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North Adams Transcript (Newspaper) - August 28, 1975, North Adams, Massachusetts 300 THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1975 NORTH ADAMS ADAMS WILLIAMSTOWN MASSACHUSETTS 24 CENTS Ford, 16 governors ponder natural gas Moving day Hancock's 130-year-old town hall is hauled along'Route 43 today, en route to another spot a mile away near the Old Hancock Cemetery, below, where an anonymous commentator has affixed his own opinion to a marker at the site. WASHINGTON (AP) President Ford met today with 16 governors on ways to case an expected natural gas shortage which could affect residential customers and small businesses this winter. One of (he Democrat Milton J. Shapp of Pennsylvania, issued a statement before Ihe meeting, at- tacking Ford administration energy policies. "The natural gas situation is the latest example of federal inaction in the energy Shapp said. "The Nixon-Ford administration had at least six years warning of the gas crisis we face this winter. "Yet, to date the Ford administration's only response has been to advocate massive price rises for natural gas and other fuels on the false notion that such a policy will eliminate Ihc shortage." The President is expected to call for voluntary conservation policies by the states and to consider various legislative moves the government and the slates might make. A White House spokesman said, "There is not a great deal the President can do administratively." Ford also may urge support for legislation to end federal regulation of wellhead prices of new natural gas supplies, Under the plan, gas now flowing into interstate commerce would be deregulated as existing contracts expire. Under Ihe administration-sponsored legislation, interstate pipeline operators would be free lo pay much more to producers to bid new gas away from unregulated inlraslate consumers, chiefly in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana and New Mexico. Natural gas sold interstate is regulated at 52 cents per cubic feet. Intrastate sales go as high as The President and his advisers contend that deregulation is the best way to shift more gas to industry and homes in the upper Midwest, Northeast and Southeast where shortages are expected. Federal Energy Administrator Frank G. Zarb also reportedly may recommend that the President seek standby authority for the Federal Power Com- mission lo divert intrastale gas to in- terstate markets in any national emergency. Gas-short states whose governors are attending are New Jersey, Penn- sylvania, Ohio, Missouri, North Carolina, South' Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, Iowa, Kentucky and Delaware. The governors of Texas, Oklahoma and Louisiana were invited because their states arc major naturalgas producers. The governors of New York and West Virginia declined invitations because of prior commitments. Gov. Edmund G. Brown Jr. of California did not respond to his invitation. Gov. Thomas P. Salmon of Vermont and Gov. Philip Noel of Rhode Island arc attending in their respective roles as chairman of the National Governors Conference energy committee and chairman of the Democratic Governors Conference. In another energy development, Senate sources said Wednesday that Ford and Congress are trying to reach a lastminulc compromise on the im- pending decontrol of oil prices. The President has said he will veto a bill passed by Congress that would ex- tend price controls for six months beyond Aug. 31, but the bill has not been sent to him yet. One Senate source said, "Discussions are still going on ...They arc still hopeful of working out a compromise." It was unclear what kind of compromise might be involved. If price controls end at midnight Sunday, the current S5.25-a-barrel ceiling on about 60 per cent of U.S.-produced oil would be lifted and the price of that oil is expected to rise to the unregulated world level of around a barrel. Moil early, save money WASHINGTON (AP) Americans can expect to pay more, probably 3 cents more, to mail their Christmas cards this December. The Postal Rate Commission is expected to take action today that will allow the Postal Service lo raise the cost of mailing a letter from the present 10-centrale. The Postal Ser.vicc, which has been losing money at the rale of million a day under present rates, has wanted for months to raise the letter rate to 13 cents. Bui il hasn't been able to do so while the commission considered its retiuestto makelhelastincreasepermanenl. The commission is expected today to make permanent the 2-cent increase, to 10 cents, that has been in cffecl since March 1974 on a temporary basis. Postmaster General Benjamin F. Bailar announced in advance that the Postal Service would then increase rates on a temporary basis. Once a permanent rate is set, the law allows the Postal Service to raise rales by 33 per cent atler a 90-day waiting period. Therefore, a permanent 10-cent rale now would mean the Postal Service could increase the rate to 13 cents in time for the Christmas mailing season. Democrats pick New York as site of 76 convention FTC lowers boom on funeral homes' tactics WASHINGTON (APJ The Federal :-'Trade Commission today accused the funeral home induslry practices ranging from' bodysnalching to bait-and-switch sales tactics. The commission proposed rules lo stop undertakers from exploiting and -deceiving the bereaved. :-Announcing results of a Iwoyear probe, "the FTC said il found widespread abuses among Ihe nation's funeral homes. In addition to the bodysnatching and bait-and-switch tactics, the FTC said it requirements for the purchase of i.'expensive coffins for cremations, false 1 yclaims for waterproof burial vaults and profiting on flowers, clergymen and "pallbearers. the same lime, Ihe FTC announced of a consent order requiring 'Service Corporation International SCI of Houslon, Tex., Ihe nation's largest funeral home chain, lo refund for crcmalions performed i.'during the past 4W years. 'ui' The proposed funeral rules, if adopted, override any slale and local laws Tthal prohibit price adverlising and that "require caskets for cremation. accompanying FTC staff document ;S3id. state regulatory boards are often Ihe coritrql of Ihe induslry, and -..that the general counsel of the Nalional -Advertising up Funeral Direclors Association, the industry's largest trade association, also is general counsel to Ihe conference of state regulatory boards. "The industry, is well organized in terms of.state boards of regulation and trade' associations and uses its advantages to limit price disclosure, lowcost disposition, pre-need arrangements, and price advertising, all in thb name, of course, of professional ethics and good the Bureau of Competition paper said. The proposed trade regulation would prohibit underlakers from: up or embalming corpses without the family's permission, known as bodysnatching. to release remains upon request of surviving relatives. that a customer's concern about price indicates lack of respect or a f fee lion lor the deceased. on arrangements for flowers, pallbearers, crematory charges, clergy honoraria, musicians and obituaries. the purchase of a costly casket for immediate cremation, and refusing to sell inexpensive cardboard boxes or canvas or plastic pouches for the ashes. the public health necessity for embalming, caskets and burial vauils. selling ladies, which display cheaper caskels in haltered condition or unattractive colors. The FTC staff said the average cost for a funeral and burial is about and, based upon some two million deaths a year, raises the total outlay to S2 billion with projections of up to 52.8 billion by 1980. Counting extras such as flowers, cemetery plots, grave markers and burial vaults, the total bill for funeral- related items is about W.2 billion an- nually, the FTC said. The federal government's share of the expense approaches 5500 million, through Social Security and veteran's uurial programs. The FTC said the proposed trade rule was necessary because "funeral arrangements typically musl be made under exlreme lime pressures by buyers whose bereaved condition may render (hem unable to protccl themselves by careful inquiry or to exercise their normal care and business judgment" In contrasl with Ihe inexperienced customer, the FTC said, "Th'e funeral director is in the business of arranging disposition of the dead for profit..." WASHINGTON (AP) The Democrats have decided to take their 1976 presidential nominating convention to New York, which needs the money, and the Republicans are looking toward Kansas City, which sils significantly in Ihe heart of "Middle America." The Democrats made their choice Wednesday after New York officials and labor chiefs pleaded that the financially troubled city needs the economic boosl of a big convention and they promised there would be no labor complications. The site selection committee, faced with some intraparty discord in California and a solid loyalist front in New York, agreed to accept ttic cramped quarters of Madison Square Garden over the spacious facilities of Los Angeles' convention center. The Republicans make their decision next month, and parly sources say Kissinger presses Sinai negotiations JERUSALEM (AP) Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger met with Israeli leaders for nearly six hours today, sharpening the dozens of clauses that make up the new Sinai pact. He indicated the details .would keep him shuttling between Jerusalem and Alexandria at least through Saturday. A senior American official said earlier the pact may be initialed Sunday or Monday. Kissinger later flew to Egypl, saying he hoped to return lo Jerusalem tonight. He said he wanted to accomplish as much as possible before the Jewish Sabbalh at sundown Friday closes government offices. On Wednesday a senior American official said a few clauses "of at least symbolic significance" remained to be ironed out in the Sinai pact. U.S. sources said one point slill to be settled is the precise number of American-manned electronic sur- veillance posts lo be stationed around the Gidi and Mitla mountain passes to give warning of military operations once Israel has pulled back to a new defense line. Kansas Cily has the inside track although Cleveland and Miami Beach are still in the running. Mayor Abraham D. Beame told the Democratic comniitleo their "convention belongs in New York City" and reminded Ihem that "the people of New York are on the front lines of meeting Ihe economic challenge." The New Yorkers pointed out lhat their financial problems have forced layoffs of city employes, some of whom might be pul back lo work in Ihe event of a convention boom. Neal Walsh, New York's commissioner of public evcnls, said the convention will be worth million to Ihe cily economy over the next year and a half. One of the big problems with Los Angeles was Gov. Edmund G. Brown Jr., who alienated convention planners by criticizing them (or seeking fancy facilities. Brown suggested delegates sleep in church basements if they ran short of hotel rooms. After the vole. Brown said in California he was "disappointed. I think Los Angeles would have been by far the better place." Although Ihe roomy Los Angeles convention center would have provided .better meeting facilities, it would have required bus Iransporlation over the area's complicated freeways lo and from hotels. Cigarette smoking drops slightly WASHINGTON U.S. per capita consumption dropped slightly tin 1974 to mark the first decline in five iyears, although the industry spent more ;fp.r advertising lasl year-lhan any year 'since 1970, the Federal Trade Commission said loday. S-At the same time, Ihe FTC told Congress that domestic sales were up about 1.7 per cent lo 594.5 billion cigarelles lasl year. Thai was a record, Inside Adams Cheshire Clasiified Editorial....... .Entertainment..... Living............ Obituaries........ Pick of the Programs Sporu........... Vermont suburban WMIlamslown1...... 10. ____ 71.22, .16! 7 8. 9 surpassing the old high of 584.7 billion cigarettes sold in 1973, but indicating a slowdown in the recent trend, the FTC said. However, consumption on a per capita basis among U.S. residents and overseas military personnel 18 years of age and older was cigarettes in 1974, compared with in 1973 and in 1963. Cigarette manufacturers spent million on a'dvertising last year, the highest since million in 1970 before Congress banned cigarette commercials on radio and television, the FTC said. The adverlising included million in magazine million in newspapers, million for billboards, million in direct advertising promotions and million in other media. The industry spent million for cigarette advertising in 1973. new. report to Congress said filter cigarettes and mentholated varieties continued the long-term trend of claiming a larger share of the market. Filter cigarettes accounted for 80 per cenl of sales in 1974, a gain of one per- centage point at the expense of nonfilter brands. In 1963 filters represented 58 per cent of sales. The FTC said 27 per cenl of cigaretles sold lasi year were menthol, up 2 per cent from 1973 and almost double (he 16 per cent in 1963. Twenty-nine per cent of cigarette sales in 1974 were for extra long brands of 95- to-120 millimeters, up 5 per cenl. Six- lyfive per cent were king size and 6 per cent regulars. The FTC said.this may be explained by the showing lhat 46 per- cent of ad- vertising dollars were spent to promote the exlra long cigarettes last year, up from 29 per cenl in 1973. Advertising outlays for "safer" cigarettes, those.wilh 15 milligrams of tar or less, fell from 17.8 per cent in 1973 to 15.2 per cent last year, the report said. The weather Cteir tonight, low lo 40i. Sunny, in 70s tomorrow. DcUlU, page 12. Cracking the lineup A 3-monlh-old baby elephant joins its elders at the Los Angeles Zoo and touches trunks with one, apparently so it won't get lost in the shuffle. (AP Wirephoto)
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