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   Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - May 18, 1942, Adrian, Michigan                                ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Showers Weather DeUUj on Ptgt Two MAY 1942 PRICE 3 CAUSE LIME SI Few Price Changes Reported As Retailers Adopt March Prices As Maximum LISTS BEING PREPARED Ceiling prices on thousands of costofliving commodities in al most retail stores through out the country came in like the proverbial March lamb this morn ing if the reaction of Adrian mer chants is indicative of the general The farreaching regulations of the office of price designed to prevent runaway in flation in the cost of affect all commodities which are consid ered essential to human Ceil ing prices are not to be higher than any price charged during the month and stores are to inform the public that they are confirm ing to ceiling price rules by signs posted in their Lists of ceil ings also must be posted in con venient The OPA order has forced Adrian merchants to check over the prices of all costofliving commodities and return them to March levels where but merchants this morning said that the number of mark downs necessary are com paratively Prices did advance during February and they but few advances were noted during April and this No Postponed Buying Stores this morning were open for business with no particular ex citement and merch ants said that the public has not asked whether the ceiling prices are being Friday and Saturday were good days for bus iness in local indicating that the buying pubiic did not postpone purchases in the hope of benefit ting by mark But the quiet debut of the price ceiling program does not mean that the regulations have not required a large amount of Stores have been forced to go over their en tire item by to see if changes are and in some cases they have had to make mark thereby cutting their cus tomary if not entailing some Another important task facing retailers is to furnish a com plete listing of the ceiling prices on cost of living commodities for the Regional Office of the OPA in De troit before June Merchants also said that the price ceUing regulations were pre ventive in The February and March rises were quite notice but they had remained at that level in most Merchants ex pressed the belief that the regula tion went into effect at a good as another increase in prices was expected this The Ceiling List Some of the items upon which ceiling prices are now imposed are such as canned flour milk and ice cream all mens womens and childrens clothing and miscellaneous articles such as cigarettes and dentifrices shaving razor soap and medicines and house hold including ap To Launch 30 Merchantmen Friday May 18 ffA great mass launching of 30 mer chant vessels Friday will inaugur ate the new twoshipsaday pro duction program of the Maritime While the large number of ships will go into the water as part of the National Maritime Day cere Chairman Emory Land said none had been delayed to roup them on that The prev ous record was set last September 27 when 14 ships went down the The program now calls for the wilding of some vessels of deadweight tons this year and A White House statement Sat urday night reported that the nations vast cargo ship construc tion program vas on The statement disclosed that shipyards delivered 120 new vessels n the first 130 days of 1942 and that the figure was 20 per cent ahead of the entire year of The construction total compares vith 111 American merchant ship sinkings since Pearl Liberty ships now are being milt in onehalf the time original y the statement Orig inal schedules for delivery on an average of 180 They have been shortened to 105 vith some yards producing the ves sels on a 90day Two records are expected to be made at this week when one of the Liberty the Jonathan will be deliv ered for service 60 days after its ceel was laid and the Thomas Bailey will be aunched in 30 the statement Counterattacks Fail to Check Reds Closing In On Vital Kharkov towels and Articles which are not subjec to price ceilings are some foods such as lamb and fresh sea all fresh vegetables ex cept plain all milk products except ice fresh milk and cream pro fessional services and used auto mobiles and used household goods No Startling Deductions By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May 18 The clock of rising prices was moved back to March today and From now no retail merchan may charge more for consumer products than the highest price he charged in While the price control order was not ex pected to result in any startling economists figured that the average drop in the cost of liv ing would be about 1 per As a guide to the nearly American retailers the Office of Price Administration has begun distributing a shopkeepers entitled What Every Re tailer Should Know About the General Maximum Price Regula In telling the retailer what to the OPA bulletin likewise lets the customer know what to expect on the counters of the corner grocery or the big depart ment Five tests are prescribed by OPA bv which the retailer may deter mine his maximum selling price under the universal Delivery Price Is Key The first basic rule requires the retailer to take as his ceiling the highest price at which he delivered a specified article in The key factor is the actual delivery 3uring March rather than the making of a sale in that Delivery took place when the cus tomer received the article or when It left the store on its way to the The second rule covers a retail er who offered an article for sale in March but made no His ceiling will be the highest of fering price marked on the article itself or on the shelves or racks where it was displayed for for an article neither de livered nor offered for sale in the ceiling is the highest price of the article most nearly like it delivered or offered for delivery during to Page Striking Construction Men Granted Increases of 10 to 20 Cents An Hour Settlement of the unauthorized strike of the International Union of Hod Building and Con struction State Local L191 who are employed on Jie pipeline construction for the Panhandle Eastern Company across and south eastern waseffected in Detroit Friday The workers will receive pay increases of ten cents and 20 cents an Their previous rate was 65 cents per Operations were halted last Monday and the negotiations took place in Detroit with Pat manager of the state local and John local speaking for the L president of the C Little of con tractors for the was pres A 20inch main has been joined to the main line of the Panhandle Eastern Company two miles south and east of and it will be carried across the county to Pleas ant near where a junction will be made for lines to Jacksonand Battle Creek and to Pontiac and Flint Many de fense factories in these cities are counting upon this supply of nat ural A branch line will also be extended to Adrian for indus trial and residential When the strike halted the job last the line had been laid as far as the AdrianDeerfield approximately 12 miles east of The branch to Adrian will begin at a point near It is estimated that once the main line is laid as far as Holloway it will require a week or ten days to ay the fourinch branch line to a distance of eight NAZIS USE CHUTE TROOPS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May the Red army closing in steadily upon vital baKlefront dispat ches reported today that the Ger mans were hurling flying wedges of tanks and trailercarried troops into death traps in the Russian lines in a desperate attempt to break up the offensive now in its seventh Pravda reported that these Nazi counterattacks on wheels and as well as mass German parachute landings of as many as 120 troops at a had failed to check the impetus of the Russian thrust Already that drive has gained 12 to 37 miles over bloodstained bat tlefields littered with bodies of 000 German dead and the wreck age of war materials hard to re the Russians announced of British military sources said Marshal Timoshenkos armies were advancing on a 100mile front ex tending in an arc from 30 miles northwest of to 60 miles southwest of These sources said although stiffened German re sistance undoubtedly had slowed the Russian push in some it had been stopped no Pravda reported that the Ger mans were anks in constantly increasing num jers in an attempt to save Khar and safeguard the vulnerable southern The Communist party organ said in a single attack 150 tanks pulling armored trailers loaded with troops were hurled against Russian lines in attempt to break hrough to a besieged Nazi posi When the first attack was stop the Germans followed up with 15 others during the same day Pravda It reported that 18 tanks were destroyed in the first clash and 43 in the and said that where wedges were driven into the Russian lines they were smashed by intense antitank Reporting attempts to lane roops from the air in back of the Russian Pravda said that swarms of and 30 para chutists had been dropped in re cent operations but that two of werewiped out toa man before even reaching the Turn to Page 2 Broken German forces were reported in disorderly light before the Russian steamroller approaching strewing the wartorn steppes with aban oned materiel and their Another Russian col mn was reported headed into German resistance 60 miles southwest of Unconfirmed reports eached London that the Reds had breached Nazi May 18 oint ArmyNavy re iewing the progress of the war to asesrted Saturday that dur jig a period of preparation for of ensive a number of suc essful thrusts at the Japanese ad worked a lasting effect upon he strategic Among such it listed the laval raids on the Gilbert and larshall Wake tfarcus and the bombing f Japan It he destruction of Japanese ships n the battles of the Coral Sea and Macassar the feats of merican submarines in the Pa and the numerous raids by American planes Aus BUY UNITED STATES BONDS AND STAMPS 11 Reported Escape Unharmed May IS ff terrific explosion killed three men in the Hitchman Coal and iron Company mine early today and seriously burned two The company announced that 10 other miners in the affected area escaped They were at first reported The bodies of Harry Parks and Mike Polus were recovered but the rody of John Mojzer was still miss the company Daniel brother of Mike and Albert Valenbois were taken to a hospital with The men were clearing up a Sunday stone fall 2 miles from the mine The blast was heard a distance of 15 Livid tongues of flame shot from the entrance of the slope mine and were visible at three miles distant across the Ohio These ig nited the but this fire was quickly The force of the explosion caused large fissures in the earth flank ing the shaft into the The mine employs approximate ly 300 but one of three shifts 11 temporarily discontinued only a week 110 men work on a Service Clubs to Cooperate In Obtaining Pledges for War Bonds Adrians part in the nationwide campaign to get Americans to pledge a percentage of their earn ings to the purchase of war savings stamps anc bonds is get ting under way this Under the direction of George Lit city chair members of the Ex Rotary and Kiwanis Clubs and the Junior Chamber of Com merce are to reach every wage earner in the through their in an effort to enlist them behind the nations war The wage earners have been di vided into four groups for the the industrial and com mercial committee mem bers will ask the management o each firm to carry out the drive among the Members o the professional class will be inter viewed personally by committee A special committee is being organized to interview al retired persons and others who do not come in the other three cate The sub chairmen in charge o the drive are Ellis Berndt of the Junior Milton Nicolai o the Exchange Bart Schobe of the Kiwanis Club and Leslii Brown of the Rotary These chairmen will supervise the worl of their Turn to WAR Page 9 IN PLANE May 18 airplane crashed into a garage 01 the outskirts of Wichita Sunday killing all three occupants of th The victims were Ben Miller yorrespondent ror the Baltimor Sun Cecil 43 the and Williams Wichita Miller was one of 20 newspape men who had stopped at Wichita on an inspection tour of the coun trys war production The which had taken of only a few minutes crashe into a garage adjoining the horn of Dunn to the Forest Hill district just outside of the city and Dunn an their two children were in th home but none was RUSSIANS REPORT GAINS V jerman defenses at Lozovaya in an apparent drive to cut Ger man with Dnieperopetrovsk seen as the obvious objective of such flanking The Russians were reported streaming across the Donets River between Belgorod and Germans mean while reported the Russians had been hurled back in the Kerch peninsula Troops Moved Posts In First 3 Weeks of Conflict to The communique summarized var activities in only general and for the most part re ated facts which had been made available piecemeal to the public rom time to Troops Moved It contain some new details of the fighting that had aken and conclusions drawn rom Among these it aid During the first three weeks of the about American troops moved to battle many of them thousands of miles across the Atlantic and Pacific en route to the Philippines when the war broke were diverted to Australia and became the nucleus for American forces Midway Island is still in Amer ican The soldiers on Bataan were reduced toward the end to 15 ounces of food a man The normal daily ration is between five and onehalf and six pounds a The defense of the Philippines demonstrated the comparative weakness of the Japanese as an individual a factor which alone forbodes disaster for the enemy Japanese in the future when the battle is met on terms approaching Command Unified Reorganizational changes in the Army and Navy have unified command in every theater of and provided dose collab oration with allied Turn to Page 7 RAF HAMMERS FRENCH COAST May 18 In fresh sweeps across the channel for more than two hours early this morning the RAF continued today the ham mering of targets along the French coast from Dunkirk to Residents along the English coast heard heavy similar in power to those heard yesterday when the British engaged in some of their biggest sweeps of the year Yesterdays fliers ran into thei first real opposition in severa hundreds of fighters battlini for control of the sky over northen At least nine German planes and eight British were re ported the air ministry said that as a result of the pulverizini British raids last month on th German Baltic city of Rostock there had been a complete stop page of war Rostock was an important out let for war supplies for the Russian The ministry said that th Neptune Shipbuilding yard and sub factories of the Hetakel aircraf works there were reported heavil AUCTIONS May Public 10 miles wes of Adrian on AU auc See on Market Sunday Driver In East Stays Home By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Sunday driver all but dis appeared from the Atlantic sea board yesterday as the pinch of gasoline rationing was felt from to Some effects of the first Sun day under rationing Church attendance dropped in and reported no accident Street cars and buses were Parking lots were vacant The few motorists who did ven ure out found inspectors of the Office of Price Administration vaiting to warn them to garage heir cars unless bound on essen ial Others shared rides to golf oursesand beaches with travel around ha ions capital was cut police while that in Vir inia and Maryland 50 per Up New England a report rom Cape usual focal point or motorists at this time for the summed up the situation as to the number of tourists thus Below normal even for a mid winter Allies Exchange Blows With Enemy North of Aus tralia ALLIED Aus May 18 Japanese lanes were officially reported de troyed and three more damaged ver the week end as the allied air m BY RAFTOilPEDOES iravely Damaged As She Tries to Return to German Port From Trondheim 9 BRITISH PLANES LOST By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May British air which has been playing a deadly game of hide and seek with the 10000ton German cruiser Prinz Eugen for more than three caught upwith the elusive warship off southern Norway last night and engaged her in a running fight in which she apparently was gravely the air ministry announced First reports of the engagemen indicate that aerial torpedo hits were scored on the Prinz Eugen which evidently was trying to slip back to a German port from her refuge at where she has been hiding out after being damaged by a British a communique The air ministry reported thai the Prinz Eugen was escorted by four destroyers and a swarm o German fighter which ap parently tried desperately to ward off the British The British planes strafed thi decks of the destroyers with can non fire and shot down five of thi Nazi the ministry bu it acknowledged that nine Britisl planes had failed to return from the combat The size of the attacking British aerial force was indicated by the disclosure that it included Beaufor torpedocarrying Hudson Blenheim bombers anc Beau Turn to PRINZ Page PURSUING ALLIES TOKYO From Japanese Broad May 18 report ed today relentless Japanese pur suit of British and Chinese force still in Burma and Japanese force were said to have reached a poin within four miles of the Indiar Three hundred British soldier all but a third of one wer said to have been killed and th rest routed in a clash at Lalewa in northern 10 JAPANESE PLANES By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS After five months of enforced si nce during his internment in Ger Louis chief of e former bureau of the Associat Press in has reached the mtral soil of Portugal in a group Axisheld Americans being ex changed for enemy aliens who ere held In his first dispatch from Lisbon aturday he exposed the German eoples sad dismay at Hitlers eclaration of war on the United in a stark of ounting sacrifices demanded om the he discloses the ainful burden that declaration as added to the load already eighing them Almost a score of years of ser ce for the Associated Press in before and after Nazi in peace and have given ochner an extraordinary insight nto the their strength nd weakness and their 1939 awarded the Pulit er prize for distinguished service in foreign correspondence in rec gnition for his dispatches from Hitlers Greatest Blunder With his first freedom since ermany went to war with nited Lochner called that ecision Hitlers greatest He said that tothe Germans are eclaration of last December 11 was like an icecold shower leir leader was After his promise of the great st victory in history during 1941 year which cost Germany man ower estimated at iri luding ended he year by taking on a great new the one which gave the de cisive turn to the last just when the horrors of he Russian winter were unfolding o giving lie to the fic ion that the Fuehrer had foreseen very possible Ger many entered a war of machines orce exchanged blows with the enemy over New Guinea and the neighboring Louisiade Archipelago No allied plane losses were men ioned in communiques from Gen eral headquarters de ailing the Nine of the Japanese planes liste as destroyed were accounted for b allied raiders in three swift assault iaturday on the airdrome at Lae on the northeastern coast of New Bombs unloaded the eight enemy bombers on the grbunc and a Zero fighter was reporte shot down in The raids on Lae were describe unofficially as among the heavies ever launched by the Allies heater and it appeared eviden hey were trying to whittle down Japanese air strength to insure an other victory should an enemy flee again venture into the Coral Speculation on the possibility o a new Coral Sea battle was stirrec y Axis reports of Japanese and al led naval activity in adjacent wat The Tokyo radio said yesterday hat Japanese planes had stoppe strong United States naval forces consisting of the aircraf Hornet and es corted by cruisers and destroyers moving westward about 500 mile east of the Solomon Th changed course abruptl after being Tokyo An earlier relayed from Shanghai and broadcast by the Ger mancontrolled Paris said powerful Japanese fleet was sailin toward In another raid Saturday on De loyne Japanese seaplan base in the Louisiade Archipelag off the southeast tip of New lie Allies said they had damaged ig enemy Still another Japanese plane was shot down yesterday by allied fighi ers which repulsed a formation o nine Zeros which attempted to rai Port Moresby on the southern uinea a communiquS sai Antiaircraft fire was reported 1 have damaged two more of th and others interested in residential construction will have the oppo tunity to firsthand info mation concerning their businessi under the new defense housing d signation when Earl con suiting analyst of the Prioritie Field War Productio visits Adrian Allen explain the prio ities system to the various interes ed groups under a schedule ar ranged by secretary of the Chamber of Com Allen will make hi headquarters at the Commerce At all furnishers i materials will meet wil At contractp will have their and tian ware dealers will meet at At plumbers are and electricaldealerswill meet From 3 oclock until th general public will ask Allens visit is expected clear misunderstandings arhon members of the building trades co cerntog opportunities in t Adrian defense housing an make possible the goal of least 100 houses under constructio by September Is Growing Lochner vith the 1 mechanical Since the Germans have earned from Hitler himself that nother winter in Russia confronts hem and from his lieutenants Lochner they have hearc ne depressing fact after another opped by the warning of Labor Leader Robert Lew of com ing demands for more more more story precedes here eparate accounts conditions abroad by Edwin Shanke veterariAsso ciated Press foreign correspon By LOUIS LOCHNER May eclaration of war on the Unitee States brought the mos udden upward curve in rationing hat the German nation has ye the lie to the Ger man propaganda ministrys claim hat the United States entry into he war would be too late to affec ts There is perhaps no better way o demonstrate the manifest de terioration of the German econom e position than to enumerate tbj more important restrictions wi vere able to cull from the German iress during our internment in Bad Nauheim from the beginnini of 1342 to May These restrictions and regula ions follow in chronological order decree prohibited th exhibition hi show windows o oods not available in norma quantities for sale in the store shopkeepers had been com jelled to keep their windows at xactively decorated with sample to give an impression of economi All such pretense dropped four weeks after the Unit ed States entered the a onedisl field kitchen was made obli atory upon all restaurants fo Mondays and The pea le were told it was the healthies thing imaginable for rationing was tightened with the introduction o a smokers ration Wome over 25 were allotted half rations and the ration for men went down to three cigarettes or one thin ci gar daily in some tw cigarettes in other No Clearance Sales sales wer The real reason deal ers no longer had anything t The same day a drasti reduction in the number of passen ger trains was were warns not to make barter This decree was intended to curb blac market some mer chants preferring to barter thei wares for desirable goods held b customers rather than sell them for nightly blackou hours were revised to save elec tric were or dered to close at 10 to sav current and economize on ration of eggs fo the month of February was set a two a An inventory of po tatoes in private homes 4 as order ed with the understating tha those with reserves would not b allowed to purchase more for som previous exempt from ration restriction were included in list for whic clothing points were hotels were advis ed they could not accept guest for more than three consecutiv weeks or rent rooms for of fie Some persons had trie eir homes by taking warmhotel fairs and exposi ons in the enturiesold Leipzig fair were This was an admission iat German manufacturers had othing to offer and the transpor tion problem was becoming more purchase of mourn g clothes was restricted to tha osest relatives of the Dancing Forbidden was forbidden fen at private 17 Copper coins were ithdrawn from circulation and heap metal tokens were substi press announced iat many more enterprises pro ucing goods for civilian needs ould be converted into plants pro ucing solely for war Al eady some 80 per cent of civilian reductionhad been of petroleum save families orresponding with soldiers at the ront were told not to use enve Shoppers were urged to ring travel bags to stores to carry ome their Breslau and ther seats were removed jom street cars to permit the rowding of more people into al eady overburdened public ve the state of and presumably in other special ration cards for al oholic beverages were rations were re uced to grams about two unces a person each sale of womens ats was March were old to use ersatz leaves for the uter covering of March food ministry or lered a survey of all available ruck gardening space throughout March bottles used in ertain industries were made sub ect to special March were urged o bemost sparing and economical in the use of seeds during the pring March societies and benevolent institutions were warn d not to amass fortunes but to ceep their incomes liquid and at the disposal of the Collects Pols and Pans March collection of old and useless aluminum pots and pans was March applying for a special ration card was warned could expect a visit by an offi cial who would make certain the article was March slogan for the day was Plant more March Minister ioebbels announced that profiteers and barterers would be punished vith March planting purposes were put on the ration April rest for farm hands was suspended for the spring planting April building permits pre viously issued were revoked by the minister of The popu ation was urged to put away shoes and use wooden shoes until late April collection of medi cinal herbs was made a patriotic duty to recompense the country for loss of overseas April above 70 were old they might obtain a little more than a half pint of milk daily they gave up their meat allowance of 22 pounds April for civil ser vice employees and officials were generally Ten days later they were abolished com April greatest economy in travling was April were ration May leader Robert Ley told workers that the greatest sacrifices were still May council for munitions production was founded with the expectation of increasing war pro duction Turn to CONDITIONS Page Three Late Bulletins May 18 United States and the Republic of Panama signed a treaty at Panama today covering the use of defense areas in the republic by armed forc es of United which al ready have occupied The State Department said American troops occupied the areas by permission of the Theywill develop them as gun air plane detector bombing and auxiliary air largest of which is the Kio Hato Air some 80 miles southwest of the Panama to overcome thecoal shortage in May 18 M Legislation increasing the National Housing Administration insurance authority by to permit construction of new homes for war workers was approved by the Senate and sent to the House Larger loans would be permitted and repayments might be made on a basis of 25 rather than the present 20 under terms ot the a compromise between measures previously passed in each   

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