second front German radio says allies suffered including report addi tional withdrawals on southern but farther north Germans say Russian attacks Harold hero of named com mander of allied troops in succeeding Claud PACIFICConvictioh grows in Australia that marines are accumulating successes in Solo sea and land tobe Says We Got More from Ger mans Than They Got from Us 19 president of the Stand ard Oil Company New Jersey de clared today that half of the bombs we are dropping on Jap anese and Nazis were made pos sible by the research growing out of his companys prewar patent relations with L Farbenindust German chemical AH of you know now the enor mous advantages to the public of our contracts with Farbenin dustrie of he told the Senate patents The United States got far more from Germany than Germany ever received from Farish read a 36 page statement before the committee replying to Justice Department criticisms of his firms patent pooling arrange ments with the German trust contended that statements made before the committee by re presentatives of the justice depart ment were based on misinterpreta tion of the bolstered by selected material from his com panys The case which the attempted to build against Stand ard Oil Company is a jerrybuilt he And the founda tion of sand upon which the whole thing rests is the assumption that the executives of our company representing a typical crosssection of some veterans of the last some how in armed some with sons now in our Pacific and Atlantic expeditionary forgone single minute forgotten that the lifelong policy of every American is first and always to put almighty Amer ica above any consideration of the almighty Assumption Not True And that assumption hardly re quires my since it is not to 7 Indications to Accumu fating Success in Solo mons By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS GENERAL MacARTHURS final expulsion of Japan rested today on thej comple tion of two difficult jobs the moptup ashore where the United States marines have land ed and the consolidation of naval mastery in that south Pacific This still was a tripleJieader operation of major in volving sea and air but every indication in the absence of official fact and figure pointed to accumulating For one the Japanese radio has begun changing its story on the battle and the only to it in the latest Tokyo broadcasts was a commentators warning that the United States on slaught might lead to further at tacks on Japaneseheld territory or even on Japan A report to Auckland from New Zealand correspondent some where in the South Pacific said the United States hadwon suffic ient successes at sea to reinforce and supply the assault troops for what may be weeks or months of extremely bitter fighting in the Japanese units which were in the Solomons at the opening of operations either have been sunk or have fled to the Caroline Is said this dispatch to the New Zealand Press Turn to Page 6 AS BRITISH LEADER IN MID1HE EAST Alexander Takes Over Churchill Visited Desert on Way to Moscow NEW ACTIVITY EXPECTED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The infu sion of new brains and new blood on Britains precarious middle coupled with the close at tention Prime Minister Churchill gave it on his way to stamped that battle theatre in many British minds today as a zone of impending North Africa has immense stra tegic It might be come the United Nations second front With only a thin 80 miles separating his armies from Alex on the other Hitler scarcely could neglect that arm of his vast middle eastern pincer if his goal is to master the Trans Caucasus by weighed these sudden developments with some optimism and some anxiety Churchills stopover in Egypt en route to hi talks with Joseph during which he inspected the front at such close hand he came within earshot of the enemy and met virtually the whole whos who of the United Nations lead ership in north Africa The announcement that Gen eral Sir Harold Alexander had been called to command in the middle east in place of General Sir Claude Auchinleck The arrival in Egypt of new United States includ ing ground staffs for the American Army Air Forces whose medium and heavy bombers already are in action and wjiose air fighters have BIG ARE USED TO SMASH AT GERMAN DEFENSES Surprise Advocate Although in Alexander the Brit ish have picked an advocate of at tack and surprise to match wits with the Axis wily Field Marshal Erwin some of the mis givings arose over the fact that Britain once had switched middle east The process of selection by trial and error already has proved far too commented the Daily One unswered question was whether Auchinleck had or was being given another No hew assignment was announced for him and the war office offered no Some unofficial Brit ish said it was unlikely that a General of Auchin lecks standing and experience would be sent into Silence concerning the replaced middle east commander might mean that the British were keep ing the enemy Auchin leck commanded the forces which took Narvik from the Germans In 1940 but when the Nazis invaded France soon after his arrival in Norway he was ordered back to defend He later succeeded General Sir Archibald Wavell in north Africa and the latest Nazi stalled now at El was stopped after he had taken personal direction of the eighth army in the Turn to MIDDLE Page 7 Commandos Take Name From Rogers Rangers By KICE YAIINEtt AT THE UNITED STATES RANGERS SOME WHERE IN 19 United States Un cle Sams new brand of fighting men who joined Brit ish and fighting French comman dos today in the first at tack on Hitlers had been training secretly for weeks under the tutelage of their seasoned British Their mentors are men who toss hand grenades across the dinner table and casually jump 20foot cliffs and their American pupils have been taught to kill with the cunning of the Indian and the ruthlessness of a I was the first American news paperman to visit one of their samps when they were putting the finishing touches on training for such ventures as todays raid on The yhave climbed mountains through forests never before penetrated by They have been on speed march es of 36 miles in half a day time and y They have practiced beach land ings while rifle and machine gun fire bored holes through the pad dles of the men manning the They have taken both their tac tics and their name from Rogers one of Americas most romantic fighting outfits un Robert stalked north therPrencfi and In dian v Like the new American Rangers have been taught tokiK expertly and silently with their knives and bare hands as well as with guns and They are as much at home on sea as on Just to show them whata train ed ranger is expected to their British instructors stalked a deer in the forest and when the stag was surrounded abig scot leaped upon him and killed him with a A sentrys throat can be slit in the silent On my visit I rowed with them in a collapsible canvas boat to a landing on a beach where tracer bullets from a British bren gun were spewing so close to the gun wales you almost were able to reach out and touch Land mines cand grenades splat tered us with mud and Rifle tracer bullets singed by so close that one punctured a mess kit slung from a rangers An other nicked the guard off a bayonet atop one soldiers Turn to Page 6 B3C Stresses Limited and Temporary Char acter of Action to Cool Eagerness to Call Thrust 2nd Front ALLIED PLANES FILL SKIES 19 units of the Allied com mandos who smashed at the French coast returned to a British base in gay spirits this Revision Of Business Levies In New Tax Bill Is Urged warning that industry could not survive lean postwar years with out drastic revision of business lev ies in the proposed new tax bill came today from Senator Davis He said the Senate finance com of which he Is amember must changeithe House approach let the nation defeat on this vital to as armsand formal statement ap peared as Chairman Clark DMo called a back into executive session to con tinue Its study the income tax withholding program in the House v Beardsley of Ri Macy and chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank1of New was group more go income tax proposal which would put tax cur rent basis by making next years payments applyj on of 1942 would be Davis said Pennsylvanias coal and oil to full war the ef fects of the Hbuse bill oh future lean The graduatedscale 6 and Siper cent of Invested capital as acredlt excessprofits net income is entirely too low to allow heavy industry to survive after the Daviss statement The 1941 rates of 8 and 7 per cent should be The House he would allow heavy industry to earn only 3 or 3 per cent This per cent earning results from computingexcess profits net income before deducting the norm al and surtax and limiting the excess profits credit to 5 per cent on invested capital over 000 and then by further levying the normal and surtax at 45 per he With maximum earnings limited thus average earnings would fall below 1 per cent he and no industry can sur vive such an average rate of earn assailed provisions denying losses and1 Including buildings and improvements in contending it was arbitrary restriction of valid to deny the deduction capital losses while taxing capital said it particularly onerous buildings and improvements to lands were in cluded with capital He said anarbitrary split of buildings from fixtures would cause endless letiga Say By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS United States troops landed on the French coast before dawn today with Canadian and Fighting French allies and are now engaged in heaw combat with the Germans around Dieppe in the wars great est commando in which tanks and heavy weapons are being used to smash and prod at the Germans vaunted antiinvasion Overhead the United States Armv air both bombers and and the RAF and the Royal Canadian Air maintained a stout umbrella of protection for the men on the ground against bitter German air Hour after hour the battle with the rumble of heaw gunfire and the constant roar of planes as audible estimony to the scope of the conf lict on which Allied head quarters issued terse periodic Canadians made up the majority of the strong forces that drove across the channel to 50odd miles from Beachy the nearest point in and 100 miles from United States Army and Allied combined operations headquarters disclosed that the British special service troops and the Fighting French all were in The specially chosen Erom a ihost of volunteers as the first American fighting men to set foot on the continent of an embat tled Europe since proudly wore the title after the famous Rogers Rangers whose bold exploits made history in the French md Indian War of American co lonial days 180 years Destroy German Battery The first announced fruits of the raid were destruction of a sixgun Serman battery and an BULLETINS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS First confirmation o reports that a German surface raider was loose to south At lantic came today when the navy released the stories oJ survivors of a mediumsized merchant At the same it was announced at Bio De Janeiro that a United States bomber sank an Axis submarine in Brazilian waters where five ships of the biggest South American country were torpedoed Survivors of the American ship said at on Atlantic port that the German obscured by the appeared to be a five hatch cargo 19 President Roosevelt ordered Secre tary of War Stimson today to take possession and operate the plant the Woods Machine Com pany at South where managementlabor dispute has impeded war 19 States Flying Fortresses raided a German fighter plane base at Abbeville today during the landing raid operations at United States Army headquarters an A communiquS said bomb bursts were seen on the target and all the big fourmotored planes returned Two squadrons of the giant bombers took port in the They were supported by RAF and BCAF A United States submarine sunk a cruiser or de stroyer in the Western Navy announced bring 23 the total of enemy ships nounced at or s Brazil Is At Gates Of War By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS RIO DE Brazil stood at the gates of war in the words of one of her forcescourelfcoastal waters for Axis submarines which sank five Brazilian ships in three days and her people enthusiastical ly applauded an attack by a United States plane on a Uboat The government news agency said that Jack Lacey was in charge of the plane which bombed a German submarine 50 miles from the Brazilian coast The result of the attack was not a naval spokesman said that an Axis surface raider prowling the south Atlantic had been sighted near the Brazilian Is land of miles off the coast several days Throughout the in fer vent Brazilians called upon the government to avenge the affront to Brazils hon or and the apparent loss of several hundred including those of women and in the recent wave of ship Lieut Joao Pinto speaking for War Minister Eurico Caspar told i crowd here that the country was at the gates pf war and the army was ready to obey the order of the chiefs who direct this Turn to Page 6 ARE REPORTED LOST Sunk During Convoy Opera tions in Mediterranean 19 anti aircraft cruiser and the were sunk during the recent convoy opera tions in the the ad miralty announced Previously the admiralty had an nounced the sinking of the aircraft Eagle and the The four ships were the total warship losses for the British in the extensive convoy operations to supply and reinforce the armiralty The communique said the ad miralty would not divulge the number of ships in the convoy or the number of ships which arrived at Malta because the extent of reinforcement which has been re ceived by the fortress of Malta is obviously information of consider able importance to the completed in was an old cruiser which had been rearmed in 1939 for anti aircraft She carried a nor mal crew of The completed in was destroyer cap able of better than 36 The admiralty said it was natural that in1 such a hazardous operation some losses were suffer ed hi the The fact that the loss of life and damage was not greater was due to the gallantry of the RAF crews and of the communique tion dump by troops who landed on the right accomplished their mission and were reembarked by the British which ferried all the forces across to the left flank the Canadians first were repulsed by strong Ger man but bounded back to carry the beach by assault while their comrades were pushing tanks ashore iri the center for the main which a noonannouncement said still was The landings were accomplished at every point selected in advance in a secret op eration that American officers of all services helped to Eagerness to call this a second a real was cooled by repeated BBC broadcasts stress the limited and temporary character of the action and declar ing it had nothing to do with tary decisions which have been tak en in Moscow Turn to Page 7 SET FOR A formal investigation of the train wreck Monday morning at the Raisin Center crossing in which two trainmen were killed will be held tomorrow morning at the Wabash Railroad Companys division offices in according to information reaching railroad offices The investigation will attempt to determine the cause of the crash in which and Herbert both of lost their lives when their Wabash passenger train plowed into the center of a New York Central freight Testimony will be taken from members of the freight train crew which includes John Clark of Krueger of August Willnow of and two Ferguson of Jackson and Heath of Hills The remaining members of the Wabash passenger train crew also will They are Mad den of and Irwin of The findings of the investigation will be turned over to the Inter state Commerce
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