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North Adams Transcript (Newspaper) - May 28, 1975, North Adams, Massachusetts NORTH ADAMS ADAMS WILLIAMSTOWN MASSACHUSETTS 132ND YEAR No. 221 WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1975 Democrats fuming over Ford oil moves 24 PAGES 15 CENTS WASHINGTON (AP) The Democrats who control Congress are sharply criticizing President Ford's latest actions to force up petroleum prices but cannot guarantee the votes to substitute their own energy program. One, Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., called today for an immediate attempt upon Congress' return from its Memorial Day recess to override Ford's veto o! a bill blocking his oil import tariffs. Jackson made th call in a letter to the Senate majority leader. A Republican, Sen. Jacob K. Javits of New York, said if the veto is overridden Congress should establish a joint SenateHouse task force to fashion a comprehensive energy program within 60 days. Javits disapproved of Ford's tariffs, but said he understood the Presi- dent's concern with lack of con- gressional action. As a result of the President's action, announced in a national broadcast Tuesday night, the price of gasoline is expected to increase by at least 1.5 cents a gallon in early summer. And if Ford has his way, the price would climb another six cents or more over the next 18 to 24 months. The President chided Congress for failing to approve a broad energy program, as he recommended in his State of the Union message last January. Therefore, Ford said he will: a second tariff on imported oil, effective June 1. Although the tariff is aimed at reducing consumption of foreign oil, the extra dollar, like the previous tariff, also is likely to be added by oil companies to the price of the 40 per cent of domestic oil production that is exempt from price controls. This could mean an extra million a month in oil company profits reflecting both dollar increments. Ford also has proposed a windfall profits tax on oil nrnducers. a 60-cent-per-barrel tariff on imported petroleum products, such as gasoline and heating oil, also effective on June 1. The effects of this increase will be felt most in Hawaii and on the East Coast which are heavily dependent on oil refined abroad. to Congress next month a plan for removing federal controls from domestic oil prices, probably over the next 18 to 24 months. Such a move, which could be blocked by Congress, would raise consumer prices for petroleum products by at least six cents a gallon. In addition, Ford administration of- ficials say they expect the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries to raise the cost of petroleum products by 15 per cent this autumn. Such a boost would add another 1 to 1% cents to a gallon of gasoline. Ford said he had delayed the tariff increases in March and April after congressional leaders had "promised to come up with a congressional energy program better than mine" but they didn't. Declaring that Congress had "done nothing" on energy legislation, Ford picked up a calendar and ripped off The weather Clear and cool tonight, low in 40s. Sunny and mild tomorrow, high 80. Details, page 3. pages for the months of February, March, April and May to dramatize his point that Congress had four months to develop an alternative but failed. "The Congress cannot drift, dawdle and debate forever with America's Ford said. The President said "our American economy runs on energy. No energy, no jobs The sudden fourfold increase in foreign oil prices and the 1973 embargo helped throw us into this recession. "We are now on our way out of the recession. Another oil embargo could throw us back. We cannot continue to depend on the price and supply whims of he said. Almost without exception, congressional response to Ford's action split along party lines. Democrats said the higher petroleum prices would set off a new round of inflation and further dampen the economy, while Republicans said Congress' failure to act left Ford no choice. "I for one won't buy this said Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., chairman of the Senate Interior Com- mittee and a key influence in energy matters. Jackson said the President's program, aimed at forcing energy conservation by driving up fuel prices, would cost the average American family a year, with the burden falling most heavily on the poor and middle-income groups. The Democrats "haven't done anything to discourage the importation of foreign said Sen. Carl T. Curtis, ranking Republican on the Senate Finance Committee. "They do not seem to recognize the danger to our economy in permitting domestic production to go down and increasing our dependence on foreign sources." Rep. Al Oilman, D-Ore., chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, was more optimistic than most of his colleagues that Congress can pass an energy program of its own. Increases in oil tariff produces grim forecasts By The Associated Press New Englanders reacted to President Ford's increase in tariffs on imported oil with dismay and predictions of higher unemployment in the region and higher prices for electricity. Political and energy industry leaders denounced the action as having especially bad effects on New England. In a nationwide radio and television address on Tuesday, the President said he will impose an additional tariff on oil imports starting June 1. He said he took the action to discourage domestic oil consumption by forcing up the price of petroleum products. Ford also chided Congress for not proposals ..and urged the Congressito niove quickly on his proposed programs! The New England reaction paralleled northeastern reaction when Ford im- posed the initial tariff on Feb. 1. A sampling of New England opinion on the President's latest action: Rep. Michael J. Harrington, D-Mass.: "Anything that would increase the cost to New England, one of the heavier users of crude oil, would have an ad- verse impact. There was a tendency in imposing the first tariff to minimize the impact on regions where the effect would be more severe. We'll have to wait and see if that's true in this case." Rep. Silvio q. Conte, R-Mass.: "I regret that action. It's a presidential ploy to prod the Democratic leadership into action. But it's going to squeeze the pocketbook of the New England con- sumer." Rep. Margaret M. Heckler, R-Mass., said Ford's proposal will fall heavily and unfairly on New England. She said in a statement, "The current economic crunch which is forcing many businesses to close and throwing thousands of people put of work is partially caused by high fuel prices. This increase in the oil tariff will only hurt more businesses and individuals." Mrs. Heckler said she plans con- ferences with state officials on possible development of coal resources in southeastern Massachusetts. James M. Lydon, a vice president of Boston Edison Co., said, "We are very, very unhappy. We estimate that the net impact of the latest tariff will mean a 60 cents-a-barrel increase in what we pay for oil, when figuring in what we get domestically. "Since we anticipate burning 11 million barrels in the last six months of this year, that's a million price increase for our customers which will cost the average residential customer an additional 50 to 60 cents per month." John A. Kaneb, president of Northeast Petroleum Industries, New England's largest independent oil supplier: "In- creasing the cost of petroleum energy in this country in a time of economic decline is not the right policy to pursue. The price increases oil producers put into effect a year and a half ago have already encouraged conservation, as our own figures show. Future increases in oil costs will do little for more con- servation." Democratic Gov. Michael S. Dukakis, of Massachusetts, said, "This program will condemn the consumer to higher energy prices and longer unemployment lines. That is not only bad economics, but cruel politics. Higher energy costs now won't result in reduced con- sumption as the President hopes, but in reduced consumer buying power million next year in Massachusetts alone, and that doesn't include the lost dollars due to the unemployment that is sure to result from this plan." Sen. Edward W. Brooke, R-Mass., said, "I think the President's program is the wrong one especially for New England. But he did give the Demo- cratic-controlled Congress more than enough time to develop an alternative Still, the fault lies with Congress as much as with Ford." Lodge destroyed Firefighters from Readsboro and Stamford, pouring water on kitchffli' area where fire Vt., fight a fire that destroyed Heartwellville reportedly started. Story, other photo pg. 13. Lodge in Readsboro, Vt. early today. They are (Transcript photo-Trabold) President and Mrs. Ford, daughter Susan at left, leave the White House today to begin Off for Europe Ford's first European trip since he became President. (AP Grads find spring season of discontent WASHINGTON (AP) The young woman, educated to be a French and art teacher, is waiting on tables in the Raleigh, N.C., area. Her husband, with a bachelor's degree in sociology and a master's in demography, repairs bicycies and hopes for a job teaching retarded children. "At least they're making a living and not sponging off the old says the girl's father, a Washington business ex- ecutive. Across the land, the worsening economy has thrown highly educated young adults out of work or into jobs for which they are neither trained nor particularly suited. "Ph.D.s parking cars and teachers typing' in the steno pool are no joke, they're says a businessman. The College Placement Council confirmed that point Tuesday, releasing results of a survey of 709 employers showing an 18 per cent drop in jobs for new college grads this year compared with last year. Those surveyed reported hiring winter and spring graduates, down from a year ago. The employers in business, industry, government and nonprofit and 2ducational institutions (exclusing ".eachers; said they were not recruiting Too many kids at loose ends, car safety survey indicates WASHINGTON (AP) A survey of seat belt usage has found .that 93 per cent of all children riding in cars are un- protected against crashes. Another 1 per cent were improperly restrained by seat belts or infant holders, the survey by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety said. The unrestrained children were sitting or standing, sitting on someone else's lap unrestrained or in infant holders that were not restrained. The survey involved observation of more than cars carrying nearly children under 10 years of age at amusement parks and shopping centers in Maryland, Massachusetts and Virginia. The insurance institute noted that children under 5 years of age died in automobile accidents in 1973. Another children between 5 and 14 were killed in accidents in the same year. In addition, passengers in those age categories "receive many of the nearly four million annual injuries resulting from motor vehicle crashes, frequently head the institute said. The survey found that 82 per cent of the children surveyed were sitting or standing alone unrestrained, and 6 per cent were in devices which in turn had not been restrained. Of the l per cent improperly restrained, some were sitting on an adult's lap with the same seat belt restraining both adult and child. because of a lower personnel turnover during the uncertain economic situations. "Judging from their comments, employers do not expect appreciable improvement in hiring until possibly next the council said. The hiring decline was the first since the 1969-71 recession and the severity approached the 27 per cent drop in the 1970-71 season, the council said. The survey showed that jobs remained available for top students, minorities and females in high-demand fields. But the only industries hiring more new grads this year than last were petroleum, up 4 per cent; state and local governments, up 18 per cent, and non- profit and educational institutions, up 7 per cent. Liberal arts majors are experiencing a 9 per cent drop in jobs available this year from last year, on top of a 45 per cent decrease in 1970-71 and almost no .improvement in intervening years. Engineering jobs, normally among the most heavily recruited categories, dropped 20 per cent at the bachelor's level, 23 per cent at the master's level, and 10 per cent at the doctoral level. Employment in engineering had in- creased a cumulative total of 53 per cent the three preceding years, however. Opportunities in business, usually another heavy employer, fell 28 per cent this year from last year. Higher degree holders in general are experiencing greater difficulty in fin- ding positions. Jobs declined 20 per cent for new. Ph.D.s, compared with 18 per cent for bachelor's degrees and 17 per cent for master's degrees. Adorns town meeting rejects Berkshire scenic mountains act By ROBERT E. LAMB meeting last night rejected provisions of the Berkshire County Scenic Mountains Act, becoming the fourth town to refuse to assert control over certain mountain regions. Great Barrington, New Ashford and Tyringham previously declined the permissive legislation, while eight other towns, including Williamstown and Hancock, accepted it. Specially designed for Berkshire County, the, 1974 act permits con- servation commissions or selectmen to propose "mountain maps" for areas controlled by sets of rules locally for- mulated. The Adams Conservation Commission twice voted unanimously to favor local application of the act, its vice chairman, Michael R. Shay, told town meeting members. However, precinct member Frank H. Graham argued that the state Depart- ment of Natural Resources will wield greater control than local commissions and "can intervene in every single item." He also cautioned that the act, once accepted locally, may be revised at the whim of the legislature. Mr. Graham said commercial lum- bermen may ply their trade un- molested, but a homeowner in land under the special controls "can't cut down a tree in his yard." Mr. Shay disputed the DNR role, saying the act does not permit state intervention in local affairs concerning the legislation. Citing a two-page handout distributed to town meeting members, Mr. Shay stressed that last night's article was limited to granting his commission authority to prepare a map of protected mountain areas. Controls are nonexistent without later town meeting adoption of the map on a two-thirds vote. Mr. Graham countered that even the basic first step would signify town ac- ceptance of the act, insisting the "department (DNR) has a say in how it's administered." Town meeting voted it down by a voice majority. Mr. Graham said the legislature may amend the act to change the two-thirds vote requirement to a simple majority, but Mr. Shay said he believed legislative sentiment is strongly opposed to the change. The legislautre voted the measure last August, and its author, George Wislocki, executive director of the Berkshire Natural Resources Council Inc., ex- plained it to conservation com- missioners in October. He then pointed out that Adams has no control what- soever on the acres of state lands within its boundaries but could exercise some regulation through the act. The act's purpose is to protect water- supplies, prevent erosion and control flooding and preserve natural scenic qualities al higher elevations. The suggested contour line serving as the basis for such areas of control in the- Hoosac River valley is feet. In Adams it would encompass the Mt. Greylock reservation from upper' reaches of the Greylock Glen resort as well as the plateau atop the Hoosac. range on the town's east side. 1 22, 23 21 14 18 10 24 22 18 16 11
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