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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - March 12, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Fair K Two MARCH 1942 PRICE 3 BRAZIL CONFISCATES First Action Taken in Retalia tion for Sinking of 4 Bra zilian Ships SHE MAY DECLARE WAR By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS RIO DE March 12 president Getulio Vargas today de creed confiscation of part of the property and funds of Axis citizens and firms in The decree was the first action taken against Axis nationals as retaliation for the sinking of four Brazilian and there was a widely held belief this might prove the preliminary to an eventual declaration of Brazil bfbke off diplomatic relations with Ger Italy and Japan on Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aran ba said Brazil views the situation with calmness and but he added grimly The government will take all necessary steps to safeguard the Welfare of the country and observe commitments to hemisphere de Observers believed that President Getulio Vargas and Foreign Min ister Aranha would avoid actual war as long as possible while tak ing reprisals for attacks upon ship ping and the loss of Brazilian Sailings of Brazilian merchant men to the United States were sus pended yesterday and all vessels en route were ordered to fiome or put into the nearest port as a result of the latest announced sink Blames 5th Columnists The O blamed the sinkings on fiftii it have spread along the whole coast and are supplying Hit lers A roundup of dangerous elements has been under way since Brazil severed relations with the Axis powers last day of the PanAmerican Axis ftirds have been frozen since and it is probable that they Will be one of the tirst targets of the expected confiscation Turn to Page 17 I OHIO MEN HELD FARM THEFTS Duane 28 years and Everett brothers who live near Liberty were arrested near Clayton about 8 oclock yesterday evening and were taken to the county jail to face charges of larceny and break ing and Officers who made the arrest arid had been working on the case said that the two young men had ad mitted being involved in a number of including the stealing of 35 bushels of soy beans from the Orson Leader farm in Ogden town ship and a new set of harness from the Claude Ranger farm in Medina Officers in Lenawee county and in Fulton and Henry had been working on the case for some time after the out break of thefts in those Those who made the arrests were Deputy Sheriff Elmer Btate police from the Blissfield post and a special Ogden Reports Per Cent Tax Collection Frank treasurer of Ogden reported yester day to the county treasurer that per cent of the townships total tax levy of for 1941 was collected with only in de Only ten people in the township failed to pay their taxes on This percentage of tax collec tions is the highest in Lenawee county since 1920 when Ogden township had a 100 per cent col always a leader in eax also had a ban ner year in 1928 when only two persons failed to pay on But those two had taxes totaling and they brought the 1928 tax collection percentage down to Riga which annually competes with Ogden in tax col was almost as good this Township Treasurer William Schwynn reported yesterday a 99 per cent collection with only 13 failing to pay on aggregat ing The Eiga tax levy was The tax collection percentage for both Ogden and Riga last year was Annual tax collection reports were being made at the county treasurers office today by the Te cumseh and Maeon township trea The Palmyra and Seneca township treasurers are scheduled to make their reports CARLOADINGS DECLINE March 12 The Association of American Rail roads reported today that cars of revenue freight were loaded during ending last This was a decrease of or per compared with the preceding week an increase of or per com pared with a year and an in crease of or 2i2 per compared with THE RIVER RAISIN FLOODS LOWLANDS Lowlands and flats along the course of the River Raisin have been flooded during the last few days as a result of the heavy rains and The high water has come earlier than usual this Typical of the flood conditions which prevail all along the river is this scene taken yesterday at the Raisin Val ley bridge four miles north and east of The water has come to within five feet of the floor span of the So far no damage from high water has been COMMITTEE Starts Investigating Spanish Falangist Activity in South America March 12 The Dies Committee has been re newed for nine months and has started an investigation of Spanish Falangist fascist activities in South The House voted 331 to 46 yes terday to extend the committees life from March 31 to next Janu ary and Chairman Martin Dies announced that he would ask for for its HOW THEY VOTED Marsh 12 Twelve of Michigans 17 repre sentatives voted with the majority yesterday as the House passed legislation to continue the Committee investigating unAmer ican The vote Democrats Republicans Brad Democrats against The Falangist investigation had been considered by the committee since a Thomas R made a personal study of the situation and submitted his information to the LThis committee sources showed a well organized movement among influ ential families in LatinAmerican countries and in Porto Rico for restoration of Spanish Whether committee investigators actually have left for Porto Rico or elsewhere was kept but a committee source said the in vestigation actually is under not in an office in but at a place where firsthanc leads can be Dies himself said the appropriation since the committee on unAmerican ac tivities was created in necessary to continue investiga tions already undertaken or con Although under the tire ration ing regulations a large number ol people are eligible for passenger car retread no such tires are available for rationing this month because the OPM did not set up a March quota for passenger re Harry county ra tioning said today Bradley also pointed out tha it appears most improbable tha a quota will be issued for April in view of the fact that the War Pro duction Board did not authorize production of camelback in passen ger car sizes in The only March quotas which federal au thorities have authorized for re treads apply to trucks and busses We have had a flood of applica tions from passenger car owners who believe they can have their tires he It woulc save their time if they understood that in spite of the fact they are eligible for no quota has been made Manufacturers Present Tax Program March 12 ff The National Association of Manu facturers suggested a 000 tax program to Congress to featuring a sales tax and moderate increases in in dividual and corporation The present ed to the House Ways and Means Committee by Cheever chairman of the NAM government finance called for only onethird of the increases in in dividual and corporate tax rates proposed by Secretary Morgen and contemplated making up the difference through either a manufacturers or retail sales tax which Morgenthau forthrighOy For Cowdin pro posed a combined normal and war tax of 36 per compared with the Treasurys 55 per and a 100 per cent excessprofits compared with the Treasurys ommendation for graduated rates starting at 50 per cent on the first He said that the NAM recom mendations would yield 000 in corporate Warning against what he said was the obvious danger that ex cessive taxes will cause a slack ening our war Cowdin told the committee corporate war tax pro gram will require sacrifice on the part of whose divi dends will have to be curtailed to meet taxes and the demands upon business to carry increased inven tories and maintain higher produc Out of the 6 billion estimated to remain after only about half can be reasonably to be paid to stockhold Turn to Page 2 March 12 bombers operating from their new bases in central Burma have car ried out their second heavy attack within 48 hours on the Japanese occupied port of accord ing to an RAF communique re layed today by the AllIndia The raid was staged the communique with enemy positions the chief target The apparent lull in the land fighting was borne out by the fact that there was no new report from army A British mili tary commentator in how said fighting doubtless will follow in central where British imperial troops have drawn from the Irrawaddy River delta and are consolidating with Chinese SEES NO SETTLEMENT OF Gandhi Says Britain Must Confess Imperialism Crime and Undo It March 12 OP the British governments announcement of plans for post war dominion status for the supreme leader of Hindu National Mohandas professed today to see no sign of settlement for the Indian The frail little man who re nounced the title of Mahatma saintly one and even formal lead ership of the AllIndia Congress said in an interview that Britain must confess the greatest crime against he de fined as undo it Replying to the what should the British government do immediately to settle the Indian problem Gandhi said You put a difficult if not awk ward I hold extreme views about the British connec In spite of my love for the I think their imperialism has been the greatest crime against The immediate thing there fore that the British government should do is confess the wrong and undo Of the undoing there is yet no sign visible in the Indian Yet I cannot help thinking that before Britain can claim moral superior ity she must take this first Then all else follows as day fol lows I will not make im pertinent suggestions by way of practical Their the British conviction of the wrong will show the At Mohammed All Jin president of the AllIndia Moslem reiterated today that the only solution of the Indian problem acceptable to his organi zation would be Indias division into autonomous Hindu and Moslem leader of Indias minor ity of made no direct reference to the forthcoming visit of Sir Stafford Cripps as special envoy of the British war cabinet to determine whether the cabinets plan for eventual domin ion status for India will But he asserted that the British government must not be stam peded into adopting a settlement which will prejudice or militate in any way against the Moslem de mand for Indias GERMANS ESCAPE March 12 and police hunted to day for two German prisoners ol both who escaped from a prison camp near here last They are Frederick who made his first break on 30 in a laundry truck but was captured an hour and Sig ward Their escape was discovered about last Move to Aid Families of Those Missing or Held by Enemy Lull Continues In Bataan War March 12 yp The War Department in one of the briefest communiques of the war reported today that the lull in fighting on the Philippines Batan Peninsula It was the fourth consecutive day that the reported absence of activity on the fighting front AUCTIONS March on Drake Auction See on Market March Auction north of See on Mar ket March 12 IP Acting under authority of a newly enacted Army and Navy offi cials sought today to remove any possibility of financial distress among families of American sol sailors and marines captured by the enemy cr reported The empowering the Secre taries of War and Navy to order dependency allotments from salar ies of men captured or was signed by President Roosevelt earlier this and officials said many cases of real or potential hardship were expected to be quickly corrected Salary allotments constitute the basic arrangement by which men in the armed services may provide for their families while they are away on An officer or en listed man stationed at for would in these leave his family this this Out of his pay a he would allot possibly for their support This allotment would be sent to them directly by the government and the mans own monthly check would be for only thirtyfive While man has control of his own the making of a regu jlar allotment is entirely up to Once he falls into the hands of the or is intern ed in a neutral country or ship wrecked or strandedon some re mote the new law takes control of his It provides that in cases where no allotment has been or the one in force was the Sec retary of Navy may make an orig inal allotment out of a mans sal ary or raise or lower the one al ready in effect Allotments also may be made to pay for insurance If a man is his pay con tinues for six Unless his whereabouts or his death has been definitely established at the end of that it goes on another six months before the 12month legal limit is reached and a final settle ment is made on the assumption of the mans INI me MOST GAINS Enemys Losses Bound to Greatly Concern How Says Hart DEFENSE WONT WIN WAR By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS March In a report on naval action in the first three months of the Ad miral Hart yesterday credited Jap anese air superiority with a major share iif their The enemy has been able to em Joy landbased planes throughout all his said the ormer Asiatic fleet commander and former commander of allied naval forces in the Western Hemi s The final salient feature of this campaign is that while the enemy has won captured much terri his own expenditures have been The compilations made by the Navy Department are jood as already given show losses in ships of various which with the enemys lim ited capacity for are bound to be a subject for his great future the allies also had losses but with the ex ception of the Repulse and the Prince of Wales British capital they are not serious from a comparative Has Lost Campaign The American Asiatic fleet has been involved in the loss of a cam But the war continues and most of that with what is now a veteran remains to assist in carrying it Harts recital left no doubt among his hearers in his view at Americas first big task in reconquering the western Pacific must be to concentrate overwhelm ing air power At the same press Admiral Ernest supreme naval told the reporters that he subscribed to the idea that defense will not win this he weve got to have more more more and meantime we must do the best we can with what weve got who was relieved his command because of ill has just returned to Knox press conference to His statement was the first of ficial exposition of Japans western Pacific It was a recital of almost constant but eyes flashing and head held high over his oldfashioned stiff told it with proud em phasis on the Asiatic fleets accom plishments against overwhelming Air Hart en abled the enemy to sink the Re pulse and the Prince of Air power also made it for the enemy to destroy allied naval thereby compelling those forces to retreat ever south ward in search of He told how the enemy found by aerial what American ships were and how those ships had to operate almost con stantly against enemy airplanes as well as surface Turn to Page 17 By FRED VANDEBSCH5UDT NEW March 12 mulative military and political evi dence indicates the imminence of highly important operations cen ering about the area between the desolate North Cape at the top if Norway and the cruel granite cliffs of the Russian Mur mansk Major air and navaloperations already are under involving capital British tor edo planes undoubtedly operat ng from an aircraft other Sritish warships and United Na ions These cannot be explained en tirely by the routine movement of American and British supplies to More than one compe tent analyst is considering wheth er the western Allied powers will ound a wedge of wellequipped power into the top of Europe when he midnight sun shines this com ng Free a review of inter national affairs published in Lon Spotted and Attacked By Brit ish Torpedo Planes March 12 IP The superdreadnaught Tir ghost ship of the German has been spotted at at tacked by British torpedo and chased to refuge in the admiralty announced The bare facts of this first known battle with Germanys newest and finest battleship were contained in a fivesentence com munique which suggested that strong naval forces of both sides were operating off The Nazis in this case risked the Tirpitz and probably others of their best warships in a futile at tempt upon a British Qual ified sources said the convoy was a large one carrying war materials to The BBC in a broadcast heard by CBS said that since the Tir pitz was seen in the arrival of a big British convoy in Russian carrying and food for the Rus sian army has been Smoke Screens Ship The admiralty communique said As a result of reconnaissance il became known that the German battleship Tirpitz had left Trond heim Norway and was proceed ing in a northerly direction up the coast of On the morning of Monday March the Tirpitz was locatec and attacked with torpedoes by naval aircraft It was not possible to observe in detail the result of this attack but the Tirpitz was last seen retir ing under cover of a heavy smoke screen the Norwegian coast Our surface forces did not suc ceed in making contact with the but an attempt to attack our convoy was Two of our aircraft did not re turn from the attack on the Tir Japanese Invasion Fleet Wrecked In Two Days Of Violent Air Attacks NEW ALLIED BATTLE FRONT IS INDICATED GERMAN TROOPS IN RED PUSH Positions North of Smolensk Menaced By Smashing Russian Offensive By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS March positions in the whole vast area north of Smolensk have been en dangered by smashing Russian of fensive blows which have inflicted tremendous losses of muni food and frontline Red army dispatches reported to A special statement listed Nazi troops killed in the Kalinin sector alone between 5 and March But the dispatches from the front asserted the 16th German which already had suffered casualties in the Staraya Russa had lost additional thousands in the last few while the advancing Russians have captured eleven new including two district in this Turn to Page 2 j said today that an Allied pring offensive in the west should lave a good chance of for lie forces now concentrated in the British Isles presumably are tronger than those the Germans disposed from o Good Spot for Attack This commentary declared that both military and political reasons commended Norway as a spot where the Allies could strike with overwhelming It added that control of upper Scandinavia would give the United Nations a convenient link with Russia hrough Finland and would put hem in position to strike direct y into the heart of An offensive at the top cf Eu might well be the extra con Tibution to Russias cause which he Soviet Union gives every evi dence of There is plenty to win A successful push could wipe Finland from the open and protect the whole Allied lussian supply line via the excel ent port of Murmansk and rees tablish the Allies in Norway where hey could organize and supply in creasing resistance fay the popula A common fighting front could be thrown quickly across the thin tip of Fin land and this front in time might provide just the impetus which the Russians need to turn the whole German northern flank and collapse it upon the Baltic States and East Prussia Turn to NEW Page 2 STATElPREPlD House Tackles New Features of Agriculture Bill March 12 ff The House tackled today con troversial features of the 000 agriculture appropriations after the farm bloc warded off an attack on its plan to prevent sale of governmentheld surplus crops below parity Economy advocates demanded cuts all along the line as huge al them for loans and grants to rehabilitate needy up for ac The House ended its eighth debate on the fiscal bill yester day by 116 to to retain a rider preventing the Commodity Credit Corporation from using any of its allotment for ex penses connected with sale of sur plus stocks below The rider previously had been modified to permit release of de teriorated corn and wheat below parity to feed livestock and make industrial and of cotton in connection with the Agriculture Departments new uses program But some farm spokesmen ob viously remained concerned ovei whether the action would be enough to prevent release of the large reserve of surplus anc to block any move to hold down rising prices by dumping surpluses on the President Roosevelt already has indicated his unwillingness to see farm prices He cautioned the nations farmers in a radio address three days ago that increased pric es would contribute to the dangers of Can Sound Alert in Every City and Village When Advised Attack Is Likely March 12 igan can be but not un expectedly if the Army once flashes an attack says a formal report to the State Defense The state is prepared to sound an alert to every city and village minutes after the War Depart ment notifies Governor Van Wag Jner of a likely enemy aerial thrust into Don ald state commander of the Citizens Defense dis closed As Michigans commanderin Governor Van Wagoner would relay the warning to State Police Commissioner Oscar Leonard and an emergency signal immediately would crackle over the state po lice radio District commanders would di rect the warning to their posts which in turn would notify police and sheriff departments in their It may sound Olander told the State Defense but actually it will not require more than eight or ten calls at post He said police chiefs and sheriffs already have been notified of the plan and that it would be made operative this Turn to Page 2 AMERICAN BOMBERS AID INJAAE RAIDS At Least 13 Japanese Trans ports Put Out of Action off New New Guinea By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS March 12 Two days of violent air attack which littered the Japanesewon beachheads of New Guinea with the wreckage of an invasion armada and battered potential Japanese bases gave direly threatened Aus tralia valuable hours today to mus er fighting power for a stand on ler own Japans first spearhead appar ently was blunted by the fierce aerial blows yesterday at hangars and runways of Salamaua and following up the aerial onslaught the day before which burned or beached at least seven ships and brought to at least 13 the number of Japanese transports put out of action off New Guinea and New There no word of new action today to indicate the next turn of the nor any further news of a second strong Japanese convoy last reported head ed for Port capital of New only 300 miles from the Australian The blows by the RAAF bol stered by big United States bomb ers were believed to have seriously dislocated the Japanese invasion to Intensify Attacks One spokesman declared that the Japanese would take an ever hard er pounding as they came further into effective range of fighters and bombers based on northern Aus He said that the attacks yester day and the day before when seven Japanese ships were officially re corded as put out of action were only a The Australians said two more ships were believed damaged in the Tuesday T JAILED FOB SMOKING JERSEY March 12 New York was sent to jail for 30 days in default of a fine today when he appeared before Judge John Flaherty in second criminal court on a charge of smoking on the waterfront He was arrested yesterday under a new ordinance which provides for a maximum fine of or 90 days in jail for Hughley de nied his cigaret was Ickes Urged to Cut Consump tion OneFourth March 12 Gasoline ration cards threatened today to be next on war problem list for the Easts motor already worrying over the mileage left in their The oil industry proposed to Petroleum Coordinator Ickes that consumption be cut onefourth by a rigid ration card to cope with an acute supply condition re sulting from the sinking or diver sion of tankers which haul oil from gulf ports to the Recognizing that perfection of a card system might require weeks the industry report recommendec that Ickes employ an interim pro effective cur tailing by 25 per cent the gasolim supplies for the areas serv ice with each retailer ap portioning the available fue among his the industry askec that all these service stations be put under a 7 curfew that fuel oil deliveries be cut anc that the worlds largest pipeline system be built from the southwesl to the NewYorkPhiladelphia Prompt action was promised by but he said late yesterday that he could not predict to what extent we shall follow the indus trys He de scribed the Easts supply situation as very The seaboard area embraces 17 states and the District of Turn to Page 2 A United States announcement yesterday logged the seven Jap anese ships to the credit of Ameri can air forces in Australia and military sources in Washington predicted that American action would focus in heavy bomber at tacks on Japanese armada near the approaches to Turn to Page 17 ITALIANS CLAIM BRITISH NAVAL UNIT ATTACKED ROME from Italian broadcasts March 12 British cruis ers were one of them probably was and other ships were damaged yesterday in an attack on a large British naval formation in the the Italian high command said The scene of the action was given as the eastern The statement gave this account of the attack A great British naval squadron which had been sighted by our re connaissance planes and whose movements have since been fol lowed constantly was attacked yes terday afternoon by successive waves of our torpedo carrying air craft in the eastern The action was Three enemy cruisers were one of them can be considered as This action was repeated by German planes and submarines which renewed the attack and hit with certainty two more naval units of the The statement reported that an Italian submarine was but did not indicate in what waters it had been operating or whether it had any connection with the attack on the British Late Bulletins March 12 Red reported tonight to have thrown men into vio lent fighting on a broad southern attacking primarily in the directions of Stalino and March 12 Tass dispatch reiterated to day reports said to have reached there that the French government has turned over to Germany a num ber of its including the and the Dun Authorized circles in Vichy de nied a similar Tass report two days March 12 The CAA civilian aviation training program today was ordered more than doubled in size and geared completely into the war effort as a part of the urgent expansion of the nations air The number of students given elementary pilot training is to be raised from to a and the facilities of the secondary flying course tripled to train students
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