Saturday, January 3, 1942

Adrian Daily Telegram

Location: Adrian, Michigan

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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - January 3, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Continued Cold JANUARY 1942 PRICE 3 ADMIT FOUR WHIPS SUNK ILL UP CONVOY SUCCESS Silence Broken as People Are Told of Price Germany Is Paying ONE CRUISER GOES DOWN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS loss of four British warships was acknowl edged bythe admiralty today breaking a longstanding rule of it told the British people the price Germany is paying to at tack Atlantic convoys and the Roy al Navys success in guarding that vital bridge of Two of the lost British warships the cruiser Neptune and the destroyer Kandahar a war bulletin went down in the Mediterranean after striking The other two were the destroy er a former American and the auxiliary warship the erstwhile German motorship Hannover the British had captured and converted into a warplanebearing convoy These two were sunk by torped oes in a fourday running battle against German submarines raid ing a the admiralty said in a rare report on such opera but it declared the Germans lost at least three submarines and at least two of their bigfar ranging FockeWulf bombers in the attack and succeeded only in sinking two merchant to gether only out of more than 30 freighters in the Counters German Claims This lengthy statement was is sued partly to show that week after week our convoys continue to arrive bringing vital supplies to our shores and partly to counter German claims that nine ships ag gregating tons and an air craft carrier had been sunk in the attack the admiralty lasted from December 17 to De cember 21 It is known that at least three of the attacking Uboats were since prisoners of war from these three Uboats were the admiralty Two of the German longrange FockeWulf aircraft were shot down into the sea and a third was so severe ly damaged it may not have re gained its The convoy was reported to have consisted of more than 30 mer chant ships led by Vice Admiral a veteran as commodore of convoys who was named a knight of the British Empire in King George VTs New Years honors Turn to Page 3 TOUGH GOING FOR MOTORISTS Scenes like this one in Omaha made motorists unhappy as the worst storm of the winter season struck Main thorough fares were open but neighborhood streets and rural roads were choked by snow drifts that prevented tow cars from Rifle Club Will Instruct Citizens In Use of Guns The Adrian Rifle and Revolver an affiliate of the National Rifle has offered its facilities to train individuals in the proper and safe handling of fire George Miller of 1371 Uni versity president of the said The announcement comes as part of a nation wide program to in struct private citizens in the prop er handling of The program was launched locally at the insti gation of the Michigan State Rifle and Pistol with head quarters at The Adrian with a mem bership of approximately meets every Monday night at the armory where the shooting range is avail able to Miller said that the club decided at a meeting last night to instruct Adrian particularly those of high school and college Anyone interested will be Rifles owned by the club and furnished by the War Department will be used in The guns fire long rifle Those who want instruc tion will be asked to furnish their own The first instruction meeting be held Monday at 7 Miller The World Today By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese planes open violent assault on island fortress of Corregidor in Manila Bay Tokyo admits MacArthurs last stand army is still fiercely resisting on Batan Peninsula but asserts defenders are doomed Ameri Filipino troops fight to gain time for mobilization of Allied counter offensive against British smash four new Jap anese landsea attacks in northwest Malaya admit Jap anese advance on east coast 190 miles above Chungking reports Japanese killed or wounded by Chinese counter attacks in the battle of Changsha Jap anese claim city but admit they may not hold it Russians regain Maloyaro slavets in central front offen further imperilling Ger man position at Mozhaisk Soviet government says Germans killed in six Britain admits loss of cruiser Neptune and two de the 12th cruiser and 57th destroyer officially ac knowledged sunk during the IS REPORTED IN Cash on hand in the Red Cross Relief Fund at the headquarters in the Chamber of Commerce build ing today was representing the contributions made so far in Other contributions are promised but have not yet been turned Roy McPhail chairman of the drive in Adrian to raise its quota of stated McPhail said a number of the factories in the city are mak ing 100 per cent contributions but the exact amount raised is not yet The committee chairmen are all active but some of the chairmen have been unable to make definite reports of the work accomplished The county is well organized now and each community is es tablishing committees to canvass the localities to raise the countys quota in the Red Cross War Re lief Fund of In Adrian tomorrow the various churches have been asked to take special collections for the Red Cross Todays Map For a map and story about the island of Luzon in the turn to Page Seven of todays Plenty of Stores But Public Is a Bit Unreasonable The buying according to chain and independent store man is becoming a bit unreason able concerning the sugar situa tion and has made it necessary for wholesalers and retailers to take steps to prevent At least one Adrian storetoday didnt have a pound of white or powdered on its simply because its Decem ber allotment was gone and the January supply hadnt been receiv The particular store has been on an allotment basis for the last few months limiting customers to five or ten pound The shortage at the store at the pres ent time has been caused by some hitch in the allotment and deliv ery arrangement between the store and The January supply is expected any Is there a sugar shortage store managers were Heavens came the almost universal There is just as much suger country as but people seem to be getting Theyre remembering that 30 cent a pound price during the World Many of them are try ing to were just try ing to stop That was the gist of the reply that came from each Some store managers reported instances of customers buying in 50 and 100 pound lots where previous ly they purchased only five or ten pounds at a The wholesalers and the government want to have sugar enough to go around and so a month by month allotment basis has been In other if an Adrian store normally sells pounds of sugar in that will be its January allotment If it normally sells pounds of sugar in January that will be the January In spite of the allotment arrange the price of sugar hasnt changed in the last few In five and ten pounds lots sugar still sells for around six cents a Turn to Page 6 ANOTHER BOMBLESS NIGHT 3 had its fourth successive bombless night last the air ministry dismissing developments with a curt nothing to German Major General Among Those Captured 3 Gen eral chief administrative staff officer of the German pan zer Gruppe Afrika and more than other Axis prisoners were captured at it was an nounced officially British losses in occupation o the a war bulletin declared were oniy 60 killed and 300 It said British prisoners held by the Axis were The bulletin told dramatically how the holdout which threatened to become a thorn in the British flank as Tobruk had been to the surrendered un conditionally under the combinec force of a sea and air assault Telling the whole story for the first the bulletin said South African rifles Durban light backed up tanks and field artillery and New Zealand launched a bayonet at tack New Years night oil defenses of the Rather than face a repetition ol this skilfully organized at the war bulletin the enemy decided to surrender un The operation was mag nificently supported by His Ma jestys ships which heavily bom barded enemy concentrations anc artillery positions in the forward area and also engaged with equal effect many objectives in the rear of the enemy main By continuous activity in most enclement weather our air forces also made an invaluable contribution to the success of the ARMY CLAIMS in Japanese Killed CounterAttacks 3 officially claimed today a favorable and decisive turn in the third battle for Hunan Province an army statement declaring Japan ese troops had been killed or wounded during Chinese counter attacks launched yesterday morn The fierce battle of annihila tion still is the Chinese statement It said most of the Japanese casualties were caused by tremen dous artillery fire laid down by the who were reported press Jig the Japanese from all direc A force of Japanese plainclothes men discovered at the eastern gate of Changsha was machinegunned and totally wiped out by the gal lant the bulletin Japan already has suffered two lumiliating and serious defeats in attempts to capture and hold a city of popula Those defeats were in and A hint that the Japanese may be preparing for another setback at Changsha was seen in the Tokyo broadcast of a Japanese dis jatch from Hankow quoting mili ary quarters as saying the Japan ese may not occupy Changsha per manently as it was the purpose to crush Chinese resistance in driv ing on the The Japanese claimed they occupied Changsha night j The Chinese said yesterday the Japanese apparently were launch ng a general offensive against We welcome a spokesman This enables us to dissi pate the enemys Both sides must but the Japanese are at a They can not affort to lose as much man ower as i MAY FOR DEFENSE Government Is to Refrain from Action as Long as Possible CIO CRITICIZES THE 0PM 3 Drastic wartime regulations which already have halted sale of new automobiles and cut tire and tube sales to the general public by 90 per cent may be extended to in clude commandeering of cars for use by the armed forces or in es sential civilian Price Administrator Leon Hen derson said that although the gov ernment will refrain from such ac tion as long as requisi tioning of cars owned by persons who have no vital need for them was the gloomy prospect for the Henderson explained that only new cars will be available for sale to private consumers after automobile production is shut down next month for the duration of the This number will be insuf ficient to meet the demands of physicians and fire departments and other protec tive agencies or the need for am Eventual Acquisition This means eventual government requisition of private Hender son He commented however that Germany and England had not yet been forced to commandeer cars and said it was a hot ques The CIO took full page advertise ments in Washington and New York newspapers to publicize its frequently repeated contention that the automobile industry had failed to enter ailout production of war goods despite labors The in the form of an open letter to the said that automobile workers were idle now and that a total of would be idle by the end of Turn to Page 3 Wholesale Massacres Related By Archbishop ASSOCIATEDTHESS Arch bishop of the Serbian Orthodox Churcn reported that more than persons had been massacred in the Axiscreated slate of Croatia alone since the fall of The Archbishop reported that in the village of Korito 163 persons were tied into bundles of three and thrown into a When it was found that some were stil the Ustashi Croat extremists tnrew bombs among them to finish them he re Last more than Si1 per sons of Krupa were cut to pieces with knives and scythes and the bodies thrown into a the Arcnbishop In one the report went only those remained alive who succeeded in escaping to the In the vicinity of Stolac an en tire village was wiped Every house was razed One can see every day 30 to 40 corpses floating along the often members of a whole family tied The usual the Arch bishop were severing of stubbing of breaking of bonei and pushing needles under the nails of prison ers He cited the case of a clergy man who was ordered to dig a grave for his student son who had been tortured to death in front of Then the father was tortured and murdered on the same 26 AntiAxis Nations Sign Solidarity Pact Japanese Attack Corregidor Island Three Planes Shot Down in Raid at Entrance to Manila Bay LITTLE DAMAGE RESULTS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS war department reported today a five hour Japanese air attack on Cor regidor Island at the entrance of Manila It said at least three enemy planes were shot At least 60 bombers took part in the it but failed to in flict material damage on the forti which guards the entrance to Manila American casualties from the at which took place were put at 13 killed and 35 Meanwhile there was a marked lessening of enemy ground attacks on General Douglas MacArthurs main force on Luzon but Japanese planes were The armys communique was the first official word issued on the Philippine struggle since yesterdays announcement of the fall of Manila and the Cavite naval base Even though news was military quarters here believed that MacArthur and his men are in a position to keep up a prolonged fight and make Japan pay In the war councils of the united nations sought to use every minute bought with the lives of MacArthurs men to bolster Singapore and the Dutch East In dies and to muster a mighty force for the eventual Pacific Military quarters pictured Mac Arthurs withdrawal from Manila and consolidation of his limited forces north of the capital as a key development in the delaying action They termed it the best maneuver open to him from the viewpoint of continuing the Behind the strong positions il was said to have taken up yester the AmericanFilipino army is now believed able to fall back if need slowly and in good order to the protection of the guns o the Manila Bay The exact location of General MacArthurs new defense lines was not but within the are remainingin control of the defend ers north of Manila Bay is an Im portant highway leading westwarc to the otherwise trackless Batan the link with the fortresses of Corregidor and its subsidiary Turn to Page 6 TROOPS HAVE BACKS TO SEA Martin Pledges Cooperation Of Republican Party 3 pledge of full Republican coopera tion in prosecution of the war ef fort coupled with a promise to call attention to honest mistakes came today from Joseph Mar National Chairman of the par ty and leader of the Republican House This is not the time for abuse or criticism its a time for point ing the Massachusetts repre sentative said upon his return to the Capitol for the start of a new session of Congress like everybody are 100 per cent for winning this war like they do in we will re serve the right to comment when t can honestly be done The party of the opposition is the greatest Martin already had postponed a meeting of state Republican chair man originally called for next week to start preparing for the No vember Congressional said that par ey and a meeting of the Republi can National Committee might be held in the Flexible WarTime Price Control Measure Is Ready for the Senate 3 flexible wartime price control to save the government billions of dollars and protect the public from soaring liv ng ready today for Senate Affecting virtually every phase of the nations commercial the bill seemed sure of arousing as heated a controversy as did similar legislation which cleared the House last Members of the Senate Banking Committee worked until after dark last night to complete their draft of the although the first ses sion 77th Congress already was Congress reconvenes but leaders indicated that Senate debate on the measure would not begin before Senator Brown who will serve as floor manager for the said it would aid the allout war effort by stabilizing prices of everything from guns to butter and would strike directly at pro inflation and Asked In Legislation President Roosevelt asked Con fess more than six months ago for rice control Mean Leon Henderson has been acting price through executive Brown said the bill prepared for Senate consideration was stronger than the version passed by the House because it contains much more definite authority and seeks to hold all prices to levels of the period October with a few ex This is not an overall pricefix ing he It Is a selective control measure where the price administrator may fix maximums if he has reason to be lieve that any prices are getting out of Brown said the banking commit tee had decided four major issues and enumerated them in this order Administration by a single price Price limits could not be set on a farm product until its price had reached 110 per cent of or the average market price on last October whichever was high Parity is a level which would afford the producer a return equi valent to that in a stipulated pre vious usually Licensing of all buyers and sellers except Rejection of attempts to con trol salaries or Turn to Page 3 Defense forces were reported in strong positions north and west of Manila 1 following its Black arrows indicate possible routes of Japanese on Manila from east and south and Japanese thrusts from Latter drive may still be blocked by General MacArthurs in coastal area inside sawtooth High mountains in Batan Peninsula 2 provide De fenders hold Forts Mills on Drum and Frank and secondary naval base of Olongapo It was presumed they hold Clark Field and Stotsenburg SOLIDARIIY PACT CRASHES FIVE CREWMEN SAVED British Press It as Death Knell to Axis By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 3 The 26na tion solidarity pact announced yes terday in Washington was hailed in British quarters today as the death knell of the and the beginning of a hew league of nations fash ioned under better This the London News Chronicle holds out hope of more than All na tions concerned have voluntarily subscribed to the principles of the Atlantic They plan to work together in peace as well as in war for com mon A new league of na tions is arising under better au The London Daily Telegraph de clared the tripartite felons can never hope to prevail against the might and resolution behind the Besides this treaty of Washing the Telegraph the tri partite pact of Berlin must appear a puny affair even to its own au thors and to the quislings who have made it ridiculous with their servile Writing on the Wall For Mussolini and Tojo the Washington treaty is the writ ing on the The Daily Sketch declared the Washington agreement to crush the Axis was the greatest news of the The bond will link the Allies firmly together and for tify their hearts for victory Informed British quarters ex pressed belief that the pact would lead to an integration of naval and air efforts of the signa tories in the near It was said in some quarters the agreement would have a profound effect on the Vichy French gov that it would bring new hope to the Axisoccupied countries of A foreign office commentator declared the fact that the United States of America had taken such a prominent part in the initiative which led to the pact is of ines timable Cites Comprehensive Character The pacts special importance from the British standpoint lies in ts comprehensive character and particularly in the very impressive number of states which have be come a party to he He declared that 26 signatories are certainly a good start and noted the clause inviting the ad herence of Turn to Page 3 ANSWERS 3 a retail oil has solved his federal tire ration ing problems by purchasing two horses and getting them serviced at a gasoline filling The and placed trucks for which Murphy couldnt get but they them selves needed new shoes and he couldnt find a blacksmith Learning that Henry filling station had aken up horseshoeing as a led the horses to the sta Ciccarelli shod and now the oil deliveries are being made by Parachute to Safety Land Gear Jams as SAN 3 From a big crippled army bomber came the question by radio Any of you pilots ever land a ship with one wheel down and one halfway Up An excitedjgroup of flight ex summoned gather ed in the control tower at San Di egos Lindbergh nobody there had ever triec to bring a crash job down that Five airmen in the fourmotored B24 cruised helplessly over the San Diego The landing gear haO been damaged in a The left wheel was locked in a down but the right one was jammed at an angle of 45 Try rocking and jogging the someone on the ground ad That didnt Other remedies were prescribed but How much gas have you got the fliers were The pilot figured he had enough to last until It was then about 3 The fuel supply dwindled as the craft circled Use your own discretion and land or the ground advisers If you do not elect to try a let the crew out one at a time over the field and the last time you go around set the automatic pilot level on a west This meant for pilot to drop off the crew over the head the plane to sea and then jump Then came the time for One motor cut The gas sup ply was The Navy and Coast Guard stood ready with crash One by one the five airmen para chuted The plane came down at sea near Imperial but escaped seri ous Names of the five airmen were not released by the AUSTRALIANS PRAISE MAC ARTHURS DEFENSE LOS 3 Melbourne commenting on the fall of said today there s nothing but praise in Aus tralia for the way General Douglas MacArthur handled his The heard by quoted the Brisbane Herald as say ing that General MacArthur had made an heroic The defense of the Philippines has not been in the Herald General MacArthurs stand at least occupied a consider able part of Japans effort for three Tliis was of tremendous as everything depended on gaining time to allow consolidation and reinforcement of allied posi tions in Burma and the East Of the 26nation antiAxis soli darity pact announced yesterday in the Melbourne radio said Such a mighty force of nations never before has been The way may be long and will cer tainly be very but the ulti mate result can no longer be in AUCTIONS Auction northeast At on Market 26 Countries to Use All Re Agree Not to Make Separate Peace MORE DECISIONS COMING 3 United Great Rus sia and formally agreed with 22 other nations today to use their full military and economic might against those Axis powers with which each is at war and further pledge not to make a sep arate peace with the Climaxinglengtny conferences among President Prime Minister Churchill and diplomatic representatives of the associated the joint declaration im plements the eightpoint Atlantic charter agreed upon by the British and American leaders last It also makes the charter a multi lateral one by bringing in 24 other Signing of the formal declaration began It was completed today at the state department when several Latin American diplomats affixed names for their Announcement of the agreement was made simultaneously in the capitals of the 26 Hull Hails Fact Secretary of State Hull said that the joining of 26 free nations in the greatest common war effort in history represented the over whelming majority of the inhabi tants of all six This is a living proof that law abiding and peace loving nations can unite in using the sword when necessary to preserve liberty and justice and the fundamental values of said Hulls Against this we can be sure that the forces of barbaric savagery and organized wicked ness cannot and will not The declaration said the signers subscribed to the common pro gram and purposes and principles of the Atlantic were con vinced that all were now engaged in a common struggle against sav age and brutal forces seeking to subjugate car ried this twopoint promise Fledge Full Resources Each government pledges itself to employ its full military or against those members of the Tripartite pact and its adherents with which such government is at Each government pledges itself to cooperate with the gov ernments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the It then pointed out that the dec laration may be adhered to by oth er nations which or which may rendering material assist ance and contributions in the struggle for victory over Hitler Although the document was re garded as bringing Russia into a closer understanding with the Unit ed States and Great it did not bind Russia to employ military and economic resources against Japan with which nation Russia has a nonaggression Russia is at war now with only Germany and and the joint declaration pledges the signatories only to use their full powers against those Axis nations with which they are at No Individual Peace the second point banning a separate pledged Russia not to make indi vidual peace terms with either of the European Axis President Roosevelt was the first signer of the allied front ar The second name on the list was that of Winston Churchill for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ire Then came the name of Maxim the Russian am on behalf of his govern and Tse Vung Chi nese minister of Foreign Other signers were nine Latin American Dominican El Sal Aus Czechoslo New Nor South Africa and The signers included only those nations at war with one or more of the Axis for was represented at last weeks White House conferences with representatives of occupied European but she was not a Denmark has no refugee government carrying on the war against Germany as do Norway and Officials that strategy had been the main concern of talks which culminated in announcement of the signing of the They said other pronouncements of if not import ance than the agreement might be expected within the next few Masked from the Axis powers were any military assurances Brit ain and the United States may have obtained from Russia in the Turn to Page

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