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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - February 19, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN BAILS TELEGRAM Not So Cold FEBRUARY 1942 PRICE 3 ON NDRMANDE RUE HVESTIIMD N Lynch Says Evidence Points to Negligence and Incompetence BLAMES NAVY FOR BLAZE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS inen of the House and Senate Nav al Committees sought today to avoid duplicating effortin twin authorized investigations of the fire which wrecked the former French Chairman Walsh DMass of the Senate committee said he would confer with Chairman Vinson D Ga of the House committee on the possibility of conducting a joint investigation or taking other steps to avoid needless duplica The Senate unanimously author ized a inquiry into the fire yesterday and the House commit tee voted to conduct an investiga tion through a special subcommit Both investigations would be independent of Navy and Federal Bureau of Investigation Walsh said the investigation to be conducted by his committeewas not being undertaken to try to get anybody or to blame anybody or to prosecute The on ly objective of the committee will be to find out the facts and pre sent them to the In view of the the in nuendoes and assertions made about the possibilities of sabotage and the claim of the public is entitled to know the facts and disnose of this case once and for The liner burned at her berth In New York while being convert ed into a naval auxiliary Blames Navy Lynch DNY told the House that failure of the Navy to take ordinary and reasonable pre cautions was responsible for the disaster to the former French lin which the Navy had taken over renamed the Asserting that all the evidence points to negligence and he demanded Navy give lull publicity to facts uncovered a secret In vestigation which he suggested undertaken to whitewash those responsible for the The American people can take he They took it at Pearl Harbor and they can take i1 at New but what they will not take again is a tender of res They want who are responsible the Nor mandie disaster brought to a bar of justice and if stripped of their rank and punished accord ing to their Lynch said that the Nbrmandies capsizing in New York lost us more tonnage in the safe waters of the North River than has been occasioned by enemy submarines inthe Atlantic DESTROYED WARSHIP BACK UNDER OWN POWER Damage Done 4 Jap Bombers Shot Down Loss Of Life Not Reported FEARED IN May Make Stand at Sittang 20 Miles from Bur ma Road Link HAS RING SIDE SEAT BIHEA FIGHT Crover Describes Vicious Bat tle in Mediterranean lEditors note Two Associated Press starting from different points on two Brit ish had the unique experi ence of being in the midst of the latest big seaair battle in the each unaware of the others William 31yearold eastward bound from Gibraltar on a British suddenly found his vessel racing to aid a convoy attacked by Axis He saw one British merchant ship set afire and aban doned by her but not until he reached Alexandria did he know that Preston a Utah born Associated Press correspon dent was one of the Their stories of the an nounced yesterday by the admiral ty in By PRESTON CROVEK Egypt IS warships and planes engaged in keeping the sea lanes open hi the Eastern Med iterranean have just completed a wide fourday sweep during which they damaged two cruisers and destroyer and destroyed five Axis British losses during this period consisted of two planes and two merchant which were set afire by Axis bombers while in convoy and subsequently were sent to the bottom by escorting war A third freighter suffered superficial but all par ticipating British naval units caped Turn to Page 2 TAXES AJEFORESEEN George Says They Will Be Nec essary to Boost Revenues by 7 Billions 19 Senator George predicted today that Congress would be forc ed to broaden the base of income taxes or impose a sales tax or pay roll levy if it hoped to increase revenues by in the next fiscal chairman of the Senate finance already has an nounced his opposition to lowering the present individual ex emption of for single persons and He said tiiat so as he the Treasury remaUtea iirmly posed to a sajes levy and had no in tention of recommending a payroll President Roosevelt called for a general revenue in crease in his budget George said there had been some discussion of attempting to collect income taxes on a monthtomonth basis through a 15 per cent with holding levy on By this he the government would take 15 per cent of salaries each the total being applied against the amount due on the reg ular income tax at the end of the While the Georgia senator said this would have the double virtue of putting a brake on inflationary spending arid making it easier for the to meet his income tax he pointed out that it would add nothing to total reven To obtain the extra revenue re quested by President Treasury experts7were understood to have charted a in crease in corporation levies and a boost ranging from to in individual income The remaining 000 would be obtained by plugging oop holes in the present law and by increasing and broadening excise FORT FRANK TARGET OF JAPANESE ressure Increases thurs Right Flank 19 he War Department reported to ay heavy shelling of Fort outhernmost of the string of forti ications on Corregidor Island which controls the gateway to TheWar Department communi 6 this morning also reported in reasing pressure on the right flank f Douglas MacArthurs Ba peninsula and said AUCTIONS Public auction east of Brit See on Market Auction troth of Doc Market See on 24tL Auction north of Llnehan Sae on Market Auction sale north Syl Unehan See on Market Turn to Page 11 BY IDS TO NORTH Dispatches Claim Recapture of Kresty 19 troops bypassing Smolensk to the north have penetrated into White Red army dispatches an nounced but the most west ward point of advance specifical ly mentioned was some 20 miles short of the White Russian border The dispatches claimed the re capture of in the Velizh district Velizh itself lies 70 miles northwest of Smolensk and 20 miles east of the frontier of White the Russian peopli are forward eagerly to the 24th annniversary of the creat ion of the army next Monday with the expectation that wide spread of Russian from the Germans will be Information bureau communi ques indicate Russian troops are advancing steadily in their winter and press dispatches have told of a thrust into White but specific lines of action and cities retaken recently have not been Theman in the believes impressive number of victoru is being accumulated for publica tion on the 23 anniversary which coincides with the start o the ninth month of the Russian German Turn to Page soil an With a stub bow resembling the business end of a snow the estroyer reported destroyed by Japaneseat Pearl sailed nto a west coast port under its own power and operated from a tern orary bridge The Navy said it will be back in service annon School Faces Three day Class Suspension Special to The Telegram The Can on rural located in dist ict 6 of Deerfield wo miles west of village on le AdrianDeerfield was amaged by fire last The fire was discovered about clock sby Henry a eighboring and thepeer leld and Petersburg fire i apaneiejllnes indicated a resump the general offensive de to eliminate the Americans from Luzon The communique reported little amage was done hi the shelling of The firing came rom the south shore of Manila Several flame a com munique were captured along with three pieces of artillery in a elativeJy minor local along vith other Japanese equipment DUTCH ARE BATTLING Japanese Lose 5 Bombers in Soerabaja Attack E 19 Jutch Indies defense forces are continuing to offer strong resis tance to the Japanese invaders around the Dutchdes royed oil center in south the Indies high command announ ced The releasec through the news Aneta also reported an enemy air rait on an airfield in western Java which caused some Simultaneously with yesterdays ittack on the united nations nava base at in which the Japanese lost five bombers xjf a force of 24 an air field in machine the communique Dutch antiaircraft batteries scored hits on four of the attack ing fighter planes without cer tainty that theywere shot down furnace mnd it is be eved that overheating was the V William Griewahn of the board f education said this morning that t is thought that repairs can be made in about three daysThe oard met in Adrian this afternoon t 1 oclock office of Lenawee county to arrange chool affairs Griewahn said hat the repairs be made n three classes will be sus If a longer time is re the will be transfer red to other districts and to the Deerfield village Arm trong The school is taught by Mrs Helen May Smith of leventeen pupils are The members of the school board are John Schmidt anc Gilford Late Bulletins 19 Stunner Cndeneeretery said today the United WM not utisfied with explanations so tmt ottered by the Vichy govern ment regarding reported Frenel to Axil In He added fur ther have been cent to AmbMMdor William Leahy 19 Minister impreoed b the firmneM of Home of Commons opposition to the pretent govern it expected th entry of Sir Stafford Qtptola Oliver Lyttteton Into war cabinet before a crucial debate the war at declared i It Ca corvette Spikenard last with 57 and it wat ammomaced offidally today Navy BGafeter MacDon aid laidthe ihip WM through enemy Five of her and 61 o her M crew lost their he INSHIP SCHOOL BY ANKER IS DAMAGED QFFATUpCI rew Disagrees on Whether Ship Hit Mine or Was Torpedoed 19 Navy Department an ounced yesterday that the tanker HBlum was damaged off the tlantic coast on The navy gave no information as o how the damage was inflicted or its The brief announce ment said The navy announced that the a tanker owned by the sister the largest ail ever built The Blum had a speed of 13 knots and capacity of barrels of was launched last March 15 at TO EXPECT ATTACKS Says Plans for Offensive are Being Made 19 Secretary of War Stimson said to day that the should expec attacks all along our coasts and other places like made y submarines on The Netherlands Caribbean islands of The secretary urged at a press conference that the country be pre lared also for from thoughtless to scatte defensive forces to meet such at Yielding to that pressure wouli e the surest way of to lose the Stimson Victory will be he declarec by massing our forces to carry th war to the He gave as surances that were being made now for offense Noting criticism which he sai lad been voiced failure of th United Nations to seize the initia Stimsonpromised that w seize opportunity fo counter attack and the offensive and every opportunity sur Turn to Page 6 Valves Delivered For New City Dam The valves needed to operate th citys hew dam on Wolf Creek near Bent Avenue arrived yes terday and will be installed as soo as weather permit I water department super said today that it wi be necessary to wait until the flow of water at the damdecreases be fore the valves can be B said that he hopes that the in itallation can be completed befor the high waters of spring start to The valves had been ordered for some time but their delivery was delayed by war time emer Refining amagef the Atlantic coast AWAIT CHINESE ARRIVAL By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British openly pessimistic that the weak defense line of the Bilin River in Burma could be pre dicted today imperial forces would be forced to fall back this time perhaps to the Sittang While the Sittang appears to be a more formidable barrier to the who have put vanguards across the Bilin insmall boats al it is only 20 miles from the railroad by which Rangoon feeds the Burma Road and would make 30mile withdrawal toward Rangoon Hopes of forestalling the Jap anese drive to cut Chinas supply route until reinforcements can ar rive were on a reported Chinese attack southward into Thailand toward the northern terminus of a railroad from Singapore through Bangkok and 60 miles from the Burma fron The Chinese which lacked official was reported to have came after heavy RAF bombardment of concentrations ol Japanese troops apparent concentrating for offensive aimed at on the rail line linking Rangoon with the Burma observers saw the possibil strength NEW BRITISH SHIPS TO JOIN FLEET SOON 19 sources said today the battleships Anson and the newest of the King George V soon would jointhe British They based their statement on Prime Minister Churchills declara tion Tuesday that before the Ger man Scharnhorst and Gneisenau could be put in fighting trim the Royal Navy will be rein forced by various important units of highest The originally named the was launched and one source said she easily could be in service or at least be under going trials The he was true of the orig inally named the which was launched in Five ships formed the class origi The King George V and the Duke of York already are at sea the Prince of Wales was lost last December when attacked by Japanese warplanes off Sources here declared that cer tain British naval units which have been undergoing repairs also will be at sea by the time the German attleships can be AME ARE CrewmenDisagree on Cause 19 orty members of the crew of the wrecked tanker put ashore here yesterday by la rescue expressed opinions whether the vessel been orpedoed or had struck a mine Two members suffered minor iri uries in escaping in four lifeboats rom the which was afloat when they last saw Survivors said the a ves was wrecked by hree explosions which occurred bout minutes None a they The crew was picked a escue vessel within an hour after their lifeboats had been Lookout Tells of Light Ernest Lee Thomas of an able who was on ookout duty on the forecastle head when the first rocked the gave this ac count nased with Chinese troops in Burma and that sijme were manned by highly seastred RAF air crews from the Mediterranean war the tempts from jean bom reports that newv Amer and By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 19 ineta News Agency said today that oreign including a relative small number of have arrived in Aneta added that American round forces as well as bomber and ghter which aided ihrthe defense of the in the earf ot tfie Dutch Emit In P headquarters ot the United Nationssupreme command in the southwest The agency quoted authoritative ources as declaring that the for igntroops have received a hearty irelcome but that their numbers are by no means large enough yet The battle on the Sumatra ap roach is delaying and cutting own the power of the inevitable apanese assault on central island Spokesman Says Only Was I sawa light which I took to e the mastlight of another ibout 75 yards off the starboard I reported this to the bridge and about 15 seconds later the captain William Evans of ordered full speed ahead and hard Then herewas an explosion and the row came up five or six feet I thought we had rammed a sub The tanker listed to believe we were The captain gave the order to stand by the life boats but not to ower Fifteen minutes later there was a second and the skipper gave the order to aban don After the second blast the ship stopped That is why I third which occurred after my lifeboat had left the must have been from a because motionless ship could not run into a gagement so Far Minor Action 19 army spokesman predicted today that Chinese forces soon would strike into Thailand in a counter offensive at the Sank of the Japan but said the only engagement so far had been a minor action in which Japanese forces were hurle back from a foothold in northeast ern He said this engagement occurrei 5 at Tkayld on a shal low tributary of the upper reaches of the Mekong where Japan ese and Thai units took up a posi tion just inside Burma near thi ThailandFrench IndoChina fron The falling de stroyed the pontoon bridge they had used to cross the th spokesman ThirtyJapanese were h and others After the spokesman Chinese forces moved on into posi tions from which they are expecte to launch their counterattack an relieve Japanese pressure on th British in southern Earlier unconfirmed reports ha told of a pitched battle on th worth of efining and transport facilities and ther property in the Palembang area when Japanese parachutists assaulted it last Saturday was not the signal for abandonment of southern Sumatra but rather a irelude to redrawing the battle line or the southernmost tip of the long which is sep arated only by SundaStrait from a TO CHRISTEN WARSHIP 19 The young widow of naval patrol plane pi lot gave his life in an effort to save his crew will christen one of two destroyers being tomorrow at the Boston navy She is Carletori of and the the is named in honor of her The other new de the is named for Capt John Guest a naval hero of Civil War and will be sponsored by his Ann Guest of Annapo born in perished at the age of 33 in the crash of a navy patrol bomber af ter it had been in collision with an other patrol bomber fleet Evacuation Of Rangoon Rushed 19 The British suddenly stepped up th civil evacuation of Rangoon toda in the face of an ominous militarj situation some 75 miles north the Meanwhile the RAF car tied out a mass attack on a Thai land rail terminus in which the enemy is believed usin as a base for a parachute tavasio of territory vital tothe tupplyin of A statement conceded that th Japanese had forced a crossing o the Bilin River and the front before Rangoon was described as now ly ing somewhere between the Sal ween River on the east and the Si tang on the latter rive only 20 miles from the railway b which Rangoon feeds the Burm Road and some 30 miles west of th Moreover a Japanese sea and air assault directly on the Rangoo delta from across the Gulf of Mar maneuvers off southern California taban was reckoned an increasin army development fWT Volv2 lOJia IICANS NJAVA Full Statement Promised as Soon as Details of ings are Known By THE ASSOCIATED PBESS Exchange Telegraph reported from today that Prime Min ister Curtin had announced a sec ond raid on north Aus tralian this afternoon in which considerable property dam Reports so far do not give any information as to loss of Ex change Telegraph The first raid on Darwin first on the Australian mainland took place this and Curtin promised a full statement as soon as details became Some casualties were and some damage was it was Exchange Telegraph quoted Cur tin as reporting that the first at tack on the United Nations base was made by 72 bombers accom panied by fighter formations and the second by 21 Dar wins defenses were said to have brought down four of this second Darwins importance to the Uni ted Nations has grown as Japans tide of conquest has rolled south ward in the Pacific toward this is land Its location on Australias north ernmost rim gives it a strategic geographic position not only as a fleet base but also as a gateway for supplies for the defense of the Air raid alarms had sounded there several times before as early in the war as 2 but only aerial scouts had ap proached there had been na bombing A Reserve Base At the start of the war in the Darwin was essentially a reserve base for the United Nations f The weekend destruction of BRITAINS STRIKING POWER SL Parachute Troops Now Ready for Action THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British army has airborne troops in train ing and parachutist forces ready now for Mar war announced He declared that new arm ored divisions and those in have been formed the Middle East Outlining this broad picture of strengthened British striking Margesson disclosed that nany of the British troops in the illstarred Malaya campaign had to be sent into without time for essential preliminary battle He that because of equipment shortages and the need for older type weapons already in the army had been un able until last fall to convert large numbers of infantry into artillery armored units of which we were woefully Without disclosing any details of the strengthening of British arm ored formations in a zone he de scribed only as the Middle East1 the war secretary declared that the reinforcement process is continu Announcing the training of air borne Margesson said the army how has a number of para chute and air landing This was the first official an nouncement that the British army is planning to use airborne in fantry like that which has served Germany and Japan In he a number of new armored divisions have been We have practically completed formation of the required number of antitank he recounting the progress of the behind Singapore and Soerabaja and Amboina in The Netherlands East Now Japans hordes are poised for an invasion attempt against the site of and all the others already are in enemy Soerabaja is less than four houra flying time from Darwin and Am boina is only 675 miles to the The loss or incapacitation of Darwin banish the United Nations fleets from that area of the Rear Admiral engineering chief of the Australian left for the west coast port of on the Indian early this month to direct work which had taken the Prime Minister himself Darwin actually is little more than an miles from southern Australia and without di rect rail connection with the indus trial The railroad from Darwin ends at 300 miles to the and is linked with an other with the main federal rail roads by a new high way built in 93 days during This was the result of ex pansion after the outbreak of war in 1939 which converted Darwin from a frontier town of cattle rais ers and pearl fishers to an import ant military establishment and a prt of military Infantry forces stationed at Dar win are charged with guarding the port against surprise attack by a threat because the coast is uninhabited for long distances to the east and west Although there never was a large Japanese population hi the vast northern most were or Darwin and many sup posed Japanese pearl fishermen in recent years were suspected of tak ing soundings to supply Japan with important navigation data concern ing Australias North Coast BELOW ZERO on to Page Temperatures slumped again to day as Mother Nature backed up the weather experts in their pre dicted cold wave and brought a low reading of one degree below zero here early this morning While the one below reading is far from the seasons low of ten below established January many Adrian residents conceded today that whether its one or ten de grees below the zero its mighty Just the its only a month until the first of spring according to the The mercury in the government instruments didnt rise above tha zero mark until late this At 9 oclock the reading remained at one degree At 1oclock the sun was making some progress and the temperature was seven de grees
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