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   Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - July 24, 1942, Adrian, Michigan                                ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Continued Cool Weather Details on Pace MICHIGAN JULY 1942 PRICE 3 PEOPLE ARE 10 DEFEAT Hull SounrlsCall to Fight Against Enslavers in Radio Address GIVES POSTWAR AIMS July The United States is calling on all peoples who hope to keep their freedom or help defeat regaiA lost win new freedom to the Axis Secretary of State Hull sounded the call last night in an address shortwaved to all defeated nations and those still listed as rigidly He stressed that the conflict now raging is not a war of nation against nation a world wide fight by those love freedom against wouldbe conquerors who seek to enslave all Characterizing professions of neutrality in such a conflict as ab surd and he pictured the world wide war as a test of the caliber of nations and There is no surer he for men and for nations to show themselves unworthy of liberty by supine submission and re fusal to to render more dif ficult the task of those who are fighting for the preservation of human it be to align themselves freely and volun the destroyers of lib a sentence apparently tarily with in aimed at the militarily helpless in habitants of Axis conquered lands he added The Way to Liberty There is no surer way for men and nations to show themselves worthy of liberty than to fight for its in any way that is open to against those who would destroy it alL In further emphasis of the theme that those who would be free must show themselves willing to fight against the despoilers of Hull asserted that in this vast con flict the wholehearted support of is dedicated to those Americans who are Fighting for the preservation of their Fighting to regain the free dom of which they have been bru tally or Fighting for the opportunity to achieve Turn to Page 11 Carl Clark of Fairfield Dies in Bixby Hospital A Fairfield man was killed and five persons were injured in a col lision between a large truck and an automobile which occurred at midnight last night on US223 at Cranes one mile southeast of Carl 45 year old driver of the died at oclock this morning in Bixby hospital af ter suffering severe head injuries when his car collided with a truck driven by Oscar Fry of Melrose Those injured included Lulu wife of the dead who suffered a broken collar bone and a lacerated left arm Helen Si of West Toledo who suf fered deep lacerations of the head and a possible broken left arm Thomas Sidel of West who suffered multiple bruises Thomas Sidel minor and Anna of a sister of Sidels who suf fered cuts about the head and in juries to her left Sidel and his son were released from the hos pital but the others are remaining for examination and treatment Sheriffs officers who investigat ed the accident said that the colj lision occurred as the g south on Treat was driven onto US223 in front of the truck which was going west The truck driver told the officers that three cars drove onto the highway in front of his truck from Treat The first two cars got through the intersection in time but the driven by entered the inter British Stab At Axis In Egypt July armored forces continued to stab at the Axis forces west of El Ala mein while consolidating positions won on the northern and central sectors in two days of sharp fight Sir Claude Auchinlecks headquarters announced At the same time the enemy was subjected to a steady bombard ment by artillery and by the which blasted at Axis gun emplace concentrations of motor vehicles and communication Most of the action again center ed on the central where the British have driven the enemy from the western end of El Ruwei sat and in the coastal where Australian forces were re ported in control of the Hill of Jesus and neighboring In the southern sector fringed by the salt marshes of the Qattara depression there was no fighting worthy of There was some enemy air act ivity over the in which Nazi dive bombers took a RAF were quick to engage the enemy and were credited officially with shoot ing down four dive one Messerschmitt fighter and a Recon naissance The British acknowledged the loss of five The Italian high command an nounced today the occupation of Siwa 30 miles inside Egypt and 60 miles southeast of Giara Libyan Oasis village reported recaptured earlier from the The Axis forces presumably moved into Siwa after the occupa tion of 160 miles south of which the high com mand said yesterday was taken on July NEW July A WPA wrecking crew wielded crow bars today on the narrow passage way connecting the old Tombs Bas tille and the Criminal Courts build Wgh above a busy downtown The Bridge of rich in the legends of was being razed for scrap It will yield ten In its 39year a half million men and accused of all things from overstimulation to crossed to the trial rooms It was Bridge of for it was supposed to pro voke a sigh of repentance in fel No one really for the 75foot bridge was Just a year ago thre young men who stole some cigarettes sloughed across the bridgeway when their footsteps died closed out its the bridge for buildings were going But be fore that many a man walked it headed for the electric PUBLICATION INDICTED ISNT SMITH SAYS July 24 chairman of the Com mittee of and editor and published of The Cross and the a monthly said today that if such a publication was named in an indictment charging seditious it is not An indictment against 28 per sons charged with conspiracy to ob struct the war returned at Washington named The Cross and The Flag as one of the publications it said were used in the who is a candidate for the Republican nomination for United States senator from said My publication has not carried any seditious I would know it if it as with opera MissionBuna used land for tar Troops Leap Into Sea Allied Bombers Attack Landing Barges DIVE BOMBERS IN ACTION GENERAL MacARTHURS Australia July 24 the Japanese coulc settle down in their newlyseizec base on the southeast coast o New Guinea Allied airmen went to work on them yesterday knocking out the third transpor in three destroying shore in stallations and forcing frenzied invasion troops to leap wildly ov erboard from landing But despite the heavy cost the enemy went ahead tions in the Gona where a toehold was gained and a military spokes man indicated another small sea borne Japanese force had been put ashore at 30 miles up the Papua Peninsula coast from Allied the first time against gets in New and medium bombers made five separate raids on the Gona MissionBuna area and a headquarters communique said they started numerous fires Transport on Fire A fuelladen trans port was caught squarely amid ship and set Previously two other transports were hit and one of them sunk as the cruis er and destroyer protected Jap anese convoy moved down the coast from Japaneseheld Sala Allied fighters joined yester days skimming just above the whitecaps to spray deadly ma chinegun bursts into troop jammed landing barges and the pilots related that panicstricken soldiers hurled themselves into the water to escape their the fighters shot up ma chine gun nests and silenced an antiaircraft battery in repeated wave Other fighters pounced on a small enemy ship north of itself 150 miles northwest of Dive Bombers Help Port Allied base held by the American and Australian is 110 miles across the pen withthe sionBuna area within closer prox imity than Salamaua and Al lied fighters and divebombers will be able to augment the work on long range which have borne the brunt of the attacks on the more distant Japanese headquarters said to day that Japanese naval airmen had shot down 325 enemy planes and destroyed 109 more on the ground in operations over New the Solomon Islands and adjacent areas north of Australia between February 2 and July 20 Japanese losses were put at 54 Turn to Page 9 WAR PRODUCTION 4 TIMES GREATER THAN 41 July The joint War Production mittee of the United in its first States Com and an nounced today that this countrys annual rate of munitions output had increased nearly four times over Canadian production was up nearly three and both an ticipated still sharper The figures were for the second quarter of the committee and the increases in future sched ules will be particularly marked in the United States were allout production began later than in the section directly in front of the The loaded heavily with tipped over on its side after the collision but neither the truck nor its contents were damaged ser The car was Clarks death is the ninth traffic fatality of the year so far in Lenawee Last year at this 22 persons had been kill ed in traffic The body was taken to a Toledo funeral Funeral arrange ments have not been MUTUAL AH PACT July 24 IP Yugoslavia and the United States concluded today a mutual aid agreement pledging their mater ial and spiritual resources to a common victory of the United Na NOT July 24 you call the city hall any time be tween now and August the first thing you will hear is save your In order to encourage the group riding Mayor Edward Kelly has urged all his department heads to instruct their employees to answer their telephones that The Lowdown on Meat Shortage Cattle Arent As Fat As Formerly July 24 heavy weights beaause behind the shortage in beef Cities throughout the country have reported shortages of both beef and pork this The shortage in pork isnt surprising to trade who predicted it but there havent been any fore casts of a beef The pork shortage can be attri buted to the large amounts of that product going to the armed forces and the agricultural marketing The AMA is buy ing about 40 per cent of all pork produced in federally inspected and the increase in produc tion just isnt that great But the AMA is buying very little beet What is trade observ ers said is that the cattle coming to market arent as heavy as in the past and dont carry as much meat Choice and prime cattle entering Chicago last week averaged good medium 973 pounds and common 928 And the marketing of the smaller weight compared with heavier was entirely out of proportion with records for past What is true of is true of all other markets There are fewer heavy weight and more light weight cattle than And this means that the amount of beef obtainable is less than What has caused this change Livestock observers said that farmers arent feeding cattle to Ceilings on it isnt dressed beef operate in such a they that meat processors will buy the lower grade cattle at a good price but cant afford to pay a high premium for the better Yesterday in Secre tary Wickard announced the agri culture department was inaugurat ing a policy designed to alleviate the shortage of meats in some arising from curtailed opera tions of small packing plants faced with The program is a combination of price adjustment and Many small packers have reduced their operations because the mar gin between uncontrolled hog and cattle prices and OPA price ceil ings on meat products had narrow ed to a point where slaughtering involved Wiekard said that beginning next week the department would lower its purchase prices for meats for the lendlease program by an aver age of about per hundred pounds in the Mid West and about 75 cents per hundred pounds in the East The secretary explained this price adjustment was designed to bring about a reduction in hog hence a wider margin between the livestock and meat He said the smaller reduction in the buying price in the East was designed to put Eastern packers on a more favorable competitive basis with the MidWestern j SURRENDERS ON SEDITION CHARGE Elizabeth Dilling Chicago was accompanied by Deputy Marshal Joe Thinnes when she surrendered hi Chicago and pleaded innocent to a federal indictment returned in Washing charging her with conspiracy to break down the morale of the United States armed She posted bond and was released for a hearing set for July Dilling was named in the indictment which also cited 27 other Labor Board Is Notified in Telegram From Jackson July 24 tele gram was sent to Chairman Wil liam Davis of the war labor Thursday night by the loca council informing him that a labor holiday will be de clared effective here at midnight July if a settlement of a strike of 115 city operating employes is not Walter representing the American Federation of State county and municipal said Friday that efforts on the part of the union and labor mediators to meet with the city commission have Harry United States labor concil and Robert state labor who arrived Thurs day remained here Fri day hopeful that a conference can be Election Date Set July 24 ployes of the tank plant the Fisher of General Motors near where a strike over smoking regulations ended early this will select their bargaining agency in an election July the regional office of the National Labor Relations Boarc here said The ballots will offer the work ers their choice of the United Auto mobile Workers the UAW AFL local or The NLRB said the field agent in charge of the voting would be aorge College Students See Both Sides Of Law Enforcement Foxs class in crimin ology at Adrian College saw both sides of the law Wednesday during a tour of penal and corrective in The riding in cars driv en by Fox and the Donn Stubbs of had just visit ed the Southern Michigan Prison at Jackson and were on their way to the Starr Commonwealth at Albion when both drivers were ar rested for failing to make a stop at an The arrest was made by Michi gan State Police who were patroll After receiving the the drivers were allow ed to They agreed to any penalties by STEADY STREAM NOW NECESSARY ON FIRE BOMBS July 24 IP deciding that the fire caused by an incendiary bomb is more dan gerous than spattering of hot the Office of Civilian De ense advises extinguishing the flames with a steady stream of water rather than a Acknowledging that the pub ic has been thoroughly educated to the spray OCD Di ector James Landis said yester day that experiments here and in England have made it absolute y necessary to change our way of thinking in this THE WAY IT BEGINS July 24 reported from Stockholm today a Swedish government announce ment that bombs dropped by three aircraft on Oeland Island last night were and that a diplomatic protest had been sent o the Soviet Oeland s off the east coast of First reports of the bombing no damage was Germans Give England Heav iest Attack in Weeks July 24 strong force of Royal Air Force bombers has attacked objectives in western Germanys industrial Ruhr anc the air ministry an nounced Nazioccupied airdromes in the Low Countries also were bombec and railways and other targets in invaded territory were attacked in the night by the ministry It reported that seven Brit ish bombers were but two enemy aircraft were destroyed during the continental raids anc seven German bombers were shot down during night attacks on Bri The Nazi craft bagged over Bri tain were among formations loos ing the heaviest attacks in many The Germans said one of tneir targets was industrial town 40 miles north of A British air force commentator said that in all about 40 German planes participated in last nights raids on this Taking up where the RAF night crews left a steady stream of British planes began speeding cross the channel toward northern France at dawn SATSlfH MS IN July 24 Donald commander of the State Citizens Defense said today there was need to perfect Michigans daytime alert declaring that citizens may acquire a false of security if prac tice blackouts continue to be em The Japs bombed Pearl Harbor and we bombed Tokyo in Leonard There is good reason to suspect that any bombing the Axis may plan for Michigan also would be in the day tune when sprawling factories would be easy Leonard asserted that blackouts merely require pulling of a few yet night air raid ward ens were far more plentiful than day PLANNING TO RELEASE OFFICERS FOR FIELD DUTY July 24 IP Secretary of War Stimsdn an nounced today several administra tive changes in the Army organi all designed to simplify procedure and release as many of ficers as possible for field The principal change discussed by the Secretary at his press con ference was reorganization of the nine corps areas and their redesig nation as service IJFER TO GET RELEASE July 24 first convict to obtain his liberty under a 1941 law permitting paroles for some life prisoners will be Forest who has been a prison trusty for 30 Parole for who was sentenced from Kent county for rape in was authorized by the state parole ooard after a hearing in Southern Michigan Prison Ward en Harry Jackson said he would be released in about three weeks to employment on a Michigan DEFINITELY July 24 Alloway de cided to drive to a repair shop to see if his brakes needed They His car crashed through the plate glass window of the shop before he could Brake repairs cost The window cost Russians Make Last Before Gates Of Germans Claim SET FflRJEW PtANIS WPB Has New Mobilization Plan for Industry July 24 The government has adopted a new industrial mobilization program to concentrate most of the manufac ture of civilian goods in a compar atively few Production Chief Donald Nel son announced the program lasl He said that present mea sures had been inadequate to get the needed war so the war production board has approved a new policy under which certain plants will be designated to carry on the civilian business of entire This would for that only a few stove factories might be kept The rest would be shut down or turned over to war The war production board would guard against letting a few com panies dominate an industry after the It would require the fac tories to make a standard product without such a single type of victory As a small plants would be kept in civilian production and large plants would be converted to manufacture of war The nucleus plants which would be kept operating on civilian work would have to be in areas where there is still a surplus of where transportation facilities are and where there is adequate Other war measures announced last night included approval of a ten per cent cut in the steel ex pansion program because of short age of materials to develop mines and build and an order further restricting long distance Beginning truck ers are required to cut their total mileage by 25 per cent as compared with the same month last July 24 The Weirton Steel sub sidiary of Weirs National Steel and the Weirton inde pendent union today signed a con tract providing a 44centsaday increase for wage workers and a 5 per cent boost for salaried em Larry president of the said the increases were retroactive to January with the resulting adjustment in vaca tion would increase the com panys payroll by this The benefits will also apply to employees in the armed More than will be distri but the employees 4 for back pay and adjustments in vacation War Plants Must Use More Women Draft Head Says GRAND July War industries face a rude awak says Brigadier General Lewis if they fail to arrange replacements now for workers who must be taken into the Even the arms the direct or of selective service will be forced to give up manpower to the General addressing the International Baby Chick Associa tions convention pre dicted that men now in war industries will be replaced by The he must therefore plan accordingly to fill present workers If they dont begin now to make the necessary arrangements to re place them he they are in for a rude awaken RAF CADET PROGRAM SHIFTED TO DOMINIONS July The growing air might of Britain and America was reflected today in an announcement that the Royal Air Force cadet training program at army air fields was being shifted to bases in the British Do minions to make way for the rapid ly increasing numbers of American aviation An RAF issued simultaneously in London and through the War Department said the change was agreed upon Doth because Britain has developed lier training capacity in the Do minions and because of the rapid strides in American The British training program be gan June 7 last and called for British cadets to be trained n the first year as and as MINISTER FOUND DEAD July 24 Howard British minister to was lound dead yesterday on the bank f a small river in which he had been Physicians said death apparently was due to heart dis War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS fanfare an nounces capture of of northern and break ing resistance of fresh Red troops within lower Don Moscow admits foe at Rostovs gates anc reports Red armies in last ditch stand on lower Don develop flank attack at midway be tween Rostov and with built planes pounding prick anew at Axis defenses west of Alamein while consolidating northern and central gains of last two Italians claim Axis takes oasis in diversionary action and holds 000 British AIR hits Ruhr and Rhine valley factories by night and occupied France by day while Rus sians again bomb East Germans make strongest foray hi weeks against losing seven of 40 planes industrial 40 miles north of one DIPLOMATIC Secretary o f State radio addressshort waved to all on all peoples who want freedom to help fight Axis pictures neutrality as absurd and air men knock out third transport in three days and batter shore in but Japs consolidate hold on newlyseized base on New Guineas southeast SUGAR July IP Justice Harlan Stone said today that he did not intend to accept the task of making an in dependent inquiry in the rubber situation to end present controver sies over the Here for his summer the chief when told stories had been published to the effect that President Roosevelt had asked him to make such an said I have not accepted any such responsibility and I do not intend TRINIDAD ARMY BASE NOW WELL ADVANCED PORT OF July 24 construction of the United States Army base here is so advanced that a gradual reduction of the construction staff has been Gustav acting district engineer of the announced yester He said that with the advent of the rainy season some American workers had returned home and some West Indian laborers had been The reduction would be progressive and perma he FINLAND SUGGESTS COME TO HER RESCUE NEW July 24 land gave worldwide currency to day to a suggestion that the Unit ed States might help extricate her from her position as an ally of Germany and as a possible sacri fice to Soviet Russia in the event of a United Nations Some sort of postwar guaranty from the United States appeared to be the much was made of the point for six Finnish forces have sought only to maintain their lines against the Red without making any aggressive 3 MORE EXECUTED Unoccupied July persons were exe cuted in Paris yesterday after be ing condemned by a French tri Dunal for a riot in which two po licemen were In Mar seille 12 persons were sentencedto one year to life in prison for Com munist while in Avig non 17 peasants were indicted on charges of concealing MAKING BRIDGE STUDY July 24 State Highway Department disclos ed today it was going forward with preliminary studies of the feasibil ity of a new international bridge across the Marys river at Sault The department called for bids to be opened here July 29 at 10 for foundation borings and sounding at bridge NETHERLANDERS SHOT July 24 Ger mancontrolled Netherlands radio said today four Netherlanders had been shot by order of a German military court on a charge of hav ing broken into a government food office in The report was heard by The Netherlands news agency MORE TROOPS FOR AZORES July 24 The liner Quanza sailed with iroops for the Azores this the second shipload in two days sent to reinforce the Portuguese Stand Rostov City Falls REDSTRYTPREVENT Seeking to Hold Last Rail Line Connecting With Southern Front July 24 Red army took its stand today on the banks of the broad lower Don for a last ditch defense of the northern Caucasus against a still further re inforced Axis onslaught which over ran the Donets beat at Ros and heightened the menace to United States built pecially twomotor Douglas Bos ton thrown into the fight for the Caucasus in great er numbers than ever before on the Russian front The Russians reported holdhig as best they could in positions to which they withdrew in the No vocherkassk 20 miles north east of and said they de veloped a flank attack against the right wing of the Nazi Donriver front at midway be tween Rostov and The Germans claimed the capture of Rostov The Red army counterattack be spoke the Russians determination at any cost to keep the Caucasus from isolation by holding the Tik horetskStalingrad rail last railway link to the far southern front Rail lank Threatened The threat to this line was sharp ly drawn by the German advance upon just north of the Don at a point where the river curves within 35 miles of the rail As the Red army battled to hold back the Russian bomb ers were attacking day and night pounding the Axis reinforcements which streamed up through a great area simmering with heat waves and plumed with the sraoke of By night a halfmoon lent its yellow to the fields ablaze with thejred spouting flashes of artillery and the blow of air plane Twelve hours after announcing a withdrawal in the Novocherkassk zone 20 miles northeast of the Soviet information bureau said fighting continued there from new Two attacks by German tanks and automatic rifle men near on the Don approxi mately midway between Rostov and were repelled and Soviet units then struck at the Nazi The Russians knock ed out nine German tanks and kill ed more than 400 of the automatic rifle it was Forced To Retreat A threat of encirclement forced Soviet troops to withdraw before Nazi tanks and infantry marshaled against the Soviet information bureau The orderly again denied the Germans a break One of our units repulsed seven enemy attacks and killed over Serman officers and the in formation bureau The combat force launched against Novocherkassk was the most easterly of three aimed at a city of which is both a Russian stronghold and the western gate to the oil and mineral wealth of the Howiand when the others moved into bat tle positions before Rostov was not precisely Russian detachments guarding the Tsimlyansk on the Don approximately midway between Rostov and were re ported repulsing attack after at There was no confirmation lere of a German declaration that the invaders were across the 100 Miles From Stalingrad Disposition of two other Ger man columns menacing Stalingrad by drives across the Steppes to the north was but at last re ports they were still 100 miles or more from that Volga manufactur ing center named for Premier Stal Sturdy trucks built in the United States have been unloaded there to speed the movement of troops and Soviet planes drone overhead Theyll never take the Rus sians Optimism was maintained in re ports from the Voronezh front Midway between Moscow and Ros where the German left wing is reported to have faltered and then fallen back under Red army A fortified German position was captured although Nazi reserves moved up to assist Adolf Hitlers weakened shock the infor mation bureau In one sec tor of this front it we disabled several score tanks and killed about enemy officers and The German report on Rostov ndicated a lightning conquest of ihat for only yesterday did he high command announce that its troops had reached the out iTurn to Bage 8Ji   

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