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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - June 25, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM WarmeP OetaOs OB JUNE 1942 PRICE 3 GERMANS DRIVE 60 MILES INTO EGYPT Great Losses Force Germans To Check Sevastopol Attack 6 German and Rumanian Divi sions Others Suffer Heavy Losses By THE ASSOCT PRESS June gigantic German offensive against Sevas topol is slackening be cause of the losses suffered by the Russian dis patches said but the battle still is violent against a severely outnumbered garrison of the Cri mean port in the 21day six German and Rumanian divi sions have been three others have suffered staggering and 150 Nazi tanks and hundreds of planes have been des said the Russian The defeated divisions were list ed as the German 132nd and and the Rumanian first and 18th those suffering great los ses were named as the German 24th and 117th and the Rumanian In the last few days the Ger mans have weakened a little in their attacks on our positions as a result of immense said the army Red but they still are superior in thus permitting them to carry on vio lent battles in a number of sec While the Russians thus held doggedly on at there a developing struggle for the Donets and Oskol basin southeast of Kharkov in the No Battle Details A communique which told of overnight operations on the Khar kov where the Germans have been attacking since June said only that our troops fought against the but gave no details of the course of the The war bulletin how that on other sectors of the front no substantial changes took It declared the defenders of Se vastopol in the Crimea were dis playing unparalleled heroism and were waging a salfsacrificing struggle against superior The German high command acknowledged today for the first time that its forces had under taken a Ukraine offensive south east of Kharkov on June anni versary of the invasion of The Berlin communique reported further gains into the Sevastopol defenses in bitter forest and housetohouse Sustained pressure against dent ed Red Army lines in the Donets basin area before Kharkov cost Field Marshal Fedor von great losses in men and materiel the Soviet Information Bureau and tanksupported in fantry thrusts in one sector were Turn to Page 13 Johnston Called Lexington Hero LOS June 25 Newsman Stanley Johnston a fine job of reporting the battle of the Coral says one of his shipmates aboard the Lex but neglected to tell the heroic part he himself played in the final hours of the big aircraft Lt Weldon squadron leader who first sighted the Japanese and planted the first heavy bomb In the middle of its broad flight reported today that John Chicago Tribune correspon dent and only reporter was one of the real heroes of the The commanders own part in the battle was sidetracked in an interview until he of the newsmans extracurricular Johnston never did rescue the notes and news diaries he was wor rying so much Hamilton re When I got back to the Lexington she was badly crippled by torpedoes and One of the first men I saw was I told him briefly of the action as I had seen it it became apparent the Lexington was in a bad way and Johnston went below decks for his papers and personal He came up a little but didnt have any He was lugging a badly wounded He deshed down still after his Pretty soon he carrying another injured I dont know how many times he repeated the Ev every time he insisted he was go ing after his and every time he came back with a wounded or Ee risked his life time and Taxes In Brief June 24 Here are the major provisions of the tax bill approved today by the Ways and Means Committee Income Taxes Personal exemptions lowered from 5750 to 5500 for single per from to for mar ried persons 5400 credit for each dependent Normal tax raised from 4 to 6 per with 10 per cent earned income credit re tained surtaxes increased from 6 per cent on first to 12 per cent Beginning next 10 per cent of income in excess of per sonal exemptions and credits will be deducted from paychecks to ap ply on Corporation Taxes Present excess profits rates rang ing from 35 to 60 per cent raised to flat 94 per with postwar credit equal to 14 per cent of net income which is subject to this Invested capital and average earnings alternatives continued for computing excess Com bined normal and surtax plied on income not subject to ex cess profits from 31 to 40 per cent for corporations with income above Specific ex emption to which all corporations entitled raised from to Numerous provisions adopted for special hardship Excise Taxes Taxes on telephone and telegraph parimutuel travel freight and express and lubricating oil either increased or new taxes im General salef tax as were proposals to tax soft drinks and to increase taxes on gasoline and transportation Amount on Hand About Nor mal for This Time of Year Special to The Telegram June con gestion of sugar in warehouses re ported from some parts of the country does not apply to any great extent to the Great Lakes Sugar Company according to the superintendent The refinery produced about pounds of sugar last fall and while the records are not avail able at Weller es timates that something like seven and a half million pounds still are on This amount is slightly more than normal at this time of the but shipments have been fairly heavy the last week or The company does not have suffic ient storage space here for all the sugar it makes and rents ware houses hi Detroit and Ship ments are made from those rented warehouses first and of means sugar is stored here longer than in the rented The Company sells all its sugar through a Detroit firm of sugar brokers who in turn sell only on government The new regulations providing for the purchase of one months supply on rationing cards instead of two weeks will help somewhat in relieving the storage The company has contracted for approximately acres of sugar beets this year which is about the same as last There is no government allotment on acreage this The crop is in good con dition except for some places where excessive rainfall has delayed blocking and Four Adrian firms have been authorized to display United States Treasury flags in recognition of the fact that 90 percent or more of their employees have signed up for the payroll savings plan for buy ing war according to in formation received by Charles county war bond chair Other firms may have quali fied but formal recognition of their achievement has not yet been re To date the Croswell and Fam ily the Montgomery Ward Auto Parts and the Consumers Power Com pany are listed as entitled to dis play the Treasure The Auto Parts Company has its flag and tthe Consumer Power Company was to put its flag on display this according to Robert PLANE IMMOBILIZED AT DIEGO SUAREZ British soldiers here get a closeup view of their I two days of brisk The British put this own fire power after their swift capture of Diego I enemy plane out of business before it could be used naval base in taken May 7 after I by Say Gunners Put Up Deadly Screen of AntiAir craft Fire Editors Note What actually happened at Dutch Harbor The dramatic answer to the uppermost in American minds since the Japanese planes attacked June is supplied in eyewitness quota tions for the first time in the fol lowing June 25 the first dramatic eyewitness report of what happened at Dutch evacuees and seamen told upon ar rival of a transport here how the Japanese air attack at June 3 caught civilians by surprise and how the gallant gunners on their ship and ashore laid a dead ly screen of antiaircraft fire about the raiding While army and navy Caen man ned the antiaircraftguns the ships crew snatched up rifles and blazed away at the dive bomb Lifting up the military restric tions disclosed that the command er of the Dutch Harbor naval base issued a commendation for cour ageous duty under fire by the army transports crew and the How many Japanese planes were downed has never been announced Reports brought by the witnesses to the raids failed to clar ify the point official navy announcement of the raid on the Dutch Harbor base reported four bombers and 15 Fighter planes were involved in the raid early the morning of June with an unreported number of planes returning six hours later for what apparently was a reconnais sance The navy reported damage was not al though some warehouses were set and casualties were not great Turn to Page 5 Sheriff Scott to Seek Reelection Sheriff Roscoe Scott told the Lenawee county board of super visors yesterday that he will be a candidate for reelection in the Sheriff Scott appeared before the board to discuss the need for a countywide organiza tion of volunteer police officers during the war as well as other matters concerning the sheriffs department In announc ing his candidacy he requested the support of the supervisors if they approved of his management of the office during the last three and onehalf Scott is now completing his second Family Men Key Workers Be Last Called June 25 IP Family men and key war workers will be the last to be called to the colors by local draft boards under new orders sent out Draft headquarters announced four categories to govern the or der under which men will be call ed up on the basis of leaving married men with chil dren as the last to be inducted but emphasizing that they could count upon no permanent deferment Turn to Page 13 ROAD SHOVEL IS Raw Material Shortage Faces Nation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS June duction Chief Donald Nelson told Congress and the nation to day that raw materials admitted due in part to a too lit tle and too late eventually might force the scrapping of metal statuary and other decorative There are very few important materials concerning which the government does not need to take positive Nelson declared in a report to the special Senate investigating Some programs we now with the benefit of were clearly undertaken too and others were conceived in far too niggardly a Lack of foresight in requirements has certainly been all too whatever the causes of such lack may have While asserting that production of raw materials was Nelson cautioned that scrap collections would have to be stepped up We may indeed find it neces sary before we are through to go well beyond what is normally considered the War Pro duction Board head As you a section of bur salvage group has been working on special projects for bringing into the scrap market socalled dormant such as unsued elevated railway In the process has gone further to include taking metals in place and In use but not serving a vitally important Prominent among the of sources tapped in have been metal and other decorative metal met al signs arid the to Page The Lenawee county roadde working until 6 oclock last rescued its 11ton pow er shovel from a pit of quicksand on the cemetery road two miles east of Twenty hours of work by a crew of ten men was required to bring the ma chine to solid The machine started set tling into the quicksand about 4 oclock Tuesday afternoon and at its deepest had sunk about three feet The caterpillar treads were completely Efforts to remove the machine were continued until midnight Wednesday morning the crew beganto hoist the shovel with hydraulic jacks and Planks were finally put under neath the treads and shovel was brought to solid ground with the aid of a wrecker and its own Voorhis Says He Was Not Given Chance to Vote Against It June 25 Dies Committee report charging existence of a Communistinspired movement to obliterate Congress was denounced yesterday by a com mittee member as coming peril ously close to outright deception and bordering on a practice that in itself is In a sharply worded minority re Voorhis dis agreed with the committees find ings and declared that the way to answer attacks on Congress is to write a record that in itself wil disprove Voorhis said he was not given an opportunity to vote against the re made publicvyesterdayr to Casey was outof members approved While sharing with the majority a belief that there does exist a de liberate attempt to discredit the Congress in the eyes of the Amer ican Voorhis said No member of Congress has a right to object if af jks are made upon him as an individual member of for without the righl of such criticism our political life would stagnate and we would no more have a representative demo cratic The majority report he charged sought to answer attacks on Con gress by the mere assertion thai the attackers are not good Amer Referring to the committees al legations that the Union For Demo cratic action was composed chiefly of persons with communistic lean Voorhis said Far from having anything to do with organizing the Union For Democratic the Communist party actually attacked it through the Communist party press in very bitter The unions position down to the time of Hitters attack on Russia was the exact opposite of that o the Communist he contin Voorhis charged that when the committee undertakes to accuse people of unAmerican activities because they criticize certain fea tures of our economy or say unkinc things about finance or capitalism or because they come out for a greater degree of cooperation in our economic it is in danger of becoming an which gates to itself the right to censor peoples ideas and that in itself is Little Hope for New Houses Seen In Adrian After New WPB Order Cermond Directed Not to Is sue Permits for Major Build ing Projects The designation of Adrian as a defense area and War Production Board orders that followed direct tag that 100 new houses be under construction in the city by Sep tember 1 appear to mean little or nothing in the light of an order received today by Commissioner Louis Germond directing him to issue no permits for major building projects unless the build er has obtained special permission from the In all house building op erationsin for de fense workers as well as nonde fense come to an almost complete halt during the last few months because the WPB has neither approved nor re jected proposed building projects in the Building contractors who sent applications in for ap proval four months ago have and consequently been able to start con Chamber who was notified of defense area said today that so far it hasnt done a bit of good and I cant see where it will do any Adrian building supply compan ies report that new building con struction is practically nonexist ent because prospective house builders have found it impossible to obtain necessary WPB approv One company reported build tag only one house year and i was started before WPB approval was Another compan reported no new houses started and a third said that materials t rebuild a house that had burriec constituted all of their business in new house Harold secretary o the Adrian Federal Savings Loan said today tha at a recent convention he was toll by several men experienced in the building business that Adrian defense area rating would mean They said that if any building was done here it prob ably would be barracks for de fense workers erected by the gov eminent he to MAJORITY REPORT HEALTH UNIT LI Minority Report and Vote on Project Scheduled Satur day Morning COUNTY COST A majority report from mem bers of a committee investigating the advisability ofestablishing a county health made today be bre the board of rec ommended that the health unit be The matter will be voted on by the board Saturday morning at Harry made the recommendation in fa vor of the health unit after several weeks of study and investigation by the committee composed of John Calhoun of Raisin Seager of Rollo Conlin of and Zim merman of Conlin told the board that a minority report would be made The estimate of the cost of a health unit for Lenawee county was plac ed at of which the state of Michigan and the Public Service would contribute Lenawee county would pay the balance of These figures were read by Lundahl and were quoted from a letter written to him by the state department of public Lundahl also read other letters from some 15 or 20 different Lenawee schools and organizations recom mending that the unit be estab Washtenaw Director Speaks The recommendation for the county health unit came after Otto director of the Washtenaw County Health Depart made an extensive report on the activities of his department since its establishment a year Engelke appeared at the invi tation of the investigating commit In response to a En gelke said that he believed Lena wee countys war effort would be materially by the es tablishment of a publichealth sys This is the time to start one he before the war is over be very thankful that you have a well trained staff to carry on public health Turn to Page 13 GERMlfRAZE ANOTHER CZECH COMMUNITY June 25 ff The Czech community of Lesaty in Bo hemia has been razed by the Nazis on the accusation that the villag ers hid parachutists involved in the killing of Reinhard protector of it was reported today in Budapest radio broadcast heard by a Czech government listener This was the second village wip out by the Germans in ven geance for the death of Heydrich he Germans having reported June 10 they had killed the male population of near Prague sent the women to concentration camps and the children to edu cational About 350 men faced the firing squads in that What happened to the Lesaty population was not disclosed by the Budapest which quoted an official announcement in Prague The announcement charged the villagers with shielding from po lice the socalled parachute agents involved in Heydrich plot Other phases of the purge ol antiAxis Czechs The Budapest radio said that 18 Czechs were sentenced to death at Prague yesterday and 12 at Bruenn The charges were not Heydrich died of his wounds on June The Nazis alleged he had been wounded by an antitank bomb of British Even before his death they started killing hundreds of hos tages in Last week they said two former officers in th Czech army were tha they had parachuted to earth from a British and that they were shot to death in a Prague church on June Lesaty is in the Bohemian dis trict of a predominant ly agricultural community 70 miles southeast of Increased Tax Program Completed By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS June estimated to raise from and teeplyincreased on such ommon luxuries as cigarettes were entatively recommended to Con fess today by the House Ways and leans All decisions the commit ee turned the hundreds of pages f the complex measure over to drafting clerks but reserved the right to inspect it once more be ore sending it to the House finally or a weeks debate probably July Just a fraction over twothirds of the which Secre ary Morgenthau said was the least hat Congress should the new taxes would offset only a small part of the vast war expen ditures voted since Pearl Harbor and still would leave the Treasury the task of borrowing at least in the fiscal year that egins July The committees drawn after repeated close votes on contro versial of which still may be completed ast night after more than three and onehalf months of considera It was conceded that by the ime it is approved by the Senate and probably adopted finally by a joint SenateHouse conference the effect of proposed excise taxes would be lost for most of this Turn to Page 9 Civil Air Patrol To Meet Tonight Nelson commander o the Adrian squardon of the Civ Air today urged all mem bers of the patrol to attend an im portant meeting of the group a the high school building tonight The willbegin at 8 oclock and will be held in Room 18 of the Adrian senior high school building ARMY FLIERS beginning Sink Jap Warship and Three River Transports June 25 Volunteer Group converted into bombers were disclosed todayto have raided Hankow on sinking a Japanese damaging and es The raid marked the first AVG action in Hupeh province and was directed against Chinas greatest Ulterior city under Jap anese occupation since has served as the principal base from which the Japanese in the past have bombed The Japanese airdrome at Han kow evidently was the intended objective of the raiders but the Japanese alarm network gave warning in time for all planes on Lhe ground to take to the The AVG bombers therefore con centrated their main attack on shipping in the the busiest on the Yangtze as Japanese transports are arriving continually with supplies for armed forces in Hupeh and north Hunan In first reports of the the raiders were designated only as aombers of the Chinese British Abandon Frontier Strongholds of Salum and Sidi Omar By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS June tank forces thrust more than 60 miles into Egypt forcing the British to fall back under a cover ng but United States Army liers dealt the enemy a punishing low with second raid on ths ig supply base of 330 miles to the British army headquarters an lounced that the British Eighth Army had abandoned the frontier trongholds of Salum and Sidi Omar and that Nazi Marshal Erwin Rom mels advance forces were south ast of Sida with mobile units fighting a fierce rear uard The RAF disclosed that the Ger mans and Italians in heavy strength were moving across all day yes erday to the south of Bir Shefer which is 15 miles south of iidi Omar and about 40 miles the The enemy then swung north being kept under con inual and damaging attack by bombers and fighters of the RAF and the South African Air Meanwhile the United States fliers in thenfourmotored Con olidated Liberator bombers team d with the RAF for the second time this week to launch a heavy overnight bombardment of Ben principal entry port in Libya or Axis Shipping Main Objective The RAF announced that ship ping in the harbor was the ob ective as Rommel raced to make good his earlier Libyan losses in anticipation of his drive toward Cairo and now only about 300 and 220 respec away from his advanced The Axis drive Surged up if not past the highwater mark of he Italian offensive of the of Dispatches from the front indi cated speedy resumption of large scale with the fate of all Sgypt hanging on the1 Eighth Armys ability to halt an encircl mg Axis drive similar to that which encompassed the fall of Such an encircling maneuver would enable General Field Mar shal Erwin Rommel to employ to the best advantage his newlywon mechanized for the desert terrain south of the rocky coastal escarpment is admirably suited for tank From reports of aerial t appeared that Rommel was con centrating the main of nil armored strength in a sp aimed at the border in the v jty REVIEW Congressmen Call It Very En couraging June 25 President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill of Britain gave congressional leaders today a 40 minute review of the world situa touching on the British defeal in North Africa and the opening of a second front in and the legislators called the survey Very satisfactory and very Speaker Rayburn told reporters that the Libyan phase of the wai covered in some detail and that a second front was mentioned in That always comes of Churchills meeting with leaders from both Republican and Demo cratic ranks on Capitol Hill started off a round of conferences which set the day apart as one of the most important since the Prime Minister flew the Atlantic a week ago to confer with the President a second The President and Prime Min ister followed up the congressiona conference with an appointmea with the Pacific war None of the legislative leaders would go into details of the con versations with the two United Nations Rayburn remark tag that a great many of these were of a military The ranks of the war council which includes representatives o eight nations engaged in warfari in the were augmented to day by Prime Minister Mac kenzie King of The war council was invited to the White House not only for formal discussion apparently de signed to help integrate Pacific op erations with those in Europe bu also to an informal Sec retary of State Hull and Under secretary Welles were also on the luncheon list the President Churchill arranged sep arate parley with Secretary Hul and the British Lori F SKI of Fort some 50 outh of where the BxMsa ccupy strong positions athwart he escarpment Military quarters agreed that a breakthrough in the Fort Mad dalena sector might have serioui for there are no natural barriers which the British might utilize to halt an Axis drive eastward along the old caravaa trails which traverse the desert Rommels Supply a Problem Rommels main problem appear ed to be one of problem hat will become increasingly dif ficult the farther east he Observers doubted he would be able to make any effective use of Tobruk as a supply port for some because of destruction done to dock facilities by the British garrison before it Allied air forces based in the Egyptian these now include United States ready have launched an allout of fensive against Axis shipping in he with special emphasis on Whether the Allies can attain and hold control of the skies in the jattle for Egypt is a question still o be It was conceded hat RAF losses over Libya were but the British maintaia that Axis losses were re porting the destruction of 93 enemy planes up to June Turn to Page 13 BULLETINS British June 25 several arrests Governor Sir John Hunter an nounced military authori ties are believed to have broken up an organization which has been rendering active assistance to the enemy in the Caribbean British Honduras fronts on the Caribbean about 750 miles north west of the Panama About 15 persons were taken into custo dy on Monday June 25 The War Department announced today the formal establishment of a European theater of for United States forces with Ma jor General Dwight Eisenhow er as commanding General recently as sistant chief of staff in charge of the operations division of the War De partment general will have headquarters in The brief announcement was made without reference to current speculation on the possibility of a second front in i
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