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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - July 7, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Warmer DeUlla oo JULY 1942 PRICE 3 Axis Invaders Of Egypt Are Forced Back To The West Widespread Air Attacks Con stitute Principal Allied Blows By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July contin ued pressure on the ground and heavy attack from the tha Axis invaders of Egypt drawn back westward on have their southern flank in the battle area of El a British commun ique disclosed Several small enemy columns were engaged and the British but the princi pal land activity was cannonading on both American and British heavy bombers by daylight set fires and hit shipping at prin cipal Axis supply port deep in and British air raids just behind the lines spread fire and confusion among the The main Allied blows appeared to be these The fact and Italians widespread air at that the Germans were pulling back their southern flank despite ab sence of any great land fighting indicated a fear of being out A British military commenta tor in London said the once straight north and now was bent like a fishhook and that Rom mel appeared more reluctant to join action as his communications came more into While the enemy struck at the Nile Delta 65 to 70 miles with an overnight air raid described as full Allied aircraft bombed and strafed areas about El Daba and between Mat ruh and The British nevertheless were under no illusion that the threat UBoats Sink 3 Destroyers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July i surprise Fourth of July attack against Japanese forces in the Aleu United States submarines tor pedoed four enemy sink ing three and leaving the other The successful announced in a Navy communique marked the first time that any war craft except airplanes had entered the fight against the enemys en croaching forces in the chain of islands extending out from Three of the destroyers were pedoed at Kiska and of those two were The when last seen by American observers was burning so if it was PARATROOPS CAPTURE FORD AIRPORT Dropping out of the a company of parachute not completely destroyed it cerroops seized the Ford airport at Detroit in less tainly was put out of action for a than 10 minutes in a demonstration of the hitting long time to Planes Sight Ships The fourth destroyer was caught and sunk at Agattu Island where aircraft discovered a force of three enemy transports and escort ships on last Coming after Saturdays an nouncement of five aerial attacks by United States Army bombers on Japanese bases in the the and speed of the new The para troopers poured out of nine Army transports flying at 800 feet Spaatz Heads Air Forces in Europe July 7 Major Carl Spaatz of Boyerstown has been named commander in chief of the United States Air Forces in the European theater it was announced General Spaatz awarded Dis a cruiser and a weekly meeting of the city com tinguished Service Crosses to three disclosure of the submarine assault j indicated an intensification of the campaign against the enemy in the northern iine Man Commission Would Plan Citys Development A city planning commission of line members which would for i plans for the future devel So the have been ent of Adian be compelled to pay a high price for the island gains they have They have now lost five ships sunk lished if the new ordinance which was introduced yesterday at the Nine including i mission is The measure an aircraft have been dam Turn to Page 2 HOUSE TO GEI TAX BILL July 7 to Egypt and their Alexandria House Ways and Means committee naval base was Rommels PositionStrong Although a steady stream of tanks and guns was moving up to strengthen the they conceded that Rommels position was strong and that he probably was receiving reinforcements The heaviest British ground blows thus far in the clinch the initiative have struck by Big attempt to been rumbling almost constantly for 48 have knocked out numbers of German A night in which the British took an Axis strong point between El Alamein and a ridge to the was General Sir Claude EAuchinlecks most important gain to be reported up to today in the comeback Britains commander in now in active command at the is facing almost all Rommels North African forces concentrated in an area running about 12 miles to the Both sides are spent after almost six weeks of ceaseless battle in the tiring dry heat of the desert and it is too early yet to say whether the British have the strength left to try for a knockout Accounts from the Axis side indi cated that the at least were winning the race to mass the greater strength men and arms on the critical Alamein Turn to Page 7 War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS report capture of Voronezh on MoscowRostov apparently severing direct line between Russias northern and southern silent on admit foes tank columns sweep 50 miles beyond their 1941 invasion highwater mark contend defenders fall back in good inflicting heavy losses on GHQ reports Axis mauled by fresh troops and big American tanks and pull back advanced forces and refuse Axis admits its on defens Washington reveals tok en tank force already has bested Germans in Sea War Germans without confirmation elsewhere claim sinking of heavy cruiser and 28 allied merchantmen of Russia bound convoy in Arctic battle that is Air night raiders range northeast English coast RAF hjts occupied mines enemy by air Chinese swing into sixth year of war with claiming fiveyear loss of foe at one million wounded and pris airmen beat off Japanese raid on Port Moresby and hit at Solomon begins a lastminute inspection of its tax bill today with members Expressing the opinion with one or two minor excep no changes would be made before it is sent to the House next Chairman Doughton DNC said he would be surprised if the mem bers reversed any previous decis ions and another committeeman said anyone who offers a motion to make a change will have two strikes on him at the for we finished the bill But there was informal discussion of easing a projected 5 per cent tax on freight and express to prevent a breakdown in the present mini mum soft coal Coa interests have protested that the flat per centage tax would destroy the freight differentials on which the prices are And there was a possibility that the committee might reverse its decision to require the Post Office Department to raise postage rains on second and thirdclass mail suf ficiently to make up the annual deficit in those cate Some members said that the formula adopted would give the department too much The Treasury Department has suggested still another eliminate a proposed 10 ner cent deduction at the source of taxable with half of the deductions applicable to 1942 taxes and half to Members said there appeared to be no disposition to revise the pro posed lower personal income ex emptions and the steeplygraduated normal and surtax the flat 94 per cent excess profits on cor porations or the postwar refund which would reduce that rate to 80 per cent received its first and second read ings yesterday and is expected to come up for final adoption next Under the provisions of the or the new commission com posed of the city commissioner of public works and six mayoral appointeees would au thorize all future public improve Only a twothirds vote o the city commission could overrul the planning commissions orders The new commission would adopt a master plan providing for such physical improvements to the city as will best promote con propriety and genera welfare as well as efficiency am economy in the process of devel The master plan may be adopted as a whole by the new commission or as successive parts Mayor Lundahl said yes terday that the new commission may find it advisable to enact a building code to control new build ing projects in the This ac tion would be aimed primarily a preventing an epidemic of smal house construction that are little more than The master plan formed by the planning commission would line up major city improvements in theorder of their importance and would form a working plan for the next several The new ordi nance was introduced at the sug gestion of state and federal plan ning officials who are attempting to have municipalities in the na tion establish plans for improve ments which may be used to im prove the nations economic con dition during the period following the The master plan or any amendments to it would receive a public hearing before their adop tion according to the provisions oi the Turn to Page 7 British Bombers Strew Mines In Enemys Waters July 7 bombers mined enemy waters dur ing the night and a Nazi bomber was destroyed by a fighter plane on patrols over occupied the British announced but adverse prevented the RAFs main squadrons from raid ing Germany In the Germans lost three planes in the night Be sides the a fighter was downed by the British minesow ing armada and another bomber in Nazi raids on Two Brit ish planes were A few enemy planes ranged the northeast English coast for about an hour last dropping bombs at several but casualties were few and damage nowhere ex the government Hos tile planes also were over the south coast of Wales but there were no reports of bombs having AUCTIONS July Furniture auction at Fred See on Planning PostWar Care for Children July 7 Evan London educator here for the British Ministry of Informa told the Michigan Institute of Social Welfare today his coun try is planning already for the postwar care of children of Eu including those of Germany and These infants should not be crucified on the cross of Davies adding it would take the united efforts of victorious Allied powers to save Davies cautioned welfare au thorities that sociologists would face a but task in event enemy attack neces sitated the evacuation of large numbers of children from indus trial He said he found this was true in country as a meniber of committee of he helped to direct the removal of children from London in three days at the outset of the Experience he that the authorities will be criti cized if children are not but if no bombs fall after the children have been transport ed to parents will bring them home and complain if they subsequently are hurt He said in bombings of London by German aviators many of the child victims once had to members of the crew of a plane piloted by Charles Kegel man July 4 in the first American raid on Germanheld territory in Western They were Second Ran dall of Lon Sergeant Robert L Golay of and Ser geant Bennie Cunningham of Captain of El was awarded the DSC im mediately after the raid on The having brought his badlydamaged plane home oh one engine after striking the ground when hit by German General who has been assistant to the chief of the Ail also announced that mem bers of the two Americanoperat ed planes missing from the July 4 raid were Second Frederick of Seattle Second Marshall Draper of Beverley Sergeant Robert Whitham of members of one Second William Lynn of Los Angeles Second Boyd Grand of Louisiana home town not Sergeant William Murphy of and Sergeant Charles Kram arewicz of mem bers of the other Turn to Page 7 AFL Refuses To Treat With Reds On Equal Terms July 7 IP Refusal by the American Federa tion of Labor to treat with the Russians on equal terms was dis closed today as a possible reason for failure of the British effort to achieve an AngloAmericanSoviet labor relationship to promote the war Sir Walter secretary of the British Trades Union presented the proposal to the AFL executive council last Daniel general presi dent of the International Broth erhood of Tearhsters and member of the AFL disclosed the AFLs in part at least in an article in the July issue of his unions the International The CIO said the ar say that there is consider able progress being made toward This is Both sides have agreed to talk to each and that about The AFL has refused to rec ognize the Russian labor move claiming that the govern ment of Russia controlled and ap pointed the trade union leaders and laid down the rules for them to work On the other the CIO ivent out 100 per cent to meet the Russian labor movement and the Sritish trade union movement and practically recognized them both on equal AFL President William Green said after the conference with Sir Walter in May that the AFL had not rejected the proposal but here was some discussion in the orm of collective bargaining on the the nature of the AFLs counter proposal was not The British labor lead er returned to England about two veeks ago after confessing disap ointment to intimate friends over he results of his His re porthas notbeen j C t Undeclared War Developing In Territorial Waters July 7 Swedish navys attempts to convoj shipping to Germany and Finlan appeared today to be developing into an undeclared sea war ai Swedish destroyers twice during th day attacked submarines in terri torial The first clash occurred yester day morning in the Baltic abou 100 miles south of Stockholm after a submarine of undetermined na tionality fired a torpedo at a Swed ish The torpedo missed anc exploded on the A Swedish escorting thi immediately attacked thi dropping depth bombs The second attack was in the afternoon when a Swedish destroy depthbombed asubmarine ob served inside Swedish waters easi of Oeland Island near a As in a similar encounter las when a Swedish warship attacked a there was no indication whether the submarines were The intensification of Swedens shipping difficulties started June 22 when the Swedish steamer Ada was torpedoed in terri torial with the loss of The Swedish government the attacking submarine in sale this case was identified as but Moscow replied that an investiga tion failed to substantiate Swedens A Stockholm broadcast heard by CBS today said a Swedish fishing vessel was bombed and machine gunned half an hour Saturday by a clearly marked German plane of the west coast of The German radio quoted an editorial from the Swedish news paper Helsingborgs Dagblad as say ing Swedish public opinion was enormously aroused by Soviet in China Enters Sixth Year Of War July 7 tered China entered the sixth year of its struggle against the Japanese invader today with a renewed that the Pacific rather than Europe be made the United Nations second Speaking for the Chungking gov Major General Chu Shih military declared the United States and China could inock out the Japanese this if full American power were con centrated in the A force of only 500 warplanes of all types would enable China to aunch an he The including are still Despite Japanese bases remain from which Japan can be If the Japanese are allowed time to consolidate their it may take a very long time to defeat and meanwhile the United Nations would never be able to throw their full strength into a European second Turn to Page 2 STAY JOBS July 7 mately 115 city mostly maintenance remained away from their jobs today while state labor mediator planned a conferences with AFL union leaders and city The members of the American Federation of County and Municipal Employees walked out asking through a spokesmen for pay increases and improved Hitlers High Command Reports Voronezh Captured From HardPressed Reds American Tank Forces Whip Germans In Desert Skirmish By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July tok en force of American tank sol diers met and defeated German panzer units in a Libyan deser skirmish June 12 and was believ ed today to be engaged alongsid British troops in the battle o The War Department announc ed the tank encounter in a com munique last Dispatche from Cairo credited the American force with knocking out at leas nine German tanks without suf fering casualties itself in the bat tie between Knightsbridge and Acroma the day before the Ger man ambush of the British armor ed force on June The Americans left their tank at Tobruk and got out just befon the Germans went Cairo ad vices said they were to have re turned to America to apply les sons learned in the but be cause of the German advance they were ordered and join in the fight to save The American tank crews wen to Africa under command of Ma jor Henry Lodge Senator Lodg of who returnee to Washington During and join in the fight to save Egypt derwent machinegun fire an divebombing and narrowly escap ed being taken American crews manned Amer icanmade medium tanks in com bat during a part of the battle of Libya on June 11 and said the War Department communique They comprised a portion of a roup of American armored force observers who have been in North Africa for several The tanks operated by the Americans under the com mand of Captain Charles Stel ling of In two days of heavy the Amer can crews succeeded in knocking out several German The American tanks were hit repeated ly but were not seriously damag There were no battle casual Hies among the Edward Associated correspondent Al lied troopssaid the American unil saw little fighting on the first day The next day it was part of a British formation charged with lolding a desert ridge between Snightsbridge and Acroma to pro tect the withdrawal of South Af rican infantry from the Gazala About 75 German tanks attack ed shortly after The battle raged all The ridge v Captain Stelling told Kennedy Say 28 Ships In Convoy Have Been Destroyed BERLIN from German broad July 7 Germans today claimed the sinking of an American heavy cruiser and merchantmen out of a convoy in Arctic waters between Spitsbergen and the Norwegian north There was no of he German claim from any other In the last previous big Arctic convoy battle the Germans aid they sank 18 allied when tctually six were A special announcement from Hitlers headquarters today said the convoy consisted of 38 merchant hips carrying ammu nition and food supplies bound for Archangel with a heavy escort of allied The attacks upon the convoy on July 2 in Arctic waters 300 to 400 miles off the north Nor vegian The convoy escort was said by the Germans to have ncluded de rtroyers and HOSPITALS FILLED July 7 W Almost all hospitals in Norway lave been filled with thousands of German soldiers wounded on the Russian the Stockholm cor respondent of the Basel newspaper National Zeitung said last The occupation authorities have allotted some schools for civilian the dispatch but Ger mans also are using schools and The Norwegian press announced hat no new civilians could be ac epted before the end of July be cause of the requisition of hospitals y the German Lack of medicines and instruments was re although the Germans were importing BULLETINS NEW July 7 with warrants obtained by United Attorney Mathias ederal agents today were rounding p every national sectional fficials and principal leaders of the ermanAmerican Bund who were indicted by a New York federal grand of the fighting in these words We zigzagged about JOO yards each just keeping zigzagging and firing at enemy Our orders were to fire at the enemy tank nearest to us and keep firing at it until we stopped then turn our fire on the next nearest We opened up with our 75 millimeter gun when they came within yards about a mile and using highexplo sive shells at changing to armorpiercing shells when they came When they came to within yards we used our 37 They launched three big attacks during the but no German tank got nearer than 700 yards to I dont know exactly how many we knocked out as we did not check them but there were at least He declared there was no ques tion the American medium tank was the best tank in the Major Lodge went to the Libyan front to arrange for temporary inclusion of the American force in a royal tank regiment and to gel data for special training in desert He narrowly escaped be ing cut off in a German tank raid in the El Adem Lodge has reported his findings to the general staff and plans to give the Senate Military Affairs Committee a detailed UPPER DON RIVER Meat Packers Scramble for AH Available Offerings July 7 sending their hogs to leading live stock centers yesterday obtained the best prices in nearly two dec ades as meat packers scrambled for all offerings Sharp price upturns character ized most large and small and at Chicago choice types broughj a hundred the highes quotation since this same date in Gains ranged from 10 to 15 Prices jumped 15 to 25 cents at East 10 cents at South St Paul and as much as 25 to 30 cents on light weights at The average hog at Chicago about 260 pounds and is sell ing for a hundred Spurring the observers were two dominant trends the fact that receipts were comparatively and the belief that government lend ease purchases of pork and lard would continue upon an unprece dented Government buying of canned pork last week totaled the largest purchase yet nade in one week and more than twice as much as was bought in all of July last Heavy purchases of other types of as well as were also Yesterdays action climaxed steady hog price advance for the ast several weeks and placed quo ations far above the level main tained during the period upon which dressed pork ceilings are Wholesale pork is frozen at high est quotations prevailing in the February 16 to February 20 plus certain allowances for the narket upturn prior to the March 37 During the February hogs never got above and in the March 37 period he top was Although sales to the government endlease buyers may be made at lightly higher prices than domestic meat packers claimed the steady hog advance was making it difficult to obtain a profit on this as well as that sold DEATH ENDS CAREER OF DANIEL VETERAN RAILROADER July 7 has ended the long railroading ca reer of Daniel who began as a track laborer and climbed to he presidency and board chairman ship of the Baltimore and Ohio He was Uncle as he was famil arly known throughout the had been seriously ill of heart trouble since May when he was taken to the Union Memorial He died there ast For three decades president of he Willard retired from hat position last year in favor of Roy Barton White of Western Un on and became the first board chairman of the had he longest tenure of any president in 115year Willard began his 62 years of railroading at North where he was born on a farm During the last he had curtailed his activities because jf failing Surviving are his a Daniel Will and four sons are j Russians Throw Back German Troops Attempting to Cross Vital Waterway By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July mech anized divisions battled realigned Russian troops today before Voro on the MoscowRostov rail way at the approximate junction of southern and central Red and a dispatch from the city said conditions here are extremely Hitlers high command reported the capture of which lies 10 miles east of the upper The Nazicontrolled Paris radio went declaring the Germans were already pushing on from Voronezh in the direction of another important rail junction 140 miles to the implying a major A dispatch to the army news Red said the enemy laid pontoon repaired dam aged spans and sent barges and boats swarming at several points to the east bank of an important waterline apparently the Don un der the cover of bombardments by artillery and aerial The upper a major objective of the push from lies about 50 miles beyond the point of the Germans greatest advance across the region in 1941 Russian tanks were ranged along the east bank of the Germanforced water line and were reported throwing back successive waves of Germans attempting further cross This indicated that the Germans had failed in initial efforts to pene trate the Russian defenses in On the or western tanks and troopladen man trucks were backed up for some distance awaiting a chance to and Red air force bombers were attacking them in unending waves while Russian lighters were in constant clashes with Nazi Cutting through a massive cur tain of German antiaircraft Russian bombers were reported to have destroyed two large crossings and damaged two then to have bombed six Nazi engineers trying ot repair the 40 Nazi Tanks Smashed At one point where the Germans crossed the water line 40 tanks ne gotiated the stream only to fall into a circle of Russian artillery fire which smashed The Red air force was credited with destruc tion of 59 more enemy tanks and 72 troop and supply laden Russian troops were reported to have fallen back toward Voronezh in good order and removed the menage of Nazi flank Fresh including the 8Sth German were moved into the battle after being rushed from another increasing to 12 the total number of divisions and to almost the number of troops in the the Russians The Red was said to be defending the waterline liquidating small en emy mobile groups which reached the east A full German regi ment was reported defeated and most of its personnel killed in one of the greatest Thousands of other Germans were the Russians and a dispatch from the front declared six trains totaling 247 each crowded with had been seen moving to the German Hundreds of Nazi planes and guns were declared battered out of Red army commanders directed powerful counterattacks in some areas and withdrawal from others perhaps under a threat of encir clement to meet the The Germans obviously sought to wedge between Russian forces of the south and The campaign apparently was aimed at eventual isolation of the oilrich During July 6 our troops waged fierce battles west of Voronezh and southwest of Stari the in formation bureau Our troops evacuated a number of pop ulated Voronezh is a manufacturing and mill city of on the Moscow Rostov railway about 10 miles east of the Situated in a low plains it is a port on the Voronezh a tributary of the Stari Oskol lies 65 miles to the south The fact the communique listed the area west of Voronezh rather than that west of the Don as a battleground implied that the Ger striking from the west lad succeeded in landing in force on the east Bridgehead Wiped Out Russias heaviest the KV were reported earlierto have wiped out a Nazi other wise Soviet tank crews were credited with annihilating more than Jermans west of Voronezh in a night engagement and killing 800 others and destroying more than 100 tanks in four days of fighting at a ATum to Page 7X
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