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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - May 16, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM FROST Weather Details oo Two 1942 PRICE 3 Rubber Shortage Is Government Emphasizes No Tires For War Workers AVAILABLE SUPPLY WILL GO FOR WAR Survey Shows One Adrian Factory Already Is Feeling Pinch of Shortage Although the Office of Emer gency Management and the War Production Board both have de clared emphatically that there will be no more rubber for private use during the war and that civilians are driving on the last tires they will get until the war a great many motorists havent yet accept ed the statement as They cant conceive that such a catastro phe is Particularly among defense in Detroit and probably other there is an at least a fond hope the government will look out for that somehow or oth tires will be like milk from the magic when the old ones wear out The Blind Spot Government agencies have tried to pound home the naked truth of the seriousness of the rub ber shortage with little Speaking in Detroit Wil Iam director of materials far the said he didnt be eve there would be any more rub ler for private use during the The Office of Emergency Manage ment has declared that millions of Americans otherwise quite aware of the problems we must face in this war have a single blind Without our entire internal economy must fail as surely as though it had been bombfd to Without oar armies actually be frozen in their A pertinent facts show how Eerious the rubber shortage The nation formerly obtained 98 per cent of its rubber supply from Maiaya and the Dutch East That source or supply is cut At the beginning of the year the nations rubber stock pile was Our normal con sumption is about all of which wUl be taken tills year for military for tires for rubber life rafts for rubber gasoline tanks for rubber treads for tanks and rubber tires far jeeps and Army This year we will get 000 tons from Latin America and tons from Synthet ic plants are being built but they wont be operating before late 1942 or 1943 and their supply also must go to military By that the crude rubber stock pile will be Cars Affected There isnt a chance in the world government officials explain to provide new tires for the nations each of which requires 70 pounds of crude The WPB can not possi bly sacrifice rubber for military use to supply tires for private not even the cars of defense work A survey taken among personnel officials in Adrians war plants shows that many defense workers here are living under the delusion that when the time their needs will be On the oth er they are cooperating in the sharetheride particular ly workers who drive to Adrian from nearby The share theride plan for city has not been fully de In the city and county as a whole motorists rapidly are becoming alert to the rubber shortage and the threat of gasoline Officers report that accidents are that the average high way speed is less and that fewer cars are on the But the survey shows there Is room for much Governments Problem A personnel manager at one Ad rian factory said that a few of the workers that he has talked with believe that this is the govern ments They intend to drive their cars until the tires drop off and then it will be up to the government to furnish more tires if they expect them to get to their defense Quite a few of the especially those living in nearby have adopted the sharetheride plan with the work ers taking turns transporting gcnups to he The same man pointed out that a large number of the automobiles that are parked around the factory every day belong to workmen living in Adrian whose cars can scarcely ha rated as essential to defense Shortage is Acute In another Adrian factory en gaged 100 per cent in defense work the tire shortage already is becom ing acute according to the person nel manager and the workmen are beginning to ask whatwill we do Turn to Page 6 SAILOR REPORTED MISSING Special 1o The Telegram May Wise has been notified by the Navy Department that his son Howard fireman second is reported Open Road Lonely Place These Days By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The open road is a lonely place these Oncejammed highways along the eastern seaboard had only a trickle of travelers as gasoline rationing clamped down Many filling stations had no gaso line at all as a result of the rush to beat the Others were certain to run out over the week Typical of the traffic situation was a report from New York state police at Troy which said hardly anybody was in sight on the More motorists traded in unlimit ed or high allotment ration cards and took smaller This prompted by criticism of the high percentage of requests for X was spurred by the Office of Price Administra tion in Washington revers ing its original prepared to nake public all rationing so that anyone could see who got what The only exception was personnel of military or law en forcement agencies whose duties require Broughton of North Carolina was seeking to have ra tioning relaxed in his de clared that gasoline brought in by pipeline was being transported in huge quantities to neighboring states not under the Canada felt the pinch of the shortage when rations for nonessential driving in the pro vinces of Nova New Bruns wick and Prince Edward Island were slashed to approximately two gallons a Thousands of automobiles in the eastern United States were tucked away for the New York City reported 10 per cent more cars in dead storage than a year New York used car dealers said sales virtually had ceased since announcement of the rationing gram and that prices wereoff251 to 35 per cent In the fire department strove to enforce an ordinance Egainst tsorage of more than one gallon of A Richmond judge fined a resident and said he was guilty of unpatriotic act in storing 15 gallons of In the same city two men weie sentenced to 30 days in jail for stealing 50 cents worth of 3 GERMAN SUPPLY SHIPS ARE SET AFIRE May 16 RAF Hudson bombers set fire to three German supply ships and hit sev eral others in attacks on two Ger man convoys off the Frisian Islands in the North Sea last the air ministry announced The British pilots raked the convoys from a low level dispite strong German a communi qu6 Five of the bombers failed to Drive Against Plan Starts After House Croups Action May 16 drive against proposals compelling joint income tax returns by hus bands and wives started less than 24 hours after the House Ways and Means Committee ap proved joint return plan which Congress rejected last The Treasury says joint returns would add to the na tions war Quick opposition among law makers from the nine community property states of Tex New Califor Nevada and Representatives West Gearhart RCalif other law makers from the nine states pre dicted they would be able to defeat the joint income tax Laws of those states provide that husband and wife have an equal interest in each others property and Thus if a man made yearly under such laws he and his wife might file separate re turns yearly es caping some of the surtax on high The House defeated the joint in come tax proposal last year by a roll call vote of 242 to An at tempt to restore it in the Senate failed before a vote was House committee approval yester day was 13 to The committee voted after re fusing to change the present law which exempts from federal tax ation the income from state and local It refused on two votes to make either outstanding or future issues subject to al though Secretary Morgenthau said the step was necessary to raise and to end the shel tered position of holders of such The prospects were that the committee would return on Mon day to Jthe question of individual income tax with a study of new schedules whkh Treasury and committee experts were asked to this week to reduce the present exemption for single persons from to and for married persons from to but decided not to tackle the question of rates un til complete statistics on revenue from a wide variety of percent ages were May 16 War Department officials said to day Henry Fords new Willow Run plane factory had started actual production of bombers for the Major General Alexander public relations limited the announcement to the bare fact the started some 13 months was in actual Battle Creek Sanitarium Will Become Army Base May 16 of meat and to encourage the worlds famous Battle Creek which grew from quarters in a farm house to a multimillion dollar in is to become an Army base hospital August This was disclosed here yesterday when District Attorney John acting in behalf of the War filed in federal court a declaration of taking against the sanitarium which was founded in 1866 as a water cure by a small band of Seventh Day The War Departments offer for the luxurious which has attracted patients from all parts of the was Al though the institution may not re sist the taking of its property it may object to the thus neces sitating court proceedings to de termine the fair A year after the Civil War a group of Seventh Day whose world headquarters then were in Battle opened a water cure in a farm house un der the name of the Health Reform Among this group was Kel father of John Harvey who in 1876 changed the name of the Health Institute to Battle Creek Sanitarium when he became medical and who was cashier of the institution until he founded the breakfast food industry which bears his UndeT Kelloggs guidance the sanitarium flourished and its fame In 1902 it was de stroyed by fire and rebuilt Kellogg clung to the Advent ists opposition tomeat or stimu including and none is served at the Smoking is forbidden on the To find the eating of whole Kel logg introduced scores of new foods and established his own the Battle Creek Food One of the patients was who began his own ex and who founded the Postum Cereal Four different schools which op erated in connection with the sani tarium were formed into Battle Creek College in In 1927 the operating under a benevolent association with Kellogg as medical bonded itself for in addi tion to an existing to build a 15story tower and a fourstory Six years later the college was closed and the sanitarium entered a lengthy period of litigation and receivership which culminated with acceptance of a reorganization plan by the federal court in 1938 under which management was vested in a board of trustees with Kellogg as In Battle now said the sanitarium would continue to operate until August 1 when it will be moved to nearby Of the offered by the would be used to liquidate a for unpaid and an undetermined amount for other An appraisal in 1937 fixed assets of the sanitarium at Late Bulletins Unoccupied May 16 chief ol gov announced Vichy had informed today that Washington officially that it could not accept the United States conditions re garding the status of AMONG Y CHURCH SPEAKERS Destruction Is Rained On Run way and Building Area Fred Freeman John Schutz Two of the six oustanding leaders in Michigan work who will occupy the pulpits of Adrian churches Sunday to start the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Adrian are shown Fred Freeman of Detroit is the state secretary of the association and John Schutz of Detroit is secretary of the northern branch of the state Freeman will speak at the morning services of the Baptist Church while Schutz will occupy the pulpit of the Presbyterian Other speakers will be Lester general secretary of the Ann Arbor who will speak at the Free Methodist Church James Dickson De troit business will occupy the pulpit of the Episcopal Church Dennis retired secretary now with the state will speak at the Methodist Church and George secretary of the Jackson will be heard at the Church of Christ The speakers and their families will be guests of the celebration commit tee Sunday noon at a dinner to be served in the Adrian College dining The observance of the anniversary will continue Tuesday night with a banquet at the association building and an address by Cameron of the Ford Motor Jap Attempt At Lightning Conquest of Chinas Yunnan Province Apparently Failure LARGE FIRES ARE STARTED THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ALLIED May down from the skies in a sudden attack which apparently caught the Jap anese Allied bombers rained destruction yesterday on the enemy air base at north eastern New General Mac Arthurs headquarters announced All the bombs dropped on the runway and building and large fires were a com munique1 The raid followed up two Allied assaults on the Japanese base at New which lies almost 400 miles to the Allied headquarters made no mention of further Japanese raids on Port Allied outpost in southern New which has been attacked almost daily of Australian Army Minister Fran cis Forde that Japanese planes flying over Port Moresby on had dropped 395 letters from Australians held prisoners of war by the invaders n the mandated territory of New The letters since have seen forwarded to the addresses Forde The mandated territory of New Guinea includes northeastern New the Bismarck Archi New the Admiral ty Islands and the Solomon group all of which the Japanese have established By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May Japanese apparently have failed in an attempt at lightning conquest of Chinas Yunnan thanks to a defiant Chinese gover nor who rallied his weakening troops and to daredevil Chinese and American fliers who ruled the The story of how a Japanese push stalled near Paoshan a week leaving the enemy with a expensive campaign still to fight came today from aces of the American Volunteer Group who were in the These flying Tigers gave the laurels to Governor Lung a former Chinese warlord and trust ed confidante of General Chiang They said he organized a successful defense of the pro Senators Refuse to Waive Special Privileges May 16 Publicity for all gasoline card holders was in order today as ra tioning of the precious motor fuel swung into the second day in At lantic coast Falling into line with President Roosevelts press conference opin ion that the type of cards issued should be a matter of public Price Administrator Leon Hender son decided that the confidential status is to be He decreed that local rationing boards make available all the records as soon as There was no immediate reaction to the order from Capitol Tur moil over X granting unlimited amounts of died down after the Senate rejected 66 to 2 yesterday a resolution by Senator Downey under which members of Congress would have pledged themselves to waive special gasoline Why not Was the Presidents answer to a question whether the type of rationing card a motorist got should be a matter of public At the same time William Wills of made public a letter from Roosevelt in which the Chief Executive agreed with Willss statement that there had been conflicting reports on the gasoline in making public at Mont pelier the Presidents letter quoted him saying it was the patriotic duty of every person to avoid con flict in statements of fact and that most of the nations with which we are now at war for survival would handle this problem very by AIRMEN DELIBERATELY SACRIFICE THEIR LIVES TO SPARE CIVILIANS May 16 W Five airmen who deliberately sac rificed their own lives by diving their bombloaded plane into a gravel pit rather than risk civilian lives by attempting a landing in a thickly populated residential area had names inscribed today on the armys roll of They were awarded the Distin guished Service Cross posthumous Those honored induded Second Lieutenant Charles Van Eewen of the The bomber took offfrom Mitch el last January 1 on a tactical One of the two missing on the failed completely two miles east of the field at an altitude of 500 feet Unable to maintain altitude un less the load was re lease of the tht crew decid ed to dive the plane into a gravel vince almost stiffening the leadership of the scattered Chi nese Sixth Army retreating from the Shan states of An advance enemy detachment had raided the environs of Paoshan itself when the governor assumed the military Within 48 the American fliers the Japanese had been driven back from the Salween Riv er and even although the in vaders have been Chungking reports that the Chin ese still hold the west bank of the river in strength and the Japanese still are 55 miles from which is on the Burma Road about 125 miles from the Burma Suffer Casualties The Chinese Central News Agency said today the invaders had suffered more than casualties in the Tough Governor Lung was re ported to have ordered tHe execu tion of a disgraced former Sixth Army general when he ignored an opportunity to commit it was Lung directed the annihilation of 300 Japanese whose raid on Paoshan had been Cheered by a virtual ringside view of American and Chinese fliers bombing Japanese positions along the Salween May 6 and dispersed Chinese troops on the bank reorganized with fresh closed in on the en emy from all Turn to Page 2 CALLS IOPS IN FIELD Olds Terms Flying Fort resses Best In World May 16 The United States Air Force never will be equalled in the big bomber thinks Robert whose experience with the air giants dates back to the first fourmotored bombers ever used by any air There isnt a long range bomber in use on any front in the war to day that is the equal of the Fly ing the 46yearold Gen eral asserted at a press conference in connection with his taking over command of the Second Air The job of the Air Force is to develop the creivs to match the ex cellence of the build the greatest long range fighting machine in the he Planes and instruments are built to clocklike precision and they have to be handled that way to get the most from Thats what weve got to Asked if he believed the Axis could develop planes to equal the he replied quickly Cer and added But when they well have something Something so much itll take them five years to catch He made it plain he doesnt think the Axis or any other nation is likely to bring out something In the immediate future that will top the Flying General a lieutenant colonel accepted delivery at Boeing factory inSeat tle of one of the first fourmotor ed planes ever used by a military Back at the Second Bombard ment Group at Langley Field he and his comrades set out to learn the technique that hasmade American bombers the hottest in the We flew back and forth across the country every conceiv able he Alone and in until we knew without question what the bombers would That five years has given us an edge thatcan never be taken ATLAE AIR BASE Holland Tulip Festival Opens HOLLAND May is 14th annual Hollandtulip festival opened with a distinct war ime atmosphere of the unique floral predicted the tire shortage and weekend work in war plants would cut pre vious opening day crowds by at east 40 per He said about visitors were The firstday program included the traditional street scrubbing the colorful yolks wooden shoe street dancing ind evening concert that will feature the Northwestern Univer sity The central theme of the were reported in peak con dition by the local An unusually warm spring brought most of the plants in the vicinity into bloom several days and thegrowers said the ma jority of the blossoms would last through May when the festival will Two big lake boats which will serve as hotels during the pageant were moored at Lake Macatawa piers and two other steamers were scheduled to bring visitors from Chicago and Milwaukee over the week In another step to save the tires of guests the Hollanders had round ed up all available bicycles and horsedrawn vehicles to provide transportation through the tulip Figure Is An nounced By City Assessor A million dollar increase in the citys valuation was indicated today when City Assessor Howard Swift announced the assessed val uation figure taken from the recently completed tax This 1942 figure compares with last years valuation set by the board of review of The citys exact valuation for 1942 will not be determined until the board review rolls scheduled to start May As assessed by the value of real estate in the city in creased or about four per cent during the last Personal property in the city showed a larg er increase of or nearly 20 per cent over last years The real valuation as assessed is and the personal pro perty is Swift said that general property improvement and in some instances increased land values were responsible for the May 16 days crop of soldiers has a scien tific sulfa drugs guarding against the epidemics that swept through training camps of the last Amazing cures effected in cases of spinal killed hundreds in World War Army described at the third region meeting of the American Academy of Since sulfanilamide first was prominently five years it and other sulfa derivatives have brought about recoveries in 90 per cent of certain types of meningitis Benjamin Carey of Pearl Before these drugs were there was a mortality rate of near ly 50 per cent in such Under present we may have to deal with epidem ics and the sulpha drugs will be ex ceedingly especially In training observed Cur tis associate professor of medicine at Western Reserve At the same Garvin said toxic reactions from use of sulfanilamide and related drugs were but seldom danger Patients administered the drugs should be seen he Successful use of the sulfa drugs in treating certain sinus and ear was described in papers by Henry Helm holz of Mayo Clinic and James Maxwell of the University of Michigan Medical CHANGES ANNOUNCED IN BUSINESS DISTRICT BY 3 ADRIAN FIRMS Three changes in the Adrian bus ness district were announced to day by garage dealers and the Kewaunee Manufacturing Com Kelley announced that he will retain the front of 217 West Maumee his pres ent garage but that the rear will be occupied by the Ke waunee companys industrial seat ing The Kelley garage fa cilities andequipment will be mov ed to 223 Maumee a location now occupied by the Pick ford Motor The Pickford Mo tor sales will move to 516 North Main Enemy Sub Attacks Ship Off Rivers Mouth NEW May 16 enemy has brought warfare for the first time in 80 years to the lower the historic battle ground where the worlds first iron clad warship appeared and where last a foreign invader trod United States An Axis Uboat which sneaked into the Gulf of Mexico torpedoed a large American cargo vessel a mile and a half off the mouth of the killing 27 An explo sion on a jetty or reinforced bank river itself was attributed to a stray first hos tile pi ojectile to strike the United States Gulf coast since the Civil The cargo vessel was the fifth attained aruithefourthrsunkin the gulf by Uboats during the The which occurred last was announced here yesterday by the eighth naval dis It was at the mouth of the Mis sissippi that the Confederate the first ironclad fight ing led a southern mos quito fleet that routed a union squadron and temporarily ended the blockade of New Orleans late in 1861 It was on the banks of the Mis sissippi below New Orleans that Andrew Jackson and his motley army of buc caneers and free Negroes turned back the British in the last time a foreign foe ever fought on United States home The torpedoed vessel burned for six hours and sank in about 100 feet of water after members of the 41man crew who were about to escape leaped over the vessels windward All the survivors but one were seriously I knew I was a goner till I called on the Lord and He an swered the declared Her bert 23yearold seaman of The who leaped over board when the smoke and flames parted and a way was cleared to the port After the men got into the Mike of least seriously burned of the sur was credited with holding up Burt MacDowell of and Turner Hanley of Morales until they were taken aboard a rescue Kuzma did it with out a life NEW JAP ASSAULT Expected On Burma Back Door Route to India May 16 forces in Burma were reported to day digging in to repel a fresh Jap anese assault on the northern Bur ma back door to India while wounded soldiers and others who have had to abandon their equip ment were being moved through mountain passes into The RAF gave support to the weary defenders of Burma with a destructive attack from high and low levels on the airdrome at Japaneseheld port on the Bay of Bengal about SO miles be low the Indian official re ports A British source declared that the Japanese troops thrusting to ward India made contact with the British in the upper Chindwin River valley north of enemyheld Burma and an attack is Shwegyin is about 50 miles from the nearest point of the BurmeseIndian bor AUCTIONS May Public 10 miles west of Adrian on AU auc See Market Reports to London Indicate Street Fighting Going On In Citys Suburbs RUSSIANS CROSS DONETS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May de fenders of Kharkov werereported ousted from a further series of firing lines and many communities today despite strong armored wreckage marked their roads of before the tankpaced legions of Marshal Semeon Unconfirmed dispatches to Lon don said there was streetfighting in northeastern suburbs of Khar reported seat of Field Mar shal General Fedor Von Bocks southern and that the Russians now were crossing the Donets River on a 70mile front between Belgorod and Zmiev for the widening The army Red said the German high command had planned to launch a spring of fensive of its own on the Kharkov front and was sending considerable reserve forces to the most menaced points for local it had failed to achieve the expected The information bureau an nounced that our troops destroy ed 255 damaged more than 250 tanks and brought down 40 enemy planes and the Kharkov offensive was declared to be de veloping Cemetery of Tanks A Kharkov front correspondent of Pravda wrote that a battle of armored forces had left one field a cemetery of German Guerrillas were reported striking heavily at the withdrawing Stubborn fighting was reported to have continued overnight on the Kerch where Red army men seek to hold a potential springboard to the There was no immediate ment from Moscow on a German high command assertion that Axis forces had captured both the town and harbor of the peninsu las major Red Star reported that Russian planes in the Kharkov offensive had blowdrup the of longNazi block a silenced antiaircraft guns by and reduced trucks er to a burning and twisted German airmen attempted to in but 14 of their planes were downed in air Red Star Nazi tanks were re ported since to have been moved in small utilizing available shelter in forests and Tass told of incidents in which about Germans were but there was no tabulation of to tal casualties and hundreds of oth ers were said to have Captured orders of the 610th Reserve Infantry Regiment dis closed planes for destruction of river bridges and munitionsstores in the but the Ger mans failed to blow up the spans and they abandoned both guns and ammunition when the Russians Tass A large number of prisoners has been the Russian informa tion bureau reported at Our troops have captured motor ammunition dumps and warehouses of war materials and Foes Losses Tremendous German losses were described as Stubborn battles were said to have continued through the night on the Kerch where Red army troops have yielded ground before General Von Man nsteins GermanRumanian assault to the Red army de tachments on the Leningrad front were said to have wiped out enemy troops in three days and destroyed two field six block houses and a torpedo Scouts operating at the enemy rear on the general front have wrecked four enemy army trains and more Germans lost their lives in the it was German materiel losses were Our troops destroyed 255 damaged more than 250 tanks and brought down 40 enemy said the information bureaus com The implication was that all this equipment was knocked out in the first three days of the battle for key German bastion in the Donets before which reservebolstered Red army veter ans were declared yesterday to have won strategic Conflicts in the Crimea to the south were dismissed by the mid night cominuniquS with a sen tence During May 15 on the Kerch Peninsula our troops continued stubborn fighting against the The British Reuters new agency said German forces had temporar ily occupied part of the strait port of but that they were run by a counterattack of artillery and infantry launched from 10 miles to the northeast This report was date lined on German Turn to Page
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