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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - January 30, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TEL Rain Wiitlur OMalu am Tm JANUARY 1942 PRICE 3 NEW UBOAT ON COASTAL SHIPPING LIKELY CARS BURN AFTER SWITCH TOWER CRASH Navy Warns Operations Con tinue as Far South as Florida REPORT NO NEW LOSSES By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS new of Uboat attacks on Allan tic coast shipping was considerec likely today despite the increasing effectiveness of American de fenses which already have sunk or damaged at least 20 Axis subma The Navy warned that enemy submarines continue to operate off the east coast of the Unitec States and are reported as far south as but no new coastal attacks have been announc ed sine the sinking of the Fran cis Powell was disclosed on German tactics in past subma rine campaigns have been to main tain attacks in chosen areas by keeping up a constant flow of re Following the same system in the present U boats fresh from Germany would now be replacing those which made the attacks on coasta shipping hi the week of January 12 and whose torpedoes or fue would have been There was speculations that the Germans might try to keep more than a score of Uboats off the At lantic coast in an attempt to force the Navy to divert warships from the North Atlantic convoy route to meet the new Enemy Sub Sunk The Navy added another subma rine to the number of those prev iously reported sunk by making public the report of a pettyofficer plane Sighted sank said the Impressed by the pun gency of the officials re laxed the rule of secrecy on anti submarine successes and gave it to the They furnished no Five Japanese submarines have been reported sunk in the and Secretary Knox disclosed on December 21 that at least 14 Axis submarines had been sunk or dam aged in the The only of ficial statement on counteraction against the current Atlantic which have cost the Allies 14 mer chant was that some of the Axis submarines would not return A Navy announcement at Los Angeles said an enemy submarine was sighted off the harbor there yesterday and was attacked by depth bombs without apparent re sult In the Central Ma rines on Midway Island were cred ited with driving away two enemy submarines which surfaced off the island to shell the One hit was scored on an attacker by the Marines and the sub marines failed to inflict any dam Story of Dramatic Sea Battle Held Up by Censor tLarry the APs eran seagoing war correspon dent attached to the British Mediterranean got back to New York on furlough a jump ahead of the story he wroteweeks ago describing the sinking of Barham last 25 fay tor pedoes aimed at the Queen Elizabeth from which he witnessed the Allen wrote his story aboard the Queen Elizabeth for trans mission to the United States when the censor would permit The British admiralty then withheld their announcement of the Barhams loss until last Tuesday to keep the informa tion from the enemy for strate gic By that time Allen was hitchhiking homeward by air way with William C Bullitt in an army bomber and he arrived to recuperate from injuries and neardrown ing suffered when the British was sunk under him after the Barham was The story of the finally having cleared the Brit ish interval of strategy and then the censor in ar rived by cable few hours after Allen got Ini Here is the long delayed ABOARD the British Mediter ranean Flagship Queen Delayed by Cen sor The British battleship struck by four torpedoes from an enemy explod ed and sank within five minutes today off the Libyan coast I saw the Barham go down in a huge cloud of flame and smoke in one ot the most spectacular scenes of the The blast was so great that It was believed the attacking sub marine may well have been de stroyed by Turn to Page 5 AUCTIONS Public auction east of Pal Al Llnehan See adv on Market Auction northwest of Sec on Ten of the 22 cars in a fast freight laden with lum ber and cocoa oil burn fiercely after leaving the rails at Coon near The hurtling cars splintered a small depot and felled a twostory signal Rail officials said a large timber that slid from one of the cars threw a switchas the train passed and fire started from a stove in the demolished signal NEW REVENUE BILL 15 Per Cent Payroll Tax on Salaries Above a Year Studied 30 15 per cent payroll tax on all sal aries above a year was re ported under discussion in Admin istration circles today as evideno developed that Congressional and Treasury officials thus far hac failed to agree on fundaments principles of the new revenue bill Treasury faced with the necessity of raising n general taxes if they are to mee President Roosevelts request were said to have renewed their suggestions of last year for a 15 per cent levy on with leld at the Turn to Page 2 D Fixed Responsibility Neces Vinson 30 Unity of military command in the continental United States was urg ed today by Vinson DGa chairman of the House Nava to coordinate tha countrys defenses the pos sibility of a sudden enemy stab on either Vinson said he had placed his uggestion before Navy Secretary Knox and other high ranking vy If we are to take advantage of he lesson taught at Pearl Har the Georgian told we must provide for use of the Coast Guard and the air arm as a team with a single And we must have fix ed Particularly was this he in the great industrial areas along the Although the Army is charged svith the defense of these coastal he the Navy pa trols the sea on one and their irotection is a joint Tie need for obtaining coordina tion is Under his the country would be divided into military areas with a single navy or air officer assuming full responsi bility for the protection of Before Vinson advanced his sug the House Naval Commit ee yesterday had voted not to in titute a separate Congressional inquiry at this time into the Jap anese surprise attack on theis and and Secretary of r Stimson had announced a peededup process for unifying ommand at important outposts and for task SEVEIT 60 YEARS JD TODAY n Fine Physical and Mental Shape for One of His Age 30 resident Roosevelt is 60 years old and in some respects he doesnt act At a time of life when many men of his means would have turned to a comfortable is working harder than Since war broke out he has scarce y been out of the White and he relishes Turn to Page 2 FIGKHION BATAN PENINSULA 30 Fighting has been light on Baton peninsula in the last 24 the War Department reported ut the arrival of fresh Japanese roops at the front and movements the lines indicated the ene ny Was preparing to resume a largescale offensive against Gen eral Douglas MacArthurs British Admit Loss of Bengasi 30 sudden sweep of a strong Axis col umn around and heavy frontal attacks by greatly super ior forces compelled the Indian defenders of the Libyan port to withdraw after putting up a stub born the British announced The Middle East command de clared that the converging attacks by the superior Axis which included necessitated the second British withdrawal from Bengasi in less than a the Middle East com mand said British patrols in the Msus 70 miles southeast of forced Axis patrols to withdraw after a brief Informed London sources said there was a strong possibility that some British forces had been cut off in An Italian statement said an unestimated number of prisoners had been taken at The German and Italian high commands yesterday announced the reoccupation of IN RACKET By LEO BRANHAM 29 De layed entire in cluding its strong force of escorting in which I recently came to this North Atlantic garrison drifted en route for 12 minutes while a soldier was burned at It was a risky but impressive tribute to a private in the United States Metras of Detroit He is believed to be the irst American soldier in this war given a formal burial at Metras got considerable notice about a year ago when he was drafted two months after complet ng a regular fouryearhitch in the He died after an abdominal op A signal from the flagship halt ed the convoy on its plodding gait oward The sea was n sharp contrast to preceding When the funeral began on the after deck of our the only soind was from waves slapping the ships The chaplain read the 23rd salm over the flagdraped ave a benediction and as the pallbearers lifted the plank on which the body an honor guard Ired a threevolley salute and a bugler sounded HIGHWAYS SLIPPERY 30 state highway department reported today that Michigan highways gen erally were slippery as a result of sleet and mist The report said and sleet vas general in southwestern Mich gan and that in the Upper Penin snow and mist were contribut ng to hazardous Detroit Mayor Orders Inves tigation 30 Edward Jeffries said today he would ask police and the prosecu tor to investigate charges of in timidation levelled at the AFL Teamsters Union by a produce grower delivering to the city wholesale market in trucks oper ated by nonAFL Don Alma hatchery man and distributor for a feed wrote Jeffries that suppliers were being threatened and intimidated by a bunch of George city derictor of told the mayor that Olsons charges were essentially correct and recited methods used against suppliers like James international rep resentative of the AFL Teamsters denied that life union eith er discriminated against individual groups or engaged in any racket eering Olson wrote that he had been approached by union racketeers let nnloudOnDe troit members 6 the AFL Teamsters he are reluctantly upheld by the whole who also act as collectors for the It would seem to us that we should be entitled to dispose of our own products in a wholesale mar ket without being threatened and intimidated by a bunch of racket The situation in he is rapidly becoming as bad as it was in New York a few years ago when the federal through the finally stepped in and cleaned Branch told the mayor Olsons letter to your attention of ficially a problem which has been giving the produce trade of this city more and more to worry about during the last RESIGNS 30 Detroit for warded a letter of resignation from the State Fair Board to Governor Van Wagoner Iam convinced that our pres ent crop of regardless of are out for what they hemselves can Smith wrote he Many decisions made by the board are wholly cast aside for political We were told that if the budget schedule was followed and attend ance reached a certain thou sands of dollars of profits Would The attendance exceeded this instead of a we are told of a def It is wholly uncalled for and Dutch Say 54 Jap Ships Sunk Or Damaged in 54 Days of War 30 fiftyfour Japanese ships have jeen sunk or heavily damaged in Jie 54 days of the Pacific war by The Netherland East Indies navy and air it was announced to day as Dutch army units and guerrilla detachments battled the invaders in four widelyseparat ed parts of the The staggering total of losses in licted on Japanese shipping by the Dutch alone was announced in an authoritative summary made avail able to the official news agency The high command re leased through the news told of continued fighting both in and near Balik Borneo east coast oil center whose vast oil stores and installations were de stroyed before the Japanese land ed Fighting continues not only near Balik Papan but in the town said the statement Bands of Indies guerrilla campaigners were said to be harrying the Japan ese forces which occupied the Min northeasternarm if Unofficial word was received that the Dutch defenders were putting up a bitter struggle against the seaborne and overland Japanese drive on chief port on the west coast of Borneo with a normal population of Fight ing also was assumed to be contin uing in the Kendari region in southeastern Todays statement reported fur ther intensive Japanese aerial re connaisance over the Here and there bombs were dropped which caused slight damage to ma but no persons were said the high There was no new word concern ing the Japanese invasion armada in Macassar which at last report was said to be continuing its thrust toward nerve center of the Indies and seat of the Uni ted Nations supreme command in the southwest Effective defense of it was generally was an al most impossible since the is land is as large as England and Wales together and is little more than one dense it was felt the defense forces at least would be able to delay the Japanese advance NAVY BILL Overton Urges Move to Impart Vastly Greater Might to Fleet Air Arm UNASKED FOR BY NAVY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS im part vastly greater might to the fleet air Chairman Overton today advocated that a special fund for war planes be added to the pending appropriation Although the fund was unasked even by navy Overton said he would ask liis Senate ap propriations subcommittee to in clude it when the group resumes work on the huge The appropriation which won House approval earlier this already is the largest in congressional and Over tons proposal would boost its total close to the 25 billion Without supremacy in the even the strongest navy and army forces are at a Overton adding that he hoped the subcommittee would re ceive a budget request from the President on his normal procedure in such matters Ill offer it even if we do not get the he recalling that earlier this week the Senate had speeded approval of a fund for expansion of the armys air Sought No Changes Secretary of Navy Knox told re porters he had asked for no changes or increase in the bulky bill passec by the House but Senator Overton said his proposal was the result ol lengthy questioning of Admiral who followed Knox as a witness at yesterdays closec Senate Overton declined to as a naval the number of addi tional planes the could cover but said he would ask that the funds be made available for expenditure as soon as Turn to Page 6 Battle of Johore State Rolls Nearer Fortress By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British clamped a stringent curfew on Singapore island today as the blazing battle of Johore State nearer to the milewide strait which separates the heavily fortified base from the Malay Pen gen eral officer commanding in Malaya and administrator of martial law in imposed the effective at 9 as the latest precautionary step by which the was preparing for any British reports last night indicated imperial troops offering fierce opposition to picked Japanese columns along a line extending across Johore State roughly 30to40 miles north of Johore The Tokyo radio broadcast a Japanese news dis patch from Malaya claiming that he Japanese had occupied the rail road town of on the cen tral sector 26 miles above Johore and had obtained virtually complete control of the Malacca Strait coast line by operations along the SingaporeBatu Pahat Turn to Page 2 OF DEFENSE AREAS Forbidden to Remain in Pacific Waterfront Regions 30 Mass movement of thousands of en emy aliens out of vital defense areas is being ordered fay the De partment of Justice on recommen dation of the army and The first such issued last forbids Japanese and Italians to remain in water front areas of Los Angeles and San Francisco after Several thousand aliens will be Relatively fewer aliens live in 27 other sectors covered in orders be ing issued effective Dther areas are to be designated from time to A total of Jap anese and Italians are residents in the United States and must apply next month for certificates of iden They will be required to answer questionnaires designed to show whether they might act against United States interests through inclination or because of family Japanese and Italians in the eight states of the western command Arizona and ap ply for certificates of identification next Those residing else where in theUnited States must apply between 9 and They will receive small similar to which will bear their a signature and These must be carried at all Turn to Page 2 Japan May Have To Risk Parts Of Her Main Fleet By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 30 great war of the South Pacific appeared near the pour today where Japan must even of her main fleet to save her invasion of the Indies from piecemeal disaster in sharkinfested While there was no doubt among experts here that the enemy coulc establish beachheads on some In dies the question whether reinforcements can be brought up in sufficient numbers for a rea invasion was said to depend entire ly on the naval strength the enemy is willing to risk to protect future In view of the terrific toll taken the huge transport armada in Macassar Strait by American anc Dutch naval and air the belief was that henceforth protec tion of major convoys would have to be considerable in both surface and air The it was would have to include numer ous cruisers and plane carriers and such shorebased air craft as can be brought into opera tion over the invasion For the Japanese have now come face to face with a new geographi caldefense and the nava shambles of Macassar Strait may be but the first of a series in store for Face Disadvantages As stategists here understand this two principal factors are working to the disadvantage of the invaders The islandstrewn southwest Pacific is ideal for hitandrun raids 30 cial concern is felt here that the arrival of United States troops in neighboring Ulster may be prelim inary to seizure of Eires nava bases which the Allies need badly for the battle of the an in formed source said Although I dont think it wil come to any attack by Ger many would necessarily mean that we would call for help from Foreign troops would au tomatically walk in to fight beside Eires he This neutrality of Eire is strong ly expressed both by officials anc by the men on Dublins of course it is also apparent that the average Irishman does not real ize the critical situation he has been placed in by Eires The scant tion of the troops and British press de mands that Eire turn over bases to the allies have little light in the censored The whole partition question of course is the root of Eires and many declare that if Britain would permit northern Ireland to join Eires Ulster emphatically refuses to then Britain and the United States would work out a mutual defense Eires troops are arm ed and the government attitude is that they should be equipped by One source said the De Valera regime would be willing to pledge not to use such armament in its aim of unit ing Ireland by When the question is raised of a possible British blockade against Eire to force the issue of obtaining naval the Irishman quickly retorts that would be considered a form of warfare against We have faced famine as a weapon before and vie are prepared to face it Provisions Of Price Control Law 30 Here are major provisions of the price control law signed by Presi dent Roosevelt today Price maximums or ceilings may ae fixed by a single price admin strator for a long list of commodi ties needed for war or Prices between October 1 and 15 of last year would serve as basis for these with excep tions for fishery and farm which could rise to a level 110 per cent of before controls Maximum rents likewise may be fixed for any defense housing with rents since April serv ing as a Business affected by the price orders may be licensed and this license taken away in court for a second offense after warning oh a first Violations of price ceilings and regulations may bring penalty of up to and two years in price administrator may buy or sell commodities in order to in luence prices for increased produc Persons charged more than price ceilings may sue for triple damages or whichever is Wages and salaries were exempt Also exempted were newspa pers and other motion pictures rail roads and other insurance and professional Appeals from price ceilings or regulations may be made first to the then to a special emergency court composed of fed iral and finally to the Supreme by destroyers or air craft Once such forays establish that the enemy is they may be turned into continuing and devastating That seems to have been the strategy employed in Macassar where estimates of Japanese losses have run as high as 46 ships of all types sunk or Dutch and American forces have been concentrated in these waters and operate close to their making possible shore based aircraft action hi The Jap anese on the other hand are operat ing farther and farther from their bases and from the protection of landbased One of the most unorthodox characteristics of Japanese strategy to date in in the opinion of military experts is the way in which they i have scattered their blows and lengthened their supply Their lines of communica tion now reach out from Japan like the slender tentacles of a huge octopus to the Philippines and the Japanese mandated islands to small northeast of Aus to to Malaya and IndoChina and and to China and Turn to Page 11 PRESIDllliCHILL JYILER Reiterates Arguments That Germany Is Persecuted By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS BERLIN From German broad casts for the first time since his declaration of war against the United Hit ler assailed President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill today and declared excepting its Axis Germany is fighting a new world war against her same old Most of the address was a reit eration of Hitlers long standing arguments that Germany was per He said that even in the last Prime Minister Churchill was among the English warmongers and that President Roosevelt was the right hand of Woodrow whom he described as the man who caused the greatest harm to the German The first since his declaration of war against the Unit ed the ninth an niversary of his elevation as Reichs Addressing sol diers and representatives of other Axis powers in he declared All of us who can remember the last war will still remember that Churchill was already then one of the meanest It is the same powers we fought then which we are fighting He was introduced by Propa ganda Minister Paul Joseph Goeb belse who complimented the Fuehr er for looking so fresh and Hitler declared that atthe time of the last war Germany was a monarchy and war was forced upon he Germany Is not a monarchy but our same ene mies say that it is the system that they are Why Flint Our We have not wished to force our system upon there fore we must ask what is the actual reason why our system is being England which claims to be a democracy has forced her rule upon England has throughout the centuries subjected one people after Ever since it has been Englands principal aim to maintain her rule by preventing any other nation in Europe from Turn to Page 6 Buyers of Frozen Autos May Take Possession 9 30 chasers of automobiles which stay ed in dealers hands under the fed eral freezing order the first of the year now may expect to obtain possession by when Michi gan will start the rationing of car Secretary of State Harry Kel ly said last night that he had re ceived authorization from Ernest chief of the automotive branch of the War Production to make that announce A car sales rationing plan operat ing through local boards will be es tablished by Kelly said he was authorized to At that Kelly buyers of undelivered cars may obtain pos This refers to bona fide sales and purchases made before the federal order of 1 forbid ding either sale or Kanzler had advised Kelly that this is his under standing that this plan will give an opportunity to dealers and pur chasers who have made bona fide sales and purchases previous to to present evidence of such sale and and where such proof is satisfactory the right to title and plates will be The office of Arthur state rationing director will con trol the car Sarvis said that in the absence of other infor mation he assumed that cars but not delivered before the freezing would be releas ed without question bi the pur chasers priority l NAZI mm LINES TO SEA OF AZOV MENACED BY REDS Russians Push Within 70 Miles of Bend of Lower Dnieper River LOZOVAYA IS RECAPTURED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 30 Cavalry paced Russian troops who struck strongly through fortified positions across the Donets Basin operated to day only 70 miles from the big bend of the lower men acing German winter lines clear to the Sea of Nestled on the west bank of the river bend is Russias eleventh which fell five months ago to the Axis armies of Field Marshall Ewald von Kleist the defenders had dynamited its power The Russian information bureau disclosed the strategic situation in announcing the recapture of Lozo midway between the Donets and the through a 93mile advance in which is said Ger mans were killed in 10 days of German 68th and three 236th tha 169th infantry and a cavalry officially declared to have been utterly At full strength these would represent about Headquarters of the 257th in fantry division were smashed arid its documents were the information bureau Stand ards of the 457th and 516th infan try regiments were A considerable defeat was inflicted upon the 44th and 295th infantry divisions and units of the 46th and 94th infantry Take Battle Trophies Among battle trophies listed 658 40 tanks and armored 843 438 supply carts and Red army infantry rode even atop tanks to the fighting the government Izves behind roving squadrons of Cossack As a result of the faltering German soldiers have been ordered by their com manders to stand fast or be it Below the Russian lines are such Germanheld cities as Stalirib Taganrog and Mariupolr Seventy miles north ot Lozovayalies the Rus sian Pittsburgh toward which other Russian troops have been striking in direct Fifty timber andearthrioTtifica 28 36 field 133 railway 12 supply were listed among properties destroyed in the Russian offensive effort from 18 to Germans Wiped Out Among 400 villages and towns claimed reoccupied in the south ern advance to Lozovaya was Bar Russian dispatches said Germans were wiped out in a single days action in that sec Mopping up operations consoli dated earlier gains on the central where Red troops infest vast flocks of territory both above and below the Smolensk to Page 6 Late Bulletins 30 President Roosevelt signed the price control bill today and told reporters that it was good in many respects but that provisions apply ing to farm prices offered a These provisions he provide a real danger in that no farm price could be stabilized below 110 per cent of For eight he the Administration hac sought to work toward parity prices lor farmers and he represents a very definite violation of that he the bffl is certainly worth having and is the best that could be obtained at this BEK1IN From German Broad casts 30 CSVAdolf Hitler told his people today that Amer icas war with Japan made us free toacf and now we shall see what our Uboats may 30 three alarm fire broke out today in a new building the Springfield which lias been active in the manufacture of the new Garand automatic but the firemen reported shortly thereafter that the blaze was virtually under 30 President Roosevelt today asked Congress to add to the recordbreaking navy appro priation bill already passed by the The estimates were received by a Senate appropriations subcommit tee after Chairman Overtoil DLa announced that he would try to put an additional in the huge bill for additional naval air The Chief Executive also asked Congress to insert a provision in the bage bill granting him the right to transfer any ships to na tions whose safety was deemed vital to the defense of the United
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