Berkshire Eagle, January 5, 1956

Berkshire Eagle

January 05, 1956

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Issue date: Thursday, January 5, 1956

Pages available: 30

Previous edition: Wednesday, January 4, 1956

Next edition: Friday, January 6, 1956 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Publication name: Berkshire Eagle

Location: Pittsfield, Massachusetts

Pages available: 118,748

Years available: 1956 - 2007

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All text in the Berkshire Eagle January 5, 1956, Page 1.

Berkshire Eagle (Newspaper) - January 5, 1956, Pittsfield, Massachusetts POLITICAL CRISIS f An All-Pouerful Assembly Is Debilitating France 19 The Ea City Edition Entered as second doss matter. Pott Office. Pittslield, Uut. Volume 209 Pittsfield, Massachusetts, Thursday, January 5, 1956. 30 Cents Eisenhower Bars Tax Cut Now Grace Kelly Engaged V-X To Prince of Monaco judge Gears He'd Boost Aid, Off er Flood Indemnity Kaminof DP Te Prince Rainier III UP Teleohoto Grace Kelly MONTE CARLO, Monaco (AP) Prince Rainier of Monaco, royalty's most eligible bachelor, has captured the heart of Grace Kelly, one of Hollywood's most eligible stars. Their engagement was announced through a palace announcement here, and then by Miss Kelly's parents, Mr. and Mrs. John B. Kelly, in Philadelphia. I Met on Location He is 32 and she is 26. The handsome prince met blonde Miss Kelly when she was making "To Catch a Thief" on the Riviera. 72 Negroes Seized Defying Bus Seat Rule NEW ORLEANS" (3V-An objec- tion to segregated seating in a city bus resulted in the arrest of 72 Negroes last night. Police answered a call from, a transit company supervisor after the Negroes, many of them stu- dents at Xavier University, re- fused to sit behind a sign dividing white and Negro passengers. j The bus driver, Francis Roux, 36, told police some of the Negroes removed the sign. He said they had boarded the bus after a basket- ball game between Xavier and Dil- lard, another Negro university. James J. Serpas was the only white passenger on the bus. Roux said the Negroes refused his order to replace the sign and sit behind it. He said he halted the bus about four blocks away Who He is currently visiting her in the United States. Rainier is a Roman Catholic like Miss Kelly and rules over a mile- square principality on the Mediter ranean Coast. His subjects have been anxious for him to marry be cause the principality reverts to French the sovereign dies without an heir. Monaco has a voting populatior of about but visitors, and French residents swell the popula tion to about There are no personal taxes, with the govern ment drawing its revenues from the famous Monte Carlo Casino. He 'Conquered Me" Miss Kelly visited Rainier at hi palace overlooking the Mediter 'ranean last March, during th Cannes film festival. After h showed her the state apartments the museum, and his private zoc in the palace gardens, the actres declared: "It was the first time I ha ever been received by a prince His simplicity completely con quered me." Rainier has reigned over his tin domain since his ailing grand father. Prince Louis H, abdicate in 1949. Louis died only four day and called his supervisor, summoned police. City Councilman Glenn P. Clas-! sen released all except one of later. The romance is not the old storj of a poor Cinderella meeting he Grace's father started li bricklayer son of a Count Contempt Harvard Aide Freed on Defying 1953 Red Probe BOSTON" Federal Judge! j Bailey Aldrich today acquitted for-J er Harvard psychologist Leon J. amin in a contempt of Congress ase. Exceeded In summarizing his lengthy opin- n, Aldrich found: "That the Bos- investigation of subversion nd espionage affecting privately- perated defense not ithin the authority Congress had iven the (McCarthy) committee." Kamin was accused of refusing o answer questions at a hearing ere Jan. 15, 1954, before Sen. oseph R. McCarthy (R-WisV Aldrich acquitted Kamin of con- empt in refusing to answer two aecific questions: Whether he mew any Communists working in efense plants and whether one, Jmanuel Blum, had contact with ersons having access to classified overnment information. The government, under thje fed- ral law involved, cannot appeal the acquittal, U. S. Atry. Anthony "ulian said. Four Other Counts Dropped Four other contempt counts were dismissed earlier by Aldrich dur- ng a jury-waived trial, on grounds they either duplicated other counts or were irrelevant. McCarthy conducted the 1954 tearing alone, as chairman of the Senate permanent investigations subcommittee. It is a branch of the Government Operations Com- mittee charged with investigating ihe efficiency and economy of "ederal agencies. "The court pointed out thai the committee had -no powers to in- vestigate the general subject of communism...and that government operations meant the operation of government departments, not pri- vate operation of private industry, even though under government contract." Aldrich said in his sum- mary. No Bights Violated However, the court held that "It was open to him as a defense when it was sought to have him con- victed of Aldrich ruled. The judge said he did not adopt any of Kamin's claims that Mc- Carthy violated his constitutional rights. Kamin claimed the privilege of silence under the first, fourth, Negroes to the custody of Dr. Al-playo farmer in Ireland, but bui bert Dent, president of Dillard. Po- lice identified the person not pa- roled as Fanny Carver, 17, a Dil- lard student, who was inciting a riot and disturbing the peace. 'Soil Bank' For Farmers Urged WASHINGTON (AP) President Eisenhower said today the budget will be in balance this fiscal year and next. He declared, however, a tax cut would be justifiable only if it would not put the government Into the red again. _____________ STATE OF THE U3HOX MESSAGE, he sent to Congress to be read by a clerk, i. dbcuwed by President Eisenhower .t Key West, ila., where he is .acaUomng. He posed for television and news cameras. (United Prest Senate Inquiry 7th'Times'Man Called; Paper's Charge Denied WASHINGTON (AP) The Senate Internal Security subcommittee called a seventh employe of the New York Times today while disputing that newspaper's contention it has been singled out in the group's current search for sub- Somerville Hih Fire Is Probed up one of the biggest brickwork construction companies in the United States. Was Not 'Gentleman' A champion sculler. Kelly went to England to participate in the Henley Regatta. But he was ruled out by the Kenley Committee be- cause he had once "worked with his which disqualified him as a "gentleman" sculler. But .p. Kelly went to the Olympics where he fifth, and ninth amendments of the Constitution. Aldrich also rejected Kamin's contention that the committee was "engaged in policing operations, rather than exercising congres- sional investigatory powers." Harvard officials, during the trial said Kamin, an admitted ex-Com- munist party member, was a min- or researcher and that he never handled classified material. McCarthy was the chief prosecu- tion witness at the trial. Henley Kelly's son John B. Jr. wearing the University of Pennsylvania's colors, went to Henley and won a smashing vic- had coached him. SOMERVILLE, M es at Somerville High School., T heavily damaged by fire late >es-i.. terday, were suspended today and an investigation into cause of the blaze was started. Representatives of the state marshal's office joined Somerville Fire Chief James O'Hara in profa- ing ruins of portions of the four-i story brick structure. Damage toi 9 the building was estimated by of-j ficials to range upwards of 000. Chief O'Hara said the fire prob- ably started in curtains on t h e version. Aimed at Newspaper? The only witness named in ad- vance of today's session was Otto Albertson. Subcommittee aides de- clined to say what his job is. The Tunes said Albertson, 48, is a proofreader in the composing room and joined the Times Sept. 1, 1945. "It seems quite the Times said in an editorial in to- day's editions, "that the Easlland investigation has been aimed with particular emphasis at the New. York Tunes." "The New York Times denies when no one has accused re- plied Sen. Eastland the subcommittee chairman. "The New York Times is not under in- vestigation." The newspaper said it seemed obvious it had been made a target because of its condemnation of such things as school segregation and "McCarthyism and all its works'" which it declared Eastland and two associates stand for. The subcommittee resumed yes- terday public hearings in series way the policies of this news- paper. The Times said it appears obvi- ous that it was singled out "pre- cisely because of the vigor of its opposition to many of the things for which it said Eastland, Sour- wine and Sen. Jenner (R-Ind) stand. Jenner is a member of the subcommittee. Times employes who testified were Clayton Knowles, 47, report- er; Samuel Weissman, 46, an em- ploye for 20 years in the editorial index department; and Jerry Zalph, 45, a proofreader. Vanishing Redman? OLD TOWN. Maine A census committee reported today the Penobscot Indian tnbe now has a population of 704, an increase of 19 since last year. of the auditorium. Members New GE Unit in NJ. Lewis J. Burger, formerly with ,the General Electric Co. in Pitts- j field, has been named general of e school basketball squad who were in the gymnasium fled manager of a newly-formed GE injury as" did several faculty Sear motor and transmission com- members who were in the build- ins. No classes were in session at the time. Piggy-Back Loon ponents department in Paterson, N J. Farts Firm Bought Formation of the new depart- ment was announced yesterday VA WITTT i F Tp-in ffPWDel- GE its Purchase of iSASHVTLLE, Te.w (LPi_ assets of ,he bert the Loon shows no Machine Co. of Pat- for travel. j Delbert was rescued from an ice bound lake near Syracuse. N.Y.. Watson Flagg has been a sup- and shioped to Nashville so he plier of gear motor components to could continue his southern The Paterson plant has about non on schedule. 500 employes. But instead of flying the Gulf, Mr. Burger's appointment was of Mexico for the winter, Delbert announced by H. A. McKinnon, has settled down in, a nearby lake. GE vice president and general 'manager of the company's com- ponent products department head- quartered in Fort Wayne, Ind. Left May increasing Mr. Burger went from Pittsfield cloudiness and continued mod- .TO Fort Wayne last May as man- crate temperatures. Low to- lager of GE's gear motor planning He was manager of manu- Forecast (L'-S. Weather Rureau) which has centered on the press, radio and television. Eastland has maintained that the inquiry is not aimed at newspapers, nor at any particular newspaper, but rather at seeking out communism wher- ever it can be found. Six From One Paper Three of yesterday's seven wit- nesses were employes of the Times. Three others were former Times employes. The seventh was a movie theater operator. The Times cited "the heavy con- centration of subpoenas served on employes of this newspaper" in declaring that it had been singled out in the investigation. It said also that J. G. Sourwine. the sub- committee counsel, had sought at earlier closed-door hearings to show "some connection between a, witness' onetime association withj the Communist party and the char- acter of the news published in this paper." The Times' 850-word editorial co'ntinued: Wouldn't Employ a Red John Indicted For War Deaths At Rocket Base BONN, Germany in- dictment for "multiple manslaugh- ter" was filed here today against Otto John, charging that 100 Ger- mans were killed in the rocket test station at Peenemuende as a result of information he furnished the British Air Force during World War H. The state prosecutor refused to give the name of the West Ger- man citizen who filed the com- plaint. Held for Treason Also John, who fled to Soviet Ger- many in 1954 and returned here late last year, is being held in Karlsruhe pending trial on charg- es-of treason. John fled to Britain during World War n and aided the Allied anti- German propaganda campaign dur- ing the last months of the war. So far as is known, the indict- ment filed today is the first efforl that has been made to punish a Quemoy Area Guns Thunder Second Day TAIPEI, Formosa ist and Communist Chinese guns today continued a thunderous duel which began yesterday in the Que- moy island area, coinciding with the arrival of two'top U.S. military officials. Donald A. Quarles, U.S. air sec- retary, arrived in Taipei today for top-level conferences. Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chairman of the U.S- Joint Chiefs of Staff, arrived yes- terday. Reds Start It The Nationalist Defense Minis- try said Communist artillery opened fire again today and Na- tionalist batteries on Quemoy and Malsu islands replied. Yesterday the Reds hit Quemoy and Little Quemoy, which lie just off the mainland, with 858 rounds, the heaviest shelling in more than a year. The visits of the two U.S. offi- cials -were described as routine. Both were to be dinner guests of President Chiang Kai-shek. Legion Vice-Chief Longer In his annual State of the Union message, Eisenhower declared Kussia has shifted from "violence and the threat of violence to re- liance on division, and duplicity." To meet the Russian threat, he called, among other things, for a stepped up foreign aid program and asked Congress "to grant lim- ited authority to make longer term commitments for assistance to such projects, to be fulfilled from appropriations to be made in fu- ture fiscal years." On the home front, the President said an experimental program of federal flood damage insurance should be started, and that he would offer detailed recommenda- tions later. He said: "Disaster in many forms by flood, frost, high winds, for in- stance can destroy on a massive scale in a few hours the labor of many years. "Disaster assistance legislation requires overhauling and an ex- spelled out later, in appropriations for the U. S. Information Agency in order to increase international "understanding of the truth about On the home front, Eisenhower as expected asked Congress again to extend the Defense Production Act. He also renewed a request for legislation giving better med- ical care to dependents of those in the armed services, together with a "more equitable" benefit program. He said other recommendations include career incentives for med- ical and dental officers and nurses and increases, in the proportion of regular officers, Trill be submitted later. The President touched on these other main topics: RESOURCES He said CONSERVATION "comprehensive" perimental program of flood-dam- age indemnities should be under- taken." Overseas Increases Eisenhower's legislative program also called for: 1. A 25-billion-dollar program of federal aid''to highways such, as Congress failed to approve at the last session. Eisenhower suggested merely "an adequate plan of fi- insisting, on the long-term borrowing' program which caused the highway plan to bog down last year. water conservation program will be submitted to Congress at this session, and he asked speedy ac- tion on such programs as the Colo- rado River storage project and the Frving Pan-Arkansas project. AREA REDEVELOPMENT He said he will submit later a program of federal technical and loan assistance to communities for redeveloping chronic unem- ployment areas. SOCIAL WELFARE He pro- posed 'extending old age and sur- vivors' insurance programs to ad- ditional workers; increased child welfare "services; and a consider- ably increased amount of federal aid to medical research. He said, too, "provision should made "by federal reinsurance or otherwise" Congress Candidate KENNEBUNK, Maine (UP) Businessman James V. Day step- ped down as a national vice com- mander of the American Legion today to run for Congress. Day. 41, will challenge veteran Republican Rep. Robert Hale of Portland who seeks renomination for an eighth term in the June 18 primary. A native of Brewer, Day is mak- ing his first bid for public office. Bus Giveaways SEATTLE, Wash. (UP) The Seattle transit system will provide a free ride, a free newspaper, free flowers, special music and a shiny Washington Stale apple to lucky riders starting Tuesday. The "on the house" treatment, designed to "stimulate transit rid- 2. Farm legislation, including a soil bank program as part of "a many-sided assault on the stubborn problems of surpluses, prices, costs and markets." The program will be detailed in a special mes- sage next week. f 3. A five-year program" of federal aid to school building. This, too, will be outlined in greater detail in a later message. Anti-Slum Units 4. A two-year slum clearance program calling for public housing units in each of the two years. 5. Creation of a bipartisan com- mission to investigate charges that in some localities Negroes be- ing denied the right to vote. The President said "we are proud of the progress our people have made in the field of civil rights. We must expand this effort on every front We must strive to have every person judged for extending voluntary health in- surance coverage particularly among older persons and those in rural areas. LABOR. MANAGEMENT He said he will' propose legislation to assure "adequate disclosure of the financial affairs of each employe pension and welfare plan and to afford substantial protection to their beneficiaries." He also called anew for broaden- ing of minimum wage law cover- age and for strengthening eight- hour laws for .workers subject to federal wage standards on federal arid federally assisted construction and other public works. Peace and Prosperity Eisenhower began his message with a review of progress he said had been made in the three years since he took office, saying: "Our coumtry is at peace. Our security posture commands re- spect. A spiritual vigor marks our at as een mae German for deaths resulting from ing." will be offered information furnished to the war-jto 6 p.m. _each weekday over time allies. ferent buses on the regular routes. Westinghouse Word Awaited After IUE Agrees to 'iurf otiwn-t employ a PHILADELPHIA Federal] The proposal followed a series mediators and union officials to- of daylong separate conferences -So far as we are aware, no decision by the held by Finnegan with the com- Westinghouse Electric Corp. on the Cllt, illCIf -wv. party has been found among the more than 4.000 employes on our rolls We would not knowingly employ a Communist party mem- ber in" the news or editorial depart latest proposal aimed at ending a nationwide strike now in its Slst oany and the union. day. The AFL-CIO InOernational Un- of Electrical Workers last _ _ t lOil OS I ments of this paper, because a suggestion from would not trust his ability to report; F Finnegan, head of the the news objectively or to Mediation and Concilia- ment on it honestly." j.jon Service, that a three-man Notin? that T few of its employes appointed to consider have acknowledged party member- jn dispute and make a rec- ship in years gone by. and thati0mmendation for further negotia- several have pleaded the Fifth the Times said it willi each such case on its merits. I Opmron >ot Binding and it added: J. Burger The opinion of the board would it auitvu t i lie tux, "It is our own business to decide 1 not be binding. Each side would whom we shall employ and not select one member and Finnegan employ. do not propose to hand would choose an impartial chair- James B. Carey, president of the IUE. announced union acceptance shortly after the proposal was made public. He said if Westing- house management would take the further step of making the board's recommendations binding, the un- ion was ready to ask its members lo return to work at once under The provisions of the current con- tract "as modified by the find- ings." In Pittsburgh last night, a inghouse spokesman said pany was studying the proposal but added that the and measured by what he is, rath- er than by his color, race or religion." 6. Statehood for Hawaii some- thing the President has repeatedly asked and Congress has refused to approve. Eisenhower said he hoped "progress toward statehood" for Alaska also could be made at this session. Immigration Revision 7. Revision of the immigration law so the number of persons ad- mitted to this country each year could be based on the 1950 census rather than that of 1920. Eisen- hower also asked amendment of the 1953 Refugee Relief Act more immigrants can come fronj Greece and Italy and from the ranks of Iron Curtain escapees. In his message, delivered to Con- gress while the President contin- ued recuperation in Key West, Fla from his heart attack, Eisen- hower declared: "I expect the budget to be in balance during the fiscal year end- ing June 30. 1956. "I shall propose a balanced bud- get for the next fiscal year ending June 30, 1957." He said present "burdensome" taxes "should be reduced when we prudently can." He added, however, "under con- ditions of high peacetime prosper- ity. national life. Our economy, ap- proaching the 400-billion-dollar mark, is at an unparalleled level of prosperity. income is more widely and fairly distri- buted than ever before. The num- ber of Americans at work has reached an all-time high. As a people, we are achieving even higher standards of ing more, producing more, con- suming more, building more and investing more than ever before. "Virtually all sectors of our so- ciety are sharing in these good times. Our farm families, if we act wisely, imaginatively and promptly to strengthen our present farm programs, can also look for- ward to sharing equitably in the prosperity they have helped to cre- ate. "War in Korea ended years ago. The collective security sys- tem has been powerfully strength- ened. Our defenses have been rein- forced at sharply reduced costs. Programs to expand world trade and to harness the atom for the betterment of mankind have been carried forward. Our economy has been freed from governmental wage and price controls. Inflation has been halted; the cost of living stabilized. Spending Cut "Government spending has been ns 01 nign cut by more than ten billion dol- such as now exist, we can lars. Nearly three hundred thous- nev-er justify going further into debt to give ourselves a tax cut at the expense of our children." Overseas Eisenhower urged Congress to and positions have been eliminated from the federal payroll. Taxes have been substantially reduced. Social security has been extended to ten million more Americans and unemployment insurance to four __ _. Of mailU- employ. OO noi propose to iidiiu womu cnoosc an V...O.. the apprentice course in over that function to the Eastland The mediator asked the un- .____I T-v___3___ T-__. t _. wVvAnvn m I TITrt IJ-Wt f IflOTWV TY13KG row in the 30s. 'mer department in Pittsfield. 1932. entered Purdue University! subcommittee nor do we pro- Otker local weather data will He darted with GE as an at> and graduated in 1935. He came to. pose to permit thr Eastland sub- found on Page 1, Section 2. prentice at Schenectady in Pittsfield that year. icommittee to determine in any ion and Westinghouse to make known their selections to him within 24 hours. fedJ approve United States membership! million more. Unprecedented ad- in the Organization for Trade Co-ivances in civil rights have been operation and to foster The long-standing and deep- trade by further simplification and "seated problems of of the U. S. e tarfhS and fortify" the mutual secur-'j posed caution against unnecessary has offeredTseverally program of foreign aid in order and unwise interference in the pn- times to submit'the issues in dis- to pute to arbitration but the com- Eisenhower iany has refused. "poverty and unrest." also proposed a increase, to be Eisenhower Continued on Second iWSPAPfc.RI ;